Class XII (Theory

)
Total Periods : 180 One Paper Unit No. Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Unit VII Unit VIII Unit IX Unit X Unit XI Unit XII Unit XIII Unit XIV Unit XV Unit XVI Title Solid State Solutions Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Surface Chemistry General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements p -Block Elements d -and f -Block Elements Coordination Compounds Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen Biomolecules Polymers Chemistry in Everyday Life Total: Time: 3 Hours 70 marks Marks 4 5 5 5 4 3 8 5 3 4 4 6 4 4 3 3 70

Unit I: Solid State

(Periods 12)

Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p type semiconductors.

Unit II: Solutions

(Periods 12)

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, van't Hoff factor. 103

concept of collision theory (elementary idea. catalysis. oxidation states. uses. electronic configuration. preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid. temperature.concentration. Tyndall effect. compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine. oxidation states. dry cell -electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells. classification of oxides. Phosphorus . PCl 3 5 Principles and methods of extraction .physisorption and chemisorption. Group 18 Elements: General introduction. electrophoresis. factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids. trends in physical and chemical properties. rate law and specific rate constant.allotropic forms. colloids and suspension. occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium. Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells. homogenous and heterogenous activity and selectivity. Unit VII: p -Block Elements (Periods 14) Group -15 Elements: General introduction. Unit VI : General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements (Periods 8) PCl . interhalogen compounds. coagulation. properties and uses. enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions. occurrence. zinc and iron. Kohlrausch's Law. Relation between Gibbs energy change and emf of a cell. trends in physical and chemical properties. occurrence. reduction . copper. electronic configuration. properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid. integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions). properties of colloids. oxoacids of halogens (structures only). compounds of halogens. occurrence. compounds of nitrogen. Oxoacids of sulphur (Structures only). Brownian movement. Unit V: Surface Chemistry (Periods 8) Adsorption . fuel cells. 104 . Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics (Periods 12) Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous). occurrence. lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids. Ozone. standard electrode potential. Properties and uses. sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture. Group 16 Elements: General introduction. halides and oxoacids (elementary idea only).Unit III: Electrochemistry (Periods 14) Redox reactions. catalyst. lyophilic . no mathematical treatment). electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea). oxidation. order and molecularity of a reaction. electronic configuration. factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration. lead accumulator. compounds of sulphur: Preparation properties and uses of sulphur-dioxide. Sulphur -allotropic forms. Arrhenious equation. Group 17 Elements: General introduction. nitrogen preparation properties & uses . electronic configuration. Preparation.dioxygen: Preparation. corrosion. variations of conductivity with concentration.types of emulsions. trends in physical and chemical properties. oxides of nitrogen (Structure only) . conductance in electrolytic solutions.electrolytic method and refining. emulsion . specific and molar conductivity. oxidation states. EMF of a cell. Activation energy. trends in physical and chemical properties.

Werner's theory. methods of preparation. identification of primary. freons. 105 . methods of preparation. uses of phenols. ionization enthalpy. uses. Bonding. electronic configuration. oxidation states. general trends in properties of the first row transition metals . interstitial compounds. ligands. Phenols and Ethers (Periods 12) Alcohols: Nomenclature. and CFT. Phenols: Nomenclature. uses.Electronic configuration. colour. nature of carbonyl group. secondary and tertiary alcohols. occurrence and characteristics of transition metals. ionic radii. chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. VBT.Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements (Periods 14) General introduction. colour. uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. mechanism of substitution reactions. Actinoids . IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids. physical and chemical properties.Introduction. physical and chemical properties. methods of preparation. mechanism of dehydration. acidic nature. Unit XII: Aldehydes. Ethers: Nomenclature. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature. oxidation states. catalytic property. tetrachloromethane. alloy formation. reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes: uses.Electronic configuration. coordination number. magnetic properties and shapes. Lanthanoids . physical and chemical properties. optical rotation. physical and chemical properties. DDT. methods of preparation. substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).dichloromethane. methods of preparation. electrophillic substitution reactions. importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion. magnetic properties. Uses and environmental effects of . structure and stereoisomerism. Unit X : Haloalkanes and Haloarenes. acidic nature of phenol. preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. (Periods 12) Haloalkanes: Nomenclature. physical and chemical properties( of primary alcohols only). Haloarenes: Nature of C -X bond.metallic character. nature of C -X bond. extraction of metals and biological system). mechanism of nucleophilic addition. Unit IX: Coordination Compounds (Periods 12) Coordination compounds . Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (Periods 12) Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature. Unit XI: Alcohols. physical and chemical properties. iodoform. trichloromethane.

analgesics. secondary. tranquilizers antiseptics.Classification (aldoses and ketoses).UnitXIII: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen (Periods 10) Amines: Nomenclature.will be mentioned at relevant places in text. maltose). 106 .primary. antibiotics. artificial sweetening agents.preservations. Chemicals in food . identification of primary. classification. cleansing action. D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose. proteins. disinfectants. elementary idea of antioxidants. polysaccharides (starch. chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only).Classification and functions. antifertility drugs. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA. rubber. structure. polypeptides. Diazonium salts: Preparation. nylon polyesters. Unit XVI: Chemistry in Everyday life (Periods 8) Chemicals in medicines . denaturation of proteins.soaps and detergents.Elementary idea excluding structure. Unit XV: Polymers (Periods 8) Classification . enzymes. Cleansing agents.amino acids. Vitamins . structure of proteins . Hormones . uses. Unit XIV: Biomolecules (Periods 12) Carbohydrates . Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers. lactose. methods of polymerization (addition and condensation). some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene. Proteins -Elementary idea of α . Cyanides and Isocyanides . antihistamines. antimicrobials. Importance of carbohydrates. physical and chemical properties. peptide bond. bakelite. monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose). methods of preparation. glycogen).natural and synthetic. antacids. cellulose. secondary and tertiary amines. copolymerization.

Study of reaction rates of any one of the following: Reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature using different concentration of iodide ions. (KIO3) and sodium sulphite: (Na2SO3) using starch solution as indicator (clock reaction). (a) (b) (i) (ii) C. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCI) and strong base (NaOH). such techniques should be used. Reaction between potassium iodate. project work and viva Total Marks 10 8 6 6 30 PRACTICAL SYLLABUS Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. i) ii) iii) Dialysis of sol-prepared in (a) above.starch. (Periods 4) A. Chemical Kinetics (Periods 4) Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid. arsenous sulphide. ferric hydroxide.aluminium hydroxide. 107 . egg albumin and gum Lyophobic sol .Practicals Evaluation Scheme for Examination Volumetric Analysis Salt Analysis Content Based Experiment Class record. (b) (c) B. Study of the role of emulsifying agents in stabilizing the emulsion of different oils. Surface Chemistry (Periods 5) (a) Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol Lyophilic sol . Wherever possible. Determination of enthaply change during interaction (Hydrogen bond formation) between acetone and chloroform. Thermochemistry Any one of the following experiments Enthalpy of dissolution of copper sulphate or potassium nitrate.

(Periods 14) 108 . phenolic.Mn2+. carboxylic and amino (Primary) groups.Naphthol aniline dye. Ni2+. Al3 Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds: (Periods 6) (Periods 2) (Periods 4) Preparation of any one of the following compounds Unsaturation. Co2+. Sr2+. aldehydic. Preparation of potassium ferric oxalate. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds Preparation of double salt of ferrous ammonium sulphate or potash alum. (Periods 4) Determination of concentration/ molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of: (Periods 8) Oxalic acid. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates. i) ii) G. I. ketonic. Zn2+. fats and proteins in pure samples and their detection in given food stuffs. alcoholic. Cation . Fe3+. i) ii) K. i) ii) F. J. Electrochemistry (Periods 2) Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn2+|| Cu2+/Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes (CuSO4 or ZnSO4) at room temperature. Mg2+. Cu2+. As3+. . Chromatography (Periods 2) Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rf values. Ca2+. Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having large difference in Rf values to be provided). Ba2+. Qualitative analysis Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt. E. Ferrous ammonium sulphate (Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves). i) ii) iii) iv) H.D. Preparation of Organic Compounds Acetanilide Di -benzal acetone p-Nitroacetanilide Aniline yellow or 2 .Pb2+.

• • • • • • • • Study of the presence of oxalate ions in guava fruit at different stages of ripening. Chemistry Part -I. etc. Chemistry Part -II. Cl-. butter. SO2-4. SO2-3. chilli powder and pepper. Br-. S2-. Recommended Textbooks. can be chosen with the approval of the teacher. concentration. Study of quantity of casein present in different samples of milk. I-. Ajwain (carum).NH+4 Anions . which involves about 10 periods of work. Note: Any other investigatory project. NO-2. Extraction of essential oils present in Saunf (aniseed). sugar. 1. potato juice. PO3-4. 109 . Comparative study of the rate of fermentation of following materials: wheat flour. oil. NO-3. time etc. Study of the effect of potassium bisulphate as food preservative under various conditions (temperature. A few suggested Projects. C2O2-4. Illaichi (cardamom). carrot juice etc. Published by NCERT. gram flour. Study of common food adulterants in fat. effect of temperature. Preparation of soybean milk and its comparison with the natural milk with respect to curd formation. Published by NCERT.) Study of digestion of starch by salivary amylase and effect of pH and temperature on it. 2. turmeric power.CO2-3. CH3COO(Note: Insoluble salts excluded) PROJECT Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.

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