NAME Abu Hamid Muhammad Bin Muhammad AlGhazali
FIELD OF EXPERTISE Islamic theologian, jurist, philosopher, cosmologist, psychologist and sufi mystic of persian origin
CONTRIBUTION FAMOUS KNOWN AS Imam Ghazali has written more than 70 books on jurisprudence, theology, Imam Al-Ghazali philosophy and sufism. One of imam ghazali's major contributions is the book ihya al-ulum al-din (therevival of religious sciences). It covers almost all fields of islamic sciences, namely, fiqh(islamic jurisprudence), kalam (theology) and sufism and contains four major sections (with 10 books in each section): •Rub' al-'ibadat (acts of worship) •Rub' al-'adatat (norms of daily life ) •Rub' al-'muhlikat (the ways to perdition) •Rub' al-'munjiyat (the ways to salvation)
Abu Abdullah Al-Shafi’i AlHijazi Al-Makki Al-Azdi AlQurashi Al Hashimi AlMuṭṭalibi Abu Abdullah Malik Ibn Anas Ibn Malik Ibn Abi 'Amir Ibn 'Amr IbnulHarith Ibn Ghaimān Ibn Khuthail Ibn 'Amr IbnulHaarith Muhammad Ibn
Al-risala — the best known book by al-shafi'i in which he examined usul al- Imam Al-Shafi’e fiqh (sources of jurisprudence): the qur'an, the sunnah, qiyas (analogy), and ijma' (scholarly consensus). There is a good modern translation. Kitab al-umm - his main surviving text on shafi'i fiqh Musnad ash-shafi'i (on hadith) - it is available with arrangement, arabic 'tartib', by ahmad ibn abd ar-rahman al-banna
Hadith, madhhab, fiqh in Al-Muwatta sunni islam Al-Mudawwana Al-Kubra
Works describing narrators of hadith
 another work." "the medium compendium" and the "large compendium" (AlTarikh Al-Kabīr. It Is The Biggest Record Of The Prophet’s Sunnah As It Includes Hanbal About 40 Thousand Hadiths Out Of 750 Thousand Hadiths That Imam Imaam Abu Abdullah Ahmad Had Knowledge About. The large compendium is published and well-identified. Hadith Madhhab Kitaab-ul-aathaar narrated by imaam muhammad al-shaybani – compiled Imam Abu Hanifah from a total of 70. And Al-Tarīkh Al-Awsaţ). Imam Ahmad Began Writing This Book After The Age Of 36. As-Sunnah (Arabic For Sunnah) Handles The Hadiths On Matters Of Belief. Hadith. Writings.000 hadith Imaam-E-Aazam Kitabul aathaar narrated by imaam abu yusuf Aalim wa'l-muta‘allim Fiqh al-akbar Musnad imaam ul a'zam Kitaabul rad alal qaadiriyah
Nu’maan Ibn Thabit Ibn Zuta Ibn Maah\ Ibn Marzubaan
Imaam Ahmed Ibn Muhammad Ibn Hanbal Ibn Hilaal Ibn As’ad Ibn Idrees Ibn Abdullah Ibn Hayyaan Ibn Abdullah Ibn Anas
Fiqh. Al-Wara` Wa Al-Iman (Arabic For Piety And Faith) Focuses On The Hadiths
Al-Musnad (The Authenticated) Is The Most Prominent Book Among His Imam Ahmad B. Akidah. Then there is a brief work on weak narrators: Al-Ḍu'afā AlṢaghīr. The brief compendium has yet to be found. Az-Zuhd (Arabic For Asceticism) Tackles The Hadiths And Narrations On The Subject Of Asceticism.Ismail Ibn Ibrahim Ibn AlMughirah Ibn Bardizbah AlBukhari
Bukhari wrote three works discussing narrators of hadith with respect to their ability in conveying their material: the "brief compendium of hadith narrators. Al-Tarīkh Al-Ṣaghīr. is on patronymics: identifying people who are commonly known as "father of so-and-so". The medium compendium was thought to be the brief collection and was published as such. al-kunā.
And Hadiths And Their Explanations. Medicine. author of first book on pediatrics. writing up limited or Ar-Razi extensive notes on diseases such as smallpox and chickenpox. Sheikh Al-Rayees Ibnu Khaldun
Abu Zayd ‘Abdur-Raḥman Bin Muḥammad Bin Khaldun AlḤaḍrami
Muqaddimah Al-Kitabul-ʻibar Lubābu L-Muhassal. Poetry. It Is In The Form Of Questions And Answers About Juristic Issues. Philosophy
The first to produce acids such as sulfuric acid. Physics.And Narrations Tackling Piety And Awareness Of Almighty Allah. Hujjat Al-Haq. The Canon Of Medicine Ibnu Sina Sharaf Al-Mulk. 7 Abu ʿAli AlḤusayn Ibn ʿAbd Allah Ibn Sina Medicine. A Commentary On The Islamic Theology Of Fakhr AlDin Al-Razi
The most quoted narrator of hadith
Abu Hurairah `Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi
Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Razi
Chemistry. making leading contributions in inorganic and organic chemistry. Biology.Science History And Sociology Economics The Book Of Healing. also the author of several philosophical works. a pioneer in ophthalmology. Fada’il As-Sahabah (Arabic For Virtues Of The Companions) Contains Almost 2000 Narrations About The Virtues Of The Prophet’s Companions. Chains Of Narrators. Islamic Theology (Kalam). Al-Masa’il (Arabic For Problems) Is In Fact A Book Compiled By Some Students Of Imam Ahmad And Two Of His Sons. Matters Of Belief. Logic. Physics.
He was first to give an account of operations for the extractions of the cataract and first to discuss pupilary reactions. He was the first person to use alcohol for medical purposes. (arabic tafsir al-
. He wrote a chapter on anatomy in kitab al-mansuri.. He wrote a number of books including al-hawi (comprehensive book) which contains greek syrian. generally known as the annals (tarikh altabari). 11 Abu Ja'far Muhammad Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari Medicine. He had the greatest position of scientist in islam and the medieval ages and could only be compared with ibn sina. He was the first person to note the differences between chicken pox and small pox. Mathematics. 21 are on chemistry and the rest are on physics. Al-judari-wa-al hasabah contains the first treatise on small pox and chicken pox. It was the largest medical encyclopedia. This is a universal history from the time of qur'anic creation to ad 915. and opthamology. He wrote the description about the spinal cord. Al-musamma jami al-bayan fi ta'wil al-qur'an or tafsir al-tabari (the commentary on the qur'an) His second great work was the commentary on the qur'an. Tabari's work is a major primary source for the zanj revolt. and ophthalmology. and is renowned for its detail and accuracy concerning muslim and middle eastern history.Ar-razi was a pioneer in many areas of medicine and treatment and the health sciences. Law. He greatly favored cure through correct and regulated foods. He was a pioneer in the fields of pediatrics. He made more than 200 scientific contributions in which on half of them are about medicine. He was a pioneer in health science. and early arabic medical knowledge. He was an expert surgeon. mathematics and astronomy. pedriatics. His writings on small pox and measles show originality and accuracy and his essay on infectious diseases was the first scientific treatise on the subject. History Tarikh al-rusul wa al-muluk or tarikh al-tabari (history of the prophets and At-Tabari kings) The first of the two large works. obstetrics. obstetrics.
It was used in compiling the tafsir ibn kathir. the caliph.tabari). He assisted a project to determine the circumference of the earth and in making a world map for al-Ma'mun. but scholars such as baghawi and suyuti used it largely. It also named as al-qifti which is a book of hadith printed in four volumes. 12 Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Musa AlKhwarizmi Mathematics. overseeing 70 geographers.
. The size of the work and the independence of judgment in it seem to have prevented it from having a large circulation. was principally responsible for spreading the indian system of numeration throughout the middle east and europe. led to the term "algorithm". And Cartography Al-khwārizmī's contributions to mathematics. and Al-Khawarizmi cartography established the basis for innovation in algebra and trigonometry. Astronomy. indian numbers. geography. Al-khwārizmī. a word derived from the title of his 830 book on the subject. Geography. and greek mathematics. Al-khafif fi ahkam syara’l al-islam. It was translated into latin as algoritmi de numero indorum. "the compendious book on calculation by completion and balancing" (Al-Kitab Al-Mukhtasar Fi Hisab Al-Jabr Wa'l-Muqabala) On the calculation with hindu numerals written about 825. Kitab zail al-muzayyal. astronomy. which discuss about fiqh and it is the summary of kitab al-latif. His systematic approach to solving linear and quadratic equations led to algebra. rendered as (latin) algoritmi. Tahzibul athar wa tafsil al-thabit “an rasulullah min al-akhbar”. which was marked by the same fullness of detail as the annals. Some of his work was based on persian and babylonian astronomy. in a juzuk which elaborate tarikh al-tabari detailly. He also wrote on mechanical devices like the astrolabe and sundial.
book of the kingdom. on which the world depended on for several centuries and until today.he explained in detail how to prepare arsenic. Astrology.he manufactured incombustible paper. book of the balances Jabir Ibnu Hayyan . Astronomy. Physics. . antimony. . . fusion and crystallization . but eccentric spheres are Ibnu Bajjah not excluded Avempace
Abu-Bakr Muhammad Ibn
Astronomer.first to evoke water gold. Anatomy
The first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood
History And Geography
Muruj Adh-Dhahab Wa Ma'adin Al-Jawhar (“The Meadows Of Gold And Al-Mas’udi Mines Of Gems”) At-Tanbih Wal-Ishraf ("Notification And Review")
Alchemy And Chemistry. and purification of metals and dyeing fabrics . .first to introduce the method of separation of (naoh) .discovered "caustic soda" or gatron Sufi) . Discovered a system in which no epicycles occur. Philosophy. which is the predominant mode to this day .13
Ala-Al-Din Abu Al-Hassan Ali Ibn Abi-Hazm Al-Qarshi AlDimashqi Abu Al-Hasan Ali Ibn Al-Husayn Ibn Ali AlMas'udi Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan
Medicine. Jaber also wrote so many books between two hundred and thirty-two and five hundred books (232-500). Medicine And Pharmacy. etc.introduced improvements to the evaporation methods of liquidation. . Philanthropist
Kitab al-kimya.he made some sort of paint that prevents iron rust .
. Philosopher. . Poet.the first to introduce the method of separating gold from silver solution by acids. book of eastern mercury. distillation. (Al-Barigi / Al-Azdi / Al-Kufi / Al-Tusi / Al.been able to prepare a lot of chemicals like hydrated mercury and arsenious oxide. Physician. Physicist. kitab al-sab'een.
Scientific Method. On The Configuration Of The World. Astronomy. And Introduced The Concepts Of Autodidacticism And Tabula Rasa Hayy Ibn Yaqdhan (Philosophus Autodidactus)
. and he wrote many other essays on sensations and imaginations. 1000). Islamic Medicine
Book Of Optics. And To The Scientific Method Early Islamic Philosophy. NonPtolemaic Astronomy. He concluded that "knowledge cannot be acquired by senses alone but by active intelligence. Treatise On Light. Treatise On Place. Experimental Physics. Experimental Science. Which Was Also The First Novel To Depict Desert Island. Celestial Mechanics
Ibnu Haitham Alhacen
Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Malik Ibn Muhammad Ibn Tufail Al-Qaisi Al-Andalusi
Wrote The First Philosophical Novel. Philosophy. Literature. he wrote that active intelligence is the most important ability of human beings. Astronomy. Analytic Geometry. which is the governing intelligence of nature. was a handbook of astronomical tables which contained very accurate observations. Poetry
Kitab Bulugh Al-Umniyya ("On The Attainment Of Desire") Al-Zij Al-Kabir Al-Hakimi (c. many of which may have been obtained with very large astronomical instruments Pendulum
Abu ʿalī AlḤasan Ibn AlḤasan Ibn AlHaytham
Abu Al-Hasan 'Ali Ibn 'Abd AlRahman Ibn Ahmad Ibn Yunus Al-Sadafi Al-Misri
Astrology. Visual Perception. The Model Of The Motions. Kalam. Doubts Concerning Ptolemy. Visual Perception. Feral Child And Coming Of Age Plots. Mathematics. Ophthalmology. Experimental Psychology.Yahya Ibn AlSayigh
Scientist Avempace's theory of motion Recognition of the active intelligence.
and understanding and analysis of the prophetic traditions (fiqh-us sunnah): Zad Al-Ma'ad (provision of the hereafter) Al-Waabil Sayyib Minal Kalim Tayyib – a commentary on hadith about prophet yahya ibn zakariyya. I'laam Ul Muwaqqi'een 'An Rabb Il 'Aalameen (information for those who write on behalf of the lord of the worlds) Tahthib Sunan Abi Da'ud Madaarij saalikeen which is a rearrangement of the book by Shaikh Abu
Ala Al-Din Abu'lHasan Ali Ibn Ibrahim Ibn AlShatir
Astronomer. These compendia later became popular in renaissance europe. a multi-purpose astronomical instrument. His compendium featured an alhidade and polar sundial among other things. The fragments of this sundial in a damascus museum make this the oldest polar-axis sundial still in existence.
Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr
Sciences Of Hadith And Fiqh. And A Critic Of Alchemy And Astrology
Ibn qayyim al-jawziyyah's contributions to the islamic library are extensive. was first constructed by ibn al-shatir. Engineer And Inventor
Kitab Nihayat Al-Suʾal Fi Taṣḥiḥ Al-ʾuṣul (“The Final Quest Concerning The Rectification Of Principles”) Polar-axis sundial Ibn al-shatir constructed a magnificent sundial for the minaret of the umayyad mosque in damascus which gave both seasonal and equinoctial hours. Ibnu Qayyim and they particularly deal with the qur'anic commentaries. Mathematician. Time keeping device He devised a timekeeping device incorporating both a universal sundial and a magnetic compass. The compendium. Astronomer And Chemist.
Logic. Astronomer And Translator Book of the ten treatises of the eye Hunayn Ibnu Ishaq
Al-Ṣabiʾ Thabit Ibn Qurra AlḤarrani Abu Yusuf Yaʻqub Ibn ʼisḥaq AṣṢabbaḥ Al-Kindi
Ibn qurra made important discoveries in algebra. logic (nine books). Physician.Ismail Al-Ansari Al-Harawi Al-Sufi. Introducing indian numerals to the islamic and christian world Al-kindi wrote at least two hundred and sixty books. Religion. and in mechanics he was a founder of statics. Ophthalmology. Astrology
Abu Al-Qasim Khalaf Ibn AlAbbas AlZahrawi
Surgery. and physics (twelve books) Founder of modern surgical and medical instruments. Manazil-U Sa'ireen (stations of the seekers) 22 Hunayn Ibnu Ishaq Translation. Philosophy. contributing heavily to geometry (thirty-two books). medicine and philosophy (twenty-two books each). Mathematics.Af Ibnu Abbas AlZahraawi Al-Kindi
Islamic Theology (Kalam). Medicine. thabit is considered one of the first reformers of the ptolemaic system. father of surgery Abu Qassim Khal. Medicine And Physician
. geometry and Thabit Ibnu Qurah astronomy. Arabic Grammar Mathematician. In astronomy. Philosophy.