LIFE – NATURE 2002
“CONSERVATION ACTIONS FOR GYPAETUS BARBATUS AND BIODIVERSITY IN CRETE”
Ref. No.: LIFE02/NAT/GR/8492
EVALUATION REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE “CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF VULTURE POPULATIONS”
♦ Dr Michalis Probonas, Public Awareness Coordinator, N.H.M.C. ♦ Dr Stavros Xirouchakis, Scientific Coordinator, N.H.M.C.
NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF CRETE UNIVERSITY OF CRETE
EUROPEAN COMMISSION DG ENVIRONMENT
REGION OF CRETE FORESTRY DEPARTMENT
PAGE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. INTRODUCTION PROGRAMME OF THE CONFERENCE PARTICIPANTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE LECTURES AND POSTERS OF THE CONFERENCE CONCLUSIONS OF THE CONFERENCE 1 1 5 5 16 20 35
APPENDIX A: LIST OF PARTICIPANTS APPENDIX B: PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE CONFERENCE
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE: «CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF VULTURE POPULATIONS»
The environmental organisation WWF Greece and the Natural History Museum of the University of Crete (N.H.M.C.) have jointly organised the International Conference on the “Conservation and Management of Vulture Populations”, which took place at the conference facilities of Hotel “Makedonia Palace”, in Thessaloniki, Greece, during the period 14-16 November 2005. The conference was organised in the framework of the LIFE-NATURE projects that each of the aforementioned organisers is implementing (“Protection of Birds of Prey in the Dadia Forest Reserve” [LIFE02NAT/GR/8497] and “Conservation Actions for Gypaetus barbatus and Biodiversity in Crete” [LIFE02NAT/GR/8492], respectively), and was co-funded by the European Commission. The primary aim of this conference was to attempt an evaluation of the up-to-date research and management work on the European vulture species and how this work has contributed to their conservation. The secondary aim was to provide researchers and conservationists from South-eastern Europe a first-rate opportunity to benefit from sharing experiences on know-how and practical management tools that will greatly facilitate their scientific and conservation work. A relevant posters’ exhibition took also place during the 3-days’ conference, with more than twenty (20) posters being presented there. In addition, the 5th Annual Meeting of the European Griffon Vulture Working Group (EGVWG) was organised in the framework of the conference, since most members of the EGVWG actually participated in the conference. The aforementioned event took place on Wednesday, 16 November 2005, in the morning (09.30-13.30). After the end of the conference, an excursion to the National Park of Dadia – Lefkimi – Soufli Forest was organised, with great participation (16-19/11/2005).
Programme of the Conference
The programme of the conference was divided in the following seven sessions: 1. Monitoring Systems. 2. Artificial Feeding. 3. Habitat Modelling. 4. Population Dynamics. 5. Reintroduction Projects. 6. Conservation Genetics. 7. LIFE Projects: Specific Studies. At the end of each day’s session an extended discussion occurred, while at the end of the conference a thorough discussion took place among participants and a text with the final conclusions was produced. 1
The final programme of the conference can be seen hereafter. DATE TIME LECTURES MONDAY, 14/11/2005
REGISTRATION OPENING SPEECHES The Design and Implementation of Telemetry Studies: Applications in Vulture Species Dr. OFER BAHAT, Department of Environmental Science and Chemistry, University of Indianapolis, Mar-Elias Campus, Ibillin, Israel Possibilities and Limitations of Biotelemetry and Radiotracking Techniques in Vultures Species Dr. RALF BOEGEL, EGVWG, Germany Effect of Monitoring Frequency and Date on Estimates of Abundance and Productivity of Colonial Black Vultures in Spain JAVIER DE LA PUENTE, SEO/BirdLife, Spain COFFEE BREAK Supplementary Feeding Programs: How necessary are they for the maintenance of numerous and healthy vultures populations Prof. STEVEN PIPER, Ornithological Support Service, South Africa Food Exploitation by Griffon Vultures: The effect of vulture restaurants in Spain ALVARO CAMIÑA, ACRENA, Spain DISCUSSION Ecological Requirements of Reintroduced Species and the Implications for Release Policy: The case of the Bearded Vulture Dr. RAPHAËL ARLETTAZ, University of Bern, Switzerland Modelling Vulture Habitats in the Caucasus MICHAEL McGRADY, Natural Research, Ltd., Austria Habitat Modelling for Black Vulture Aegypius monachus L. in Cabañeros National Park JOSÉ JIMÉNEZ GARCÍA-HERRERA, Director of Cabañeros National Park, Spain Habitat Modelling of the Bearded Vulture: Feasibility study for the Andalucian reintroduction project JOSÉ M. PADIAL, Fundación Gypaetus, Spain Dynamic of Restored Populations of Griffon Vultures in Southern France Dr. FRANCOIS SARRAZIN, Lab. Conservation des Espèces, Restauration et Suivi des Populations, France Population Viability Analysis of Eurasian Griffon in Croatia GORDANA PAVOKOVIC, Eco-center “Caput InsulaeBeli”, Croatia DISCUSSION
SESSION: MONITORING SYSTEMS 08:30-09:30 09:30-10:30 10:30-10:50
SESSION: ARTIFICIAL FEEDING
SESSION: HABITAT MODELLING 16:00-16:20
SESSION: POPULATION DYNAMICS
Reintroduction Programmes for Vultures Prof. France Actions for the Reintroduction of the Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) in Andalusia SERGIO COUTO. 16/11/2005 MORNING
5th Annual Meeting of the European Griffon Vulture Working Group (EGVWG) Departure for the excursion to National Park of Dadia-LefkimiSoufli Forest. Greece DISCUSSION Radio-Telemetry of a Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) Population in the Dadia National Park and Adjacent Regions: Methodology and Preliminary Results DIMITRIS VASILAKIS.DATE
LECTURES TUESDAY. WWF Greece-Dadia Project. Fundación Gypaetus. Italy COFFEE BREAK Genetics of restored populations of Griffon Vulture in France and Europe PASCALINE LE GOUAR. Spain The Status of Griffon Vulture in Italy FULVIO GENERO. Greece DISCUSSION – CONCLUSIONS
SESSION: REINTRODUCTION PROJECTS
10:40-11:00 11:00-11:45 11:45-12:05
SESSION: CONSERVATION GENETICS
SESSION: LIFE PROJECTS: SPECIFIC STUDIES 16:00-16:20
WEDNESDAY. Greece Evaluation of the Use of Mini-Cameras in Nest Monitoring of the Bearded Vulture in Crete COSTAS GRIVAS. Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Restoration and Monitoring of Populations” (MNHN/CNRS/UPMC). Greece: Preliminary results CARLOS RUIZ. France Using Microsatellite Markers to Infer the Genetic Structure of Aegypius monachus (Aves: Accipitridae) ARIS PARMAKELIS. University of Crete – Natural History Museum of Crete. Paris. University of Crete – Natural History Museum of Crete. Riserva Naturale del Lago di Cornino. Evros Prefecture
. WWF Greece-Dadia Project. Ligue Française pour la Protection des Oiseaux. HOUSTON. Research Unity of “Species Conservation. UK Long-Term Reintroduction Projects of Griffon and Black Vultures in France MICHEL TERRASSE. University of Crete – Natural History Museum of Crete. Greece The Genetic Structure of the Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) Population in Crete ARIS PARMAKELIS. Greece Impact of Wind Farms on Birds in Evros and Rhodopi. Glasgow University. Greece Discrimination of the Sex in the Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus Using Morphometric Techniques JAVIER ELORRIAGA. WWF Greece-Dadia Project. DAVID C.
Meal in the Women Association. Arrival in Tichero’s village at Hotel “Thrassa”. 18/11/2005
Departure to Evros’ Delta and visit to the Information Centre at the village of Loutra. Presentation of organizers (video shows) concerning the actions of the two “LIFE Projects” of Crete and Dadia and discussion at the coffee room of the hotel. 16/11/2005
16:00 21:00 21:30 Depart from Thessaloniki. which is placed into the forest. Coffee break in the Ecotouristic Centre of Dadia. according to the available material from participants. Visit to the Information Centre of Dadia – videos’ or DVDs shows from other regions with vultures. Dinner in the Ecotouristic Centre of Dadia.
. Slide presentation and guiding around the Information Centre by the staff of the National Park of Evros’ Delta. Return in the hotel and relaxing. Return to the hotel and relaxing. 19/11/2005
Departure of participants. 17/11/2005
08:30-11:00 11:00-11:30 11:30-14:00 Departure from the hotel to the Ecotouristic Centre of Dadia’s village and visit to the Observatory. Dinner at the restaurant of the Ecotouristic Centre of Tichero (5 min walk from the hotel). Guided tour inside the area of Evros’ Delta (by mini-bus and/or boats) Meal at the restaurant of “Women Cooperation of Loutra”.
14:00-16:00 16:00-17:30 17:30-20:00
20:00 08:30-09:00 09:00-09:45 09:45-14:00 14:00-16:00 16:00-18:00 18:00-20:30
Friday.The final programme of the excursion to the National Park of Dadia – Lefkimi – Soufli Forest (Prefecture of Evros) was the following:
Programme of the Excursion in Dadia
Wednesday. Dinner in a tavern at the village of Lefkimi. Guided tour to the Forest with a little trekking through some characteristic nesting sites of the Black Vulture and with a panoramic view of the National Park.
mostly when tagging relatively small sized vulture species. results in foraging over extremely large areas. Secondly. Nevertheless. RALF BOEGEL: “Possibilities and Limitations of Biotelemetry and Radio-tracking Techniques in Vultures Species” The presentation was focused on the possibilities and limitation of telemetry techniques available nowadays.e.3. Important considerations related to vultures radio-tracking are the weight of a transmitter and harness and its possible effect on the wing loading of a species. Consequently. M. A basic type of information obtained by radio-tracking vultures is their presence at a certain geographical area or site.e. Parmakelis) as invited speakers. The radio-tracking project should be designed first to answer the biological questions or the aims of the management scheme. biotelemetry and radio-tracking procedures. while the last two persons (i. and certain species are obligatory scavengers. On behalf of the Natural History Museum of Crete. All methodological aspects like adequate transmitter fixation. Dr. but also invited speakers came from South Africa. Vultures are distinguished carcass eating birds. OFER BAHAT: “The Design and Implementation of Telemetry Studies: Applications in Vulture Species” Radio telemetry is a common tool in the study and conservation of birds of prey since the early 1970’s. Xirouchakis) participated as organisers and co-chairs of different sessions of the conference. Dr Stavros Xirouchakis. Physiological data on vultures are also obtained by using radio-telemetry.
Lectures and Posters of the Conference
The main arguments and data of the lectures can be overviewed hereafter: Dr. mostly by implanting temperature and heart-rate measuring transmitters. it should meet the requirements of conservation and give information for management policies and activities when needed. tracking vultures with the use of conventional radio-telemetry may be extremely difficult. One major obstacle in radio tagging vultures is their capture and recapture. The list of participants. The invited speakers were 21 – most of them from Europe. Probonas and S. foreigners and Greek participants – can be overviewed in Appendix A. This should be carefully examined. which is based on unpredictable food. divided in 3 categories – invited speakers. this unique diet. As a result. Mr Costas Grivas and Mr Aris Parmakelis. 5
. A strong focus was on the applicability under field conditions and the suitability for monitoring of Vulture species. radio-telemetry is a very important technique to collect various data as part of vulture studies or management and conservation programs. The first two persons (i. the extra drag it produces and its effect on the flight efficiency. the following persons participated: Dr Michalis Probonas. Grivas and A.
4. Israel and Croatia.
Participants of the International Conference
At the International Conference on the “Conservation and Management of Vulture Populations” participated in total 125 persons – 36 foreigners and 89 Greeks. C. and the tag shape. which needs special expertise and experience to avoid damage or extensive stress to the birds.
which would not otherwise be made available. the operators of vulture restaurants often loose their initial enthusiasm and the supplementary feeding programme is discontinued. and vulture restaurants can be used to attract birds to a safe area and so prevent them from going into areas dangerous to them. a group of 89 pairs (73 breeding and 16 nonbreeding) was monitored in subsequent years 2004 and 2005 every fortnight from the start of February until the end of September. Also. and used to obtain population estimates. the design of the censuses for the species (number of visits.) has been based on the opinion of experts but without adequate. The Black Vulture is a threatened species throughout most of its range in Europe. vulture restaurants can be a useful eco-tourism tool. vulture restaurants placed too close to power-lines may cause
. JAVIER DE LA PUENTE: “Effect of Monitoring Frequency and Date on Estimates of Abundance and Productivity of Colonial Black Vultures in Spain” The set-up of a census to obtain a size of population and reproductive data for a particular species is considered a fundamental part of the basic information for its conservation. conservationists have suggested that there are 13 disadvantages associated with vulture restaurants: vultures can become habituated and so loose their ability to forage naturally. breeding data and correction factors.e. poison-free food can be provided at a vulture restaurant. carnivores feared by stock farmers). STEVEN PIPER: “Supplementary Feeding Programs: How necessary are they for the maintenance of numerous and healthy vultures populations” Supplementary feeding programmes (also called vulture restaurants) to ensure the survival of healthy and viable vulture populations have been motivated and employed for nearly 40 years. vulture restaurants are important tools for raising awareness among farmers and landowners. etc.and data viewing and analyses are covered and discussed in the context of the scientific questions to be addressed. its monitoring varying temporally and geographically within areas. Therefore. optional sensors. Nevertheless. vultures may be attracted to stock drinking troughs near a vulture restaurant and when they foul them this causes annoyance. fledging and breeding failure has been used. On the other hand. information obtained over eight years on the laying date. In this work. dates. additional food supplements (e. Prof. vulture restaurant can attract problem animals (i. correctly analysed information to back it up. unfenced vulture restaurants can be a source of osteophagy among domestic stock. among some stock farmers there is a fear that vulture restaurants could be a place where disease is spread. satellite tracking (including ARGOS and GPS-based location approaches) were presented. a vulture restaurant can be located in a safe place. hatching. calcium in bone fragments) can be made available. maintaining a regular food supply can be problematic. Techniques such as VHF technologies. detailed information about the monitoring of a large colony that contains 5% of the Spanish population was presented. These programmes have been motivated using one or more of seven main arguments: vulture restaurants may provide extra food. in order to analyse the detectability of pairs in the colony and chicks in the nests. especially cattle.g. All the relevant results were analysed and discussed. vulture restaurants may be established for financial gain (for eco-tourism) and this may attract criticism from animal rights groups.
All the aforementioned factors were discussed in depth during the presentation.g. to colonize the most suitable habitats first. has been analysed in a vast area from Northern Spain. can lead to a build up of non-target species. Some feeding sites were not used from November to April with great amounts of carcasses accumulated without being consumed. This area harbours no release site. The model explained a 65. On the other side a feeding site in Central-southern Spain revealed that large amount of juveniles gathered there for wintering with a lower use by breeding birds. or a continuous supply.g.). mainly by the Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) and other carrion eating birds. Bearded vultures were extirpated from the European Alps about a century ago. ALVARO CAMIÑA: “Food Exploitation by Griffon Vultures: The effect of vulture restaurants in Spain” The use of existing feeding sites (muladares). Dr. Adult birds rarely increased above the 50% of the birds present. the distance to the colony and the average colony size on a 15 km radius around the muladar were the only considered variables. extensive farming). an over-supply. distances to colonies. Immatures were scarce during laying and incubation periods (January-April) but greatly increased in May. ravens. resulting in a clumped occurrence of the first breeding pairs within three main zones that do not necessarily coincide with release areas. sodium diclofenac etc. During the prospecting phase (1987–94. up to 2003. This could suggest different strategies on food exploitation according to different food sources available (intensive vs. if sufficiently mobile. mostly immature birds). The overall number of griffons attending changed throughout the year (months) with a peak in June and lower use in January. Subsequent dispersion throughout the range has been far from homogeneous. An international reintroduction programme using birds reared in captivity was launched in 1986. the presence of birds (mostly
. e. lead.vultures to be killed. the most important variable explaining bearded vulture distribution was ibex biomass. Number of immatures. and vulture restaurants are regarded as unnatural. Information drawn from the individuals released first might thus be essential for optimising species’ policy as reintroductions proceed. 121 individuals had been released at four different locations. too many visitors at a vulture restaurant can cause disturbance. RAPHAËL ARLETTAZ: “Ecological Requirements of Reintroduced Species and the Implications for Release Policy: The case of the Bearded Vulture” Species undergoing reintroduction offer a unique opportunity for clarifying their specific niche requirements because they are likely. a geographical information system (GIS) analysis of bearded vulture sightings collected in Valais (Swiss Alps) from 1987 to 2001 was performed. is situated in the core of the Alpine range and has been visited by birds from all four release points.23% of the variance. the Mountains of Sistema Ibérico that extends over more than 200 km wide. In order to discern ecological requirements. GLM models considering the amount of food available at the feeding site. numbers and ages of vultures present. During the settling phase (1995–2001). carcasses may contain poisons (e. The analysis also considered livestock density and forest cover on the estimated colony foraging range. Juveniles started appearing just after fledgling in July with higher numbers during August and September. presence of other species and climatic variables were developed.
and positively correlated with elevation. and predation. followed by griffon vultures. was situated in rugged terrain away from unprotected and populated areas and was relatively dry. and predation was negatively correlated with road network density. we suggest that population restoration would be more efficient if releases were concentrated within large limestone massifs. number of wild goats. The probability that cinereous vultures would feed at a carcass was negatively correlated with annual rainfall. the probability that bearded vultures would feed at a carcass was positively correlated with area steepness around the carcass. The probability that griffon vultures would feed at a carcass was positively correlated with proximity to populated areas. Besides. direct human approach. the sooner bearded vultures fed at it. The probability that all three species would land and eat a carcass was positively correlated with the extent of visibility around the carcass. direct human approach. these findings might explain both the current distribution of the subadult / adult population and the absence of breeding records for bearded vultures around release sites in landscapes dominated by silicate substrates. Limestone landscapes. The farther from the nearest populated area the carcass was. and negatively correlated with road network density. and annual biomass of dead livestock. limestone substrates provide the best thermal conditions for soaring.maturing subadults) correlated essentially with limestone substrates. The smaller the carcass and farther from the nearest populated area and bearded vulture nest. then bearded vultures.
. As for cinereous vulture. The larger the carcass and farther from the nearest point of roads. The probability of bearded vulture occupancy of a cliff ledge that was safe from climatic adversity. The probability of a safe cliff ledge being occupied by griffon vulture was negatively correlated with annual rainfall. the best model suggested that in Georgia a 20 x 20-m plot was more likely to contain a cinereous vulture nest if the slope was > 30o and faced north rather than south. also provide essential finely structured screes that are used for bone breaking and temporary food storage. Identification of potential nest-sites was based on the cover they offered from climatic adversity. cinereous and bearded vultures to carcass appearance showed that cinereous vultures were the first to arrive at a carcass. and positively correlated with the percentage of open areas. particularly during chick rearing. the sooner griffon vultures fed at it. area steepness. in contrast to silicate substrates. the sooner cinereous vultures fed at it. and positively correlated with the percentage of open areas and annual biomass of dead livestock. The selection of craggy limestone zones by maturing bearded vultures might reflect nesting sites that are well protected against adverse weather. As reintroduced bearded vultures tend to be philopatric. Finally. MICHAEL McGRADY: “Modelling Vulture Habitats in the Caucasus” Nest-site selection was examined by comparing habitat variables at nest-sites occupied by vultures with those at potential but unoccupied sites. as egg laying takes place in the winter. area steepness and the percentage of open areas. while food abundance became secondary. This case study of the bearded vulture illustrates the need for continual adaptive management in captive release programmes. Predictive models of nesting site selection were estimated using the logistic regression procedure. The study of habitat variables influencing the response of griffon. percentage of open areas. Extrapolated to the whole Alpine range.
Navacelles. GIS (Arcview and IDRISI) were used to obtain digital models for Andalusia.JOSÉ JIMÉNEZ GARCÍA-HERRERA: “Habitat Modelling for Black Vulture Aegypius monachus L. topographic irregularity. considering their contribution to the variable response and the real possibility of managing them as well. and not easily of the nesting areas. The explanation given is that according to the model. This monitoring based on marked individuals and breeding pairs allowed us to understand the demographic processes underlying this restoration. Their distribution and spatial evolution have been analysed by applying geographical information systems (GIS) descriptor techniques and also statistical techniques. The number of breeding pairs increased from 62 in 1988 to 144 in 2004. Thus. discussing about which are the predictor variables that we can manage efficiently. in Cabañeros National Park” The evolution of the black vulture in the Cabañeros National Park (CNP) was reviewed. With these results. Dr.5 (among these. all of them also included in the proposal of Important Communitarian Sites and declared Zones of Special Protection of Birds. eight protected areas. The model was considered valid since it predicted the 70% of the new breeding sites with a probability >0. We employ the statistical modelling as an interface to raise the specie conservation. we selected protected areas with probed historical presence only. Verdon and Vercors) have been monitored over the last decades. What we conclude with these results is that a possible increment of the population inside the Park would mean necessarily an increment in the nest density. We overlapped the coverage of probability (≥0. were considered potentially suitable for reintroduction programs. The result was a map that included exclusively those cliffs with the highest probabilities to be selected. These areas were then surveyed for evaluating their feasibility for the reintroduction. a modelling of the regional breeding habitat was performed. Among these. PADIAL: “Habitat Modelling of the Bearded Vulture: Feasibility study for the Andalucian reintroduction project” Suitable Andalusian breeding sites were modelled through a GLM resulted of the analysis of the Pyrenean population. reproduction and dispersal were estimated in an integrated and comparative approach to assess the natural dynamics of Griffon vulture populations. The model selected four variables: altitude. FRANCOIS SARRAZIN: “Dynamic of Restored Populations of Griffon Vultures in Southern France” The restoration of Griffon vulture populations has been particularly efficient in Southern France where a natural population in the Pyrenees (Ossau Valley) and five reintroduction programmes (Causses. Survival. We tested the model by adding new nest sites in a different geographical context without including distance to neighbouring pairs because we tried to determine environmental variables only. JOSÉ M. distance to village and distance to the nearest neighbouring breeding pair. not considering those couples that nested outside CNP. the short and long term effects of reintroductions on these dynamics and
. the total potential area is already occupied. The areas coincided with the main mountain ranges of South and East Andalusia. Baronnies. 80% was selected with a probability >0.7). hence areas not included simultaneously by both received null value.8) and slope (>50º).
and these allow us to consider which are the most important factors to consider if reintroductions are likely to succeed. Simulation of Vortex is a heuristic tool. These will be reviewed in relation to their relevance for vulture projects. The risk of population decline within the next 25 and 50 years was assessed. a simulation-modelling programme was used as a tool to explore the effects of deterministic forces as well as demographic. GORDANA PAVOKOVIC: “Population Viability Analysis of Eurasian Griffon in Croatia” Vortex. Prof. Generally. Population dynamics were investigated using structured population models. it is projecting stochastically the interactions of the many parameters that enter into the model and because of the random processes involved in nature. the simulation results show that the risk of extinction greatly depends on the survival rate. The mortality agents acting on vulture populations are often quite unexpected. This population model includes variability in survival for four age classes. Vultures have extremely extensive foraging behaviour. Model was assessed based on data from field surveys preformed monthly (from 1995 to 2004) on the Island of Cres and other Kvarner islands and on data on resightings and recoveries of marked/ringed birds (from 1990 to 2003). and effects of changes in mortality and reproduction. and the management of birds once released. and if these are not fully understood can lead to a low probability of self-supporting populations becoming established. Some of the best examples of successful bird reintroductions come from vulture projects. This can expose them to a wide range of environmental hazards. Fortunately there is considerable data from the reintroduction programmes for the California Condor in America and the European Griffon and Bearded Vulture in Europe. and five different scenarios that examined catastrophes. The model appeared to make reasonable predictions for the Griffon vulture population. It is becoming apparent that the major challenge is probably in the selection of suitable release sites. HOUSTON: “Reintroduction Programmes for Vultures” In recent years there has been an increasing recognition of the role that reintroduction programmes can play in species conservation. Dispersal was studied using both genetic and demographic approaches. environmental stochastic events on Eurasian Griffon population in Croatia. Population model was subjected to basic scenario. DAVID C. out of which two scenarios were examined in two versions. Feather or blood samples were collected on more than 850 wild born or released individuals to allow molecular sexing. These samples were combined with biometric measurement. Survival analyses involved combination of capture-mark-resightings and recoveries in multistate models to account for ring losses. reductions in the population growth rate and frequencies of catastrophes. demographic stochasticity.their likely regulation through density dependence. using the most realistic data. and extremely difficult to predict. Breeding parameters were estimated in each population through regular monitoring during the breeding season and GLM analyses. Detailed monitoring of
. with frequencies of catastrophic events of 10% and 30%. carrying capacity. There may be fundamental features of the biology of these scavenging birds that make them particularly suitable for this management technique. IUCN has developed international recommendations on the procedures that should be followed before any species reintroduction programmes are planned. reproductive rates.
the situation of the four vulture species (Gyps fulvus. to improve habitat quality. The role of supplementary feeding of released birds is also badly in need of more serious study. (2) captive breeding. power lines. To help the return of this species to its former breeding territories. search for poison bats by trained dogs. The Andalusian Environmental Ministry together with the Gypaetus Foundation is now working on 61 actions against poisoning. where this species inhabited until the Eighties. to educate the general public and to secure the availability of food for the birds. Moreover. (4) environmental education. In the past its distribution was much wider and covered almost all mountainous areas of Sicily and Sardinia.e. (5) release of exemplars and restoration of the population. illegal hunting). illegal poisoning. other similar programmes started in the 1990’s in the Southern Alps. but also gives essential information for the conservation of wild populations. but there may also be serious disadvantages if it prevents the development of natural normal foraging behaviour in released birds. the Andalusian Environmental Ministry and the Small Farmers and Stockbreeders Association. There are obvious advantages to this technique. the war against poisoning is now very intense in Andalusia. a reintroduction programme began in the south of Massif Central (Grands Causses) for the Griffon vultures. From 1900 onwards the only nesting population was confined to Sardinia and roughly 100-150 individuals frequented the eastern Alps during the summer months. fine and application of disciplinary measures for illegal activities. Since the 1970’s. (3) removal or control of past and present dangers for the species survival (i. The most relevant are: analysis the distribution of poisoning activities. Current partners of the Life are Andalusian Hunting Federation. Poisoning and power lines are major threats for the survival of these specimens. All actions will be the result of the multiple join efforts that Andalusian Regional Government and Gypaetus Foundation have been developing since 1996. SERGIO COUTO: “Actions for the Reintroduction of the Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) in Andalusia” The European Life project "04NAT/ES/000056" has the goal of establishing a viable population of the endangered bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) in Southern Spain. extinct from these regions since the end of the 19th century.released birds is not only essential in order to identify the hazards that may face released birds. control of the distribution of chemical substances used as poison. Power lines have been studied to propose management measures. The success of all these programmes encouraged us to go further and to prepare the reintroduction of the Black vulture. but particularly from 1981. Neophron percnopterus and Gypaetus barbatus). It was said to nest in
. MICHEL TERRASSE: “Long-Term Reintroduction Projects of Griffon and Black Vultures in France” After 40 years of intensive conservation work to prevent destruction (shooting and poisoning). FULVIO GENERO: “The Status of Griffon Vulture in Italy” The Griffon is extinct in most of Italy. The project has five main working lines (following IUCN guidelines) that should allow this reintroduction: (1) assessment of habitat feasibility. shows an overall positive trend in France. Aegypius monachus.
Moreover. Israel and Croatia) that are spatially fragmented around the Mediterranean basin was investigated. Samples were collected from 6 different countries representing most of the species distribution and genotyped for 8 microsatellite loci originally developed for 2 other vulture species. The genetic characteristics of three founder groups of reintroduction programs in French Alps and one settled reintroduced colony in France (Causses) was then assessed. in Sicily and in the Pollino National Park were also presented. the genetic diversity and structure of three native colonies (French Pyrenees. Using ten microsatellite markers. In the eastern Alps a conservation project was started at the end of the 1990s with the aim of consolidating the species’ presence in the Alps and creating nesting colonies. use of poisoned baits and modernisation of stock-rearing and veterinary practices. It requires to diagnose the genetic status of remnant populations and to consider genetics in both pre-release and postrelease phases to optimise reintroduction success. with 60 individuals present during winter and 100 during summer that frequent a wide area that includes the Austrian and Slovene Alps. Genetic differentiation between pairs of populations was statistically significant for most of the analysed populations. The colony exercised considerable attraction for birds summering in the Alps and their numbers have since increased to reach a level of 50 to 60 individuals present at any time. The results of the genetic analysis were discussed more thoroughly. The lecture was focused on the genetic of these restored populations. Between 1992 and 1999 a total of 60 individuals were released with the first nesting in 1996. we employ nuclear molecular markers (microsatellites) in an attempt to investigate the population status and the current genetic diversity for most of the species populations. There are five or six ongoing conservation projects in Italy. while its presence in the Apennines is testified in historic documents and seems probable on the basis of the species ecological and faunistic requirements – but not beyond the 17th century.Alpine areas until the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century. We obtained medium to high Fst values that correspond to the geographic distances of the populations under study. the long term post release genetic monitoring of reintroduced population allows improving our knowledge of species biology. Patterns of population structure were investigated using a Bayesian clustering approach that revealed the uppermost hierarchical level of population structure while subsequent analyses of the defined subsets allowed finding
. Results indicate that most of the analysed populations departed from HW equilibrium as a result of significant heterozygote deficiency. PASCALINE LE GOUAR: « Genetics of restored populations of Griffon Vulture in France and Europe” Demographic and genetic studies were run to assess and understand the success of reintroduction programmes for Griffon Vultures in South France. ARIS PARMAKELIS: “Using Microsatellite Markers to Infer the Genetic Structure of Aegypius monachus (Aves: Accipitridae)” Considering the severe decline that populations of the Black vulture (Aegypius monachus) have experienced during the last century. The aims of genetic restoration are to preserve evolutionary potential of species. The general decline in the species can be attributed to human persecution. The reintroduction projects in the Apennines (the Nature Reserve of Mount Velino). The current population is roughly 15 pairs.
4 in 2004. using a walk-in cage and transmitters were attached to them as backpacks using a Teflon® ribbon harness. Many ornithological studies require a field technique for immediate sex identification. Further investigation of these populations is required in order to draw any conclusions about future conservation practices. techniques for in-hand sex determination based on the species biometry have been proposed. DIMITRIS VASILAKIS: “Radio-Telemetry of a Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) Population in the Dadia National Park and Adjacent Regions: Methodology and Preliminary Results” The Eurasian Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) is listed as globally near-threatened and considered as rare in Europe and endangered in Greece. different authors consider that sexual-size differences in the Cinereous Vulture are not significant due to the high degree of
. Greece is the only Balkan country holding a breeding population. In many bird species. The development of molecular techniques based on DNA analyses allows researchers to identify the sex of birds in a highly accurate way. Although the existence of slight “reversed size dimorphism” among European vultures is nowadays accepted. Bayesian approach identifies the two populations clearly and exact tests showed significant differentiation between them. the supplementary feeding and the public awareness. Twelve vultures were trapped outside the breeding season. Phylogenetic trees were reconstructed with the use of Neighbour Joining method with genetic distances DAS and Dc.the within-group genetic structure. An understanding of the active range use and movement patterns that have been developed by this population could be essential for its future management and conservation in a larger scale. c) identifying areas of special importance. All conservation efforts so far were focused on the protection of the species breeding habitat. and d) identifying causes of mortality. JAVIER ELORRIAGA: “Discrimination of the Sex in the Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus Using Morphometric Techniques” Sex identification of birds is essential as base of ecological research and conservation. ARIS PARMAKELIS: “The Genetic Structure of the Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) Population in Crete” European populations of bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) have experienced a severe decline during the last century. The study was an attempt to investigate the population status and the current genetic diversity of the population in Crete. The results indicate that the Cretan population is divided into two subpopulations. and 1 in 2005). Catering to this need a telemetry project has been applied in the DNP and the adjacent regions. located in the Dadia National Park (DNP). b) revealing range use patterns. Fifteen samples from Crete population were molecularly sexed and genotyped for eight microsatellite loci. (7 in 2003. The conservation of this population is one of the central subjects of interest in the Park management. This project aimed at facilitating the management and the conservation of the species by: a) determining home range size. We obtained medium to high Fst values between the populations that indicate a low gene flow between them. molecular sexing requires a considerable economical inversion on laboratories and frequently a long time of waiting between sampling and sex determination. Nevertheless.
focused in: (1) death of birds through collision with the turbines. The study was based on a sample of 32 free-living Cinereous Vultures from which 16 biometric measurements (variables) were collected. In this study the impact of two wind farms in raptor community in northeastern Greece was presented. etc. The wind farms can be considered as “green” energy but in some cases. the available data on this subject are scarce. could lead – at a second stage – in the rescue of the second chick from a problematic nest and the establishment of breeding pairs in captivity. included the intense and systematic monitoring of two active Bearded Vulture nests.). Additionally if the birds had been observed close to the turbines or crossing the “row”. The data has been collected include species. during summer and autumn 2004. age. CARLOS RUIZ: “Impact of Wind Farms on Birds in Evros and Rhodopi. clutch size. and (4) propose measurements to reduce the impacts once the risk factors are detected. which could prove crucial information for the conservation of the species.overlap in the analysed measurements. COSTAS GRIVAS: “Evaluation of the Use of Mini-Cameras in Nest Monitoring of the Bearded Vulture in Crete” During the implementation of Project LIFE – NATURE 2002 “Conservation Actions for Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) and Biodiversity in Crete” [LIFE02/NAT/GR/8492]. including the estimation of the exact period for supplement food provision. sex. focusing on sex-related differences in order to develop a reliable technique for sex determination in the field. for the future restocking of the Cretan population. Evaluation of the system was based on the number of recording days during the breeding period. food delivery rate. The collection of detailed data on cainism. The results of this study cover breeding season. some other variables has been collected. Furthermore. the distance to the turbine. the monitoring system had several other targets. the non-recording days
. The biometry of Cinereous Vultures from Dadia National Park (Greece) was studied. Greece: Preliminary results” According to European policy. Except of the chick extraction. some problems can be arisen. some of the video material could be implemented in the public awareness campaign. nest predation etc. nest defense etc.). However. The systems’ set up was towards the optimum possible automation. (2) evaluation of risky behaviour and risk factors. so to spare resources. the proper time for marking/radio tagging the chick. nest relieves. The study area is located in Evros and Rhodopi prefecture. (3) changes in the use of the habitat and evaluation of habitat loss due to the wind farms. Finally. the wind farms are a promising alternative energy sources. provide early warning for any possible health issues (poisoning symptoms. The main objective was to determine the impacts of these wind farms on the raptor population. thin eggshells. especially in areas where protected species of fauna occurs. like the closest turbine. type and height of flight and activity from all observed raptors. number. Action D on recurring biotope management. close to the last breeding colony of Eurasian Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) in the Balkans (National Park of Dadia-Soufli-Lefkimi). One of the systems was disassembled because of the pairs’ inactivity and the monitoring project was continued with the other nest for three consecutive breeding periods. determine seasonal food availability (foraging sorties) and collect other breeding data (nest building. with the use of a mini-camera and microphone system.
In parallel with the organisation of the different sessions of the conference. K. e. although some of the flaws. ♦ Stefan Schindler. more than twenty posters were finally presented during the 3-days’ conference. Eugenio Montelío & David Martín: “Decline of the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) in La Rioja (Northern Spain)”. ♦ Kalliopi Stara & Rigas Tsiakiris: “Vultures in Modern Greek Folk History and Legend”. Hall & N. Scott. Dimitris Vasilakis & Kostas Poirazidis: “Error Assessment of a Telemetry System for Eurasian Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) in the National Park of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest. ♦ Martí Surroca. Sicily”.S. Satheesan & Khan Shamshad: “Vulture Paradise in the Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary. ♦ L. Azmanis & R. Uttar Pradesh.M. Richards. P. Ljilja Orlandić & Branko Karađić: “The Census of Vulture Aegypiinae in Herzegovina Before Balkan Civil Conflict”. Greece”.
. remained as a disadvantage of the general conception. ♦ Emilian Stoynov: “FWFF Activities for Reintroduction of the Griffon Vultures and Creating Suitable Conditions for the Carrion Eating Birds in Bulgaria”. ♦ Massimiliano Di Vittorio: “Reintroduction of the Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus in Nebrodi Regional Park. Bulgaria”. P. India”. Sidiropoulos.were analysed according to technical causes.L. Dimitar Demerdjiev & Stoycho Stoychev: “Use of Carcasses from Wolf Kills by Griffon Vultures in Eastern Rhodopes.g. ♦ Savvas Iezekiel & Haris Nicolaou: “Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) Artificial Reproduction”. Konstantinou. ♦ Álvaro Camiña & Eugenio Montelío: “Food Shortages for the Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Los Monegros (Ebro Valley. a special hall of Hotel “Makedonia Palace” was dedicated to posters’ presentation. Can Bilgin & A. These technical problems had to be solved before the system functioned adequately in the third year. ♦ Elif Yamac. Tsiakiris: “Presence of Vultures and Other Carrion Eating Birds in the Artificial Feeding Site. Greece”. in the Turkmenbaba Mountain. C. ♦ Álvaro Camiña. N. so to give an evaluation of their importance in the total lost time. ♦ N. on Mt Pinovo. Aridea. Northwest Turkey”. Yavuz Kilic: “Nest and Nest Tree Characteristics of Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus L. ♦ Álvaro Camiña & Eugenio Montelío: “The Diclofenac: Could a Vulture crisis happen in Europe?”. ♦ Javier de la Puente & Javier Gamonal: “Age Determination of Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) Pulli in the Nest”. ♦ S. Aragon Region)”. Juan Jiménez & Alvaro Camiña: “Monitoring of the Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Eastern Spain (Castellon Province)”. power supply in the nest area. however. The list of the posters presented during the conference follows: ♦ Ivaylo Angelov. S. ♦ Saša Marinković. Harrison: “Detection of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) in the Hair of Livestock Animals and in the Feathers of Scavenging Birds of Prey”. Participants have applied beforehand to present sixteen (16) posters.
). home ranges. In addition. Scientific Advisor of WWF Greece. Major limitation is the lack of continuous tracking of the tagged individuals. transmitters.H. Each technique posses specific advantages and disadvantages.
Conclusions of the Conference
The conclusions of the conference were compiled by: Theodora Skartsi.All the abstracts of the lectures and posters were included in a special edition – “Book of Abstracts” – which was delivered to all participants. What follows is not a resolution. The backpacks have proved relatively safe for the birds and quite successful in data collection.M. thus by definition they contained a lot of conclusions expressed in a very dense manner. as there were many interesting talks on crucial issues on vulture ecology and conservation”. according to the compilers. “it was a very difficult task to elaborate the presentations of this conference and draw the most important conclusions.C. Biologist. and most cost effective technique that is presently available for vulture studies. The main conclusions of the conference were the following:
A multitude of radio-tracking techniques and relevant equipment (antenna. Scientific Coordinator of LIFE02NAT/GR/8492 Project (Natural History Museum of Crete – N. “for people like us. juvenile dispersal. As no specific criteria were used for their selection.) is at present available to scientists that study vultures. The technique widely used in the vast majority of vulture telemetry projects has been backpack harnesses and ground VHF tracking from vehicles or vantage points. convectional VHF tracking will remain as a suitable technique for small-scale projects. A number of presentations were of a review character. Dr Stavros Xirouchakis. For example. Satellite tracking with GPS transmitters is the best. and Dr Giorgos Catsadorakis. activity and mortality sensors etc. which should weigh less that 2% of the bird’s body weight. they are subject to the compilers’ perception and biases. 16
. Normally no significant drag should be added on the bird flight performance because of a tag.
5. but rather an arbitrary selection of the major points of all the presentations. whose English is not their native language. However. Forest Scientist. it is of paramount importance to pay special attention to the wellbeing and behaviour of the radio-tagged birds due to transmitters’ weight and type of attachment. in terms of accuracy. Coordinator of Dadia’s Project (WWF Greece). some interesting points were actually avoided. because of the complexity to express them in just a few lines. mortality rates as well as behavioural patterns. It was not aim of the compilers to repeat them. Biologist. According to the compilers of the conference’s conclusions. VHF telemetry has been widely used in assessing species presence / absence in a given study area. It was also apparent that some more practical factors have influenced more the compilers’ choice. the convenience of producing relatively short and clear phrases has undoubtedly affected the final outcome”. In nay case.
The implementation of the Decision 830/2005 amending the Decision 322/2003 towards the development of specific national regulations in each member state is urgently needed. etc. The sample size is crucial as well time and budgetary limitations. there is no evidence that vultures habituate to “vulture restaurants” as they continue to forage widely. A network of “vulture restaurants” with the direct involvement of many farmers. fewer visits underestimate the number of breeding pairs and overestimate productivity and breeding success. The ultimate aim is the provision of clean food namely carcasses free of dangerous materials such as agrochemicals. There is no evidence that “vulture restaurants” are responsible for the spread of diseases.
Contrary to what was – and still is – a widespread concern. Additionally more research is needed on the impact of these substances on the species breeding performance and their populations. “light” vs.In any telemetry study a number of questions must be set and evaluated properly before undertaking fieldwork. In order to choose the best that fits to the area’s specific conditions one has to accurately formulate certain scientific questions and be aware beforehand of the exact technical characteristics of each method and the relevant cost. “Vulture restaurants” must primarily aim to vulture conservation rather than financial gain. the frequency and timing of visits influences decisively the accuracy of the data collected due to a decreasing detectability of the birds. type of carcasses. Radio tracking must be the only appropriate method for meeting our research goals. is of high priority. when no other alternative one exists.g. The establishment of comprehensible standards. In surveys comprising of field visits and direct observations for assessing breeding performance and the nesting phenology of vultures.
. etc. “heavy” restaurants. Generally. which should not be left unexploited.).
A multitude of methods for monitoring vulture populations has been carried out over many different areas. Before the establishment of a “vulture restaurant” emphasis must be given to specific features in relation to our goals through its functioning (e. frequency of food provision. veterinary drugs. There is ample experience on the use of each method. Each method has its pros and cons. Food quality is a problem that has yet to be resolved in a manner fulfilling the legal and hygienic prerequisites prevailing in each country. There is still some confusion within EU countries regarding the legal framework pertaining to the conditions that must be fulfilled for the provision of carcasses to vulture restaurants. is probably a good compromise to ensure viability of vulture populations in agricultural landscapes. A very careful examination and assessment of the local ecological conditions and human practices is needed before a supplementary feeding scheme is launched in an area. antibiotics. so that data originated from different areas or years could be readily compared. of both “light” and “heavy” food provision patterns.
Networks such as EGVWG set out for such reasons could serve much towards that direction. There is no evidence so far for extra pair paternity in Griffon Vulture populations. no reintroductions should be attempted. Although it is apparently very difficult to determine the outcome of a reintroduction project.
. The dispersal patterns of the species seem to be much more complicated than it was initially thought. Many scientists believe that genetic problems seem to be of much less concern in reintroduction projects in comparison to other ecological / environmental problems that these populations might face. Food availability is easy to estimate in potential areas for reintroduction meanwhile birds forage in groups and do not need to be taught special predatory techniques. risk assessment and public awareness.
Vultures’ species are indicated for reintroduction programs since a breeding stock can be easily created due to their low metabolic rate and good breeding performance in captivity. which might pose problems to the success of introduced populations.
All Griffon Vulture colonies in the Mediterranean region seem to form one genetic entity and should be considered as one management unit. In addition to inbreeding depression. Despite the great demographic decline. However researchers should plan their studies in such a way that their results are biologically meaningful and easily applicable to conservation actions already in progress or incorporated in the future in management decisions. Regarding the results of the recent genetic studies of the Black Vulture in Eurasia it is crucial that much more samples should be collected from different regions between Spain and Mongolia. Most scientists seem to support the idea that the more birds are released in the shortest possible time period the more successful a reintroduction project will be. However more research is needed in order to assess the impact of inbreeding depression on its population. Breeding stocks must be genetically close to native ones as much as possible. great attention must be given to habitat suitability. The Bearded Vulture in Crete has low levels of genetic variability. attention must be paid also to out breeding depression. Unless subsequent satisfactory monitoring scheme can be secured.
A serious effort must be made for an international cooperation in order to shed light on the movement and population interactions of the Griffon Vulture in Europe and around the Mediterranean.Habitat Modelling:
Habitat modelling based upon spatial analyses using the potential of recent GIS technology is an improved tool in comparison to the past. the genetic diversity of Griffon Vultures seems to be preserved among native colonies around the Mediterranean basin. The age of released individuals plays an important role for the evolution and the success of any reintroduction project.
Photos from the conference can be overviewed in Appendix B. Before the establishment of a new wind-farm.LIFE Projects – Specific Studies:
Wind-farms may pose serious problems for vultures and other soaring birds. Monitoring of bird populations after the instalment of windmills is also essential in order to assess their impact on vulture populations.
. it is crucial to gather and analyse all available data on habitat use by the vultures and these to be taken into consideration for the exact placement of the turbines.
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E-MAIL / TEL.gr Κινητό: 6972 772940 E-mail: email@example.com Τηλ. Θεσ/νίκη Ευξείνου Πόντου 5.com. 54621 Θεσ/νίκη Θεσ/νίκης 20. Γεωργικής Σχολής 46.. Κύπρος ΕΘΙΑΓΕ.com Τηλ. Ινστιτούτο ∆ασικών Ερευνών
Λεωφ.gr Τηλ. 57 006 Θεσ/νίκη
. 210 3610088 Fax 210 3620285 Κινητό: 6945 233050 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org@astrale.gr Τηλ.cy Fax 00357 22 781419 Κινητό: 00357 99 417909 E-mail: savkaz@fri. 54636 Θεσ/νίκη Κουντουριώτη 79.
16452 Αργυρούπολη Γ.com Τηλ. 23320 25525 Fax 23320 52426 E-mail: email@example.com Τηλ. Κτηνιατρική Σχολή. Νάουσα Νικ. 2310 994523 & 994536 Κινητό: 6979 313883 E-mail: xrysaetos@hotmail.. Πατήσια. 54639 Θεσ/νίκη ∆ερβενακίων 8. 26530 41071 Κινητό: 6973670643 Τηλ. Τ. Fax 22510 46568 E-mail: papafilisak@yahoo. 210 9023746 Fax 210 9023746 Τηλ.gr Κινητό: 6974 073404 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Τηλ.gr Τηλ. 22730 24923 E-mail: mkritsep@vet. 83100 Σάµος Α.. Fax 2310 850302 Κινητό: 6932 139065 E-mail: pvaddass@otenet.Κ. Κ. Αθήνα Νίκης 6. 45500 Κυβέλης 13. – FAX
E-mail: envm02060@env. 30100 Αγρίνιο
. 23840 75599 Fax 23840 75077 Κινητό: 6948 503402 E-mail: oly_tyto@yahoo. Ανατολή Ιωαννίνων.Θ.Θ.aegean. Σταύρου Βουτηρά 11. 81100 Μυτιλήνη Σαρανταπόρου 37. 2310 252530. Fax 2310 272190 E-mail: pafosgm@yahoo.Π. 2310 850302. 22510 46568. Γεννηµατά 22.Π.A/A
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Κακκαλής Λευτέρης Καπετάνου Σταυρούλα Κινιαζοπούλου Ζωή Κριτσέπη – Κωνσταντίνου Μαρία Κωνσταντίνου Παντελής Μανώλη Ολυµπία Μαρίνος Ιωάννης Μαρούλη Χριστίνα Μαρταβαλτζής Γεώργιος Μερτζάνης Γιώργος Μιχαηλίδης Γεώργιος
∆ασολόγος ∆ικηγόρος ∆/νση ∆ασών Ν. Φωκά 5.com Τηλ.gr Τηλ. 54627 Θεσ/νίκη Αριδαία
E-MAIL / TEL. 6972604848
21 22 23 24 25 26
∆ασολόγος WWF Ελλάς – Πρόγραµµα Πίνδου Εξωτερική Οµάδα Παρακολούθησης LIFE – ASTRALE ∆ασαρχείο Νάουσας ΚΑΛΛΙΣΤΩ Πανεπιστήµιο Ιωαννίνων
Ζαχαρία Παπαντωνίου 47-49. Αναπληρώτρια ΧΡΥΣΑΕΤΟΣ
Παξών 10.gr Τηλ. 54621 Θεσ/νίκη Σουλίου 11.gr Τηλ.auth. Σάµου Α.
auth. Fax 210 3620285 Κινητό 6972 323205
. Λουκή Ακρίτα. ∆ιοικητήριο.gr Τηλ.com. 28210 92287 Fax 28210 91295 E-mail: cpavloud@bio. 24210 26271 Fax 2410 39162 / 39163 E-mail: email@example.com Τηλ. 30100 Αγρίνιο Ι.A/A
27 28 29
Μπουρδάκης Στρατής Νικολάου Χάρης Ντερόπουλος Γεώργιος
E-MAIL / TEL. 11473 Εταιρεία (ΕΟΕ) Αθήνα Τµήµα ∆ασών Κύπρου Τµήµα ∆ασών.cy Fax 00357 22 781419 Κινητό: 00357 99 698767 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ελληνική Ορνιθολογική Εµ. Κύπρος ∆/νση ∆ασών Γρεβενών ∆/νση ∆ασών Γρεβενών. 2310 419581 Fax 2310 419581 Κινητό: 6997 292595
E-mail: katerina. 55131 Θεσ/νίκη Φωκίωνος Νέγρη 37.Θ. 1414 Λευκωσία. 2810 314840 Fax 2810 314580 Τηλ.gr Τηλ.Θ. Παν/µιο Ιωαννίνων ∆ασαρχείο Ηρακλείου ∆/νση ∆ασών Χανίων ∆ασολόγος – Υπεύθυνος Εθνικού ∆ρυµού Σαµαριάς Φοιτήτρια Α. Κακριδή 15. 210 3816007 E-mail: nicolaouharis@cytanet. 11361 Αθήνα
Astrale GEIE – Prospect C&S
Τηλ.email@example.com Τηλ. 24620 76405 Fax 24620 76323 Κινητό: 6973 922223 E-mail: dasabol@otenet. – FAX
E-mail: sbourdakis@hotmail. 210 8627541. Ηράκλειο Χρυσοπηγή.
Παπαδηµητρίου 5. Χανιά
30 31 32 33
Ντίτορας Νικόλαος Παληός Αναστάσιος Παπαδακάκης Νίκος Παπαδάκης Εµµανουήλ
∆ασαρχείο Βόλου Φοιτητής. 51100 Γρεβενά Ξενοφώντος 1.Π.com Τηλ. Μπενάκη 146Β. 38333 Βόλος Αλθέας 11.gr Κινητό: 6944 589558 E-mail: papadakakis@crete-region. Καλαµαριά.
Fax 26510 77448 E-mail: Nephelom@yahoo.Θ. 54623 Θεσ/νίκη
E-MAIL / TEL. Παραγ.. 38446 Βόλος ∆ηµοκρίτειο Πανεπιστήµιο Θράκης. 22370 51540 Fax 22370 51540 E-mail: kallio21@hotmail. Κτηνιατρική Σχολή Θεσ/νίκης.. Fax 26510 77448 E-mail: ytsougrakis@ornithologiki.Π.. Fax 2310 244245 Κινητό: 6937 168116
. Οδός Φυτόκου.duth. Τ. Ιωνία. Ορεστιάδα Νοµός Έβρου Νέα Ζωή Ιωαννίνων. 36080 Φουρνάς Ευρυτανίας Νέα Ζωή Ιωαννίνων. Φοιτητής ΧΡΥΣΑΕΤΟΣ ∆ασαρχείο Φουρνά Πανεπιστήµιο Ιωαννίνων Επιµελητής Ξεναγός Εθνικών ∆ρυµών & Χώρων Αναψυχής Πανεπιστήµιο Θεσσαλίας
Γ. Τµήµα Γεωπονίας Φυτ. 26510 77448. 71405 Ηράκλειο.Θ. – FAX
Κινητό: 6944 699550 E-mail: l_sidiropoulos@hotmail. ∆ιοικητήριο Θεσ/νίκη ∆ασαρχείο Φουρνά. 11472 Αθήνα Εργαστήριο ∆ιαχείρισης Οικοσυστηµάτων & Βιοποικιλότητας.A/A
36 37 38 39 40 41
Σεγρεδάκης Ιωάννης Σιδηρόπουλος Λαυρέντης Σιµούλης Χρήστος Στάρα Καλλιόπη Στεφάνου Βασιλική Σφουγγάρης Αθανάσιος
Α.uth. Ν. 45500 Καστριτσίου 8. Τµήµα ∆ασολογίας ∆ιαχείρισης Περιβάλλοντος και Φυσικών Πόρων.Κ. Τ. 26510 77448. Γεωργιάδη 20.Π.com Κινητό: 6974872216 Τηλ. & Αγροτ. 45500 Μαυροµιχάλη 146-148. Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής
E-mail: etsaxal@fmenv. Περιβάλ. Κρήτη Ολυµπιάδος 18. 2310 244245.com Τηλ. 24210 93274 Fax 24210 93274
∆.Κ.gr Κινητό: 6946 800953
Τσιακίρης Ρήγας Τσουγκράκης Γιάννης
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Κινητό: 6944 386212 E-mail: email@example.com Τηλ.gr Τηλ.gr Τηλ.
Θ. – FAX
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Τηλ. Ευρυτανίας. 2310 530585 E-mail: ecoconsult-epo@kav.Ο. 40008 Α. 25910 23144 Fax 25910 47009 Κινητό: 6932 576008 E-mail: tassos@maich. Θεσσαλονίκη Χρυσούπολη
49 50 51 52 53 54
Σακούλης Αναστάσιος Hallmann Ben ∆αµιανίδης Χρήστος Ελευθεριάδου Σηµέλα Πίκιος ∆ηµήτρης Σκορδάς Κυριάκος
∆/νση ∆ασών Ν.
. Καρπενήσι Πατρ.
Λεωφ. Γρηγορίου Ε’ 3. Τ. 2310 477128 Fax 2310 473863 Κινητό: 6976 868795 Τηλ.Θ. 42100 Τρίκαλα
Α.gr E-mail: hallmann@otenet. Χανίων Τ. 237.gr Τηλ. 55134 Φοίνικας Τ. 71409 Ηράκλειο
E-MAIL / TEL.gr Κινητό: 6976 682620 Τηλ. Ευρυτανίας Φοιτητής ΣΤ’ ΚΟΜΑΘ Ιωάννου Τσελέπη 67. Γραφείο CITES Πανεπιστήµιο Κρήτης – Μουσείο Φυσικής Ιστορίας Κρήτης (ΜΦΙΚ) ∆ήµος Θεσσαλονίκης Ε. Γεωργικής Σχολής 46. 24310 70409 Κινητό: 6946 056324
Τσούγκας Ματθαίος Jerrentrup Hans
∆/νση ∆ασών Περιφέρειας Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας. 2310 409474 Fax 2310 475656 E-mail: email@example.com Τηλ.Π.gr Τηλ. 55134 Θεσσαλονίκη Αµπελόκηποι 5.gr Τηλ.Κ. ∆ασολόγος ∆/νση ∆ασών Ν.Θ.Π. 2310 744934 E-mail: kskordas@hunters. 22370 22946 E-mail: dpikios@yahoo.Θ. 2810 393265 & 393281 Fax 2810 324366 Κινητό: 6974 737121 Τηλ. 56123 Θεσσαλονίκη Εθνικής Αντίστασης 173.forthnet.. 54352 Θεσσαλονίκη ∆/νση ∆ασών Ν. 73110 Χανιά Ραψάνη. 2310 935317 Τηλ. 2208.Π.
gr Τηλ.Θ.Θ. Ηράκλειο Β.Θ.Π.-Πάρης Κανελλόπουλος Νίκος Ρούσσος Θωµάς
Κ. 54635 Θεσσαλονίκη Εξαδακτύλου 1.gr Τηλ.gr Τηλ. Φωκά 5.Π. – FAX
E-mail: kpe-thes@otenet.Π. 26560 42297 Τηλ. 2310 272897 Κινητό: 6972 617712 E-mail: psaroudas@callisto. Α. Θεσσαλονίκη Θερµοπυλών 14. Θεσσαλονίκη Κακριδή 15. Κορδελιού
Α.auth. 2310 859744 Κινητό: 6978 256877 E-mail: abobola@eled. 56334 Θεσσαλονίκη Εξαδακτύλου 1. 54249 Θεσσαλονίκη Β.gr Τηλ. Παπανδρέου 2. Όλγας 52.Π.gr Τηλ.Θ. 2810 314840 Κινητό: 6976 796738
57 58 59
Στεφανάκη Αναστασία Μίγκλη ∆έσποινα Ψαρούδας Σπύρος
Α. 2310 314001 Κινητό: 6974 454297 E-mail: linipapagri@yahoo. 54635 Θεσσαλονίκη Νικ.Π. 2310 270460 Κινητό: 6947 231154 E-mail: splash@bio. 54621 Θεσ/νίκη
E-MAIL / TEL.Π. 2310 707150 Fax 2310 757130 Κινητό: 6945 052649 E-mail: diani@bio. Α.Π. 2310 252530 Fax 2310 272190 Κινητό: 6999 915200 Τηλ.Θ.Ε. Θεσσαλονίκη Μέτσοβο Ηράκλειο
. Α. ΚΑΛΛΙΣΤΩ
60 61 62 63 64 65 66
Καµπάνος Θανάσης Παπαγρηγοράκη Λεµονιά Μπόµπολα Αικατερίνη Παπαδάκης Γιώργος Πλιάκος Εµµαν.gr Τηλ.auth.gr Τηλ. Α. Α.Θ.auth.Θ. 2310 812742 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Κινητό: Κινητό: 6947 794591 E-mail: dasmetsovou@in. Όλγας 52. ∆ασαρχείο Μετσόβου ∆/νση ∆ασών Περιφέρειας Κρήτης
Αντωνίου ∆ανιόλου 40.Π.
.Π. 2310 992721.com Τηλ. Θεσσαλονίκη Θεοτοκοπούλου 4.Θ. 2310 237741 Κινητό: 6947 950038 E-mail: dkostina@bio.Θ. 54639 Θεσσαλονίκη Φραγκ.Π. Θεσσαλονίκη Φραγκίνη 9.Π. 2310 201104 Κινητό: 6947 937723 E-mail: katydata@for. Ρούσβελτ 60.gr Κινητό: 6937 415234 E-mail: psaraki-vick2@yahoo. Θεσσαλονίκη Κ.Π.Θ. Τµήµα Βιολογίας Α. Fax 2310 825854 Κινητό: 6936 932439 Τηλ.Θ.gr Κινητό: 6936 587057
Υψηλάντης Α..gr Τηλ.Θ.auth. Τούµπα. Α. Α..Θ. 56727 Θεσσαλονίκη ∆.gr Τηλ. Τµήµα Βιολογίας Α.. Θεσσαλονίκη Φαληρέως 5.auth. Μελενίκου 29. Τµήµα Βιολογίας Α. Σαράντα Εκκλησιές. 2310 205088 Κινητό: 6976 066723 Κινητό: 6947 942823 E-mail: reptidan@vet. Νεάπολη.Θ.A/A
67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78
Παπαχριστοδούλου 1.Θ.Θ. Θεσσαλονίκη Πέτρου Σπανδωνίδη 10. 2310 213101 E-mail: buru@otenet.Π.com Τηλ.gr Κινητό: 6948 871548 E-mail: mariebioapt@yahoo. Θεσσαλονίκη Πέλοπος 8.Π.Π.Θ. Α.Π. Κ.Π.. Θεσσαλονίκη Νοταρά 7. Τµήµα Βιολογίας ∆ασολόγος Α. 54636 Θεσσαλονίκη
E-MAIL / TEL. – FAX
Τηλ. Πασαλίδη 19. Τµήµα Βιολογίας Α. Κωνσταντίνος Παναγιωτοπούλου Μαρία ΕΟΕ Τότσα Βασιλική Πούλου Μαρία Κωστινάκη ∆έσποινα Ριζέκ Λίνα Μιχαηλίδης Σώζος Ευαγγέλου Χριστάκης Φωτογλίδου Μαρία Τζιερτζίδου Κων/να Ντίκου ∆άφνη Ζοµπούλη ∆ανάη – Αιµιλία Α.gr Κινητό: 6993 934626 E-mail: msozos@hotmail. Θεσσαλονίκη Γ.. 54624 Θεσσαλονίκη Χίου 4.Π.gr Τηλ.auth. Σαράντα Εκκλησιές. Μυλωνά 9. 2310 611196 Κινητό: 6945 233519 E-mail: tz_nantia@yahoo. 2310 916603 Κινητό: 6997 215949 E-mail: linoua@yahoo.
gr Τηλ.∆.gr Τηλ. Α.gr Κινητό: 6976 652278 Κινητό: 6977 949633 E-mail: ianasta@vet. Περιφέρεια Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας Α. Εγλυκάδα. Θεσσαλονίκη
Ν. 2310 263654 Fax 2310 226497 Κινητό: 6944 671370 E-mail: athlitik@otenet.Π. αρ.Θ.auth. Θεσσαλονίκη
.gr Κινητό: 6974 315559
Αγίας Σοφίας 4. Αθηναϊκό – Μακεδονικό Πρακτορείο Ειδήσεων Εφηµερίδα «ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ» / Ράδιο ΣΚΑΙ 100.Θ.Π. 2310 244101 Fax 2310 244105 Κινητό: 6972 056556 E-mail: atsigg@yahoo. ∆/νση ∆ασών.auth. 3. 55.3 Εφηµερίδα «ΑΥΡΙΑΝΗ Μ-Θ»
Κορυτσάς 32.Θ. 2310 854671 Κινητό: 6997 218230 E-mail: adigonita@hotmail.Π.com E-mail: nicolek@mpa. Πάτρα Εγνατίας 154. Ρύσιο.A/A
79 80 81 82 83
Σαλβαρίνα Ιωάννα Αναστασίου Αλέξης Αναστασιάδης Γιάννης Κόµη Αντιγόνη Καζαντζίδου Νικόλ
Α. 54638 Θεσσαλονίκη Π.gr Τηλ. Θεσσαλονίκη Πάροδος Ε. Περίπτερο 1 ∆ΕΘ
E-MAIL / TEL. Συνδίκη 16 & Τραπεζούντος. – FAX
E-mail: sioanna@bio. 54645 Θεσσαλονίκη Αλεξάνδρου Φλέµινγκ 30.
PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE CONFERENCE