SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.1.

3
Setting Up Nonconformance
Including PCA Dashboard and DPMO

© Copyright 2008 SAP AG. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft, Windows, Outlook, and PowerPoint are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM, DB2, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2, Parallel Sysplex, MVS/ESA, AIX, S/390, AS/400, OS/390, OS/400, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP, Intelligent Miner, WebSphere, Netfinity, Tivoli, Informix, i5/OS, POWER, POWER5, OpenPower and PowerPC are trademarks or registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, PostScript, and Reader are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation. UNIX, X/Open, OSF/1, and Motif are registered trademarks of the Open Group. Citrix, ICA, Program Neighborhood, MetaFrame, WinFrame, VideoFrame, and MultiWin are trademarks or registered trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc. HTML, XML, XHTML and W3C are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

JavaScript is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape. MaxDB is a trademark of MySQL AB, Sweden. SAP, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com, xApps, xApp, SAP NetWeaver, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National product specifications may vary. These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated companies ("SAP Group") for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. Disclaimer Some components of this product are based on Java™. Any code change in these components may cause unpredictable and severe malfunctions and is therefore expressively prohibited, as is any decompilation of these components. Any Java™ Source Code delivered with this product is only to be used by SAP’s Support Services and may not be modified or altered in any way.

Table of Contents
Introduction ..........................................................................................................................................1 What Is Nonconformance? ................................................................................................................1 Decisions to Make..............................................................................................................................1 Branching and Dispositioning on Routers .......................................................................................3 Operator Determination .....................................................................................................................3 System Determination........................................................................................................................3 More Information About Routers........................................................................................................3 Collecting Information.........................................................................................................................5 What Is a Data Type? ........................................................................................................................5 Assigning NC Data Types..................................................................................................................5 Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes .............................................................................................7 What Is an NC Code? ........................................................................................................................7 Categorizing NC Codes .....................................................................................................................7 Creating a Hierarchy ..........................................................................................................................8 Setting Up and Overriding Maximum NC Limit................................................................................10 Closing NC Codes ...........................................................................................................................10 Assigning Operations.......................................................................................................................11 Setting Up Activity Hooks ................................................................................................................11 Logging an NC Reject in the Rich POD...........................................................................................11 Working with Real-Time Warnings...................................................................................................13 Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients..........................................................................15 Standard Nonconformance Clients..................................................................................................15 Working with the Fast Barcode Interface.........................................................................................16 Allowing Operators to Auto Remove/Replace NC’s Components...................................................17 Typical Scenarios for the Standard Nonconformance Clients .........................................................17 Verifying Defects..............................................................................................................................19 Setting Up Incident Numbers...........................................................................................................20 Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients..............................................................21 Typical Scenarios for the Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients .............................................24 PCA Dashboard Buttons..................................................................................................................26 Using DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities)...........................................................................29 What Is DPMO? ...............................................................................................................................29 What Comes with the System?........................................................................................................29 Setting Up Nonconformance ............................................................................................................31 Setting Up Nonconformance............................................................................................................31 Creating Primary and Secondary NC Codes...................................................................................31 Setting Up and Overriding Maximum NC Limit................................................................................32 Setting Up the POD for Nonconformance........................................................................................32 Setting Up the Fast Barcode Interface for Operators ......................................................................33 Allowing Operators to Auto Remove/Replace NC’d Components...................................................33 Allowing Operators to Close Multiple Primary NCs with One Secondary NC .................................34 Setting Up Standalone Failure Tracking ..........................................................................................34 Setting Up DPMO ............................................................................................................................34 Appendix: Installing PCA Server......................................................................................................37 Index....................................................................................................................................................41

SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.1.3 Setting Up Nonconformance

iii

you can include operations where product is tested for defects. Display up-to-date engineering schematics graphically in the PCA Dashboard. Another step on the current router for analysis or repair. you must decide: How you want router branching and dispositioning to behave in the system. defect. the system can automatically send the nonconformed SFC to: The first step on a disposition router. allowing you to display engineering changes in real time. and other uses when operators log nonconformances. Operators at these steps can log additional NCs against the SFC to detail its current condition.Introduction The Nonconformance feature helps you improve product quality and customer responsiveness by allowing you to: Track failure. such as a scratch on a chassis. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. When an operator logs an NC. How you will use Real-Time Warnings. or logs a nonconformance (NC) against that particular SFC. the operator or machine at that step nonconforms.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 1 . you can also: Collect test and inspection data for analysis. With Nonconformance. integrity checking.1. and repair information about SFCs. Which nonconformance (NC) codes you want operators to use when they log NCs. You can also have operators or machines log NCs to pull products randomly for sampling. When a product fails a test. Decisions to Make When you set up Nonconformance. Calculate defects with the standardized DPMO (defects per million opportunities) methodology as defined in the IPC-9261 standard for printed board assembly manufacturing. and other uses. integrity checking. What Is Nonconformance? At various steps on your routers. What information you want to collect for analysis. A disposition function. Control the routing of nonconforming products. Note: You can indicate not only test failures. but also nonconformance to any standard. and how you want to organize them. Assign incident numbers to logged nonconformances.

Introduction How you want the POD to behave and appear for operators who log nonconformances.1. How you will use DPMO. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 2 . How you want the PCA Dashboard in the POD to behave and appear for operators who work with nonconformances against PCA boards.

More Information About Routers For more information about setting up routers and scripting.Branching and Dispositioning on Routers When you set up Nonconformance. such as how many times the SFC has failed the test. you can: Use scripting to send the SFC to a SCRAP step.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 3 . Allow the system to automatically determine where to send the SFC. see the Setting Up Production Lines guide and the online help for Router Maintenance. Keeping the SFC at the current step. The first step on a separate router. a next step on the same router. Set up disposition functions to either send the SFC automatically to a specific destination when it is nonconformed. you can: Allow the operator to determine where the system should send the SFC. These choices can include: A next step on the same router. you must decide how you want router branching and dispositioning to behave. based on criteria. a Return step. A Return step. For more information about branching and dispositioning. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. see the Setting Up Production Lines guide.1. System Determination If you allow the system to automatically determine where to send the SFC. the system displays a list of choices the operator can select from. When an operator logs an NC against an SFC at a router step. Set up a disposition router to automatically send the SFC there when it is nonconformed. A SCRAP step. or other location. Operator Determination If you allow the operator to determine where the system should send the SFC. or allow the operator to choose from a menu of several destinations.

.

The following list is a sampling of fields you can have the system display in the POD for each type. When the operator logs a nonconformance. SIMPLE. nonconformance. You define data types in Data Type Maintenance. Defect Count Ref Des Failure ID Location Comments Component Component SFC Component SFC Item Root Cause Operation Pin Note: You can also create custom fields in Data Type Maintenance to collect data that is not listed in Data Type Maintenance. you must assign an NC data type to each code. Assigning NC Data Types When you create NC codes. The SIMPLE data type displays no fields to the operator by default. such as assembly.Collecting Information The NC category in Data Type Maintenance allows you to collect information for analysis. For a complete list.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 5 . inventory receipt. and other uses when operators log nonconformances. browse on the Data Type field. You can make each field required or optional for the operator. integrity checking. The operator enters the information you want to collect in each field. The system comes with several NC data types to which fields have already been allocated. and retrieve the record. Note: If you do not want to collect data at nonconformance operations. the system displays the field(s) you specified based on the data type of the NC code. leave the default value. What Is a Data Type? A data type is a set of fields you can display to users to collect information about individual components or higher-level assemblies during a process.1. or working with RMAs. You can add or delete fields to the existing NC data type. and browse in the Data Field column of the new row. in Data Type Maintenance. select NC in the Category field. Click Edit > Insert New. disassembly. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. packing. in the NC Data Type field in NC Code Maintenance.

SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.Collecting Information Note: Use the Root Cause Operation field only with DPMO.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 6 .1.

and DONE. For example. and ANOP have the category Repair. and possibly how to fix it. If you do not create a hierarchy for your NC codes. That the problem with an SFC has been or will be repaired. what the problem is (defect). If you have a large number of NC codes. If needed for your shop floor. the NC code FAIL has the category Failure. You create the NC codes for your site in NC Code Maintenance.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 7 . you can also create a hierarchy among NC codes to show their relationships to each other. For example.1. A diagnosis of the problem. In the previous example. LATER. you can create groups for them in NC Group Maintenance. Note: In System Rule Maintenance. or how it was fixed (repair). For example. will be done later. you must assign all NC codes to a group before operators can use them to log NCs. The NC code CON NOT SOLDER indicates an unsoldered connection. Repair: Indicates how the defect on the SFC has been repaired. Operators and machines log NCs against SFCs by assigning a nonconformance (NC) code to the SFC. all three categories of NC codes will have a flat relationship to each other: Failure Defect Repair SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. WIRE DAMAGE and CON NOT SOLDER have the category Defect. Categorizing NC Codes When you create an NC code in NC Code Maintenance. the NC code WIRE DAMAGE indicates that a wire is damaged on the SFC. and ANOP indicate that the repair is complete. if you set the Nonconformance > Use NC Groups for Production Clients rule to true. An NC code can indicate: That something is wrong with an SFC. the NC code FAIL indicates that an SFC failed a test. you must specify one of the following categories: Failure: Indicates the SFC has failed some type of test or has been pulled for sampling purposes. Defect: Indicates what is wrong with the SFC. LATER. or nonconformance. the NC codes DONE. code is set of characters that indicates the state of an SFC with respect to a nonconformance. The level of the nonconformance and its relationship to other codes in the hierarchy.Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes What Is an NC Code? An NC. NC codes can indicate: Test or inspection failure (failure). or will be done by another operator.

3 Setting Up Nonconformance 8 . The system displays this hierarchy graphically in the Failure Data area of the nonconformance client in the POD: SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes Creating a Hierarchy An NC code hierarchy shows the relationship among the NC codes that operators have logged in the system.1.

NO_POWER (Failure) SHORT (Defect) REWIRE (Repair) NO_POWER (Failure) CABLECONWRONG (Defect) RECONNECT (Repair) Note: To view the current hierarchical relationships of all your NC codes. Can have other codes underneath it. What Is a Primary NC Code? A primary code is an NC code you create in NC Code Maintenance that: Is at the top level of a hierarchy. the following illustration shows a three-level hierarchy with two sets of NC codes logged against the primary NC. You base the place of an NC code in the hierarchy on its category and the level of granularity you want. associated with the Defect code) For example. A two.Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes You create a hierarchy among your NC codes by making them either primary or secondary codes and associating them with each other. The second unit failed because of incorrectly connected cables and was re-cabled. The following illustration shows a two-level hierarchy: Defect (Primary NC) Repair (Secondary NC) The following illustration shows a three-level hierarchy: Failure (Primary NC) Defect (Secondary NC) Repair (Secondary NC. Primary and Secondary NC Codes You create an NC hierarchy by creating primary and secondary NC codes in NC Code Maintenance. click Actions > Tree View in NC Code Maintenance.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 9 . SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. The first unit failed because of a short and was rewired.1.or three-level NC hierarchy is most typical when you use the PCA Dashboard. NO_POWER.

To show that an incident is pending until an experienced operator manually closes it. Setting Up and Overriding Maximum NC Limit You can restrict the number of times an NC code can be logged against the particular SFC by setting up the maximum NC limit in NC Code table of Default Value Maintenance. When selected. for example at a PMR station. see the “Creating Primary and Secondary NC Codes” topic in the “Setting Up Nonconformance” section of this guide. When an NC code exceeds this limit you may optionally override this value. The NC_TRACKING nonconformance client allows operators to close nonconformances and incidents manually.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 10 . How the System Closes Nonconformances and Incidents You control how the system automatically closes nonconformances and incidents with the following check boxes on the Main tab of NC Code Maintenance: Can Be Primary Code Defines the NC code to be used as the initial NC code to start a nonconformance tree. Secondary Required for Close Defines the NC code to require a secondary code to be logged against it to close. such as a supervisor. to close an incident. see the “Setting Up Nonconformance” section of this guide. You can also have the system automatically close a primary NC as soon as an operator logs it. Auto Close Primary NC Defines the NC code to close its parent NC code when the current NC is closed. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. operators can close both individual NC codes that have been logged and entire incidents. Depending on the nonconformance client they are using and how the NC code is set up. Closure Required Defines the NC code to require additional action to close. This is often done when the unit is expensive to build. This operator is often performing a REPAIR operation. Closing NC Codes When an operator logs an NC against one or more SFCs. If cleared. For information about creating primary and secondary NC codes. Any secondary codes logged under a primary will be considered part of the same non-conformance incident. Auto Close Incident Defines the NC code to close the entire branch of the NC tree including any additional secondary codes and the primary code. the system will not allow the NC code to be closed from the Edit tab of the NC client. For more information.1. the NC is open. You can use closing of NC codes in several ways: To simply track that the nonconformance was logged (auto close the primary NC). the system will close the NC code automatically after being logged.Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes What is a Secondary NC Code? A secondary NC code is an NC code you create in NC Code Maintenance that: Is at any level other than the top level of a hierarchy. for many NC codes that come with the system. To require an operator with authority.

the system automatically closes the nonconformance as soon as the operator logs it. The incident and other defects will stay open. For more information. Logging an NC Reject in the Rich POD You can log primary NC Codes in the Rich POD for a selected SFC at selected operation(s) to indicate that additional work must be performed at the same operation and to automatically reopen all previously closed buyoffs. see the Routers section of the Setting Up Production Lines guide. Assigning Operations If you want to prevent operators from logging NC codes at all operations. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. When the Auto Close Incident check box is selected. The following table shows the check boxes you would typically select for the PCA Dashboard with a three-level hierarchy: Category Failure Defect Repair Check boxes to select Can Be Primary Code and Closure Required Closure Required and Auto Close Primary NC Auto Close Primary NC or Auto Close Incident When the Can Be Primary Code check box is cleared. For example. For more information. this NC code can only be a secondary NC code (if the primary/secondary NC hierarchy is set up).1. you can assign your NC codes to those operations in the Operation/Disposition Group tab in NC Code Maintenance. the system allows NC codes to be logged at all operations. By default. If at least one of the defects (in the same incident) has the Secondary Required for Closure check box selected.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 11 . such as REPLACED against several primary NC codes indicating test failure. see online help for Logging an NC Reject. Users can also log one secondary NC code against multiple primary NC codes without closing them. For more information. Setting Up Activity Hooks You can set up NC code-specific activity hooks that execute custom code when operators log NCs.Defining Nonconformance (NC) Codes Note: You can also allow operators to manually log NCs against a closed NC in NC Client Maintenance. see the “Setting Up Nonconformance” section of this guide. the system closes all defects logged against the failure if none of them has the Secondary Required for Closure check box selected. some operators may need to log the same repair code. You can also specify the disposition group associated with the operation. When the Closure Required check box is cleared. For more information about disposition groups. the system will close the defect against which the Repair code has been logged. Allowing Users to Close Multiple Primary NCs with one Secondary NC You can set up nonconformance clients to allow users to close multiple primary NC codes with the same secondary NC code. see the Setting Up Activity Hooks guide. in order to record that the same action was taken to fix several failures.

.

When to clear messages from the Event Viewer. The predefined events in the system that relate to Nonconformance are: RTW_CONSEC_NC RTW_YIELD_RATE (only for low yield scenarios) You can also define your own event messages in the system. When you set up Events in the system. shop floor personnel can also send event messages when others need notification with the Event Send Client.Working with Real-Time Warnings Real-time warnings notify appropriate manufacturing personnel that planned conditions have not been met at an operation. The message to be stored and sent. In Real-Time Warnings Maintenance you: Define the parameters for yield processing real-time warnings.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 13 . With this information. personnel can analyze and address the problem at the operation as quickly as possible. You set up real-time warnings in conjunction with the Events feature. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. see the Setting Up Events guide and the online help for Event Maintenance and Real-Time Warnings Maintenance. For more information about setting up Events and real-time warnings. The set of people who will receive the messages through e-mail or real-time notification.1. Define the parameters for consecutive identical nonconformance real-time warnings. In addition. Associate an event type with a real-time warning. you define: Event types (classifications for occurrences that happen during production).

.

Standard Nonconformance Clients Although you can create nonconformance clients in NC Client Maintenance. you may want one POD for operators who log nonconformances at TEST operations.1. you can also create or change the Nonconformance lists that appear in the Failure Data area of the POD when operators log NCs. The following table describes the standard nonconformance clients and how they relate to the standard PODs that come with the system: Note: For all details. The nonconformance clients that come with the system fall into two categories: Standard nonconformance clients. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. You can create different PODs in POD Maintenance. In List Maintenance. retrieve the nonconformance client you want in NC Client Maintenance and review its setting. you control how operators can log nonconformances by assigning a nonconformance client to a particular POD. The standard nonconformance clients that come with the system are: LOG_NC LOG_NC_W_SECONDARY NC_TRACKING LOG_NC_W_FBI Nonconformance Client Features and PODs Some nonconformance clients that come with the system are associated with the standard PODs that come with the system. there are several nonconformance clients that come with the system. You create nonconformance clients in NC Client Maintenance. Note: For more information about PODs and Nonconformance lists. In POD Maintenance. You can use these nonconformance clients for many typical scenarios. another for operators who log them at ANALYZE operations. you do not need to create new nonconformance clients or PODs. If these PODs meet your needs. and another for operators who log them at REPAIR operations. Graphical (PCA) nonconformance clients. see the Setting Up PODs guide.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 15 .Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients The system allows you to set up the POD various ways for different types of operators who nonconform SFCs. For example.

and cancel any NC. Standard POD * (default). Designed for operators who log both primary and secondary NC codes. Designed for operators who log only primary NC codes and work with scanners. Operators cannot edit the information associated with NC codes. For information about setting up the Fast Barcode Interface. the Fast Barcode Interface (FBI) allows users to input information quickly. Operators can also edit the information associated with NC codes. They can close an open NC.1.Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients Nonconformance client NC_LOG Description Designed for operators who log only primary NC codes. Operators cannot edit the information associated with NC codes. In addition FBI allows the operator to enter more than one reference designator for a component while logging a primary NC code. The Log NC FBI with Multi RefDes (NC515) activity. The Fast Barcode Interface is configured with: The LOG_NC_FBI nonconformance client. PASS_FAIL None NC_LOG_W_SECONDARY NC_TRACKING DIAGNOSIS LOG_NC_FBI None Working with the Fast Barcode Interface Designed for operators who log only primary NC codes and work with scanners. Hotkeys for the Fast Barcode Interface The following table lists the hotkeys mapped to the buttons in the Fast Barcode Interface: Hotkey ALT+B ALT+D ALT+E ALT+U ALT+M ALT+L ALT+R ALT+W Button Add Add and Done/Done Cancel (exit plug-in) Update Remove Cancel (cancel update mode) NC Report Work Instruction SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 16 . Designed for operators who log both primary and secondary NC codes. open a closed NC. see the “Setting Up Nonconformance” section near the end of this guide.

Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients Allowing Operators to Auto Remove/Replace NC’s Components You can set up the system so that when an operator logs a primary or secondary NC code against an SFC that is an assembled component. * (default) or PASS_FAIL workstation (uses NC_LOG) Operation Fail TEST Pass Operation ANALYZE NC_LOG_W_SECONDARY workstation REPAIR DIAGNOSIS workstation (uses NC_TRACKING) SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. the system displays the Add Component window. see Setting Up PODs guide. Typical Scenarios for the Standard Nonconformance Clients The following illustration shows three scenarios for the standard nonconformance clients at different steps on the router. For more information about workstations. the system displays the Remove Component window. When the user clicks OK in this window. ANALYZE. the system displays a dialog box asking the user whether he or she wants to add a new component. For information about setting up this feature. If the operator chooses to remove the component. Scenario A Scenario A illustrates the case when you use three separate operations for TEST. see the “Setting Up Nonconformance” section near the end of this guide.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 17 . and REPAIR.1. If the operator chooses to add a new component. Use the nonconformance clients and workstations that mirror how you handle defects on your routers. the system displays a dialog box asking the user whether he or she wants to remove the component.

This scenario can mirror a two-level hierarchy with defects as primary codes and repairs as secondary codes.Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients Scenario B Scenario B illustrates the case when you have a separate TEST operation but you combine the ANALYZE and REPAIR steps into one operation. NC_LOG_W_SECONDARY workstation Operation TEST-ANALYZE Fail Pass Operation REPAIR DIAGNOSIS workstation (uses NC_TRACKING) SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 18 .1. * (default) or PASS_FAIL workstation (uses NC_LOG) Operation Fail TEST Pass Operation ANALYZE-REPAIR DIAGNOSIS workstation (uses NC_TRACKING) Scenario C Scenario C illustrates the case when you combine the TEST and ANALYZE steps into one operation and have a separate REPAIR operation.

and operators log other NC codes that reflect their actions the second time through: NO_POWER (Failure) Operation Fail TEST Operation ANALYZE CABLECONWRONG (Defect) REPAIR RECONNECT (Repair) The third time the unit is tested it passes. When a unit that has previously failed a test passes it. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. when the unit is retested.1. operators may log the following NC codes: NO_POWER (Failure) Operation Fail TEST Operation ANALYZE SHORT (Defect) REPAIR REWIRE (Repair) However. You can assign incident numbers to incidents for tracking purposes. repair cycles that do not fix the problem. they may log many failure. For example. CABLECONWRONG (Defect). As operators troubleshoot problems with units (SFCs) in a repair loop on your router. Operation TEST Pass Operation Note: The set of all NC codes associated with a single SFC (or a group of SFCs or a process lot being tested at the same time) is called an incident.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 19 . the last defect and repair logged against the unit indicates what was actually wrong with the unit and how it was repaired. The SFC is then sent through the repair loop again. Some nonconformance clients that come with the system display a Verified Defects chart to the operator in the POD. during the first cycle through a repair loop. it still fails.Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients Verifying Defects The system automatically logs a verified defect when a unit has moved through a repair loop and passed the test operation. This last defect and repair is then verified to be the actual case and is called the verified defect. you can create a nonconformance client that displays the Verified Defects chart. and RECONNECT (Repair) sequence as the verified defect. defect. The system logs the NO_POWER. In NC Client Maintenance.

1. the system automatically generates the incident number based on the numbering pattern you define with the Incident Number Number Type in Next Number Maintenance. Creating Incident Numbers When you create nonconformance clients in NC Client Maintenance. Note: If operators enter incident numbers manually. The incident number is the same for all SFCs associated with the incident and for all primary and secondary NC codes associated with these SFCs. Using incident numbers. they appear in the Log NC report. you can allow operators to enter incident numbers by selecting Manual in the Incident Number field on the Main tab. If you select Manual. and including one or more NC codes.Working with Standard Nonconformance Clients Setting Up Incident Numbers What Is a Nonconformance Incident? A nonconformance incident is a nonconformance issue associated with one or more SFCs. then the system archives only the SFC. the system automatically assigns the same incident number to all associated secondary NC codes. the system verifies that the number matches the numbering pattern defined in Next Number Maintenance.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 20 . you can group or organize nonconformances to help identify problem areas in your production process. if the incident number is assigned to another SFC. If you select Automatic in the Incident Number field. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. see the online help for Next Number Maintenance. the system archives both the SFC and its assigned incident number at the same time. If you use incident numbers. What Is an Incident Number? An incident number uniquely identifies a nonconformance incident. When you archive SFCs. Primary and Secondary NC Codes When an operator logs an NC against an SFC in a nonconformance client that uses incident number. Incident Numbers and Archiving It is possible for one incident number to span multiple SFCs and multiple nonconformances of the same SFC. For more information about defining numbering patterns. However. the operator must enter an incident number in the POD when he or she logs an NC with a primary NC code. It is also possible for one SFC to include multiple incident numbers.

and repair PCA boards to view and interact with GenCAD.1. You can provide this with the PCA Dashboard POD. see Appendix section of this guide. You use the graphical (PCA) nonconformance clients to set up the PCA Dashboard for operators. The following illustration shows the PCA Dashboard: The graphical (PCA) nonconformance clients that come with the system are: PCA_TEST PCA_INSPECTION PCA_ANALYSIS SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.a3p files for those boards. To allow the operators to use the PCA Dashboard you need to install the PCA server. analyze. For more information. inspect. The PCA Dashboard allows operators who test. GenCAM or .3 Setting Up Nonconformance 21 . This allows you to incorporate engineering changes quickly.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients Operators who work with PCA boards may require graphical schematics of the product.

and repairs). Nonconformance client PCA_TEST Description Use for operators who pass or fail boards by testing them manually. PCA (after changing the NC Client field on the Main tab to PCA_ANALYSIS) PCA (after changing the NC Client field on the Main tab to PCA_INSPECTION) Standard POD PCA SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Operators can log only secondary NC codes (defects). Operators cannot use IPASS or FPASS.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 22 . retrieve the nonconformance client you want in NC Client Maintenance and review its setting. PCA_ANALYSIS Use for operators who recommend corrective actions for boards: Operators can view failure information generated by a testing station or entered by other operators. The Failure Data area displays NC codes and Failure IDs. Operators can view previously entered comments in the Comments tab. Operators can use IPASS.1. defects. visually. Failure IDs. The PCA Dashboard displays the Verified Defects chart. Operators can enter comments in the Comments tab. and the standard PODs that come with the system: Note: For all details. Operators cannot use IPASS or FPASS.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients PCA_REPAIR PCA_COMBINED The following table describes how the graphical (PCA) nonconformance clients relate to nonconformance. or with an automatic tester: Operators can log only primary NC codes. The Failure Data area displays NC codes and Ref Des’s. analyze. and Ref Des’s. Operators can view previously entered comments in the Comments tab. The Failure Data area displays NC codes. PCA_INSPECTION Use for operators who test. and repair boards at the same operation: Operators can log primary and secondary NC codes (failures.

Operators can use IPASS and FPASS.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients Nonconformance client PCA_REPAIR Description Use for operators who repair boards: Operators can view information entered by other operators at analysis operations. The Failure Data area displays NC codes. and Ref Des’s. PCA (after changing the NC Client field on the Main tab to PCA_COMBINED) Standard POD PCA (after changing the NC Client field on the Main tab to PCA_REPAIR) SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.1. Operators can use FPASS. The PCA Dashboard displays the Verified Defects chart above the Comments tab. Operators can log only secondary NC codes (repairs). and Ref Des’s.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 23 . The PCA Dashboard does not display verified defects. The Failure Data area displays NC codes. Operators can enter comments in the Comments tab. Failure IDs. Failure IDs. Operators can enter comments in the Comments tab. PCA_COMBINED Use for operators who recommend corrective actions and repair boards at the same location: Operators can log only secondary NC codes (defects and repairs).

PCA workstation Operation Fail TEST Pass Operation ANALYZE PCA workstation with PCA_ANALYSIS REPAIR PCA workstation with PCA_REPAIR SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Scenario A Scenario A illustrates the case when you use three separate operations for TEST.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients Typical Scenarios for the Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients The following illustration shows three typical scenarios using the graphical (PCA) nonconformance clients at different steps on the router.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 24 . and REPAIR.1. ANALYZE.

Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients Scenario B Scenario B illustrates the case when you have a separate TEST operation but you combine the ANALYZE and REPAIR steps into one operation. and REPAIR steps at one location. PCA workstation with PCA_INSPECTION Operation TEST-ANALYZEREPAIR Pass Operation SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 25 . ANALYZE.1. PCA workstation Operation Fail TEST Pass Operation ANALYZE-REPAIR PCA workstation with PCA_COMBINED Scenario C Scenario C illustrates the case when an operator performs the TEST.

Note: Enabled only in Analysis or Combined mode. the system displays active SFCs in the Active Work List. Most often used when an operator or machine logs a test failure NC in error. Does not log a repair or verify defects. To work with these SFCs. NC500 (with a PCA nonconformance client) SFCACT SIGNOFF COMP D2B TR700 PR520 Not associated. Note: You must install and run the D2B server before the system can display graphical files. Not associated. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Use also when pulling samples. GenCAM or .1. PCA Displays the PCA Dashboard in the lower half of the POD in the mode specified by the nonconformance client for the POD. Completes the SFC and sends it to the next operation as though it passed the test. Completes selected SFCs and sends them to the next step on the router. NC500 (with a PCA nonconformance client) POD Button Activity PR500. The user can then work with the selected SFCs. Returns selected SFCs to the Task list with the In Queue status.a3p). Note: To correctly route an IPASS. The user clicks this button after selecting active SFCs in the Active Work List. the user selects them in the Active Work List and clicks the PCA button.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 26 . Enables and disables the D2B Viewer for displaying graphical files (GenCAD. then displays the PCA Dashboard in the lower half of the POD in the mode specified by the nonconformance client for the POD. Displays the SFC report. See the section on routers in Setting Up Production Lines. Not associated. IPASS Implied pass. When the user opens the PCA Dashboard. you must use the IPASS variable in scripts in Router Maintenance.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients PCA Dashboard Buttons The following table describes the buttons that appear on the PCA Dashboard: Button START Description Starts the selected SFCs at the entered operation and resource.

WI500 Not associated. SENDEVENT SY550 SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Used most often when a repair operator has retested an SFC and verified the defect. Note: To correctly route an FPASS. SCRAP Scraps the SFC(s). Displays the Event Send Client. POD Button Activity Not associated. you must use the FPASS variable in scripts in Router Maintenance. Completes the SFC and sends it to the next operation instead of back to the test operation.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 27 . Note: Enabled only in Repair or Combined mode.Working with Graphical (PCA) Nonconformance Clients Button FPASS Description Forced pass. You must set up work instruction before users can view them. Operators can use the Event Send Client to create and send event notification messages.1. Note: The system removes scrapped SFCs from the WIP database when they are archived. See the section on routers in Setting Up Production Lines. WORKINSTRUCTION Allows the operator to view work instructions.

.

What Comes with the System? The system comes with about a hundred NC codes you can use for DPMO. The system supports the standardized DPMO methodology as defined in the IPC-9261 standard. Calculating DPMO Assigning DPMO categories to NC codes in NC Code Maintenance determines how the system calculates DPMO for that NC code. see the online help for NC Code Maintenance and NC Group Maintenance. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Note: The system installs DPMO codes and categories only if. Combined with the system’s nonconformance capabilities. focused on printed board assembly manufacturing. use the browse in NC Code Maintenance and NC Group Maintenance to check whether the DPMO codes and categories listed in the online help appear. DPMO can provide feedback and track defects seen at inspection and test to the appropriate root cause operation. The following DPMO categories come with the system and correspond to the names of the DPMO-related NC groups that come with the system: Assembly – Assembly DPMO is the number of assembly defects divided by the number of assembly opportunities (number of assemblies processed) multiplied by 1. Each of these codes is already assigned a DPMO category and to one of the DPMO-related NC groups that come with the system: Assembly Component Placement Termination For a list of these codes and their categories.000.000. your installer selects Yes in the Application Server NC codes for DPMO screen.000.000. DPMO helps you measure defects so you can reduce them. Component – Component DPMO is the number of component defects divided by the number of component opportunities multiplied by 1.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 29 .1.Using DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities) What Is DPMO? DPMO (defects per million opportunities) is a standardized quality measurement that calculates defect levels. This screen asks whether to install additional NC codes associated with the IPC 9261 specification. during installation. To ensure this. Commonly used with quality systems such as Six Sigma.

and the number of opportunities defined for the item that have the possibility of being defective.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 30 . the operator has to choose the operation. If multiple root cause operations are available.1.000. Defining the Root Cause Operation You use Data Type Maintenance to determine whether the DPMO root cause operation is defined during the nonconformance process.000. Required – Displays the Root Cause Op field in the nonconformance activity so that the operator can choose the root cause operation. Applicable for only those processes. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. You must select one of the following in the Root Cause Operation field: Optional – Displays the Root Cause Op field in the nonconformance activity so that the operator can optionally choose the root cause operation. You identify which category the system uses to calculate DPMO for the item. The operations you define appear in the Root Cause Operation browser when an operator clicks on the Root Cause Op field’s browse button in the PCA Dashboard and/or the Nonconformance activities. Defining DPMO for Specific Items You use Item Maintenance to control how DPMO is defined for an item. Termination – Termination DPMO is the number of termination defects divided by the number of termination opportunities multiplied by 1.000. the operation at which defects for the item can be assigned. the operation is selected automatically.Using DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities) Placement – The number of placement defects divided by the number of placement opportunities multiplied by 1. If only one root cause operation is available. where components are placed.000.

Set up activity hooks for NC codes. Defect. 4. Create primary and secondary NC codes according to the NC hierarchy you want to use on your floor. assign NC data types to NC codes. In System Rule Maintenance. Categorize each NC code as a Failure. set up DPMO. If desired. set up Standalone Failure Tracking. set up the Fast Barcode Interface and how operators can close NC codes. 2.Setting Up Nonconformance Setting Up Nonconformance To set up Nonconformance: 1. do the following: Group and create NC codes. Create any custom fields you require. 7. Create or retrieve the NC code to be a primary code.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 31 . Move the secondary NC codes you want on the next level to the Valid Secondaries list on the Secondaries tab. change any NC-related rule as needed for your shop floor. 3. As needed. define the parameters and default values of NC codes. 8. Select the Can Be Primary Code check box on the Main tab. in NC Code Maintenance 1. In the NC category in Data Type Maintenance. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. If desired. In NC Code Maintenance and NC Group Maintenance. If desired. 2. Create disposition routers and/or set up function-based dispositioning. Write scripts to automatically send nonconformed SFCs to a next step based on criteria. assign DPMO categories to NC codes. If desired. 5. 3. In NC Code table of Default Value Maintenance. in Router Maintenance: Create repair loops. create the data types you want to associate with NC codes and select the predefined fields you want to appear in the POD. If you want to use DPMO. or Repair. 6. Set up the POD for Nonconformance.1. Creating Primary and Secondary NC Codes To create a primary NC Code.

Select the NC code for which you want to override the Maximum NC Limit and click the details icon in the corresponding row. and move the secondary’s name to the Valid Secondaries list on the Secondaries tab. Ensure the Can Be Primary Code check box on the Main tab is cleared. enter information about the drawing in the Drawing Name field. You can use different D2B servers for some clients for load balancing.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 32 . Setting Up the POD for Nonconformance To set up the POD for Nonconformance: 1. If you are using the PCA Dashboard: In Item Maintenance. change the current value to a greater one and click OK. Retrieve the primary code you want to associate the secondary with. Click Save. 2. Create or retrieve the NC code to be a secondary code. in System Rule Maintenance make sure there are values for the mail server and the mail source address. 4. In System Rule Maintenance or NC Client Maintenance. Result: The system closes the window and returns to the Nonconformance Limit Override window. you can leave the Can Be Primary Code check box cleared when you create NC codes. 3. 2. Note: Because Event Types are most often connected to nonconformance. Setting Up and Overriding Maximum NC Limit To restrict the number of times an NC code can be logged against the particular SFC: 1. Note: You can repeat steps 3-4 to change the Maximum NC Limit for additional NC codes. Note: If you do not want to create a hierarchy.Setting Up Nonconformance To create a secondary NC Code. 3. See online help for the Drawing Name field on the Main tab for information about how to enter the path and file name for the CAD file on the D2B server. Click Save. In Default Value Maintenance. In the SFC field. 2. 3. To override the maximum NC limit when NC code exceeds this value: 1.1. enter the value of the D2B server. In Nonconformance Limit Override. Change the maximum NC limit to the desired value other than 0. identify the SFC for which you want to override the maximum NC limit and click Retrieve. Note: You can also click the browse icon to select an SFC. browse for NC_Code in the Parent Table Name field and click Retrieve. in NC Code Maintenance 1. In the Maximum NC Limit field. Result: The system opens the NC Code Details window. Result: The system displays the table containing a record for NC Code logged against this SFC. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. select NC Code from the Type drop-down list. 5.

create new ones in NC Client Maintenance. 2. Note: The As-Built link is not necessary for operators using this feature. 4. On the Basic Log NC (FBI) and/or Advanced Log NC tab in NC Client Maintenance: Select the Auto Remove/Replace NC Components check box. make sure the NC codes you want operators to log with this feature are associated with data types that contain the Component and/or Ref Des field(s).3 Setting Up Nonconformance 33 . Also create any nonconformance lists you need in List Maintenance. enter LOG_NC_FBI in the NC Client field. On the Advanced Log NC tab in NC Client Maintenance. create a row for the nonconformance button and associate it with the nc500 POD button activity.bat file to run in a scheduler and that the file has been run at least once.1. In POD Maintenance: On the Buttons tab. Note: You can retrieve an existing nonconformance client to use as a template and save it under another name. enter a nonconformance client in the NC Client field in Operation Maintenance. Give the operators you want to use the Fast Barcode Interface access to this POD. create a button associated with Log NC with Multi RefDes (NC515). 3. For more information. If the nonconformance clients that come with the system do not meet your needs. enter the client you want for this POD in the NC Client field on the Main tab. Allowing Operators to Auto Remove/Replace NC’d Components To allow operators to auto remove/replace NC’d components: 1. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. select None in the As-Built Link Location field.Setting Up Nonconformance 2. If desired. 2. Note: If any PCA Dashboard users are to use Analysis or Repair mode. On the Main tab. On the Buttons tab. 3. When an operator using this workstation clicks the nonconformance button. Setting Up the Fast Barcode Interface for Operators To set up the Fast Barcode Interface: 1. This value overrides the value in POD Maintenance. In NC Code Maintenance. In POD Maintenance. Specify the disposition router where you want the system to send the removed component in the Component Disposition Router field. ensure a System Administrator has set the FailureHistoryExtract. see “Determining Operator User Groups” and “Controlling How Users Open the POD” in the Setting Up PODs guide. Running this batch file is necessary to display the Verified Defects chart in the PCA Dashboard in Repair mode. the system uses the settings in the nonconformance client to determine what to display to the user.

in NC Code Maintenance: SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. To set up DPMO: 1. define the primary NC and select the Secondary Required for Close check box on the Main tab. In NC Client Maintenance. Setting Up Standalone Failure Tracking Standalone Failure Tracking can be used to log and edit nonconformances against a single or multiple SFCs outside of the POD without some of the customary validation enforced when logging nonconformance from the POD. On the Rules tab: Define NC client as an activity rule. 3. The root cause operation is the upstream failure operation in the repair loop. This NC Client must exist as having been defined in NC Client Maintenance.1. Setting Up DPMO Note: The system comes with about a hundred NC codes you can use for DPMO. In Activity Maintenance. Give the operators you want to allow to close multiple primary NCs with one secondary NC access to this POD. Select the Show Select NC Batch Button check box. enter NC 540 (Standalone Failure Tracking) in the Activity field. Define the Operation option and set it to true or false. If you need to create additional NC codes to use in conjunction with DPMO. For more information. see “Determining Operator User Groups” and “Controlling How Users Open the POD” in the Setting Up PODs guide.Setting Up Nonconformance Allowing Operators to Close Multiple Primary NCs with One Secondary NC To allow an operator to close multiple primary NCs with one secondary NC: 1. 2. Create an NC data type in Data Type Maintenance that includes the Root Cause Operation field set to either Optional or Required. Define the Resource option and set it to true or false. retrieve a client where the user can log secondary NCs and on the Advanced Log NC tab: Select the Display Failure Data Tree check box.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 34 . Operators must enter the root cause operation when they use DPMO-related NC codes. 4. ensure that Enabled and Visible in Activity Manager check boxes are selected. On the Main tab. 2. 2. In NC Code Maintenance. To set up Standalone Failure Tracking: 1. 3. retrieve the POD(s) you will use for these operators and enter the nonconformance client in the previous step in the NC Client field. Click Save. On the Main tab in POD Maintenance. and thereby indicates the root cause of the problem. Each of these codes is already assigned a DPMO category and to one of the DPMO-related NC groups that come with the system.

3 Setting Up Nonconformance 35 . The operation at which operators can log a defect NC code with a DPMO category.000. you can assign some or all NC codes in a DPMO category to an NC group of the same name. Example Scenario An analysis operator logs the PARTMISALIGNED NC code to SFC ABC123 that represents PCBOARD. the system performs the calculation specified by the DPMO category and writes the results in the DPMO report. identify: Which category the system uses to calculate DPMO for the item. Note: Once you assign DPMO categories to defect NC codes.Setting Up Nonconformance Assign DPMO categories to NC codes. Therefore. For the DPMO codes that come with the system. You can assign a DPMO category only to an NC code of category Defect. These DPMO NC groups come with the system. If desired. the category appears in NC Group Maintenance. Specify the NC Data Type you created in the previous step. For example. The system writes the results in the DPMO report along with the Root Cause operation entered by the analysis operator. In the DPMO tab of Item Maintenance. revision A. the NC data type is PCA. The system also sends this information to several DPMO-related ODS reports. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. revision A multiplied by 1. The number of opportunities on this item that has the possibility of being defective. a particular PC board may have 200 areas in its circuitry where it could fail. the system calculates the number of placement defects divided by the number of placement opportunities entered in Item Maintenance for PCBOARD. The PARTMISALIGNED NC code is assigned the PLACEMENT DPMO category. 3. Results When an operator logs an NC against an SFC representing an item with information in the DPMO tab.000.1.

.

VisipriseMfg_PCAD_50. 5. The default program folder. Read the welcome information and click Next. 4. Visiprise\VisipriseMfg\PCA Server. The system launches the install program for the read-only version of the GR Force/D2B. The Extracting Files message appears. 2. 3. The Select Program Folder dialog box appears. The Update message appears. Click Next on the Choose Destination Location dialog box. The Choose Destination Location dialog box appears. Read the Welcome screen and click Next. and the GR Force/D2B ReadOnly – InstallShield Wizard dialog box appears. The License Agreement dialog box appears. The system launches the install program for the read-only version of the GR Force/D2B. To select an alternate product directory.exe. and the Choose Folder dialog box appears. Navigate to the drive and directory in which you want to install the SAP Manufacturing Execution PCA Server program files. 7. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. Use the scroll bar to view the entire agreement. is displayed in the Program Folders field. Use this screen to specify the location on the hard drive where the SAP Manufacturing Execution PCA Server program files will be located.Appendix: Installing PCA Server Step 1. When you are finished. 6.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 37 . followed shortly by the Welcome screen. Click Yes to accept the software license agreement.1. The default installation directory location is: C:\Visiprise\VisipriseMfg\PCA Server. Read the welcome information and click Next. click OK to return to the Choose Destination Location dialog box. Use this screen to specify the program folder for the PCA Server. This screen contains the end-user software license agreement for PCA Server. located in the PCA directory. Action Insert the SAP Manufacturing Execution installation CD into the server machine and run the setup file. and the GR Force/D2B Setup dialog box appears. click the Browse button. Note: This message appears only if the server does not have the correct version of JRE installed. Click Next to accept the default program folder.

The D2B install starts and displays the Setup Status of the installation. Use this screen to specify the location on the hard drive where the GR Force/D2B program files will be located.com/test-design/design-to-build/viewer. 11. you may obtain a license key by accessing http://www.1. Click Finish. Refer to the System Administration Guide for instructions on obtaining and installing a license.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 38 . The installation program displays the Start Copying Files dialog box. you must restart your computer later. Review the settings. Click the Browse button to select an alternate folder. The default program folder.teradyne. such as: C:\Visiprise\GR Force D2B When you are finished. Click Next. The default program folder. 12. 10. c:\GenRad\GR Force D2B. 15. Action The Choose Destination Location dialog box appears. Start the server by selecting Start > Programs > Visiprise > VisipriseMfg > PCA Server > Start PCA Server. After installing the D2B viewer. is displayed.html. 14. Navigate to the drive and directory in which you want to install the SAP Manufacturing Execution files. Click Next. Enter Visiprise\GR Force D2B. After a few moments. 16. you do not need a separate license. At the completion of the installation. Click Next. the PCA Server has finished selecting Components dialog box appears. The Setup Complete message appears. The installation program displays the Select Program Folder dialog box. GenRad\GR Force D2B.Appendix: Installing PCA Server Step 8. the InstallShield Wizard Complete message appears. Using the PCA Viewer Server Note: If you plan to use the PCA Dashboard capabilities of SAP Manufacturing Execution without running the underlying D2B Viewer as a standalone application. then click Next to start copying files. If you select No. Refer to the following procedure only after working with your PSO representative to determine if you need a D2B license. The Choose Folder dialog box appears. 9. 13. is displayed in the Program Folders field. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5. click OK to return to the Choose Destination Location dialog box. Select the option you want for restarting your computer and click Finish to complete the installation.

which can be obtained using the D2B software's License Manager. You will find the necessary value in the Server Code field: Once you receive the license key from the website by email.1.Appendix: Installing PCA Server Choose the Register Now option and provide the required information. The standalone viewer will use your license key and the PCA Viewer called by the POD will not be able to run. Note: When running the PCA Viewer Server. make sure that you do not have an instance of the standalone D2B viewer running. Do this by selecting Start > Programs > Visiprise > GR Force D2B > Tools > License Manager. enter the value into the Key field displayed by the License Manager and click Install Key. You will need the GRA3LM Server Code for your installation. This will activate your D2B viewer. SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 39 .

.

32 N NC codes categories. 29 DPMO (defects per million opportunities). 16. 11 P PCA Dashboard. 7. 34 Setting up Nonconformance. 32 M maximum NC limit. 21 buttons. 17 C Closing incidents. 34 Setting up the POD for Nonconformance. 7. 1 benefits. 9 V Verifying defects. 19 SAP Manufacturing Execution 5.3 Setting Up Nonconformance 41 . 10. 10 D Defect. 9 F Failure. 20 S Secondary NC codes. 3 setting up. 9 closing. 7. 10 numbers. 16. 33 graphical (PCA). 9 Repair loops. 9 Fast Barcode Interface (FBI). 33 H Hierarchy NC codes. 1 nonconformance. 34 setting up the POD. 29 root cause. 7. 15 standard scenarios. 9 Setting up DPMO. 21 graphical (PCA) scenarios. 10 primary and secondary. 10 Closing NC codes. 30 specific items.Index B Barcodes and NCs. 26 Nonconformance.1. 30 O Operations. 9 Defects per million opportunities (DPMO). 1 routers. 33 Buttons PCA Dashboard. 9 R Repair. 31 setting up DPMO. 32 Nonconformance clients Fast Barcode Interface. 3 Routers. 24 standard. 16. 3 I Incidents closing. 26 Primary NC codes. 31 Setting up Standalone Failure Tracking.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful