NAZCA LINES, PERU - THE SANSKRIT CONNECTION TO ITS NAME Nazca, best known for the Nazca lines

which are believed to have had astronomical functions, is located in the Peruvian arid desert and the Pampas de Jumana, some 400 km south of Lima, the capital of Peru. The geoglyphs of Nazca depict giant geometric forms (triangles, trapezoids, parallel lines) and biomorphs (birds, plants, and human-like forms) etched into the surface of the desert. The geoglyphs were made by scraping the dark surface of the stones exposing the lighter soil beneath. In the local language Quechua, 'Nazca' means the land of 'suffering' and 'sorrow'. That sums up this barren land and the difficult terrain of the Nazca valley, which sees the confluence of many seasonal Peruvian rivers before they flow into the Pacific across the coastal Andes mountains. Nazca is known to have been named after the Nazca River (Rio Grande de Nazca). This is an attempt to decode the word 'Nazca' with the help of Sanskrit, a language which bears an uncanny resemblance to Quechua.

In Sanskrit, one of the closest related cognates of 'Nazca' or 'Nasca' is 'nissah' ( ) which means 'suffering' and 'unbearable' as does the Quechua 'nazca' - which refers to the difficult terrain and the severe arid conditions of the valley. The Nazca are fed only by summer rains in the highlands. Watercourses are otherwise dry for most parts of the year. The Nazca desert is one of the driest on Earth. An even more appropriate word which describes the Nazca valley is the Sanskrit 'nishshah' ( ) which means

that too has restrained erosion here. But they take us away from the Quechua meaning of the word Nazca. For more on the Sanskrit connection to 'Korikancha' and 'Virakocha'.it is one of the driest area in the world . the Sanskrit words that most accurately describe the Nazca valley.once again Jumana is a close cognate of 'Yamuna'. the name of a river in the plains of India. Examples include 'KoriKancha' ( ) and 'Virakocha' ( ). also pronounced as 'Jamuna'.and that has helped preserve the geoglyphs here. rather than the more often cited 'Biru'. Many cites and ancient monuments in Peru have names which are identical phonetically and in meaning to Sanskrit words. Pampas de Jumana has an interesting feature . However.'overpowering'. Also. are 'ni-sneh' ( ) and 'ni-srav' ( ) which both mean 'without moisture'. which was the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel. or 'golden mountain'. Many scholars have long argued that the word 'Peru' may have named after the Sanskrit 'peru' ( ) which means 'sun'. the warm air here acts as a cushion and forces the winds to change direction . . click here and here. Panama. in the 16th century. The word 'yamana' (यमन in Sanskrit means that which ) 'restrains' and 'binds'. Another Peruvian name is the Pampas de Jumana .

. resplendent 'Trident of Paracas' that dates back to an era prior to the etching of the Nazca lines. For a note on the Sanskrit connection to the name 'Paracas' click here. As an aside. the geoglphs of Nazca resemble the nearby motifs of Paracas. as more and more ancient cites are excavated and their names reveal closeness to Sanskrit.Is the likeness of Peruvian names to Sanskrit a coincidence? Possible. But. ignoring the leads may only de-accelerate the pace of unveiling the truths of world history. The best known of the Paracas motifs is the shining.

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