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( The Ten Promised Paradise) Taken from the book The Precious Pearls by Darussalam

) (: Abu Bakr AsSiddeeq

He was born 2 years and some months after the birth of the prophet ( ) in Makkah. He was amongst the first to accept Islam. He was the friend of Allaahs Messenger ( ) during his youth up until his old age, in good times and of time of distress. The story of the Hijrah and the incidents in the Cave of Thawr were lessons showing us how a strong friendship could be.
His eemaan was strong, and he was known for his eloquent speech, generosity and considerate treatment of the people. He was from the leaders of the Quraish and one of the wealthy people in Makkah. He treated his wealth as if it belonged to the community of the believers.

( : ) Umar Ibn al-Khattab He was born 3 years after the Year of the Elephant. He was one of the noblemen and ambassadors of the Quraish. He was fair in complexion, bald, thick-bearded, and he was tall. When he walked, people said he appeared to be riding. His beard hair was long and grey at the ends. The prophet ( ) gave him the title Al-Farooq (the
one distinguishing between right and wrong).

He was fair, slender, slightly bent-backed and had a slender face with large hollow eyes. His forehead protruded slightly, and he dyed his hair with henna mixed with Katam (a plant that produces a reddish-black dye). Abu Bakr suffered from the persecution of the polytheists just like the prophet ( ) and underwent severe physical abuse. The
polytheists once hit him so severely that it was difficult to distinguish his nose on his face.

Umar ( ) narrates the story of his being named alFarooq as saying, Hamzah ( ) had embraced Islam three days before my conversion. Then, Allaah laid open my heart to Islaam. Having uttered the Testimony of Faith, I said to Allaahs Messenger ( ,) Are we not upon the truth whether we live or die? Allaahs Messenger () said: Yes indeed, you are upon the truth whether you live or die. Umar said, Why do we hide then? By Him, who has sent you with the truth we must go out. So we went out in two lines. Hamzah led one and I led the other till we entered the mosque. He died in Madinah on Dhul-Hijjah 23H (aged 63). He was Khaleefah for 10 years and 6 months.

He died in Madinah on Jumaadal-Aakhirah 13H (aged 63). He was Khaleefah for 2 years and 3 months.

:( ) Uthmaan ibn Affaan He was born in Taif six years after the Year of the Elephant. He was nicknamed after his son Abdullaah from Ruqayyah bint Muhammad ( .) Abdullaah died when he was six years old. Uthmaan was also known as ( Abu Amr) and ( Dhun-Noorayn the poccessor of the two lights) because he was married to Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum, two of the prophets () daughters. He was neither tall nor short and he was handsome with wheat coloured hair and a thick healthy beard. He was big-boned and wide-shouldered. He was known to dye his beard yellow and he had heavy hair with a thick growth of hair behind his ears. He was one of the earliest to accept Islaam as he was always inclined to goodness. He was known for his extreme shyness. He was often found in the home of Abu Bakr before Islaam. Upon the migration of Uthmaan and his wife to Abyssinia, the prophet ( ) said: May Allaah accompany them, as Uthmaan was the first to emigrate to Allaah after the prophet Lut. He died in Madinah on Dhul-Hijjah 35H (aged 80+). He was Khaleefah for 11 years and 11 months.
The muslim world is thankful for the compilation of the Mushaf today because of Uthmaans work to gather up the scrolls of the prophet ( ) in order to compile them into one mushaf.

( : ) Alee Ibn Abee Taalib / He was a Quraishite, with both of his parents from the Quraish tribe. He was born in Makkah 23 years before the emigration and 10 years before the prophet ( ) was blessed with the revelation. He was of noble lineage and he had a high status among the companions of the prophet ( .) He was included in the Statement of Allaah (Surah alAhzaab: 33). His father Abu Taalib was not well off and he had several children. The prophet ( ) wanted to help his uncle, so he took Alee to live under his care while he was still a child. Alee was brought up in the house of Allaahs Messenger ( .) Alee had a blood relation and relation through marriage with the prophet ( ) as he was married to Faatimah bint Muhammad (.) His father Abu Taalib was one of the dignitaries of the Quraish. He played an important part in protecting Allaahs Messenger ( ) in the beginning of his Message. Alee was fair, wide-eyed and had a broad forehead. His hair was thick, both on his head and in the beard area. When he became old, his hair turned grey, but he did not dye it. He had a cheerful demeanour that matched his handsome face, and he was broad shouldered. The muscles in his shoulders were like that of a lions. When he was born his mother named him Haider (which means lion). Despite his courage, power and noble lineage, Alee was modest. Pride was something that never entered his heart. His bravery earned him the title of Lion of Allaah. He died in Koofah on Ramadaan 40H (aged 63). He was khaleefah for 4 years and 9 months.

( ) ahTaThnb nai hhhaaT : h He was from the first eight persons to accept Islaam. His lineage meets with Abu Bakr. Talhah was black in complexion with thick but straight hair. He was handsome, and he walked with a quick stride. He did not dye his grey hair. Talhah was one of the companions given the glad tidings of Paradise for his truthfulness, piety, pure belief, forbearance against the polytheists and his struggle in the cause of Allaah. Once the prophet ( ,) Abu Bakr, Umar, Alee, Uthmaan,Talhah and Az-Zubayr were on Mount Uhud and it moved. Thereupon, the prophet ( ) said: Be firm. There is only a Prophet, a truthful one, and a martyr on you. (Bukhari/Tirmidhi) His sole aim in this life was Paradise it was not the temporary pleasures found in this material life. His aim was the Hereafter, not the perishable life. He loved the Messenger ( ) and loving the Messenger ( ) is the first sign of belief. It was narrated that whenever The Day of Uhud was mentioned, Abu Bakr would say, That was the day of Talhah. This was because of his daring fighting and his defence of the prophet ( .) He fought until his many wounds weakened him. He died in Basrah (or close to Basrah) on Jumaadal-Aakhirah 36H (aged 62) at the battlefield of the Camel.

( : ) Az-Zubayr ibn Al-Awwaam He was related to the prophet ( .) His mother was Safiyyah bint Abdul Muttalib. Az-Zubayr was an orphan. His mother felt how hard life could hence she was very grateful to have her son with her. She wanted him to know how to use a sword and a spear and she wanted him to become a man of dignity. She worked very hard and was stern with him. Halah bint Wuhaib, the maternal aunt of the prophet ( ) was the grandmother of Az-Zubayr. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid was the paternal aunt of Az-Zubayrs grandmother. He married Asma bint Abu Bakr. There were blood and marriage relationships between him and the Messenger (.) He was very tall, his hair was thick but his beards hair was sparse. He was light brown, and he did not dye his hair but left it grey. He had the honour of being the first to draw his sword in the way of Allaah. He participated in all of the battles with the prophet ( .) He was an extremely courageous horseman and a unique warrior. The prophet ( )instituted a brotherhood between him and Abdullaah ibn Masood in Makkah and between him and Salamah bin Salaamah bin Waqash in Madinah. He had heard many ahadeeth from the prophet ( ,) yet he narrated few for fear that he would utter that which the prophet ( ) did not say. He feared committing any act of disobedience. He died in Waadee as-Sibaa` near Basrah on Jumaadal-Aakhirah 36H (Aged 66 or 67) returning from the battle of the Camel (which he did not take part in).

( ) : Abdurrahman bin Awf He was born in the 10th year after The Year of the Elephant. Abdurrahman was light in complexion and had lustrous eyes with long eyelashes. He had a convex nose and a long elegant neck. He had protruding upper teeth and heavy hair under his earlobes. His hands and fingers were thick and masculine. He had curly hair and was overall handsome. He had a limp due to the wounds inflicted on him on the Day of Uhud. When he joined Islaam, the Muslims could be counted on two hands. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He was a gifted teacher andhad a profound religious knowledge. He used to narrate from the prophet (.) He feared Allaah greatly, even though he was one of the ten who had been given the glad tidings of Paradise. He gave away a load of a caravan of seven hundred camels laden with wheat and flour in the way of Allaah. (Narrated by Anas reported by Ahmad). The prophet ( ) instituted a brotherhood pact between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi Al-Ansari, in Madinah. He led the prophet ( ) in prayer when he and the prophet ( ) were on a journey. None have acquired such a glorious deed except him and Abu Bakr (during the fatal illness of the prophet (.)) He died in Madinah on 31AH (aged 72). Uthmaan ibn Affaan ledthe people in his funeral prayer and he was buried in Al-Baqi.

( ) : Sad bin Abee Waqqaas He is related to the uncles of the prophet (.) He was short in height and had a brown complexion. His hair was curly, and he was particularly known for his sharp vision. He was amongst the group of the foremost to accept Islaam. His acceptance was speedy showing that his soul inclined towards goodness and his mind was open to realizing the truth. He tried to continue to obey his mother although she was not Muslim. His mother said, O Sad! What is this religion you have turned to? You must leave or I will not eat or drink until I die. Sad did not obey his mother in this rather he chose his religion. (Muslim / Ahmad) This stance remembered him as a brave hero. He was the first to shoot an arrow. He was an expert archer. He was a brave and fearless warrior who was present at the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. Alee said that the prophet ( ) never mentioned both of his parents (in statement) for anyone other than Sad bin Abee Waqqaas. The prophet ( ) said on the Day of Uhud: Sad shoot them! May my father and mother be sacrificed for you! (Muslim / Tirmidhi) He died in his house in Madinah (at Waadee al-Aqeeq) on 55H (aged at 73). He was buried in Al-Baqi. He was the last of the 10 promised Paradise to die.

( : ) Saeed bin Zayd His paternal uncle was Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, because his grandfather Abu Zayd Amr bin nufail and Al-Khattaab bin Nufail, the father of Umar, were brothers. Saeed was the husband of Fatimah, the sister of Umar and Saeeds sister Atikah was Umars wife. Fatimah played a key role in Umars acceptance of Islaam. Saeed was very dark, tall and had thick hair. Allaah guided his mother Fatimah bint Bajah to Islaam. His father Zayd bin Amr bin Nufail was upon Haneefiyyah (the innate pure nature). He knew that besides Allaah what his people worshipped were mere stones that could neither benefit nor harm them. He fled to Syria to escape the idol worshipping, seeking the true religion. He came to know some Jews and Christians but saw their hypocrisy and deviation. He said, O Allaah! I follow the religion of Ibraaheem. Zayd died 5 years before the prophet ( ) received the revelation, he died seeking the true religion and for this he was deemed a Muslim (Surah at-Tawbah 9:100). Saeed was a dauntless warrior who devoted himself to the way of Allaah. He was a brave horseman and witnessed many battles. He had a high ranking amongst the companions as he was one of the first to accept Islaam. The rightly guided Caliphs used to consult him and gave his opinions and verdicts priority. He died in Madinah (in al-Aqeeq) in the year 51AH, at some 70 years of age. Umar and Sad helped put him in his grave.

( : ) Abu Ubaydah Aamir bin Abdullaah bin Al-Jarrah Allaahs Messenger ( ) gave him the title Ameen (The Trustworthy of the Ummah. The prophet ( ) said: Every nation has an Ameen (i.e., the most trustworthy, honest man), and the Ameen of this nation is Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah. He was known by his kunya Abu Ubaydah and his grandfathers name name Al-Jarrah. He was tall, slender and had a sparse beard. He had no front teeth, and he dyed his hair with Henna and Al-Katm. He was one of the first ten to embrace Islaam, and to support the Messenger ( ) while the Muslims were few and persecution was severe. He was one of the five who reverted to Islaam in a single day, through Abu Bakr As-Siddiq. Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah was pious, had a good character, strength of belief and firm in being truthful. He was amongst those who spent three tough years with the prophet ( ) and other Muslims under siege in the valley called Shib Abee Taalib (Abu Taalibs valley). He did not migrate to Abyssinia as he did not find it proper to leave the prophet ( ) to face the oppressors alone in Makkah. The prophet ( ) established fraternal ties between Abu Ubaydah and Sad ibn Muadh in Madinah. He fought against his father in the Battle of Badr. He tried to avoid fighting him but they finally met face to face and he killed his father and Allaah revealed the Ayah 58:22. He died at the age of 58 years in Jordan when he was infected by a plague. Muadh ibn Jabal led his funeral prayer.