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Standards on the move
C2CCC Demonstration Event | Dudenhofen
ETSI 2008. All Rights Reserved

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ITS - Where the intelligence is

Road Transport
Safety Traffic Management Environment

Railways Aeronautical Where does it happen? ETSI Technical Committee Intelligent Transport Systems

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Road Transport | Overview

40 000+ road deaths per year (EU25 2005) 1 700 000 injured persons (EU25 2005) Human error involved in 93% of the accidents

Traffic Management
Congestions represent loss of 1% GDP yearly 10% of the road network congested daily

71% of EU oil consumption goes to transport 60% of that transport represent road transport
Source: European Commission

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Road Transport | Safety

Roadside-to-vehicle communications
Roadside equipment sends warning messages On board equipment receives these messages Driver is made aware well in advance and has more time to react Examples
Road works areas, speed limits, dangerous curves, intersections

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Road Transport | Safety

Vehicle-to-vehicle communications
Dedicated vehicles send warning messages to other road users On board equipment receives these messages Driver is made aware of such events and can react accordingly Examples
Emergency services, traffic checks, dragnet controls

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Road Transport | Safety

Vehicle-to-vehicle communications
Vehicles can send messages to other vehicles Point-to-point or meshed communications Examples
Accidents Congestions Road conditions Blind spot warning Lane change assistance

Get warned before it is too late Get informed well in advance

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Vehicular Communications (1/4)

Do they understand each other?


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Vehicular Communications (2/4)

Protocol standards
data formats content language

Interface standards
automotive system | communications system

Conformance testing standards

interpreting the base standard increasing interoperability

Security standards
secure communications privacy aspects
? ?

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Vehicular Communications (3/4)

5,8 GHz frequency band successfully allocated by CEPT/ECC European Commission decision for safety related applications of Intelligent Transport Systems adopted (2008/671/EC)
5 875 MHz to 5 905 MHz

Harmonized Standard ETSI EN 302 571 published recently

awaiting citation in the Official Journal of the EU

ITS European Profile Standard @ 5 GHz

based on IEEE 802.11 PHY and MAC layer basis for developing specifications for
conformance testing interoperability

being elaborated by ETSI TC ITS


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Vehicular Communications (4/4)

GeoNetworking standards
restrict broadcast of messages to geographical areas
Brussels congestions messages not of interest to road users in Paris road conditions only appear locally

Feasibility studies
services vs. spectrum availability which services are required

data transport protocols geographical addressing network integration, e.g. IPv6

Being elaborated by ETSI TC ITS


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Road Transport | Safety

Automotive radar
Anti-collision radar (24 GHz and 79 GHz)
blind spot warning, lane change, obstacles, parking

Automatic/Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) (77 GHz)

define desired interval and maximum speed to follow traffic vehicle sets corresponding speed automatically (braking, accelerating)


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Road Transport | Electronic Fee Collection

Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)
5,8 GHz frequency band mostly used Base Standards elaborated by CEN and UNI
CEN EN 12795, CEN EN 12834, CEN EN 13372 UNI 10607-2 parts 1, 2, 3

Specifications for Conformance Testing elaborated by ETSI

ETSI TS 102 486 standards family based on CEN standards work on specifications for UNI 10607-2 (ETSI ES 200 674-1) to start soon

An envisaged component of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) Alternative deployments possible, e.g.
fees for ferries, tunnels, parking

Service provider approach envisaged


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Road Transport | Traffic Management

Road Transport and Traffic Telematics (RTTT)
Navigation Traffic conditions
avoiding congestions finding alternative routes

Road conditions
ice warnings floods

Real Time Traffic Information (RTTI)

RDS-TMC (Traffic Management Channel) for FM broadcast Transport Protocol Experts Group (TPEG) for DAB/DMB/DVB

Future complementary deployments

Vehicle-to-vehicle communications
e.g. congestion messages delivered to broadcasters

Roadside-to-vehicle communications
e.g. ice sensors on bridges

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Road Transport | Environment

Green ITS for clean and efficient mobility
Traffic Management and control Advanced driver assistance Traffic information and route guidance Data monitoring and measurement Eco-driving

Human behaviour and technologies need to interact Reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions possible


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Road Transport | Environment

Automatic Cruise Control (ACC) fuel savings
0,4% to 3,6% savings in normal driving Up to 60% savings in stop-and-go conditions Extra 2% savings with predictive map support

London congestion fee (traffic control)

Up to 40% less delay and congestion Less fuel consumption and emissions Reduction of congestion and CO2 emissions comes along with
12% lower emissions of NOx and PM10 from road traffic within London charging zone

Source: eSafety Forum


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Railways | Overview
European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS)
GSM-R European Train Control System (ETCS)

Dedicated and harmonized frequency range for railways
CAB-Radio Ticketing Dispatching and logistics Signalling Passenger Information

GSM-R antenna


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Aeronautical | Overview
Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground Communications and Navigation Systems
Content could be used for intermodal communications

Single European Sky

Moving air traffic control regulation to the European level

GSM and RLAN aboard aircraft

Bridge the gap for service provision
location based services passenger information


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Where does it happen?

ETSI Technical Committees
TC ITS (road transport) having five working groups
Application Requirements and Services Architecture, Cross Layer and Web Services Transport and Network Media and Medium related Security

TC ERM TG37 (ITS related radio matters) TC ERM TG31B (automotive radar) TC ERM TG25 (aeronautical) TC ERM TG26 (maritime) TC ERM TG28 (SRD, ETCS) TC SES (aeronautical, maritime, road transport) TC RT (GSM-R)

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TC ITS | External Relations (1/2)

European Projects
CVIS (Cooperative Vehicle-Infrastructure Systems)

Safespot (Cooperative vehicles and road infrastructure for road safety)

Coopers (Co-operative Systems for Intelligent Road Safety)

Sister (Satcoms in Support of Transport on European Roads)

Fora and consortia


Car 2 Car Communication Consortium

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TC ITS | External Relations (2/2)

ISO TC 204
category A liaison

CEN TC 278

Intelligent Transport Systems Steering Group (ITSSG)

Advisory Panel for Standards Cooperation on Telecommunications related to Motor Vehicles (APSC TELEMOV)


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TC ITS | Whats next

ETSI TC ITS next meetings
Technical Committee meeting: 13-17 October 2008 ETSI HQ Working Groups meetings: 12-16 January 2009 ETSI HQ

Stable set of draft standards for vehicular communications

envisaged for Q1/2009

ETSI Plugtests
C2CCC Vehicle-to-Vehicle demonstration event 22-23 October 2008 TC ITS Plugtests envisaged for Q3/2010

ITS Workshop scheduled 03-06 February 2009, ETSI HQ


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To find out what ETSI can do you for your organisation or for further information, please contact:

Martin Arndt Technical Officer ETSI TC ITS Telephone: +33 4 92 94 42 49