“Compleat with armes and Acqutomets …” Recreating a 1778 Continental Company Augmented with Nine-Months Levies

John U. Rees

"There is about 450 of the new Leveys come in ... [they] are coming in dayly & what adds greatly to the pleasure of their number, they are fine, likely, tractable men.” Brig. Gen. William Maxwell, New Jersey Brigade commander, 5 June 1778. Image of Capt. Jonathan Phillips’ company, 2d New Jersey Regiment, June 1778, recreated by the Augusta County Militia (including members of the Queen’s Own Loyal Virginia Regiment) for Monmouth 2013.

Below is the company recommended to recreate for the 2013 Battle of Monmouth event. The Augusta County Militia portrayed a small platoon of New Jersey levies in June 2003. In 2013 there is an opportunity to field a fifty man company composed of “old” soldiers (most enlisted for three years or the war in late 1776 or during 1777), and short-term levies (both volunteers and drafted men) signed on to serve as Continental soldiers for nine months. All the levies were members of the New Jersey militia, and many had experienced campaign service. Some proportion of the ninemonths men had also served in early-war Continental regiments, and were hardly new soldiers. More details on the clothing and equipment for both the long-term soldiers and levies will be given in another monograph. One difference is that some levies chose to wear their own clothing into service (probably a mix of hunting shirts or civilian coats suited to hard military service, and trousers or breeches) and had the option of using their own knapsacks, accoutrements, and firelocks and being paid for their use. Appended is the muster roll for Capt. Jonathan Phillips’ Company of the 2d New Jersey Regiment, commanded by Col. Israel Shreve. Shreve had served as lieutenant colonel and second in command of the 2d New Jersey of 1776, a one-year unit under Col. William Maxwell. Maxwell was promoted to brigadier general of the New Jersey Brigade in early 1777, and Shreve rose to command the 2d Regiment, which went on to see action at Short Hills (26 June 17777), Brandywine (11 September), and Germantown (4 October), as well as the Whitemarsh encampment in late November and early December. Reaching the Valley Forge camp on December 19th, the 2d New Jersey marched for their home state in March 1778 to oppose Crown forces there. They remained in the vicinity of Mount Holly until Gen. Sir Henry Clinton’s troops evacuated Philadelphia on June 18 1778 to begin their march across New Jersey. The other three regiments of Maxwell’s Brigade were reunited at Mounty Holly in late May, and together contested the British movement. For more details on those events see, “’Beware of being Burgoyned.’: Marching Toward Monmouth, Delaware River to Freehold, 18 to 27 June 1778, ” Appendix A. of “`What is this you have been about to day?’: The New Jersey Brigade at the Battle of Monmouth,” http://revwar75.com/library/rees/monmouth/MonmouthToc.htm For a narrative of the June 28 1778 Battle of Monmouth, as well as accounts by participants see the same online monograph, as well as these Appendices:
F.“I resolved nevertheless to attack them …”: American Monmouth Battle Accounts G. “Charge, Grenadiers, never heed forming”: British Accounts of the Monmouth Battle H. "More Glorious to America than at first Supposed ...": New Jersey Officers Describe the Battle of Monmouth I. "They answered him with three cheers ...": New Jersey Common Soldiers' Pension Depositions

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“Muster Roll of Captn. Jonathan Phillips Compy. in the 2d. Regmt. Of Foot of the State of New Jersey in the Service of The United States of America. Commanded by Israel Shreve Taken from 31st. of May to 30th. of June 1778”

Commissioned Officers Jonathan Phillips Captn. on Command Abraham Appleton 1st. Lieut During 3 9 No. Serjeants War Yrs. Mo. Inlisted Remarks 1 Martin Hill / 12/15/1776 2 John Yater / 3 Benjm. Voglum / 1/1/1777 Sick Abst. No. 1 2 3 No. 1 2 No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 During 3 9 Corporals War Yrs. Mo. Inlisted Ezekiel Jobes / Azariah Shrigley / Hugh McClean / During 3 9 Drum & Fife War Yrs. Mo. Inlisted William Burtless / [Note: Burtless was regimental drum major] Robt. Fowler fife / Remarks On Command On Furlough Remarks

During 3 9 Privates War Yrs. Mo. Inlisted Remarks John Castle / John Curley / William Barrell / Thos. Reed / Saml. Jobes / John Jobes / Patrick Tool / Willm. McGee / James Stout / 12/15/76 John Coleman / John Say / Stephen Porteus / 3/1/78 Nehemiah Bennett / 5/1/78 Join’d 1st June Jeremiah Carroll / 5/8/78 do
“Brought 1 blanket into service”

John Malcolm Nathl. Cambrun Jeremiah Bennett Archibald Beth John Aimes Benjam. Holden

/ / / / / /

5/8/78 28th May 5/8/78 1st June 5/8/78 do 5/14/78 28th May 5/14/78 do 5/20/78 Join’d 1st June

No. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53

During 3 9 Privates War Yrs. Mo. Inlisted Remarks Ramoth Bunting / 5/16/78 [joined] James McCoy / 5/14/78 do John Delphor / 5/27/78 do Silas Crane / 5/8/78 do Vincent Letord / 5/14/787 28th May Amos Akors / 5/14/78 do Frederk. VanLue / 5/14/78 do
“Fredrick Van-Lew & three others who are with him are Compleat with armes and Acqutomets [accoutrements]”

Thomas Robins John Vents Felix Jordan Willm. Watson Phillip Palmer John Conner Benjm Emons William Printey John Fennimore John Bound John OFlaherty John McCann

/ / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

5/22/78 5/8/78 5/8/78 5/22/78 5/2/78 5/8/78 5/18/78

do do do 1st June do do 28th May On Command do 5/26/78 Join’d 1st June/On Command 5/26/78 Join’d 28th May/On Command 5/14/78 Join’d 28th May/On Command 5/8/78 5/14/78 5/14/78 5/22/78 5/14/78 5/15/78 5/15/78 5/15/78 5/28/78 do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do th Deserted 28 June Killed 27th June Sick Absent do On Furlow do

Brought into service 1 canteen, 1 knapsack, 1 blanket.

Sheperd Grimes Thomas Case [mulatto] John Gavin James Irwin Thomas Olden Cornelius Van Reed Joseph Winters William Cuffey [Indian] George Cook / Thos. Boggs / George Thompson Clawson Reed / David Brown / Gershom Loveless /

Total at the time of the 28 June Battle of Monmouth 1 captain 1 lieutenant 3 sergeants 3 corporals 1 drum and 1 fife 52 privates (17 enlisted for the war, 1 for three years, 34 nine-months levies) (1 private enlisted for the war was killed 27 June)

List of Soldiers of Phillip’s Company, with Some Personal Information Sergeants
Martin Hill, enlisted for the war 12/15/76 Benjamin Voglum, enlisted for the war 1/17/77 sick absent and listed as deserted 7/29/78, returned 8/20/78, reduced to the ranks 3/6/79 10 August 1778: "Derserted... since the battle of Monmouth... about 5 feet 9 inches high, pock-marked, and has a down look." John Yater, enlisted for the war, promoted from the ranks 6/78 deserted 7/29/78, returned and reduced to the ranks 11/20/78

Corporals
Ezekiel Jobes, enlisted for the war 12/15/76 Azariah Shrigley, enlisted for the war 3/1/78, promoted from the ranks 6/78, deserted 8/30/78 Hugh McClean, enlisted for the war 12/15/76, promoted from the ranks 5/1/78, deserted 7/29/78 August 10, 1778: "Derserted... since the battle of Monmouth... an Irishman about 5 feet 8 inches high, a square set fellow, and has bushy curled hair."

Musicians
William Burtless (Drum Major), enlisted for the war 12/15/76 Robert Fowler (fifer), enlisted for the war 3/27/78

Privates
John Aimes, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 Born: England; Age: 27; Height: 5'6"; 1st Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia Amos Akors, 9 months levy 5/28/78 Born: Amwell; Age: 23; Height: 5'10 1/2"; 1st Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia Thomas Boggs, enlisted for the war 5/20/77, killed 6/27/78 William Barrell, enlisted for the war 2/4/78 David Brown, enlisted for the war 4/11/78 Nehemiah Bennett, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Born: Sussex; Age: 20; Height: 5' 2 1/2"; Phillips's Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Jeremiah Bennett, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Place of Birth & Residence: Stafford; Age: 20; Height: 5'3"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia Archable Beth [Buth], 9 months levy, 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 Born: Scotland; Age: 31; Height: 5'5"; "well made"; 1st Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia Ramoth Bunting (Bunton), 9 months levy 6/1/78 From: Hanover, Burlington Co.; Age 24; Height 5'7 1/2"; 1st Regiment Monmouth County Militia John Bound, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 John Coleman, enlisted for the war 3/30/78 John Castle, enlisted for the war 12/15/76, captured 4/3/79 George Cook, enlisted for the war 3/11/78, deserted 6/28/78, returned 12/78, deserted 3/4/79 August 10, 1778: "born in Philadelphia, by trade a taylor, about 20 years of age, a likely young fellow, about 5 feet 5 inches high; says he has a mother in Philadelphia ... Cook has been formerly advertised and taken, but deserted a second time before he joined the regiment." An earlier deserter description of Cook was advertised on April 14, 1778. John Curley, enlisted for the war 12/15/76, promoted corporal 8/78, reduced from corporal 2/2/79

Thomas Case, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 Born: Hopewell; Age: 19; Height: 5'11 1/2"; "Mulatto"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia William Cuffey, 9 months levy 6/1/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 Place of Birth & Residence: Stafford; Age: 22; Indian; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia John Connor, 9 months levy 6/1/78, deserted 10/1/78 Silus Crane, 9 months levy6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Born: New England; Residence: Stafford; Age: 19; Height: 5'7"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia Jeremiah Carroll, 9 months levy 6/1/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79, deserted 4/30/79 Born: Ireland; Residence: Cumberland County; Age: 49; Height: 5'6"; 1st Regiment Burlington County Militia; Brought 1 blanket into service. Nathaniel Cambrun, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Place of Birth & Residence: Stafford; Age: 25; Height: 5'7"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia John Delphor, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Benjamin Emons, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 Sheperd Grimes, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 Born: Baltimore; Age: 21; Height: 5'5"; "well made"; Hunterdon County Militia John Gavin, 9 months levy 5/28/78 Born: Dublin, Ireland; Age: 26; Height: 5'2"; 1st Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia Benjamin Holden, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Residence: Kingswood Township; Age: 50; Height: 5'9"; 2nd Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Thomas Holden, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 James Irwin, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for 3 years as of 12/9/78 Born: Ireland; Age: 22; Height: 5'3"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Samuel Jobes, enlisted for the war1/12/77 John Jobes, enlisted for the war 1/2/77 Felix Jordan, 9 months levy 5/28/78 Born: Ireland; Age: 22; Height: 5'7 1/2"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Gershom Loveless, enlisted for the war 3/30/78 John Loyons, enlisted for the war 3/11/77, captured 4/5/78, returned 7/17/78 Vincent Letord (LeVers), 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 Born: France; Age: 20; Height: 5'7 1/2"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia William McGee, enlisted for the war 3/12/77 John Mathews, enlisted for the war 3/4/78, deserted 4/2/78 Hugh McClean, enlisted for the war 12/15/76, promoted to corporal 5/1/78, deserted 7/29/78 August 10, 1778: "Derserted ... since the battle of Monmouth... an Irishman about 5 feet 8 inches high, a square set fellow, and has bushy curled hair." John Malcolm, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79, hanged 4/30/79 Born: Scotland; Age: 18 1/2; Height: 5'5"; "pox mark'd"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia James McCoy, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 1st Regiment, Hunterdon County Militia

John McCann, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 Residence: Gloucester County; Age: 34; Height: 5'7"; 1st Regiment Burlington County Militia; Brought into service 1 canteen, 1 knapsack, 1 blanket. John O'Flaherty, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 Born: Ireland; Residence: Philadelphia; Age: 34; Height: 5'5"; 1st Regiment Burlington County Militia Stephen Porteus, enlisted for the war 3/17/78, deserted 11/15/78 William Printey, enlisted for 3 years 12/15/76 Phillip Palmer, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Born: Hopewell; Residence: Stafford; Age: 29; Height: 5'7"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia Clawson Reed, enlisted for the war 1/29/77, reduced from sergeant 5/15/78 Thomas Reed, enlisted for the war 12/15/76 Thomas Robins, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 Residence: Penn's Neck; Age: 21; Height: 5'6"; laborer; 3rd Regiment Middlesex County Militia John Say, enlisted for the war 3/30/78 James Stout, enlisted for the war 12/15/76 Azariah Shrigley, enlisted for the war 3/1/78, promoted corporal 6/78 Patrick Tool (Toll), enlisted for the war 1/26/77 George Thompson, 9 months levy 5/28/78, deserted 7/29/78 Born: Dublin, Ireland; Age: 37; Height: 5'4 1/2" Hunterdon County Militia August 10, 1778: Deserter notice for John Thompson, probably refers to George. "... a nine-months-man, formerly belonging to the gallies, about 5 feet 8 inches high, a swarthy complexion, and pock-marked." Frederick Van Lew, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged February 28, 1779, Phillips' Company. Age: 23; Height: 5'9"; Trade: Weaver; Substitute from the 3rd Battalion Middlesex County Militia. A letter from Capt. Jonathan Phillips to Col. Israel Shreve (undated but either late May/early June 1778), noted: "I received yours two days ago, (but two Late) as the Greates part of my Recruts has marched, the bearer Fredrick Van-Lew & three others who are with him are Compleat with armes and Acqutomets [accoutrements] ..." John Vents, 9 months levy 5/28/78, discharged 2/28/79 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Cornelius VanReed, 9 months levy 5/28/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79, deserted 4/30/79 Born: Rotterdam; Age: 47; Height: 5'8"; "well made"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia Benjamin Voglum, enlisted for the war 1/17/77, reduced from sergeant 3/6/79 August 10, 1778: "Derserted... since the battle of Monmouth... about 5 feet 9 inches high, pock-marked, and has a down look." Joseph Winters, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 2/12/79 Born: Middletown; Residence: Dover; Age: 29; Height: 5'8 1/2"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia William Wattson, 9 months levy 6/1/78, discharged 3/1/79 Born: Pennsylvania; Residence: Middlesex; Age: 29; Height: 5'6"; Forman's Regiment Monmouth County Militia Ebenezer Woodruf, 9 months levy 6/1/78, enlisted for the war as of 2/79 John Yater, enlisted for the war 3/27/78, promoted to sergeant 6/78, deserted 7/29/78, returned and reduced to the ranks 11/20/78, promoted corporal 2/79

19th Century Pension Depositions by and for Soldiers of Phillips’ Company, 2d New Jersey Regiment Ramoth Bunting, 26 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1775 (private soldier, nine months) joined the regiment the second time June 1, 1778, Phillips' Company. From: Hanover, Burlington Co.; Age: 24; Height: 5'7 1/2"; 1st Regiment Monmouth Co. Militia (Made his mark in lieu of signing his name.) "... he enlisted as a private soldier in Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey in the year 1775 and in Captain Brayles [Brearley's] Company 2nd Regiment Commanded by Colonel Maxwell ... that he served as an enlisted private soldier in the New Jersey line ... for one year and longer and that he was at the seige of Quebec that he left the service after the expiration of the time of his enlistment that he obtained his discharge at Ticonteroga ... Also that he enlisted a second time ... as a private Soldier under Capt. Philips 2nd regiment New Jersey line ... commanded by Colonel Shreeves ... that he served a second time longer than one years..." Archibald Buth (Birth), 42 years old at the time of his service in 1778 (private soldier, nine months) joined the regiment May 28, 1778, enlisted for the war February 1779, Phillip's Company. Born: Scotland; Age: 31; Height: 5'5"; "well made"; 1st Regiment Hunterdon County Militia. He was in the battle of "Monmouth as a Volunteer in the Battle of short hills and at the taking of Cornwallis and in several skirmishes with the enemy - and on Sullivans Expedition ... he receved a discharge at the Close of the War which is lost" Robert Fowler (pension received for under Robert Wardell) 19 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1778 (fifer) enlisted March 27, 1778, Phillips' Company. "Robert Wardell formerly Robert Fowler of the ... State [of Indiana] personally appeared ... on the 27th day of July ... [1818 and] saith that some time in the month of February or March he thinks February in the year ... [1778] that he enlisted in the servis of the United States under Captain Jonathan Phillips in the second Jersey Regiment ... he further states that sometime in the latter part ... [of 1782] or in the beginning of eighty three the second Regiment being reduced to a Battallion by filling up the first Regiment out of it he also states that the said Jonathan Phillips resigned his Commision as Captain of said company and Captain Able Wayman took the command of said company said company being taken to fill up the first Regiment ... which was Commanded by Cols Ogden and Barber the latter being killed by the falling of a tree in the winter before the Armey was disbanded. He further states that he was discharged by the aforesaid Captain Able Wayman on the third day of June ... [1783] but thinking that his discharge would be of little use to him he neglected to bring it with him when he migrated to the western country ... he further states that the reason for his changing his name from Fowler to Wardell that his mother was a single woman by the name of Fowler when he was born and that his reputed fathers name was Wardell and that after he came home from the Armey ... then his fathers brother his father being dead requested of him to name him self Wardell and has been known by that name to this time ..."

Gershom Loveless (Lovelace), 21 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1778 (private soldier) enlisted as a substitute on March 30, 1778, Phillips' Company. "... at the time he entered the service, he resided in the County of Burlington ... where he returned at the end of the war and had ever since resided - that he was engaged in the battle of Monmouth... and in a battle fought at Springfield near Elizabeth Town in New Jersey that he was engaged against the Indians, in the Genesee Country, in the state of New York, at which time many of their towns were destroyed ..." William Printy (Printey), 26 years old at the time of his enlistment in 1775 (private soldier) enlisted December 15, 1776, Phillips' Company. He "voluntarily enlisted ... at Trenton in the state of New Jersey in the year 1775 for the term of one year with Captain Brady [Brearley] of the second Jersey Regiment commanded by Colo. Maxwell ... he was marched to Canada and was at the Battle of the three Rivers, and on the plains of Quebec. That on his return from Canada, he enlisted for three years, in the same Company ... then commanded by Captain Yard ... he was in the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Short Hills in New Jersey, that he was with General Sullivan on an expedition against the Indians ..." In another deposition Printy stated that his company was commanded in 1776 by "Capt. Brayley" then in 1777 by Capt. Yard "who resigned ... and then commanded by Capt. Philips and was finally discharged by Capt. Philips at Pumpton Hutts in New Jersey the time of [his] enlistment having expired ..." James Stout, (private soldier) enlisted December 15, 1776, Phillips' Company. A deposition by a friend of Easter Stout, widow of James Stout, stated that Stout enlisted "in the fall of [1775] ... under Capt Braley & went to the north ... [and] continued in the continental army from the time of his enlistment in 1775 to the close of the said war ... this deponent saw the said James Stout occasionally home for a short time on furlough, that he had seen the furloughs & knew of his returning back to the army ... said James Stout was in many battles & in the battle of Germantown & he had the cock shot off of his gun in that battle ..." Frederick Van Lew (VanLue), 23 years old at the time of his service in 1778 [private soldier, nine months) joined the regiment May 28, 1778, deserted November 20, 1778, returned December 1778, discharged February 28, 1779, Phillips' Company. Age: 23; Height: 5'9"; Trade: Weaver; Substitute from the 3rd Battalion Middlesex County Militia. A letter from Capt. Jonathan Phillips to Col. Israel Shreve, from Fostertown (undated but either May or June of 1778), noted: "I received yours two days ago, (but two Late) as the Greates part of my Recruts has marched, the bearer Fredrick Van-Lew & three others who are with him are Compleat with armes and Acqutomets [accoutrements] ..." (Israel Shreve Papers, Alexander Library, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, Transcription No. 307); Van Lew’s pension deposition: "... in the year 1775 ... he was living in the town of Jamaica in the County of Queens (on Long Island) in the State of New York ... [he served with the militia of New York for one month] deponent went to Long Island, after being home a few days deponent went on a visit to see his brother & sister living in the State of New Jersey in Montgomery Township, there deponent Enlisted again in the five months service under one Captain Low ... as a private in the standing troops, (enlisted at a place called Reddin town, the Company met at a place called

Laslens Ridge at Abraham Van Hornes tavern, this was in the year 1776, in the fore part of the season the Company marched to the City of Newyork & there we joined Washingtons Army, in Kings Street we lay there about two weeks, until the British landed on Long Island, and then the whole Army except the guard which was left, went over to Long Island, marched up ... about one mile, and there was met by the Brittish, and there we had a tight engagement and there we had to swim a tide mill pond and many of our men drowned in crossing the pond, deponent lost his rifle & coat in swimming the pond, after crossing the pond we went to Cobble hill Fort about half or three quarters of a mile distant from the pond, and there joined the army again, there deponent remained about four days, and then was Called to New York, and there deponent bought him another Coat, stayed there about one week and then went to Fort Washington 12 miles from New York, the whole Army was then stationed at Fort Washington, remained at Fort Washington about two weeks or twenty days, and then Marched to White Plains, leaving in the Fort about twenty one hundred men, when we arrived at White Plains we dug an entrenched [line] all around the town, after the entrenchment was dug we took about twenty or thirty tories and brought them in, the Brittish went up the East river and landed above us, and built a Fort and attempted to bomb us out from that place but theyfailed in that attempt, and we drove them out of their Fort, (these were Hessians) After that we stayed there one night, the next morning we marched to Kings Ferry, and Crossed the North River, And marched to Fort Lee, we remained there about three days, we could see Fort Washington from Fort Lee, and the Brittish took that Fort without firing a gun, a flag of truce was sent from Fort Washington to Fort Lee to General Washington went down to the River and brought word that the Brittish threatened if the Fort [Lee] was not given up in three days, they would come over and take it deponent within one or two days afterwards was made second Sergeant, and sent out with a guard up the river about three miles, About day break deponent discovered the River full of the boats of Brittish and as they landed deponent with his men fired and immediately run for Fort Lee, when we came to the Fort Washington had left the Fort with his Army, for Hackinsack in New Jersey, and only about seventy men remained at the Fort of str[a]ggling appearance drinking liquor that was left by the sutlers, deponent and his men filled their Cantines & left the Fort and went after the Army, and overtook them on the hights near Hackensack town, and remained their over night, the next morning we set off for Trenton and made no halt until we got over the delaware River into the state of Pennsylvania, the Brittish being about three or four miles behind in pursuit of us, when deponent got as far as New brunswick on this march, his five months service expired, but Continued on his march with the Army to Pennsylvania, and remained with them, that while Washington lay in Pennsylvania he recruited and got fresh men and on the 26th of Decr deponent crossed over with the Army to Trenton and took nine hundred and thirty six Hessians (as was reported at the time) and took them over into Pennsylvania with us, the Brittish soon after sent an Army to Trenton and a small army at Princeton six miles distant on the third day of January thereafter Washington sent an Army to Princeton surrounded the Town and took & killed the most part of them, after the battle was over, deponent left the Army and went to his Brothers in Montgomery Township ... After deponent returned to his Relatives in NewJersey he became attached to the Militia ... which was Classed One half went out for one month and then was relieved by the other half, and so Alternately until the Close of the War, but deponent Enlisted for nine months during the latter part of the war in the State troops and joined Washingtons Army ... he served under Captain Jonathan Philips, in the second Jersey Regiment under Colonel

Shrieves, that during the said nine months service, in the first place deponent was taken to Princeton and his name was taken down and he measured his height was then five feet eight inches, then the Company he belonged to went to Mount Holly and joined the main Army, and lay there he supposes two or three weeks, the Brittish at this time lay in Philadelphia and was Crossing to go ... to New York, Washington Attacked them at Monmouth, and gain[ed] the victory over them it was on sunday the hotest day he ever knew remained there two days after the battle, and then left there for Elizabeth Town, where the whole Army remained ..." Note: A levy soldier from Captain Sparks’ Company of the 2nd New Jersey wore his own clothing into service: Abraham Vanemon, Spark’s Company, 9 months levy 6/2/78, discharged 2/17/79, Place of Birth & Residence: Penn's Neck; Age: 33; Height: 5'7"; 1st Regiment Salem County Militia; "Recd the value of [his] Summer Cloathing" Amos Reed, 42 years old at the time of his service in 1779 (private soldier) joined the 2nd Regiment February 1779, Phillips' Company. (Made his mark in lieu of signing his name) He "enlisted some time in the winter of the year 1776 for and during the war in the company commanded by Captain Jonathan Philips in the Regiment of Colonel Shreeves at Trenton ... he continued to serve in the said corps until the close of the war when he was discharged ... in Easton State of New Jersey ... he was in the battle of Long Island the battle of the White Plains the battle of the Short Hills the battle of Brandywine and the battle of Germantown ..."

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