C.H.

Flowers Math Department
Precalculus
Summer Pre-View Packet
2007

DUE THE FIRST DAY OF SCHOOL
(NO EXCEPTIONS)

The problems in this packet are designed to help you review topics from previous mathematics courses that
are important to your success in

Precalculus
DO ALL PROBLEMS WITHOUT A CALCULATOR. Show all work that leads you to each solution on
separate sheets of paper. You may use your notes from previous mathematics courses to help you. You
must do all work without any help from another person. Additional copies of this packet may be obtained
from the school’s website.
ALL work should be completed and ready to turn in on the FIRST DAY of school. This packet will count as
part of your first quarter grade.

ENJOY YOUR SUMMER!! WE ARE LOOKING FORWARD
TO SEEING YOU IN THE FALL.
Student Name: _______________________________________________________

Date:

_______________________________________________________

Mae Freeman-Reid, Chair
Department Of Mathematics

Precalculus Summer Packet

Part I:
Define the following terms. All definitions must be doubled space typed with
a font of 12.
1. Analytic geometry
2. Boundary
3. Composite
4. Composition
5. Constant function
6. Conjugate
7. Domain
8. Function
9. Inverse functions
10. Iteration
11. Linear equation
12. Linear function
13. Linear inequality
14. Parallel
15. Perpendicular
16. Point-slope form
17. Range
18. Relation
19. Slope
20. Slope-intercept form
21. Standard form
22. Vertical line test
23. X-intercept
24. Y-intercept
25. Zero of a function

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Precalculus Summer Packet

Part II:
USE A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER AND SHOW ALL WORK.
I. Polynomials and operations on real and imaginary numbers.
A. Simplify these expressions
−100

2.

3. (i 7) 2

4.

5. (3 + 2i) + (5 + 7i)

6.

7. (3 + 2i) (3 - 2i)

8.

1.

9.

8
−2i

11. − −9

B. Factor Completely
1. t2 - 4t - 21

−4g−9
3

2 x g3 4 x 2 y 2 g3 2 y 4
2i (3 - i)
− r −20
g
5
r

10. (3 + i 5) 2

12.

5i
(Hint: Use the conjugate of denominator)
6 − 2i

2. x3 - 8

3. 27x3 + 125

C. Simplify the following expressions.
1. 5x2 • 2x5

3.

4h − k
4h + k

2. (- 2c3 )2
4.

10g26
8g2−2

5. t3 • t n - 3

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Precalculus Summer Packet
D. Solve each quadratic equation for x
1. (x - 1)(5x + 3)
3. 2x2 + 4x = -3

2. 2x(x-4)=3(1-x)
4. 2x2 – 32x = 0

E. Graph the functions using a table of values, symmetry, rational zero theorem, or other properties
of polynomials to plot points. Verify the graph with the calculator. Describe the following
characteristics for each function:
a. domain and range
b. zeros
c. y-intercept d. end behavior
e. intervals where the function is increasing / ... decreasing

1. f(x) = x3 - 3x2 + x + 1
4.

f ( x) = x − 5

2. f(x) = x2+2x+1

3. f(x) = 3x2 + 2x + 1

5. f ( x) = − x − 5

6. f ( x) = x + 5

II. Function Operations
A. If f(x) = x2 – 4 and g(x) =

2 x + 4 , determine

1. f(3)

2. f(x) = 0 when x = ?

3. f(g(4))

4. f(g(x))

5. Domain of f(g(x) )

6. g(f(0))

7. f -1(x)

8.Is the inverse of f(x) a function?

III. Rational Expressions and Rational Functions
A. Graph the following functions using a table of values. Identify:
a. intercepts
b. asymptotes

1. f ( x) =

2x
x+4

2. h( x) =

3x
2
x +1

3. k ( x) =

4x2
x2 − 9

B. Simplify. Write your answer as a single fraction.

1.

3x 2 + 6 x3
9x

3
4. x + 2
6
x

2.

x 2 − 25
x 2 + 7 x + 10

3.

2x
6x2
÷
x + 5 2 x + 10

5.

x−2 x+4
+
x
2x

6.

4x
+2
x+6

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Precalculus Summer Packet
7.

2x
x

x−3 x+3

IV. Rewriting and Solving Equations
A. Solve each equation for y.

1. 7y + 6x = 10

2.

1
15
y − 7x =
4
2

B. Find the solution(s) of the given systems of equations. Write answers in the form (x, y).
1. - 2x - 5y = 7
2. 4x + 9y = 2
7x + y = - 8
2x + 6y = 1
C. Solve for x and y. Use matrices for #6.

1.

2. x + 9 y = 9

⎡ 4 −1⎤ ⎡ x ⎤ ⎡ 3 ⎤
⎢ 3 1 ⎥ ⎢ y ⎥ = ⎢4⎥

⎦⎣ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦

3x + 6 y = 6

V. Pythagorean Theorem and Trigonometric Ratios

A. Solve for the missing side of the triangle using the Pythagorean Theorem:
a
1. a = 6 ft. b = 8 ft.
c

b

2. b = 17 ft. c = 19 ft.

B. Solve for x and y using a 45-45-90 (ratio of sides 1:1: 2) or a 30-60-90 triangle

(ratio of sides 1: 3 : 2) .
1.

2.
45°

3.
60°

x

y

x

x
y

30°

4

4 3

y

3

4

Precalculus Summer Packet

C. Given the right triangle, determine the trigonometric ratios.
B

1. sin A

36

C

2. cos A

3. tan A

39

15

A

D. Use trig ratios to solve for x and y in each right triangle. Round answers to three places after the
decimal point.

1.

2.
x

x

20 °

y
12

18
y
28

5

Precalculus Summer Packet
Formula Sheet for Properties of Exponents

1. Product of Powers Property (the bases must be the same)
am • an = a m + n

Ex:

43 • 42 = 4 3 + 2 = 4 5

2. Power of a Power Property
( am ) n = a m • n

Ex: ( 43 )2 = 4 3 • 2 = 4 6

3. Power of a Product Property
( a • b )m = a m • b m

Ex: ( 4 • 5 )3 = 4 3 • 5 3

4. Negative Exponents Property
a –n is the reciprocal of a n , or a –n = 1/a n (if a ≠0)
Ex: 4 –2 = 1/4 2 = 1/16

5. Zero Exponents Property
A non-zero number to the zero power is 1, or a 0 = 1.
Ex: 4 0 = 1

6. Quotient of Powers Property (the bases must be the same)
am ÷ an = a m - n

Ex:

45 ÷ 42 = 4 5 - 2 = 4 3

7. Power of a Quotient Property
( a ÷ b )m = a m ÷ a m

Ex: ( 4 ÷ 5 )3 = 4 3 ÷ 5 3

6

Precalculus Summer Packet

Pre Calculus Summer Packet Answer Sheet (Please transfer all answers to this answer sheet and
attach all work!)

I. Polynomials and operations on real and imaginary numbers.

1._________________________

7._________________________

2._________________________

8._________________________

3._________________________

9._________________________

4._________________________

10._________________________

5._________________________
6._________________________

11._________________________
12._________________________

B. Factor Completely

2. ________________________
2. ________________________
3. ________________________

D. Simplify the following expressions.
1.___________________________
2.___________________________
3.___________________________
4.___________________________
5.___________________________
D. Solve each quadratic equation for x
2. ________________________ 3. ______________________

2. ________________________ 4. ______________________
E. Graph the functions using a table of values, symmetry, rational zero theorem, or other properties of polynomials to
plot points. Verify the graph with the calculator. Describe the following characteristics for each function:
b. domain and range
b. zeros c. y-intercept
d. end behavior
f. intervals where the function is increasing / ... decreasing

1. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

7

Precalculus Summer Packet

2. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

3. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

4. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

5. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

8

Precalculus Summer Packet
6. a.________________________
b.________________________
c.________________________
d.________________________
e.________________________

II. Function Operations
A. If f(x) = x2 – 4 and g(x) =

2 x + 4 , determine

2. ______________________

5. ______________________

2. ______________________

6. ______________________

3. ______________________

7. ______________________

4. ______________________

8. ______________________

III. Rational Expressions and Rational Functions

C. Graph the following functions using a table of values. Identify:
b. intercepts
b. asymptotes
1. a.________________________
b.________________________

2. a.________________________
b.________________________

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Precalculus Summer Packet
3. a.________________________
b.________________________

B. Simplify. Write your answer as a single fraction.
IV. Rewriting and Solving Equations
1.__________________________
2.__________________________
3.__________________________
4.__________________________
5.__________________________
6.__________________________
7.__________________________
A. Solve each equation for y.

2. ________________________
2. _________________________

D. Find the solution(s) of the given systems of equations. Write answers in the form (x, y).
E.
1. __________________________
2. _________________________

C. Solve for x and y.

1. __________________________
2. __________________________
V. Pythagorean Theorem and Trigonometric Ratios

B. Solve for the missing side of the triangle using the Pythagorean Theorem:
1. ___________________________
2.____________________________
10

Precalculus Summer Packet
B. Solve for x and y using a 45-45-90 (ratio of sides 1:1:

2) or a 30-60-90 triangle (ratio of sides 1: 3 : 2) .

1. ________________________________
2.________________________________
3.________________________________
C. Given the right triangle, determine the trigonometric ratios.

1. ________________________________
2.________________________________
3.________________________________

D. Use trig ratios to solve for x and y in each right triangle. Round answers to three places after the decimal point.

1._____________________________

2. _____________________________

11

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