Performance Measure Summary - Salem OR

There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2011. There is no single performance measure that experts agree “says it all.” A few key points should be recognized by users of the Urban Mobility Report data. Use the Trends – The multi-year performance measures are better indicators, in most cases, than any single year. Examining a few measures over many years reduces the chance that data variations or the estimating procedures may have caused a "spike" in any single year. (5 years is 5 times better than 1 year ). Use several measures – Each performance measure illustrates a different element of congestion. (The view is more interesting from atop several measures ). Compare to similar regions – Congestion analyses that compare areas with similar characteristics (for example population, growth rate, road and public transportation system design) are usually more insightful than comparisons of different regions. (Los Angeles is not Peoria ). Compare ranking changes and performance measure values – In some performance measures a small change in the value may cause a significant change in rank from one year to the next. This is the case when there are several regions with nearly the same value. (15 hours is only 1 hour more than 14 hours ). Consider the scope of improvement options – Any improvement project in a corridor within most of the regions will only have a modest effect on the regional congestion level. (To have an effect on areawide congestion, there must be significant change in the system or service ).

Performance Measures and Definition of Terms
Travel Time Index – A measure of congestion that focuses on each trip and each mile of travel. It is calculated as the ratio of travel time in the peak period to travel time in free-flow. A value of 1.30 indicates a 20-minute free-flow trip takes 26 minutes in the peak. Planning Time Index - a travel time reliability measure that represents the total travel time that should be planned for a trip. Computed with the 95th percentile travel time it represents the amount of time that shouldbe planned for a trip to be late for only 1 day a month. Computed with the 80th percentile travel time it represents the amount of time that should be planned for a trip to be late for only 1 day a week. A PTI of 3.00 means that for a 20-minute trip in light traffic, 60 minutes should be planned. Peak Commuters – Number of travelers who begin a trip during the morning or evening peak travel periods (6 to 10 a.m. and 3 to 7 p.m.). "Commuters" are private vehicle users unless specifically noted. Annual Delay per Commuter – A yearly sum of all the per-trip delays for those persons who travel in the peak period (6 to 10 a.m. and 3 to 7 p.m.). This measure illustrates the effect of the per-mile congestion as well as the length of each trip. Total Delay – The overall size of the congestion problem. Measured by the total travel time above that needed to complete a trip at free-flow speeds. The ranking of total delay usually follows the population ranking (larger regions usually have more delay). CO2 per Commuter - represents the pounds of additional CO2 emissions generated by a commuter during a year due to traffic congestion. Free-Flow Speeds -- These values are derived from overnight speeds in the INRIX speed database. They are used as the national comparison thresholds. Other speed values may be appropriate for urban project evaluations or sub-regions studies. Excess Fuel Consumed – Increased fuel consumption due to travel in congested conditions rather than freeflow conditions. Public Transportation – Regular route service from all public transportation providers in an urban area. Operations Treatments – Freeway incident management, freeway ramp metering, arterial street signal coordination and arterial street access management. Congestion Cost – Value of travel delay for 2011 (estimated at $16.79 per hour of person travel and $86.81 per hour of truck time) and excess gasoline consumption (passenger vehicles) and diesel (trucks) estimated using state average cost per gallon. Urban Area – The developed area (population density more than 1,000 persons per square mile) within a metropolitan region. The urban area boundaries change frequently (every year for most growing areas). The annual change in miles traveled and lane-miles, therefore, includes both new travel and roads due to growth and travel and roads that were previously in areas designated as rural. Number of Rush Hours – Time when the road system might have congestion.

The Mobility Data for Salem OR
Inventory Measures
Urban Area Information Population (1000s) Rank Peak Travelers (1000s) Commuters (1000s) Freeway Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Arterial Streets Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Public Transportation Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions) Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions) Cost Components Value of Time ($/hour) Commercial Cost ($/hour) Gasoline ($/gallon) Diesel ($/gallon)

2011
246 97 138 129 1,617 152 2,049 425 17.5 4.3 16.79 86.81 3.56 3.91

2010
244 97 136 128 1,560 145 2,032 425 19.1 5.3 16.30 88.12 2.86 3.10

2009
238 98 133 124 1,480 140 1,964 425 19.2 5.3 16.01 89.75 2.42 2.63

2008
235 98 130 122 1,420 135 2,025 425 19.9 5.5 16.10 81.52 3.54 4.27

2007
230 98 127 119 1,505 135 2,115 420 19.8 5.6 15.47 82.56 3.14 3.45

2006
225 98 124 116 1,500 130 2,110 420 18.5 5.9 15.06 80.43 2.81 3.03

System Performance
Congested Travel (% of peak VMT) Congested System (% of lane-miles) Congested Time (number of "Rush Hours") Annual Excess Fuel Consumed Total Fuel (1000 gallons) Rank Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons) Rank Annual Delay Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) Rank Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs) Rank Travel Time Index Rank Commuter Stress Index Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile) Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile) Rank Excess CO2 Due to Congestion Congested CO2 (million pounds) Rank CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds) Rank Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions) Truck Commodity Value ($ millions) Congestion Cost Total Cost ($ millions) Rank Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($) Rank
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

2011
24 29 1.50 2,106 93 12 69 4,593 92 27 68 1.14 61 1.17 63 2.15 77 1.29 78 42 90 244 69 24 3,889 101 92 580 70

2010
24 29 1.50 2,089 93 12 69 4,556 92 27 67 1.14 61 1.16 64 ----42 90 242 69 24 3,864 100 92 575 70

2009
25 30 1.75 2,413 91 12 70 4,797 92 29 61 1.15 60 1.17 66 ----48 88 242 66 28 3,811 105 92 612 61

2008
23 28 2.25 2,394 90 12 72 4,428 90 27 63 1.15 55 1.17 60 ----48 86 242 70 24 3,760 98 90 570 63

2007
29 33 3.00 3,408 85 19 45 6,879 87 44 26 1.22 41 1.24 46 ----68 83 388 45 33 3,709 143 85 869 36

2006
29 33 -3,389 84 19 46 6,856 86 45 27 1.22 41 ------68 83 388 46 --136 84 1,084 42

The Mobility Data for Salem OR
Inventory Measures
Urban Area Information Population (1000s) Rank Peak Travelers (1000s) Commuters (1000s) Freeway Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Arterial Streets Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Public Transportation Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions) Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions) Cost Components Value of Time ($/hour) Commercial Cost ($/hour) Gasoline ($/gallon) Diesel ($/gallon)

2005
225 98 123 115 1,490 125 2,020 420 17.6 5.7 14.58 78.05 2.48 2.77

2004
220 98 119 112 1,450 125 2,010 420 17.0 5.6 14.10 74.17 2.11 2.19

2003
215 98 116 109 1,350 115 1,960 405 16.3 5.4 13.73 72.23 1.65 1.65

2002
215 98 114 107 1,220 100 1,910 390 14.7 4.8 13.43 70.86 1.52 1.47

2001
210 98 110 103 1,190 100 1,870 385 13.6 4.5 13.22 71.38 1.67 1.67

2000
200 98 103 97 1,190 100 1,810 380 12.8 4.2 12.85 70.47 1.64 1.61

System Performance
Congested Travel (% of peak VMT) Congested System (% of lane-miles) Congested Time (number of "Rush Hours") Annual Excess Fuel Consumed Total Fuel (1000 gallons) Rank Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons) Rank Annual Delay Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) Rank Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs) Rank Travel Time Index Rank Commuter Stress Index Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile) Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile) Rank Excess CO2 Due to Congestion Congested CO2 (million pounds) Rank CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds) Rank Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions) Truck Commodity Value ($ millions) Congestion Cost Total Cost ($ millions) Rank Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($) Rank
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

2005
26 29 -2,904 88 17 56 5,895 89 39 47 1.19 52 ------58 85 339 55 --114 88 897 56

2004
25 29 -2,779 88 17 56 5,720 88 38 49 1.19 54 ------55 85 339 55 --104 86 841 55

2003
28 31 -2,853 87 17 52 5,799 85 39 36 1.20 46 ------57 84 339 53 --101 86 844 49

2002
29 31 -3,182 83 19 39 6,792 80 46 19 1.23 31 ------63 83 388 39 --116 82 962 28

2001
29 31 -2,954 83 17 47 6,298 80 44 20 1.22 30 ------59 83 339 47 --108 80 910 29

2000
26 27 -2,394 87 14 62 4,926 84 37 36 1.19 47 ------48 84 291 60 --83 84 730 50

The Mobility Data for Salem OR
Inventory Measures
Urban Area Information Population (1000s) Rank Peak Travelers (1000s) Commuters (1000s) Freeway Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Arterial Streets Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Public Transportation Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions) Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions) Cost Components Value of Time ($/hour) Commercial Cost ($/hour) Gasoline ($/gallon) Diesel ($/gallon)

1999
195 98 99 93 1,170 100 1,760 370 12.0 4.0 12.43 66.76 1.47 1.37

1998
190 98 95 89 1,125 95 1,680 360 11.7 3.9 12.17 65.76 1.19 1.27

1997
185 98 91 85 1,060 95 1,610 340 10.2 3.5 11.98 66.83 1.40 1.39

1996
180 98 87 82 1,025 95 1,520 325 10.0 3.1 11.71 66.20 1.37 1.40

1995
175 98 83 78 1,010 95 1,550 315 10.0 3.0 11.37 64.27 1.28 1.31

1994
175 98 82 77 970 95 1,570 300 10.1 3.2 11.06 62.23 1.24 1.26

System Performance
Congested Travel (% of peak VMT) Congested System (% of lane-miles) Congested Time (number of "Rush Hours") Annual Excess Fuel Consumed Total Fuel (1000 gallons) Rank Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons) Rank Annual Delay Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) Rank Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs) Rank Travel Time Index Rank Commuter Stress Index Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile) Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile) Rank Excess CO2 Due to Congestion Congested CO2 (million pounds) Rank CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds) Rank Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions) Truck Commodity Value ($ millions) Congestion Cost Total Cost ($ millions) Rank Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($) Rank
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

1999
25 27 -2,216 87 14 60 4,481 84 34 45 1.17 54 ------44 84 291 58 --71 84 652 52

1998
23 27 -1,969 87 14 55 3,935 85 30 50 1.15 54 ------39 85 291 52 --61 86 573 58

1997
22 27 -1,781 87 12 60 3,605 87 28 55 1.15 55 ------36 85 242 59 --56 87 539 57

1996
21 27 -1,616 89 12 56 3,256 87 27 50 1.14 56 ------32 87 242 57 --50 87 497 56

1995
22 27 -1,667 85 12 51 3,325 84 28 41 1.14 51 ------33 84 242 52 --50 83 503 50

1994
22 26 -1,648 85 12 42 3,255 84 27 37 1.14 49 ------33 83 242 45 --48 83 480 48

The Mobility Data for Salem OR
Inventory Measures
Urban Area Information Population (1000s) Rank Peak Travelers (1000s) Commuters (1000s) Freeway Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Arterial Streets Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Public Transportation Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions) Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions) Cost Components Value of Time ($/hour) Commercial Cost ($/hour) Gasoline ($/gallon) Diesel ($/gallon)

1993
175 98 81 76 935 95 1,535 280 9.8 3.1 10.78 60.84 1.26 1.29

1992
170 98 78 73 955 95 1,410 265 9.5 3.0 10.47 59.01 1.26 1.33

1991
170 97 76 72 930 90 1,300 250 8.8 2.7 10.17 57.31 1.48 1.28

1990
170 97 75 70 920 90 1,220 245 8.3 2.6 9.75 55.03 1.16 1.01

1989
165 97 72 68 905 90 1,205 235 8.0 2.5 9.25 52.81 1.32 1.17

1988
165 97 72 67 880 90 1,145 235 7.5 2.4 8.83 50.04 1.22 1.08

System Performance
Congested Travel (% of peak VMT) Congested System (% of lane-miles) Congested Time (number of "Rush Hours") Annual Excess Fuel Consumed Total Fuel (1000 gallons) Rank Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons) Rank Annual Delay Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) Rank Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs) Rank Travel Time Index Rank Commuter Stress Index Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile) Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile) Rank Excess CO2 Due to Congestion Congested CO2 (million pounds) Rank CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds) Rank Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions) Truck Commodity Value ($ millions) Congestion Cost Total Cost ($ millions) Rank Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($) Rank
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

1993
21 25 -1,550 82 12 36 3,126 83 26 35 1.14 44 ------31 80 242 37 --44 81 448 41

1992
18 25 -1,266 85 10 50 2,553 84 22 45 1.12 54 ------25 82 194 50 --35 83 367 48

1991
16 21 -1,080 85 7 60 2,177 84 18 50 1.11 52 ------22 82 145 61 --30 84 308 52

1990
14 20 -921 85 7 51 1,899 84 16 55 1.09 62 ------18 84 145 51 --24 84 253 59

1989
10 18 -733 88 5 71 1,633 83 15 50 1.08 65 ------15 87 97 76 --20 83 212 62

1988
9 14 -637 89 5 66 1,410 86 12 64 1.06 74 ------13 88 97 70 --16 85 174 65

The Mobility Data for Salem OR
Inventory Measures
Urban Area Information Population (1000s) Rank Peak Travelers (1000s) Commuters (1000s) Freeway Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Arterial Streets Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s) Lane-Miles Public Transportation Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions) Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions) Cost Components Value of Time ($/hour) Commercial Cost ($/hour) Gasoline ($/gallon) Diesel ($/gallon)

1987
165 96 71 67 755 90 1,100 225 7.8 2.4 8.48 48.53 1.22 1.08

1986
165 96 71 66 660 90 1,075 220 7.3 2.3 8.18 46.57 1.19 1.06

1985
165 96 70 66 680 90 1,030 230 6.9 2.2 8.03 47.83 1.56 1.38

1984
160 96 68 63 615 90 1,005 220 8.8 2.7 7.75 46.47 1.58 1.40

1983
160 96 67 63 530 85 915 225 8.8 2.7 7.43 44.23 1.61 1.43

1982
160 96 66 62 520 80 860 225 8.8 2.7 7.20 43.08 1.69 1.50

System Performance
Congested Travel (% of peak VMT) Congested System (% of lane-miles) Congested Time (number of "Rush Hours") Annual Excess Fuel Consumed Total Fuel (1000 gallons) Rank Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons) Rank Annual Delay Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) Rank Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs) Rank Travel Time Index Rank Commuter Stress Index Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile) Rank Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile) Rank Excess CO2 Due to Congestion Congested CO2 (million pounds) Rank CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds) Rank Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions) Truck Commodity Value ($ millions) Congestion Cost Total Cost ($ millions) Rank Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($) Rank
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

1987
9 14 -515 91 5 61 1,118 90 10 68 1.06 70 ------10 89 97 66 --13 87 134 71

1986
7 14 -398 94 2 91 872 93 7 80 1.05 71 ------8 91 48 88 --9 93 101 79

1985
7 14 -353 94 2 88 755 93 7 76 1.05 69 ------7 91 48 86 --9 92 89 80

1984
7 14 -332 92 2 83 706 93 6 74 1.05 63 ------7 90 48 81 --8 90 83 79

1983
6 15 -271 95 2 79 572 94 5 75 1.05 59 ------5 92 48 77 --6 93 65 80

1982
6 15 -268 94 2 78 593 93 5 72 1.05 57 ------5 91 48 77 --6 92 66 75

Benefits from Public Transportation Service and Operations Strategies in Salem OR

Operations Strategies
Freeway Ramp Metering Percent of Roadway Miles Annual Delay Reduction (1000 hours) Freeway Incident Management Cameras Percent of Roadway Miles Service Patrols Percent of Roadway Miles Annual Delay Reduction (1000 hours) Arterial Signal Coordination Percent of Roadway Miles Annual Delay Reduction (1000 hours) Arterial Access Management Percent of Roadway Miles Annual Delay Reduction (1000 hours) HOV Lanes Daily Passenger-miles of travel (1000s) HOV User Delay Savings Added Congestion if Operations Treatments were Discontinued Annual Delay Reduction (1000 hours) Annual Delay Saved per Peak Auto Commuter (hrs) Annual Congestion Cost Savings ($million)

2011
-

2010
-

2009
-

2008
-

2007
-

77 62 7 44 -

76 62 7 44 -

76 65 7 46 -

78 60 7 42 -

76 110 7 52 -

106 1 2

105 1 2

111 1 3

102 1 3

162 1 4

Public Transportation Service
Existing Service Annual Passenger-miles of travel (million) Unlinked Passenger Trips (million) Added Congestion if Public Transportation Service were Discontinued Annual Increase Delay (1000 hours) Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (hours) Congestion Cost ($million)
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.

2011
18 4

2010
19 5

2009
19 5

2008
20 6

2007
20 6

239 2 5

237 2 5

249 2 7

245 2 7

371 3 9

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