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Click here to study/print these flashcards. CIS 110 Information Technology Essentials 160 Computer Networking 10/28/2010 Create your own flash cards! Sign up here.

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Term Definition

Using the ____ technology, the Intel processor, chipset, and wireless network adapter are all interconnected as a unit, which improves laptop performance.

Centrino

Term

Definition

For an older motherboard, instead of screws youll see ____ that keep the board from resting directly on the bottom of the computer case.

spacers

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ boot involves turning on the power with the on/off switch.

hard

Term

Definition

A ____ is a heat sink carrying an electrical charge that causes it to act as an electrical thermal transfer device.

peltier

Term

Definition

The current set of standards that is used by BIOS, hardware, and the OS to manage power is ____.

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

Term

Definition

On the motherboard, the ____ controls power to the motherboard and must be connected for the PC to power up.

Power SW

Term

Definition

Processor core frequency is measured in ____.

gigahertz

Term

Definition

The ____ or system timer is dedicated to timing the activities of the chips on the motherboard.

system clock

Term

Definition

Most input/output devices communicate with components inside the computer case through a wireless connection or through cables attached to the case at a connection called a(n) ____.

port

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ might solve the problem of intermittent errors caused by noise in the power line to the PC.

line conditioner

Term

Definition

The printer produces output on paper, often called ____ copy

hard

Term

Definition

The slower end of the hub in the Intel i800 chipsets, called the ____, contains the I/O controller hub.

South Bridge

Term

Definition

Installing more than one processor on a motherboard creates a ____.

multiprocessor platform

Term

Definition

A ____ bus port can be used by many different input/output devices, such as keyboards, printers, scanners, and digital cameras.

universal serial

Term

Definition

The most reliable way to restore settings is to keep a written record of all the changes you make to ____.

CMOS RAM

Term

Definition

The ____ form factor was designed by Intel in 2003 for flexibility and can be used by everything from large tower systems to those ultrasmall-systems that sit under a monitor.

BTX

Term

Definition

The peltiers top surface can be as cool as ____ degrees F.

45

Term

Definition

Later sockets used a ____, with pins staggered over the socket to squeeze more pins into a small space.

staggered pin grid array

Term

Definition

Term

Definition

The ____ provides backup power in the event that the AC fails completely.

uninterruptible power supply

Term

Definition

Throughput is sometimes called ____.

bandwidth

Term

Definition

The ____ menu in BIOS setup allows you to configure automatic power-saving features for your system, such as suspend mode or a sleep state.

power

Term

Definition

A ____ is the most complicated component in a computer.

motherboard

Term

Definition

Memory on the processor die is called ____ cache.

Level 1

Term

Definition

Access to a computer can be controlled using a

Access to a computer can be controlled using a ____ password.

startup

Term

Definition

In the world of computers, the term ____ refers to the computers physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, motherboard, and hard drive.

hardware

Term

Definition

Motherboards that support PCI Express and have the 24-pin P1 connector are sometimes called ____ boards.

Enhanced ATX

Term

Definition

Data and instructions are stored on special ROM (read-only memory) chips on the board and are called the ____.

BIOS

Term

Definition

Motherboard settings are stored in a small amount of RAM located on the firmware chip and are called ____.

CMOS RAM

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ is a general-purpose tool that can measure several characteristics of electricity in a variety of devices.

multimeter

Term

Definition

The first ATX power supplies and motherboards used a single power connector called the ____ connector that had 20 pins.

P1

Term

Definition

The slower end of the hub in the Intel i800 chipsets, called the ____, contains the I/O controller hub.

South Bridge

Term

Definition

The cooler sits on top of the processor and consists of a fan and a heat ____, which are fins that draw heat away from the processor.

sink

Term

Definition

The temperature inside the case should not exceed ____ degrees C.

38

Term

Definition

Primary storage is provided by devices called memory or ____ located on the motherboard and on some adapter cards.

RAM

Term

Definition

The ____ and the chipset determine which processors a board can support.

processor socket

Term

Definition

A ____ of the house current might cause symptoms of electrical power problems.

brownout

Term

Definition

The motherboard, like all other components inside the computer case, should be ____ the chassis

grounded to

Term

Definition

Some video cards use a(n) ____ that helps to hold the card securely in the slot.

latch

Term

Definition

A ____ is an electronic device that can hold an electrical charge for a period of time and can smooth the uneven flow of electricity through a circuit

capacitor

Term

Definition

____ is running a processor, motherboard, or video card at a higher frequency than the

Overclocking

manufacturer recommends and is not considered a best practice.

Overclocking

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ is a set of rule and standards that any two entities use for communication.

protocol

Term

Definition

To perform a computing task, software uses hardware for four basic functions: ____.

input, processing, storage, and output

Term

Definition

In the world of computers, the term ____ refers to the computers physical components, such as the monitor, keyboard, motherboard, and hard drive.

hardware

Term

Definition

A ____ case sits upright on the floor or a desk and can be as high as two feet and has room for several drives.

tower

Term

Definition

Intels current families of processors for the desktop include four major groups: ____.

the Core, the Pentium, the Celeron, and the Atom families

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ drive is considered standard equipment on most computer systems today because most software is distributed on CDs or DVDs.

optical

Term

Definition

When you hear ____ during post, you know that a keyboard controller failed or video controller failed.

Three beeps followed by three, four, or five beeps

Term

Definition

Most ____ drives consist of a sealed case containing platters or disks that rotate at a high speed.

hard

Term

Definition

Data and instructions are stored on special ROM (read-only memory) chips on the board and are called the ____.

BIOS

Term

Definition

Most likely when you first install a hard drive or an operating system, you will want to have the BIOS attempt to first boot from a ____.

CD

Term

Definition

The ____ card provides a port for a network cable to connect the PC to a network.

network

Term

Definition

A 1 or 0 in this system is called a ____.

bit

Term

Definition

For Windows XP, Ntldr is responsible for loading the OS, and is, therefore, called the ____.

boot loader program

Term

Definition

Some cases have ____, also called spacers, which are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case. standoff

Term

Definition

The fast end of hub in the Intel i800 series chipsets, which contains the graphics and memory controller, connects to the system bus and is called the hubs ____.

North Bridge

Term

Definition

The ____ have a lever that is used to lift the processor up and out of the socket.

zero insertion force sockets

Term

Definition

____ hold counters, data, instructions, and addresses that the ALU is currently processing.

Registers

Term

Definition

Sometimes documentation marks pin 1 as a ____ pin in the diagram, rather than round like the other pins.

square

Term

Definition

Intel and AMD both recommend a ____ air guide as part of the case design.

chassis

Term

Definition

If a power-on password has been forgotten, you can use the BIOS ____ to reset the password.

jumper group

Term

Definition

When you hear ____ during post, you know that you have a problem with serial or parallel ports or system timer, which probably means the motherboard must be replaced

Four beeps followed by two, three, or four beeps

Term

Definition

A system might have up to ____ types of ribbon cables.

three

Term

Definition

The ____ card, also called a graphics card, provides one or more ports for a monitor.

video

Term

Definition

Memory in the processor package, but not on the processor die, is called ____ cache.

Level 2

Term

Definition

A device that is not installed directly on the motherboard is called a(n) ____ device.

peripheral

Term

Definition

The ____ is a measure of resistance to electricity.

ohm

Term

Definition

Access to a computer can be controlled using a ____ password.

startup

Term

Definition

____ connections inside the computer case can cause a system to appear dead or reboot itself.

Loose

Term

Definition

One ____ is the work or energy required to produce one watt of power in one second.

joule

Term

Definition

____ buses have been improved several times; there are currently three major categories and within each category, several variations of the bus.

PCI

Term

Definition

USB ____ drives are compact, easy to use, and currently hold up to 64 GB of data.

flash

Term

Definition

Everything in a computer is ____.

binary

Term

Definition

Older hard drives use a(n) ____-conductor IDE ribbon cable.

80

Term

Definition

The most popular method of cooling overclocked processors is a(n) ____.

liquid cooling system

Term

Definition

With any installation, remember the importance of using a ground strap (ground bracelet) to ground yourself when working inside a computer case to protect components against ____.

ESD

Term

Definition

Intels ____ allows each logical processor within the processor package to handle an individual thread in parallel with other threads being handled by other processors within the package.

Hyper-Threading

Term

Definition

The peltiers top surface can be as hot as ____ degrees F.

500

Term

Definition

The process of upgrading or refreshing the ROM BIOS chip is called ____ BIOS.

flashing

Term

Definition

The ____ form factor is a major variation of ATX and addresses some technologies that have emerged since the original development of ATX.

MicroATX

Term

Definition

At the beginning of the boot drive (usually drive C) is the OS ____ record.

boot

Term

Definition

The CMOS battery failure can be reported by startup BIOS during the ____.

POST

Term

Definition

Earlier Pentiums used a ____ socket, with pins aligned in uniform rows around the socket.

pin grid array

Term

Definition

Permanent storage is sometimes called

secondary storage

Term

Definition

A ____ color or stripe down one side of a cable marks this side of the cable as pin 1.

red

Term

Definition

A ____ drive has one, two, or more platters, or disks, that stack together and spin in unison inside a sealed metal housing that contains firmware to control reading and writing data to the drive and to communicate with the motherboard.

magnetic hard

Term

Definition

A drive ____ is a duplication of everything written to a hard drive.

image

Term

Definition

The first sector on the disk, called the boot sector or ____ record, contains the information about how the disk is organized and the file system used.

boot

Term

Definition

To find out how many pages a printer has printed so that you know if you need to do the maintenance, you need to have the printer give you the ____ count since the last maintenance.

page

Term

Definition

The ____ assignments refer to the system resources a parallel port will use to manage a print job.

LPT

Term

Definition

Each side, or surface, of one hard drive platter is called a ____.

head

Term

Definition

A mouse, graphics tablet, or other input device is likely to use a(n) ____ port.

USB

Term

Definition

In Windows XP, ____ mode is similar to Vista sleep mode and corresponds to ACPI S3 mode.

standby

Term

Definition

If symbols or other special characters dont print correctly on a laser printer, try using ____ printing rather than asking the printer to interpret the characters.

binary

Term

Definition

Term

Definition

To keep boot sector viruses at bay, in ____ you can disable the ability to write to the boot sector of the hard drive.

BIOS setup

Term

Definition

____ from cigarettes can accumulate on fans, causing them to jam, which in turn will cause the system to overheat.

Tar

Term

Definition

The top and bottom of each disk of a magnetic hard drive have a(n) ____ that moves across the disk surface as all the disks rotate on a spindle.

read/write head

Term

Definition

Problems with a device can sometimes be solved by updating the ____ or firmware.

device drivers

Term

Definition

Proper ____ is essential to keeping a system cool.

air circulation

Term

Definition

With ____, you can connect and disconnect a

With ____, you can connect and disconnect a drive while the system is running.

hot-swapping

Term

Definition

A printer ____ page generally prints some text, some graphics, and some information about the printer, such as the printer resolution and how much memory is installed.

test

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ gets its name because it has independent pins on opposite sides of the module.

DIMM

Term

Definition

A MicroDIMM that contains SDRAM has ____ pins.

144

Term

Definition

Devices and their device drivers are managed using ____.

Device Manager

Term

Definition

You can adjust the way the touch pad or works on a laptop using the ____ box.

Mouse Properties

Term

Definition

Return ____ to the manufacturer or dealer to be recycled.

Laser printer toner cartridges

Term

Definition

To substitute an internal device with an external device, first go into ____ setup and disable the internal device.

BIOS

Term

Definition

To find out how many pages a printer has printed so that you know if you need to do the maintenance, you need to have the printer give you the ____ count since the last maintenance. page

Term

Definition

Good ____ helps you take what you learned into the next troubleshooting situation, train others, develop effective preventive maintenance plans, and satisfy any audits or customer or employer queries about your work.

documentation

Term

Definition

Higher-quality memory modules have ____ installed to reduce heat and help the module last longer.

heat sinks

Term

Definition

For laptops, you can adjust the brightness of the display using ____ keys.

function

Term

Definition

When installing the RIMM, ____ on the edge of the RIMM module will help you orient it correctly in the socket.

notches

Term

Definition

A ____ device is an input device that inputs biological data about a person, which can be input data to identify a persons fingerprints, handprints, face, voice, eye, and handwritten signature.

biometric

Term

Definition

A ____ plug is a tool used to test a serial, parallel, USB, network, or other port.

loop-back

Term

Definition

External ____ is up to six times faster than USB or FireWire.

SATA

Term

Definition

____ printers use wax-based ink that is heated by heat pins that melt the ink onto paper. The

by heat pins that melt the ink onto paper. The print head containing these heat pins is as wide as the paper.

Thermal

Term

Definition

The ____ was designed in part to protect software copyrights by requiring that only legally obtained copies of software be used.

Federal Copyright Act of 1976

Term

Definition

To know the IP address of a network printer, direct the printer to print a ____ page.

configuration

Term

Definition

A Rambus memory module is called a(n) ____.

RIMM

Term

Definition

If the number of bits is not an odd number for odd parity or an even number for even parity, a ____ error occurs.

parity

Term

Definition

To upgrade memory means to add more ____ to a computer.

RAM

Term

Definition

Most notebook manufacturers provide ____ software that can help you test components to determine which component needs replacing.

diagnostic

Term

Definition

____ transfers data directly from the drive to memory without involving the CPU.

DMA

Term

Definition

Several print jobs can accumulate in the queue, which you can view in the Vista Printers window or the XP Printers and Faxes window in a process called ____.

spooling

Term

Definition

As you solve computer problems, always keep in mind that you dont want to make things worse, so you should use the ____ invasive solution.

least

Term

Definition

When someone purchases software from a software vendor, that person has only purchased a ____ for the software, which is the right to use it.

license

Term

Definition

If you want to recover lost data on a hard drive, dont ____ the drive.

write anything to

Term

Definition

Most CRT monitors today are designed to discharge after sitting unplugged for ____ minutes.

60

Term

Definition

The brightness is a function of the ____ component of the LCD panel.

backlight

Term

Definition

In ____ sleep, all work is saved to the hard drive, but the system still maintains a trickle of power.

hybrid

Term

Definition

SIMMs are rated by speed, measured in ____.

nanoseconds

Term

Definition

A serial port is provided by the motherboard or might be provided by an adapter card called a(n) ____ card.

I/O Controller

____ card.

Term

Definition

IBM and Lenovo ThinkPad notebooks use a unique and popular pointing device embedded in the keyboard called a ____ or point stick.

TrackPoint

Term

Definition

The total number of ____ on the drive determines the drive capacity.

sectors

Term

Definition

Check ____ for recorded events that have to do with the printer or the port it is using.

Event Viewer

Term

Definition

Windows Vista technology that supports a hybrid drive is called ____.

ReadyDrive

Term

Definition

RAM is divided into two categories, ____.

DRAM and SRAM

Term

Definition

Manufacturers of high-end printers provide ____ kits, which include specific printer components, step-by-step instructions for performing maintenance, and any special tools or equipment you need to do maintenance.

printer maintenance

Term

Definition

____ are intended to legally protect the intellectual property rights of organizations or individuals to creative works, which include books, images, and software.

Copyrights

Term

Definition

In Windows, memory errors can cause frequent ____ errors.

General Protection Fault

Term

Definition

A notebook drive is ____ inches wide.

2.5

Term

Definition

RAM on motherboards today is stored on ____.

DIMMs

Term

Definition

In a laser printer, the fuser should last for about ____ pages.

45,000

Term

Definition

A(n) ____ is about the size of a credit card, but thicker.

PC card

Term

Definition

A laser printer can produce better-quality printouts than a dot matrix printer, even when printing at the same dpi, because it can vary the size of the dots it prints, creating a sharp, clear image using a technology called ____.

REt

Term

Definition

____ systems and peripherals have the U.S. Green Star, indicating that they satisfy certain energy-conserving standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Energy Star

Term

Definition

To find out what to do if you are accidentally exposed to a dangerous solution, look on the instructions printed on the can or check out the material ____ sheet.

safety data

Term

Definition

To keep boot sector viruses at bay, in ____ you can disable the ability to write to the boot sector of the hard drive.

BIOS setup

Term

Definition

DIMMs intended to be used in servers must be extremely reliable and use an error-checking technology called ____.

ECC

Term

Definition

When you first purchase a notebook, make sure you have a ____ CD containing the installed OS so you can recover from a failed hard drive.

recovery

Term

Definition

Mini PCI Express slots have ____ pins on the edge connector.

52

Term

Definition

____ is a standard for communication between a subsystem of peripheral devices and the system bus.

SCSI

Term

Definition

A ____ station provides the same functions as a port replicator, but provides additional slots for adding secondary storage devices and expansion cards.

docking

Term

Definition

Term

Definition

Printer ____ is updated by replacing the printers DIMM that contains the code or by downloading the update from the manufacturers Web site.

firmware

Term

Definition

Chips sometimes loosen because of temperature changes; this condition is called ____.

chip creep

Term

Definition

If you are mounting a hard drive into a bay that is too large, a ____ kit can help you securely fit the drive into the bay.

universal bay

Term

Definition

A technology that configures two or more hard drives to work together as an array of drives is called ____.

RAID

Term

Definition

IEEE 1394 uses ____ data transfer, meaning that data is transferred continuously without breaks.

isochronous

Term

Definition

In the table found in the motherboard manual, a chip on a RIMM module is called a ____.

component

Term

Definition

Recent statistics show that more than ____% of personal computers purchased today are notebook computers.

50

Term

Definition

Do not use less than ____-LB paper in any type of printer, unless the printer documentation specifically says that a lower weight is satisfactory. 20

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