Why Islam?

INTRODUCTION.
There are so many religious in the world today with millions of followers. Majority of the followers believe that there religion is the truth and all others are false. How can be sure that there religion is the truth and all others are false (or at at lest incomplete to our satisfaction) every thing can seem to be confusing when every body claims to be on the right path while all are moving in different direction. One of three important means of understanding whet5her ones religion is right is by Offering good reasons for our belief and opinion Deciding whether others are offering good reasons for there belief and opinion. Essentially god reason needs to be compromise of the fallowing: • They should be based on fact • They should be relevant • They should be provide understand and explained an opinion • They should be believable to the listener. Fortunately, in our quest for a true and valid worldview, human beings have a special gift or power –the power of reason and logic. Of course we must realised that this power is in itself limited. still , if reason is properly used .it could point to some of the the real answer about our place in this world .at lest , this power of reason could be used to show which theory or which worldview is false or inadequate .we shall start by asking the question :Does God exist?
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DOES GOD EXIST ?
For every ting , like man .that has beginning in time .there can be only three ways OF TRIYING to explain how it come to be . 1. Either, it was made, or created, or course by noting at all. In other words, it comes out of nothing. 2. Or, it created itself. Or, it has a creator, cause or maker out side it self

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The first and second explanation is obviously imposable. it is inconceivable for something that has beginning in time tom come out of or be made of nothing at all . it is also inconceivable for something that it should bring it self into being . The universe and all that is in it. Therefore, could not have created itself nor did it come about by chance. The conclusion then is clear. The universe and all that is in owe its existence to creator or maker out side itself.

WHAT IS THE NATURE OF GOD ?
The creator must be of different nature from all that has been created. This is because if he is of the of the same nature as they are, he will need to have a beginning in time and will therefore need a maker. One for ‘to have a beginning in time‘‘is temporal ‘if the maker or creator is not temporal, he must be eternal .Eternal means to have no beginning or end in time. If the maker is eternal. he cannot be caused and if nothing coursed him to come in to existence , nothing out side him courses him to continue to exist . And if he does not not depend on any thing to exist, then his existence can have no end the creator is therefore eternal and everlasting. if the creator then all his quality must be all-knowing . The creator then does not lose or get any new qualities. Qualities that do not change and that last forever are absolutely are absolutely qualities. The next question we would ask is: can there be more than one creator with such absolute attributes? Can there for example be two absolutely powerful creator? CAN THERE BE MORE THAN ONE GOD ? This is not possible because if the maker is absolutely powerful, it that he is absolutely free to-do whatever he likes. But if another maker with similar power exist and they differ over the making of something, the one of two things can happen, either one will overcome the other, in which case the latter can not be absolutely powerful. Or the y will neutralised each other. In which case the power of both are limited. even if we assume that the two power s agree on everything or complement each other .they can not both absolutely power full because in doing anything one at least will need to assume that the other will not inter fare or is not capable in inter faring . in other word, one will need assume that the function of the other is redundant, or that the power of the other is limited .therefore the creator must be one .there cannot be any other like him so he must be unique .the creator must be all-powerful and must be able to do whatever he wills .therefore what ever qualities the creator posses must be absolute and perfect in him. Also, there must be clearer distinction between the creator and the created. it fallows that no man can be god and god cannot be man god cannot have a son or daughter . The sun, moon, or stars or any heavenly bodies cannot be god. In other words, God cannot have the limited qualities of man because he is unlimited. from all the above analysis , one can safely assume that any religion or world view that regard any human being or any part of creation as god must be false religion or world view .similarly ,any religion or world view that regards god as having human shape and suffering from tardiness and needing rest and sleep , must be a false religion or world view .

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THE ELIMINATION PROCESS
Using the reasons above, we can try to analyse the major religion of the world and by some kind of elimination process find out which one best fits our description of a religion worth fallowing. 1. We can categorise all human being into two group .the first group is those who do not believe that there is a creator and sustener of the universe called god. The second group is those who believe that terhe is creator of some sort in the universe. From the above analysis, we can conclude that whoever has world view that claims there is no creator must have an unreasonable and false worldview. In this category, the atheist and the agonistic have to be regarded as false concept .therefore, we are left with those who say there is creator and sustener of the universe. 2. We can categorise all those who say there idols a creator of some sort in to two group. those who say that there is only one god and those who say there is possibility of multiple god s .is from the above analysis ,we can conclude that whoever `has a world view , which claims that there is the possibility of having multiple god is an unreasonable and false worldview . In this category, some of the ancient religion s of the Far East especially Hinduism, Buddhism’s and others can be regarded as false worldviews. 3. We can categorise all those who say there is only thee possibilities of one creator into the three main monotheistic religion of the the world mainly Judaism’s, Christianity, and Islam nudism’s has maintained the essential massage of the oneness of the creator. the main problem of Judaism is the fact that the it has tribal or ethnocentric worldview about its followers mainly the child of Israel .the Jew believe that they they are chosen children of creator to the exclusion of all other human beings on earth .however, one major problems with this idea is the fact that tribalism’s, racism partiality, and nepotism can be regarded as part of the weakness of human beings. To ascribe this attribute to the creator assume that he has human weakness .therefore, this worldview can not necessarily be correct. Similarly, any worldview that happen s to be correct cannot seclude guidance from the creator to a few selected human being and leave the rest of all human being in darkness. 4. We are left with two main religions of the world today mainly Islam and Christian .there are lot of similarities between Islam and Christianity. on doctrinal issue , both religious believe in the fallowing : • The one universal approachable God who is loving and caring for his creature .His reality is beyond the human perception .he has sent prophets to guide mankind. Some of these prophets have brought revelation, which became scripture s. accountability for our deeds on the day of the judgement. God special guidance to those who turn to him. Mortal teaching from god. The need for our rightetiou s action and not mere lip service. About there personality of Jesus Christ (p) , both religious beliefs in the fallowing : he was born miraculously ,he performed miracle s by god permission . He was messiah. He verified and modified the forah the most fundamental difference between Islam and Christianity is that Christians believe Jesus Christ is the son of god and God. The problems with this ascertain is that Jesus chariest never claims to be god in the bible. On the other contrary, Jesus Christ claimed to be only human messenger of god
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(reference in the bible to this effect include john 17,3john 5:30 act s 2:22) according to Christians, Jesus Christ is the only begotten son of God. The problem with this assertion is that begetting is not an attribute of God. But that of a man. To attribute human physical characteristic to god negate the reasoning used above. It goes against the very teaching believe that of man, it goes against the very teaching of the bible it self (john 4:24). Islam says that Jesus chariest was only a messenger of god Christians believe that Jesus came to the world to die for our sin s (though he himself was sinless) the problem with this assertion is that it negate the supreme justice of the creator for been unjust to his `only sinless son` the who came to die for the sins of mankind. Furthermore, it does not agree with there logic above about a perfect god because injustice is a human weakness and a godly weakness. finally , some chapter s of the bible give a human description of god , for example , god was looking for Adam in the garden (genesis 3:8-9)god was sorry that he created man (genesiss6.6)god will know (genesis 18:20)god rested and refresh e him self (exodus 31:17) god shaved (Isaiah 7;20)god behaved like one drunk with wine (psalm s78 ;65 god was sorry (Samuel 15;34)
5. From (4), we may be inclined to believe that while Christian has the belief that there is only one

god. However, there are many description of god that attributes to him a physical and human nature. such description do not fit god and ultimately our discussion about god in the beginning do not agree with giving god human and physical nature .therefore ,the only religion left is Islam .. 6. therefore, let us study Islam and find out what it has for us as a religion .Islam is the only religion that gives us the description of the one and immaterial god (holy quaran 59; 22-24) it is the only religion that gives us the purpose of our existence on earth .primarily, Islam gives us the answer to the question of where do we come from, what we are doing here on earth and our destination from this world (holy quran 2:3039) . for further reading see Islam , the natural way by abdulhamid Wahid and contemporary moral issue s by Joe Jenkins (Heinemann)

Finding a purpose for your life as a Muslim Introduction
Many people think of issue such as ‘where do we come from ‘? What is the purpose of our existence on earth? And where do we go from here? Unfortunately, many word viewers that we have today do not present clearer and convincing reasons for our existence on earth. a Muslim is usually asked by a non-Muslim ‘why are you created on earth ?he usually respond by saying , o worship god (worship in this case is usually restricted to the pure act of worship such as prayer , fasting ,pilgrimage etc) the non –Muslim respond by ask9ing the Muslim , if you created to worship god , does it mean that god has flows and needs your loyalty to
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be god ?the Muslim quickly says no . The Muslim then respond to the question by saying ‘we are created so that does not know all hinds and would have to test us to find out the best among us ‘? The Muslim again says no .the Muslim respond by saying ‘we are created because Adam and eve committed the original sin in the garden and we are here on earth to save the punishment ’’. To this response, the non-Muslim asks the Muslim,’’what then is the difference between your believe and the Christian belief which says that Adam and eve committed sins and punishment were sent down to earth to suffer? The Muslim then begins to doubt the reasons thought to him from childhood of his purpose on earth. This little pamphlet is design to aid the reader in responding to the above mentioned question posed by non-Muslim and giving a few ideas about the real purpose of life on earth for the Muslim.

CLARIFYING THE ONCEPT OF WORSHIP IN ISLAM AND TESTING BY GOD ?

(A) It is true that man was created to worship God. the quran say :

’ I have only created jinn’s and men that they may worship me’ (quran 51:56) however, the concept of worship in Islam is unlike that of every religion. the Islamic concept of worship is where the Muslim submit his will of Allah and in every aspect of his earthly existence be it social , economic , political life etc . we hear a lot about the ’’five pillars of Islam ’’ but they are presented as the whole of Islam , many times in a shallow way .they are not the whole of Islam any more than one can claim to have a functional house composed exclusively of five concrete pillars . a functional house also need ceiling ,walls table windows and others things the five pillars of Islam are presented by most writers as mere formal rituals . Even the the pillars that is liable to appear ritualistic like the daily prayers, is simply more than getting up and down. it involve social and political lessons to teach the Muslim . What May appear as a separate compartment of life, such as this is business and this is spiritual simply does not exist for the true Muslim? This is in consonance with the quaran which says: ’’ o ye who believe Enter in to Islam whole –heartedly: and fallow not the footsteps of evil one: for he is to you an avowed enemy ’’ (q 2:208) (B) it is also true that god create ed us in order to test us . the quran says : firstly , the quran describe god as-knowing also the quran talks about testing humans in the many stages of there earthly existence /.the quaransays :’’ Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger , some loss in god , lives and fruits , but gives glad tiding to those who patesantly persevere . When calamity befalls them, they say ’’from god we come and to him is our return ’’.(q 2:155-156) and we shall try you until we test those among you who strive there utmost and per serve in patient :and we shall try your reported (mettle )(q 47:31) However, the test offered to us is not increasing God’s knowledge about us. The test is for us to know ourselves better and to asses our selves as to whether we really believe or not. Similarly man is a moral being on earth. Through test, trial and adversities, he is able to improve and grow his moral consciousness. (with the understand that whatever trials comes to him is from god )in addition ,another issue is that if God were to place man directly from creation into hell due to his limitless
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knowledge that the man is going to be bad on earth ,then we would question the validity of such judgement . Therefore, in order to have clear evidence for or against ourselves, God test us. Therefore the test is for us and not for God.

MAN’S KHALIFASHIP (TRUSTEESHIP) ON EARTH
The simplest reason of the purpose of man’s existence on earth is the honourable title given by the quran as God ´s ’’khalfa h ’’(meaning vicegerent /trustee /deputy )on earth .the quran says: ’’wilt thou place therein one who will. Then will makes mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate thy praise s and glorify thy holy (name)?’’ he said:’’I know what ye know not ’’ (q 2:38-39) The duties and responsibilities of man on earth include using his knowledge and intellect for preserving and managing the earth and all its content include human beings as planed and ordinary by almighty God. The quran says: ’’we said ’’get ye down all from here (paradise): and if as is sure there comes to you guidance from me ’’whosoever fallows my guidance on them shall they grieve. But those who reject faith and believe our signs they shall be companions of the fire, they shall abide therein ’’ (q 2:38-39) In addition, god has mankind free will to obey god in executing his commandment s or rejecting them. Whichever way man chooses, he will be held responsible for his actions .the quaran says: (it is) the truth from the lord of you (all) then whosoever will, let him disable. Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers fire…… (Q 2:29)

THE REAL PURPOSE OF LIFE FOR A MUSLIM
In order to carryout his /her duties and responsibilities as god trustee on earth, it is necessary for Muslim to understand and prioritize his acuities here on earth with means of fulfilling the final objective of becoming successful trustee of god on earth . To do this he has to study the manual (the quar’an) sent down to him as promised by god (q2:38-39). In the quran, one important verse that defines the real value of a Muslim, and the same time informs him on ways of fulfilling his purpose of existence is in (q3:110) This means that for one to be a true believer, he /she will have to be one of those who fulfil the criteria of enjoining right, forbidding wrong and believe in Allah in every aspect of mans existence. These include enjoining right and forbidding wrong in human relation. The ecology, the atmosphere, animals and in fact everything. Enjoining right and forbidden wrong includes inviting others people from other religion to understand Allah’s laws and commandment. The quran says in relation to calling people to Allah’s religion ’’ And who is better in speech than he who calls other s unto the way of Allah, and is a doer of god, and says ’’ I am of those who are Muslim (submitted there will to Allah s will?’’ (Q 41:33) Unfortunately, many human beings (including the majority of Muslim) have misplaced the priorities placed on man on earth majority of Muslim think that the real purpose of our existence is
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to come to earth, earn a good living and along the way carry out some spiritual activates such as praying five times a day and fasting in the month of Ramadan. To make maters worse, many Muslim believe they will be granted paradise on account of the fact that they are simply Muslim s born to Muslim families. Many Muslim simply work to live and live to work throughout there lives with out fulfilling the third aspect of there lives which is to serve Allah (s w. t) in all aspect of there lives as much as possible. However, the manual (the quar’an) which god has sent to mankind through his last final messenger, Muhammad (p) tells us that life is far more than a few spiritual endeavours (q2:177). Instead of working to live and living to work, shouldn’t the equation be working to live and living to serve god almighty? This seems to be better way of fulfilling a Muslim purpose of existence on earth. this seems to be more in consonance with what Allah expect from us as mentioned i9n the quran where re it says ’’say ’’ truly my prayer and my service of sacrifice my life and my death are (all)for Allah the cherisher of the world s’’ (q6:162). Furthermore, the quar’an gives us guidance on how to manage the earth in every sphere of human endeavour be it economic, social or political affairs. The same quran warns us against carrying out our acuities with out regarding how god almighty wants us to carry them out. ’’……..if any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed they are unbelievers ’’ (q5:44) ’’……and if any fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath they are wrongdoers ’’ (q5:45) ’’……..if any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed they are those who rebel ’’ Also, god almighty gives us a practical manifestation of how to carry out this endeavour through the personality of prophet Muhammad (p) the quaran says:’’ye have indeed in the apostle of Allah a beautiful pattern of how to (conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the final day and who engage much in the praise of Allah ’’ (q33:21)

WHAT SUCCESS MEAN FOR MUSLIM
According to the quran and sunnah of the prophet Muhammad (p)success is not based merely on the number of material acquisition that to make while on earth , rather , success is based on the ability of one be a successful trustee on earth there is no doubt that the quaran tells us not to forget our portion of this world when giving the story of qarun and the children of Israel , the quran says ’’but seek with the (wealth )which Allah has bestowed on thee the home of the hereafter nor forget thy portion in this world . Do thou good as Allah has been good to thee and seek not (occasion for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief ’’ (q 28:77) However, where the danger comes in is where Muslim place themselves ine3ither the two situation

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1. The acquisition of material wealth for the sake of acquisition and enjoyment only: 2. Discarding our duties and responsibilities ad ordained by god to human being. The quran says ’’what is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best is the home in hereafter for those who are religious. Will ye not then understand? (q 6: 32) Such as took there religion to be mere amusement and play were deceived by the life of the world ’’that day shall we forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of there s and as they were wont to reject our sign s’’ (q7:51

SOME ADVISES ON HOW TO BE A SUCCESSFUL TRUSTEE.
A few simple advises that can aid us in our drive to be better trustee of Allah (S.W. t) on earth are: 1. What ever you do never join Allah with any being in worship in this case, meaning directing all your decision s to be in accordance with what Allah want us to do and how. 2. Always try to fallow Allah in all that he has ordained and forbidden for you. 3. Always ask Allah (s w t) for forgiveness in your short coming – those you know and you don’t know 4. Always try to make it your life ambition to make the world a better place when you leave oit than when you first found it. 5. Alwys endeavour to help as many of Allah s creature as possible whether materially or otherwise. 6. Always try to reduce the member of Allah’s creature s that you hurt and destroy on the planet. 7. Always try to align your programme with the trusteeship that Allah has placed for you on earth. May Allah guide us in carrying out the trusteeship successfully?

LET US REASONS TOGETHER .

The importance of reasoning
Reasoning is god s greatest gift to man. It is what makes man recognize the truth. A reason is what has made man superior to the rest of the creature. To have no respect for reasoning is to to have no respect for truth. in seeking for the truth , one has to be very reasonable , objective , critical ,knowledgeable , logical etc.when one has found the truth and can prove it is really the truth , the n it
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may be appropriate to be diagnostic in fallowing something , it is very7 possible that one could be sincerely wrong . Human reasoning therefore has to access the reability of revelation. if every religion such as Christianity ,Islam , Buddhism , Hinduism e t c. claim that its scripture is from god , what other than human reasoning can determine whether it is truly and fully the word of god almighty ? 1. the bible says ’’come let us reason together says the lord ’’ ( 1 Isaiah 1:18)’prove all things , hold fast to that to which is good ’’(tessalonians5:21)and god is not the author of confusion (1corinthians 14:33). 2. And poul went in as his custom: and for three weeks he argued from the scriptures, explaining and proving …….’’ (Acts 17:2-3) 3. The quar’an says ’’say thou: this is my way: I do invite unto Allah – on evidence clear as the seeing with ones eyes …..(Quar’an 12:108) 4. Do they not consider the quar’an (with care)? Had it been from any other than God, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy ’’ (quar’an 4:82)

ORIGINAL SIN AND BLOOD ATONEMENT
1. if the original sin is inherited , and are ’’born in sin ’’why does Jesus him self say they are innocent and pure ?(mark 10:14 -15) and ’’to such belong the kingdom of heaven ’’(Matthew 19 :14 )?also Matthews 18:3 ,luke18:17, and proverbs 20:11, etc. 2. Does god want the shedding of blood, when he says ’’for I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of god, rather than burnt offerings ’’ (hosea 6:6) 3. If …….’’the son shall not suffer for the in equity of the father, nor the father for the in equity of the son …….’’ (Ezekiel 18:20), why are we said to be suffering from the original sin (inequity ) of Adam and eve ?see also Jeremiah 31:29-30, Deuteronomy 24:16 , Mathew s 7:2 ,Galatians 6:3 -5, Corinthians 3:8, etc.

JESUS AS SON OF GOD !!
1.why is word ’’begotten ’’in john 3:16 taken out of most modern bible s such as the revised standard version , new English bible , new international version , the living bible , etc ? is he no more the ’’begotten ’’son of god ? 2. if Jesus is said to be the only begotten son of god , what of David in (psalms 2:7) ,who is also said to be a begotten ’’son of god ’’
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3. if Jesus is the only son of god , what of Adam (luke3:38)Israel (exodus 4:22)ephraim (Jeremiah) 31:19)Israel(exodus 4 :22) Ephraim (Jeremiah 13:9),etc ?see Mathew s 5:45 Roman 8:14 , deuteronomy14 :1, romanns8:29 etc

IS JESUS THE ALMIGHTY GOD HIMSELF ?
1. if Jesus was the one and only true god , whom did he pray to ?(Mathew s 26 :36 , john 12 :27 )etc 2. How could Jesus be god if he didn’t know when the day of judgement would be?(mattews24 :36 and mark 13 :32 ) 3. Were the miracles of Jesus not all by God power? See john 5: 30, Luke 11:20 acts 2:22, etc was it not god who performed three miracle of the birth of Jesus? If so, who is more ’special ’’Jesus or God? 4. Timothy (6:16) says god is immortal (i.e. can’t die).can Jesus be god if he died? 5. Jesus is reported to have said ’’I am the way , the truth and the life , and no one could go to the father but by me (john 14 :16 )but during the time of mosses , mosses was the way ,the truth and the life , and no one could go to the father but by him , since he was the only way to salvation at his time , does this verse not therefore apply to all prophets at their respective times . 6. Jesus is reported to have said he who has been the (john 14:19). Can this verse be taken literally if Jesus also says (to those looking at him) about the father that ’’you have neither heard his voice at any time nor seen his shape (john 5:37n) 7. God is god (1 corinthians 16:34) but Jesus says he is not good (mark 10:18) can he be God?

Trinity !
Some Christian quotes the New Testament (john 1:1) to prove that Jesus had no beginning but was co –eternal with God. ’’In the beginning was the word and the word was with god and the word was god ’’this is also a contradictory assertion that two things are different and yet are the same. How can the word be god if hew is with god himself? It is like saying that ’’in the beginning was the cup and the cup were with the plate and the cup was the plate ’’such language seems designed to cause obscurity and confusion instead of conveying meaning. If the word was God, does god have beginning? 1. If the word Trinity is not in the bible (ie is not biblical, can the Trinity be a divine teaching, or doctrine? why does the church teach a confusing doctrine if god is not the author of confusing (1cointhians 14:33)
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2.the New catholic encyclopaedia (19 67 , art the holy Trinity ‘ vol 14, page 299) says that the trinity was not solidly established in the Christian faith prior to the end of the 4centuary (i.e. .400 years after Jesus ) in view of this fact , can the trinity be considered as part of god as word to Jesus or the dispels or any other prophet ?what does this imply ?

DID JESUS DIE ON THE CROSS?
3. If Jesus prayed to be saved from death (Luke 22:42, john 12:27 and Matthews. 26:39) and his prayer was answered (Hebrew 5:7why is he said to have died? see also provebs 15:29 and jams 5:16. 4. If Jesus was dead on the cross s, why was he still bleeding from his side (john 19:3). Does a dead person blled? 5. If Jesus was really dead in the tomb, why would Mary want to anoint (rub with ointment) a 3days old corpse (mark 16:1) which would be swallowing and decomposing corpse? 6. If Jesus was really dead, why would marry want to take him away (john20:15)? What did she want to do with a decomposing corpse? Where did she want to take him how did she intend to take him by herself? This question only makes sense if jesu8s was a live 7. If the dead become immortalized angelised, spiritualised (Luke 20:36, mark 12:25, Hebrew s 9:27 .1 Corinthians 15:42-44 etc why did Jesus not appear to the dislikes as a spirit ?instead he appeared to them as normal man with ‘flesh and bones (Luke 24:36-43)etc could Jesus really have died ? 8 .The sign of the prophet Johan 15-17, 21) was a failed execution. All those were on the ship with Jonah believed he would be just as that of Jonah (mathews12:38 -40) 9. Therefore the sign of Jesus would also be failed execusotion , that is he would be thought of as dead when he was actually alive but in his case in the heart of the earth . How do the actual of Jesus fulfil this prophecy?

Salvation !
If Jesus himself says in the kingdom of heaven is not his to grant but for god to grant (mathew20:20-23) how then could he be mans saviorur 1. If god in isaih 43:11 that I am the lord and besides me there is no saviour how then could Jesus be man’s saviour? 2.If it is truly belief in the death of Jesus that count (towards salvation )why didn’t he preach that ? instead as seen in Mathew (19-19)he says ……if you would enter life keep the commandment’s .and in Mathew 7:21 Jesus says ‘Not every one who says to me ‘lord, lord ‘’…….shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my father who is in heaven ‘’ `

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AUTHENCITY OF THE BIBLE
If God cant be seen (1 timotyn6:16, john5:37) why did Jacob see him (genes is 32:30) did mosses really see god ;s back (exodus 33:23)did mosses speak face to face (with god ) and a man speak to his fiend ‘exodus 33:11)? If Jesus forbid cursing and says ‘’who ever says you fool shall be liable to hell ‘’ (Mathew s 5:22) could he be the same person who call Jews ‘’young blind fools ‘’ ‘(Mathew 5:22) could he be same person who calls the Jews you blind fools! (Mathews 23:17)? 1. Was Jesus crucified on the third hour (mark 15:25) or was it after the six the hour (john 19:13 -16)? 2. Was Jesus killed on the cross or by hanging on a tree (acts 5:30)? 3. Was ahaziah 22 yeas old when he began to reign (2 king s 8:26) or was he 42 years old (2chronicles 22;2 )? 4. Is it proper to say god (genesis (32:2Is it proper to say god rested and refreshed himself after creating the earth?(exodus 31:17) 5 Could the mosses have written Deuteronomy 34;5-12 where it says and mosses was a hundred and twenty years old where he died ?could mosses have written about death in the past tense (i.e. not a prophecy )and in the third person singular ? 6. .Is it right to say the lord god shyaves the hair on his feet, head and beard (Isaiah 7; 20)? 7. . Is it right to say god behave like one drunk with wine (psalms 78; 65)? 8 . Can the bible be the complete word of god (Isaiah 40 ;8if the fallowing verses are missing from most modern version of the bible (mark11;26 ,7;16,15;28,9;44,9;46,mathew 17;21 ,21;44,23;14,12;47,lukwe 22;43-4423;17,24;1224;40,17;36etc

The search for truth
God never dines a person access to the truth if he sincerely searches for it in the right way.
However some fell no comfort in the truth because it might lead to some shattering self –revelation or because their comfort or competency might be disturbed. There is non one who is not aware that there is something he or she should know living deliberately in ignorance of the truth brings no real peace of mind in this world or in the hereafter. Thought the truth may be sometimes heavy and better. If is the only way to eternal success s It is hoped that this small pamphlet will help our brothers and sisters to make a reasoned analysis of the evidence for certain Christian beliefs as fund in the bile and as put forward by some of the churches. The q1uran has long ago given us guidance that we should reason with Christian in a polite and proper manner sp that they should come back to the pure teaching of Jesus (p) about the absolute oneness of god They quar’an says: O followers of earlier revelation come unto that which we and you hold in common that we shall not ascribe divinatory to aught beside him and as forward by some of the churches . The quar’an has long ago given us guidance that we should reason with Christian s in a

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polite and proper manner so that they should come back to the pure teaching of the Jesus (p) about the absolute oneness of God. The quar’an says: o followers of earlier revelation! come unto that ( one which we and you hold in common : that we shall not ascribe divinity to aught beside him and that we shall not take human beings for our lord besides god .and if they turn easy . then say ‘ Bear witness that it is we who have surrender ourselves ( as Muslims) unto him (q 3: 64) also the quar’an say o my servants who have transgressed against their souls ! despair not of the mercy of Allah . for Allah forgives all sins for he is forgiving most merciful . turn ye to your lord ( in repentance ) and bow to his (will) before the penalty comes on you . .after that you shall not be helped . (q: 53-54) . (II)For the sake of power Some people that Muhammad (p) may not be interested in wealth but it must be that he was seeking worldly power. in history , there have been such personalities who have acquired power not to possess anything material but to , if possible , have the power of life and death over their people . let us again analyzed from his life and teaching whether or not he was not interested in power . in the life of prophet Muhammad (p) one funds hoe he emphatically repeated to his companions saying ‘ do not praise me as the Christians have prised the son of Mary , for I am but the servant of god . Rather call me the servant of god and his prophet. once he arrived at a gathering of his companions leaning on a stick and they all rose up in respect for him . he said to them ‘’do not stand up for me as the Persians do in aggrandizement of one another ‘’ . whenever he joined his companions , he always sat at the edge of the space they answer the call of freeman ,slave , maidservant and destitute alike . he used to visit the sick in the farthest district of medina , to take always smiling in the face of everyone . in his home , he felt no superiority over the members of the his family . he washed his own robe servant , and fulfilled the request of the weak , the orphans and the destitute . whenever he found somebody in need , however lowly or plebeian , he preferred to attend to him first rather than to himself or his family . He washed his own robe and mended it by his own hand. he milked his own goat , repaired his own sandals attended to himself and his camel , ate with his servant , and fulfilled the request of the weak , the oppe3rsed and the destitute . whenever he found somebody in need , however lowly or plebeian , he preferred to attend to him first rather than to himself or his family . His kindness and mercy extended not only to human beings but even to animals. he used to rise and open the door for a cat to enter . he attended with his own hands to a sick rooster and rubbed down his own horse with his own sleeve . when his wife , Aisha (RA) rode on an obstinate camel and pull him hardly , he said ‘’softly and gently please ‘’ thus , the quar’an describes him as a ‘’mercy unto the whole worlds’’ (quar’an 21;107) Once prophet Muhammad (P) was asked by his cousin n Ali in talib concerning his Sunnah (i.e. his actions and habits ) and the former replied ‘’wisdom is my capital , reason the force of my religion , love my foundation , longing my vehicle , the remembrance of God my constant pleasure , trust my treasure , mourning my companion , knowledge my arm , patience my robe , contentment my booty, poverty my pride , ascetism my profession ,conviction my strength

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,truthfulness my intercessor , obedience my argument , striving and exerting effort in the path of god my ethics and prayer my supreme pleasure. Does a man like the one describe above sound as if he was in search of power ?. Does it sound as if an impostor is speaking? no .therefore , we can conclude that prophet Muhammad was not in search of worldly power . this same man emphasized in one of the hadith that ‘whoever has pride as much as the size of a grain would be punished ‘ it is in view of these arguments presented above that a third reason is advanced for prophet Muhammad (P) wanting to claim prophet hood. (iii) For the reformation of his people (i.e. out of pity and love for them ) The reason advanced here is that firstly they admit that he ( Muhammad (P) was a good man who wished well for his people . he felt sad about his people attitude towards their in- moral way of life particularly their idol worship , drunkenness, prostitution , adultery etc. He thought that by claimin proohethood, he could influence their decision and way of life. before , we start the argument , we must understand that the quar’an which he preached and recited day and night to his people condemned people who claimed to be prophets when they were not . therefore , for whatever reason , he would not condemn himself in his own book . the quar’an says ‘’who is more guilty of wrong than one who invents a lie against Allah or says I have received inspiration when he has received none ‘,,(q6:94) first when we talk of a god man , he cannot be an impostor ie lying to the people for 23 years of his life about his prophet hood . Then in that case, we are not talking about a good man. second , is it possible that Muhammad (p) would undergo all the trials , tribulations and persecution in the desert simply to reform his people while undergoing ridiculed , mockery and torture by his enemies . he suffered battles , teaching his followers the quar’an , domestic problems in and around medina . All types of people surrender him. The Jews gave him no peace. The musriks (polytheists) gave him no peace. The munafiqs (hypocrites) gave him no peace. there were constant threats from every direction were waraqah ibn naufal who was Christian and tried to translate some portion of the evangel . Others were umayyah and quss. They gave up once their effort s proved furtile. finally , if prophet Muhammad (P) was concerned about their moral wrecklessness alone , then he would not have done the job . the idea of oneness of god and a repudiation of their idols could have been avoided if it would bring so much problems as it did . the makkan leaders offered all types of material wealth and power if Muhammad (P) would only stop the preaching . Therefore the only available option for us is to accept the man for what he claimed to be, Muhammad (P) the messenger of Allah. c. Reasons for Muslim belief in Muhammad (i)they believe that Muhammad (P) that PROPHET was foretold in the testament by prophet mosses (P) in Deuteronomy 18;18-19 . he was the prophet mentioned in the book of Isaiah 42;10 -11,28 ; he was also mentioned in the songs of Solomon 5;16 . other references are in the new Testament john 1:19-25, 16:7-12. Ii Muhammad (P) was a man of complete integrity according to very reliable information who they know had never lied or ever misplaced the trust people had in him . a man who had compassion for both the rich , the poor , the weak , the oppressed and the destitute . (iii) the type of struggle in his life and all the untold hardship and sacrifices he went through did not point to an impostor in him .
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(iv) There is no credible argument both historically and scientifically against Muhammad (P) teaching. Therefore, there was no need to belief him. (v) There was the manifestation of the highest moral character practiced by Muhammad’s (p) in his everyday life. (vi) they saw in his teaching the most perfect and elaborate way of life that removed all riddles and beliefs that were brought about by human interference in religion and brought the restoration of the worship one God and a sense of balance between the extremism of both Christianity and Judaism. Was Muhammad a true prophet of god ? Introduction Every one of five people on earth today believes in Muhammad (P) as a true prophet of God. They also believe him to be the last and final messenger of God to the entire human race. however , the majority of people on earth still do not believe him to be so .Non-Muslim’s therefore leave us with no option rather than to rationally analyze this claim of Muhammad’s prophet hood and using our special gift of reasoning , find out if he was indeed a new messenger of god to mankind in our analysis we would be analyzing the fallowing points : (a) Muhammad‘s integraty among his people. (b) The possible reason’s why Muhammad would want to claim prophet hood such as : (1)for the sake of material wealth (2) for the sake of power (3) for reforming his people (out of pity and love for their immorality ) (A) Muhammad’s integrity among his people Before we start our analysis we first of all be clear on the absolute integrity of Muhammad (P) in the society he grew up in he was never known to have uttered a single lie from his birth to his death , indeed the people of makkah trusted him so much that they called him by the nickname ‘ al-amin ‘ meaning ‘ the trustworthy ‘ if there was single person who Muhammad (P) had lied to at any time before or after revelation that person would have been quick to point it out. History records that at a certain time in the early stages of Muhammad’s prophet hood he climbed to the top of the mountains of makkah and the people gathered around him . He said to them ‘O people of quarish! tell me if I were to tell you that I see a Calvary on the other side of the mountain . would you believe me ‘’ they answered ‘ indeed for we trust you , and we have never known you to tell a lie ‘’ he then said ‘ know then that I am a Warner and that I warn you of a severe punishment . ‘the point been made here is that the people so much trusted him that whatever he said they were ready to accept , it is possible that such a man would finally turn out to be an impostor claiming prophet hood after the age of forty? Is it possible for such a person whom history tells us that when he received the first revelation he rushed to his wife trembling and telling her to cover him up with a blanket ? as an impostor , what he probably would have done was to be vary jovial and excited about his newly commissioned prophet hood . people just don’t change their pattern of behaviour after the age of forty . however , if the doubt for his prophet hood still exist , then there would be the need to analyze Muhammad ‘s claim of prophet hood and verify its validity or the lack of it .
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(c) the possible reasons why Muhammad would want to claim prophet hood such as ;

1. for the sake of material wealth 2. For the sake of power. 3. for reforming his people (out of pity and love for their immoral and decent behaviour ) 1. for the sake of material wealth this is to analyze and find out if Muhammad ‘s claim to prophet hood was in order to gain some material wealth in order to find out whether Muhammad (P) pretend to be prophet so that he could possess material wealth we have to look at this life both before his commission to prophet hood and after . before prophet hood , Muhammad (P) was married to khadija ( who happened to be a widow and was a very successful merchant . she out of love for him absolved him from all the trouble of looking for the basis necessities of life and even beyond that . he therefore resorted to contemplation about God and the problems of his people at a cave outside makkan called Hira . before prophet hood ,he had access to whatever the best of makkan could offer in terms of material wealth . however , when he became a prophet and his wife died (some years after revelation had begun ), the situation of his life changed radically . he lived a very ascetic life . he slept in a bed of palm fibres . at one time , one of his wives , hafsah thought that that she should make the prophet’s bed more compatible , so she folded the piece of canvass on the bed into two . in the process Muhammad (P) overslept in the morning he asked her what she did to his bed . when she told him , he said to her ‘ don’t do that for it prevent me from waking up to pray at night ‘ he never ate his fill . he never ate barley bread on two consecutive days gruel being his main daily meal together with dates . he once said ‘ we are people who never eat until we are hungry and when we eat never have our fill. He felt the pungs of hunger more than once , and learned to press a stone against his stomach as a means of silencing those pangs . In his dressing, he was very ascetic as he was in his food. one of his wives once gave him a new robe because he was in need of one . one of his companion asked him for something to shroud a dead relative , and Muhammad (P) gave him the pair of sandals and he did wear slippers until the Negus of Abyssinia sent him some together with clothes. There was a certain time when due to some domestic problems in the household of Muhammad (P) he secluded himself for a month in a storeroom he owned. umar (RA) , a close companion of the prophet come to see him when umar entered the room ,he looked round it . all he could see was only furniture the prophet was lying on , the straw mat whose pattern of weaving had imprinted itself on the prophet’ s side . a little barley a skin and small container of water was in the room . Umar (RA) began to cry. the prophet asked to him why he was crying he ( umar ) said ‘ o prophet of god ! The leaders of Persia and Byzantium are living in luxury and enjoying themselves. you , the messenger of god and his beloved one are living in this condition . The prophet said to him ‘o umar! are you still in doubt about this matter that the hereafter is better and more lasting ? suffice it to say that this was the way prophet Muhammad (P) lived after his ministry began ( which lasted for 23 years ) .before he died , he said ‘
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we prophet do not leave anything for inheritance . Whatever we leave goes to the poor ‘. and when he died , his shield was in the hands of Jewish pawnbroker a collateral for a loan he collected . even before he died , he had seven dirham which he ordered to be distributed to the poor .due to the prophets illness the people forgot . When he asked them about it they forgot. He told them to bring it. when they did he said ‘ what will gods messenger say when he meets God with this (referring to the seven dirham ) .and he ordered it to be distributed to the poor . Does this sound like somebody who was seeking wealth and material benefit? It can therefore be seen that he was better off before prophet hood. therefore , we can conclude that he couldn’t have pretended to be a prophet in order to gain some sort of material wealth or benefit. the quar’an says ‘ say (o Muhammad ) ‘no reward do I ask of you for it but that each one who wills may take a (straight ) path to his lord ‘ (q 25;57)

Who wrote the quar’an god or Muhammad?
Introduction
The basis for belief of most religions is their scripture. these scripture from the bedrock of belief and constitute the essence of the teaching of the religions . The Muslim belief the holy quar’an to be the inspired word of god to the prophet Muhammad (P)

Source or Authority of The Quar’an
concerning the authorship of the quar’an , Muslims believe that it was revelled verbatim by god to Muhammad (P) . non-Muslims however who do not support this view can have no difference with Muslims concerning the fact that the quar’an was at least uttered by Muhammad (P) ,a makkan Arab in the 6 centaury CE . the Muslim claim of ‘ internal evidence ‘ for the divine authorship of the quar’an from the quar’an itself (eg q4;82,6;92,45;2 etc ) is understandably looked upon with skepticsm, as nearly anyone can quote passage from his or her scripture that claim the scripture in question is revelation from god . we are therefore forced by reason and objectivity to look elsewhere for for ‘external evidence ‘ of the quar’an divine source or authority . the simple proposed structure for the presentation of this ‘external evidence ‘ is one where we get to the answer of the question –who wrote the quar’an ?by non elimination process of those alternative answer to this question which are definitely wrong . in other words ,the daintier or (at least) most probably author or source of the quar’an is identified by eliminating unacceptable alternative candidates. There are various contradictory views and options by some non-Muslims as to the source of the quar’an. The fallowing list of ‘possible ‘authors reflects the main theories. (A) Muhammad (P) (B) Some other Arab poet ,Scholars etc
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(C) (D) (E) (F)

Some non-Arab scholars-poets or religious or religious personalities Monks or rabbis (i.e. from bible or judeo-Christian sources) Satan (or other deceitful ‘ spirit or aliens ‘ etc ) god we may now proceed to examine from a closer study of the quar’an and history how plausible these theories are .

The fallowing argument are aimed at discussing the possibilities of the authorship of the quar’an to be attributed to Muhammad (P)

(A)

Muhammad; unlettered and uneducated

The fact that Muhammad could neither read or write (quar’an 29;48) is well known and uncontested by even his non –Muslim contemporaries and present day historians . he had no schooling or teacher of any kind . he had never been known to compose oral poetry or prose . The quar’an with its all-embracing laws, freedom from all inconsistencies. Has its greatens acknowledged even by non-Muslim scholars (see Frederick Denny (1987) in ‘Islam ‘p 88. Dr Maurice (1983) in the ‘ bible ‘ , quar’an and science ‘ p. 163 and H.A.R Gibbs (1932) in ‘ whether Islam ‘ p. 350) its content treat social economic , political and religious legislation , views of the universe , li9fe thought , human transitions , war , peace , marriage , worship , business and everything relating t life –with no contradicting principles . The quar’an has never yet been edited or revised. Where and when has history ever produced an illiterate and uneducated author of such a scripture? (B) Muhammad’s known integrity Muhammad’s sincerity , truthfullenes and integrity were so well known that was even nicknamed ‘ al-amen ‘ (the trustworthy )by his pre-Islamic community . No single lie is recorded against him. if his integrity had been in question , and he was supposed to have been motivated by the desire for personal glory to produce the quar’an , why then would he disclaim authorship and instead claim it was from God especially when it was clear that no one could produce such scripture (q2; 23-24, 17;90) etc , but only marvelled it ? how reasonable is it to believe that unlettered Muhammad (P) would author the quar’an for personal benefit and then within the quar’an correct and prove himself (Q80:12,33:37, 9:115,18:23-24) Why would he embarrassed himself when he could simply omit or favourably modify such verses in the quar’an ? the existence of such verses only proves that Muhammad was indeed a truthful and sincere messenger of god.

(C) The style of the quar’an
There is a world of difference between the style of the quran and Muhammad’s own style recorded in the book of hadith. the differences between the two in every respect -style and contents –are immediately evident . the sayings of Muhammad (Hadith ) are conversational
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, oratical , expository , of a kind the Arabs were already familiar with . By contrast the style of the quar’an is authoritative. Which fallible human being would writer a book and challenge humanity to find discrepancies in it , as does the author of the quar’an (q2:82) ? would any sensible student after writing an exam paper add a to the lecture saying ‘read my answer with care and find any discrepancies or mistakes in it if you can ? The style of the quar’an is simply that of the all-knowing creator.

(D)

similarities and discrepancies between the quar’an and the bible
How could the quar’an have been sourced from the bible when the first Arabic version of the old testament appeared 200 years after the death of Muhammad (P) ,and the first Arabic version of the new testament appeared 1000 years after Muhammad (P)? • The more existence of similarities between any two books is insufficient to prove that one must have been copied from the other . both could have drown information from a third common source , thus accounting for some similarities between them . this , in fact ,is the argument of the quar’an that Allah is the source of all authentic revelation (Q4;43) • Could the quar’an have been copied from the bible if they exhibit n serious creedal differences? Regarding doctrines such as the concepts of god and prophet hood ,sin and forgiveness , the quar’an differs significantly with the bible.
• •

The quar’an also mentions a good amount of historical information about which n the bible is completely silent . From which portion of the bible were the following copied? the stories of the people of ‘AD and THAMUD’,their prophets ,HUD (P) and saleh (P) , the dialogue between prophet NUH(P) and his son before the flood , the dialogue between Abraham (P) and his father , as well as between him and namrud , mention of imran , Jesus ‘s miracle of speaking from there cradle and his producing (by God’s will) a bird from clay etc. see the ( quar’an 11; 32,42;19,21;57,2;258 ,21;69,2;260,3;37,46 and 49) Even in the case of narration common to woman for the mistake committed by Adam and eve in the disobeying god in their garden (see genesis 3;12-17,(q9;78,2;31-33) . the emphasis that Adam and eve repented to god and were forgiven by him (q2;37,7;23) mentions that the eventual dwelling of Adam and eve on earth was already part of God’s and were forgiven before he created them (q 2; 30) and not a sort of punishment (genesis 3;17-19.) other significant variations can be seen in the stories of Abraham , Ishmael ,and Isaacs ,lot, Moses and Jesus (P)

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(E) Quranic teachings about morality and about Satan

If he authored or inspired the quar’an , why would Satan course himself and call himself the worst enemy of man (Q35;6, 36;60)?why would Satan common d that before reciting the quar’an , one must first ‘ I seek refuge in god from Satan the accursed ‘ (Q16;98)? How could Satan so vehemently condemn himself? is it really acceptable to common sense to hold the view that Satan would ask people to do good , to be moral and virtuous , to worship and obey none (IE not even Satan himself ) but god and avoid and struggle against evil ? this argument to many ‘ satanic forces ‘ be they ‘evil spirits ‘ , deceitful aliens ‘’ etc.
(G) the qur’anic factual contents and scientific information

in the quar’an are recorded facts about ancient times that wee unknown to Muhammad’s contemporaries and even to historians in the first half of this century (discussed below) . in scores of verses , we also find references to scientific wonders , some only recently discovered or confirmed , regarding the universe , biology , embryology , astronomy , physics geography , climatology, medicine , history , oceanology . etc .below are some examples of modern scientific discoveries mentioned in the quar’an .
(A) The

lost city of imran (q 89;7)

the existence of the city of imran was unknown to any historian in the world prior to the excavation of Syria (in 1973) at the site of the ancient city of elbows where clay tablets found there confirmed that the elbows used to do business with the people of imran . details of this can be found in the national geographic (magazine ) of 1978) . how did the author of the quar’an know of the existence of clay of imran (q 89;7) which no one else knew it ? (B) The ‘big bang ‘to be discovered later by non-Muslims (q 21;30 ) In the quar’an we read; ‘ have not those who disbelieve seen that the heavens and the earth were fused ( ratq) and then we broke them apart (fataqa) ,and we made every living thing out of water . Will they then not believe ‘’? With the above verse in mind , another tenet of modern science becomes quite intriguing . scientist have postulated for sometimes that the universe was originally a single primary mass of nearly infinite density that subsequently split into multiple
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fragment after a tremendous explosion , the ‘big bang ‘ . it has also been established that all living cells are made up mostly of water , which is the essentailmelement for the existence of life , as we know it . this verse accords with these conception .but there more interesting observation ids that this challenges to unbelievers was proclaimed in the 7 century . We may ask ourselves. Which unbelievers are being addressed here? for the contemporaries of Muhammad , those revelation had many ancient ,and presently unknown ,Arabian mythology to which they could relate it . was it then meant to be understood by people of a much later era who would be familiar with modern scientific findings? (c) The qur’anic description description of development of human embryo. How many well trained modern scientist and geniuses with aid of hi-tech equipment , satellite , telescopes , microscope and computers were required to discover the above facts and over what time span ? It is even conceivable that any human being 1,400 years ago could have produced a scripture with such information in it , let alone a person who had never been to school? Although the inability of man to encompass all the mysteries and complexities of creation is mentioned in the quar’an (67:4-4) , the revelation nevertheless seems to point to various natural phenomena as if urging human beings to enquire and verify what is said . we are merely comparing qur’anic statement that deal with the physical universe with certain scientific notions . Often there appear to be profound similarities

Conclusions
In examining the possible source of the quar’an , we have covered the following points. (1) Muhammad being unlettered (2) Muhammad’s integrity (3) The style of the quar’an (4) Discrepancies between the quar’an and the bible (5) Qur’anic teachings about morality and Satan (6) The quar’anic factual contents and scientific information. These points were presented to aid us in our ‘elimination process’ of unacceptable sources of the quar’an . firstly , we can eliminate Muhammad (P) as a possible author of the quar’an in view of points 2,3 and 6 (at5lest ) thirdly the reason for eliminating of any Arab from the list also eliminates any non-Arab scholars , poet or religious personality . fourthly , judeo – Christians sources of the quar’an are unacceptable in any view of points 1234 and 6 . fifthly , Satan (or deceitful spirits of aliens , or any one on his side etc) is also unacceptable especially in view of points (5) above. In the absence of any more acceptable alternative as source and author of the quar’an , one is forced more or less by reason to accept the Quar’an for what it claims to be -revelation from god -through his prophet Muhammad (P) .this position seems reasonable not just because is the only option that cannot to be objectively eliminanated , but because it ids reasonable to
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expect that a book with such qualities and content will come from man’s creator and guide . of all the possible source of the quar’an ,it is only the last alternative -god who even claim in the quar’an itself to be the author of the scripture . The position therefore which holds that Allah is the author of the quar’an still stands and the challenges or (FALSIFICATION TEST )(Q4;82) is note ; the evidence for the divine authorship of the quar’an is also evidence for the existence of the divine . Allah exists unless a more information on Islam and other issues concerning everyday life concerning religion contact. BY: MAHMOUD BASHIR MAHMOUD KANO NIGERIA.

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