AP Art History Mrs. Wiener Test on early Northern European and Romanesque art: Part I. Multiple choice.

Choose the best answer(s) for each question: 1. From the following list, choose the motifs that appear in early Northern European art: a) interlacing patterns b) trumeaus c) zoomorphic designs d) keyhole patterns e) westworks 2. Hiberno-Saxon is another name for a) the Cluniac order b) the Book of Kells c) Insular d) Carolingian 3. Carolingian art refers to art during the time of a) the Vikings b) the Cluniacs c) the Ottonians d) Charlemagne 4. Opus a) b) c) reticulatum is a method of creating westworks creating modular plan in a building facing concrete walls with bricks or stones to achieve a netlike ornamental surface pattern d) designing a church with an apse and several radiating chapels

5. All of the following were ways the early Northern Europeans embellished their religion with art except a) with beautifully illuminated manuscripts b) with high crosses c) with pointed rib vaults in the churches d) jewel-encrusted books 6. A particularly rich find of jewelry and other items made of precious metals was discovered at a) Sutton Hoo in the 7tth century b) Merovingia in the 7th century

c) Saint Michael’s, Hildesheim, in the 11th century d) Aachen in the early 9th century 7. Bishop Bernward was an important figure at a) Saint Gall, Switzerland, early 9th century b) Torhalle, Lorsch, Germany, ninth century c) Saint Michael’s, Hildesheim, Germany, early 11th century d) Aachen, Germany, early 9th century 8. The church associated with Charlemagne was a) the Palatine Chapel at Aachen b) Saint Michael’s, Hildesheim, Germany c) Saint Gall in Switzerland d) Cluny III in CLuny, France 9. A page is made up of a textile-looking decorative panel of abstract and animal-like forms. a) rug b) initial c) cross d) carpet e) none of the above 10. The symbol for John the Evangelist is a(n) a) ox b) eagle c) lion d) man 11. Early Northern European manuscript pages classicizing influence. a) never b) sometimes c) always d) never and always .

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12. Early Northern European manuscript pages can sometimes be . a) rigid and frontal b) sketchy c) equestrian d) material bronzish e) completely Islamic

13. Four roads led to the church of St. James, a saint who was the symbol of Christian resistance to Muslim expansion. A guidebook described the ways to make a pilgrimage to the church, which was located in a) Cordoba b) Aquitaine c) St. Thierry d) Vignory e) Santiago de Compostela 14. Romanesque churches often had roofs of a) timber b) concrete c) ashlar masonry d) Cyclopean masonry e) none of the above 15. A feature that was added to Romanesque churches in order to accommodate pilgrims was a) a crossing tower b) groin vaults c) radiating chapels d) compound piers 16. Romanesque churches often used buttresses for the barrel vaults. a) a crossing tower b) groin vaults c) radiating chapels d) compound piers in the aisles as

17. When the compound piers reach to the bottom of the tranverse bays of a Romanesque church, the piers are said to reach the vault’s . a) barrel b) groin c) tribune d) nave elevation e) springing 18. Cluniac monks favored Cistercian monks favored in their worship, while .

a) luxury; austerity b) austerity; luxury c) music; art d) art; music 19. There is controversy over whether the first groin vault over a nave was in a) France or Germany b) France or Italy c) Italy or Germany d) Germany or Aachen 20. Wiligelmo is known for his impressive frieze of Modena Cathedral in Modena, Italy. a) the Last Judgement b) Christ as Pantokrator c) Theotokos d) Adam and Eve on the

21. Artists sculpted imaginary beasts and horrific creatures in the early Middle Ages in order to a) scare young children b) represent sin c) scare thieves away from church buildings d) remind people they are purely evil and need not bother entering a church building 22. Holy a) b) c) d) Roman Emperors were buried in St. Etienne at Caen Sant’Ambrogio Speyer Cathedral St. Sernin

23. From Romanesque times, Italians have been concerned with height in the nave elevation of their northern European counterparts. a) less b) more c) neutrally 24. a) b) c) d) The masterpiece of Norman Romanesque architecture is Speyer Cathedral St. Sernin St. Etienne at Caen Sant’Ambrogio

25. Durham Cathedral has quadrant arches in the tribune that are the predecessors to Gothic . a) three-story nave elevations b) spires c) flying buttresses d) Perpendicular Style 25. a) b) c) d) Durham Cathedral also shows the English preference for modular planning over aesthetic beauty slender proportions over modular planning barrel vaults over groin vaults more massive architecture over a clerestory

Part II. Identify and discuss the images presented. Be sure to include the listed terms in your explanation. 26. tympanum trumeau ultimate lintel archivolts jambs 27. baptistery incrustation arcade 28. tripartite division sexpartite vault 29. cloisonné-like 30. Bishop Bernward Original sin and redemption 31. Ebbo Gospels

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