Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
• Lateral
Force
method of
Analysis
• Modal
Response
Spectrum
Analysis
• Pushover
Analysis
• Inelastic
Time
History
Analysis
Overview
Type of Seismic Analysis Method
Linear Analysis Non-linear Analysis
Static Dynamic Static Dynamic
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Mass
• Nodal Masses
• Floor Diaphragm Masses
• Loads to Masses
• Consistent Mass
• Self-weight to Mass
[Lumped Mass and Consistent Mass]
Lumped Mass
Consistent Mass
Mass of Structure
210 0 0 0 0 0 1
0 210 0 0 0 0 1
0 0 210 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 210 0 0 2 420
0 0 0 0 210 0 2
0 0 0 0 0 210 2
L
u
AL
I
u
v
u µ
v
u
( ¦ ¹
( ¦ ¦
( ¦ ¦
( ¦ ¦
¦ ¦
=
( ´ `
( ¦ ¦
( ¦ ¦
( ¦ ¦
( ¦ ¦
¸ ¸ ¹ )
2 2
2 2
140 0 0 70 0 0
1
0 156 22 0 54 13
1
0 22 4 0 13 3 1
70 0 0 140 0 0 2 420
0 54 13 0 156 22 2
2
0 13 3 0 22 4
c
u
L L
L L L L AL
I
u
L L
L L L L
v
u µ
v
u
(
¦ ¹
(
¦ ¦
÷
(
¦ ¦
(
¦ ¦ ÷ ÷ ÷
¦ ¦
( =
´ `
(
¦ ¦
(
¦ ¦
÷
(
¦ ¦
(
¦ ¦ ÷ ¹ )
¸ ¸
ν1 ν2
u1 u2
θ1 θ2
1 2
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Damping
Modal
User defines the damping ratio for each mode, and the modal
response will be calculated based on the user defined damping
ratios.
Mass & Stiffness Proportional
Damping coefficients are computed for mass proportional
damping and stiffness proportional damping.
Strain Energy Proportional
Damping ratios for each mode are automatically calculated using
the damping ratios specified for element groups and boundary
groups in Group Damping, which are used to formulate the
damping matrix.
Damping
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Modal Analysis
Modal Analysis
Eigen Vectors

Subspace Iteration
This method is effectively used when performing eigenvalue analysis for a finite element system of a large
scale (large matrix system) and commonly used among engineers.

Lanczos
Tri-diagonal Matrix is used to perform eigenvalue analysis. This method is effectively used when
performing eigenvalue analysis for lower modes.

Ritz Vectors
Unlike the natural eigenvalue modes, load dependent Ritz vectors produce more reliable results in dynamic
analyses with relatively fewer modes. The Ritz Vectors are generated reflecting the spatial distribution or the
characteristics of the dynamic loading.
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Modal Analysis
Construction Stage Analysis Control for Structural Stiffness in Post CS
The member forces of the last step of the last construction stage in a construction stage analysis
are converted into Initial Force for Geometric Stiffness to reflect the forces into the geometric stiffness
of the structure at the post construction (Post CS) stage.
Load >Initial Forces >Small Displacement
>Initial Element Forces(CS)
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Modal Analysis Results
Modal Analysis
• Natural Period & Frequency
• Modal Participation Masses
• Eigen Vectors
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Modal Analysis Results
Modal Analysis
Display the Mode Shape normalized to unity (maximum eigenvector = 1)
Where, φ: Mode shape vector,
M: Mass in input unit
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Implemented RS functions
such as IBC 2000, Eurocode8, NBC, Canada, China, Taiwan, India..etc.
IBC 2012 & 2009 will be available in the new version (2012 June).

 Excitation Angle for considering the major axis of the structure

Various Damping Method
(Model, Mass & Stiffness Proportional, Strain Energy Proportional)
Response Spectrum Function & Cases
Response Spectrum Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
SRSS (Square Root of Sum of the Squares)
CQC (Complete Quadratic Combination)
ABS (Absolute Sum)
Linear (Linear Sum)
Modal Combination Type
Response Spectrum Load Case
Response Spectrum Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Along the Major Mode Direction:
Restore the signs according to the signs (+, -) of the principal
mode for every loading direction.

Along the Absolute Maximum Value:
Restore the signs according to the signs of the absolute
maximum values among all the modal results.

Response Spectrum Load Case
Response Spectrum Analysis
Add Signs (+,-) to the results
Select Mode Shapes
Select modes for modal combination. Using the Select Mode
Shapes option, linearly combine the modes while entering
the Mode Shape Factors directly.
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Response Spectrum Analysis
Calculation of Displacement Demand.
The Displacements Central node of Pier due to Seismic Loads.
Node Load DX (in) DY (in) DZ (in) RX ([rad]) RY ([rad]) RZ ([rad])
636 RS_X(RS) 14.0144 0.000388 0.000847 0 0.051874 0.000001
636 RS_Y(RS) 0.001109 1.37547 0.015209 0.000051 0.00002 0.000105
DX and DY values in blue are obtained as Demands
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Why Pushover Analysis?
a) To verify or revise the over strength ratio values (alpha_u/alpha_1)
b) To estimate the expected plastic mechanisms and the distribution of damage
c) To assess the structural performance of existing or retrofitted buildings
d) As an alternative to the design based on linear-elastic analysis which uses the
behavior factor, q
Pushover Global
Control
Define Lateral
Loads
Define Hinge
Properties
Assign Hinges
Perform
Analysis
Check Pushover
Curve and
Target Disp.
Check Hinge
Status
Process in midas Civil
alpha_u
alpha_1
Pushover Analysis Overview
Pushover Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Acceptance Criteria
Immediate Occupancy(IO)
Life Safety(LS)
Collapse Prevention (CP)
Pushover Analysis as per FEMA
Pushover Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Pushover Global Control
Pushover Analysis
• Initial Load: Enter the initial load
(in general, the gravity loads) for
pushover analysis.

• Convergence Criteria: Specify the
maximum number of (iterations)
sub-iterations and a tolerance
limit for convergence criterion.

• Stiffness Reduction Ratio: Specify
stiffness reduction ratios after the
1st and 2nd yielding points (1st
yielding for bilinear curve, 1st and
2nd yielding for trilinear curve)
relative to the elastic stiffness.

• Reference location for distributed
hinges: Specify the reference
location for calculating yield
strength of beam elements which
distributed hinge is assigned.
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Load
Pushover Analysis
Pushover Load Cases
• FEMA 273, Eurocode 8, Multi-linear, Masonry & User-defined hinge type
• Displacement control & Force control
• Truss, Beam, Wall element & Spring
• Performance point & Target displacement
• Checking for acceptable performance (Drift limits & deformation/strength capacity)
Load Pattern

(1) Static Load
(2) Mode Shape
(3) Uniform Acceleration
(4) Mode Shape * Mass

Member Assignment

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil

Pushover Analysis
Pushover Analysis
Element Type
Beam, Column
Truss
General Link (Isolators)

Definition
 Moment-Rotation
 Moment-Curvature

Hinge Properties
 FEMA
 Bi-linear type
 Tri-linear type
 Eurocode8
 Axial force-moment interaction
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Pushover Curve
Pushover Analysis
Capacity Curve (MDOF)
Base Share vs Displacement
Shear Coefficient vs Displacement
Shear Coefficient vs Draft
Load Factor vs Displacement

Capacity Curve (SDOF)
Performance Point (FEMA)

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Load Direction Demand (in) Capacity (in) Ratio
RS_X(RS) DX 14.014 3.2 4.38
RS_Y(RS) DY 1.375 1.2 1.15
Demand/Capacity Ratio
Result from Response Spectrum Analysis and Pushover Analysis

Capacity
Pushover Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Time History Analysis Overview

Time History Analysis
Enter Mass Data
Define Eigen value
Analysis Control
Enter Inelastic Hinges
or General Links
Time Forcing Function
Time History Load
Cases
(optional)Time
Varying Static Load
-Dynamic Nodal Load
-Ground Acceleration
-Multiple Support
Excitation
Perform Analysis Verify Analysis Results
Process in midas Civil
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Boundary Nonlinear Time History Analysis.

The nonlinearity of the structure is modeled through General Link
of Force Type, and the remainder of the structure is modeled
linear elastically. Boundary nonlinear time history analysis is
analyzed by converting the member forces of the nonlinear system
into loads acting in the linear system. Because a linear system is
analyzed through modal superposition, this approach has an
advantage of fast analysis speed compared to the method of direct
integration, which solves equilibrium equations for the entire
structure at every time step.

Inelastic Time History Analysis.

Inelastic time history analysis is dynamic analysis, which considers
material nonlinearity of a structure. Considering the efficiency of
the analysis, nonlinear elements are used to represent important
parts of the structure, and the remainder is assumed to behave
elastically.
Types of Time History Analysis

Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Transient
Time history analysis is carried out on the basis of loading a
time load function only once. This is a common type for time
history analysis of earthquake loads.

Periodic
Time history analysis on the basis of repeatedly loading a
time load function, which has a period identical to End Time.
This type is applicable for machine vibration loads.
Select a time history analysis condition previously defined,
which precedes the time history analysis condition
currently being defined. The Analysis Type and Analysis
Method for the current time history analysis condition must
be consistent with those for the preceding load condition
Time History Type
Order in Sequence Loading
Time History Load Case
Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Time Function

Time Forcing Function
Time History Analysis
Sinusoidal Function
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Ground Acceleration & Dynamic Nodal Load
Time History Analysis
Assign time forcing function to specific nodes.
Dynamic Nodal Load
Enter the time forcing function by means of ground acceleration.
Ground Acceleration
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Define a dynamic load case by multiplying static load cases already entered by time
functions, which should be defined as a Normal type in the "Time Forcing
Functions". This function is used to reflect the effect of the self-weight in the time
history analysis due to seismic loads.
Time Varying Static Load
Time History Analysis
Define self weight as a static load
Define time forcing function for self weigh
Make a link between the static load case, time history load case, and time
forcing function in Time Varying Static Load
Select the pre-defined time history load case as an “Sequential Loading” in
Time History Load Case
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Base Isolators and Dampers
Objectives of Seismic Isolation Systems
Enhance performance of structures at all hazard levels by:
 Minimizing interruption of use of facility
 Reducing damaging deformations in structural and nonstructural
components
 Reducing acceleration response to minimize contents related
damage
Characteristics of Well-Designed Seismic Isolation Systems
 Flexibility to increase period of vibration and thus reduce force
response
 Energy dissipation to control the isolation system displacement
 Rigidity under low load levels such as wind and minor earthquakes
Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil Time History Analysis
Base Isolators:
Lead Rubber Bearing Isolator
Friction Pendulum System Isolator

Applicable Base Isolators in midas Civil
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
[Viscoelastic Damper] [Hysteretic System Damper]
Applicable Dampers in midas Civil
Visco Elastic Damper
Hysteretic System Damper
Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Analysis Results (Graph & Text output)
[Hysteretic Graph of Visco elastic Damper]
[Time History Graph at pier top (Time Domain & Frequent Domain]
[Time History Text Output]
[Text Output of Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration]
Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Inelastic Time History Analysis
Time History Analysis
Hysteresis Curve (Rz-Mz) [Ductility Factor] [Status of Yielding]
Inelastic Hinge
Ground Acceleration
Inelastic Time History Analysis of Extradosed Bridge
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Arrival time : t = 0 sec
Arrival time, : t = 2 seconds
Ground Acceleration
Multiple Support Excitation
Time History Analysis
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General Spring Support with 6x6 Coupled Matrix for Damping and Mass
Time History Analysis
Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Midas Civil
Time History Analysis
Multi-Linear Kinematic and Takeda Hinge Model
Takeda Hinge Model
Kinematic Hinge Model
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