3 views

Uploaded by Siva Bhaskar

thermodynamics

- Can Order Come Out of Chaos_ _ the Institute for Creation Research
- Impact of Jet on Vanes
- Complexity Theory - by John Cleveland
- PRO II Tutorial Good
- Multiuser Detection and Statistical Physics
- Syllabus
- Chemistry-Ch08 Chemical Thermodynamic
- genchem
- Fluid and hydraulic height
- Second Law Analysis of Petroleum Reservoirs
- Ch1-Lecture-1.ppt
- Aero Engineering Thermodynamics.pdf
- 61776569 Thermodynamics
- Engg Thermodynamics
- Thermodynamics
- Krautzberger Dok 208 En
- ME403_F07
- gt_fuel_nozzle_refurbishment.pdf
- Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis (4)
- L21(6.1)

You are on page 1of 4

Kannan Iyer Kiyer@me.iitb.ac.in Identified that Open Systems are of engineering importance Derived the Conservation of Mass Understood the concept of flow work Derived the Conservation of Energy Most engineering devices have one inlet and one exit and operate in steady mode and the relevant & & & equations are m i = m e = m

2 2 V Ve & & & 0 = Q CV WCV + m ( h i h e ) + i + g(z i z e ) 2 Today, we shall look at the various engineering devices, make relevant assumptions and apply the First law of thermodynamics (Energy Equation)

Common Approximations

In applications like rocket motors, steam ejectors, there is a need to accelerate a fluid to very high velocity At times, a high velocity fluid has to be decelerated to lower velocity A device that accelerates fluid velocity is called a nozzle and that which reduces velocity is called a diffuser Everyday experience of watering the garden suggests that the area has to be decreased to increase velocity. However, in Fluid Mechanics, you will learn that at supersonic conditions it is just the opposite

Velocity and temperature are uniform at the inlet and exit. At each location equilibrium property relations apply Heat transfer is assumed zero for cases, when Control surface is insulated Exposed area is small T between system and surroundings small No work transfer, if No rotating shafts No movement of system boundaries

Subsonic Nozzle Superonic Nozzle

No moving shaft

2 2 V Ve & & & 0 = Q CV WCV + m ( h i h e ) + i + g(z i z e ) 2

2

V Vi (h i h e ) = e 2

Ve = 2(h i h e )

In many application, work is supplied to increase the fluid pressure The most common ones are Compressor (Gas, High p, but low flow) Blower (Gas, High Flow, but low p) Pump (Liquid, all p) Change in KE negligible

2 2 V Ve & & & 0 = Q CV WCV + m (h i h e ) + i + g(z i z e ) 2

There are many heat transfer devices The most common ones are Boiler (To produce steam) Condenser (To condense steam) Heat Exchanger (To heat/cool fluids) The construction varies from device to device, but they can be idealized as two concentric tubes

Negligible

First Law can be simplified for any one tube as

Change in KE negligible

2 2 V Ve & & & 0 = Q CV WCV + m (h i h e ) + i + g(z i z e ) 2

If we combine both the tubes together in our control volume, it becomes multiple inlet

No shaft

& & = m1 ( h e1 h i1 ) = m 2 ( h i 2 h e 2 )

In many application the pressure of a flowing fluid is to be reduced to control the flow. These are called Valves

A convergent divergent device operating at low velocities is called a venturimeter and is used to measure flow Prior to showing the basis, let us get back the so called Bernoullis equation from First law

2 2 V Ve & & & 0 = Q CV WCV + m (h i h e ) + i + g(z i z e ) 2 2 2 Ve Vi hi + + gz i = h e + + gz e 2 2 2 2 p V p V u i + i + i + gz i = u e + e + e + gz e i 2 e 2

Negligible

If the velocities are low, then in such cases flow can be approximated to be isothermal

Now we can deduce the expression for flow in terms of measured pressures at 1 and 2 2 2 p V p V 1 + 1 + gz1 = 2 + 2 + gz 2 2 2 A2 2 1 2 2 2 p p 2 V2 V1 A1 2 = = V2 1 2 2

ui +

p V p i Vi + + gz i = u e + e + e + gz e i 2 e 2

Further, when velocities are low, even a gas flow can be considered incompressible

p V p i Vi + + gz i = e + e + gz e 2 2

Thus, the final expression for Velocity at 2 is

V2 =

2(p1 p 2 )

A2 1 2 2 A1

The volumetric flow rate or mass flow rate can now be obtained easily by multiplying by area or the product of area and density

- Can Order Come Out of Chaos_ _ the Institute for Creation ResearchUploaded bysri kalyan
- Impact of Jet on VanesUploaded byVrushiket Patil
- Complexity Theory - by John ClevelandUploaded byHamilton Reporter
- PRO II Tutorial GoodUploaded byPetrol Solly
- Multiuser Detection and Statistical PhysicsUploaded byAna Cristina Hernández Gómez
- SyllabusUploaded byNicole Mcdonald
- Chemistry-Ch08 Chemical ThermodynamicUploaded byutp
- genchemUploaded byAman Gupta
- Fluid and hydraulic heightUploaded byRiasat Azim Hridoy
- Second Law Analysis of Petroleum ReservoirsUploaded byKen Adams
- Ch1-Lecture-1.pptUploaded byWolf Moon
- Aero Engineering Thermodynamics.pdfUploaded bySridharan
- 61776569 ThermodynamicsUploaded bykishorkumarn8212
- Engg ThermodynamicsUploaded byAnonymous aV0PvmCRd
- ThermodynamicsUploaded byShahid Masood
- Krautzberger Dok 208 EnUploaded byMurilo Peres De Moraes
- ME403_F07Uploaded byRAj Dev
- gt_fuel_nozzle_refurbishment.pdfUploaded byJJ
- Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis (4)Uploaded byIbrahim Ali
- L21(6.1)Uploaded bysaeed522002
- Puresub 2_1Uploaded byAddison Juttie
- 10.1.1.210.3345 m.a. vfghUploaded byAhmad Ramadhana
- Hydromechanical Fuel ControlUploaded bym21m29
- HASIL TRANSLATE-Pengaruh Nozzle Terhadap Kinerja Kolom Gelembung Pancaran (T)Uploaded byNanang Andreansyah
- Key DefinitionsUploaded bythamizhkarasu
- Aerodynamics IIUploaded bynandhinidish
- GATE SYLLABUSUploaded byDpk Nair
- drum dataUploaded byAnonymous XV9LfaMm
- 1Uploaded byapi-386303659
- AJMUploaded bybalasrnvsn

- Sandwich StructuresUploaded byrs0004
- Preparation and characterization of three-dimensional braided.pdfUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- The Static Analysis of Composite Aircraft Wing BoxUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Numerical Analysis of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Aircraft WinUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- 1-s2.0-001122759590896N-mainUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- cutting tool materialsUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Low Velocity Impact Analysis OfUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Www.utwente.nl Ctw Opm Research Pt Output 2000 Files TexComp5 FabDisPaperUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- WovenUploaded byramachadra122
- PH31DUploaded byraskwadwo
- Effect of Fiber Orientation on Stress Concentration Factor in a Laminate With Central Circular Hole Under Transverse Static LoadingUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Compression, Flexure and Shear Properties of a Sandwich CompositeUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Experimental Characterization and Numerical SimulationsUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- The Mechanical Performance of 3D Woven Sandwich CompositesUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- A Variational Asymptotic MicromechanicsUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Manufacturing Materials ColouredUploaded byramu reddy
- 3 Introduction to Engineering DrawingUploaded byinboxsweets
- Advanced Decohesion Elements for the Simulation of Composite DelaminationUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Verney Yachts is Catching the Wind with CAEUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Virtual Testing of a Composite Cylindrical Lattice StructureUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- composite deign using abaqusUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- composite deign using abaqusUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- composite deign using abaqusUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- Design Calculation of ShearUploaded byArni Mae Candare Paninsuro
- explosiveUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- exformingUploaded bySiva Bhaskar
- cutting toolUploaded bySiva Bhaskar

- Fatigue Assessment of Concrete Foundations for WTGUploaded byraahul_n
- A2_StrainGages_2003Uploaded byFlexi Soufiane
- Rotational Kinematics and DynamicsUploaded byIrham Ramadhani
- Week-4_Properties and BehaviourUploaded byEncik Maa
- 1-s2.0-S0021999108003343-mainUploaded byCao Xuan Canh
- 19930082444.pdfUploaded bymanuelq9
- Multiple Choice 3 Circular MotionUploaded byRazi's Darkz
- 02-05ChapGere.pdfUploaded byxolar2002
- Constrained Motion Question Bank-02Uploaded byMOHAMMED ASIF
- Monorail Beam DesignUploaded byAnand.5
- 19930013915 Buckling NasaUploaded byPierluigi Romano
- Etabs Flowchart v.9Uploaded byRichard Fernandez
- Exercise 1Uploaded byMadhu Garg
- Curved Beam Analysis With Energy MethodsUploaded byJohn Alexiou
- Structural Design and AnalysisUploaded byAmado Nawen Pongtan
- Handout 14 13Uploaded byanna_318857983
- IB Physics Core DefinitionsUploaded byanonluke
- Designing a New Fruit Cabinet DryerUploaded byManuel Antonio Fernández Espinoza
- rotor_momentum_analysis.pdfUploaded byEagle1968
- Main Press Plate-SimulationXpress Study-1Uploaded byUgiezRagiel
- unit 1Uploaded bysimalaravi
- 3.0 Trusses and FrictionUploaded bywengsung
- Experimental Analysis of Flow Regimes and Pressure Drop Reduction in Oil–Water MixturesUploaded byEnivaldo Barbosa
- art%3A10.1007%2Fs40069-012-0001-4.pdfUploaded bycdestudos
- Heat Xfer ResearchUploaded byehabhijazeen
- r05312104 Aerospace Vehicle Structures iUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Lab02 Pressure Worksheet(1)Uploaded byFawadAkhtar
- LRFD Compression Member DesignUploaded byMochammad Shokeh
- Homework #10 (Phy 112) SolutionsUploaded byKvn4N6
- 09_U3Lab1_GravForceMassRL.docUploaded byparth