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UNIFORM AND DRESS
OF THE UNITED STATES.
FROM THE ORIGINAL TEXT AND DRAWINGS IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE,
VDJUTANT GENERAL'S 0FFU
Washington, July 29, 1872.
described, having been approved
by the President of the
United States, and adopted,
concerned, and will, from
of the United Stati
the 1st day of December, 1872, constitute the uniform of the
of the Secretary of
UNIFORM AND DRESS
officer or soldier of
OF THE UNITED STATES.
UNDRE86 FOB OFFICERS.
UNIFORM, DRESS, EQUIPMENTS,
wear any other than
For fatigues, marches, squad and company
the prescribed uniform,
authorized by the
drills, and other drills mid far ordinary wear:
dark bine cloth
breasted, with live buttons
worn on the dress
coat; with black braid, one-fourth of an inch wide, extending from
and bnttOn-hole hack
" herring-bone" loops.
DRESS FOR OFFH
extend from one-third to two-third- the distance from
the hip joint to the bend Of the knee, and to be slashed at the hip on
All offiesrs shall wear
b, the skirt to
double-breasted frock coal of dark bine
knot of black braid, one-fourth of an inch wide, on the
extend from one-half to three-fourths the distance
upper part of the
according to pattern.
shoulder-straps will 'always
from the hip joint
the Wend of the knee.
be worn with
For a G neral : Two rows of buttons on the l*n row; placed by fours; the distance between each row
binding, one half of an inch wide, around edgi
pattern above described, but without braid.
top and three and one-hall' inches at bottom
collar, not less than
in front at the
one nor more than two inches in height, to hook bottom and slope thence np and backward at an angle
For Chaplain: Plain black frock coat with standing collar one row of nine black buttons on the breast, with "herring-bone" of
braid around the button- and button-holes.
of thirty degrees on each
corners rounded; cuffs three, inches
deep, to go around the sleeves parallel with the lower edge, and with
KOK ENLISTED MEN.
seam pockets in the folds of the the hip and one at the lower end of each with two buttons al naking four buttons on the hack and skirt of the coat;
Infantry: Single-breasted, dark blue basque, according
be of dark blue velvet; lining of the coat black.
pattern deposited in Quartermaster General's Office, piped
For " Lieutena?it General: The same
that there will he ten buttons
blue; collar same height, a-
coat, faced with
each row. on the breast, the up
cloth four inches back on each side, cut square to
hook up close
and lower groups by threes, and the middle groups by
number of regiment
For a Major
General, except that
middle of sky blue facing of collar on each side
skirt of coat
there will be nine buttons
each row, on the breast, placed by threes.
opening behind to be faced with sky blue cloth, ornamented
as per pattern.
a Brigadier General:
as for a General, except that
with four h
strap- of dark blue (doth,
will be eight butt
iach row, on the breast, placed by pairs.
piped with the same
color a- the
and Major : The sam
each side the coat and
General, except that there
cloth the color of the facings
breast, placed at equal d
cuff- of the
shoulder-seam and to bn
lioulder-belts at the collar-seam
a- the coat.
half of the cuffs to be orna-
with one button
mented with three donh
,M brahl running th
piped with white.
pointed at then' upper ends, and with
For Enlisted Men of
the point of each stripe, according to pattern.
Infantry, except that the fac
as for a
wnt, and Addition
white for Engineers, and crimson for
that there will be
For Cavalry and
buttons in each row, on the b
orter in the skirt,
and the facing up
such as reviews,
differently, according to pattern in the
Quartermaster General's Office;
Captains of the
with staff shoulder-Straps to indicate rank.
facings for Cavalry yellow, and for Light Artillery red.
This coat shall be worn on
parade-, guards, and
Coats fur Musicians: Ornamented on the breasl with braid same as the facings, running from the button as now worn, the outer
battalion drills, except in hot weather, or
extremities terminating in " herring-bones" and the braid returning
by the commanding
to the buttons.
DRESS OF THE ARMY
Coats fur Hospital Stewards: facings to be of emerald green.
as for Infantry, except the
For Fnlisted Men of Artillery, Infantry, Engineers, and Ordnance, and all other Fnlisted Men : Jefferson rights and lefts, according to pattern.
Coats for Ordnance Sergeants:
as for enlisted
the dress coat
be worn by mounted men.
be buttoned up and hooked at the collar. For fatigue purposes, for general wear, and on ffeld service : dark bine blouse of navy flannel, according to the pattern deposited
of the General
Blouses for winter wear to be lined.
of Light Artillery and Cavalry
with gold cords and tassels, ami
trimmings, according to pattern.
Forage cap of dark blue (doth, without braid
for all Officers
all other Officers
blue cloth, ornamented with gold
and enlisted men.
braid and trimmings, according to pattern.
For Fnlisted Men of Light Artillery and Cavalry
red for Light Artillery and yellow for Cavalry.
helmet, same pattern as for officers, with cords and tassels of mohair
For General Officers, Officers of the General Staff, ami Staff Corps : Dark blue (doth, plain, without stripe, welt, or eord. For all Regimental Of! cos of Cavalry, Artillery, a mi Infantry: Light blue cloth, same shade of color as prescribed for enlisted
with yellow metal trimming-, as per pattern.
all other Fnlisted
blue cloth, same pattern as for
as facings of
ornamented with mohair braid of the same color
the coat; trimmings of yellow metal, according to pattern.
one and one-half inches wide, welted
edges; color, that of facings of their respective arms, except infantry,
blue (doth, chasseur pattern, with
black velvet band and badge in front.
half inches wide.
blue cloth, with black
one and one-
Of dark blue cloth,
For Chaplains: Plain
badge of corps or regiment in front, top of badge to be even with top of cap, and according to pattern in Quartermaster
For Enlisted Men of
Arms and of
ment : Sky blue mixture, pattern now worn
waistband three and a half
plain blue cloth,
inches wide, to button with two buttons in front; pockets in front,
with badge of corps or
front as for officers.
same pattern as Wnof company of yellow metal
Sergeants to wear
one inch wide, color of facings; and
Corporals to wear a stripe one-half inch wide, color of facings, except Infantry, which will be 'dark blue.
FORAGE CAP BADGES.
to pattern in
gold embroidered wreath on dark blue
ground, encircling the letters U. S.
, Officers of the General Staff and Staff Corps: Same as General Officers, with the exception of those for Ordnance Officers, which will have a gold embroidered shell and flame on dark blue
Hospital Stewards: Emerald green
one inch and one-
All stripes to be of cloth.
One-third of the trowsers of enlisted
to p®sts cut
material of each pair
of trowsers with the buttons, thread, needles, and
For OJ Engineers : A gold embroidered wreath of laurel and palm encircling a silver turretted castle on dark blue (doth ground.
mings, shall be rolled up
a bundle, securely fastened and marked
of Cavalry: Two gold embroidered
the upper angle.
with the size of the trowsers.
edges upward, on dark blue (doth ground, with the number of the
to be re-entbrced.
in silver in
Vd! be a 5th
larger than No. 4.
For Offi '(irs of Artillery : Two gold embroidered cannons, crossed, on dark blue cloth ground, with the number of the regiment in silver
the intersection of the cross-cannon.
of Infantry : A gold embroidered bugle, on dark ground, with the number of the regiment in silver within
not to bo visible at the opening
of the collar.
Neither cravats nor stocks
be worn by enlisted
men when on
tern, to be
and Enlisted Men : Of black t'elt, according to patworn only on fatigue duty and on marches or campaigns.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Officers: Shall be of black leather and
PLOIFS FOR OFFICERS.
For Enlisted 21 en of Cavalry and Light Artillery: Boots,
above the swell of the calf of the leg; shoes, Jefferson rights
according to pattern.
For General-in-Chief : Throe black ostrich feathers. For other General Officers, for Officers of the General
and Staff Corps: Two
black ostrich feathers.
DRESS OF THE ARMY.
For Regimental OJia
and Infantry: Of
inches above the top of the cap. front
undress duty, marches, and campaigns, officers
feathers to reach
the vizor, rear feathers to reach
top of the
cap, withgill ball
be red for Artillery
black leather belt.
Plain black leather.
s of Light Artillery and Cavalry: Horse-hair plume and socket, plume to be loug enough to reach the front edge of the vizor of the helmet: color of the plume to be red for Light Artillery and yellow for Cavalry.
ami Enlisted N<
tangular, two inches
wide, with a raised bright rim; a silver wreath of laurel encircling
PLUMES AND POMPONS FOR ENLISTED MEN.
For Artillery: Red pompon, pattern shape;
and socket of
cloud and rays bright.
star- also o1
plurihus iinuin" upon the
according to pattern.
For Infantry: White pompon, same Bhape and with same
as for Artillery.
Crimson pompon, same
SWORD AND SCABBARD.
General offers: Straight Bword,
For Engineer Troops:
and socket as tor Artillery.
pompon, with white top; same
scabbard, same as
Light Artillery: lied; and for Cavalry, yellow horse-hair
and length as
for officers; socket according to pattern.
of Light Artillery and < 'avalry : Sabre and scabbard as now worn, and according to pattern in Ordnance Department. For Officers of the Pay and Medical Departments : Small sword and scabbard, according to pattern in the Surgeon General's Ollice,
now worn. For all other
as the small, straight
Mounted Officers: Yellow metal or gilt. Mounted Men: Of yellow metal, plain surface.
worn by the officers of the General Staff, and according to Ordnance Department. The sword and sword-belt will be worn upon all occasions except stahle and fatigue.
not on military duty, officers
may wear swords
General Officers, Officers of the General Staff, and Staff Buff or white gauntlets or gloves. For Field Officers of Artillery, Cavalry, and fnfantry ; for ers of Light Artillery and Cavalry : AVhite gauntlets or gloves.
the prescribed sword, with a scabbard,
or of leather with gilt
Gold cord, with acorn end. For all other Officers: Gold lace strap, with gold bullion
All other Officers, white gloves.
he issued as clothing.
General Officers: Buff silk net, with silk bullion fringe end.-; go twice around the waist and to tie behind the left hip, pentie.
dent part not to extend more than eighteen inches below the
General of the Army: Of gold, with solid two silver embroidered .-tars, with five rays each, one and device one-half inches in diameter, and the "Arms of the United Stat
embroidered in gold placed between them. ': Three silver embroidered stars of five For a Lieutenant each, respectively, one and one-half, one and one-quarter, one and
waist-belt, not less than
one and one half nor
one-eighth inches in diameter.
largest placed in the centre of the
wide, with slings of the same material as the
the others, placed longitudinally on the strap and equidistant,
with a hook attached to the belt on which to hang the sword.
belt to he
worn outside the
full dress coat
and underneath the
in order of size from the crescent. For Major General: Same as for Lieutenant General, omitting
smallest star, and the .-mailer of the two remaining stars placed in the
embroidery, as per pattern
Of red Russia leather, with three strip now worn. Field Officers: One broad stripe of gold lace on Mack
the centre of the strap.
Brigadier General: Same as
hut the largest star.
enameled leather, according
of the General Staff, and Staff Coins', below the : Four stripes of gold, interwoven with black silk, lined with black enameled leather, according to pattern. For ('ovqmny Officers of Cavalry, Artillery and Infantry: Four stripes of gold lace, interwoven with silk of the same color as the facings of their arms of service, and lined with black enameled
rank of Field
For Officers "f the Adjutant General's raid Lnspector Genii Departments, and for Aides-de-Camp to General Officers:* Of gold cord, Russian pattern, on dark blue cloth ground; insignia of rank
DRESS OF THE ARM
regiment embroidered on the cloth ground, according to pattern; an aignillette of gold cord to be worn with the right shonlder-knot and permanently attached thereto,
as the border, placed
Letters of corps or designation of
bars of the
the ends of
the strap, at a distance between them and from the border equal to
the width of the border.
•ding to pattern.
above described, with-
corps, omitting the eagle,
Lieutenant: The same as tor a Colonel, according to and introducing at each end one silver em-
out the aignillette.
broidered bar of the same width as the border, placed parallel to the ends of the strap, at a distance from the border equal to its width.
pattern as for the Staff Corps, but on cloth of the
lacings of their arm, with insignia of rank and
as for a Colonel,
corps, omitting the eagle.
embroidered on the cloth ground, according
For an Additional 2d Lieutenant: The same
as for other
as for a
For Regimental Adjutants: Of
officers of their
arm, but with aignillettes attached.
Officers serving in the held
dispense with the prescribed
signia of rank on their horse equipments, and
same color and shape
as those of the enlisted
may wear overcoats men of their com-
RANK ON SHOULDEIt-KNOTS.
the centre of the
mands, and omit epaulettes, shoulder-knots, or other prominent marks likely to attract the fire of sharpshooters; hut all officers must wear
the prescribed buttons, stripes, and shoulder-straps, to indicate their
a Lieutenant Colonel:
embroidered leaves, one
corps and rank.
each end of pad.
shoulder-strap will he worn whenever the epaulette or shouldernot.
For a Major : For a Captain For a 1st I
gold embroidered leaves, one at each end of pad. Two silver embroidered bars at each end of pad.
each end of
of non-commissioned officers will he marked by chevrons
For a -'/ Lieutenant: Plain. Far mi Additional 2d Lieutenant: Same as 2d Lieutenant. The above insignia to be the same as prescribed for the shoulderstraps.
upon both sleeves of the uniform coat and overcoat, above the elbow of cloth of the same color as the facings of the uniform coat, divided
into bars a half inch
wide by black
except for Engi-
will he white stitching
and piped with white, points down,
blue cloth, one and three-
eighths inches wide by four inches long, bordered with an embroidery
one-fourth of an inch wide; two silver embroidered stars of
rays each, and gold embroidered
of the United States''
For a Sergeant Major: Three bars and an are. Fora (Jo/ : Three bars and a tic of three bars. For a Principal Musician : Three bars and a bugle. For an Ordna it: Three bars and a -tar. d : A half chevron of emerald green cloth For n Hospital
as for the
one and three-fourths inches wide, piped with yellow cloth, running
that there will he three silver embroidered stars of five rays, one star
the outer to the inner seam of the sleeve,
on the centre of the -trap, and one on each
the centre and
an angle of about thirty degrees with a horizontal, and in the
outer edge of the strap, the centre star to be the
"cadnceus" two inches
long, the head toward the outer
of the slee
Major Generals: The same
as for the Lieutenant General,
except that there will he two stars instead of three; the centre of
a 1st Sergeant: Three
Battalion or C'o7/ipany Quartermaster Sergeant: Three
each Btar to be one inch from the outer edge of the gold embroidery
bars and a
of one bar.
on the ends of the strap; both
cept that there will
to be equidistant
it: Three bars. For a Corporal : Two bare. For a
bi ftd of two; the centre of the star from the outer edge of the embroidery on the ends
crossed hatchets, of cloth, same color and
material as the facings of the uniform
wed on each
of the strap.
above the elbow,
the place indicated for a chevron (those of a
Major General, and bora
corporal to be just above and resting on the chevron), the head of the
manner with an embroidery of gold;
edge out ward, of the following dimensions, viz:
spread eagle on the centre of the strap, two inches between
the wings, having
and on e-half inches long, one-fourth
the right talon an olive branch, and
an inch wide.
bundle of arrow
of the I'm
Hatchet, two inches long, one inch wide
of the strap as follows
the General Staff
dark bine; Artillery, scarlet
term of enlistment,
below the elbow,
diagonal half chevron, one-half inch wi
ending from .-cam edging on the
seam, the front end nearest
leaf extending seven-eighths of an
half inch above the point of the cuff, to he of the -anie color a- the
for a Colonel, accordin
half chevron, above ami parallel to
idueing a gold embroidered lea!
every subsequent term of enlistment and faithful service.
an inch from the end bor<
Distance between each chevron one-fourth of an inch.
he indicated by a white stripe on ea
Colonel, according to corps,
of the chevron for Artillery, and
other corps, the
h end two silver embroidered
one-eighth of an inch wide.
DRESS OF THE ARMY.
General Officers: Of dark bine cloth, closing by means of four frog buttons of black silk and loops of Mack silk cord; curd down the In-cast, and at the throat v a long loop •• a echelle, " without tassel or plate, oh the left side, and a black silk frog button on the
half inch), for
marking equipments, &c,
be furnished by the
right; cord for the loops fifteen
hundredths of an inch
hack, a single piece,
inches, according to the height of the wearer,
up from the bottom from and closing
CUi in a concealed
by of the same
Chief Signal Officer: The same uniform
of the Enlisted
tant General's Department, without the aiguillett
color and material as the coat, rounded at the edges, and to >tand or
of the Signal Service shall he
high; sleeve- loose, of a
single piece and
the bottom, without cuff or
around the front and lower borders, the edges of the pocl
The Cavalry uniform, except that the trimmings and facings be orange instead of yellow, bearing a device on the Bleeve of the coat,
and white, on dark blue cloth;
the edges of the Bleeves, collar, and black
the hack, a
three fourths of an inch square
one-half an inch wide; and around each frog button on the
length of staff three
two and one-quarter inches in diameter, of black silk cord, seven hundredths of an inch in diameter, cape of the same color
breast a knot
the office of the Chief Signal Officer of
This device to We worn by the non-commissioned
and material as the coat, removable
the pleasure of the wearer,
above the chevrons; by privates of the
on both arms; and
to the cuff of the coat sleeve
extend down the leg from six to eight inches below the knee,
be on both sleeves, near the lower
by privates of the second class on the left arm only, position as the chevron of non-commissioned officers.
rding to height.
To indicati rank: There
edge, a knot of
black silk braid, not exceeding one-eiffhth of an
braids, double knot.
inch in width, and
composed of five Forallother Officers: Dark blue
close fitting double-breasted sur-
AM) THE GENERAL
tout coat, with a cape,
tips of the fingers
made to detach from when the arm and hand
the coat and are extended
the skirt the knee
Housing for d'eneral Officers: To he worn over the
of the coat for
sole of the foot
three inches below
dark blue cloth, trimmed with two rows of gold laee, the outer rowone inch and five-eighths wide, the inner row two inches and onefourth
cover the horse's haunches and
have seven buttons on each brcasl of the same
hands, and to hear on each
corner the following ornaments,
a- those on
the uniform coat.
distinctive of rank, to wit
insignia of rank on
as follows, viz:
olonel, five braids, single knot.
For the General of the Army: A -old embroidered spread with two star.- and "Arms of the United States" between tin For Lieutenant General: A gold embroidered spread eagle and
Lieutenant Colonel, four braids, single knot.
Major, three braids, single knot.
Captain, two braids, single knot.
For Major Generals: A
embroidered spread eagle and two
Lieutenant, one braid, single knot.
gold embroidered spread eagli
2d Lieutenant and Additional 2d Lieutenant, without braid.
Military Storekeepers and Chaplains, without braid.
the frontier and campaign, officers
the soldier's over-
coat, with insignia of rank on the sleeve.
nil Officers of the Saddle-cloth for General Staff ;>s : Dark blue cloth, of sufficient length to cover the saddle and
arms: Of sky
depth, with an edging of gold
blue cloth of the patti
me inch wide. For all ot/i
under the saddle and
according to pattern worn with cloth one and
one-half inches wide, color a- follows:
OTHER ARTICLES OF CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENTS.
Infantry, sky blue.
stable-frock: .The same as
For Infantry, Cavalry, and ho
extending well down to tho knee, without sleeve or body lining; to
i'w Cavalry, according to patterns
Blanket: Woolen, gray, with
long, in the centre
Orders No. GO,
Mack, four inches
and a half feet made of wool; the
to be seven
wide, and to weigh
issued to troops in California to he the standard.
of the Profi
f '/' Engineer Soldiers: Of white cotton; one to cover the whole of the body above the waist uent the breast,
the shoulders, and the arms; sleeves loose, to allow free play of the
he the same as
arms, with a narrow wristband buttoning with one button
to fasten at the
they will he permitted to wear the dark blue sack coat prescribed for
neck behind with two buttons, and at the waist behind
with the bnttons of the General Staff to
with buckle and tongue.
and Light Artillery : White cotton overalls, to c
These overalls are
only the waist.
worn at t- and numbers of
DRESS OF THE ARMY.
longer he worn
below the grade of
Brigadier General, or by non-commissioned
Aides-de-Camp and the Military Secretary, who have increased rank-, will wear the aiguillette with the uniform of the General Staff.
Aidcs-de-Cainp to Major ami Brigadier
when not on duty
are permitted to
blue vest, with the small button prescribed for them.
with the uniform of their Regiments and Corps.
"When the trowsers and
in store shall
on duty the preLetter? to he
issued or otherwise disposed
the troops serving
scribed epaulettes or shoulder-knots will
approved by commanding
embroidered on shoulder-knots
with those articles of a lighter texture, but of the same material,
and color as those furnished the other troops of the Army.
Inspector General's Department.
Bureau of Military Justice.
wear the uniforms of
Regiments or Corps.
expense of the Corps, sanctioned by the
.S. cS. Signal
Councils of Administration,
additions of ornaments as they
D. Quartermaster's Department. <S. D. Subsistence Department. i«. D. Medical Department. JJ. D. Pay Department.
distributed to Axsena
sale to officers. after
A reasonable time
be allowed to officers
D. Ordnance Department.
procure swords from
u j j / d sm n r y u s, u j j rr t
llrlmrl '2 .si/a' of pattern. Officers of Cavalry fcLitfhl Artillery.
Helmet V2 size of pattern. Officers ofCavulrv fcl/iehl Artillery
Dress Cup ;m<l Plume FbpOflieers of Foot Artillery; Same lorlnfaiilry with while plume.
size of pattern.
Fop Offteers of Foot Troops.
Forage Cap- %
si Be. ofpattern.
Officers except General Officers. EbrOeneral Officers, Parage Cap of the same pattern, l)iil with velvet biuul.
all except General Officers. (iitimtl OiiuT/shm-c ti hint I, rt/rc/ ha/ufj
a r-rui: | n ttzd iyrxrz b
worn by Officers ofthe Adjutan Generals & Inspector General's Departments uihIIiy
Showing Aitsiillcllo worn by Officers of the Adjutant Generals & Inspector General's Departments and by
Aides de- Camp
v. — t
x JJj JJ/UJijVJ fl J"
r JJ £ Uj JJ-r£D SriRlZSA&MY,
Hi acl nal size. Field Officers.
Bell Sliiig". For nil Field Officers.
Belt- actual size.
For all Officers of the General Staff and Staff Corps below Ihe rank of Field OIVhci-.s ;m<I for Company Offierra <>f Cavalry, Artillery & Infantry, Color of silk stripes according to unit.
For all Officer s of the General Staff, and Staff Corps below Ihe rank of Field. Officers,- and lor Company Officers of Cavalry, Artillery & Infantry, Color of stripes same ns in bell
-I hz In
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