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ADBConferenceonPromotingInnovationsinWastewaterManagement

My Town, My RiverRenovationProject MyTown,MyRiver Renovation Project CityofKitakyushusExperienceon WastewaterManagement W M

29 Jan 2013

YasuyukiFukunaga Director,WaterandSewerBureau,CityofKitakyushu

Overview of Kitakyushu
Basic Data Area: Population: 975,000 Ave. Temperature: 16C p Ave. Rainfall: 1,600mm/y GDP: 3.5 trillion yen 488km2
Dokai Bay B Kitakyushu Airport

Kitakyushu is a g ee c ty t at has ta yus u s green city that as overcome severe pollution


1960s Present

Murasakigawa river

P1

Kitakyushus Approach

Various initiatives from residents concerned about the deteriorating environment


Study of surrounding environment Waterfront clean-up campaigns Littering bans, others

The power of citizens stimulated actions from the government and private businesses
(1) Improvements through sewerage construction (2) Procuring and guaranteeing financial resources P i d t i fi i l (3) Removal of barracks and relocation of residents (4) Comprehensive city development plan (5) Public awareness campaigns Etc.
Kitakyushus mayor participated in cleaning
P2

Kitakyushus Technology Options


(1) Adoption of the combined sewer system at the initial stage Ad ti f th bi d t t th i iti l t (2) Decision on optimum planning areas (3) Adoption of small-scale sewerage facilities in rural areas (4) Creation of an energy circulating system (5) Improvement of the combined sewer system as the next step
Main sewerage facilities
Sewage Treatment Plants: 5 Treatment capacity: 621,000m3/day) 621 000m Pumping Stations: 34 Pipes: 4,394km Achieved 99.8% of population connected to the sewerage system (Mar. 2006)
KogasakiSTP
3/ SoneSTP

KitaminatoSTP

HiagariSTP

ShinmachiSTP

P3

Procuring and Guaranteeing Financial Resources


Proper cost-sharing between national g p g government and local residents
Basic project with national government subsidy Project covered by the local budget only Localbonds(65%) Nationalgovernmentsubsidy(26%) Beneficiary users charge Beneficiaryuserscharge(3%) (3%) Transferfromgeneralaccount(6%)

National government subsidy (5/10) Local bonds (9.5/10) Local bonds b d (4.5/10) Beneficiary users charge, etc.
Japanese standard (for pipes)

BillionJPY

350 35 300 30

25 250 20 200 15 150 10 100 550 00 S38 1963

S41 S44 S47 S50 S53 1980 S59 S62 S56 1970

H2 1990 H 5

H8

H 11 H 14 H 17 H 20 2000 2010

Kitakyushus case

P4

Removal of Barracks and Relocation of Residents


[Situation in 1968] ~2,000 people li i i 550 b 2 000 l living in barracks k Untreated wastewater directly fed into river Relocation of residents and removal of barracks considered to be a factor in environmental deterioration
Formation of an organization to devise environmental pollution countermeasures Formation/implementation of an overall plan for removal/relocation Construction of public housing Workplace and land mediation Continuous public meetings with residents in good faith

[Present Situation]
60 50 B O D g/l m 40 30 20 10 0 1964 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 2006 2009
A verage B O D (m g/l K atsuyam a B ri ) dge A verage B O D (m g/l T anga B ri ) dge S ew erage saturati l on evel %

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Fi scal Y ear

P5

S ew erage saturati % e on