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Works Cited Primary Sources "Abbas Milani." Stanford News. U of Stanford, 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://news.stanford.edu/news/2010/april/abbas-milani-qanda-041310.html>.

We used this photograph of Abbas Milani on our Interview Transcripts page. Abrahamian, Ervand. Khomeinism: Essays on the Islamic Republic. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. Print. This book contains many essays by prominent historians regarding the rise of Khomeinism and its impacts on Iran, the Middle East, and the world. It probed many issues such as the communist influence in Iran, rivaling ideologies, and the nature of Iranian Government. This book was very useful in learning about issues discussed on the "Turning Tables: Starting the Revolution" page. Albright, Madeleine K. "American-Iranian Relations." U.S. Department of State. Washington D.C. 17 Mar. 2000. Print. Speech transcript. This transcript of a Madeleine Albright speech came in useful when proving a point that Iran's coup was a major political setback. When Mosaddeq was in power, he advocated progressive policy that the West was not prepared to handle. Since Secretary Albright illustrated this point in no uncertain terms, it was a perfect match for out "Turning Tables: Starting the Revolution" page. Amanpour, Christian, David Burnett, and John Kifner. 44 Days: Iran and the Remaking of the World. Ed. Robert Pledge and Jacques Menasche. N.p.: National Geographic, 2009. Print. This book was a day-by-day photo essay of the 1979 revolution, containing many highquality color and black-and white photographs. Our site will be enhanced by these photos and will provide context on many of our pages.

Ayatollah Khomeini. 1 Feb. 1979. AP/Wide World Photos. ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/1520224?terms=Ayatollah+Khomeini>. This photograph of Ayatollah Khomeini shows him being met my his supporters after his return to Iran. We will use this image on our Timeline, on "The Revolution" page. "Ayatollah Khomeini: quote on laws." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/344789?terms=ayatollah%20khomeini&webSiteCode=SLN_H MOD&returnToPage=%2fSearch%2fDisplay%2f344789%3fterms%3dayatollah+khomei ni&token=40D7D134A435DDAEBEDD315CDC7E7AEF&casError=False>. This database article contained the following quote by Ayatollah Khomeini: "If laws are needed, Islam has established them all. There is no need... after establishing a government, to sit down and draw up laws." We used this quote on the "Thesis" page to emphasize Khomeini's belief in the Islamic Theocracy. "Ayatollah Khomeini: quote on the 1979 Islamic Revolution." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/337091?terms=Ayatollah+Khomeini>. We found this important quote in this ABC-CLIO database article. It explains the struggle of Muslims in the 1979 Revolution and how Islam is the only power that can perfect Iran. We used this quote to explain Khomeini's strong belief in the potential universality of Islam. "Ayatollah Khomeini: speech on the uprising of Khurdad 15 (1979)." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/354614?terms=Ayatollah+Khomeini>. This speech was given

after the suppression of the Khurdad 15 rebellion against Khomeini and the Revolution. It lashed out against the protesting Kurds and praised Islam as a way forward. Ballistic missile on display in front of Khomeini portrait. N.d. AP/World Wide Photos. ABCCLIO World History: The Modern Era. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/1520223?terms=Ayatollah+Khomeini>. We used this image of a missile on display in front of Khomeini's face on our "Events" page. Berehulak, Daniel. Egypt Prepares For Run-Off Presidential Election. 14 June 2012. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_3976754?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=mors i&localizeMetaData=false>. This photograph of graffiti in Cairo depicted the faces of several of Egypt's Presidential candidates, including Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, Amr Mussa, and Ahmed Shafiq. We used this image on our "Rise of Fundamentalism" page. Birdsall, John. The Shah of Iran : 1959. 1959. PA ARCHIVE IMAGES. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/158_2476767?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=shah +of+iran&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of the Shah and the Queen of Iran on the "Events" page of our website. "British Evacuate." Freer Sackler. The Smithsonian's Museums of Asian Art, 2012. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://www.asia.si.edu/research/articles/images/documenting/Figure-4_BritishEvacuate.jpg>. We used this image on a slideshow on the "Coup" page to show the events from the British point of view.

Byrne, Malcolm, ed. "20 Years after the Hostages: Declassified Documents on Iran and the United States." gwu.edu. George Washington University, 5 Nov. 1999. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.gwu.edu/%7Ensarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB21/index.html>. We used these documents from the website and an excellent quote on our "Operation Ajax" page. Chauvel, Patrick. Khomeini's Long Shadow: 30 Years After the Iran Hostage Crisis Read more: http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1878162,00.html#ixzz2KYVKc5Dk. 2009. Sygma. Corbis. Time. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1878162,00.html>. We used these images of Khomeini throughout our website. We used these images on the "Ayatollah Khomeini" page and the thesis page. Clement Atlee (1883-1967) British Labour statesman: Deputy prime minister in wartime cabinet under Churchill (1842-1945): prime minister 1945-1951. Member of Parliamnet for Limehouse. N.d. Universal History Archive. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/300_2283425?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=atlee &localizeMetaData=false>. We used this picture of British Prime Minister Clement Atlee on our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Coughlin, Con. Khoimeini's Ghost. New York: HarperCollins, 2009. Print. This book is a complete autobiography of Ayatollah Khomeini, starting with his childhood and ending with his death. The book continued into how his legacy affects Iran, and a lengthy discussion of the terror groups founded on the ideals of Khomeini's Islamic constitution. Daniel, Clifton. "Red Threat in Iran Held Exaggerated." The New York Times [New York] 25 Jan. 1953: n. pag. ProQuest Historical Newspapers. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.

<http://search.proquest.com/docview/112577742/pageviewPDF/13BD03802894F8FAD0 /2?accountid=84567>. We used this picture of a New York Times article from 1953 on our "Reasons for the Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. It illustrated the U.S. Government's overreaction to the Tudeh in Iran. "Dr Babak Rahimi Former Visiting Fellow." Oxford Internet Institute. U of Oxford, 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/people/?id=192>. We used this image of Babak Rahimi on our interview transcripts page. Eisenhower. July 1942. Fox Photos. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_881287?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=eisenh ower&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this photgraph on our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. "Hamas Holds Rally in Gaza." Britannica ImageQuest. Encyclopdia Britannica, 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_2720531?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=hama s&localizeMetaData=false>. This image was used on our page on Fundamentalism. Hezbollah Procession. 7 May 1998. AP/Wide World Photos. ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/1520221?terms=hezbollah>. Depicting the Hezbollah shouting slogans and marching, this image will go on our page of Islamic Fundamentalism. "In pictures: Iran air crash funerals." BBC News. BBC, 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/4510562.stm>. We used this slideshow of

modern photos in Iran for a photo of the Majlis, Iran's Parliament building. We used this photo on our "Turning Tables: Starting the Revolution" page. Iranian protestors burn U.S. flag during hostage crisis. 5 Nov. 1979. AP/World Wide Photos. ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. Web. 14 Feb. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1675628?terms=hostage+crisis>. We used this image of protestors burning the American flag on our "Events" page. "Iranians show support for Mohammad Mosaddeq." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/1191697?terms=mosaddeq>. We used this image of Iranians holding a poster of Mohammad Mosaddeq on our "Mohammad Mosaddeq" page. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei Releases A Statement On The Persian New Year. 20 Mar. 2012. UPI Photo Collection. Gale Global Issues in Context. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://find.galegroup.com/gic/retrieve.do?sgHitCountType=None&sort=DateDescend&t abID=T007&prodId=GIC&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchId=R4&searchType= BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=7&qrySerId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE %3D%28KE%2CNone%2C12%29ali+khamenei%24&userGroupName=san66643&inPS =true&docId=CT4099959696&contentSet=GREF&>. We used this image of Iran's leader Ayatollah Khamenei on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. "Iran Through the Looking Glass: History, Reform, and Revolution." Choices. Brown University, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.choices.edu/resources/scholars_iran.php>. This superior source provided excellent material for our website. It provided excellent primary source quotes that allowed us to better understand the events and the mood of the Iranian Revolution and the

changes they brought about. It also provided invaluable information about the revolution and that changes that have taken placed that we used to help create our website. Jabbari, Fereshteh. Personal interview. 2013. Our interview with Ms. Jabbari gave us the perspective of an Iranian against the Revolution. She was a Baha'i, and felt that the values of education, equality, and progress were being degraded by the Ayatollah. She helped us gain another valuable perspective. Unfortunately, we were unable to obtain a transcript for this interview because we lost the audio recording to a software glitch. Keystone. Mohammed Mosaddeq. 1952. Hulton Archive Editorial. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_2250216?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=mosa ddeq&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of Mohammed Mosaddeq on our "Mohammed Mosaddeq" page. Khomeini, Ruhollah. Islamic Government: Governance of the Jurist. Trans. Hamid Algar. London: Alhoda UK, 2002. Print. This book by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was written to argue that the government of Iran should be run in accordance with traditional Islamic sharia and instructions how the new government should be ruled. A Lebanese Hezbollah supporter holds a portrait of the movement's chief Hassan Nasrallah during a ceremony commemorating the second assassination anniversary of Hezbollah commander Imad Mughnieh, who was killed in a car bombing in the Syrian capital Damascus two years ago, at Beirut's southern suburb on February 16, 2010. Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah vowed that his militant party would bomb Israel's infrastructure, including its airports and refineries, if the Jewish state attacks Lebanon. 16 Feb. 2010. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

<http://quest.eb.com/images/115_2758207?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=hezb ollah&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of the Hezbollah supporter on "The Rise of Fundamentalism" page. Macdiarmid, Peter. Demonstrators Return To Tahrir Square. 27 May 2011. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_3860881?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=tahrir +square&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of the Egyptian Revolution on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. Major Iranian Oilfield. Map. CIA, 1978. University of Texas. University of Texas, Austin. University of Texas Library. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/iran_major_oilfields78.jpg>. We used this image of Iran's oil fields on our "Reason's for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Masjid Haman.mp3. Freesound.org. N.p., 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.freesound.org>. This sound clip was used on the home page of our website. Milani, Abbas. Personal interview. 2013. Abbas Milani is the Hamid & Christina Moghadam Director of Iranian Studies at Stanford University and a Professor in Division of International, Comparative, and Area Studies. He was a political prisoner during the Revolution but was let out. He was gracious enough to grant us an interview, where he talked on the impact of the Ayatollah and the nature of the Revolution. He made it clear that most people were not demonstrating for theocracy but against the Shah. Mossadegh in New York 1951. 8 Oct. 1951. akg-images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 14 Feb. 2013.

<http://quest.eb.com/images/109_105611?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=mossa degh&localizeMetaData=false>. This photo of Mohammad Mosaddeq in New York City was used on our "Events" page. Mossadeq 1951 Man of Year, from Time 1952. Mohammad Mosaddegh (19 May 1882 - 5 March 1967) Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 to 1953 when he was overthrown in a coup d'etat backed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency. N.d. Universal Images Group. Universal History Archive. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/300_2283657?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=moh ammad+mosaddegh&localizeMetaData=false>. This image will be used on our page discussing the life and impact of Mohammed Mosadeqq. Movie poster for Argo. Mother Jones Magazine. Mother Jones and the Foundation for National Progress, 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.motherjones.com/mixedmedia/2012/10/film-review-argo-ben-affleck-iran-hostage-crisis-cia-plots>. This image was used on our hostage crisis page, showing the CIA's attempts to rescue the hostages without setting Iran off. Oil Drilling In Iran. 1950. Pictorial Parade Archive Photos. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_3917627?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=angl o-iranian+oil+company&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of Iranian oil drillers on our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Parks, Cara. "Once Upon a Time in Tehran." Foreign Policy. FP Group, 15 Feb. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2013.

<http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/02/15/once_upon_a_time_in_tehran>. We used this image on our "Turning Tables: Starting the Revolution" page. Philpott, Hugo. Islamic Protesters call for a religious Jihad agai. 21 Sept. 2001. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_2755937?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=jihad &localizeMetaData=false>. This photograph depicts protestors in London calling for Jihad against George Bush and Tony Blair after these leaders considered war in the Middle East. We used this image on our "Rise of Fundamentalism" page. Platt, Spencer. Activists Protest Yemeni And Syrian Government Violence Against Civilians. 27 May 2011. Photograph. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. We used this image of protestors on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. - - -. Activists Protest Yemeni And Syrian Government Violence Against Civilians. 27 May 2011. Photograph. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. We used this image of protestors on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. - - -. Activists Representing The Mideast And Arab African Countries Demonstrate Outside UN. 20 Sept. 2011. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_3892764?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=arab +spring&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image of protestors on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. Rabinovich, Itamar, and Jehuda Reinharz, eds. Israel in the Middle East: Documents and Readings on Society, Politics, and Foreign Relations, Pre-1948 to the Present. Waltham:

Brandeis University Press, 2007. Print. This book gave information regarding the events of 1979 and there importance in the changing of Iran. Raffi, Mike. Personal interview. 2013. This interview with Mike Raffi who was living in Iran when the Revolution took place gave us a child's view of the Revolution. He recounted everything he remembered from when the Revolution first began to after the Ayatollah took control. He gave us the perspective of a wealthier Iranian and how their lives changed after the Revolution took place. Rahimi, Babak. Personal interview. Jan. 2013. This interview with a professor of Iranian literature at UCSD was an extremely helpful discussion of the after-effects and reasons surrounding the Iranian revolution. Dr. Rahimi made some very interesting points on the nature of turning points, and gave us some new material for us to read. Rauh, Elizabeth. "The Graphics of Revolution and War: Iranian Poster Arts." University of Chicago Library. University of Chicago, 2013. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/webexhibits/iranianposters/>. This website provided us with excellent propaganda posters to use on our website. "Reagan Takes Oath as 40th President; Promises an 'Era of National Renewal' Minutes Later, 52 U.S. Hostages in Iran Fly to Freedom after 444 Day Ordeal." New York Times [New York] 21 Jan. 1981: n. pag. Print. This article gave us an excellent quote to use on our slide on our timeline regarding the release of the hostages. Saeedi, Majid. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Press Conference To Celebrate Re-Election. 14 June 2009. Getty Images. Universal Images Group. Britannica Image Quest. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_2226199?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=Mah

moud+Ahmadinejad&localizeMetaData=false>. We used this image on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. "U.S. General Denies Backing Iran Uprising." Los Angeles Times [Los Angeles] 20 Aug. 1953: n. pag. ProQuest Historical Newspapers. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://search.proquest.com/docview/166461058/13BD038538D5A8B671D/2?accountid =84567>. This article focused on a general's denial of his involvement in the 1953 coup overthrowing Mosadeqq. It will be used on our Operation Ajax page. Wells, Tim. 444 Days: The Hostages Remember. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. Print. This eye opening account of the Iranian Hostage Crisis, written by Tim Wells, uses first person interviews of the American hostages to tell the harrowing story. When analyzing any historical event, one must consider all sides. Most Americans only got the perspective of the American or British media, but Wells weaves in first person accounts of the crisis from the points of view of the hostages. This book provided our team with this unique perspective in order to better understand the hostage crisis.

Secondary Sources Abrahamian, Ervand. "The 1953 Coup in Iran." The 1953 Coup in Iran. Vol. 65. N.p.: S&S Quarterly, Inc., 2001. 182-215. JSTOR. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/40403895?uid=3739560&uid=2129&uid=2&uid =70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101635268953>. We used this book excerpt from JSTOR for a quote said by Dwight D. Eisenhower which reads "Matters came to a head in August when for three days, Mossadeq, backed by the Communist party, seemed to be the irresistible dictator of Iran. One senior diplomat even advised that we should snuggle

up to him... but fortunately, the loyalty of the army and the fear of communism saved the day." This quote represents the U.S. Intelligence point of view during the 1953 coup. Government leaders over exaggerated the threat of communism in the region, and yet most Americans still believed the Tudeh to be a legitimate threat. We used this quote on the "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Adib-Moghaddam, Arshin. Iran in World Politics. New York: Columbia UP, n.d. Print. This book was an insight into domestic and foerign policies of post-revolution Iran. It also assessed the Impact of the Iran-Iraq war page, and the books basic ideals were usewd in writing the Impact page. Athanasiadis, Iason. "After Sunday clashes in Iran, 'Green Movement' supporters take stock." Christian Science Monitor. Christian Science Monitor, 28 Dec. 2009. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2009/1228/After-Sunday-clashes-inIran-Green-Movement-supporters-take-stock>. We used this article disucussing the increasing intensity of anti-regime protests for an image of a young protester on our Iran today page. The articel showed us that there may be parallels between the Iranian revolution and the Green Movement. "Ayatollah Khomeini." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/314864?terms=Ayatollah+Khomeini>. This excellent article gave an overview of Khomeini's life and his influence on the revolution. It provide generals details of his life before the revolution began in Iran. It also explained how Khomeini utilized the revolution to implement a theocracy in Iran.

"Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini." Newsmakers (1989): n. pag. Gale World History In Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/home>. This article provided valuable information on the life of Ayatollah Khomeini. It also provided an overview of Khomeini's actions during the revolution and his role in its success. Bakhash, Shaul, et al. Iran's Revolution. Ed. R. K. Ramazani. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1990. Print. This excellent source gives an in depth look into the days of the revolution. It provides the reasons for the iranians hatred for the Shah and the events that led up to the revolution. It also provided insight on Khomeini's rule in the revolution and his role in the new government afterwards. Bashi, Golbarg. "Feminist Waves in the Iranian Green Tsunami?" PBS. PBS, 29 June 2009. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tehranbureau/2009/06/feminist-waves-in-theiranian-green-tsunami.html>. This article provided in depth and incisive analysis of thew role of women in the Green Movement. We used an image from that site in our section on the Green Movement. The article hypothesized that women needed to be a part of the new regime, should the old one fail, so that equal rights are restored. Bellaigue, Christopher De. "A Crass and Consequential Error." The New York Review of Books. NYREV, n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2012/aug/16/crass-and-consequentialerror/?pagination=false>. This long and complex article was used for two things, a picture for our Mosaddeq page and analysis of the long-term effects of the coup. It noted that had Iran kept Mosaddeq, it would have been an island of stability in the Middle East.

The writer also states that Iran's quest for democracy seems an exercise in futulity, an oft repeated creed. Bobin, Michael P. "The Iranian Revolution: Islamic Fundamentalism Confronts Modern Secularism." History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide. By Meghan Appel O'Meara. Ed. Nancy Matsuzak and Sonia G. Benson. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2001. 132-40. Gale World History in Context. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOv erType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=vie w&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&so urce=&sortBy=&displayGroups=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityT ype=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3410600063&userGroupName=san66643& jsid=adef9b61a45491b93a570fbcc0b05a7c>. This article did not primarily focus on the actual events of the revolution, but instead focused on the precedent for the revolution. It also hypothesized as to the future of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The analysis in the article will be useful for providing historical context in our thesis and on or website. Brinton, Crane. The Anatomy of Revolution. 3rd ed. 1938. New York: Vintage Books, 1965. Print. This book compares the similarity of major revolutions in history, and is considered the seminal work on the currents of revolution. We used this book to parallel the Iranian revolution to other major revolutions. It also proved how Iran is a classic turning point in history. Darity, William A. "Iran-Iraq War." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2008. N. pag. Print. This source provided background information

on Iran and Iraq's troubled relationship. It also gave information on the events that led up to the war and a brief overview of the war. It also explained America's role in the war. Elm, Mostafa. Oil, Power, and Principle: Iran's Oil Nationalization and Its Aftermath. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1992. Print. This book contains valuable information regarding the impact of the nationalization of Iran's oil. It provides specific changes that resulted from the nationalization and was invaluable to our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Fathi, Nazila. "Wipe Israel 'off the map' Iranian says." New York Times 27 Oct. 2005: n. pag. Print. This article regarding Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was used for a quote on our fundamentalism page regarding Islamic views of Israel. "Anybody who recognizes Israel will burn in the fire of the Islamic nation's fury,"..."[Any Islamic leader who] recognizes the Zionist regime means he is acknowledging the surrender and defeat of the Islamic world. Filiu, Jean-Pierre. Best of Enemies: A History of US and Middle East Relations. Illus. David B. Ed. Lizzie Kaye. Paris: Futuropolis, 2011. Print. Though this book was in fact a graphic novel, it managed to convey tremendous detail regarding the 1953 coup d'etat and the complex reasons behind it. Understanding the reasons behind this coup is critical to understanding the anger at the Shah when he was supported by the US. It gave great descriptions of tactics used by the US and was vital to provide context on our "Operation Ajax and Mohammed Mosaddeq" pages. Hill, Charles. "The Year That Changed the World." Hoover Institution. Stanford University, 21 May 2011. Web. 2 Nov. 2012. <http://www.hoover.org/publications/definingideas/article/79921>. This article mainly discussed the rise of Islamist governments and

the decrease of democracy in the Middle East since 1979. It was very helpful, as one of the aims was to prove that 1979 and the Iranian Revolution was a true turning point in the history of international terror. Hillstrom, Laurie Collier, and Julie Carnagie. "Saddam Hussein's Rise to Power." War in the Persian Gulf Reference Library. Detroit: Gale, 2004. N. pag. Print. This article provided me with information on Saddam Hussein's early life and rise to power. Saddam's rise to leadership was driven by violence and betrayal. It also gives information on is rule in the Iran-Iraq War and his rule in starting the Persian Gulf War. Hooglund, Eric. Twenty Years of Islamic Revolution. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 2002. Print. This book gave insights into economic, political, and social aspects of contemporary Iran. The information therein went on our "Revolution" page and our "Iran Today" page. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=8&query=BS +iranian+revolution&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=AC +y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=4&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&acti on=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC3403587131During the Iranian Revolution of 19781979, mass demonstrations rather than a concerted military effort brought the end of the rule of monarch Reza Shah Pahlavi. Here, with posters of the Ayatollah Khomeini (who replaced the shah after the Revolution), the Iranian army shows its solidarity with street protesters. N.d. Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. Gale, Detroit. Gale World History in Context. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=8&qu ery=BS+iranian+revolution&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter =AC+y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=4&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&

action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC3403587131>. We used this image of Iranian soldiers protesting among ordinary citizens on our "Thesis" page. Iran and the West. Prod. Norma Percy. BBC. 7 Feb. 2009. Top Documentary Films. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/iran-and-the-west/>. This documentary was a fascinating look in the the before factors and the after repercussions of the revolution. It discussed each major player and thier roles. Clips of this documentary will be used on our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb and our Operation Ajax" page. "IranIraq War." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. Vol. 4. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2008. Gale World History In Context. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/home>. This article provided our group with information on the Iran-Iraq War. It gave a detailed view into the origins of the war and its outcome. We used this information on our page regarding the Iran-Iraq War. "Islamic Revolution, a turning point in history." Ahlul Bayt News Agency. Ahlul Bayt News Agency, 11 Feb. 2011. Web. 2 Nov. 2012. <http://www.abna.ir/data.asp?lang=3&id=225556>. This site gave us an Iranian perspective on the importance of the Iranian Revolution. "Jihad." Encyclopedia of Religion. Ed. Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. Vol. 7. Detroit: Macmillan Reference, 2005. N. pag. Gale World History in Context. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOv erType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=vie w&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&di splayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityT

ype=&scanId=&documentId=GALE|CX3424501621>. This article was used in providing context on the Fundamentalism page, so readers would understand the concept of jihad. Keddie, Nikki R., and Yann Richard. Modern Iran Roots and Results of Revolution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006. Print. This book looked into the causes of the Iranian Revolution and the changes to Iran that have resulted because of the Revolution. Khalaji, Mehdi. "Who's Really Running Iran's Green Movement." Foreign Policy. FP Group, 4 Nov. 2009. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/11/04/whos_really_running_irans_green_m ovement>. This site gave valuable information on Iran's Green Movement that we used on our "Impact: Iran Today" page. Kinzer, Stephen. All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle Eastern Terror. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons, 2003. Print. This book is an account of the Mosaddeq regime and the coup to topple him. The first part of the book discussed the plots conceived by the British and Americans, and the latter half discusses the impact of this blatant act of imperialism and eurocentric colonialism. It even discusses the repercussions that the anti-American sentiment has today. Lesch, David W. 1979: The Year that Shaped the Modern Middle East. Boulder: Westview Press, 2001. Print. This excellent book looks at all the events in 1979 that helped to shape the modern day Middle East. It contains excellent information on the relevance of the Iranian Revolution. Markus, Andrew. "Little choice for a defiant Israel." theage.com.au. Fairfax Media, 2006. Web. 23 Jan. 2013.

<http://web.archive.org/web/20070311000828/http://www.theage.com.au/text/articles/20 06/07/14/1152637865649.html>. Milani, Abbas. The Myth of the Great Satan. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2010. Print. We read this book to prepare interview questions for Abbas Milani. Milani, Mohsen M. The Making of Iran's Islamic Revolution From Monarchy to Islamic Republic. San Fransico: Westview Press, 1994. Print. This excellent book looks into the causes and consequences of the Iranian Revolution. It provides excellent information that was invaluable to our website. "Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (19191980) ruled as king of Iran from 1941 to 1979. He implemented the 'White Revolution' in 1963, the most important aspect of which was the redistribution of half of the privately owned agricultural land to the peasants who sharecropped it. He ruled as a royal dictator until 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown in a popular revolution led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini." Gale World History in Context. Gale, 2004. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=10&q uery=BS+Shah+Pahlavi&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&mode=view&limiter=A C+y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=7&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&acti on=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&documentId=GALE%7CPC3424687425&>. Moin, Baqer. Khomeini Life of The Ayatollah. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2009. Print. This brilliantly written biography gives insight into the life of Ayatollah Khomeini. Moore, John. "The Evolution of Islamic Terrorism." Frontline. WGBH Educational Foundation, 2012. Web. 2 Nov. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/aboutus/copyright/>. This Frontline article was one of many discussing the rise of terror groups

in the Middle East following the Iranian Revolution. It will be useful on our page discussing middle east terror. Panah, Maryam. The Islamic Republic and the World: Global Dimensions of the Iranian Revolution. Ann Arbor: Pluto Press, n.d. Print. This book provides an in depth look at that changes that have occurred due to the Iranian Revolution. Reiland, Ralph R. "Washington's wise advice." Pittsburgh Tribune. Trib Total Media, Inc., 30 July 2007. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://triblive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/opinion/columnists/reiland/s_519545.html#axzz2Iw LF11E2>. This opinion column from the Pittsburgh Tribune provided primary source quotes and secondary source information regarding the 1953 Coup in Iran. We used this information on our "Reasons for Iran's Coup: A Ticking Time Bomb" page. Rubin, Michael. "Think Khomeini When Brotherhood Talks." Commentary 29 Aug. 2012: n. pag. Commentary. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://www.commentarymagazine.com>. This article from Commentary magazine presented a number of quotes from Ayatollah Khomeini and a connection between the Iranian Revolution and the Arab Spring. We used these quotes on numerous pages across our site, and will use the points in the Connection section in our conclusion. Sahimi, Muhammad. "Martyrs of the Green Movement." PBS. PBS, 19 June 2010. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tehranbureau/2010/06/martyrs-of-thegreen-movement.html>. This webpage from PBS Frontline listed the "martyrs" of the Green Movement. We used the webpage for a picture of a Green Movement protester on our "Impact: Iran Today" page.

Saikal, Amin. The Rise and Fall of the Shah. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980. Print. This excellent book looks into Reza Shah Pahlavi's rule of Iran and the reasons why he was overthrown. Satrapi, Marjane. The Complete Persepolis. Illus. Marjane Satrapi. N.p.: Pantheon, 2004. Print. Persepolis. This book was also a graphic novel, providing a firsthand account of the Iranian Revolution from the viewpoint of a young woman. It provided explicit descriptions of the cruelty of the Iranian regime, not only the SAVAK but the Ayatollah's guards. We will use Persepolis to provide context and the viewpoint of Iranians on many pages in our site. "Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi." ABC-CLIO World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/>. This database article gave biographical information of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and details on his rule of Iran. "Shah of Persia." Britannica Image Quest. Britannica, 2013. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://quest.eb.com/images/115_865686?subjectId=0&collectionId=0&keyword=anglo +iranian&localizeMetaData=false>. Showing Shah Reza Phalvi addressing the senate regarding oil, this image went on our Turning Tables: Starting the Revolution page. "Timeline: A Modern History of Iran." PBS. PBS, 11 Feb. 2010. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/middle_east/jan-june10/timeline.html>. This webpage gave a brief timeline of events during the Iranian Revolution. It gave descriptions of important events before, during, and after the Revolution. "Tudeh Party." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Ed. Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 4. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. N. pag. Gale World History

in Context. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOv erType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=vie w&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&so urce=&sortBy=&displayGroups=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityT ype=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3424602727>. This Gale Database article gave vital information on the history of the Tudeh Party, Iran's main Communist Party. It is essential for our team to understand the history of the most organized political party in Iran because the group came into play during both the Coup of 1953 and the Revolution of 1979. The Party influenced international opinion on Iran and influenced policy decisions within the country. We used this information on Reasons for the Coup, Reasons for the Revolution, and throughout many pages on our website. Vlatko. "Declassified: Ayatollah Khomeini." Top Documentary Films. Ed. Vlatko. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/>. This excellent site provided our group with details on the life of Khomeini and his role during the revolution. It gave us valuable information on Khomeini's arrest and how it sparked protests throughout Iran. Zahrani, Mostafa T. "The coup that changed the Middle East: Mossadeq v. the CIA in retrospect." World Policy Journal. Detroit: Gale, 2002. N. pag. Gale World History in Context. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/AcademicJournalsDetailsPage/AcademicJournalsDetail sWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModu les=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Journals&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighligh ting=false&source=&sortBy=&displayGroups=&search_within_results=&action=e&catI

d=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CA90534864>. The database article, entitled "The coup that changed the Middle East: Mossadeq v. the CIA in retrospect" gave insight into the historical context and impact of the 1953 coup. It explained the Communist threat and inside information the CIA had going into Operation Ajax. The article also provided the perspectives of the British, American, and Iranian governments. The aftermath of the coup was also explained, up to the 1979 Revolution, Iran-Iraq War, and the Soviet War in Afghanistan. We used this information on the "Reasons for the Coup" and "Operation Ajax" pages.