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WASTEWATER SECTOR AND S S C O WASTEWATER SYSTEMS IN SRI LANKA

Eng. D.P.M. Chandana NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD Sri Lanka 30th January 2013

PRESENT STATUS OF SEWERAGE SYSTEMS


SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS NO. OF TREATMENT PLANTS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Colombo City Biyagama Export Processing Zone (BEPZ) Katunayaka EPZ y Seethawaka EPZ Kataragama Hikkaduwa Mattegoda, Kottawa Soyzapura, Moratuwa S M Digana Village Boossa Prison Camp Thellippalai Hospital Raddolugama g Hantana, Kandy Koggala EPZ Mirigama EPZ Matara Hospital Hambantota H H b Hospital i l Point Pedro Hospital Dental Faculty Hospital, Peradeniya Sirimavo Bandaranayake y Hospital for Children Peradeniya Teaching Hospital

Course Screen, fine screen, grit removal and sea outfall Extended aeration (oxidation ditch), Aerated Lagoon with solid recycle type followed by polishing ponds Mechanically Aerated Lagoon y g Oxidation Ditch Facultative type waste stabilization ponds Facultative ponds and polishing ponds Waste Stabilization Ponds Trickling Fil T i kli Filters Waste Stabilization Ponds Oxidation Ditch Conventional Activated Sludge with Digester Activated Sludge g Trickling Filters Activated Sludge (Package Plant), Proposed Oxidation Ditch Activated Sludge (Package Plant) Oxidation Ditch Oxidation Di h O id i Ditch Conventional Activated Sludge with Digester Activated Sludge (Package Plant) Rotating Biological Contactors Conventional Activated Sludge with Digester

2 sea outfalls 03 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 22

TOTAL NUMBER OF MAJOR SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS

MAJOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN SRI LANK

1. Biyagama Export Processing Zone Wastewater Treatment Plant - Biyagama 2. Koggala Export Processing Zone Wastewater Treatment Plant Koggala 3. Seethawaka Export Processing Zone Wastewater Treatment Plant 4. AwissawellaSewerage Treatment Plant Hikkaduwa Hikkaduwa 5. Soyzapura Housing Scheme Sewerage Treatment Plant Moratuwa 6. Mattegoda Housing Scheme g g Sewerage Treatment Plant 7. Raddolugama Housing Scheme Sewerage Treatment Plant T Pl 8. Katunayake Export Processing Zone Wastewater Treatment Plant
GAMPAHA DISTRICT

Katunayake EPZ

COLOMB O DISTRICT

Biyagama EPZ

Soyzapura STP Mattegoda STP Hikkaduwa STP Koggala EPZ

Seethawaka EPZ

GALLE

MajorProjects

OngoingMajorProjects(Mobilized) O i M j P j t (M bili d)
Ja Ela/Ekala Ratmalan/Moratuwa WastewaterDisposalProject KandyCityWastewaterManagementProject y y g j GPOBA GreaterColomboWastewaterManagementProject(Deh/MtLa&Kol) JaffnaMunicipalitySewerageProject ColomboSewerageRehabilitationProject SouthernCatchment:

(Completed) G t C l GreaterColomboWastewaterManagementProject(ManagedbyCMC) b W t t M tP j t(M db CMC)

ProjectsinBiddingStage
Jayawardana Pura/Kotte WastewaterDisposalProject Hambantota WastewaterDisposalProject Kataragama WastewaterDisposalProject ata aga a aste ate sposa oject Kurunegala Water&WastewaterProject ImprovementtoWWDisposalSystemofCancerHospital

Global Partnership On Outputbased Aid Project (GPOBAPROJECT)


The project will benefit 15,407 poor households (77, 000 people) who currently rely on unsatisfactory pit latrines, nun functioning septic tanks or have no sanitary facilities at all.

ProjectArea

Total numberof Output1:Sewerconnections Output2: outputs Onsite perproject Output1d: sanitation Output1a:Direct Output1b: Output1c:Connectionsto area connections Connections simplifiedsewerextensions Connectionsto improve to new ments conventiona decentralised lsewer networks Output1a1: Output1a2: Output1c1: Output1c1: extensions Connectionsto Connections Fullcost Costwithin simplified tosimplified Build premises sewer sewer extensions extensions withpumping 275 350 275 375 200 725 750 80 70 86 70 86 392 200 500 500 300 650 2150 2100 300 1100 3500 300 7300 560 100 550 480 100 1790 500 100 800 800 100 2300 3715 1420 3311 5525 1436 15407
5

Expectednumberofoutputs

Ratmalana Dehiwala Moratuwa Kolonnawa Jaela/Ekala Numberofoutputs

BADOWITA Simplified Extension with Pumping


Detailed Designs, BOQ & Tender Document is in progress Tendering April 2013

Project Details
Total Connections 1400 Network Length 5 km Pumping Stations 3 nos p g

Simplified Sewerage Designs


This is off-site sanitation technology that removes all wastewater from household gy environment. Its same as conventional sewerage, but deferent in Construction (Layout and shallow depth) and Designs (Changed the hydraulic design basis from minimum self cleansing velocity to minimum tractive tension)

Construction aspects when planning Badowita Decentralized WWS


Layout

: Consider as in-block system key feature is sewers routed in private land through either back or front yards yards. Shallow depths and small access chambers

Design Considerations

With past experiences we are not allow 100 mm dia sewers experiences, Comply minimum 60 l/p/d and reliable water supply Plot size is 2-4 perch, therefore on site is not a option Very high population density Existing pumping station which is constructed under the Moratuwa / Ratmalana project is available very closely Since separate system and expecting low grit and other suspended solids leads low silting and expecting good quality construction, construction average minimum tractive tension value is assumed. Minimum diameter taken as 150 mm

Difficulties faced when Planning and Designing


Some households refused to lay others sewers in front yard Some back yard has no space to lay the sewer Length limitation due to sewer cleaning vehicles accessibility

Remedial Measures taken; Sewer routing was re arranged.. Lane sewers no need much cover since access ways that are too narrow y to allow heavy traffic

Payment Sewers laid underneath payments to avoid heavy traffic Plot line Sewers the sewer is laid at shallow depth close to the front boundary of plots Conducted C d t d awareness program about th i b t the importance of th system t f the t Will include a clause in the connection agreement, that the NWSDB has a authority to inspect / repair backyard or front yard sewer

Our Past Experiences on Simplified Sewers


Soysapura Simplified Sewer System
No. of sewerage connections No. of Manholes Length of sewers No. of Pump houses No. of Pumps Pipe material Size of pipe 2250 nos. 675 nos. 6300m 02 nos. 12 nos. Cast Iron and PVC 100 - 200mm dia

Present Situation

Sewers not cleaning frequently and frequent overflowing Solid waste dump to the system Upstream/ upstairs people not concern No proper mechanism for collection money for rehabilitation/ cleaning Brick manholes blocked and collapsed p Rainwater entered to the system through damaged pipe and manholes which will create more troubles

Conclusions..

Establishment and maintain of Condominium Management Authorities, specially if within the premises maintain by them Should Maintain Construction Quality and quality of materials Proper A P Agreement should sign t access b k yards f t h ld i to back d for cleaning and maintenance Awareness campaign should arrange about system operation and maintenance Sewer doesnt know whether they design Conventional or Simplified