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Name _______________________________________

F = ma Fd = W KE = 1/2MV2 PE = mgh g= 10 m/s2 W=KE+PE


Short answer/essay - SHOW YOU WORK! ! ! 27.! How much Potential Energy is gained by to lifting 50 kg a distance of 6 m? (5 points)

28.! How much work is done to lift a 50 kg object a distance of 6 m? Why, prove with one of the equations above (5 points)

29.! A rock (m = 250 kg) is located 50 m above the ground, how much PE does it have? (5 points)

30.! The same rock has fallen to the ground, What is the rocks kinetic energy just before it hits the ground? (5 points)

Name _______________________________________ 40.! What causes centrifugal force? Explain(5 points)

41. If you lose your grip on a rapidly spinning merry go round and fall off, in which direction will you fall, A, B or C? Explain (5 points) ! ! ! !

Name _______________________________________

75.Draw a sine curve with three complete wavelengths. Indicate the undisturbed position, amplitude, wavelength, crest and trough. (10 points)

Equations
Frequency = f = cycles/time Period = T = time/cycle
Speed = wavelength x frequency = distance/time

76.Find the frequency of vibration of a wire that moves back and forth 15 times during 3 seconds. (5 points)

77. Find the speed of a wave with a frequency of 100 Hz and a wavelength of 2.5 m (5 points)

78. A wave vibrates up and down three times a second and travels a distance of 120 m in three seconds. What is the frequency and speed of the wave? (10 points)

Name _______________________________________ 79.Circle yes or no (1 point each) a.Can all waves exhibit diffraction? b.Can all waves exhibit interference? c.Can all waves exhibit doppler effect? d.Explain your answers (2 points) yes yes yes no no no

HINT - Equations will work to answer the next two questions 80. How does the speed of a wave relate to its frequency and wavelength? (5 points)

81.How does the frequency of a wave relate to its period? (5 points)

82.What determines the speed of a wave? (5 points)

83.Does the medium travel with the wave? If yes how, if no, what does travel? (5 points)

Name _______________________________________

93.What is the source of all sounds? (5 points)

Equations
Frequency = f = cycles/time Period = T = time/cycle
Speed = wavelength x frequency = distance/time

94.How does the speed of sound in air compare with the speed of sound in water. (5 points)

95. What is the beat frequency when a 256 Hz tuning fork and a 259 Hz tuning fork are sounded together. (5 points)

96. What type of wave is a sound wave? (5 points)

Name _______________________________________

Equations
Distance = speed x time Wave speed = wavelength x frequency

Speed of sound is 340 m/s

97. You watch a distant farmer driving a stake into the ground with a sledgehammer. He hits the stake at a regular rate of one stoke per second. You hear the sound of the blows exactly synchronized with the blows you see. And then you hear two more blows after you see him stop hammering. Calculate ( show your work) how for away is the farmer (You may have been using binoculars the see the farmer). (10 points)