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Saddle #1

Saddle material:
Saddle construction is:
Saddle allowable stress:
Saddle yield stress:
Saddle distance to datum:
Tangent to tangent length:
Saddle separation:
Vessel radius:
Tangent distance left:
Tangent distance right:
Saddle height:
Saddle contact angle:
Wear plate thickness:
Wear plate width:
Wear plate contact angle:
Web plate thickness:
Base plate length:
Base plate width:
Base plate thickness:
Number of stiffener ribs:
Largest stiffener rib spacing:
Stiffener rib thickness:
Saddle width:

Ss =
Sy =
L=
Ls =
R=
Al =
Ar =
Hs =
=
tp =
Wp =
w =
ts =
E=
F=
tb =
n=
di =
tw =
B=

20,000
38,000
13.25
412
381.5
30.5
15.25
15.25
42.5
120
0.375
11
132
0.375
54
9
0.375
4
17.5417
0.375
8

15,000
0
2
0.45

Anchor bolt size & type:


Anchor bolt material:
Anchor bolt allowable shear:
Anchor bolt corrosion allowance:
Anchor bolts per saddle:
Base coefficient of friction:

Centered web
psi
psi
in
in
in
in
in
in
in

in
in

in
in
in
in
in
in
in
1 inch series 8
threaded
psi
in

Weight on left saddle: operating corr =5,978 lb, test new =29,368 lb
Weight on right saddle: operating corr =5,993 lb, test new =29,381 lb
Weight of saddle pair
=580 lb

1/9

Notes:
(1) Saddle calculations are based on the method presented in "Stresses in Large Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on
Two Saddle Supports" by L.P. Zick.

Load

Vessel
condition

Bending + pressure
between saddles
(psi)
S1
(+)

allow
(+)

S1
(-)

Bending + pressure at
the saddle
(psi)

allow

S2

(-)

(+)

allow S2 allow
(+)

(-)

(-)

Weight

Operating

7,849

20,000

349

15,069

7,503

20,000

15,069

Weight

Test

9,193

34,200

1,373

15,069

7,828

34,200

15,069

Weight

Vacuum

349

20,000

799

15,069

20,000

452

15,069

Load

Vessel
condition

Tangential
shear (psi)

Circumferential
stress (psi)

S3

S4
(horns)

allow

allow
(+/-)

Stress
over
saddle
(psi)
S5

Splitting
(psi)

allow S6 allow

Weight

Operating

465

16,000

-687

30,000

617

17,400

154

13,333

Weight

Test

1,713

27,360

-2,283

34,200

2,485

34,200

753

34,200

Weight

Vacuum

465

16,000

-687

30,000

617

17,400

154

13,333

Load Case 1: Weight ,Operating


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Operating, right saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.8119*5,993*(412/12) / (*30.252*0.5)
= 349 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 250.03*30/(2*0.5)
= 7,501 psi
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 7,849 psi
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 349 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 20,000 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3
= 432.6667 in
w = Wt/Le = 11,971/432.6667 = 27.67 lb/in

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Bending moment at the left saddle:


Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 27.67*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)
= 2,804.6 lb-in
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 2,804.6*1/ (*30.252*0.5)
= 2 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 250.03*30/(2*0.5)
= 7,501 psi
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 7,503 psi
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 2 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 20,000 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Operating)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))
= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*(0.5 + 0.375))
= 199 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Operating)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)
= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*0.375)
= 465 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Operating)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)
= 0.6937*5,993/(30.25*0.5)
= 275 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener
S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)
= 0.4011*5,993/(30.25*0.375)
= 212 psi
Sp = P*(K*Di + 0.2*th)/(2*th)
= 250.03*(1*60.25 + 0.2*0.375)/(2*0.375)
= 20,110 psi
Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 20,322 psi
Stress in the head is acceptable (<= 1.25*Sh = 25,000 psi)

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Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Operating)


S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -5,993/(4*0.5*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.5))) - 3*0.0132*5,993/(2*0.52)
= -687 psi
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 30,000 psi)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.092 in
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Operating)
S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*5,993/((0.5 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.875)))
= 617 psi
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 17,400 psi)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11
= 7.9375 in2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*5,993 / 7.9375
= 154 psi
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 13,333 psi)

Load Case 2: Weight ,Test


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Test, right saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.8119*29,381*(412/12) / (*30.18752*0.625)
= 1,373 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 327.2*29.875/(2*0.625)
= 7,820 psi
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 9,193 psi
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 1,373 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Test)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3
= 432.6667 in

4/9

w = Wt/Le = 58,749/432.6667 = 135.78 lb/in


Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 135.78*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)
= 13,763.6 lb-in
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 13,763.6*1/ (*30.18752*0.625)
= 8 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 327.2*29.875/(2*0.625)
= 7,820 psi
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 7,828 psi
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 8 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Test)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))
= 0.8799*29,381/(30.1875*(0.625 + 0.375))
= 856 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Test)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)
= 0.8799*29,381/(30.1875*0.5)
= 1,713 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Test)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)
= 0.6937*29,381/(30.1875*0.625)
= 1,080 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)
Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener
S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)
= 0.4011*29,381/(30.1875*0.5)
= 781 psi
Sp = P*(K*Di + 0.2*th)/(2*th)
= 327.2*(1*60.25 + 0.2*0.5)/(2*0.5)
= 19,746 psi
Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 20,527 psi

5/9

Stress in the head is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)


Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Test)
S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -29,381/(4*0.625*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.625))) - 3*0.0132*29,381/(2*0.6252)
= -2,283 psi
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.8111 in
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Test)
S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*29,381/((0.625 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*1)))
= 2,485 psi
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Test)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11
= 7.9375 in2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*29,381 / 7.9375
= 753 psi
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

Load Case 3: Weight ,Vacuum


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Vacuum, right saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.8119*5,993*(412/12) / (*30.252*0.5)
= 349 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 15*30/(2*0.5)
= 450 psi
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 349 psi
Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 799 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 20,000 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3
= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3

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= 432.6667 in
w = Wt/Le = 11,971/432.6667 = 27.67 lb/in
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)
= 27.67*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)
= 2,804.6 lb-in
S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)
= 2,804.6*1/ (*30.252*0.5)
= 2 psi
Sp = P*R/(2*t)
= 15*30/(2*0.5)
= 450 psi
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 2 psi
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 452 psi
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 20,000 psi)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Vacuum)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))
= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*(0.5 + 0.375))
= 199 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Vacuum)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)
= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*0.375)
= 465 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Vacuum)
S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)
= 0.6937*5,993/(30.25*0.5)
= 275 psi
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)
Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener
S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)
= 0.4011*5,993/(30.25*0.375)
= 212 psi
Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 212 psi
Stress in the head is acceptable (<= 1.25*Sh = 25,000 psi)

7/9

Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Vacuum)


S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)
= -5,993/(4*0.5*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.5))) - 3*0.0132*5,993/(2*0.52)
= -687 psi
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 30,000 psi)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +
1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.092 in
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*5,993/((0.5 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.875)))
= 617 psi
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 17,400 psi)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11
= 7.9375 in2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*5,993 / 7.9375
= 154 psi
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 13,333 psi)
Shear stress in anchor bolting, one end slotted
Maximum seismic or wind base shear = 0 lbf
Thermal expansion base shear = W* = 6,283 * 0.45= 2,827.35 lbf
Corroded root area for a 1 inch series 8 threaded bolt = 0.551 in2 ( 2 per saddle )
Bolt shear stress = 2,827.35/(0.551*2) = 2,566 psi
Anchor bolt stress is acceptable (<= 15,000 psi)
Web plate buckling check (Escoe pg 251)
Allowable compressive stress Sc is the lesser of 20,000 or 15,332 psi: (15,332)
Sc = Ki*2*E/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(di/tw)2)
= 1.28*2*29E+06/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(17.5417/0.375)2)
= 15,332 psi
Allowable compressive load on the saddle
be = di*ts/(di*ts + 2*tw*(b - 1))
= 17.5417*0.375/(17.5417*0.375 + 2*0.375*(8 - 1))

8/9

= 0.5561
Fb = n*(As + 2*be*tw)*Sc
= 4*(2.8594 + 2*0.5561*0.375)*15,332
= 200,943.36 lbf
Saddle loading of 29,671 lbf is <= Fb; satisfactory.
Primary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (assumes one saddle slotted)
b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A
= 0 * (42.5 - 25.2233)* 4 / 64.07 + 5,993 / 31.2478
= 192 psi
The primary bending + axial stress in the saddle <= 20,000 psi; satisfactory.
Secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (includes thermal expansion, assumes one
saddle slotted)
b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A
= 2,827.35 * (42.5 - 25.2233)* 4 / 64.07 + 5,993 / 31.2478
= 3,242 psi
The secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle < 2*Sy= 76,000 psi; satisfactory.
Saddle base plate thickness check (Roark sixth edition, Table 26, case 7a)
where a = 17.5417, b = 4.3125 in
tb = (1*q*b2/(1.5*Sa))0.5
= (3*61*4.31252/(1.5*20,000))0.5
= 0.337 in
The base plate thickness of 0.375 in is adequate.
Foundation bearing check
Sf = Qmax / (F*E)
= 29,671 / (9*54)
= 61 psi
Concrete bearing stress < 1,658 psi ; satisfactory.

9/9