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Saddle material:

Saddle construction is:

Saddle allowable stress:

Saddle yield stress:

Saddle distance to datum:

Tangent to tangent length:

Saddle separation:

Vessel radius:

Tangent distance left:

Tangent distance right:

Saddle height:

Saddle contact angle:

Wear plate thickness:

Wear plate width:

Wear plate contact angle:

Web plate thickness:

Base plate length:

Base plate width:

Base plate thickness:

Number of stiffener ribs:

Largest stiffener rib spacing:

Stiffener rib thickness:

Saddle width:

Ss =

Sy =

L=

Ls =

R=

Al =

Ar =

Hs =

=

tp =

Wp =

w =

ts =

E=

F=

tb =

n=

di =

tw =

B=

20,000

38,000

13.25

412

381.5

30.5

15.25

15.25

42.5

120

0.375

11

132

0.375

54

9

0.375

4

17.5417

0.375

8

15,000

0

2

0.45

Anchor bolt material:

Anchor bolt allowable shear:

Anchor bolt corrosion allowance:

Anchor bolts per saddle:

Base coefficient of friction:

Centered web

psi

psi

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

in

1 inch series 8

threaded

psi

in

Weight on left saddle: operating corr =5,978 lb, test new =29,368 lb

Weight on right saddle: operating corr =5,993 lb, test new =29,381 lb

Weight of saddle pair

=580 lb

1/9

Notes:

(1) Saddle calculations are based on the method presented in "Stresses in Large Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on

Two Saddle Supports" by L.P. Zick.

Load

Vessel

condition

Bending + pressure

between saddles

(psi)

S1

(+)

allow

(+)

S1

(-)

Bending + pressure at

the saddle

(psi)

allow

S2

(-)

(+)

allow S2 allow

(+)

(-)

(-)

Weight

Operating

7,849

20,000

349

15,069

7,503

20,000

15,069

Weight

Test

9,193

34,200

1,373

15,069

7,828

34,200

15,069

Weight

Vacuum

349

20,000

799

15,069

20,000

452

15,069

Load

Vessel

condition

Tangential

shear (psi)

Circumferential

stress (psi)

S3

S4

(horns)

allow

allow

(+/-)

Stress

over

saddle

(psi)

S5

Splitting

(psi)

allow S6 allow

Weight

Operating

465

16,000

-687

30,000

617

17,400

154

13,333

Weight

Test

1,713

27,360

-2,283

34,200

2,485

34,200

753

34,200

Weight

Vacuum

465

16,000

-687

30,000

617

17,400

154

13,333

Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Operating, right saddle loading and geometry govern)

S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)

= 3*0.8119*5,993*(412/12) / (*30.252*0.5)

= 349 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 250.03*30/(2*0.5)

= 7,501 psi

Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 7,849 psi

Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 349 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 20,000 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Operating)

Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3

= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3

= 432.6667 in

w = Wt/Le = 11,971/432.6667 = 27.67 lb/in

2/9

Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)

= 27.67*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)

= 2,804.6 lb-in

S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)

= 2,804.6*1/ (*30.252*0.5)

= 2 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 250.03*30/(2*0.5)

= 7,501 psi

Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 7,503 psi

Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 2 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 20,000 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Operating)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))

= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*(0.5 + 0.375))

= 199 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Operating)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)

= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*0.375)

= 465 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Operating)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)

= 0.6937*5,993/(30.25*0.5)

= 275 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener

S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)

= 0.4011*5,993/(30.25*0.375)

= 212 psi

Sp = P*(K*Di + 0.2*th)/(2*th)

= 250.03*(1*60.25 + 0.2*0.375)/(2*0.375)

= 20,110 psi

Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 20,322 psi

Stress in the head is acceptable (<= 1.25*Sh = 25,000 psi)

3/9

S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)

= -5,993/(4*0.5*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.5))) - 3*0.0132*5,993/(2*0.52)

= -687 psi

Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 30,000 psi)

The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +

1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.092 in

Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Operating)

S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))

= 0.7603*5,993/((0.5 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.875)))

= 617 psi

Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 17,400 psi)

Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Operating)

Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area

Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp

= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11

= 7.9375 in2

S6 = K8*Q / Ae

= 0.2035*5,993 / 7.9375

= 154 psi

Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 13,333 psi)

Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Test, right saddle loading and geometry govern)

S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)

= 3*0.8119*29,381*(412/12) / (*30.18752*0.625)

= 1,373 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 327.2*29.875/(2*0.625)

= 7,820 psi

Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 9,193 psi

Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 1,373 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Test)

Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3

= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3

= 432.6667 in

4/9

Bending moment at the left saddle:

Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)

= 135.78*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)

= 13,763.6 lb-in

S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)

= 13,763.6*1/ (*30.18752*0.625)

= 8 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 327.2*29.875/(2*0.625)

= 7,820 psi

Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 7,828 psi

Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 8 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Test)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))

= 0.8799*29,381/(30.1875*(0.625 + 0.375))

= 856 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Test)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)

= 0.8799*29,381/(30.1875*0.5)

= 1,713 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Test)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)

= 0.6937*29,381/(30.1875*0.625)

= 1,080 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 27,360 psi)

Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener

S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)

= 0.4011*29,381/(30.1875*0.5)

= 781 psi

Sp = P*(K*Di + 0.2*th)/(2*th)

= 327.2*(1*60.25 + 0.2*0.5)/(2*0.5)

= 19,746 psi

Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 20,527 psi

5/9

Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight ,Test)

S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)

= -29,381/(4*0.625*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.625))) - 3*0.0132*29,381/(2*0.6252)

= -2,283 psi

Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +

1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.8111 in

Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Test)

S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))

= 0.7603*29,381/((0.625 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*1)))

= 2,485 psi

Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Test)

Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area

Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp

= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11

= 7.9375 in2

S6 = K8*Q / Ae

= 0.2035*29,381 / 7.9375

= 753 psi

Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 34,200 psi)

Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight ,Vacuum, right saddle loading and geometry govern)

S1 = +- 3*K1*Q*(L/12) / (*R2*t)

= 3*0.8119*5,993*(412/12) / (*30.252*0.5)

= 349 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 15*30/(2*0.5)

= 450 psi

Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 349 psi

Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 799 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 20,000 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)

Le = 2*(Left head depth)/3 + L + 2*(Right head depth)/3

= 2*15.5/3 + 412 + 2*15.5/3

6/9

= 432.6667 in

w = Wt/Le = 11,971/432.6667 = 27.67 lb/in

Bending moment at the left saddle:

Mq = w*(2*H*Al/3 + Al2/2 - (R2 - H2)/4)

= 27.67*(2*15.5*15.25/3 + 15.252/2 - (30.52 - 15.52)/4)

= 2,804.6 lb-in

S2 = +- Mq*K1'/ (*R2*t)

= 2,804.6*1/ (*30.252*0.5)

= 2 psi

Sp = P*R/(2*t)

= 15*30/(2*0.5)

= 450 psi

Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 2 psi

Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 452 psi

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 20,000 psi)

Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 15,069 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight ,Vacuum)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*(t + tp))

= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*(0.5 + 0.375))

= 199 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the right head (Weight ,Vacuum)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*th)

= 0.8799*5,993/(30.25*0.375)

= 465 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Tangential shear stress in the shell at the wear plate edge (right saddle, Weight ,Vacuum)

S3 = K2.3*Q/(R*t)

= 0.6937*5,993/(30.25*0.5)

= 275 psi

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 16,000 psi)

Additional stress in the head used as a stiffener

S3h = K2.4*Q/(R*th)

= 0.4011*5,993/(30.25*0.375)

= 212 psi

Total stress in the head = S3h + Sp = 212 psi

Stress in the head is acceptable (<= 1.25*Sh = 25,000 psi)

7/9

S4 = -Q/(4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 3*K3*Q/(2*t2)

= -5,993/(4*0.5*(8+1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.5))) - 3*0.0132*5,993/(2*0.52)

= -687 psi

Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 30,000 psi)

The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {B +

1.56*(Rotc)0.5} =14.092 in

Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight ,Vacuum)

S5 = K5*Q/((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))

= 0.7603*5,993/((0.5 + 0.375)*(0.375 + 1.56*Sqr(30.5*0.875)))

= 617 psi

Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 17,400 psi)

Saddle splitting load (right, Weight ,Vacuum)

Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area

Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp

= 10.1667*0.375 + 0.375*11

= 7.9375 in2

S6 = K8*Q / Ae

= 0.2035*5,993 / 7.9375

= 154 psi

Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2/3)*Ss = 13,333 psi)

Shear stress in anchor bolting, one end slotted

Maximum seismic or wind base shear = 0 lbf

Thermal expansion base shear = W* = 6,283 * 0.45= 2,827.35 lbf

Corroded root area for a 1 inch series 8 threaded bolt = 0.551 in2 ( 2 per saddle )

Bolt shear stress = 2,827.35/(0.551*2) = 2,566 psi

Anchor bolt stress is acceptable (<= 15,000 psi)

Web plate buckling check (Escoe pg 251)

Allowable compressive stress Sc is the lesser of 20,000 or 15,332 psi: (15,332)

Sc = Ki*2*E/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(di/tw)2)

= 1.28*2*29E+06/(12*(1 - 0.32)*(17.5417/0.375)2)

= 15,332 psi

Allowable compressive load on the saddle

be = di*ts/(di*ts + 2*tw*(b - 1))

= 17.5417*0.375/(17.5417*0.375 + 2*0.375*(8 - 1))

8/9

= 0.5561

Fb = n*(As + 2*be*tw)*Sc

= 4*(2.8594 + 2*0.5561*0.375)*15,332

= 200,943.36 lbf

Saddle loading of 29,671 lbf is <= Fb; satisfactory.

Primary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (assumes one saddle slotted)

b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A

= 0 * (42.5 - 25.2233)* 4 / 64.07 + 5,993 / 31.2478

= 192 psi

The primary bending + axial stress in the saddle <= 20,000 psi; satisfactory.

Secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (includes thermal expansion, assumes one

saddle slotted)

b = V * (Hs - xo)* y / I + Q / A

= 2,827.35 * (42.5 - 25.2233)* 4 / 64.07 + 5,993 / 31.2478

= 3,242 psi

The secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle < 2*Sy= 76,000 psi; satisfactory.

Saddle base plate thickness check (Roark sixth edition, Table 26, case 7a)

where a = 17.5417, b = 4.3125 in

tb = (1*q*b2/(1.5*Sa))0.5

= (3*61*4.31252/(1.5*20,000))0.5

= 0.337 in

The base plate thickness of 0.375 in is adequate.

Foundation bearing check

Sf = Qmax / (F*E)

= 29,671 / (9*54)

= 61 psi

Concrete bearing stress < 1,658 psi ; satisfactory.

9/9

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