Vocab

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Chapter 1

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Chapter 2

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4

Chapter 3

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6

Chapter 4

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Chapter 5

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Chapter 6

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Chapter 7

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Grammar

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• The Present Tense(p.18) o Regular Endings AR ER -o -o -as -es -a -e -amos -emos -áis -éis -an -en o Stem Changes • Ser and Estar(p.22) • Gustar and Similar Verbs(p.26) • The Preterite(p.56) o Regular Endings Yo Tú El, Ella, Ud. Nosotros Vosotros Ellos, Ellas, Uds. The Imperfect(p.60) Preterite vs. Imperfect(p.64) The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses(p.94) Commands(p.100) Object Pronouns(p.104) The Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses(p.134) Reflexive Verbs(p.138) Por and Para(p.142) The Future(p.172) The Conditional(p.176) Relative Pronouns(p.180) The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses(p.210) The Past Subjunctive(p.214) Comparisons and Superlatives(p.218) -AR é aste ó amos asteis aron

IR -o -es -e -imos -ís -en

-ER í iste ió imos isteis ieron

-IR í iste ió imos isteis ieron

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

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• The Present Perfect o General  Haber + Past Participle  Irregular Past Participles • Abrir - abierto • Cubrir – cubierto • Decir – dicho • Descubrir – descubierto • Escribir – escrito • Hacer – hecho • Morir- muerto • Poner- puesto • Resolver – resuelto • Romper – roto • Ver – visto • Volver – vuelto  Stem Changing • Caer – Caído • Oír – Oído • Leer – Leído • Construir – Construido o Indicative  Conjugations of Haber • He • Has • Ha • Hemos • Habéis • Han o Subjunctive  Conjugations of Haber • Haya • Hayas • Haya • Hayamos • Hayáis • Hayan  If the person or things does not exist  Things that trigger • Emotion • Will / Influence 15

• Doubt / Denial o Other notes  See your “Se” notes taken on 3-21-07 & Link To Mine • Uses of Se o Se is also used as the third person reflexive pronoun, but you can also use se on non reflexive verbs o 2 Types of Se  Impersonal • Used when not talking to anyone in general like “they” or “one” or “you” • Example – “You shouldn’t smoke in a hospital” • So, se is used in front of verbs to express general information • Construction: SE+VERB+SUBJECT  Unplanned events • Used to form statements that describe accidental or unplanned events. • Example - “Oops I lost my money.” • Construction: SE+IOP+VERB+SUBJECT • For unplanned events the verb must be conjugated in preterite o Little Tips  The Impersonal is conjugated in third person(Impersonal)  Don’t forget to use the right number conjugations. It must agree with the subject(Impersonal) • Se vende ropa • Se venden camisas o Verbs used with se  To break- romper  To forget-olvidar  To be left behind- quedar  To damage; to break down- dañar  To lose – perder (e:ie)  To fall; to drop- caer  To run out – acabar o Reminder  The Indirect Object Pronouns(IOP) are: • Me • Te • Le • Nos • Os • Les o Other notes

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 See your “Se” notes taken on 4-11-07  Link To Mine

• The Past Perfect o Regular Construction  Ya + haber + verb o Irregular Construction  Ya + IO + haber + verb o Conjugations of haber  había  habías  había  habíamos  habíais  habían

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