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Vocab

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Chapter 1

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Chapter 2

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Chapter 3

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Chapter 4

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Chapter 5

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Chapter 6

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Chapter 7

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Grammar

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• The Present Tense(p.18)
o Regular Endings
AR ER IR
-o -o -o
-as -es -es
-a -e -e
-amos -emos -imos
-áis -éis -ís
-an -en -en
o Stem Changes
• Ser and Estar(p.22)
• Gustar and Similar Verbs(p.26)
• The Preterite(p.56)
o Regular Endings
-AR -ER -IR
Yo é í í
Tú aste iste iste
El, Ella, Ud. ó ió ió
Nosotros amos imos imos
Vosotros asteis isteis isteis
Ellos, Ellas, Uds. aron ieron ieron
• The Imperfect(p.60)
• Preterite vs. Imperfect(p.64)
• The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses(p.94)
• Commands(p.100)
• Object Pronouns(p.104)
• The Subjunctive in Adjective Clauses(p.134)
• Reflexive Verbs(p.138)
• Por and Para(p.142)
• The Future(p.172)
• The Conditional(p.176)
• Relative Pronouns(p.180)
• The Subjunctive in Adverbial Clauses(p.210)
• The Past Subjunctive(p.214)
• Comparisons and Superlatives(p.218)

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• The Present Perfect
o General
 Haber + Past Participle
 Irregular Past Participles
• Abrir - abierto
• Cubrir – cubierto
• Decir – dicho
• Descubrir – descubierto
• Escribir – escrito
• Hacer – hecho
• Morir- muerto
• Poner- puesto
• Resolver – resuelto
• Romper – roto
• Ver – visto
• Volver – vuelto
 Stem Changing
• Caer – Caído
• Oír – Oído
• Leer – Leído
• Construir – Construido
o Indicative
 Conjugations of Haber
• He
• Has
• Ha
• Hemos
• Habéis
• Han
o Subjunctive
 Conjugations of Haber
• Haya
• Hayas
• Haya
• Hayamos
• Hayáis
• Hayan
 If the person or things does not exist
 Things that trigger
• Emotion
• Will / Influence

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• Doubt / Denial
o Other notes
 See your “Se” notes taken on 3-21-07 & Link To Mine
• Uses of Se
o Se is also used as the third person reflexive pronoun, but you can also use se on
non reflexive verbs
o 2 Types of Se
 Impersonal
• Used when not talking to anyone in general like “they” or “one”
or “you”
• Example – “You shouldn’t smoke in a hospital”
• So, se is used in front of verbs to express general information
• Construction: SE+VERB+SUBJECT
 Unplanned events
• Used to form statements that describe accidental or unplanned
events.
• Example - “Oops I lost my money.”
• Construction: SE+IOP+VERB+SUBJECT
• For unplanned events the verb must be conjugated in preterite
o Little Tips
 The Impersonal is conjugated in third person(Impersonal)
 Don’t forget to use the right number conjugations. It must agree with the
subject(Impersonal)
• Se vende ropa
• Se venden camisas
o Verbs used with se
 To break- romper
 To forget-olvidar
 To be left behind- quedar
 To damage; to break down- dañar
 To lose – perder (e:ie)
 To fall; to drop- caer
 To run out – acabar
o Reminder
 The Indirect Object Pronouns(IOP) are:
• Me
• Te
• Le
• Nos
• Os
• Les
o Other notes

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 See your “Se” notes taken on 4-11-07
 Link To Mine

• The Past Perfect


o Regular Construction
 Ya + haber + verb
o Irregular Construction
 Ya + IO + haber + verb
o Conjugations of haber
 había
 habías
 había
 habíamos
 habíais
 habían

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