# Ultimate Moment of Beam w/ Given Tension Area, As

Date: Prepared by: Checked by: Revisions:

l.

Solve for r: As= b= d= r= = 227 150 200 As/bd 0.008

ll. Check if Steel Yields: f'c= 20.7 fy= 276 b= 0.85 if f'c is greater than 30 Mpa, use b as: b= 0.85-.008(fc'-30) : But should not be less than 0.65 = 0.924 150 0.85 f'c b (600) fy (600+fy) = 8,973.45 241,776.00

= 0.037 lll. If steel yields: w= r fy f'c = 0.1009

Steel yields !!!

Mu= f f'c bd2 w (1-0.59w) = 10606081.41 N.m = 10.61 Kn.m

lV. If steel does not yield:
0.003

C=0.85f'c ab a d d-a/2 d-c T= As fy e=fs/es Es = 200000 c

b Solve for fs from the strain diagram: fs/es d-c fs = 0.0003 c 600 (d-c) c a = bc 0 (T=C) 0.85 f'c a b

=

S FH= As fs =

As fs = 0.85 f'c b c b As 600 (d-c) = 0.85 f'c b c b c 0.85 b f'c b c2 600 As (d-c) = c a b x c fs = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

- b +-√b2 - 4ax
2a 2243.3625 136200 -27240000
83.94

mm

-144.65 600 (d-c) c 829.57 bc 71.35 fT(d-a/2) fAsfs(d-a/2) 27849814.08 27.850 N.m Kn.m

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T-BEAMS (determining tension steel area A s w/ known M u ) : l.00 450.00 50.00 5. interior beam end beam b b' S1 S2 S3 bw' bw For interior beams: 1. b = S1 /2 + S2 /2 +bw *Where S1 and S2 is the clear distance to next web = 450 . b = L/4 = *Where L is the beam span = 1250 2.00 100. b = 16 t + bw *Where t is the flange thickness *Where bw is the web thickness = 1650 3.000.85 f'c a b d-a/2 T = As f y design parameters: Mu = b= d= f'c = fy = L= t= bw = S1 = S2 = 324.00 500. Assume a < t: b L a d C = 0.00 300.70 400.60 275.00 b is the smallest of.00 27.

a/2) Mu = f 0. assumption is correct: T=C Asfy = 0. b' = 6 t + bw' *Where t is the flange thickness *Where bw' is the web thickness = 800 3.For end beams: 1.4 fy rmin = 0. b' = S3 /2 + bw' *Where S3 is the clear distance to next web = 500 solve for a: Mu = f C (d. b' = L/12 + bw' = *Where bw' is the web thickness = 508.85 f'c a b (d-a/2) by quadratic equation: a= . If a < or = t.1450 lll.8 y = -3800520 z = 324700000 a = 804.y +-√y2 . therefore ok!!!! mm2 mm mm Assumption is correct r = 0.41 95.0051 r= As bw d p > pmin.81 check also for r min rmin = 1.85 f'c a b As = 3261.4xz 2x x = 4222.33 2.59 ll. assumption is not correct: b t 1 2 1 d a C1 C2 . If a > or = t.

m mm2 r = 0.28 7.82 solve for Mu2 and Mu1 : Mu2 = f T2 (d.85 f'c a (b-bw) t As2 = 2985.As bw d-a/2 T1 = As1 fy Mu1 d-t/2 T2 = As2 fy Mu2 As = As1 + As2 Mu = Mu1 + Mu2 solve for As2 : T 2 = C2 As2fy = 0.8 y = -3800520 z = 29104000 a = 892.144 .t/2) Mu2 = f As2 fy (d.85 f'c a b (d-a/2) by quadratic equation: a = .40 r= As bw d p > pmin.m Mu2 = 295.58 As = As1 + As2 As = 3249.000.Mu2 Mu1 = 29.85 f'c ab As1 = 263.596.m Kn.t/2) Mu2 = 295.60 Mu1 = Mu .00 N.10 solve for a and As1: Mu1 = f C2 (d-a/2) Mu1 = f 0.4xz 2x x = 4222. therefore ok!!!! mm2 mm2 mm mm Kn.y +-√y2 .72 T 1 = C1 As1fy = 0.

xls.850 rb = 0.Required Tension Steel Area (As) of a Beam w/ Given Ultimate Moment (Mu): Date: Prepared by: Checked by: Revisions: l.4 fy rmin = 0.ms_office Page 18 .85f'c 0. Solve for r: r= 0.85f'c fy r= 1- 1 .0034 Singly Reinforced !!! Therefore.00 Kn.m mm mm Mpa 30.85-.023 lV. use p!!! \\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_3\130302364.75 rmax if f'c is greater than 30 Mpa.65 = 0. Solve for Ru: Mu= b= d= fy= f'c= b= Ru= Mu f b d2 6.00 Mpa 0.031 rmax = 0.008(fc'-30) : But should not be less than 0. use b as: b = 0.69 Mpa 650. Check rmin: rmin = 1.75 rb rmax = 0.00 300.00 600.0191 lll.85 = ll.2Ru 0.85 f'c b (600) fy (600+fy) rb = 0. Check if the beam needs compression steel by computing rmax: rb = 0.00 414.

63 Mu 2 = f T2 (d .m Mu 2 = Mu .14 N.m Mu 1 = 758.d') = f As2 fy (d . Compute for As: As = r b d As = 3441. Solve for As1: d' = rmax = 100.09 Kn.743.695 mm 2 In case the beam is doubly-reinforced: (r > rmax) d' a C1 d-a/2 C2 = As'fs' d d-d' T2 = As2'fy T1 = As1 fy l. Solve for Mu1.33 a= bc c = 266.V.63 Kn.a/2) = f As1 fy (d-a/2) = 758.27 lll.ms_office Page 19 .003 \\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_3\130302364.85 f'c a b = As1 fy mm2 a = 226.21 ll.d') As2 = -583. Verify if compression steel will yields: 0.xls.023 As1 = rmax b d = 4182.Mu1 Mu 2 = -108.m mm2 lV.00 mm 0. Solve for a and c: C1 = T 1 0. Mu2 and As2: mm mm Mu 1 = f T1 (d .629.

xls.d' c c-d' es = fs/Es fs/Es = 0.003 c-d' c fs = 600 c-d' c fs = 374. If compression steel does not yield: C2 = T 2 As' fs = As2 fy As' = As2 fy fs As' = -644. If compression steel yields: Mpa Compression Steel Does Not Yield……. As' = As2 = -583.09 As = 3599.30 As = As1 + As2 As = 3599.12 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 \\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch_3\130302364.ms_office Page 20 .12 Vl.67 V.

00 510.00 280.810 fs = fy As2 = As' As1 = As -As2 = 3054 ll.00 65.85f'c ab = a= a= c= lll.05 mm2 mm mm .810 400.00 mm b= 0.00 5.008(f'c-30) : But should not be less than 0.85-.65 bc 181.85 f'c ab d-a/2 d-d' T2 = As2'fy T1 = As1 fy As stress diagram stress diagram C2 = As'fs' d l. Solve for a and c: C1 = 0. Assume compression steel yields: b= fy = f'c = d= d' = b= As = As' = if f'c is greater than 30 Mpa. Verify if compression steel will yields: T1 As1 fy 146.035.00 Mpa mm mm mm mm2 2 2. use b as: 0.Computing Mu of a Doubly Reinforced Beam w/ Given As and As' As' d' a C1 = 0.00 Mpa 35.089.65 b= 0.

104.003 c-d' c fs = 600 (c-d') c from the stress diagram: C1 + C2 = T 0.85 f'c a b + As' fs = As fy 0. If compression steel yields: Mu = = = = Mu = Mu1 + Mu2 f T1 (d .599.m Mpa fs>fy Therefore compression steel yields !!! V.04 N.003 d' c c-d' es = fs/Es fs/Es = 0.10 Kn. If fs < fy.23 lV.a/2) + f As2 fy (d-d') 806. compression steel will not yield: from the strain diagram: fs/Es = 0.003 c-d' c fs = 600 c-d' c fs = 1071. the assumption is wrong.85 f'c b1c b + As' 600 (c-d') = As fy c solve c by quadratic formula: .m 806.a/2) + f T2 (d-d') f As1 fy (d .0.

30 814600 (79.931.000.4ax 2a a= b= x= 6.64 mm solve for Mu: Mu = Mu 1 + Mu2 = fC1 (d-a/2) + f C2 (d-d') = f0.76 -184.747.m Mu = 177.m .365.49 solve for fs: fs = 600 (c-d') c fs = -11.00) c= 63.b +-√b .69 solve for a: mm mm Mpa fs<fy Therefore compression stee a=bc = 51.84 N.932 Kn.2 c= .913.85 f'c a b (d-a/2) + f As' fs(d-d') = 177.

0.003 d' c-d' strain diagram .

ore compression steel yields !!! .

fs<fy Therefore compression steel will not yield……. .