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Impact of terminal serviceability index on slab thickness.

As the terminal serviceability index increases the slab thickness will increase. This is because higher terminal serviceability index means lower loss of psi (initial serviceability index being 4.5). For the same traffic lower psi will require stronger pavement. 10.6 PCC Thickness (inches) 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.4 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 Terminal Serviceability Index 3 3.5

Impact of Resilient Modulus of the subgrade (psi) on slab thickness. As the resilient modulus of subgrade increase, the slab thickness decrease. This is because the structural capacity required producing psi (over the same traffic and time) can be achieved with lower slab thickness. 10.6 PCC Thickness (inches) 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.4 9.2 9.0 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 Resilient Modulus of the subgrade (psi)

Impact of 28-day concrete compressive strength (psi) on slab thickness. As the 28-day concrete compressive strength increase, the slab thickness decrease. This is because the structural capacity required producing psi (over the same traffic and time) can be achieved with lower slab thickness. (Increase in compressive strength will increase Ec and Sc) 12.0 PCC Thickness (inches) 11.0 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 2000

4000 6000 8000 10000 28-day concrete compressive strength (psi)

12000

Impact of Reliability % on slab thickness. As the reliability increase, the slab thickness increase. This is because a more reliable pavement needs to be design using higher slab thickness, which can be seen in the AASHTO governing equation. 12.0 PCC Thickness (inches) 11.0 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 40 50 60 70 80 Reliability % 90 100 110

Impact of Base Thickness (inches) on slab thickness. As the base thickness increase, the slab thickness decrease. This is because the structural capacity required producing psi (over the same traffic and time) can be achieved with lower slab thickness. Increase in base thickness will increase SN, which will be compensated with decrease in slab thickness. 10.22 PCC Thickness (inches) 10.20 10.18 10.16 10.14 10.12 10.10 10.08 10.06 5 7 9 11 13 15 Base Thickness (inches) 17 19

Impact of Design Traffic (1 year) ESALs on slab thickness. As the design traffic increase, the slab thickness increase. This is because the structural capacity required for producing same psi over increase traffic can be achieved only with a higher slab thickness. 11.50 PCC Thickness (inches) 11.00 10.50 10.00 9.50 9.00 8.50 8.00 50,000 150,000 250,000 350,000 450,000 Design Traffic (1 year) ESALs 550,000

Impact of Drainage Coefficient on slab thickness. As the drainage coefficient increase, the slab thickness decrease. This is because, improvement in drainage improves SN. 12.00 PCC Thickness (inches) 11.50 11.00 10.50 10.00 9.50 9.00 8.50 8.00 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 Drainage Coefficient 1.2 1.3

Impact of Shoulder and Joint on slab thickness. Doweled and undoweled joint conditions influence the load transfer capacity of the joint. From the AASHTO governing equation it can be seen that pavement with lower load transfer capacity (higher transfer coefficients), will need higher slab thickness. 11 PCC Thickness (inches) 10 9 8 7 6 5 Tied PCC and doweled Undoweled Shoulder and Joint

Impact of Design Life (Years) on slab thickness. As the design life increase, the slab thickness increase. This is because the structural capacity required producing psi has to increase to carry the additional traffic (ESALs) due to the increased life. 11.00 PCC Thickness (inches) 10.50 10.00 9.50 9.00 8.50 10 15 20 25 Design Life (Years) 30 35