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Tim Dodson, Senior vice president - Technology Arena
Technology development in Statoil A 20-year history of successful technology implementation Subsea to land Snøhvit New technology Subsea & floating Åsgard Glitne 2006 2001 1999 Sleipner 1997 1996 1994 1993 1986 Platform based Statfjord satellites Troll Norne Statpipe Gullfaks Significant step changes Time 1985 - .
Technology – the key to future success Increased focus on meeting central business challenges Tail production Sub sea IOR Develop assets Find HC New business options Exploration and reservoir management Well construction Subsea field development Cost effective. safe and regular operation Gas chain management Environmental technologies .
.Development costs more than halved through technology achievements 1970 .000 bbl daily production capacity (NOK bn) . .1980 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 D ra ug en St at fjo rd B G ul lfa ks A St at fjo rd C N or ne K ris tin N jo rd Å sg ar d Å sg ar d Sn ø K vi te bj ør n A hv it B 2000 2005 . Required CAPEX for 100.
.. substantial CAPEX reduction essential . • Based on Frigg field experience: – Three platforms offshore – Gas terminal and LNG plant onshore • 1800 people onshore. current plan: 170 people on Melkøya • CAPEX estimated to NOK 43 bn (corresponds to 100 bn in 2004 NOK) …….Snøhvit development history First development plan in 1982 …….1500 offshore during operation vs.
Snøhvit technology Substantial R&D and innovation needed • Four major technology elements: – Remote controlled subsea systems – Long distance multiphase flow – Cost-effective LNG process technology – Minimize emissions • Dedicated R&D efforts over 15-25 years have resulted in: – Significant CAPEX reduction – State-of-the-art technologies – International recognition .
Remote controlled subsea systems Zero surface solutions – from subsea to the beach Onshore processing and control centre Multiphase flow line CO2 pipeline MEG service line Fibre optic cable Snøhvit 8 wells + 1 CO2 injector Albatross 4 wells. Askeladd 8 wells .
Long distance multiphase flow New world record 70 Liquid Ratio (bbl / MMSCFD) 60 50 40 30 20 Malampaya Popeye East Spar North Alexandra Midgard Mikkel Goldeneye Current operational limit Snøhvit Western Hub EM West delta Mensa Corrib 100 Transfer length (km) 150 10 TOGI Troll 0 0 50 Kudu In operation 200 Construction/planned Statoil operated .
Cost-effective LNG process technology Innovative and proprietary • Key technologies: – Cost-efficient design and manufacturing of “Spiral Wound Heat Exchanger” 60m – High-efficiency and flexible “MFC®” LNG process design ”Cold box” • Statoil-Linde LNG Technology Alliance: – Joint ownership of LNG process and heat exchanger technology .
the world's largest listed supplier of LNG: – New LNG train on existing north Australian plant – Replaced old SWHEs in Brunei – Sakhalin LNG project .Spiral Wound LNG Heat Exchangers (SWHE) 1000 km aluminium tubes – 40000m2 cooling area • Qualified Linde as supplier of Spiral Wound Heat Exchangers for LNG plants • Established Linde as competitor to the only previous SWHE supplier • Several Linde SWHEs purchased by Shell.
MFC®(Mixed Fluid Cascade) liquefaction process Converting gas to liquid by cooling to –163oC 10oC NG • Cascade principle with 3 independent cooling circuits with mixed refrigerant in all 3 circuits • High-efficiency process. with M minimal emissions and energy use -50oC NGL • Cost competitive SWHE M • More flexibility than any other LNG process G -163oC LNG G M .
heat exchangers) – Experience: C3MR previously unrivalled but MFC based on well-proven cascade principle.LNG process technology selection • Potential conflict of interest for Statoil as operator and ”technology developer” – LNG process supplier selected by Snøhvit Partners in 2000 • Two alternatives: – APCI propane-precooled mixed refrigerant (C3MR) – Linde-Statoil mixed fluid cascade (MFC) • MFC chosen based on technical and commercial criteria such as: – Process adaptability to low cooling water temperature – Ability to produce “lean” LNG for the US market – Robustness of critical components (compressors. Verification of the spiral wound heat exchangers in Mossel Bay followed by Shell approval of the same heat exchangers provided valuable support for the Snøhvit Partners’ decision .
Snøhvit environmental technologies Minimise emissions through CO2 reinjection and high-efficiency process High-efficiency liquefaction process Feedgas inlet CO2 to geological storage CO2 separation High-efficiency power generation .
Snøhvit – technology for the Arctic A benchmark project for offshore and LNG technology Full subsea field/remote operation Path breaking LNG technology Zero surface solutions – from subsea to the beach Record-distance multiphase flow CO2 sequestration and storage .
Snøhvit – technology for the Arctic Paving the way for future developments in the Barents Sea Considerable proven and undiscovered gas resources Remote area lacking infrastructure Hypersensitive with regard to marine ecosystems and rich fishing grounds Zero tolerance policy towards environmental harm 450 km 300 km 150 km Future developments: Extreme-distance multiphase flow Increase LNG train capacity to 8-9 mtpa Safe and compact plant design .