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CHEMISTRY 127

EXAM I

September 22, 2006

Name:__________________________ Signature: _______________________ ID # _____________________________

Lab (L) Section ______________ TA ________________________

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS Do NOT begin the exam until asked to do so. There are 10 numbered pages, and a periodic table in this exam. Check to see that they are all here before you begin the exam. Return all these papers when you are finished. Write your name on every page. Use a pen with blue or black ink for the entire exam. Exams done in pencil, erasable ink, or where white-out, liquid paper, etc. have been used are ineligible for regrades. Be sure to follow the directions in answering all questions. Write your final answers in the blanks provided. In working problems and the BONUS, you must SHOW ALL WORK. No credit will be given unless all work is clearly shown and the method of solution is logically correct. Use correct units and significant figures. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION MAY BE USEFUL

t F =

9 t C + 32 5

OR

t C 5 = t F 32 9

Do not write below this line

I II III IV

(30) (40) (60) (20)

________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

Grader ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________


________________

BONUS (15)
TOTAL

(150) ________________

CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006 I. (30 points)

Name ________________________________

A. (10 points) Answer the following questions on the blanks provided. For YES/NO questions write Y if the statement is true and N if the statement is false.

__________ 1. Density is an intensive property of a substance. __________ 2. Convert 100C to F. __________ 3. Perform the following operation and give answer with the proper number of significant figures. (51.5 2.67) x (33.42 0.124) __________ 4. The number of significant figures in 0.0090920 g is 5 __________ 5. The metric prefix micro () represents 10-6. How many m are there in 25.0 cm?
B. (10 points) Choose the best answer for the following multiple choice questions. Put the letter corresponding to the correct answer in the space provided.

_________ 1. How many low dose 81 mg aspirin tablets can be made from 1.21 kg aspirin?
a) 1.5 x 105 tablets d) 1.2 x 104 tablets b) 1.5 x 104 tablets e) 1.5 x 103 tablets c) 1.2 x 103 tablets

_________ 2. A plastic block has dimensions of 2.2 cm x 3.0 cm x 1.5 cm and a mass of 12.4 grams. Will the block float in water and why? (density of water = 1.00 g/mL)
a) No, because the density of block is 0.80 g/mL which is greater than the density of water. b) Yes, because the density of the block is 1.3 g/mL which less than the density of water. c) No, because the density of block is 1.3 g/mL which is greater than the density of water. d) Yes, because the density of the block is 0.80 g/mL which is less than the density of water. e) none of the above

_________ 3. Which of the following items is a pure substance?


a) seawater d) brass b) air e) none of the above c) ice

CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006

Name ________________________________

_________ 4. Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture?


a) air d) milk b) raisin bran e) none of the above c) brass

_________ 5. Which of the following statements about physical and chemical changes is FALSE?
a) Melting is a physical change b) In a chemical change, matter changes its composition c) In a physical change, matter does not change its composition d) Chemical reactions are chemical changes e) All of the above statements are true. C. (5 points) The distance from New York City to Washington, DC is approximately, 378 kilometers. Calculate this distance in miles using the given conversion factors:

1 mile = 5280 ft; 1ft = 12 in; 1 in = 2.54 cm.

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D. (5 points) The solubility of sucrose at 20C is 204 g/100 g of water. Its solubility at 100C is 487g/100 g of water. A solution at 100C is prepared by dissolving 245 g of sucrose in 77.0 g of water. The solution is cooled to 20C. How many grams of sugar will crystallize out?

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006 II. (40 points)

Name ________________________________

A. (10 points) Answer the following questions on the blanks provided.

_______________ 1. Write the nuclear symbol for carbon isotope with 7 neutrons. _______________ 2. The number of electrons in S2- is (less than, greater than, equal to) 16. _______________ 3. The number of transition metals in period 3 is (3) . _______________ 4. The type of bond in NaC is (4) . _______________ 5. The fact that 5.00 g of water forms from a mixture of 5.00 g of hydrogen and oxygen is indicative of the law of (5) .
B. (10 points) Answer the following questions. Write your answers to the blanks provided. ___________ 1. Classify cobalt as a metal (main group, transition, or post-

transition), metalloid, or nonmetal. ___________ 2. How many neutrons are there in the magnesium ion, 25 Mg 2+ ? 12
___________ 3. Write the nuclear symbol for the species that has 40 protons, 50 neutrons and 36 electrons. ___________ 4. The symbol for the metalloid in Group 13 is 4 . ___________ 5. Period (5) has no metals.

C. (10 points) Name each of the following compounds: 1. CaSO4 2. HNO3(aq) 3. BrC3 4. KCO2 5. Co2S3

__________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________

D. (10 points) Write the formula for each of the following compounds: 1. Sodium hydroxide 2. ammonia 3. Chromium (III) carbonate 4. Hydrofluoric acid 5. Lithium nitride

__________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________

CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006 III. (60 points)

Name ________________________________

A. (10 points) Answer the following questions on the blanks provided.

_________ 1. If S-32 were assigned as the standard for expressing relative atomic masses and assigned an atomic mass of 10.00 amu, What would the atomic mass of cobalt be using this basis? _________ 2. What is the simplest formula for the compound C12H22O11? _________ 3. Consider the unbalanced reaction: __NaC(g) + __SO2(g) + __H2O(g) + __O2(g) __N2SO4(s) + __HC(g) Once balanced, what is the sum of coefficients for the products (use smallest whole number coefficients)? _________ 4. If the actual yield of a reaction is 88.2 % and 25.5 g of product forms, what is the theoretical yield? _________ 5. The compound C6H12O2N has half as many grams of hydrogen as carbon. (YES or NO)
B. (6 points) Copper has two naturally occurring isotopes. Cu-63 has an atomic mass

of 62.9296 and an abundance of 69.17%. What is the atomic mass of the second isotope?

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C. (6 points) 1) What is the mass of 0.65 mol of molecular hydrogen?

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2) How many moles are present in 0.235 g of Mg(NO3)2?

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006

Name ________________________________

D. (12 points) 1) Calculate the average mass of a sodium atom in grams.

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2) Citric acid has the formula, C6H8O7 (MM = 192.12 g/mol). How many hydrogen

atoms are there in 5.0 g of citric acid?

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3) What is the mass percent of C in a compound with a formula (C5H5)2Fe?

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006

Name ________________________________

E. (12 points) Hexamethylenediamine (MW = 116.2 g/mol), a compound made up of

carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen atoms, is used in the production of nylon. When 6.315 g of hexamethylenediamine is burned in oxygen, 14.36 g of carbon dioxide and 7.832 g of water are obtained.
1. How many grams of carbon are in the sample?

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2. How many grams of hydrogen are in the sample?

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3. How many grams of nitrogen are in the sample?

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4. What is the simplest formula for hexamethylenediamine? (YOU MUST SHOW YOUR WORK)

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006

Name ________________________________

F. (14 points) A strip of zinc metal is placed in an aqueous solution containing AgNO3

causing the following reaction to occur: Zn(s) + 2AgNO3(aq) 2Ag(s) + Zn(NO3)2(aq)


1. If 2.00 grams of zinc metal reacts with an excess of AgNO3, how many moles of

silver can be produced?

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2. If 2.50 grams of silver nitrate reacts with an excess of zinc metal, how many

moles of silver can be produced?

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3. If 2.00 grams of zinc metal and 2.50 grams of silver nitrate react, how many

grams of silver can theoretically be produced?

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4. How many moles of the reactant present in excess remain after the complete

reaction?

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5. If the actual yield of Ag is 1.21 grams, what is the percent yield for the reaction?

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006 IV. (20 points)

Name ________________________________

A. (12 points) A student made the measurements below in order to obtain the density of an unknown solid. In the experiment, the volume of the flask is determined by finding the mass of mercury (a dense liquid) required to completely fill the empty flask. The following data is obtained:

Mass of flask + stopper Mass of flask + stopper + mercury Density of mercury Mass of flask + stopper + solid Mass of flask + stopper + solid + mercury
1. What is the volume of the flask?

49.5770 g 182.2263 g 13.5939 g/mL 131.2896 g 205.1045 g

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2. What is the mass of unknown solid?

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3. What is the volume of the unknown solid?

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4. What is the density of the unknown solid?

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CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006

Name ________________________________

B. (6 points) A solution is 12.0% of sodium hydroxide by mass and has a density of 1.131 g/mL. What volume of this solution (in mL) contains 3.50 g of sodium hydroxide?

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C. (2 points) Calculate the Rf value for the product on the chromatogram shown below.
10.5 cm

product

2.0 cm origin

4.5 cm 6.5 cm solvent front

R f = _______________________

CHEM 127, Exam I September 22, 2006 BONUS (15 points) All or nothing

Name ________________________________

The bonus should be done only after you have completed the main part of this exam and checked your work for errors. The time allotted for this exam does not include time for the bonus. (SHOW ALL WORK!) Trial and error solutions will not be accepted and method of solution should be logical. A 5.025 g sample of calcium is burned in air to produce a mixture of two ionic compounds, calcium oxide and calcium nitride. Water is added to this mixture. It reacts with calcium oxide to form 4.832 g of calcium hydroxide. How many grams of calcium nitride are formed?

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