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BSCE-2012 DEFINITIONS, NOTATIONS AND SYMBOLS

a As b c Ec Es fc fy FEM R M Mu CO W = depth of equivalent stress block, mm = area of steel reinforcement = width of compression face of member = distance from extreme compression fiber to neutral axis, mm = modulus of elasticity of concrete (mPa) = modulus of elasticity of steel (mPa) = specified compressive stress of concrete (mPa) = specified yield strength of steel (mPa) = ratio of tension reinforcement (As/bd) = balance steel ratio = strength reduction factor = fixed end moments = reaction = moment = factored moment at section =carry over = weight of the structure and other permanent attachments to the frame. Live load are loads that may change in magnitude and position. Live loads that move under their own power are called moving loads. Other live loads are those caused by wind, rain, earthquakes, soils, and temperature changes. Wind and earthquake loads are called lateral loads. Loads, factored load multiplied by appropriate load factors, used to proportion members by the strength design method. Moment Distribution Method is based on a method of successive approximations popularized by Hardy Cross. This method is applicable ta all types of rigid frame analysis. Reinforced concrete reinforced with no less than the minimum amount required, prestressed or nonprestressed, and designed on the assumption that two materials act together in resisting forces. Stirrups reinforcement used to resist shear and torsion stresses in a structural member: typically bars, wires or welded wire fabric (smooth or deformed) either single leg or bent into L, U, or rectangular shapes and located perpendicular to or at an angle to longitudinal reinforcement. The term stirrups is usually applied to lateral reinforcement flexural members and the term ties to those in compression members. Tie loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement. Wall member, usually vertical, used to enclose or separate spaces.

Beam a beam is a bar subjected to forces or couples that lie in a plane containing the longitudinal of a bar. Column member with a ratio of height to least lateral dimension of 3 or greater used primarily to support axial compressive load. Development length - length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of reinforcement at a critical section. Loads - classified as dead loads or live loads. Dead load - are loads of constant magnitude and position. This consists mainly of the weight

Reinforced Concrete Design-I

BSCE-2012
Loads forces or other actions that result from the weight of all building materials, occupants and their possessions, environmental effects, differential movement, and restrained dimensional changes. It is classified as dead loads or live loads. Dead load - are loads of constant magnitude and position. This consists mainly of the weight of the structure and other permanent attachments to the frame. Live load are loads that may change in magnitude and position. It is the load produced by the use and occupancy of the building or other structure that does not include construction or environmental loads, such as wind load, snow load, rain load, earthquake load, flood load, or dead load. Live loads that move under their own power are called moving loads. Roof liveload a load on a roof produced (1)during maintenance by workers, equipment, and materials and (2)during the life of the structure by movable objects such as planters or other similar small decorative appurtenances that are not occupancy related. Factored loads the product of the nominal load and a load factor.

Reinforced Concrete Design-I