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# Universidad Nacional

Federico Villarreal
Facultad de Educacin

Matemtica - Fsica

MATEMATICA
PURA

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
Toribio Crdova C.

TEMAS:
LMITES
CONTINUIDAD
DERIVADAS

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Definicin de lmite.
+

a)

b)

+ =

Resolucin
a)

Resolucin

## > 0 , > 0 / x Dom f 0< | 1| < () 2 <

1

() 2 <

2 3 + 2 1
<
2 4 + 3 2

2 2 + 1
<
2( 2 4 + 3)

2 2 6 + 4 2 + 4 3

<
2( 2 4 + 3)

1
2

(1)2

(1)(3) <

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
1
2

| 1|

<

## Acotamos con la asntota

3 = 0 = 3 (Asntota)
| | < 0,1] 1 = 1

< 0,1]

1 < 1 < 1
0<<2

3 < 3 < 1

1
1
>
> 1
3 3

=1

1
1
| 1|
< | 1| < 2 = 2
3
2

= {, }

Rpta

b) + =

Resolucin

## > 0 , > 0 / x Dom f 0< | 1| < |() 2| <

|() 2| <

+ 3 2 <

+34

<
+ 3 + 2
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
1

<
+ 3 + 2
| 1|

+ 3 + 2

<

## Acotamos con el dominio

+ 3 >0

+ 3 > 0

+ 3 + 2 >2

<2

+3+2

| 1|
< | 1| < = 1
2
+ 3 + 2

2.

= { }

Rpta

Calcular () si existe.

F(x)=

+ + ; <

(. ())

; ,

Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

4+ + 3 ; < 1

F(x)=

1
; 1 , 0

1 (. ())2

= +

i.

4+ + 3

= 4 + (1) (2) + 0 3
= 4 + 2 3

< 1

= 4 (1) + 2 3

=0
ii.

+1 (. ())2

= 1 (1)(1)

=0 + 1

() < 0

() =

= 1

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

3.

Calcular :

+ + + + +

+ + + +

Resolucin

=
=

+ + + + +

+ + + +
3

5+

4
+103 +1++13+3

5+

## 2+ 263+ 152+ +177

4
+103 +1++13+3

5+ 4

5++ 2

26

2627
3

+ 26(3)+(32 )
+109

15

1516
4

+ 15 (2)+(22 )

+ + 1 + + 1
+10+3

+1 (+1)
(+1)
+
+
27
12
= 4
+1
6

+ + 1

Racionalizacin
( ) = ( )( + + + + )

27(+1)4(+1)9(+1)
108
+1
6

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

14(+1)
108
+1
6

14(+1)

= 18(+1) = 9

4.

++ + + +

+ +++

Rpta

Calcular:

a)

b)

( )

()( )

, >

Resolucin

a)

=
4

( 4 )
4

=+

( +
+

. Si

, entonces

()

=1

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

b)

cos()cos( )
2

()
2
()
2

(+)
+
2
2
(+)
2

; >

## UNFV BASE 2009

Propiedad
Cos A + Cos B = - 2sen

sen

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

5.

Resolucin
Se pide: L = lim

Area BTQ
(1)
Area PBC
cos tg(45 /2)

sec

N
45 /2

co
s

tg

co
s

1
C

x2 + y2 =
1

cos

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

De la figura:

Area BTQ =

BQ TM
.(2)
2

Area PBC =

PC NB
.(3)
2

Se observa: BQ
= 1+ csc ; TM
= cos; PC
= tg; NB
= cos tg 45

Area
=
BTQ

## (1+ csc )cos (1+ sen)cos

=
2
2sen

90
tgcos tg 45 tgcos tg

2=

2
Area PBC =
2
2
1 cos(90 )
tgcos
sen(90 ) tgcos(1 sen)
Area PBC
=
=
2
2cos

Sustituyendo en (1):

(1+ sen)cos
(1+ sen)cos
Area BTQ
2 sen
sen
L lim
=
= lim
= lim

## Area PBC tg cos (1 sen) sen (1 sen)

2
2
2
cos
2 cos
(1+ sen)(1+ sen) (1 sen)
(1+ sen)cos2
(1+ sen)(1 sen2 )
=
=
=
L lim
lim
lim
2
2

(1 sen) sen2
(1 sen)sen
(1 sen)sen

(1+ sen)2

sen2

180
Pero:=

L = lim

Entonces:

1+ sen [ ]2

[
]
[1+ sen(180 )]
1+ sen
2 = 1+1 = 2=
2
=
= lim
=
L lim
4
2
2
2

2
sen (180 )
sen
1

sen
2
2
2
2

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

10

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Calcular:

6.

+ ; si existe

Resolucin

Racionalizacin
( )

7 5

2 + 1
5

= Lim

x2+1

5 7 5
x x

=
A

x7 x5

x2+1 ()5

x7 x5

x7 x5

+ 2
+ x2+1 2 +
x +1
x7 x5
x2 +1

x5

5 x7 x5

x2 +1 3 + 4

5 x7 x5
2 + 2 + 2 2 + 2 3 + 4
x +1
x +1
x +1
x +1

= (a-b)

Factor Racionalizante

5 7 5
x x

= Lim

( + ++ + )

Recordar

5 x7 x5

5 x7 x5

7 5 5 ( 2 +1)
2 +1

5 7 5
2 + 2 + 2 2 + 2 3 + 4
+1
+1
+1
+1

( 2

5 7 5

7 5

+ 1)

## Toribio Crdova Condori

5 7 5

5 7 5

7 5 7 5

7 5

7 5

7 5

+ 2 +1 + 2 +1 2 + 2 +1 3 + 4
2 +1

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

11

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

5 7 5
2
+1
( 2 +1)

2 5

5 7 5
+ 2
+1

2
5 7 5
5 7 5
+ 2 2 + 2 3 + 4
+1
+1
2 5

5 75
5 7 5
2
1
2
2 +1

1 + 1
+ +1

+
1

5 7 5

7 +

5 7 5

+
5

7 5

7 7
7

5
+
7 7

7 +

2 5

5 7 5
2 +1
5

7 5

7 7
7

5
+
7 7

2
3

5 7 5

7 +

5 7 5
2 +1
5

5 7 5

7 5

7 7
7

5
+
7 7

2 +

+
2

7 +

7 5

7 7
7

5
+
7 7

3
3

+
3

4
4

2
()(5)

2
1
= 0
5

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

12

+ 1

=
=

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

7.

Resolucin

=
( )

## La definicin del lmite de f ( x ) =

lim

1 x

x 2 ( x 2)2

1 x
cuando f(x) tiende a , si x tiende a 2 es:
( x 2)2

=
f (x)

Si 0 < x 2 < 1 =

1 x
< M ...(1)
( x 2)2

1
1
1
1
3
< x 2 < < x 1<
2
2
2
2
2

## Como: ( x 2)2 > 0; siendo x 2 multiplicamos la expresin anterior por:

1
x 1
3
<
<
2
2
2( x 2) ( x 2) 2( x 2)2

3
1 x
1
...(2)
<
<
2
2
2( x 2) ( x 2)
2( x 2)2

1
< M
2( x 2)2

2( x 2)2 <

1
>M
2( x 2)2

1
1
1
( x 2)2 <
x 2 <
M
2M
2M

1
( x 2)2

1
2M

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

13

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

8.

## UNFV BASE 2009

= { ; } = ;

Rpta

Calcular:
( ) + ( ) + .

( )
Resolucin
2
Sea f ( x ) = ( tgx 2senx ) +3 senx .tgx sen x + 0, 5sen2x

x (1 senx + cosx )

Reduciendo la funcin:

senx
1

2 + senx .
sen2 x + 0, 5 2senx .cosx
senx
cosx
cosx

f (x ) =
x 3(1 senx + cosx )

senx
1

2+
senx + cosx
senx
cos
cos
x
x

f (x ) =
x 3(1 senx + cosx )
senx
1

1+
1 senx + cosx
senx
x
x
cos
cos

f (x ) =
x 3(1 senx + cosx )
cosx senx
1

+
1 senx + cosx
senx
cosx cosx cosx

f (x ) =
3
x (1 senx + cosx )
1 cosx + senx

(1 cosx + senx )
senx
cosx

f (x ) =
3
x (1 cosx + senx )

1
senx (1 cosx + senx )
cosx

f (x ) =
3
x (1 cosx + senx )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

14

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1 cosx senx
2x
senx
(1 cosx ) tgx 2sen 2

cos
x

cos

x
=
=
f (x ) =
3
3
3

x
x
x
sen2
sen2
sen2
tgx
tgx
1 tgx
2 =
2 =
2
f (x ) =

2
2
2
2
2
x
x
x
2
x
x
x
4

2
2

Reemplazando en el lmite:
1 tgx

lim f ( x ) = lim
x0
x0 2
x

x
x
sen2
sen2
x
1
tg
2
= lim
2 = 1 1 1
lim
2
2
x0
x0
x
2
2
x
x

2
2

9.

() =

Rpta

() = | + | +

||

## Bosqueje el grfico de f mostrando sus asntotas.

Resolucin
El dominio de la funcin f(x) ser:
)
Domf ( x =

{x

/ x 4 0}=

{x

/ x 4}= {x / x 4 x 4}

Redefiniendo la funcin:

= 5, = 0 ( 0)

Se tienen 3 intervalos:
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

15

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

x < 5

x+5 = ( x + 5)

f1( x ) = ( x + 5) +
5 x < 0

x >0

x =
x

5
; x < 5
x 4

x+5
= x +5

f2 ( x )= x + 5

## UNFV BASE 2009

x =
x

5
; 5 x < 0 , x 4
x +4

x+5 =x + 5

f3 ( x ) = x + 5 +

x =x

5
; x 0, x 4
x 4

Luego:

5

x + 5 + x + 4 ; x < 5

5
f ( x=
) x + 5
; 5 x < 0 , x 4
x
+4

5
; x 0, x 4
x + 5 +
x 4

Asntotas verticales:

## Las posibles asntotas verticales de la grfica de f(x) sern en los puntos de

acumulacin del dominio ( = 4).

5
5

lim f ( x ) =lim x + 5
=4 + 5 =1 + =+
x 4
x 4
x +4
0
5
5

lim + f ( x ) =lim + x + 5
=4 + 5 + =1 =
x 4
x 4
x +4
0

## = es una Asntota Vertical

5
5

lim f ( x ) =lim x + 5 +
=4 + 5 + =9 =
x 4
x 4
x 4
0

5
5

lim+ f ( x ) =lim+ x + 5 +
=4 + 5 + + =9 + =+
x 4
x 4
x 4
0

## = es una Asntota Vertical

Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

16

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Asntotas horizontales:

lim f ( x ) = lim x + 5 +
= + + 0 = +
x +
x +
x 4

lim f ( x ) = lim x + 5 +
= ( + 0 ) = +
x
x
x +4

## No tiene Asntota Horizontal

Asntotas oblicuas: = +
A.O.D:

x +5+

f (x )
m lim = lim
=
x + x
x +

b
=

lim f ( x ) mx
=

x +

5
x =
4

lim x + 5 +

x +

lim 1 + +

x +

x 4

A.O.I:

x
=

1
=
x ( x 4 )

lim 5 +

x +

5
= 5

x 4

y= x + 5

x + 5 +

f (x )
5
5

x
4

m =lim
=lim
=
lim 1 + +
=
1
x x
x
x
x
x x ( x + 4 )

b=

lim f ( x ) mx =

lim x + 5 +
+ x =
x +4

lim x 5

5
5

+ x = lim 5
= 5
x

x +4
x
4

y = x 5

Grfico:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

17

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
X=-4

X=4

-5

10.

() =

( ) ;

+ ( ); < <

## Determinar los puntos de discontinuidad. Determinar el

tipo de discontinuidad y si es posible redefinir la funcin
para evitar la discontinuidad.
Resolucin
Redefiniendo la funcin f(x). Para ello hallaremos:

1

## : 3 < < 0 1 <

Toribio Crdova Condori

< 0 = 1
3
3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

18

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## 8 < x 5 < 5 sgn( x 5) =1

x 3
x 3
1
; x 0, x 3
=
=
(
)(
)
x

3
x
+
2
x
+2
x x 6
2

Luego:

2 ;
x 3

f ( x ) = x 5 ; 3 < x < 0
1

;
x 0, x 3
x + 2

1 3 ;
x 3

f ( x )= x ( 1) + 5( 1) ; 3 < x < 0
1

x 0
;
x + 2

Graficando f(x):

1/2
-3

-2
3

-2

-5

## Se observa que la funcin es discontinua en x=0. El

tipo de discontinuidad es inevitable. Lo que me indica
que no es posible redefinir la funcin para hacerla
continua en dicho punto.
Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

19

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

11.

Resolver:
a) Sea () =

## b) Un automvil viaja de noche por una carretera en

forma de parbola con vrtice en el origen, el
vehculo parte de un punto a 100 m al oeste y a 100
m al norte del origen y viaja en

direccin general

## hacia el este. Hay una estatua a 100 m al este y 50

m al norte de origen en qu punto de la carretera
los faros del automvil la iluminaria?
Resolucin
a) Debemos redefinir la funcin en x=64 a fin de hacerla continua en dicho punto.

## Aplicamos lmite de una funcin cuando x tiende a 64:

=
lim f ( x )
x 64

3
6+ 6 x 2 0
=
lim
x 64
x 64
0

Levantando la indeterminacin:

(Forma indeterminada)

3
3
6+ 6 x 2
6 + 6 x 2 3 ( 6 + 6 x )2 + 3 6 + 6 x .2 + 22
=
= lim

lim f ( x ) lim
x 64
x 64
x 64
3
x 64
x 64
( 6 + 6 x )2 + 3 6 + 6 x .2 + 22

6+ 6 x 8
1

x 64 x 64
3
( 6 + 6 x )2 + 2 3 6 + 6 x + 4

=
lim f ( x ) lim
x 64

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

20

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

x 2 6 x 5 + 6 x 4 2 + 6 x 3 22 + ... + 25
lim f ( x ) lim
=

6
x 64
x 64 3
( 6 + 6 x )2 + 2 3 6 + 6 x + 4 x 64 6 x 5 + 6 x 4 2 + x 3 22 + ... + 25
6

x 64
1

6
x 64
x 64 3
( 6 + 6 x )2 + 2 3 6 + 6 x + 4 x 64 6 x 5 + 6 x 4 2 + x 3 22 + ... + 25
1
1
1
1
lim f ( x ) =

=
5
5
x 64
3
( 6 + 2)2 + 2 3 6 + 2 + 4 6 2 3 4 6 2
1

=
lim f ( x ) lim

lim f ( x ) =

x 64

1
2304

3 6 + 6 x 2

; x 64

f ( x ) = x 64
1
; x = 64
2304

b) Graficando:

Rpta

y
O

E
S

Partida

100
50

Estatua

100

-100
P(a,b)

## Ecuacin general de la parbola con vrtice en el origen:

y = ax 2 ...........................

(1)

2
Pero ( 100; 100 ) Parbola En la Ec.(1) : 100 =a( 100 ) a =

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

1
100

21

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
y =x 2 .............................. (2)
100

## Hallando la ecuacin de la recta LT de la iluminacin en el punto P:

Para ello consideramos el punto de paso (100; 50): (de la estatua)
y 50 = m( x 100 )
y = mx + 50 100m .............................

(3)

## Clculo de la pendiente m con la ecuacin de la parbola:

2
1
m =y =
x m= x
100
50

Reemplazando en (3):

y=

1 2
x 2x + 50 .........................(4)
50

1 2
1 2
x=
x 2x + 50
100
50

0=
x 2 200x + 5000

Resolviendo: x
=

=
2
2

## x = 100 50 2 x 1 = 100 50 2 x 2 = 100 + 50 2

En la ecuacin (2): y =

1
(100 50 2 )2 = (10 5 2 )2 = 150 100 2
100

(; ) = ( ; )

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

22

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

12.

## Hallar c y d para que f(x) sea continua:

x 2 + 8 3 x 2 24 x + 2
c
; x < 1
3 7 x + 5 x 2 4

f ( x ) = cd 1
; x = 1
2 5
31 x 6 x 8
d
; x > 1
3
26 x 5x 8

Resolucin
x 2 + 8 3 x 2 24 x + 2
d 2 ( 5 31 x 6 x 8)
; x < 1 f2 ( x )
Sea f1( x ) c
; x > 1
=
=
3
3 7 x + 5 x 2 4
x
x
26
5
8

## La funcin f(x) ser continua en x 0 =

1 se cumplen las tres condiciones siguientes:
i) f ( 1) =
cd 1

x 2 + 8 3 x 2 24 x + 2
d 2 ( 5 31 x 6 x 8)
=
lim+ 3
3 7 x + 5 x 2 4 x1
26 x 5 x 8

## ii) lim f1( x ) =

lim f2 ( x ) lim c
x 1

x 1+

x 1

x 2 + 8 3 x 2 24 x + 2
( x 2 + 8 3) ( 3 x 2 24 x + 2 3)

c
c
lim
=
lim f1( x ) lim
=

3
x 1
x 1
7 x + 5 x 2 4 x 1
( 3 7 x 2) + ( 5 x 2 2)

( x 2 + 8 3)

x 1

x 1

x 1

x 1

## Toribio Crdova Condori

x2 +8 +3

( 3 7 x 2)

x2 +8 9
lim f1( x ) = c lim

x2 +8 +3

( 3 x 2 24 x + 2 3)

( x 2 24 x + 2)2 + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 32

( x 2 24 x + 2)2 + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 32

(7 x )2 + 2 3 7 x + 22

(7 x )2 + 2 3 7 x + 22

+ ( 5 x 2 2)

5 x 2 +2
5 x 2 +2

x 2 24 x + 2 27

( x 2 24 x + 2)2 + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 32
[7 x 8]
5 x2 4
+
3
(7 x )2 + 2 3 7 x + 22
5 x2 +2

x2 +8 +3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

23

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
x 2 1
lim f1( x ) = c lim

x 1

x 1

x 1

x 1
x 1

( x +1) ( x 25)

x 25

( x 24 x + 2) + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 9
1
x 1

2
3
3
(7 x ) + 2 7 x + 4
5 x2 +2

x +8 +3

x 1

( x 24 x + 2)2 + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 9
( x +1) ( x 1)
( x +1)

3
(7 x )2 + 2 3 7 x + 4
5 x2 +2

x +8 +3

## lim f1( x ) = c lim

x 2 24 x 25

( x 2 24 x + 2)2 + 3 3 x 2 24 x + 2 + 9
( x +1)
( x 2 1)
+
3
(7 x )2 + 2 3 7 x + 4
5 x2 +2

x2 +8 +3

( x +1) ( x 1)
x 1

## UNFV BASE 2009

Evaluando el lmite:

2 26
1 26
17

+
68
6 3(9)
lim f1( x ) =
c
c 3 27 =
c 27 = c
=
1 1
5 45
1 2
x 1

+
3(4) 2(2)
12 2
12

5
31 x 6 x 8 2
( 5 31 x 2) 6( x +1)
2
=
lim+ f2 ( x ) d=
lim+ 3
d lim+ 3
x 1
x 1
x 1 ( 26 x 3) 5( x +1)
26 x 5 x 8

( 5 31 x 2)

lim f2 ( x ) = d

x 1+

lim

x 1+

## (31 x )4 + 5 (31 x )3 .2 + ... + 24

( 3 26 x 3)

(26 x )2 + 3 3 26 x + 32

(26 x )2 + 3 3 26 x + 32

6( x +1)

5( x +1)

31 x 32

lim f2 ( x ) = d

x 1+

lim

x 1+

## Toribio Crdova Condori

6( x +1)
(31 x )4 + 5 (31 x )3 .2 + ... + 24
26 x 27
5( x +1)
3
(26 x )2 + 3 3 26 x + 32

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

24

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

( x +1)

lim f2 ( x ) = d

x 1+

lim

x 1+

6 ( x +1)
(31 x )4 + 5 (31 x )3 .2 + ... + 24
( x +1)
5 ( x +1)
3
(26 x )2 + 3 3 26 x + 32

1
lim f2 ( x ) = d

x 1+

lim

x 1+

## (31 x )4 + 5 (31 x )3 .2 + ... + 24

1
5
3
(26 x )2 + 3 3 26 x + 32

Evaluando el lmite:

1
1
481
6
6
4
48127
=d 2 80
=d 2 80 =d 2
lim+ f2 ( x ) =d 2 52
1
1
136
x 1
80136
5
5
2
27
27
33

lim f ( x ) =
lim f1( x ) =
lim+ f2 ( x )
x 1

x 1

cd 1
iii) lim f ( x ) =
x 1

x 1

68
48127
c=
d 2
cd 1
=
45
80 136

Igualando:

45
68
c = c d 1 d =
68
45

1 = 2 .

48127
80136

Rpta
1 48127

= .

80136

68
48127
c=
d 2
45
80136

68 48127

45 80136

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

25

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

13.

## Halle el rea de la regin comprendida por la recta

tangente normal a la curva cuya ecuacin es + +

## = en el punto (1;2) y la asntota oblicua derecha a

la grfica de la funcin:

+ +
() =
+ +

Resolucin
7 en el
Sean LT y LN rectas tangente y normal respectivamente a la curva x 2 + xy + y 2 =

punto (1;2).

Entones:

y= mx + 2 m ..

(1)

1
1
1
( x 1) y = x + 2 + ..
m
m
m

(2)

LT : y 2= m( x 1)

LN : y 2 =

Calculando m:

7
Derivando implcitamente la ecuacin de la curva x 2 + xy + y 2 =
2 x + y + xy + 2 yy = 0 ( x + 2 y ) y = - (2 x + y )

y = m = -

2x + y
x +2y

2(1) + 2
4
=
1+ 2(2)
5

4 14
5 3
LT : y =
x+
LN : y =x +
5
5
4 4

## Calculando ahora, la asntota oblicua derecha a la grfica de la funcin:

Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

26

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
=
f (x)

2 x 3 + 3 x +1
+ x2 +6
2
x x 6

## Sea la ecuacin de la asntota oblicua derecha de f(x):

=
y ax + b

.(3)

Hallando a y b:

2 x 3 + 3 x +1
+ x2 +6
2
2 x 3 + 3 x +1
f (x)
x2 +6
6
x
x

a lim
=

= lim
= lim
+
x + x
x +
x + x ( x 2 x 6)
x
x

3 1
6
3 1

x 3 2 + 2 + 3 x 1+ 2
2+ 2 + 3
x
x x =
x x + 1+ 6
+
a = lim
lim
1 6
x +
x +
x
1 6
x2
1 2
x 3 1 2
x x
x x

=
a

Evaluando:

2+0+0
+ 1+ 0
=
a 3
1 0 0

2 x 3 + 3 x +1

) ax ] lim 2
b lim [f ( x=
=
+ x 2 + 6 3x
x +
x + x x 6

2
2

2 x 3 + 3 x +1

## ( x 2 + 6 x ) lim 2 x 2 +15 x +1+ ( x 2 + 6 x ) x 2 + 6 + x

b lim 2
=
2 x +=
x + x x 6

x + x x 6
x + 6 + x

2 15 1

x 2 + x + x 2

2 x 2 +15 x +1 x 2 + 6 x 2
6
b lim 2
+
lim
=
+
=

2
x +
x +
1
6

x
x
6

2
6

x
x
6
+
+

x 1 2 x 1+ +1

x x
x 2

2 6
=2 + 0 b =2
1 2

## Evaluando el lmite se obtiene: b = +

En la ecuacin (3):

=
y 3x +2

## Con las rectas obtenidas, determinamos sus puntos de interseccin:

4 14
5 3
LT : y =
x+
LN : y =x +
5
5
4 4

A.O.D: y =+
3x 2

4 50
5 1
Resolviendo se obtienen: (1;2), ; , ;
19 19 7

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

27

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
LT

A.O.D.

LN

B 4 ; 50
19 19

(1;2)

f (x)

5 1
;
7 7

## Finalmente el rea sombreada:

Area =

AB AC
(4)
2

AB=

4 50
1 + 2 =
19 19

AC =

5 1
1+ + 2 + =
7 7

En (1):

14.

15 12 3 41
+ =
19
19 19
2

12 15 3 41
+ =
7
7 7

Rpta

Sea

x 3 nx +1

2 nx +1
=
f (x)
cos
sen
+1

4 + mx nx
nx

f (x)=
Hallar n m si: xlim
+
2

1
24

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

28

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
Transformando f(x):

f (x)
=

x 3 nx +1

2 nx +1
cos
sen
+1

4 + mx nx
nx

=
f (x)

x 3 nx +1
2 nx +1
2 nx +1
2 nx +1
cos
sen
+ sen
+ cos

4 + mx nx
nx
nx
nx

=
f (x)

x 3 nx +1
2 nx +1
cos
+ cos

4 + mx nx
nx
3

x
nx +1
nx +1
f ( x ) =cos
1+ cos

4 + mx
nx
nx

x3
nx +1
2 nx +1
f ( x ) = cos
2cos

4 + mx
nx
2nx
=
f (x)

(x)
f=

2x3
1 1

cos + cos +

nx 2 2nx
x +m
x

2x2
1
1
cos sen

4
nx
2nx
+m
x

1
sen2

2 x
1
1 2
1
2nx
f ( x ) = cos sen2
=

cos

4
1
nx
2nx 4 + m
nx
+m
x
x
x2
2

1
1
1
sen2
sen
2

2
1
2nx =2n cos 1
2nx
f ( x ) = cos

4
1

nx 4n2 1 4 + m
nx
+m

2 2
x
x
x
2n

4n x

x +

1
24
2

1
1
sen
2

1
1
2nx =
lim 2n cos

1
x + 4
24

nx
+m

x
2nx

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

29

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1
1
2n2 (1)(1)2 =

m
24

Rpta

15.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Calcular:

+ | + |
| + + |

Resolucin

Dominio | 2 + 6 + 5| > 0| 2 + 6 + 5| = 2 + 6 + 5
lim

1+

2 + 2 | + 5|
| 2 + 6 + 5|

1+ > 1

lim

1+

2 + 2 | + 5|
| 2 + 6 + 5|

= lim+
1

= lim+
1

+5>4
3

+1 >0

lim+

x1

(x + 5)(x + 1)

lim+
x1

| + 5|| + 1|

| + 5| = + 5

| + 1| = + 1

2 + 2 1 + 5 2 ( 2)( + 1)
( + 5)( + 1)

## Dividiendo entre + 1 = ( + 1)2

x 2 x + 2 1

2 + 2 | + 5|

x + 5 2

(x + 5)(x + 1)

+ lim+
x1

(x 2)(x + 1)

(x + 5)(x + 1)

. ()

3 3 = ( )(2 + + 2
3

= + 2 = 1
3

+ 2 1 = + 2 1( ( + 2)2 + + 2 + 1)
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

30

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
3

+ 2 1 =

lim +

## UNFV BASE 2009

+1

( + 2)2 + + 2 + 1

+1
.3
= lim
3
( + 5)( + 1) ( + 2)2 + + 2 + 1 1+

lim+

( + 5) 2

( + 5) + ( + 1)

( + 5)( + 1) ( + 5) + ( + 1)
= lim+
1

lim +

(2)(+1)

= lim +

+ 1

( + 5)( +

= lim+
1

( + 5) ( + 5) + 2

(2)

1 +5

1 (+5)(+1)

2 ( + 1)
2)2

+ + 2 + 1

=0

( + 5)( + 1) + 1
( + 5) + 2

=0

=0

En *

16.

+|+|
++

==

Rpta

Calcular.
Hallar la derivada de:

() = ( )

Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

31

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

3

=( 1 )

() = 3 2 ()

() = ( 3 2 )()
3

() = 3 2 . ( 1 ).

(1).
() = 3 2 ( ). 3
3 ( 1 )2

() =

17.

( ).

( )

Rpta

correspondencia
+ +
+

F(x)=

; < 1

+ + ;
Resolucin
F(x) =

lim

(+)()

X0 = 1

(1 la derivada )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

32

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

() (1)
1
1

()lim

() lim+
1

( 3 + 2 5 + 3) (1 + 2)
1

X>1

() = lim+
1

3 + 2 5 + 3 + 1
1

3 + 2 5 + 4
() = lim+
1
1
1
1

-5

b+1

1 b+1

( ) = lim+
1

4-b
b-4

b-4

(1) 2 +(+1)+(4)
1

1 + b + 1 + b - 4 = 2b 2 (1)

() =
1

X<1

() = lim
1

2 ++1
+

+1

( + 1)( 2 + + 1) 3( + )
( 1)( + )( + 1)

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

33

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
() = lim
1

() = lim
1

( + 1) 2 + ( + 1) + ( + 1) 3 3
( 1)( + )( + 1)
( + 1) 2 + ( 2) + (1 2)
( 1)( + )( + 1)
a+1

1
a+1

( ) = lim

a-2

1-2a

a+1

2a - 1

2a - 1

(1)[(+1)+(21)]
(1)(+)(+1)

+1+21
+1

+1

..(2)

## f(1) =1+b-5+3 = b-1

() = lim+ 3 + 2 5 + 3 = 1 + 2 = 1
1

() = lim+

() = ()
2b 2 =

+1

2 ++1
+

+1

2(b - 1)(a + 1) = 3a

2(ab + b a + 1) = 3a
2ab + 2b - 2a + 1 = 3a

2ab + 2b + 1 = 5a

.()

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

34

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
( 3 ) =( 4 )
b-1 =

+1

## UNFV BASE 2009

(b - 1)(a + 1) = 3

ab + b - a - 1 = 3
ab + b a = 4
ab + b = 4 + a
2ab +2b = 8 +2a

en

(8 + 2a) + 1 = 5a
9 = 3a

a=3

Rpta

6b +2b=8+6
8b = 14

b=

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

35

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

18.

Calcular

F(x)=

+ +

;
+

> 1 < 1

## Hallar f(x) suponiendo que f(x) existe sobre el

dominio de f(x)

Resolucin

Para x0 = -1

() (1)
2 + + ( + )
= lim+
1
1
+1
+1

_(1) = lim

2 + + + )
lim
1+
+1
lim+

lim+

lim+

( 2 1) + ( + 1)
+1

( + 1)( 1) + ( + 1)
+1

( 1) +
= (1 1) + = 2
1
+` (1) = 2

() (1)
(1) lim
= lim
1
1
+1
Toribio Crdova Condori

1 2 0

1+ 2

+1

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

36

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
lim

## UNFV BASE 2009

1 2
( 1)( + 1) (1 1) 2
= lim
=
= =1
2
(1 + )( + 1) 1 (1 + 2 )( + 1)
1+1
2
(1) = 1

+ (1) = _(1)

B 2A = 1 .(1)

Para x0 = 1

() (1)
+ (1) lim+
= lim+
1
1
+1
lim

1 2 0

1+ 2

( 1)( + 1) 2
=
= 1
(1 + 2 )( 1)
2
+ (1) = 1

() (1)
2 + + ( + + )
= lim
_(1) = lim
1
1
1
1

lim

2 + + )
1
lim

lim

( 2 1)( 1)
1

( + 1)( 1) + ( 1)
1
lim

( + 1) +
1

_(1) = 2 +

B +2A = -1 .(2)

B= 0 y A = -1/2

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

37

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

19.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Si:
3

f (2 x +1)
=
Halle:

2 x 2 + 6 x 16 ; y= f ( x + 3); u=

3x +3

dy
en x = 2
du

Resolucin
Se pide

dy
du

dy dy dx

..
du dx du

Pero: =

Calculando la derivada:
De:

Luego:

(1)

dy
dx

=
y f ( x + 3) Sea: g( x ) = x + 3 g( x ) =3 x D x x + 0
2 x
g( x )= 3 x = 3 x x
x

dy
= f ( g( x )) g( x ) (2)
dx

y= f ( g( x ))

## Por otro lado como f (2 x +=

1)

( x + 3) + 4 ( x + 3) 37
=
2

Entonces: f ( g( x ))
=

2 x 2 + 6 x 16 f (=
x)

x 2 + 4 x 37
2
3

x + 6 x + 9 + 4 x +12 37
2

x +10 x 16
3
f ( g( x )) =
2

dy
=
Reemplazando
en (2):
dx

Calculando la derivada:

x +10 x 16
2

3 x x ..

(3)

dx
du

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

38

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

De u =

3x +3 x =

dy
=
du

u2 3
dx 2u 2 3 x + 3

=
=

3
du 3
3

(4)

x +10 x 16
2 3x +3
3 x x
2
3

dy
=
du

26 +10 23 16
2 32 + 3
32 2
2
3

20.

= Rpta

+ ( + )

Resolucin
2 (1/2)

lim

(+1/2 ) (2+ )

i)

ii)

||2 |(1/)|

|+1/2||2+ |
1 =

<

2 (1/)

( +1/2) (2+)

0 /<

1 1

2 2

1 =

1
4

## Toribio Crdova Condori

en i) lo reemplazamos:

1, 2, 3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

39

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

En tenemos:

|| <

iii)

||2 |(1/)|

|+1/2||2+ |

1
1
<<
4
4

||2 . 1 (1/)

<+2<4
4
4>
1

1
2

1>
2

< 4

1 . 1

1
+
2

<

. . 2+ <

4
3
()2 . 1.4.1 <

(1)

2. 4 <

1

< 1 .. (2)

| |< 1

-1 <sen x < 1

1 <sen x + 2 < 3

+2

< 1 .. (3)

= ,

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

40

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

21.

## Para que valores de a y b se cumple:

=

Resolucin

= 2 1 ( = 0

2 1 (+) ( 2 1+(+
2 1 +(+)

2 1 ( + )2

x< 0

1 + ( + )

=0

=0

2 1 2 2 2 2

2 1 + ( + )

=0

2 (1 2 ) (1 + 2) (1 + 2 )
1

||1

+ +

2 (1 2 ) (1 + 2) (1 + 2 )
1

+ +

=0

=0

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

41

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1 2 = 0
= 1

[(1 + 2) (2 + 1)]
1

1 + 2 = 0,

1 + 2(1) = 0

22.

+ +

Rpta

Calcule el +
+

Resolucin
Transformando la diferencia de senos a producto.

Se tiene:

+1 +

+ 1 = 2

+ 1 = 2 (

+1 +

+1
2

) . (

+1
2

+1
+

=0

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

42

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

+1

2
+

=0

+1

= 0 .. (2)

+ 1

23.

+ =

Rpta

## Calcule los valores de a. Si:

||

Resolucin
| | 2 + + 2 | || + |

= 25

| |
(|2 + + 2 | | + |) = 25

Sabemos 2 + + 2 0

Si + 0
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

43

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

2 + + 2 ( + ) = 25

2 + + 2 = 25

Reemplazando: 2 + . + 2 = 25

32 2 25 = 0

+ < 0

Rpta

2 + + 2 + + = 25

Reemplazando:

2 + . + 2 + + = 25
32 + 2 25 = 0

24.

Rpta

() =

+ +
+ + ; > 1
+
+ +
+ + , < 1
+

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

44

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
Asintota vertical (derecha)

3 +3+5
2 +6

3(1)3+5

+ 2 + 4 =

1+1 +6

3 +2 +1
2 +1

+ 2 + 9 =

(1)+1+1

## Asintota Horizontal (Derecha)

3 +3+5

+ 2 +6

1+1 +6

+ 2 + 4 =

+ 1 + 4 = + 5 = . . ()
8

+ 1 + 9 = + 10 = . . ()
2

3 +3+5

+ 2 +6

32 15 + 5
2 + 6

3 + 2 + 4 + 3

+ 2 + 4 + 3 =

. . (DERECHA)

15

2
6

+ 31 +

Asintota Horizontal

3 + 2 + 1
2

+1

2 + + 1
2 + 1

+ 9 =

3 + 2 + 1

+ 2 + 9 =

= 1 + 2 () = 1 + 0 = 1

+1

1+

1+ +

2
1

+ + 2 + 9
+

1 +

+ 1

. . (IZQUIERDA)

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

45

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## ASINTOTA OBLICUA DERECHA ( y = mx+ b )

3 3 + 3 + 5
3 2 + 3 + 5 2 + 4
2 + 4 =

+ 2 + 6
+

2 + 6

3 + 3 + 5
1 + 4
2
3

=
+
+ 1 1 + 6

3 3 + 3 + 5
3 3 + 3 + 5
= 2
+ 2 + 4 4x = 2
3x + 2 + 4 x
+ + 6
+ + 6
3 3 + 3 + 5 3 3 + 3 2 18
+ 2 + 4
+
2 + 6

3 2 15 + 5
4
+

2
+ + 6
2 + 4 +

3 15 + 5

4
2

= 3+0= 3
=
+
+ 1 1 + 6
4
1
x1 + 2 +

=
= +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

46

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

=

1 3 + 2 + 1 2
2 + + 1 2 + 9
+

+
9

2 + 1
2 + 1

1+ + 3

1

1+ 2

1+ 9

= 1 1 = 2

3 + 2 + 1
3 + 2 + 1
2 + 9 + 2x =

=
+

+ x + 2 + 9 + x

2 + 1
2 + 1
3 + 2 + 1 + 3 +
2 + + 1
2 + 9 + x =

=
+

+ 2 + 9 + x

2 + 1
2 + 1
=

+1+ + 2

1
1+ 2

+ x 1 +

+ = 1 + 1 +

+ 1 = 1 =

. . (IZQUIERDA)

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

47

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

25.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Hallar:
a) Sea la funcin f definida por:
() =

||

, > > 0

b)

Halle

los

enteros

positivos

que

son

extremos

## superiores e inferiores para:

() =
Resolucin
a) () =

2 1
||

f(x) =

, > > 0
2 1

2 1

Analizando la continuidad

, >
, <

()

>

2 1
||

= +

2 1

2 +1

= +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

48

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

2 1

( 2 )1

2 +1

2 +1
2

+() ()

() ()

b) () =

() = 3 2 3 = 0

= 3( 2 1) = 0

= 3( 1)( 1) = 0
= 1 , = 1 ( )

Max

x< -1
>0

x>1

-1 < x < 1
-1

f creciente

Min

< 0

f decreciente

-1

> 0

f creciente

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

49

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

puntos crticos

() = (, )
() = (, )

26.

( ) =

, =

, < 6

, >

## Hallar a, b y c de modo que f sea continua en todos

los , si c es natural.
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

50

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
Hallemos la continuidad en x = 6
i)

ii)

(6) = .. (1)

2 35 1
2 35 1 2 35 1

.
= +
2 35 1
6+
6 ( )( 2 35 1)
( )

>6
>6
+

( + 6) ( 6)

( ) ( 2 35 1)

6
<6

( + 6) ( 6)

( 6) ( 2 35 + 1)

C=6

6+6
12
6
=
=
(1 1) 2

(3 2 + 15)
3

+ 2 2

2(6)
3

## 9+3 2+15+ (2+15)2

6
6
3
3
(+2)2 +2 +2 +4

2( ( + 2)2 + 2 + 2 + 4)
3

9 + 3 2 + 15 + 2 (2 + 15)2

1 2(12) 8
.
=

27
9

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

51

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

() = ()

6+

6 8
=
9

iii)

27

(6) =

(2)

() = ()

6+

ab2 = 6

27 2

= 36 (de (2) )

3 . 272
=6
16
3 =

96

729

27.

, =

Rpta

= ( + ) ( ) (, )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

52

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
( 2 2 ) = [( + 1)2 (4 2 )]

## 2 2 + 2 (2) = 2( + 1)(4 2 ) + [( + 1)2 (2 )]

2 2 + 2 2 = 2( + 1)(4 2 ) 2( + 1)2

2 2 + 2( + 1)2 = 2( + 1)(4 2 ) 2 2
(2 + 2( + 1)2 ) = 2( + 1)(4 2 ) 2 2

(0,

2(+1)4 2 (2 2 )
2+2 (+1)2

## 2(2 + 1)[4 (2)] [0((2)2 ]

2) =
2 [0 (2)] + 2(2) (2 + 1)2

(0, 2) = 0

// eje x

+=

Rpta

## 28. Un tenedor de alambre trepa a un poste telefnico a

razn de 2,5 pies/seg., mientras su jefe est sentado a
la sombra de un rbol est observndolo. Si el terreno
est lleno y el jefe est a 36 pies de la base del poste
cuntos segundos tiene que trepar el tendedor para que
su distancia entre l y su jefe crezca a razn de un
pie/seg.

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

53

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin

1=36 + t

Sabemos que:

1 = 36 +

= 1 p/s

= 2.5

= 2.5 p/s

De la figura : 1 = 362 + 2
1
1
= (362 + 2 )2 . (2). 9
2

=
.
362 + 2
2362 + 2 = 5

4(362 + 2 ) = 252
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

54

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

722 = 212
4(72)2

25(21)

29.

= 2.5 2

= 2

Rpta

= +

## Hallar la n-sima derivada de y.

Resolucin
= 2. + ( + ) = 2 +

= 211 2 + (1 1) + + + 1
2
2

= 22 + 2

= 221 2 + (2 1) + 2 + (2 1) + + 2
2
2
2
= 42 2 ( + ) = 42 3

= 231 2 + (3 1) + 3 + (3 1) + + 3
2
2
2
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

55

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

= 82 4 +

= 241 2 + (4 1) + 4 + (4 1) + + 4
2
2
2
= 162 + 4 + ( + ) = 82 + 5 +

= 251 2 + (5 1) + 5 + (5 1) + + 5
2
2
2
Generalizando

= + ( ) + + ( ) + +

Rpta

## Posee una discontinuidad evitable en x=2 para ciertos valores de a y b

Halle los valores de A y B analizar la discontinuidad.

ii)

lim ()

0

Ejemplo:
i)

(2) =

44+

(8+428)

9620

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

56

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

ii)

iii)

44+

2 (8+428)

f(x)

9620

## denominado, y es continua en x = 2, pero los valores sern

opuestos.

f(x) =

Para:

2 2+

2 2 + , existe a

3 + 2 14

3 + 2 14 0

x ( 2 + 14) 14 , 2
2(2+b) 14
b 5

a = k1

b=5

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

57

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

30.

## UNFV BASE 2009

La funcin () = + +

## Tiene un asntota oblicua, Para qu valores de P?

Resolucin
Para poseer asntota oblicua debe cumplir:

() =

i)

ii) [() ] =

Para el problema:

i)

1+ 2 +

ii) 1 + 2 + 1x =

1+

2 +1+px + 1

11 2 + 2 +

1+

1+ 2 + +

1
+

2 +1++1

+1+ =1

1+

|| 2 +1+ +

=+

## La funcin f(x) va tener una asntota oblicua para

cualquier valor de P.

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

58

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

31.

Calcular y > 1 + = , ( )

Resolucin
2

+ = 42

+ 2 + =16

+ = 14

+ =0

( + ) = 0

2 . + 1

( 1 2 ) = 2 1

=
=

2 1
1 2
2 2
2
2
2
2

2 2 (2 )
2 ( 2 2 )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

59

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

= 1

= 1 2

= .

32.

Rpta

## Determinar el punto de interseccin de la recta

L : 2x + y 5 = 0, con la recta Tangente a la grfica
de la curva
Resolucin

2 + 2 = 0 en el punto Po (1,0)
: 2 + 5 = 0

2 + 2 = 0

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

60

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
1

1ra. Derivada:
(. 1 )1
1+

2
2

12

1 ( 2 + 2 )

2 2 + 2

Luego:

2
1+

. =

## UNFV BASE 2009

1

2 + 2

2 + 2

=0

=0

=
+0
1

1+0
10

=1

=1

= + 1 = 0

Se intersecta con

=2 ,

=1

2 + 5 = 0

(; )

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

61

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## 33. Analice y clasifique los puntos de discontinuidad de la

funcin f(x) en su dominio sealando los resultados del
anlisis sobre la grfica de f(x) donde:

, <2
||

() =

( ) ,

<

>

Resolucin
2

9

2 1||

+ 2

2
9

2 1+

( 3)

1+2

16
9

2
3

= 2 (2 3)2 =
9

16
9

(4) = 4

2 9 ( 3) = 2 9 =

(4 ) = 4 4 = 0

4 +

16
9

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

62

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

[( ) ]

( )

34.

Resolucin

Reduciendo la funcin:
1

I =

(sec )2
1

I =

I =

(sec )2
(tan x)3

(sec )4

(sec )2

En I:
I =

(tan x)3

=
4

(sec )

(tan x)2

(sec )

tan sec =
5

(sec x)2

(sec

(sec
5

x)

x)5

tan sec

## I = [(sec x)3 (sec x)5 ](sec )

I = (sec x)3 (sec )

( )

( )

(sec x)2
2

(sec x)4
4

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

63

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

35.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
Hallando fracciones:

1 + 2 2 3 +
+
=
+
+
( 2 + 1)2
( 2 + 1) ( 2 + 1)2

## 1 x + 2x 2 x 3 A(x 4 + 2x 2 + 1) + (Bx + C)(x 3 + x) + (Dx + E)x

=
x(x 2 + 1)2
x(x 2 + 1)2
3 + 2 2 + 1 = 4 + 2 2 + + 4 2 + 3 + + 2 +

0 4 1 3 + 2 2 + 1 = ( + ) 4 + 3 + (2 + + ) 2 + ( + ) +
Igualando coeficientes:
A+B=0

B = -1

C = -1 2A + B + D = 2

C = -1

D=1

C + E = -1

A=1

E=0

A=1

Remplazando:
1 x + 2x 2 x 3 1
x+1
x
=

+
x(x 2 + 1)2
x (x 2 + 1) (x 2 + 1)2

= 2 + 1
= 2

=
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

64

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
Integrando cada fraccin:
1 + 2 2 3
=
( 2 + 1)2

1 + 2 2 3
=
( 2 + 1)2

1 + 2 2 3
=
( 2 + 1)2
+
( +)

36.

+1

( 2 + 1)

## UNFV BASE 2009

( 2

+ 1)2

( 2 + 1)

+
+
2
2
( + 1)
( + 1)

1
2

1
1 1
|| | 2 + 1| +
+
2
2 (1)

|| +

( +)

Rpta

Resolucin
Hallando fracciones:
2 3 + 7
Ax + B
Cx + D
= 2
+ 2
2
2
2
( 4 + 6)
(x 4x + 6)
(x 4x + 6)
2 3+7
( 2 4+6)2

## Toribio Crdova Condori

(Ax+B)+(Cx+D)x2 4x+6
(x2 4x+6)2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

65

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

2 3 + 7 = + + 3 4 2 + 6 + 2 4 + 6
2 3 + 7 = + + 3 4 2 + 6 + 2 4 + 6

2 3 + 7 = 3 + 2 ( 4) + ( + 6 4) + ( + 6)

Igualando coeficientes:
C=0

C=0

D - 4C = 1

D=1

A + 6C - 4D = -3

A=1

B + 6D = 7

B=1

Remplazando:

2 3 + 7
x+1
1
= 2
+ 2
2
2
2
( 4 + 6)
(x 4x + 6)
(x 4x + 6)

## Integrando cada funcin:

I=

I=

I=

2 3+7

( 2 4+6)2
2+3

2 4+6

2 4+6

*
Toribio Crdova Condori

+
2

2 4+6

2 4+6

**

2 4+6

***

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

66

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

*:

En

1 du
=
2 u2

1 2
11
u du =
+
2
2u

= 2 4 + 6

= (2 4)

= ( 2)
2

En

(x 2

** :

3
=
4x + 6)4

dx

(x 2 4x + 6)4

Sea:
tan =

2
2

2tan = 2

2tan = ( 2)

2(sec )2 () = ()

(x

2(sec )2 ()

= 3

2tan +2
32 (sec )2 ()
4 [sec ]4

=
=

= 3

dx

2)2

+ 2

32
4

32

(sec )2 ()

[(tan )2 +1]2

sin 2
4

() +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

+
67

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

En

***

(x2 4x+6)

=
2

u2 +2

(x2)2 +2
1

* , **

3 2

I = 2(24+6) +
1

***
Por ltimo

=2

***

83

I = 224+6

en I:
3

+4

(x2)2 +2

I = + +

3 2

2
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

Rpta

68

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

37.

(+ )

Resolucin
=

I=

1+ 2 (1+ 2 )

dv

=
( )
2
1+

I=1+2 1+2
I =

1+

En L:

L= (1+ 2 )

1
(1+ 2 )2

1
(1+ 2 )2

x
1 + 2 1 + 2
d
=
(1 + 2 )
1 + x 2
d

3
(1+ 2 )2

1 + x 2

(1 + 2 )2

( )
dv

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

69

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

L=

L=

earctgx

L=

1+ 2

+ earctgx

1+x2

1+ 2

En

1
(1 2 )2

(1 2 )2

d
=
3
1 + x 2
(1 2 )2

+I

I =

2I =

1+

1+ 2

1+ 2

( 1)

+ I

( )

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

70

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

38.

## UNFV BASE 2009

[ () ]
Resolucin

I= 2 ()2

En

*:

u = lnx
du =

En

dx
x

**

u = (lnx)2

2lnx
du =
dx
x

**

dv = x 2 dx
v=

x3
3

3
3 1
3 1

=
2
3
3
3
3

= +

:
dv = x 2 dx
x2
v=
2

2 2

= ()2 2 2 = ()2 2
2

= 2 ()2
L

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

71

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
Hallando L:

u = lnx
du =

dx
x

En I:

v=

2 1

L= 2 2 = 2 2

dv = xdx
x2
2

L= 2 4 +

2
2
2
2
(
)
=
+ +
2
2
4

**

( )

39.

() +

( )

+ Rpta

Resolucin

(sec )2

[4(tan )2 ]2

1+()2

[4(tan )2 ]2

. ..

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

72

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

Sea :

= 2

(2 ) =
1

1+4()2

Sustituyendo

1+()2

**

3
2
4(tan ) 2

**

2 ....

en

1+4sen

3
2
1+4sen
2
2
44()

2[1()2 ]2

1
1
2
)

=
(

=
()
4[]3
4
4

1
= +
4

tanx

4 (tan )2

( )

[( ) ]

( )

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

73

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

40.

Resolucin
1

(z1) +22

Sea :

1 = 2

= 2()2

En
1

*:

2(sec)2

= [4()2
2 2

(z1) +2

2(sec)2

= [4()2 ]2 = ()2
+4]2
8

1
1 2
= ()2 = +
+
8
8 2
4

+
+
16
16

( +) = 16 +

16

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

74

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

z 1 = 2tan
tan =

z1
2

z 2 2z + 5

z-1

z 2 2z + 5
2

z 2 2z + 5

1 ( 1)2
1
1
1
+

(z 2 2z + 5)2
16 z 2 2z + 5
16
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

Rpta

75

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
I.-

## UNFV BASE 2009

INTEGRAL DE LA FORMA:

41.

Calcular la integral:

(+)

+ +

()

Resolucin

Complementando cuadrados:
7
9 9 7
3 2 1
2
4 12 + 7 = 4 3 + = 4 3 + + = 4
4
4 4 4
2
2
2

=> =

3 2 1
4
2
2

2
2 32 12

= 12

3 2 1
2
2

Sea:

=>

3
2

=
2
1

=
2
2

6 2

=> =

1
1
sec sec tg d
2
2
2

1 sec 1
2
2

=
2

1
1
sec. sectg d
2
2
1
tg
2

sec = sec d
2 d
4
22
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

76

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
9
+ 1
= || =
4
22
3

Como: 2 =

=> =

=> =

2
(2
2

3
2

3 2 1

2
2

3) + 2 .
3) +

2
2

4 2 12+7
4

4 2 12+7

. 2
1

2
2 2

4 2 12 + 7 2

+ 1

4 2 12+7
4

+ 1

2
(2
2

+ 2 3 + 4 2 12 + 7 4 2 12 + 7 + 1
4
4

=
4

sec

=>

2
(2
2

3
2
1
2

2
2

3 + 4 2 12 + 7) 4 2 12 + 7 + 1
4

= + + + +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

Rpta

77

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

+

42.

dx

Resolucin

Sea:

=>

=
4 2

14

+9

=>

12

9 (1+ 2 )

9 (1 + 2 )

. .

1 2

36

(1 2 )2

36 d

(12 )2

4 2

= (12 )(1)(

=
=

1+ )

=
=

36 d
14

+B
1+2

## (+B)12 +c 12 (1+)+ D 1+2 (1)

(1+2 )(1)(1+)

( + C D)3 + ( + + )2 + (A + C D) + (B + C + D)
(1 + 2 )(1 )(1 + )

-A +C -D = 0

- B + C + D = 4 => A = 0, B = - 2, C = 1 , D = 1
A+ CD= 0

B + C + D = 0

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

78

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

4 2

1 4

1+

2 +

4 2

## UNFV BASE 2009

1+

14 = 2 1+2 + 1 + 1+

= 2() |1 | + |1 + |
d+
+ c
1

= 2() + Ln
= 2

9
+9

1+ +9

1 +9

+ +

Rpta

## III.- INTEGRAL DE LA FORMA:

( + )/ ( + )/ ( + )/
,
,

+
+
+

43.

()

Resolucin
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

79

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Sea 2 = 3 = > x = = 3 + 2
= > = 3 2

=>

(3 + 2)

(3 + 2)2

. 32 = 3
2

5 3 + 22

= 3 (+1)(2

+2)(3 +2)

5 3 + 22

## (+1)(2 +2)(3 +2)

2 (3 +2)

(3 + 2)2 2

. du = 3

5 3 + 22

(3 + +2) (3 + 2 )

(*)

+1

2 +2

2 + +
3 +2

## (2 + 2)(3 + 2) + ( + )( + 1)(3 + 2 ) + (2 + + )( + 1)(2 + 2 )

( + 1)(2 + 2)( 3 + 2)

## ( ++)5 ++++) 4 +(+++3 + (3++2+)2 +(4+2++2+)+(4+2+2)

(+1)(2 +2)(3 +2)

-A +C +D=1
-A + B + C + E = 0
A-B+C+D+F=-1
3A+B C + 2D + E = 2
-4A+ 2B + C + 2E + F = 0
4A + 2C + 2F = 0

## = > A = , B = 3/4 , C = -1/2 , D = 0, E = 0, F = 0

5 3 + 2 2
=>
(+1)(2 +2)( 3 +2)

1
4

+1

3
1

4
2
2 +2

3 +2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

80

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
5 3 + 22
=>
(+1)( 2 +2)( 3 +2)

3
1
2
4
2 +2

2=

II =

3 1 7
1
tg
4 2 2
2
7
2
4

= 7 +
7
8
2

=> II =

2
7

3 1

= +
4 2
2

1 2

7
tg
2

7
2 7

= 7 7 8 7 tg 8
8

= 7 7 ||
7
8
8

tg =

7
2
4

d = 7 7tg
2
7
8
8

Pero:

=>d = =

= 7 7 tgd
7
8
2

7
2
2

37
tg
8

II

42

=
+ 2
()
+2
4 +1

3
1
2
4
1 2 7
2 +4

II =

2
7
2

=>

7 8 7 Ln

1 2 7

2 +4
7
2

1
2

7
4

7
2

1
8

arctg

1
2

2
7
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

81

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
3

=> II =

## UNFV BASE 2009

1 + 7 7 arctg 21 + 1
2

28

II en ()

5 3 + 2 2

| + 1| +

Ln
4

1 + 7 7 21 + 1
2
4
28
7

Remplazar en (*)
1

=>I=3 | + 1| +
4

=> I= Ln| + 1| +
Pero:

2
3

21
7

+ 1
28
7

1 + 7 37 21 +

2 = 3 => = 2

= + +

1 + 7

28

+
+

Rpta

## IV.- INTEGRALES DE LA FORMA:

Toribio Crdova Condori

()

++

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

82

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

44.

+
+

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
2 2 4+4

3+2 2 = ( + )3 + 2 2 + 3+2 2

Derivando:
2 2 4+4

3+2 2

= 3 + 2 2 +

(+)(22)
23+2 2

3+2 2

2 2 4 + 4 = (3 + 2 2 ) + ( + )(1 ) +
2 2 4 + 4 = (2) 2 + (3 ) + (3 + + )
2 = 2
3 = 4 = 1, = 1, = 6
3 + + = 4

2 2 4+4

= ( + 1)3 + 2 2 + 6
2
3+2
3+2 2
= ( + 1)3 + 2 2 + 6

4(1)2

= ( + ) + +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

Rpta

83

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

V.-

## UNFV BASE 2009

INTEGRALES DE LA FORMA:

45.

(+)

() ++

() +

Resolucin
+2
1

=1+

= (1 +

2 +1

2 +1

+ 3

(1) 2 +1

..(*)

II

=
(1) 2 +1
1
1=

=> =

=
=

2
1
1+ 1 +1

1 2 1

2 + +

=
1

2 + 1+ + 1

2 2 + 2+1

+ 1 + 1

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

84

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1
1 2
1
=
+ + + + +
2

4
2
1

1
2

2 + 2 + 1 + c
2
2

Reemplazar: = 1
=
=
=

=
=

1
2

+ +

+ +

1
2

+
1

2 (1)2

2+ 1

(1)2

2(1)

+1

2 +1

(1)

+ 1

2 + 1 +

2(1)

2(1)

1
+1
1
2 + 1 +

+
1
2
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

85

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Reemplazar en (*)
= + +

## VI.- Integral de la forma:

46.

+ + Rpta

( + )

Resolucin

Sea: = -> =
=> =

1+ 4
2

1
4

. = 2 (1 + 4 )

1 +1
= 2, = 4, = ,
+ =0
4

4 4 = 1 + 4 4 = 4 + 1

= 5 3
=

2 ( 4 4 )4 ( 5 3 )

= 1 +

= =

4 1
4 1

41

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

86

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

= 1 +

4 1

= + 4
1

= 4 .. (*)
1
1

=
4 1 (

+1)(1)(

2 +1) = +1 +

+
1 2 +1

## A (z 1) ( 2 + 1) + B(Z + 1)( 2 + 1) + (Cz + D)( 2 1)

=
( + 1)( 1)( 2 + 1)
(A + B + C) 3 + (A + B + D) 2 + (A + B C)Z + ( + )
=
( + 1)( 1)( 2 + 1)

A+B+C=0
- A + B + D = 0 => A = - 1/4, B = 1/4 , C = 0, D = -1/2
A+BC=0
- A+B-D=1
1

1
4
4
2
=
+
+
4
2
1
+1
z1
+1
1

4 =
+
1
4 +1
=

1
4

4 1
2 +1
1

| + 1| + | 1| + 1
4

1
1
= [ | 1| | + 1|] + 1
2
4

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

87

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

41 = 4 +1 2 + 1

Reemplazar en (*)
1

=
4

1
+1

4 4

= 1 +

=
=

+ +c
2

1+ 4

1+ 4

1 + 4
1 + 4
=
=
4

4
1+4
1

4
1+4

1+ 4

4
4

+1

1+ 4 +

1+ 4

+
2

1+ 4

Como: =

+ +

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

88

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

47.

## UNFV BASE 2009

() +

Resolucin
= 1 > 0 2 2 + 10 = 1 + = +

2 2 + 10 = 2 + 2 + 2
10 2 = 2 + 2

10 2 = 2( + 1)

=
=

10 2

2(+1)

2 +2+10
2(+1)2

2
102
102
(2 +2+10)
+3

2(+1)
2(+1)
2(+1)2
102
3(102 )

2(+1)1 2(+1) +
2

=
1

4(+1)

822 (2 +2+10)

4(+1)

## (10 2 )2 +6 (+1)(10 2 ) ( 2 +2+10

(82 2 )( 2 +2+10)

=
2

2(+1)2

4 6 3 26 2 +60+160
4 +4 3 3 2 148

(2 + 2 + 10)
2( + 1)

2
(102 )
3(102 )
(2 +2+10)
+ 2(+1) .

2
4(+1)
2(+1)2
822 2 +2+10

2(+1) 2(+1)

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

89

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
1

= 1
2

10 3 + 23 2 74168

=
2

=
=

(+1)2 ( 2 +28)

10 3 +23 2 74168
(+1)2 (+4)(2)

10 3 +23 2 74168
(+1)2 (+4)(2)

(+1)

2 +

. (*)

+1

+4

## (+4)(2)+(+1)(+4)(2)+ (+1)2 (2)+ (+1)2 (+4)

(+1)2 (+4)(2)
(++) 3 + (+3+6) 2 +(263+9) +(882+4)
(+1)2 (+4)(2)

B + C + D = 10

A + 3B + 6D = 23

2A - 6B - 3C+ 9D = -74

## => A = 9, B = 0, C = 8/3, D = -8/3

-8A - 8B - 2C + 4D = -168

10 3 +23 2 74168
=>
(+1)2 (+4)(2)

10 3 +23 2 74168
(+1)2 (+4)(2)

(+1)

= 9
=

## Toribio Crdova Condori

2 +

10

+1

(+1)2

8/3

+4

+ 10

8/3

+1

3 +4
3 2

9
8
8
+ 10 | + 1| + | + 4| | 2|
+1
3
3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

90

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
9

En (*)

+1

## UNFV BASE 2009

8

+ 10| + 1| +
3

+4
2

9
8
1
+4
10 | + 1|
= +

+1
3
2
2

= +
2

2(+1)

5 | + 1|

4
3

+4
2

Como: 2 2 + 10 = +

= 2 2 + 10

+
+ +

+ +

+ +

+ +

Rpta

48.

Resolucin

(+)

+ +

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

91

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

Sea: = 2

2 ( 2 + 1)
+ 2 +1

## UNFV BASE 2009

= 2

. 2 =

2 +1 (2)
+ 2 +1

: = 1 > 0 2 + 1 = +

= 2

2 2 +1

+ 2 +1

ELEVANDO ALCUADRADO

2 + 1 = 2 + 2 + 2
=

1 2

= 2
= 2

2
12
12

+
2
2
12 12
+
+
2
2

(1 2 )2 ( 2 +1)
4 2

( 2 +1)
2 2

( 2 +1)
2 2

( 2 + 1)
(1 2 )2 ( 2 + 1) ( 2 + 1)
.
= 2
.

2 2
8 2
2 2

1 (1 2 )2 ( 2 + 1)( 2 + 1)
1 (1 4 )2
1 (1 + 8 2 4 )
=

8
8
4
8
4
4

1
1
= ( 4 + 2 2) =
4 + 2 2
8
8
1 3

= (

8 3

3
3

## Toribio Crdova Condori

2)
UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

92

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
3
=

+ +
24 3 24 4

: 2 + 1 = + = 2 + 1 = + 1

= (

(+)

Rpta

49.

Resolucin

I= 2 3
u

d(v)

Por partes:

. () = . . ()
= 2

() = 2 2 ()

() = 3()
=

3
3

En I:

I= 13 2 3 23 3 2 ()
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

93

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

I= 13 2 3 + 23 3 2 ()

I= 13 2 3 + 23 2 3 () = 13 2 3 + 23

En :

## *= e2x cos3x d(x)

u

d(v)

= 2

() = 2 2 ()

*=
*=

1 2
3
3
1 2
3
3

*en I :

3
3

() = 3()
=

3
3

2 ()

2
3 ()

1
2 1
2
= 2 3 + ( 2 3 )
3
3 3
3
1
2
4
= e2x cos3x + e2x sen3x I
3
9
9
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

94

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

4
1
2
+ 2 3 + 2 3
9
3
9

13 1 2
2
3 + 2 3
9 3
9

= + +

Rpta

()

()

50.

Resolucin

I=
()2

d(v)

( ) =

( )
2

( ) =

()
( )2

En I:

I= ( ) + 2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

95

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

( )

+
()

+()2 ()2
()2

I=

51.

Rpta

Resolucin

I=
I=

()(1)
()2

I= () +

(1)
()2

En J :

J=
u

(1)
()2

d(v)

() = ()

() =

1
()
( )2

1
( )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

96

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

J=

En I :

I=

52.

()

Rpta

Resolucin

I=

(24 +1)

( +1)( 2)

Sea: =x dx =
I =

(2x+1)

(x+1)(x2)
(2+1)

(+1)(2)

dx =

+1

x+1

dx . . . . ()

x2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

97

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

2+1

(+1)(2)

(2)+ (+1)

(+)+(2)

## UNFV BASE 2009

(+1)(2)

(+1)(2)

A + B = 2 2B + 2A = 4
B 2A = 2 B 2A = 1
3B = 5

B=

En (*)

I=
I=

1
3

5
3

1
3

+1

A=

1
3

dx +

| + 1| +
1
3

5
3

5
3

dx

| 2|+ C
5
3

I = Ln |( + 1)| + Ln ( 2) + C = Ln |( + 1)( 2)

53.

= ( + )(

5 |3

+C

Rpta

.+

dt

Resolucin
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

98

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

Factor izando:

I=

62 3 +1
3 2

## UNFV BASE 2009

. costdt

x= sen t dx = cost dt
I=
I=

6 2 3 +1
3 2

6 2 3 +1
2 (1)

6 2 3+1
2 (1)

dx =

6 2 3 +1

2 (1)

dx

= 2 + + 1 dx

(+ ) 2 +()
2 (1)

B+C=6
AB=-3
- A=1 A=-1 B=2 C=4
1

2 + + 1 dx = - 2 + 2
1

I = +2 Ln | |+4 Ln | 1|+c

+ 4 1

I = + Ln | |2 + Ln | 1|4 + c
1

I = + Ln | 2 . ( 1)4 | + c
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

99

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

= + 2Ln ( ) +

54.

Rpta

dx

() +

Resolucin

1

## (1) 2 +1dx + (1) 2 +1dx

2 +1 + 3 1 2 +1 Ln + 2 + 1+ 3 1 2 +1
2do. Paso: Resolvemos y (x-1) lo sustituimos por 1

1 2 +1
Reemplazamos:

2
1
1+ 1 +1

1
= 1

1=

Donde: dx =

2
2
12 +2+1

=-

=-

2 2 +2+1

2 2 +

2
1
1 2
+
2
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

100

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

=2

2
1
1
2 2 + +
2
2

Sustituimos T = -

Ln

. Ln 2 +

dx = Ln + +

() +

55.

+ 2 2 + 2 + 1

Ln +

(+) +

2 +1

Rpta

Resolucin

. (1+ )3
3

(1 + )3 +

2 3
3

2 3
3

dx

dx

## 2do. Paso: Resolvemos cada Integral:

4

a) 1 + dx x = 2
Toribio Crdova Condori

dx= 2a da

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

101

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

(1 + )3 2 1 + a = 4
3

. 2 (

da =4 3

8 (

1) . 4

10

7
8 7
8
4
(7
(1
+ )4 . (7 4)

11)
77
77

811
11

87
7

7
8

1 + 4 7 4
77

b)

2 3

dx x = 3

dx = 33 .

2 p = q2

dp = - dq . 2q

. 3 (2 2 ) dq . 2q = - 6 (2 2 4 ) . dq
- 12

3
3

65
5

3
2

-4 (2 )
=

3
6
2 + (2
5

- 4(2 )
6

+ 5 (2 3 )

5
2

+ ( )- +

5
2

+
Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

102

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

56.

Resolucin

I= .x

1/ 2

. 1 + x1 / 3

.dx

## Se tiene : m=1/2 , n=1/3, p=-2, como

p=-2 Z.

x = t 6 ..............dx = 6t 5 dt

( )

6
I= . t

1/ 2

I= .t .[1 + t
3

[(

( )

. 1+ t6

2 2

1/ 3

)]

.6t dt = 6
5

.6t 5 dt

t8

(1 + t )

2 2

dt

4
4t 2 + 3
2
dt =
I= 6 t 2t + 3 2
2
+
t
1

t 5 2t 3
4t 2 + 3
dt =
I= 6 5 3 + 3t 2
2
t + 1

ii
POR SUSTITUCIN TRIGONOMTRICA

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

103

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

t = tg ......................dt = sec 2 .d
Ii=

4t 2 + 3

(t

+1

dt =

(4tg + 3).sec
2

sec 4

.d =

(4tg + 3).d
2

sec 2

sen2

2
4

7 sen 2
7 2 sen cos

+c =

+c
2
4
2
4

7
sen . cos

+c
2
2
1+ t 2
t

7 1
t
1
7
t
.
.
+c =

+c
2
2
2
2
2
2
t
2
.
+
1
t +1 t +1
Ii =

7
t
arctgc
+c
2
2
2
(
+
1
)
t
Ii=

Pero:

t =

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

104

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

36 x
66 5
6
6
x 4 x + 18 x 21arctg ( x) + 3 + c
I= 5
1+ x

57.

Resolucin

5
1
x
x
1
+

Rpta

()

1 / 3

dx

## Se tiene : m=-1 , n=5, p=-1/3, como

m+1 =0
3

1 + x5 = t 3
5 x 4 .dx = 3t 2 dt
3
dx = x 4 t 2 dt
5

( )

1 3
x t

( )

1 3
x
t

1 / 3

1 / 3

3
. x 4 .t 2 .dt
5

3
. x 4 .t 2 .dt
5

3 5
x .t.dt

5
=

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

105

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

3
t.dt
3
= 5 t 1
ii

t
t
A
Bt + c
=
=
+
t 3 1 (t 1) t 2 + t + 1 t 1 t 2 + t + 1

t = A(t 2 + t + 1) + ( Bt + c)(t 1)
t = ( A + B )t 2 + ( A B + C )t + ( A C )
A+ B = 0
A B +C =1
AC = 0

## A=1/3, B=-1/3, C=1/3

1 dt
1 / 3t + 1 / 3dt
t.dt
=
+
t 3 1 3 t 1 t 2 + t +1

(t 1) .dt
1 dt
1
2

3 t 1 3 t + t +1
(t 1) .dt
1
1
ln t 1
2
3
1
3
= 3
t + +
2
4

(t 1) 3

1
1
2 .dt
ln t 1
2
3
3
1
3
=
t + +
2
4

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

106

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
t +

dt
3
1
1
2

.dt
ln t 1
2
2

2 1 3
3
3 1 3
=
t
+
+

t + +
2 4
2 4

1
Sea........u = t + ............du = dt
2

t.dt
dt
3
1
1 u.du
t 3 1 = 3 ln t 1 3 2 3 2 2 3
u +
u +

4
4

dt
1
1 1 2u.du 1
ln t 1 .
+
3
3 2 2 3 2 2 3
u +
u +
4
4

u
1
1
3 1 1
2
+c
ln t 1 ln u + + .
.arctg
3
3
6
4 2 3

2
2

2 1
t.dt 1
1 1 3 1
t
t
arctg
ln
1
+
+
=

. t + 2 + c
t 3 1 3
6 2 4
3

3
2

2 1
1
1 1 3
3
arctg . t + + c
= I ln t 1 t + + +
5
10 2 4 5 3
3 2
2

Como

t = 3 1 + x5

2 3
1 3
1 3
1 3 3
1
5
5
5
x
x
arctg
x
ln
1
1
1
+
+
+
=
+

+
+
.
1
+c

I 5
10
2 4 5 3
2
3
2

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

107

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

funcin:
f(x) =

+ ;

;

+ ;

## Y el eje x mediante el clculo del lmite de

las sumas de RIEMANN.

Resolucin

Graficando la funcin:

A1

A2

= 4

Para A1 :
[4, 2] =

A3

(2) (4) 2
=

= 2

() = 2 + 8

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

108

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

2

1 = + = 4 + =
2

( ) = 2 4 + 8 =

A1=
A1=

lim =1 1 = lim =1
lim

8 ()(+1)

= lim

1 1

=1

= lim 4 1 + = 4 A1= 4

Para A2 :

[2, 3] =
1 = +

3 (2) 5
=
=

()

= 2 +

( ) = 2 =

Ai=( ) = (25
2

A2 =
A2 =

lim =1
lim (

25 2
2

20

20

125 2

100 (+1)
2

+4

+ 4) =

125 2

lim =1( 3

125 (+1)(2+1)
3

100
2

100
2

+ 20)

20

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

20

109

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

A2 =
A2 =

lim (

125
3

125
6

## UNFV BASE 2009

(1 + )(2 + )

50 + 20 =

35
3

A2=

100 (+1)
2

35

+ 20)

Para A3 :

[3,6] =

1 = +

63 3
=
=

()

= 3 +

( ) = 3 + 3 + 18 = 9

Ai =( ) = (9 9) 3 = 27 27
2
A3 = lim =1
A3 =

lim (

27

27

= lim =1

=1(1)

27

27
2

+3

=1() )

27
1
A3 = lim( 27 27 ()(+1)
) = lim ( 27 (1)(1 + ) )
2
2

## A3 =27 272 = 272

Toribio Crdova Condori

A3=272

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

110

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

A1 + A2 + A3 = +
59. Hallar

el

rea

comprendida

Rpta

entre

las

## siguientes curvas cuando [, ]:

Resolucin

Graficando la funcin:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

111

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

3 = 4 2 3
2 4 2 + 3 = 0
( 1)( 3) = 0

## UNFV BASE 2009

= = 3 1 = 2
1 = + = 1 +

= ( ) ( )

2
2 2
2
2
= 4 1 + 3 1 + (1 + )3

4 4 2
6
2
2 2
2
= 4 1 + + 2 3 1 + 3 + 3 + ( )3

16 16 2
6
6 12 2 8 3 2
= 4 +
+ 2 3 1 2 3

8 8 2 16 3
= 2 + 3 4

= +

= lim
+

2
3
4

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

112

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

8 ( + 1) 8 ( + 1)(2 + 1) 16 2 ( + 1)
= lim
+

2
6
4
2
3
4
1

8
6

= lim 4 1 + + 1 + 2 + 4(1 + )2

8
8
= 4 + (2) 4 =
6
3

Rpta

60. = () +

+ +

Resolucin

() +
A

+ +
B

= ( 2 7 2 5 )2
2

1
1
2 (7+2)
=
2 3 2
2
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

113

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1
1
2 (7+2) 2 (3+2)
2
2

1 2 (7+2) (3+2)
(7+2) (3+2)
=

2
2
7 + 2
3 + 2
7 + 2
3 + 2

1
(7+2) (3+2)
(7+2) (3+2)
(7+2) (3+2)
= 2

2
7 + 2
3 + 2
7 + 2
3 + 2
7 + 2
3 + 2
2

1 2 (7+2) (3+2)
(7+2) (3+2)
(7+2) (3+2)
=

+ 2

2
7 + 2
3 + 2
7 + 2
3 + 2
7 + 2
3 + 2
=

(+) (+)
(+) (+)
(+) (+)

+
+
+
+
+
+

=
=

4 +4 +6

22

(2 + 2)(2 2)

1 (2 + 2 + 2 2)2
=

(2 + 2)(2 2)
2

1
2
1
2
=
+

2 (2 2)
2 (2 + 2)

= | | + | + |

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

114

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

=+

(+) (+)
(+) (+)
(+) (+)
=

+
+
+
+
+
+

| | + | + |

61.

Rpta

+
Resolucin

1

12 4 1 + 32

2(2534)

=
=

3
1(2534)
1

4
2

25(2)+16

12 16( 1) 9(2 )

4
2

16252

4
2
2

52 4 2

52 452 + 4
3
1

25(1)9

1241+32

3
1

51351+3
4
2

52452+4

4 1 + 32

3
1

51351+3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

115

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
4
2

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
22

1
22

=

52452+4
524
52+4
5

1
1
22
22
=

5 5 2 4
5 52 + 4
1

1 = 5 ln52 4 5 ln52 + 4

3
1

51351+3

1
21

513
5

1
21

51+3

1
1
21
21
=

5 5 1 3
5 5 1 + 3

2 = 5 ln5 1 3 5 ln5 1 + 3
Luego
= 1 2
=

1
1
1
1
ln52 4 ln52 + 4 ln5 1 3 ln5 1 3
5
5
5
5

62.

Rpta

x 5 / 2 dx
(9 3 x )3

Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

116

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

x 2 x dx
2
(9 3 x )3 x = y dx = 2 ydy
2 y 4.y
y5
y 5 dy
dy
=
2
dy
=
2
(9 3 y)3
(9 3 y)3
27(3 y)3

3-y = w - dy = dw dy = -dw

2
27

(3 w) 5
2 ( w 3) 5
=
dw
dw
w3
27 w3

## 2 ( w5 15w4 + 90w3 270w 2 + 405w 243)

dw
27
w3

2
270 405 243
+ 2 3 ] dw
[ w 2 15w + 90

w
w
w
27

2 w3 15w 2
405 243
90 w 270 ln w
+
[
]+ c
w 2 w3
27 3
2
Como w =3 -

2
5
2
30
9
(3 x ) 3 (3 x ) 2 + (3 x )20 ln 3 x
+
+c
81
9
3
(3 x ) (3 x )

Rpta

63.

( )

Resolucin

2 2

2 2 4
2 2
=

( )2
( )2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

117

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

2 2 2
()2

22

= 2 2 ()2
2
u

dv

## Integracin por partes =

dv =

22

()2

( )
2(1 2 )
(2 1)

=
=
=

( )2
( )2 ( )2
=

1
1
=
=
( )

u = 2 2 = 22 + 2 2 ( 2 )

= 2( 2 ) = 2
=

2
( )
2

2 2
1
1
2
= ( 2 2 )

( )
( )2

2

2 2
=
2 2

## Luego hallamos (por partes)

2 2 = 2
u

dv

2
2

2
2

u = x dx = du
dv = 2
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

118

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

v = 2 =

Resolvemos

2
2
2

= 2 + 2
2
2
= 2 + (2 1)
= 2 + 2
= 2 +

2 2 = 2 +
Finalmente

= ( )
+ + +

( )

Rpta

64.

x +1

6
6

x +
7

dx

Resolucin
Sea t12 = x 1211 dt = dx

(t 2 + 1)12 t"
t 13 dt
t" dt
t 14 + t 15 + 12 t 14 (1 + t ) + 12 t 14 (1 + t )

12
=

dt
dt
+ 12 3
t (1 + t )
t (1 + t )

I1

I2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

119

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

I1 =

1
A
B
( A + B) t + A
= +
=
A =1 , B =1
t (1 + t ) t 1 + t
t (1 + t )

1
1
I1 = 12 +
t 1 + t

I2 =

## UNFV BASE 2009

dt

= 12 ln t 12 ln 1 + t = 12 ln

t
1 + t

1
A B C
d
= + 2+ 3+
= ( A + D) t 3 + ( A + B ) t 2 + (C + B ) t + C
t (t + 1) t t
t
t +1
3

A = 1,

B = -1 , C = 1 , D = -1

1
1 1 1
I 2 = 12 2 + 3
dt
t
t + 1
t t
I 2 = 12 ln t +

I 2 = 12 ln

4
1
4 2 ln t + 1
3
4t
t

t
4
1
+ 3 4
t +1 t
4t

I = I1+I2

65.

x
=

+ Rpta

e 2 x sen x dx

Resolucin
I = x 2 e 2 x sen x dx

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

120

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Sea : u = x2 du = 2x dx

du = e sen x dx
2x

u = e 2 x sen d dx
p = sen x dp = cos x dx

dq = e 2 x dx q = 1 e 2 x

u=
=

1 2x
1
e sen x e 2 x cos x dx
2
2

1
1 2x
e sen x e 2 x cos x dx
2
2

r = cos x dr = sen x dx

k = e 2 x dx k = 1 e 2 x

1
1 1
1

## u = e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x ( sen x dx)

2
2 2
2

u=

1 2x
1
1
e sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen d dx
2
4
4

5
1
1
u = e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x
4
2
4

2
1
2
1
I = x 2 ( e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x) ( e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x) 2 x dx
5
5
5
5

I=

2 2 2x
1
4
2
x e sen x x 2 e 2 x cos x xe 2 x sen x dx + x e 2 x cos x dx
5
5
5
5
A

66.

Rpta

Resolucin
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

121

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

u = x du = dx
du = e 2 x sen x dx u = e 2 x sen x dx =

2 2x
1
e sen x e 2 x cos x
5
5

1 2x
2 2x
1 2x

2 2x
e sen x e cos x ( e sen x e cos x) dx
5
5
5

A=x 5
=

2 2x
1
2
1 1
1
x e Sen x x e 2 x cos x [u ] + e 2 x cos x + e 2 x Sen x dx
5
5
5
5 2
2

2 2x
1
2
1
1
xe sen x x e 2 x cos x u + e 2 x cos x + u
5
5
5
10
10

2 2x
1
4
3 2x
e sen x
x e sen x x e 2 x cos x + e 2 x cos x
5
25
25
A= 5

B = xe 2 x cos x dx
u = x du = dx

du = e2x cos x dx u =

2x

cos x dx

1 2x
1
e cos x + e 2 x sen x dx
2
2

1 2x
1 2
1

## e cos x + e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x

2
2 5
5

1
1
1
U = e 2 x cos x + e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x
2
5
10
2
1
U = e 2 x cos x + e 2 x sen x
5
5

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

122

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

2 2x
1
1

2
e cos x + e 2 x sen x) e 2 x cos x + e 2 x sen x dx
5
5

5
B=x(5
=

1
2
2 2x
1
xe cos x + x e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen x dx
5
5
5
5

2 2x
1
2 1
1
1
xe cos x + x e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x + e 2 x sen x dx e 2 x sen x dx
5
5
5 2
2
5

2 2x
1
1
1
1
xe cos x + x e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen x e 2 x sen x dx
5
5
5
5
5

2 2x
1
1
2
xe cos x + xe 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen x
5
5
5
5

2 2x
1
3
4
xe cos x + x e 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen x
5
25
25
B= 5

I=

2 2 2x
1
4 2
1
4
3

5
5
5 5
5
25
25

2 2 2x
1
3
4

## x e cos x + xe 2 x sen x e 2 x cos x e 2 x sen x

5 5
5
25
25

2 2 2x
1
8
4
16 2 x
12 2 x
x e senx x 2 e 2 x cos x
x e 2 x sen x +
x e 2 x cos x
e cos x +
e sen x +
5
5
25
25
125
125

4
2
6 2x
8 2x
x e 2 x cos x +
x e 2 x sen x
e cos x
e sen x
25
25
125
125

I =

2 2 2x
1
6
8
4 2x
22 2 x
e sen x
e cos x + C
x e sen x x 2 e 2 x cos x x e 2 x sen x + xe 2 x cos x +
5
5
25
25
125
125

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

123

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

I =

67.

## UNFV BASE 2009

dx
x(3Ln 3 x + Ln 4 x) 2

Resolucin
Sea u = Ln x du =

I=

(3u

du
du
du
=
= 6
4 2
3
2
+u )
[u (u + 3)]
u (u + 3) 2

1
A B C D E
F
G
H
= 6 + 5 + 4 + 3+ 2 +
+
+
2
2
(u + 3)
(u + 3)
u (u + 3)
u
u
u
u
u
u
6

## 1 = (F+H) u7 + (E+6F + G+3H)u6 + (D+6E+9F)u5 + (C+6D+9E)u4 +

(B+6C+9D)u3 + (A+6B+9C) u2 + (6A +9B)u + (9)

F+H=0
E + 6F + G + 3H = 0

A = 1/9

E = -13/2187

D + 6E + 9F = 0

B = - 2/27

F = 22/6561

C + 6D + 9E = 0

C = 1/243

G = -1/243

B + 6C + 9D = 0

D = 4/729

H = -22/6561

A + 6B + 9C = 0
6A + 9B = 0
9A = 1

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

124

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1
du
1 du 2 du
1 du
4 du
13 du
22 du
1
= 6
+
+

2
5
4
3
2

9 u
27 u
243 u
729 u
2187 u
6561 u 243 (u + 3) 2
(u + 3)

du
22
6561 (u + 3)
1 1 2 1
1 1
4 1
13 1
22
1 1
Ln

+
2
3 +
5 4 +
9 5u 27 4u 243 3u 729 2u 2187 u 6561
243 u + 3
22
Ln u + 3
6561

Pero : = Ln x
1
1
1
2
13
22
+

+
+
Ln Ln x +
5
4
3
2
Ln
x
2187
6561
Ln
x
Ln
x
Ln
x
Ln
x
45
54
729
729
I=
1
22

Ln 3 + Ln x
243(3 + Ln x) 6561

I =

Ln x
1
1
1
2
13
1
22
+

+
+
+
Ln
+C
5
4
3
2
45Ln x 54 Ln x 729 Ln x 729 Ln x 2187 Ln x 243(3 + Lnx) 6561 3 + Ln x

Rpta

68.

+
(+ + )

Resolucin

2 + 2

(1 + 2 + 3 )2
2(1 + 2 )

(1 + 2 + 3 )2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

125

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

2 = 1 + 2

2
2

22
(2 + 3 )2

3
4 (1 + )2

1
(1 + )2

= = =

(1 + )2 1
1

(1+)2 1

21

Para 1

+ 1 =

1
1
= 2

( 1)2 1

1
1

1 2
( 1 2 + 1 1)2
2

1 (2)
=

2
12 2
2 1 2
12

= 1 2

1
1 2
1 3

= 3 = 2
2
2
3
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

126

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1
1
1 = 1 2

3
1
2
1
1 =

3 1

Para 2

2 =

2 1

Sea = =
2 =

2 1

2 = = +

Pero =

2 = arcsec ()

= 1 + 2

69.

+ () +

Rpta

Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

127

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

=

1
= 2

Remplazando:

( ) 4 2 + 3 1

1+3 2

## Haciendo mtodo Ostrogradski

+3 2

= 5

1 + 3 2

= ( 2 + + ) 2 + 3 + 1 +

2 + 3 + 1

5 3 = (2 + )( 2 + 3 + 1)2 + ( 2 + + )( + 3) +

5 3 = 2 3 + 5 2 + 2 2 + 3 + 3 2 + 3 2 + 3 + 3 +
5 3 = 3 3 + (9 2) 2 + (2 + 6 ) + ( + 3 + )

Igualando tenemos
=

5
15
145
305
; =
; =
; =
3
2
3
2

15 145
305

5
+
2 + 3 + 1

= 2 +
3
2
3
2
2 + 3 + 1

5
15 145
305 2
2
= 2 +
+
2 + 3 + 1

3
2
3
2 13
13
Reemplazando =

70.

+ +

Rpta

= +

Resolucin
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

128

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

2 = 2
3

2 1 + 3
Pero como =
3

2 1 + 3
=
3

2 1 + 3

Sea 3 = 3 + 1 3 = 3 1

2
3 = 3 = 4 = 2 4

2 1 +
3

2
2
2

5
1
1
5
2
4
( ) = 3

3 1
3 1

3
( 2 4 )
3 1

1
( 2 )
5
3
1
3 1

( 31 )2

2 1 + 3

3 + 1
1
3

=
=
3
3 1
3

3 2
3 = 3 =
34
2

5 1 +
3

( 3

1)

1
2
1
3

## Toribio Crdova Condori

2
UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

129

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

3 3 2
3( 3 1)2

1
3 3
3
3 ( 1)2
1

3 ( 1)2

=
+
2
( 1)
1 ( 1)2
Operando se obtiene:
A=1; B=1
1
1
1

6 ( 1)2
( 1)2
1
ln| 1| ( 1)1
6
= 3

1
ln| 3 1| ( 3 1)1
6
Pero 3 = 3 + 1

1
ln|3 | (3 )1
6
=

71.

= ( ) +

Rpta

= +.(+) +.
Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

130

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

= 3 = 3 ln
=

=
3 ln 3 ln 3

ln 3 (3

+ 22 3 + 5)

1
2 2
ln 3 ( + 6 + 5)

## Por fracciones parciales;

2 + 6 + 5 = ( + 5)( + 1)

1
+ 2+
+
= 2 2

( + 5) + 1 ( + 6 + 5)

:
=

6
1
61
37
; ; =
=
25
5
100
100

1
6
1 61

37

ln 3
25
5
100 + 5 100 + 5

1 1 61
37
1 6
ln

ln( + 5) +
ln( + 1)
5
100
100
3 25
Pero

1 6
1
61
37
ln 3 +
ln(3 + 5) +
ln(3 + 1) +
3 25
53
100
100

. +

( +)

( +)

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

Rpta

131

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

72.

de recurrencia
Resolucin

1
Haciendo

1 2

x = cos

dx = dcos = send

Sea n = par

## 3n sen(n+1) d = 3n (1 + cosn )2 send

n

= 3n (1 + cos2 )2 dcos

para n = 2 32 (1 + x 2 ) dx = 32 x +
4

para n = 4 3 (1 + x

2 )2

x5
x3
dx = 3 + 2 + x
5
3
4

para n = 6 36 (1 + x 2 )3 dx = 34

En general

x3

x7
x5
x3
+ 3 + 3 + x
7
5
3

=
+
+
+
+

Sea n = impar

In= sennd
Toribio Crdova Condori

1 2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

132

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

= 1 = 1 + ( 1) 2 2

=1+(1) 2
2

= 1 cos + ( 1)[2 ]
( 1) =

1 cos + (n 1)2

= 1 cos + (n 1)2
Reemplazando:

=
73.

( )() +()

Rpta

Calcular :
( + ) ( )
+

Resolucin

+
.

+ . +

Como:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

133

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

==

+
Como:

. + .

( )

( + ). + .

Haciendo:
1+u = t

. .
u

dv

= .

. .

= . .

= .
Como:

T= u+1

U= +

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

134

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

74.

## UNFV BASE 2009

Calcular :
=

+ +
+ + +

Resolucin
=

+ + +

particionando la integral:
=
=
=
=

+ + +
+

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

( + )( + + )

+

( + )( + + )

( + )

= + + +
=

+ + + . . ()

=
+ + +

Haciendo:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

135

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

+ =

+ + + + + ()

## Reemplanzando (2)en (1)

Como:

U= +
=

75.

+ + + + + +

+ + + + + + + + + +

Rpta

Calcular:

+
+ . . +
+

+
+
+ ( )

Resolucin
1

lim 3 + 2
+ 2
+ . . + 2

( + 3)
( + 6)
[ + 3( 1)]
1

lim 3 + 2
+ 2
+ . . + 2

( + 3)
( + 6)
[ + 3( 1)]
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

136

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
1

lim 3 +

(+3)

+
0

(+6)

+ . . +
0

[+3(1)]

1 1
1
1 1
1
1
1
1

lim 3 +
+
+ . . +

3 +3
6 +6
3( 1) + 1
3(1)

[] =
76.

Rpta

## Suponga que en nmero x (t) de lagartos en un pantano

satisface la ecuacin diferencial

## afirmar lo que ocurrir con esta poblacin a largo

plazo?

Resolucin

= (0.001) 2 (0.01)

() =

= (0.0001 2 0.01)

25 = 0 (0.0001 2 0.01)

3
2
( 25) = (0.0001) (0.01)
3
2

25 =

t
0

(0.0001) 3 (0.01) 2

3
2

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

137

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

77.

(.)

() = +

++

Calcular

(.)

Rpta

++

Resolucin

2
lim 1 + 2

2 + + 2

lim 1 +

22 ++2
2

lim 1 +
=

22 ++2
2
)( 2
)
2
2 ++2

22 ++2
2

22
lim 2
2 ++2

22 ++2
(
)
2

lim

2
1 2
2+ + 2

2
)
22 ++2

= 1

++

78.

1
lim 1 + =

++

Rpta

+ +

punto = (

en el punto (
(,

).

## ), probar que L corta el eje X

, ) y al eje y en el punto

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

138

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
Y

L
en + en en + en
A=(
,
)
2
2

x2 y2 = 1

L: y = ax + b

x, y > 0

y = x 2 1

dy

=
x 2 1

a=

en +en
2
n
e en

)2

en +en
en en

en + en
en + en en en
en en
=
= n

+
n
2
2
(en en )2 e e
=
=

en en 1 (en + en )2

2
2 en en
en + en
en en

en en
2

en + en
en en
0= n
.
e en
2
=

en +en en en
2

en+en

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

139

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
=

en en
2

x=0

79.

= ( )

Rpta

## Expresar el siguiente limite como una integral definida:

( ) + [( ) ( )] , [, ]

Resolucin

lim ( )2 + [( ) ( 1)]2

=1

( )( 1)

( ) =
, =

lim

=1

1 + 2 ( )

( ) + [( ) ( )] = [1 + 2 ( )]2

80.

Rpta

() = , () =
Resolucin

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

140

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

"( ) = (6 + 1)
( ) =

6 2
6(0)2
+ + 1 () =
+ 0 + 1 1 = 2
2
2

() = 3 2 + + 2
() = 3 +
(1) = 1 +

2
+ 2 + 2
2

() = (3 2 + + 2)

1
+ 2(1) + 2 = 06
2

3
+ 2 + 2 = 6
2

() = +
81.

2 =

7
2

Rpta

## Sea s y c dos funciones reales tales que () = ()

y () = (), ,

si se cumple que () = ,

() = demostramos que:

[()] + [()] =

Resolucin
() = ()

(x)
c"(x) = s
c(x)

c"(x) + c(x) = 0

c"(x) = c(x)

## Ensayando una solucin :

c"(x) = 2
Toribio Crdova Condori

c(x) =

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

141

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Remplazando :
( 2 + 1) = 0

= +

Solucin general :
c(x) = +

c (x) = () =
Tenemos las condiciones iniciales:
() = 0

(0) = 1

Remplazando:
+ =1

= =

1
2

c(x) =

() =

82.

a.

() =

[()] + [()] = [] + [] =

Rpta

Evaluar
=

(+ ) +(+ )

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

142

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
4

1
4
(1 + 4 )2
(1 + 3 )3
3
4 2
3
3 3
= 2

=
2

(1
+

(1
+

3
3

= 3 (1 + 4 )2
= 3, = 4,

1
2

1 1
+1
+ = + =0
2 2

1 + x4 = 2 4

x 4 = 2 1

2 = 4 +1

2 = 4x 5

1
= 5
2

1
1
1
1
1
t2
1
= x 3 (t 2 x 4 )2 5 dt = t 2 x 4 = t 2 2
= 2

1
2
2
2
1
2

1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
= 1 + 2
= + 2
= t + ln
=

2
1
2
1
2
2 +1
2 4
+1

Pero

4 +1

4 +1

1
+1 1
2

+ 1
4 +1
2 2
4
+
1
2

=
4

4 + 1 1
4 + 1 2

+ 1
2 2
4
4 + 1 + 2

= x 3 (1 + x 3 )3
= 3, = 3,

4
3
+1
2 4
6
+ = = = 2

3 3
3

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

143

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

1 + x3 = 3 3
t 3 = 3 + 1

3t 2 = 3 4
2 4

1
x = 3
1
3

= t x

1 + x 3

= x 3 (t 3 x 3 )3 (t 2 x 4 ) = x 3 4 x 4 (t 2 x 4 ) = x 3 t 2 =
=

t2(

3 1

3 1
1
1
t2 1

()
+

+ 2
2
t2
t2
t2

x3 t2

1 1 + x3

= (
) 3
+ 2
2

1 + x3

(1 + x 3 )2

4 + 1 1
4 + 1 2
= 2

3
+
2
2
2
2
4
1 + x 3
4 + 1 + 2

b.

+
++

(+ )

Rpta

Resolucin
1
1
cos 4 x + sen4 x = 1 2sen2 xcos 2 x = 1 4sen2 xcos 2 x = 1 sen2 2x
2
2

Reemplazando en la integral:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

144

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

1 2 sen2 2x
1

=
1

1 2 (1 cos 2 2x)
1

2
+ 2
2 2

2 2

1 2 + 2 cos2 2x
1

cos2x

= 2 2 2 + 2 2

1
1
= 2 + 2
2
2

11
1
= 2 +
2
22
2
+

Rpta

= | + | + +

c. = ( + )

Resolucin

1
= (3 + 1)
3

= ln(3 + 1) =
= =

2
2

3
3 + 1

2
1
2
ln(3 + 1)

6
2 3 + 1

2
1
1
ln(3 + 1) 3 1 +

6
18
3 + 1

( + )

( + ) +

Rpta

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

145

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

d. = [

()

+()

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin

coshx
x

dv

[ + ]2

() +
=

+ =

[+]2

=
1

(+)

(+)
2

e. =

(+ )

Resolucin

1
=
=
[]2 2

1
+

(+)

(+)

+ +

Rpta

1 + sen2 x = 2 cos2
(2+cos2 x)

2cos2xsenx dx
2dx

= 2cos2 x

(cos2 x)

2cos2 x senx dx
senx

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

146

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
=

dx

cos 2 x

senx

cos2x

senx

1
1

dx
2 senx

senx = u2

= 2 (1 u2 )2

u = sen

1 u2
2

(1u2 )1u2

du = cosd
3

## = 2 (1 sen2 )2 cosd = 2 cos3 cosd

= 2 2 d = 2tan = 2tan (arcsen(u))
=2

1 2
2

1 + 2

=2

1
1

,
2

1
1

,
2
1

cos

= u2
= u2

du = cos d

1 2

=2

2 (12 )

u = sen

=
2 1 2
1

=
=
=
2 12
2
2
1
1
= () = ()
2
2
Toribio Crdova Condori

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

147

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

(+ )

f. =
Resolucin

= +

+
+

Rpta

## Aplicamos el mtodo siguiente:

Entonces:

+
= + | + | +
+

3 + 2
= + |2 + 3| +
2 + 3

Derivando:

3 + 2
(2 3)
=+
2 + 3
2 + 3
3+2

2+3

2A 3B = 3

3A + 2B = 2

A=

12
,
13

B=

5
13

2+3+23
2+3

3 + 2 = (2 3) + (3 + 2)

83.

a.

| + | +

Rpta

Evaluar

= ( ) ( ) ();

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

148

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL

## UNFV BASE 2009

Resolucin
1

(x a)p1
(x a)
=
=

p+1
(x b)
(x b)

(x b)2

Sea:
=

( ) ( )2

Reemplazando:
=

(x a)p1

= u(1)
p+1
(x b)
(a b)
=

= :

1
1
u(1) =
+
(a b)
(a b)

(x a)p1
1

+
(x b)p+1
p(a b)

( ) ( ) () = () +

b.

= (

+ +

Rpta

()

Resolucin
Dividiendo entre x:

## UNFV / Educacin Secundaria / Matemtica Fsica

149

CALCULO DIFERENCIAL
= (

1)

x + 1 + x 4

d(x);

Sea = + :

1
1 + x 4
2

t =x + 2+2 t 2=

dt = 1

c.

( + +)

1
dt

dx

= dx
1
2
1

()

Resolucin
2 + 1
=

() =

( 2 1)

4 +3 2 +1

()

() =

Remplazamos:
( 2 1)

( 4 +3 2+1).

( 4 +3 2 +1)

( + +)

( 2 1)

() =

4 +3 2 +1
( 2 1)

()

()

() =

Rpta

150