Drilling the Middle Bakken

Drilling the Middle Bakken
Kelly Olds Kelly Olds
Whiting Petroleum Corporation Whiting Petroleum Corporation
1 1
Whiting Petroleum Corporation
Whiting Petroleum Corporation

Went Public in Nov 2003
Went Public in Nov 2003

Market Cap
Market Cap
$1.8 B
$1.8 B

Proved Reserves
Proved Reserves
250.8 MMBOE
250.8 MMBOE

Production 9/08
Production 9/08
51.7
51.7
mboe/d
mboe/d
2 2
3 3
4 4
Bakken Interval
Bakken Interval
Well Configuration?
Well Configuration?
Or
Or
640 acres
1280 acres
Original Tri
Original Tri
-
-
lateral Design
lateral Design
Single
Single
-
-
leg Horizontal
leg Horizontal
Sliding Sleeves (10)
Swell Packers (9)
Components of System
Components of System

Oil Swelling open
Oil Swelling open
-
-
hole packers
hole packers
- - 3 3´ ´x5.75 x5.75¨ ¨ tools in 6.00 tools in 6.00¨ ¨ hole hole

Sliding Sleeves (ball actuated)
Sliding Sleeves (ball actuated)
- - Slotted frac ports Slotted frac ports
- - Spaced 900 Spaced 900´ ´ apart apart

Double Float
Double Float
-
-
shoe and Float collar
shoe and Float collar
- - For wellbore isolation For wellbore isolation
- - Could use P Could use P- -sleeve sleeve

Liner hanger/packer
Liner hanger/packer
Oil
Oil
-
-
Swelling,
Swelling,
Open
Open
-
-
hole Packer
hole Packer
3
3


x 5.75
x 5.75


element
element
Swell Packer Predictor
Swell Packer Predictor
Typical Bakken Frac Design
Typical Bakken Frac Design
1.8 Million lbs proppant
600,000 lbs 100 mesh
1,200,000 lbs 20/40 sand
18,000 barrels fluid
30-40 BPM
Continuous 10-12 hrs. pumping
"Hybrid" Frac design
8 stage frac
8 stage frac
3/14/2008
10:00 12:00 14:00 16:00 18:00
3/14/2008
20:00
Time
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
A
0
10
20
30
40
50
B
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
C
Treating Pressure (psi)
Calc'd Bottomhole Pr (psi)
Slurry Rate (bpm)
Slurry Proppant Conc (lb/gal)
Bottomhole Proppant Conc (lb/gal)
Hydrostatic Pressure (psi)
A
A
B
C
C
D
11
10
9
8 7 6 5 4
3
2
1
1
Two Frac stages
Two Frac stages
with varying treating Pressures
with varying treating Pressures
12/4/2007
18:40 19:00 19:20 19:40 20:00
12/4/2007
20:20
Time
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
A
0
10
20
30
40
50
B
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
C
Treating Pressure (psi) Calc'd Bottomhole Pr (psi)
Slurry Rate (bpm) Slurry Proppant Conc (lb/gal)
Bottomhole Proppant Conc (lb/gal)
A A
B C
C
16 16
Wellbore Diagram
Wellbore Diagram

80'' 16" Conductor
13-1/2" Hole
2,000' Surface:
9-5/8" 36# J55 LTC
8 3/4" Hole
Est. TOC 1,000' above Dakota Silt
2-7/8" production tubing to KOP
build rate 11°/100 ft.
PRODUCTION CASING: TD @ 20,000' MD
7" 29# N-80 LTC 10,300' TVD
17 17
Surface Hole
Surface Hole

13
13
½¨
½¨
hole
hole
-
-
50
50
´
´
into Pierre Shale
into Pierre Shale
±
±
2,000
2,000
´
´

9
9
-
-
5/8
5/8
¨
¨
36# J
36# J
-
-
55 STC
55 STC

Problems
Problems
- - Lost Returns Lost Returns
Drill blind if possible Drill blind if possible
Cement if needed Cement if needed
18 18
Vertical Section
Vertical Section

OBM in 8
OBM in 8
¾¨
¾¨
hole
hole

MW 9.6 to 9.8
MW 9.6 to 9.8

Unmanned MWD for surveys
Unmanned MWD for surveys

Dakota Silt
Dakota Silt

Salts
Salts
- - Dunham, Pine, Opeche, Charles Dunham, Pine, Opeche, Charles

Nitrogen kicks
Nitrogen kicks
-
-
Minnekahta
Minnekahta

Lost Circ
Lost Circ
-
-
Mission Canyon
Mission Canyon

H
H
2 2
S
S
-
-
(Bakken is Sweet)
(Bakken is Sweet)
19 19
Directional Plan
Directional Plan
20 20
Build Section
Build Section

11
11
°
°
/100
/100
´
´
build rate
build rate

2.38
2.38
°
°
fixed motor
fixed motor

PDC bit
PDC bit

Raise MW to 10.1+
Raise MW to 10.1+

Casing Point must cross hard line
Casing Point must cross hard line
21 21
7
7


Casing
Casing

7
7
¨
¨
29# L
29# L
-
-
80 LTC
80 LTC

7
7
¨
¨
32# HCL
32# HCL
-
-
80 LTC
80 LTC
-
-
200
200
´
´
above & below salts
above & below salts

Top of Tail cement
Top of Tail cement
-
-
500
500
´
´
above salt
above salt

Top of lead cement
Top of lead cement
-
-
1,000
1,000
´
´
above
above
Dakota
Dakota
22 22
Why Underbalanced Drilling?
Why Underbalanced Drilling?

Not an issue until you hit a fracture
Not an issue until you hit a fracture

Pore Pressure
Pore Pressure
-
-
West Side
West Side
±
±
12.5 lb/gal
12.5 lb/gal
-
-
East Side
East Side
±
±
14.0 lb/gal
14.0 lb/gal

Ballooning?
Ballooning?
-
-
Lost circ
Lost circ
vs
vs
Flow
Flow
23 23
Underbalanced Drilling
Underbalanced Drilling

Rotating head rated to 2,500 psi.
Rotating head rated to 2,500 psi.

Hold 500 psi on annulus
Hold 500 psi on annulus

Drill w/5
Drill w/5
-
-
30
30
´
´
flare
flare

Trip w/800 psi to casing shoe
Trip w/800 psi to casing shoe

Spot Kill mud in casing
Spot Kill mud in casing
11 11 “ “ 5000 psi 5000 psi
rotating head & BOP system rotating head & BOP system
7” casing rams
Blind Rams
Variable pipe rams
Annular
Rotating
head
Ground level
23 “
59 “
83 “
116 “
140 “
188 “
285”
269”
Table level
Casing bowl & head
30 Ft
Spacer spool
Mud cross drilling choke
Mud cross Choke & kill lines
7” orbit valve
91”
Well press gauges
Pioneer rig 66
318 “
263 “
247 “
180“
Speed spool
25 25
Drill Lateral
Drill Lateral

6
6
¨
¨
hole w/PDC bit
hole w/PDC bit

1
1
½
½
°
°
bent motor
bent motor

Max dogleg 5.0
Max dogleg 5.0
°
°
/100 ft
/100 ft

4
4
¨
¨
XT39 drill pipe
XT39 drill pipe

OBM
OBM
vs
vs
Water
Water
26 26
OBM
OBM
vs
vs
Water
Water
OBM
OBM

Raise MW as
Raise MW as
needed
needed

Less drag
Less drag

Less pipe wear
Less pipe wear
Water
Water

Faster
Faster

Cheaper
Cheaper

More pipe wear
More pipe wear

Limited Density
Limited Density
27 27
Torque & Drag
Torque & Drag

Not much problem until
Not much problem until
±
±
16,000
16,000
´
´

Max Torque
Max Torque
±
±
20,000 ft/lbs
20,000 ft/lbs

Lube sweeps
Lube sweeps
-
-
various brands
various brands

Agitator / shock sub
Agitator / shock sub

Beads
Beads
-
-
Bead recovery units
Bead recovery units
28 28
4
4
½”
½”
Liner
Liner

Reamer run
Reamer run
-
-
3 x 5
3 x 5
-
-
7/8
7/8
¨
¨
mills
mills

Spot lube
Spot lube

Work liner if necessary
Work liner if necessary

Buckling problem at 16,000
Buckling problem at 16,000
´
´
+
+
29 29
Drilling Curve
Drilling Curve
Kinnoin 11-14H
0 ft
2,000 ft
4,000 ft
6,000 ft
8,000 ft
10,000 ft
12,000 ft
14,000 ft
16,000 ft
18,000 ft
20,000 ft
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Days
D
e
p
t
h
Plan
Kinnoin 11-14H
Surface Csg @ 2100 ft
KOP #1 @ 9294 ft
7" casing @ 10112 ft
TD @ 19813 ft
Sanish Field Well Results
Sanish Field Well Results
31 31
Questions?
Questions?