, Switzerland, Morocco, Italy, United States of America, Nigeria, Israel, Sweden, Georgia, Kenya, Turkey QUESTION OF: Legal Framework for International Intervention THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, Recalling the Security Council’s commitment to maintaining international peace and security, Emphasizing the Security Council’s imperative duty to stand for the defenseless and those in need of protection during times of conflict, Endorsing Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a set of norms, Keeping in mind the three pillars of R2P, in which the responsibilities of the states and the international community are dictated, Noting that R2P’s principles can easily be abused and used to justify force, thus inflicting on human rights, Recognizing the need for regional mechanisms to reflect the growing importance of human rights in many nations, Believing that the implementation of R2P should be intended to promote human security through the advancement of democracy and protection of human rights, 1. Proposes to extend the scope of R2P in order to , when the nation fails to protest its own people, protect citizens affected by natural catastrophes, such as (but not limited to): a. Famine; b. Natural disasters; 2. Suggests that the United Nations should respect the rights and sovereignty of a country unless directly contradicting the objectives of the United Nations when the country in question is capable of resolving the situation on its own; 3. Encourages the United Nations to use minimum necessary military means to restore order when a state is no longer upholding responsibilities and/or is abusing its sovereignty;

4. Calls for all decisions regarding military or humanitarian intervention by the United Nations to fulfill all of the six criteria of the International Commission for Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) Report in 2001, that is: a. Any form of military interventions initiated under the premise of responsibility to protect must fulfill the six ICISS criteria in order to be justified as an extraordinary measure of intervention: i. Just Cause - The threat is a serious and irreparable harm occurring to human beings; ii. Right Intention - The main intention of the military action is to prevent human suffering and there should not be other motives. Such as in cases of natural catastrophes, use of military weapons is not appropriate and is not justified but military intervention though the delivery of troops could be necessary; iii. Final Resort - Every other measure besides military invention has been taken into account. This does not mean that every measurement has to be applied and failed, but that there are reasonable grounds to believe that only military action would work in that situation; iv. Legitimate Authority - The action of military intervention has to be authorised by the Security Council; v.Proportional Means - Only the minimum necessary military means are being applied to secure human protection; vi. Reasonable Prospect - The military action must succeed in protecting human life. It should be considered that the consequences of this action could be worse than non-intervention; 5. Recommends that the veto powers of the five permanent members of the Security Council can be made invalid when the majority of the other members of the Council vote against the veto powers / vote for the temporary disablement of the veto powers regarding R2P only; 6. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Committee: United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs Main Submitter: Libya Co-sponsors: Syria, Iran, Russia, Uganda, PLO, North Korea, Germany Topic: Legal Framework of International Intervention Recalling all previous efforts of international intervention by United Nations peacekeeping forces (in cases of humanitarian crisis), Reaffirming the importance of national sovereignty and territorial integrity of each state as stated in the United Nations Charter, Recognizing the important role of the international community in enforcing regional and international security, Aware of the responsibility of foreign states to act in the event of severe human rights violations, Bearing in mind the fact that humanitarian intervention can be used as a pretext for foreign intervention, 1. Urges international community to protect states’ rights to sovereignty in accordance with the U.N. Charter by: a. seeking consent of and giving notification to host country before invoking the Responsibility to protect (R2P); b. ensuring the neutrality of intervention forces; 2. Calls for further discussion by the international community to settle on details of the legal framework, such as: a. Clear guidelines stating when to consider peace is established and that a state is stabilized; b. Timeframe for international intervention to retreat and hand back all sovereignty to the subjected states; c. Prohibitions entailed in intervention; 3. Calls for establishment of clear guidelines to regulate the behaviour of international forces in times of humanitarian intervention such as : a. foreign forces are abide by international law; b. rights of jurisdiction lie in hands of international law; c. international community must withdraw forces when host country decline intervention; 4. Deplores the countries who inflict harm on the intervened state in terms of: a. affront to sovereignty; b. amplifying humanitarian problems; 5. Suggests setting up a designated committee, elected through the general assembly through a democratic fashion [Libya], responsible for the following: a. addressing concerns of all member states of the United Nations regarding the Responsibility to Protect; b. Balancing each states’ rights to sovereignty and responsibility of foreign actors to intervene;

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c. monitoring and evaluating the progress of intervention; d. indicating the effectiveness of intervention and justifying their stay or withdrawal; Calls for international community to declare their vested interest in the host countries; Requests a condition for international intervention that is clearly defined in terms of: a. When and how much international intervention is needed to provide aid in relation to the intensity of the issue at hand; Calls upon all nations to respect state’s sovereignty throughout intervention process in the subjected states; Urges nations not to abuse and manipulate the principle of Responsibility to protect by: a. prioritizing the will of the people of the subjected states in deciding their future; b. using military intervention as a last resort.

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