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285

Modulus and Direction cosines of Vector Basic Level

1. The perimeter of a triangle with sides 3 i + 4 j + 5 k , 4 i 3 j 5 k and 7 i + j is (a) 2. 450 (b) 150 (c) 50 (d) 200
[MP PET 1991]

The magnitudes of mutually perpendicular forces a, b and c are 2, 10 and 11 respectively. Then the magnitude of its resultant is
[IIT 1984]

3.

13 3

(d) None of these

[MP PET 1996]

(c)

3 13

(d)

4 13
[MP PET 2000]

4. 5.

The position vectors of A and B are 2i 9j 4k, and 6i 3j + 8k respectively, then the magnitude of AB is (a) 11 (b) 12 (c) 13 (d) 14 If the position vectors of P and Q are (i + 3 j 7 k ) and (5 i 2 j + 4 k ) , then | PQ | is (a)
158

[MP PET 2001]

(b)

160

(c)

161

(d)

162
[Karnataka CET 2002]

6.

3

(b) 3

(d) 0 (d) p = 1 (d) | a + b | | a | + | b |

7. 8. 9.

Let a = i + j + p k and b = i + j + k , then | a + b | =| a | + | b | , holds for (a) All real p (b) No real p For any two vectors a and b, which of the following is true (a) | a + b | | a | + | b | (b) | a + b | = | a | + | b |

If a and b are the adjacent sides of a parallelogram, then | a + b | =| a b | is a necessary and sufficient condition for the parallelogram to be a (a) Rhombus (b) Square (c) Rectangle The direction cosines of vector a = 3 i + 4 j + 5 k in the direction of positive axis of x, is (a)
3 50

(d) Trapezium
[MP PET 1991]

10.

(b)

4 50

(c)

3 50

(d)

4 50

11. 12.

A force is a (a) Unit vector A zero vector has (a) Any direction

(d) Free vector (d) None of these

13. The perimeter of the triangle whose vertices have the position vectors (i + j + k ) , (5 i + 3 j 3 k ) and (2i + 5 j + 9 k ) is given by
[MP PET 1993]

(a) 15 + 157 14.

(b) 15 157

(c)

15 157

(d)

15 + 157
[Karnataka CET 1999]

(b) Obtuse angled

(c) Equilateral

(d) Isosceles

The vectors AB = 3 i + 4 k and AC = 5 i 2 j + 4 k are the sides of a triangle ABC. The length of the median through A is
[AIEEE 2003]

(a) 16.

18

(b)

72

(c)

33

(d)

288

If a and b are two unit vectors inclined at an angle 2 to each other, then | a + b | < 1 , if (a)

< <

2 3

(b) <

(c) >

2 3

(d) =

2
[MNR 1989]

17.

If the position vectors of A and B are i + 3 j 7 k and 5 i 2 j + 4 k , then the direction cosine of AB along y- axis is (a)
4 162

(b)

5 162

(c) 5

(d) 11

18.

The position vectors of four points A, B, C, D lying in plane are a, b, c, d respectively. They satisfy the relation | a d | =| b d | =| c d | , then the point D is (a) Centroid of ABC (b) Circumcentre of ABC (c) Orthocentre of ABC (d) Incentre of ABC

19.

In a parallelopiped the ratio of the sum of the squares on the four diagonals to the sum of the squares on the three coterminous edges is (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 1

Addition of Vectors Basic Level

20. P is the point of intersection of the diagonals of the parallelogram ABCD. If O is any point, then OA + OB + OC + OD =
[Rajasthan PET 1989]

(a) 21.

OP

(b)

2OP

(c)

3 OP 62 2 35
PA + PB + PC = 0

(d) 4 OP
[MP PET 1987]

If p = 7 i 2 j + 3 k and q = 3 i + j + 5 k , then the magnitude of p 2q is (a)

29
PA + PB = PC

(b) 4
PA + PB = 2 PC

(c)

(d)

66
[MNR 1991, UPSEAT 2000]

22.

If C is the middle point of AB and P is any point outside AB, then (a) (b) (c) (d) If a = 2 i + 5 j and b = 2 i j , then the unit vector along a + b will be (a) ij
2

PA + PB + 2 PC = 0
[Rajasthan PET 1985, 1995]

23.

(b) i + j

(c)

2 (i + j)

(d)

i+j 2
[Roorkee 1977]

24.

What should be added in vector a = 3 i + 4 j 2 k to get its resultant a unit vector i (a)
2i 4 j + 2 k

(b) 2i + 4 j 2 k
3i + 5 j + 4 k 50

(c)

2i + 4 j 2 k 3i + 5 j + 4 k 5 2

[Roorkee 1980]

25.

If a = i + 2 j + 3 k , b = i + 2 j + k and c = 3 i + j , then the unit vector along its resultant is

(a) 3 i + 5 j + 4 k
26. 27.

(b)

(c)

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1984]

In the triangle ABC, AB = a , AC = c , BC = b , then (a)

a +b +c = 0

(b) a + b c = 0

(c)

a b +c = 0

(d) a + b + c = 0
[MNR 1984]

If a has magnitude 5 and points north-east and vector b has magnitude 5 and points north-west, then | a b | = (a) 25 (b) 5 (c)
7 3

(d) 5 2
[EAMCET 1994]

28.

If | a | = 3 , | b | = 4 and | a + b | = 5 , then | a b | = (a) 6 (b) 5 (c) 4 (d) 3 If the sum of two unit vectors is a unit vector, then the angle between them is equal to

29.

[MP PET 1999; UPSEAT 2000; Rajasthan PET 2002; Roorkee 1998]

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2 3

30.

DE

(b) 3 DE

(c)

2 DE

(d) 4 ED

31.

If a 0, b 0 and | a + b | =| a b | , then the vectors a and b are

[MNR 1988; IIT Screening 1989; MP PET 1990, 97; Rajasthan PET 1984, 90, 96, 99; Karnataka CET 1999; Roorkee 1986]

o

(b) Perpendicular to each other (d) Neither perpendicular nor parallel

[Rajasthan PET 1985]

If ABCDEF is a regular hexagon and AB + AC + AD + AE + AF = AD ,then = (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 6 If O be the circumcentre and O' be the orthocentre of a triangle ABC, then OA + OB + OC = (a)
2OO '

33.

[MNR 1987, EAMCET 1994]

(b)

2 O' O
o

(c)

OO '

(d) O' O
[MP PET 1991]

34.

Let a = i be a vector which makes an angle of 120 with a unit vector b. Then the unit vector (a + b) is (a)
1 3 i+ j 2 2

(b)

3 1 i+ j 2 2

(c)

1 3 i+ j 2 2

(d)

3 1 i j 2 2
[MP PET 1998]

35.

If be the angle between the unit vectors a and b, then cos (a)
1 | a b| 2

(b)

1 | a + b| 2

(c)

| a b| | a + b|

(d)

| a + b| | a b|

36.

[MP PET 1989; Bihar CEE 1994]

(c)

(d)

37.

If ABCD is a parallelogram, AB = 2 i + 4 j 5 k and AD = i + 2 j + 3 k , then the unit vector in the direction of BD is [Roorkee 1976] (a)
1 69 (i + 2 j 8 k )

(b)

1 (i + 2 j 8 k ) 69

(c)

1 69

(i 2 j + 8 k )

(d)

1 (i 2 j + 8 k ) 69

38.

If a and b are unit vectors making an angle with each other then | a b | is (a) 1 (b) 0 (c)
cos

[BIT Ranchi 1991; Karnataka CET 2000, 01]

(d)

2 sin

39.

If the moduli of the vectors a, b, c are 3, 4, 5 respectively and a and b + c, b and c + a, c and a + b are mutually perpendicular, then the modulus of a + b + c is [IIT 1981] (a)
12

(b) 12

(c)

5 2

(d) 50
2 3

40.

If a and b are unit vectors and a b is also a unit vector, then the angle between a and b is [Rajasthan PET 1991; MP PET 1995] (a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

41.

If in a triangle AB = a , AC = b and D, E are the mid-points of AB and AC respectively, then DE is equal to [Rajasthan PET 1986] (a)
a b 4 4

(b)

a b 2 2

(c)

b a 4 4

(d)

b a 2 2

42.

ABCDE is a pentagon. Forces AB , AE , DC, ED act at a point. Which force should be added to this system to make the resultant 2 AC (a)
AC
[MNR 1984]

(b)

(c)

BC

(d)

BD
[MNR 1984]

43.

AC + AF + AB

(b)

AC + AF AB

(c)

AC + AB AF

(d) None of these

[IIT 1988]

44.

3 OD + DA + DB + DC =

(a)

OA + OB OC

(b) OA + OB BD

(c)

OA + OB + OC

45.

5 OC

[IIT 1988]

(b) OC

(c)

OC

(d) None of these

[IIT 1983]

46.

If | AO + OB | =| BO + OC | , then A, B, C form (a) Equilateral triangle (b) Right angled triangle (c) Isosceles triangle (d) Line

47.

Three forces of magnitudes 1, 2, 3 dynes meet in a point and act along diagonals of three adjacent faces of a cube. The resultant force is [MNR 1987] (a) 114 dynes (b) 6 dynes (c) 5 dynes (d) None of these If p + q + r = 0, | p | = 3, | q | = 5,| r | = 7 . Then angle between p and q is
[UPSEAT 2001; Kurukshetra CEE 1998; AIEEE 2002, MP PET 2002]

48.

(a) 49.

16

(b)

2 3

(c)

(d)

If A, B, C are the vertices of a triangle whose position vectors are a, b, c and G is the centroid of the ABC , then
GA + GB + GC is
[Karnataka CET 2000; MP PET 1997]

(a) 0 50.

(b)

A+B+C

(c)

a+b+c 3 4i 4 j 1 | x y | is equal to 2

(d)

a b c 3
[MP PET 2001]

If a = 3 i 2 j + k , b = 2 i 4 j 3 k and c = i + 2 j + 2 k , then a + b + c is (a)

3i 4 j

(b) 3 i + 4 j

(c)

(d) 4 i + 4 j
[UPSEAT 2001]

51.

If x and y are two unit vectors and is the angle between them, then (a) 0 (b) / 2 (c) 1

(d) / 4
[EAMCET 2003]

52.

If D, E, F are respectively the mid points of AB, AC and BC in ABC , then BE + AF = (a)
DC

(b)

1 BF 2

(c)

2 BF

(d)

3 BF 2

53.

If ABCD is a rhombus whose diagonals cut at the origin O, then OA + OB + OC + OD equals (a)
AB + AC

(b) O

(c)

2( AB + BC )

(d)

AC + BD
[EAMCET 2001]

54.

ABCD is a parallelogram with AC and BD as diagonals. Then AC BD = (a)

4 AB

(b) 3 AB

(c)

2 AB

(d)

AB
[Roorkee 2000]

55.

The vectors b and c are in the direction of north-east and north-west respectively and | b | =| c | = 4 . The magnitude and direction of the vector d = c b , are (a)
4 2 , towards north

(d) 4, towards south

[UPSEAT 2002]

56.

Let a and b be two unit vectors inclined at an angle , then sin( / 2) is equal to (a)
1 | a b| 2

(b)

1 | a + b| 2

(c) | a b |

(d) | a + b |
[EAMCET 2003; Bihar CEE 1989]

57.

If a, b, c are three vectors such that a = b + c and the angle between b and c is / 2 , then (a)
a =b +c
2 2 2

(b) b = c + a
2 2

(c)

c =a +b
2 2

(d)

2a 2 b 2 = c 2

(Note : Here a =| a |, b =| b |, c =| c | )

58.

If a , b , c are three vectors of equal magnitude and the angle between each pair of vectors is
| a | is equal to

such that | a + b + c | = 6 then

(a) 2 59.

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d)

1 6 3

Let a, b, c be three unit vectors such that | a + b + c | = 1 and a b . If c makes angles , with a, b respectively then
cos + cos is equal to 3 2 2 10

(a) 60.

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) None of these

A vector of magnitude 2 along a bisector of the angle between the two vectors 2 i 2 j + k and i + 2 j 2 k is (a)
(3 i k )

(b)

1 26

(i 4 j + 3 k )

(c)

2 26

(i 4 j + 3 k )

(d) None of these

61.

The vector i + x j + 3 k is rotated through an angle and doubled in magnitude, then it becomes 4 i + (4 x 2)j + 2 k . The value of x is (a)
2 3 1 3 2 3

(b)

(c)

(d) 2

62.

If I is the centre of a circle inscribed in a triangle ABC, then | BC | IA+ | CA | IB + | AB | IC is (a) 0 (b)
IA + IB + IC

(c)

IA + IB + IC 3

(d) None of these

63.

If the vector i + j k bisects the angle between the vector e and the vector 3 i + 4 j, then the unit vector in the direction of e is (a)
1 (11 i + 10 j + 2 k ) 15

(b)

1 (11 i 10 j + 2 k ) 15

(c)

1 (11 i + 10 j 2 k ) 15

(d)

1 (11 i + 10 j + 2 k ) 15

64.

The sides of a parallelogram are 2 i + 4 j 5 k , i + 2 j + 3 k ,then the unit vector parallel to one of the diagonals (a)
1 (3 i + 6 j 2 k ) 7

(b)

1 (3 i 6 j 2 k ) 7

(c)

1 (3 i + 6 j 2 k ) 7

(d)

1 (3 i + 6 j + 2 k ) 7

65.

A point O is the centre of a cricle circumscribed about a triangle ABC. Then OA sin 2 A + OB sin 2 B + OC sin 2 C is equal to (a) (OA + OB + OC ) sin 2 A (c)
O

(b) 3 . OG , where G is the centroid of triangle ABC (d) None of these

[DCE 1997]

66.

If a + b + c = d, b + c + d = a and a, b, c are non-coplanar, then the sum of a + b + c + d = (a) 0 (b) ( 1)d + ( 1)a (c)
( 1)d ( 1)a

(d) ( 1)d + ( 1)a

67.

Let a and b be two non-parallel unit vectors in a plane. If the vectors (a + b ) bisects the internal angle between a and b, then

is
(a) 68.
1 2

(b) 1
o

(c) 2

(d) 4

The horizontal force and the force inclined at an angle 60 with the vertical, whose resultant is in vertical direction of P kg, are
[IIT 1983]

(a) P, 2P 69.

(b)

P, P 3

(c)

2 P, P 3

(d) None of these

If the resultant of two forces is of magnitude P and equal to one of them and perpendicular to it, then the other force is [MNR 1986] (a)
P 2

(b) P

(c)

P 3

(d) None of these

70.

ABC is an isosceles triangle right angled at A. Forces of magnitude 2 2 , 5 and 6 act along BC, CA and AB respectively. The magnitude of their resultant force is (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 11 + 2 2
o

[Roorkee 1999]

(d) 30
7 Q , then P / Q is [Roorkee 1999]

71.

If the resultant of two forces of magnitudes P and Q acting at a point at an angle of 60 is (a) 1 (b) 3/2 (c) 2

(d) 4

72.

Five points given by A, B, C, D, E are in a plane. Three forces AC, AD and AE act at A and three forces CB , DB, EB act at B. Then their resultant is
[AMU 2001]

(a)

2 AC

(b) 3 AB

(c)

3 DB

(d)

2 BC

Position Vectors Basic Level

73.

If a, b, c are the position vectors of the vertices A, B, C of the triangle ABC, then the centroid of ABC is (a)
a+b+c 3

(b)

1 b+c a + 2 2

(c)

a+

b +c 2

(d)

a+b+c 2

74.

A P B

[Rajasthan PET 1981; MP PET 1988]

(a) 75.

m a + nb m +n

(b)

na + m b m +n

(c)

m a nb

(d)

m a nb m n
[MP PET 1988]

The position vectors of A and B are i j + 2 k and 3 i j + 3 k . The position vector of the middle point of the line AB is
1 1 i j+k 2 2 5 k 2 3 1 3 i j+ k 2 2 2

(a) 76.

(b)

2i j +

(c)

(d) None of these

If the position vectors of the points A and B are i + 3 j k and 3 i j 3 k , then what will be the position vector of the mid point of AB (a)
i + 2j k
[MP PET 1992]

(b)

2i + j 2 k

(c)

2i + j k

(d) i + j 2 k
[Ranchi BIT 1992]

77.

The position vectors of two points A and B are i + j k and 2 i j + k respectively. Then | AB | = (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5

78.

The position vector of the points which divides internally in the ratio 2 : 3 the join of the points 2a 3 b and 3 a 2 b , is
[Al CBSE 1985]

(a) 79.

12 13 a+ b 5 5 a + 2b 3

(b)

12 13 a b 5 5 2a + b 3

(c)

3 2 a b 5 5 a+2 3

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1996]

If a and b are P.V. of two points A, B, and C divides AB in ratio 2 : 1, then P.V. of C is (a) (b) (c) (d)
a+b 2

80.

If three points A, B, C whose position vector are respectively i 2 j 8 k, 5 i 2 k and 11 i + 3 j + 7 k are collinear, then the ratio in which B divides AC is (a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 3 (b) i j (c) 2 : 1
i + j
[Rajasthan PET 1999]

(d) 1 : 1
[Rajasthan PET 2001]

81.

If O is the origin and C is the mid point of A (2, 1) and B (4, 3). Then value of OC is (a)
i+j

(c)

(d) i j
[MP PET 2003]

82.

If the position vectors of P and Q are i + 3 j 7 k and 5 i 2 j + 4 k respectively, then PQ is equal to (a)
4 i + 5 j 11 k

(b) 4 i 5 j + 11 k

(c)

i + j+k

(d) None of these

83.

The position vectors of two vertices and the centroid of a triangle are i + j, 2 i j + k and k respectively. The position vector of the third vertex of the triangle is (a)
2 k 3

3 i + 2 k

(b) 3 i 2 k

(c)

i+

(d) None of these

84.

The position vector of three consecutive vertices of a parallelogram are i + j + k , i + 3 j + 5 k and 7 i + 9 j + 11 k respectively.

The position vector of the fourth vertex is

(a) 7(i + j + k ) (b) 5(i + j + k ) (c)
6 i + 8 j + 10 k

(d) None of these

85. If a and b are the position vectors of A and B respectively, then the position vector of a point C on AB produced such that
AC = 3 AB is
[MNR 1980; MP PET 1995, 1999]

(a) 3a b 86.

(b) 3b a

(c) 3a 2b

(d) 3b 2a
[MNR 1982]

AB = CD

(b)

AB || CD

(c)

AB CD

(d) None of these

87.

The position vector of a point C with respect to B is i + j and that of B with respect to A is i j . The position vector of C with respect to A is (a) 2i (b) 2j (c) 2j (d) 2i
[MP PET 1989]

88.

A and B are two points. The position vector of A is 6b 2a. A point P divides the line AB in the ratio 1 : 2. If a b is the position vector of P , then the position vector of B is given by [MP PET 1993] (a) 7 a 15 b (b) 7 a + 15 b (c) 15 a 7 b (d) 15 a + 7 b
[MNR 1987]

89.

The points D, E, F divide BC, CA and AB of the triangle ABC in the ratio 1 : 4, 3 : 2 and 3 : 7 respectively and the point K divides AB in the ratio 1 : 3, then ( AD + BE + CF ) : CK is equal to (a) 1 : 1 (b) 2 : 5 (c) 5 : 2 (d) None of these

90.

The point B divides the arc AC of a quadrant of a circle in the ratio 1 : 2. If O is the centre and OA = a and OB = b , then the vector OC is (a) b 2a (b) 2a b (b) Isosceles triangle (c) 3b 2a (c) Equilateral triangle (d) None of these
[EAMCET 1988] [MNR 1988]

91. 92.

The point having position vectors 2 i + 3 j + 4 k, 3 i + 4 j + 2 k, 4 i + 2 j + 3 k are the vectices of (a) Right angled triangle (d) Collinear

Let p and q be the position vectors of P and Q respectively with respect to O and | p | = p , | q | = q. The points R and S divide PQ internally and externally in the ratio 2 : 3 respectively. If OR and OS are perpendicular,then (a)
9 p = 4q
2 2

[IIT Screening 1994]

(b) 4 p = 9 q
2

(c)

9 p = 4q

(d) 4 p = 9 q

93.

The position vectors of the points A, B, C are (2 i + j k ), (3 i 2 j + k ) and (i + 4 j 3 k ) respectively. These points
[Haryana CET 2002]

(b)

(c) Are collinear

(d)

ABCDEF is a regular hexagon where centre O is the origin. If the position vectors of A and B are i j + 2 k and 2 i + j k respectively, then BC is equal to (a)
i j + 2k

(b) i + j 2 k

(c)

3i + 3 j 4 k

(d) None of these

95.

Let AB = 3 i + j k and AC = i j + 3 k . If the point P on the line segment BC is equidistant from AB and AC, then AP is (a)

2i k

(b) i 2 k

(c)

2i + k

(d) None of these

96.

If 4 i + 7 j + 8 k, 2 i + 3 j + 4 k, and 2 i + 5 j + 7 k are the position vectors of the vertices A, B and C respectively of triangle ABC. The position vector of the point where the bisector of angle A meets BC, is (a)
2 (6 i 8 j 6 k ) 3 2 (6 i + 8 j + 6 k ) 3 1 (6 i + 13 j + 18 k ) 3 1 (5 j + 12 k ) 3

(b)

(c)

(d)

97.

a = 3, b = 3

[Rajasthan PET 1996]

(d) 4
[Rajasthan PET 1986; MP PET 1988]

98.

The vectors 3 i + j 5 k and ai + b j 15 k are collinear, if (a)

a = 3, b = 1

(c)

(d) a = 9, b = 3
[MP PET 1998]

99. 100.

If a = (1, 1) and b = (2, m) are two collinear vectors, then m = (a) 4 (a) (c) (b) 3 (c) 2 (b) (d) (d) 0 If a, b, c are the position vectors of three collinear points, then the existence of x, y, z is such that
x a + y b + z c = 0, x + y + z 0 x a + y b + z c 0, x + y + z 0 x a + y b + z c 0, x + y + z = 0 x a + y b + z c = 0, x + y + z = 0

101.

If a and b are two non-collinear vectors, then x a + y b = 0 (a) x = 0, but y is not necessarily zero (b) y = 0, but x is not necessarily zero (d) None of these (c) x = 0, y = 0

[Rajasthan PET 2001]

102.

If a and b are two non-collinear vectors, then x a + y b (where x and y are scalars) represents a vector which is (a) Parallel to b (b) Parallel to a
x 0, y 0, z = 0

x = 0, y 0, z 0

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

103.

If a, b, c are non-collinear vectors such that for some scalars x, y, z, x a + y b + z c = 0 , then (a)
x = 0, y = 0, z = 0

(b)

(c)

(d)

x 0, y 0, z 0
[MP PET 1989]

104.

If the position vectors of the points A, B, C be a, b, 3a 2b respectively, then the points A, B, C are (a) Collinear (c) Form a right angled triangle (b) Non-collinear (d) None of these

105.

If two vertices of a triangle are i j and j + k , then the third vertex can be (a)

[Roorkee 1995]

i+k

(b) i 2 j k

(c)

ik

(d)

2i j
[Rajasthan PET 1985, 1986]

106.

If the vectors 3 i + 2 j k and 6 i 4 x j + y k are parallel, then the value of x and y will be (a) 1, 2 (b) 1, 2 (c) 1, 2

(d) 1, 2

107.

[MP PET 1997]

(a) (c) 108.

PQ is parallel to RS PQ is equal to RS

(b) (d)

PQ is not parallel to RS PQ is parallel and equal to RS

The vectors 2 i + 3 j, 5 i + 6 j and 8 i + j have their initial points at (1, 1). The value of so that the vectors terminate on one straight line, is (a) 0 (b) 3 (c) 6 (d) 9
[Pb. CET 1999]

109.

The points with position vectors 20 i + p j, 5 i j and 10 i 13 j are collinear. The value of p is (a) 7 (b) 37 (c) 7 (d) 37

Three points whose position vectors are a + b , a b and a + k b will be collinear, if the value of k is (a) Zero 111. The points with position vectors 10 i + 3 j, 12 i 5 j and ai + 11 j are collinear, If a = (a) 8 112. (b) 4 (c) 8

110.

[IIT 1984]

(b) Only negative real number (c) Only positive real number (d) Every real number
[MNR 1992; Kurukshetra CEE 2002]

(d) 12
[Rajasthan PET 1984; MNR 1984]

Let the value of p = (x + 4 y )a + (2 x + y + 1)b and q = (y 2 x + 2)a + (2 x 3 y 1)b , where a and b are non-collinear vectors. If
3 p = 2 q , then the value of x and y will be

(a) 1, 2

(b) 2, 1

(c) 1, 2

(d) 2, 1

113.

If (x , y , z ) (0, 0, 0) and (i + j + 3 k )x + (3 i 3 j + k )y + (4 i + 5 j)z = (x i + y j + zk ) , then the value of will be

[IIT 1982; Rajasthan PET 1984]

(a) 2, 0 114.

(b) 0, 2

(c) 1, 0

(d) 0, 1
[Kurukshetra CEE 1996]

The vectors i + 2 j + 3 k, i + 4 j + 7 k , 3 i 2 j 5 k are collinear, if equals (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 6

115.

If three points A, B and C have position vectors (1, x, 3), (3, 4, 7) and (y, 2, 5) respectively and if they are collinear, then (x, y) =
[EAMCET 2002]

(a) (2, 3) 116. points are collinear when (a) 117.

(b) ( 2, 3)

(c) (2, 3)

(d) ( 2, 3)

The position vectors of three points are 2 a b + 3 c , a 2 b + c and a 5 b where a, b, c are non-coplanar vectors. The
9 4 9 , =2 4 9 , = 2 4

= 2, =

(b) =

(c)

Three points whose position vectors are a, b, c will be collinear if (a)

a + b = ( + )c

(b) a b + b c + c a = 0

(c) [a b c ] = 0

(d) None of these

118.

If p = i 2 j + 3 k and q = 3 i + j + 2 k , then a vector along r which is linear combination of p and q and also perpendicular to q is
[MNR 1986]

(a) 119.

i + 5j 4k

(b) i 5 j + 4 k

(c)

1 (i + 5 j 4 k ) 2

(d) None of these

[MP PET 1997]

If a and b are two non zero and non-collinear vectors, then a + b and a b are (a) Linearly dependent vectors (c) Linearly dependent and independent vectors (b) (d) None of these

Linearly independent vectors

120.

If p, q are two non-collinear and non-zero vectors such that (b c )p q + (c a )p + (a b )q = 0 , where a, b, c are the lengths of the sides of a triangle, then the triangle is (a) Right angled (b) Obtuse angled (c) Equilateral (d) Isosceles

121.

, are in A.P. 2

(c)

, , are in H.P.

(d)

, , are in G.P.

122.

Let a, b, c are three non-coplanar vectors such that r1 = a b + c , r2 = b + c a , r3 = c + a + b , r = 2 a 3 b + 4 c . If

r = 1 r1 + 2 r2 + 3 r3 , then

1 = 7

(c)

1 + 2 + 3 = 4

(d) 3 + 2 = 2 (d) None of these (d) None of the sides

If c = 2 a 3 b and 2 c = 3 a + 4 b then c and a are (a) Like parallel vectors (a) The largest side (c) Are at right angles (c) The middle side The sides of a triangle are in A.P., then the line joining the centroid to the incentre is parallel to In a trapezoid the vector BC = AD . We will then find that p = AC + BD is collinear with AD. If p = AD , then (a)

125.

= +1

(b) = + 1

(c)

+ =1

(d)

= 2+

Scalar or Dot Product of Two Vectors Basic Level

126. The angle between the vectors 2 i + 3 j + k and 2i j k is (a) 0 127. (b)
[MNR 1990]

(c)

(d)

2
[MNR 1979; MP PET 2002]

(a) 2 128.

(b) 4

(c) 6

(d) 8
[MP PET 1990]

The angle between the vectors 3 i + j + 2 k and 2i 2 j + 4 k is (a)

cos 1 2 7

(b) sin 1

2 7

(c)

cos 1

2 5

(d) sin 1

2 5
[Rajasthan PET 2001]

129.

If a, b, c are non zero-vectors such that a . b = a . c, then which statement is true (a)

b=c

(b) a (b c )

(c)

b = c or a (b c )

[MP PET 1987]

130. 131. 132. 133. 134.

The vector 2i + aj + k is perpendicular to the vector 2 i j k , if a = (a) 5 (a) 0 (a) 9 (a) None (b) 5 (b) 1 (b) 16 (b) 1 (c) 3 (c) 2 (c) 25 (c) 1 (d) 3 The vector 2 i + j k is perpendicular to the vector i 4 j + k , if = If the vectors ai 2 j + 3 k and 3 i + 6 j 5 k are perpendicular to each other, then a is given by (d) 36 The value of for which the vectors 2 i + j k and 2 j + k are perpendicular, is (d) Any The angle between the vectors i j + k and i + 2 j + k is (a)
1 cos 1 15 4 (b) cos 1 15

(d) 3
[MP PET 1993]

[Ranchi BIT 1991]

(c)

4 cos 1 15

(d)

135.

If is a unit vector perpendicular to plane of vector a and b and angle between them is , then a . b will be [Rajasthan PET 1985] (a) | a | | b | sin (b) | a | | b | cos (b) (a + b + c)(p + q + r) = 1 (c) | a | | b | cos
ap + bq + cr = 0

(d) | a | | b | sin
[Rajasthan PET 1989]

136.

If the vectors ai + b j + ck and p i + q j + rk are perpendicular, then (a) (a + b + c)( p + q + r) = 0 (c) If be the angle between two vectors a and b, then a . b 0 if (a)
0

(d) ap + bq + cr = 1
[MP PET 1995]

137.

(b)

(c)

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1995]

138.

2

(c) 2

(d) 1
[MP PET 1994]

139.

If a and b are mutually perpendicular vectors, then (a + b ) = (a)

a+b
o

(b) a b
o

(c)

a b
2

(d) (a b )
o

140. 141.

If a = i + 2 j 3 k and b = 3 i j + 2 k , then the angle between the vectors a + b and a b is (a) 30 (a) (b) 60 (c) 90
o

[Karnataka CET 1994]

(d) 0

a . b = 0 , then a b
o

[MP PET 1996]

1 cos 1 10

9 (b) cos 1 11

(c)

9 cos 1 91

1 (d) cos 1 9
[MP PET 1996]

143. 144. 145.

If the vectors ai + 2 j + 3 k and i + 5 j + ak are perpendicular to each other, then a = (a) 6 (b) 6 (c) 5 (c) 2 (b) Two equal vectors (d) None of these (d) 5 If the angle between two vectors i + k and i j + ak is / 3 , then the value of a = (a) 2 (b) 4 (a . b) c and (a . c) b are (a) Two like vectors (c) Two vectors in direction of a The angle between the vector 2 i + 3 j + k and 2 i j k is (d) 0

[Rajasthan PET 2000]

146.

[UPSEAT 2000]

(a) 147.

(b)

(c)

(d) 0

If a = (1, 1, 2), b = ( 2, 3, 5 ), c = (2, 2, 4) and i is the unit vector in the x-direction, then (a 2 b + 3 c ) . i =
[Karnataka CET 2001]

(a) 11 148.

(b) 15

(c) 18

(d) 36
[Karnataka CET 2001]

If ai + 6 j k and 7 i 3 j + 17 k are perpendicular vectors, then the value of a is (a) 5 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d)
1 7

149.

If a + b a and | b | = (a) (2 a + b ) || b

2 | a | then
(b) (2 a + b ) b (b) a b = 0 (c)
(2 a b ) b
a.a=b.b

(d) (2 a + b ) a
[Rajasthan PET 2001]

150.

If a and b are adjacent sides of a rhombus, then (a) a . b = 0 (c) If | a | = | b | , then (a + b ).(a b ) is (a) Positive (b) Negative (b) 8 (c) Zero (c) 10 If 4 i + j k and 3 i + m j + 2 k are at right angle, then m = (a) 6 (d) 12 If the vectors 3 i + j + k and 2 i j + 8 k are perpendicular, then is (a) 14 (b) 7 (c) 14 (d)
1 7

[MP PET 2002]

151.

(d) None of these

[Karnataka CET 2002]

152. 153.

[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

154.

(a . i) 2 + (a . j) 2 + (a . k ) 2 is equal to

(a) 155.

a2

(b) 3

(c) | a .(i + j + k ) | 2

(d) None of these

If the vectors i 2 x j 3 y k and i + 3 x j + 2 y k are orthogonal to each other, then the locus of the point (x, y) is (a) A circle (b) An ellipse (c) A parabola (d) A straight line

156.

If A = i + 2 j + 3 k , B = i + 2 j + k and C = 3 i + j , then the value of t such that A + t B is at right angle to vector C , is

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

(a) 3 157. (i)

(a + b ) 2 = (a ) 2 + (b ) 2

(d) 6 (iv) (a + b ) 2 = (a b ) 2 (d) All the four are correct

If a and b are two perpendicular vectors, then out of the following four statements

(a) Only one is correct

158. If a, b, c are unit vectors such that a + b + c = 0 , then a . b + b . c + c . a = (a) 1 159. (b) 3 (c)

[MP PET 1988; Karnataka CET 2000; UPSEAT 2003]

3 2

(d)

3 2
[Rajasthan PET 1991]

i+j

(b)

1 (3 i + 4 j) 5

(c)

1 (3 i 4 j) 5

(d) None of these

[MNR 1982; MP PET 1988, 2002]

160.

The vectors 2i + 3 j 4 k and ai + b j + ck are perpendicular, when (a)

a = 2, b = 3, c = 4

(b) a = 4 , b = 4 , c = 5

(c)

a = 4 , b = 4 , c = 5

(d) None of these

[MP PET 1989]

161.

The unit normal vector to the line joining i j and 2 i + 3 j and pointing towards the origin is (a)
4i j 17

(b)

4 i + j

(c)

2i 3 j 13

(d)

2 i + 3 j

17

13

162.

The position vector of coplanar points A, B, C, D are a, b, c and d respectively, in such a way that (a d ) . (b c ) =
(b d ) . (c a ) = 0 , then the point D of the triangle ABC is
[IIT 1984]

(b) Circumcentre

(c) Orthocentre

AB will be
[Roorkee 1980]

(a) 3 164. 165. (a) 5

(b) 6 (b) 4

(c) 9
o

(d) 12
[Rajasthan PET 1986]

If the moduli of a and b are equal and angle between them is 120 and a . b = 8, then | a | is equal to (c) 4 (d) 5

The position vector of vertices of a triangle ABC are 4 i 2 j, i + 4 j 3 k and i + 5 j + k respectively, then ABC =
[Rajasthan PET 1988, 1997]

(a) 166.

(b) 4

(c)

(d) 2
[MNR 1986]

A, B, C, D are any four points, then AB . CD + BC . AD + CA . BD = (a)

2 AB . BC . CD

(b)

AB + BC + CD

(c)

5 3

(d) 0
[MP PET 1995; Rajasthan PET 2000]

167. 168.

If | a | = 3, | b | = 1, | c | = 4 and a + b + c = 0 , then a . b + b . c + c . a = (a) 13 (b) 10 (c) 13

(d) 10
[EAMCET 1994]

The value of c so that for all real x, the vectors cx i 6 j + 3 k , x i + 2 j + 2 cx k make an obtuse angle are (a) c < 0 (b) 0 < c <
1 (2 i 2 j + k ) is 3 4 3

(c)

4 <c<0 3

(d) c > 0
[IIT Screening 1994]

169.

The vector

1 k 2

(d) Perpendicular to the vector 3 i + 2 j 2 k

The value of x for which the angle between the vectors a = 3 i + x j + k and b = x i + 2 x j + k is acute and the angle between b and x-axis lies between (a)

and satisfy 2
(b)

[Kurukshetra CEE 1996]

x >0

x<0

(c)

x > 1 only

(d)

x < 1 only

171.

If the scalar product of the vector i + j + k with a unit vector parallel to the sum of the vectors 2i + 4 j 5 k and i + 2 j + 3 k be 1, then = (a) 1 (b) 1
[Roorkee 1985, 95; Kurukshetra CEE 1998; UPSEAT 1992, 2000]

(c) 2 (b) a = (a i) + (a j) + (a k )

(d) 2
[MP PET 1997]

172.

If a is any vector in space, then (a) (c)

a = (a . i) i + (a . j)j + (a . k )k a = j(a . i ) + k (a . j) + i(a . k )

(d) a = (a i) i + (a j) j + (a k ) k
[IIT 1995, 2001]

173.

If a, b and c are unit vectors, then | a b | 2 + | b c | 2 + | c a | 2 does not exceed (a) 4 (b) 9 (c) 8 (d) 6

174.

If a and b are two unit vectors, such that a + 2 b and 5 a 4 b are perpendicular to each other then the angle between a and b is
[IIT Screening 2002]

(a) 45 175.

(b) 60

(c)

1 cos 1 3

2 (d) cos 1 7
[AIEEE 2003]

a, b, c are three vectors, such that a + b + c = 0 , | a | = 1, | b | = 2, | c | = 3 , then a . b + b . c + c . a is equal to (a) 0 (b) 7 (c) 7 (d) 1

176.

A unit vector in xy-plane that makes an angle 45 with the vectors (i + j) and an angle of 60 with the vector (3 i 4 j) is
[Kurukshetra CEE 2002]

(a) i 177.

(b)

1 2

(i j)

(c)

1 2
o

(i + j)

(d) None of these

[Karnataka CET 2003]

The angle between the vectors a + b and a b , when a = (1, 1, 4) and b = (1, 1, 4) is (a) 90
o

(b) 45

(c) 30

(d) 15

178.

Let u = i + j, v = i j and w = i + 2 j + 3 k . If n is a unit vector such that u . n = 0 and v . n = 0, then | w . n | is equal to

[AIEEE 2003]

(a) 0 179.
th th th

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3
i j k + + , then a b c

If a, b, c are the p , q , r terms of an HP and u = (q r)i + (r p )j + ( p q )k , v = (a) u, v are parallel vectors (b) u, v are orthogonal vectors (c) u . v = 1

(d) u v = i + j + k

180.

3a 2 2

(b) 3 a 2

(c)

3a 2 2

(d) None of these

181.

If e 1 = (1, 1, 1) and e 2 = (1, 1, 1) and a and b are two vectors such that e 1 = 2 a + b and e 2 = a + 2 b then angle between a and b is (a)
7 cos 1 9 7 (b) cos 1 11

(c)

7 cos 1 11

6 2 (d) cos 1 11

182.

5i + 5 j + k

(b) 5 i + j 5 k

(c)

5i + j + 5k

(d) (5 i j 5 k )

183.

2p 2

(b)

p2 2

(c)

p2

(d) None of these

184.

If the vectors b = tan , 1, 2 sin and c = tan , tan , 2 obtuse angle with the z-axis, then the value of is (a) = (4 n + 1) tan 1 2 (b) = (4 n + 2) tan 1 2 (b) a < 0

3 are orthogonal and a vector a = (1, 3, sin 2 ) makes an sin 2 (c) = (4 n + 1) + tan 1 2 (d) = (4 n + 2) + tan 1 2

185.

If the vectors a = (2, log 3 x , a) and b = (3, a log 3 x , log 3 x ) are inclined at an acute angle, then (a)

a=0

(c)

a>0

(d) None of these

186.

The value of x for which the angle between the vectors a = x i 3 j k and b = 2 x i + x j k is acute and the angle between the vector b and y-axis lies between (a) < 0

and are 2
(c) 2, 3
a b a.b b.c c a . c , then c .c

[DCE 2001]

(b) > 0

(d) 1, 2

187.

=0

(b) = 1

(c)

(d) None of these

188.

The position vectors of the points A, B and C are i + j + k, i + 5 j k and 2i + 3 j + 5 k respectively.The greatest angle of the triangle ABC is

(a) 135 o

(b) 90

(c)

2 cos 1 3

5 (d) cos 1 7

Component of Vector Basic Level

189. If a and b are two non-zero vectors, then the component of b along a is (a) 190.
(a . b ) a b .b
[MP PET 1991]

(b)

(a . b ) b a .a

(c)

(a . b ) b a.b

(d)

(a . b ) a a .a

Projection of the vector i 2 j + k in the direction of the vector 4 i 4 j + 7 k will be

[Rajasthan PET 1990; MNR 1980; MP PET 2002; UPSEAT 2002]

(a) 191.

5 6 10

(b)

9 19

(c)

19 9

(d)

6 19

If a = 4 i + 6 j and b = 3 j + 4 k , then the component of a along b is (a)

18 10 3 (3 j + 4 k )

[IIT Screening 1989; MNR 1983, 87; UPSEAT 2000]

(b)

18 (3 j + 4 k ) 25

(c)

18 3

(3 j + 4 k )

(d) (3 j + 4 k )
[Rajasthan PET 1984, 90, 97, 99]

192.

The projection of vector 2i + 3 j 2 k on the vector i + 2 j + 3 k will be (a)

1 14

(b)

2 14

(c)

3 14

(d)

14
[MP PET 1994, 1999]

193.

3 7 a.b | a|

(c) 3 (d) 7

(b)

7 3 ab | a|

194.

a.b | b|

[Rajasthan PET 1995]

(d)

ab | b|
[Karnataka CET 2002]

195. 196. 197.

If a = 2i + j + 2 k and b = 5 i 3 j + k , then the projection of b on a is (a) 3 (b) 4 The projection of the vector i + j + k along the vector j is (c) 5 (d) 6

[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 2 If a is a unit vector and b, a non-zero vector not parallel to a , then the vector b (a . b ) a is (a) Parallel to b
(b) At right angles to a (c) Parallel to a

(d) 1

(d) At right angles to b

198. If a = i + 2 j + 2 k and b = 3 i + 6 j + 2 k , then a vector in the direction of a and having magnitude as | b | is (a) 7(i + j + k ) 199. (b)
7 (i + 2 j + 2 k ) 3

[IIT 1983]

(c)

7 (i + 2 j + 2 k ) 9

(d) None of these

The vector b = 3 j + 4 k is to be written as the sum of a vector b 1 parallel to a = i + j and a vector b 2 perpendicular to a. Then b 1 = (a)
3 (i + j) 2 a.b | a b| , | a| | a|
[MNR 1993; UPSEAT 2000]

(b)

2 (i + j) 3

(c)

1 (i + j) 2 a.b a.b , | a| | a|

(d)

1 (i + j) 3
[IIT 1988]

200.

The components of a vector a along and perpendicular to the non-zero vector b are respectively (a)
a.b | a b| , (b) | b| | b|

(c)

| a b| | a b| , (d) | a| | b|

201.

Let b = 4 i + 3 j and c be two vectors perpendicular to each other in the xy-plane. All vectors in the same plane having projections 1 and 2 along b and c respectively, are given by (a)
2 i j, 2 11 i+ j 5 5
[IIT 1987]

(b)

2 i + j,

2 11 i+ j 5 5

(c)

2 i + j,

2 11 i j 5 5

(d)

2 i j,

2 11 i+ j 5 5

202.

Let a = 2 i j + k, b = i + 2 j k and c = i + j 2 k be three vectors. A vector in the plane of b and c whose projection on a is of magnitude (a)
2 / 3 is
[IIT 1993]

2i + 3 j 3 k

(b)

2i + 3 j + 3 k

(c)

2 i j + 5 k

(d)

2i + j + 5 k

Work done by a Force Basic Level

203. If the position vectors of A and B be 6 i + j 3 k and 4 i 3 j 2 k , then the work done by the force F = i 3 j + 5 k in displacing a particle from A to B is (a) 15 units 204. (b) 17 units (c) 15 units If the force F = i + 2 j + 3 k moves from i + j k to 2 i j + k , then work done will be represented by (a) 3 205. (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 6
[MP PET 1987]

(d) None of these

[Ranchi BIT 1992]

The work done by the force F = 2 i 3 j + 2 k in displacing a particle from the point (3, 4, 5) to the point (1, 2, 3) is
[MP PET 1994; Kurukshetra CEE 2002]

(a) 2 units 206.

(b) 3 units

(c) 4 units

(d) 5 units
[MP PET 1997, 2001]

The work done in moving an object along the vector 3 i + 2 j 5 k , if the applied force is F = 2 i j k , is (a) 7 (b) 8 (c) 9 (d) 10

207.

A force F = 2 i + j k acts at a point A whose position vector is 2 i j . If point of application of F moves from A to the point B with position vector 2 i + j , then work done by F is (a) 4 (b) 20 (c) 2
[Pb. CET 2000]

(d) None of these

208. Force 3 i + 2 j + 5 k and 2 i + j 3 k are acting on a particle and displace it from the point 2 i j 3 k to the point 4 i 3 j + 7 k , then work done by the force is (a) 30 units 209. then the work done is (a) 50/7 210. (b) 50/3 (c) 25/3 (d) 25/4 (b) 36 units (c) 24 units (d) 18 units
[Kerala (Engg.) 2002] [MP PET 1995]

A force of magnitude 5 units acting along the vector 2 i 2 j + k displaces the point of application from (1, 2, 3) to (5, 3, 7),

If forces of magnitudes 6 and 7 units acting in the directions i 2 j + 2 k and 2i 3 j 6 k respectively act on a particle which is displaced from the point P(2, 1, 3) to Q(5, 1, 1), then the work done by the forces is (a) 4 units (b) 4 units (c) 7 units (d) 7 units

Vector or Cross Product of Two Vectors Basic Level

211. If u = 2 i + 2 j k and v = 6 i 3 j + 2 k , then a unit vector perpendicular to both u and v is (a) 212.
i 10 j 18 k
[MP PET 1987]

(b)

1 1 18 k i 2j 5 17 5

(c)

1 473 a b
2

(7 i 10 j 18 k )

(d) None of these

[MP PET 1987]

(a b ) (a + b ) =

(a)

2a b

(b) a b

(c)

213. 214.

[Rajasthan PET 1985; Roorkee 1981; AIEEE 2002]

a =b =c =0

(b) a . b = b . c = c . a

(c)

a b = b c = c a

(d) None of these

If be the angle between the vectors a and b and | a b | = a . b , then = (a) (b)

[Rajasthan PET 1990; MP PET 1990; UPSEAT 2003]

(c)

(d) 0

215.

216.

[MNR 1988; IIT 1989; UPSEAT 2000, 01] If a and b are two vectors such that a . b = 0 and a b = 0 ,then (a) a is parallel to b (b) a is perpendicular to b (c) Either a or b is a null vector (d) None of these ) (5 a + 7 b ) = (2 a + 3 b [MP PET 1988]

a b uv = vu

(b) b a

(c) (c)

a +b

(d) 7 a + 10 b
[MP PET 1987]

Which of the following is not a property of vectors (b) u . v = v . u

(u v ) 2 = u 2 . v 2 (u . v ) 2 (d) u 2 =| u | 2

The number of vectors of unit length perpendicular to vectors a = (1, 1, 0) and b = (0, 1, 1) is
[Ranchi BIT 1991; IIT 1987; Kurukshetra CEE 1998; DCE 2000; MP PET 2002]

219.

(a) Three (b) One If a 0, b 0, c 0 , then true statement is (a)

a (b + c ) = (c + b ) a

(c) Two (c)

a (b c ) = (c b ) a

(d) Infinite
[MP PET 1991]

(b) a . (b + c ) = (b + c ) . a

(d) a . (b c ) = (c b ) . a
[MP PET 1992]

220.

1 5 (2 i k )

(b)

1 5

(2 i + k )

(c)

1 5

(2 i + j + k )

(d)

1 5

(2 i + k )

221.

5i 3 j + 9k 115

[Roorkee 1979; Rajasthan PET 1989, 1991]

(b)

5i + 3 j 9k 115

(c)

5 i + 3 j 9 k 115

(d)

5i + 3 j + 9 k 115
[Roorkee 1978]

222.

The sine of the angle between the two vectors 3 i + 2 j k and 12 i + 5 j 5 k will be (a)
115 14 194

(b)

51 14 144

(c)

64 14 194

(d) None of these

[Roorkee 1984]

223. 224.

For any two vectors a and b, if a b = 0 , then (a) a = 0 (b) b = 0 (b) a + b + c (b) 2 (b) 6 i 3 j + 2 k (c) Not parallel For any vectors a, b, c. a (b + c ) + b (c + a ) + c (a + b ) = (a) 0 (c) [a b c] If | a | = 2, | b | = 5 and | a b | = 8 , then a . b is equal to (a) 0 (c) 4
i 10 j 18 k

(d) None of these

[Roorkee 1981; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(d) a b c
[Rajasthan PET 1991; AI CBSE 1984]

225.

(d) 6
[MNR 1978; Rajasthan PET 2001]

226.

2i + 2 j k

(c)

(d) i + j + k
[MNR 1995]

227.

A unit vector perpendicular to the vector 4 i j + 3 k and 2 i + j 2 k is (a)

1 (i 2 j + 2 k ) 3 (3 i + 5 j + 11 k ) 155

(b)

1 (i + 2 j + 2 k ) 3 (3 i 5 j + 11 k ) 155 i j+k 3

(c)

1 (2 i + j + 2 k ) 3 (6 i 4 j k ) 53 i + j + k 3

(d)

1 (2 i 2 j + 2 k ) 3
[MP PET 2003]

228.

A unit vector perpendicular to each of the vector 2 i j + k and 3 i + 4 j k is equal to (a) (b) (c) (d)
(5 i + 3 j) 34

229.

i + j+k 3

[MP PET 1996]

(b)

(c)
| a b| equal to | a .b |

(d)

i jk 3
[Karnataka CET 1999]

230.

(a) 231.

tan i+j

(b) tan (b) i j

(c)

cot
c(i j), c is a scalar

(d) cot
[Rajasthan PET 2000]

A vector perpendicular to both of the vectors i + j + k and i + j is (a) (c) A unit vector perpendicular to the plane of a = 2 i 6 j 3 k , b = 4 i + 3 j k is (a)
4i + 3j k 26

(d) None of these

[MP PET 2000]

232.

(b)

2i 6 j 3 k 7

(c)

3i 2 j + 6 k 7

(d)

2i 3 j 6 k 7
[DCE 2001]

233.

The unit vector perpendicular to the both the vectors i 2 j + 3 k and i + 2 j k is (a)
1 3 (i + j + k )

(b) (i + j + k )

(c)

(i + j k ) 3

(d) None of these

[Karnataka CET 2001]

234.

The unit vector perpendicular to the vectors i j + k and 2 i + 3 j k is (a)

2 i + 3 j + 5 k 30

(b)

2 i + 5 j + 6 k 38

(c)

2 i + 3 j + 5 k 38

(d)

2 i + 4 j + 5 k 38
[MP PET 2001]

235.

If a = 2 i 3 j k and b = i + 4 j 2 k , then a b is (a) 10 i + 2 j + 11 k (b) 10 i + 3 j + 11 k (c) 10 i 3 j + 11 k

(d) 10 i 3 j 10 k
[AIEEE 2002]

236.

If | a | = 4 , | b | = 2 and the angle between a and b is (a) 48 (b) 16

, then (a b ) 2 is equal to 6
(c) a (d) None of these

237.

a = 3 i 5 j and b = 6 i + 3 j are two vectors and c is a vector such that c = a b , then | a |:| b |:| c | is

[AIEEE 2002]

(a) 238.

34 : 45 : 39 3 + 2 = 0

(b)

34 : 45 : 39

(c) 34 : 39 : 45

(d) 39 : 35 : 34
[AIEEE 2002]

3 c + 2 (a b ) = 0 , then

(a) 239.

(b) 3 = 2

(c)

(d) + = 0
[UPSEAT 2002]

If a = 2i + 4 j 5 k and b = i + 2 j + 3 k , then | a b | is (a) 11 5 (b) 11 3 (c) 11 7

i + jk 3
2

(d) 11 2
[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

240.

The unit vector perpendicular to both i + j and j + k is (a)

i j+ k

(b) i + j + k
2

(c)

(d)

i j+k 3
[Karnataka CET 2003]

241.

2 2

(c) 8

(d) 20
[EAMCET 1994]

242.

If (a b ) + (a . b ) = 144 and | a | = 4 , then | b | = (a) 16 (b) 8 (c) 3 (d) 12

243.

The unit vector perpendicular to both the vectors a = i + j + k and b = 2 i j + 3 k and making an acute angle with the vector k is (a)
1 26 (4 i j 3 k ) 1 26 1 26

(b)

(4 i j 3 k )

(c)

(4 i j + 3 k )

244.

The angle between 3(a b ) and (a) 30

o

1 (b (a . b )a ) is 2
o

[Pb. CET 1996]

o

(b) 60

(c) 90

3 (d) cos 1 4

245. If the vectors a, b and c are represented by, the sides BC, CA and AB respectively of the ABC , then (a)
a .b + b .c + c .a = 0
[IIT Screening 2000]

(b) a b = b c = c a

(c)

a .b = b .c = c .a

(d) a b = b c = c a = 0

246. 247.

(a)

a + c = kb

(c) (c)

b + c = ka
(a + c ) = b

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1999]

If a b = b c 0 and a + c 0 , then (a) (a + c ) b If a and b are two vectors, then (a b ) 2 equals (a)

(d) None of these

[Roorkee 1975, 1979, 1981, 1985]

248.

a.b b .b

a .a b .a

(b)

a .a b .a

a .b b.b

(c)

a .b b .a

249.

Given a = i + j k , b = i + 2 j + k and c = i + 2 j k . A unit vector perpendicular to both a + b and b + c is

[Karnataka CET 1993]

(a) i 250.

(b) j

(c) k

(d)

i + j+k 3

a2 b 2

[Roorkee 1975, 1979, 1981, 1985]

(b) a 2 + b 2

(c)

a 2 b 2 (a . b ) 2

(d) None of these

[Roorkee 1999]

251.

If vectors A = 2i + 3 j + 4 k, B = i + j + 5 k and C form a left handed system, then C is (a) 11 i 6 j k (b) 11 i + 6 j + k (c) 11 i 6 j + k (d) 11 i + 6 j k

252.

(a) 3r 253. (a) | a | = 1 254.

(b) r (b) | b | = 1

(c) 0 (c) | a | + | b | + | c | = 3

(d) None of these

If a, b, c are noncoplanar vectors such that b c = a , a b = c and c a = b , then (d) None of these

If AB = b and AC = c ,then the length of the perpendicular from A to the line BC is (a)
| b c| | b +c|

(b)

| bc| | b c|

(c)

1 | b c | 2| b c|

Area of parallelogram and Triangle Basic Level

255. The area of a parallelogram whose two adjacent sides are represented by the vector 3 i k and i + 2 j is (a) 256.
1 17 2
[MNR 1981]

(b)

1 14 2

(c)

41

(d)

1 7 2

The area of the parallelogram whose diagonals are a = 3 i + j 2 k and b = i 3 j + 4 k is

[MNR 1985; MP PET 1988,93; Tamilnadu Engg. 2002]

(a) 10 3 257.

(b) 5 3

(c) 8

(d) 4

The area of a parallelogram whose diagonals coincide with the following pair of vectors is 5 3 . The vectors are
[Kurukshetra CEE 1993]

(a) 258.

3 i + 2 j k, 3 i j + 4 k

(b)

3 1 i + j k, 2 i 6 j + 8 k 2 2

(c)

3 i + j 2 k, i 3 j + 8 k

(d) None of these

If i + 2 j + 3 k and 3 i 2 j + k represents the adjacent sides of a parallelogram, then the area of this parallelogram is
[Roorkee 1978, 1979; MP PET 1990; Rajasthan PET 1988, 1989, 1991]

(a) 259.

4 3

(b) 6 3

(c)

8 3

(d) 16 3
[Roorkee 1976]

If the vectors i 3 j + 2 k, i + 2 j represents the diagonals of a parallelogram, then its area will be (a)
21

(b)

21 2

(c)

2 21

(d)

21 4
[MP PET 1996, 2000]

260.

The area of a parallelogram whose adjacent sides are i 2 j + 3 k and 2 i + j 4 k , is

(a) 261.

5 3

(b) 10 3

(c)

5 6

(d) 10 6

If the diagonals of a parallelogram are represented by the vectors 3 i + j 2 k and i + 3 j 4 k , then its area in square units is
[MP PET 1998]

(a) 262.

5 3

(b) 6 3

(c)

26

(d)

42

The area of a parallelogram whose adjacent sides are given by the vectors i + 2 j + 3 k and 3 i 2 j + k (in square units) is
[Karnataka CET 2001]

(a) 263.

180

(b)

140

(c)

80

(d)

40
[UPSEAT 2002]

The area of the parallelogram whose diagonals are (a)

5 3

3 1 i + j k and 2i 6 j + 8 k is 2 2

(b) 5 2

(c)

25 3

(d)

25 2
[EAMCET 1990]

264.

The area of the triangle whose two sides are given by 2 i 7 j + k and 4 j 3 k is (a) 17 (b)
17 2

(c)

17 4

(d)

1 389 2
[Rajasthan PET 1987, 1990]

265.

If 3 i + 4 j and 5 i + 7 j are the vector sides of any triangle, then its area is given by (a) 41 (b) 47 (c)
41 2

(d)

47 2

266.

Let a, b, c be the position vectors of the vertices of a triangle ABC. The vector area of triangle ABC is
[MP PET 1990; EAMCET 2003]

(a) 267.

a b +b c +c a

(b)

1 (a b + b c + c a ) 4

(c)

1 (a b + b c + c a ) 2

(d) b a + c b + a c

Consider a tetrahedron with faces F1 , F2 , F3 , F4 . Let V1 , V2 , V3 , V4 be the vectors whose magnitudes are respectively equal to areas of F1 , F2 , F3 , F4 and whose directions are perpendicular to these faces in outward direction. Then | V1 + V2 + V3 + V4 | equals (a) 1 (b) 4 (c) 0 (d) None of these
[IIT 1983; MNR 1984]

268.

A unit vector perpendicular to the plane determined by the points (1, 1, 2), (2, 0, 1) and (0, 2, 1) is (a)
1 6 (2 i + j + k )

(b)

1 6

(i + 2 j + k )

(c)

1 6

(i + j + k )

(d)

1 6

(2 i j k ) 1 , where 2

269.

The position vectors of the points A, B and C are i + j , j + k and k + i respectively. The vector area of the ABC =
=

[MP PET 1989]

(a) 270.

i + j + k

(b) i j + k

(c)

i + jk

(d) i + j + k
[MP PET 2004]

The area of the triangle having vertices as i 2 j + 3 k, 2 i + 3 j + k, 4 i 7 j + 5 k is (a) 26 (b) 11 (c) 36 (d) 0

271.

Let OA = a , OB = 10 a + 2 b and OC = b , where O, A and C are noncollinear points. Let p denote the area of the quadrilateral OABC, and q denote the area of the parallelogram with OA and OC as adjacent sides. Then (a) 4 (b) 6 (c)
1| a b| 2 | a|

p is equal to q
(d) None of these

272.

The adjacent sides of a parallelogram are along a = i + 2 j and b = 2i + j . The angles between the diagonals are

(c) 90 and 90

(d) None of these

Four points with position vectors 7 i 4 j + 7 k, i 6 j + 10 k , i 3 j + 4 k and 5 i j + k form a (a) Rhombus (c) Rectangle (b) Parallelogram but not rhombus (d) Square
[DCE 1996]

274.

In a ABC , AB = ri + j, AC = si j . If the area of triangle is of unit magnitude, then (a) | r s | = 2 (b) | r + s | = 1 (c) | r + s | = 2 (d) | r s | = 1

Moment of a Force Basic Level

275. The moment of the force F acting at a point P, about the point C is (a)
F CP
[MP PET 1987]

(b) CP . F (d) CP F

(c) A vectors having the same direction as F 276.

A force F = 2 i + j k acts at a point A, whose position vector is 2 i j . The moment of F about the origin is [Karnataka CET 2000] (a)
i + 2j 4 k

(b) i 2 j 4 k

(c)

i + 2j + 4 k

(d) i 2 j + 4 k

277. Let the point A, B, and P be (2, 2, 4), (2, 6, 3) and (1, 2, 1) respectively. The magnitude of the moment of the force represented by AB and acting at A about P is (a) 15 278. (b) 3 41 (c)
3 57
[MP PET 1987]

(d) None of these

The moment about the point M(2, 4, 6) of the force represented in magnitude and position by AB where the points A and B [MP PET 2000] have the coordinates (1, 2, 3) and (3, 4, 2) respectively, is (a)
8 i 9 j 14 k

(b)

2i 6 j + 5 k

(c)

3 i + 2 j 3 k

(d) 5 i + 8 j 8 k

279.

A force of 39 kg. wt is acting at a point P (4, 2, 5) in the direction of 12 i 4 j 3 k . The moment of this force about a line through the origin having the direction of 2 i 2 j + k is (a) 76 units (b) 76 units (c)
42 i + 144 j 24 k

(d) None of these

8 , then the value of

280.

If the magnitude of moment about the point j + k of a force i + j k acting through the point i + j is

is

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Scalar Triple Product Basic Level

281.

a . [(b + c ) (a + b + c )] is equal to

[Rajasthan PET 1988, 2002; IIT 1981; UPSEAT 2003; MP PET 2004]

(a) [a b c ] 282.

(b)

2[a b c ]

(c)
a .b c b .a c + = c a .b c .a b

3[a b c ]

(d) 0
[IIT 1985, 86; UPSEAT 2003]

(c) 2

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1986]

283.

If i, j, k are the unit vectors and mutually perpendicular, then [i k j] is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 1

284.

(d) 24

285.

If a . b = b . c = c . a = 0 or a, b, c are a right handed triad of mutually perpendicular vectors, then [a b c] =

[MP PET 1994; Tamilnadu Engg. 2001]

(a) | a | | b | | c | 286.
i . (j k ) + j . (k i ) + k . (i j) =

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) A non-zero vector

[Karnataka CET 1994]

(a) 1 287.

(b) 3

(c) 3

(d) 0
[Karnataka CET 1994]

[EAMCET 1994]

288.

a . (a b ) =

289.

(a) b . b 290. (a) 291.

u . (v w ) u . (v w )

(b) a 2b (b) (v w ). u (b) (u . v ) . w

(c) 0 (c)
v . (u w )

(d) a 2 + ab (d) (u v ). w
[IIT 1998; Rajasthan PET 2001]

For three vectors u, v, w which of the following expressions is not equal to any of the remaining three [IIT 1998; Orissa JEE 2004]

(u . v ) w

(d) u (v . w )
[AMU 1999]

292.

Given vectors a, b, c such that a . (b c ) = 0 , the value of (b c ) . (a + b + c ) / is (a) 3 (b) 1 (c)

3

(d)

3
[Karnataka CET 2001]

293.

If a = 3 i 2 j + 2 k , b = 6 i + 4 j 2 k and c = 3 i 2 j 4 k , then a . (b c ) is (a) 122 (b) 144 (b) c . (b a ) (c) 120

b . (c a )

(d) 120
[Rajasthan PET 2001]

294.

a . (b c ) is equal to

(a) 295.

b . (a c )

(c)

(d) None of these

[UPSEAT 2002]

[i k j] + [k j i] + [j k i ]

(a) 1 296.

(b) 3

(c) 3

(d) 1

a .b c b .c a c .a b If [a b c ] = 1 , then + + is equal to c a .b a b .c b c .a

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) None of these

If the vectors 2 i 3 j, i + j k and 3 i k form three concurrent edges of a parallelopiped, then the volume of the
[IIT 1983; Rajasthan PET 1995; DCE 2001; Kurukshetra CEE 1998; MP PET 2001]

(a) 8 298.

(b) 10

(c) 4

(d) 14

[Roorkee 1988]

(b) 308

(c) 154

(d) None of these

[EAMCET 1993]

Volume of the parallelopiped whose coterminous edges are 2 i 3 j + 4 k, i + 2 j 2 k, 3 i j + k , is (a) 5 cubic units (b) 6 cubic units (c) 7 cubic units

(d) 8 cubic units

300.

If a = 3 i + 7 j + 5 k , b = 3 i + 7 j 3 k and c = 7 i 5 j 3 k are the three coterminous edges of a parallelopiped, then its volume is
[MP PET 1996]

(a) 108 301.

(b) 210

(c) 272

(d) 308
[Kurukshetra CEE 1998]

Three concurrent edges OA, OB, OC of a parallelopiped are

3 i j + k , the volume of the solid so formed in cubic units is

represented by three vectors 2 i + j k , i + 2 j + 3 k and

(a) 5 302.

(b) 6

(c) 7

(d) 8

What will be the volume of that parallelopiped whose sides are a = i j + k, b = i 3 j + 4 k and c = 2 i 5 j + 3 k [UPSEAT 1999] (a) 5 unit (b) 6 unit (c) 7 unit (d) 8 unit The volume of the parallelopiped whose coterminous edges are i j + k, 2 i 4 j + 5 k and 3 i 5 j + 2 k is [Kerala (Engg.) 2002] (a) 4 (b) 3 (c) 2 (d) 8 The volume of the parallelopiped whose edges are represented by 12 i + k, 3 j k and 2i + j 15 k is 546, then =
[IIT Screening 1989; MNR 1987]

303.

304.

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 2

305.
| (a b ) . c | =| a | | b | | c | , if
[Ranchi BIT 1990; IIT 1982; AMU 2002]

(a) 306.

a .b = b .c = 0

(b) b . c = c . a = 0

(c)

c .a = a .b = 0

(d) a . b = b . c = c . a = 0

If a, b, c be any three non-coplanar vectors, then [a + b , b + c , c + a ] =

[Rajasthan PET 1988; MP PET 1990, 2002; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(a) [a b c] 307.

(b) 2[a b c]

(c) [a b c]

(d) 2[a b c]

If a, b, c are three non-coplanar vectors and p, q, r are defined by the relations p =

(a + b ) . p + (b + c ) . q + (c + a ) . r =

bc c a ab , q= , r= , then [a b c ] [a b c ] [a b c ]
[IIT 1988; BIT Ranchi 1996; AMU 2002]

(a) 0 308. If p =

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

bc c a ab , q= , r= , where a, b, c are three non-coplanar vectors, then the value of (a + b + c ) . (p + q + r) [a b c ] [a b c ] [a b c ]

[MNR 1992; UPSEAT 2000]

is given by (a) 3 309. (b) 2 (c) 1 (d) 0 The value of [a b b c c a ] , where | a | = 1, | b | = 5 and | c | = 3 is (a) 0 310. (b) 1 (c) 2 If a, b and c are three non-coplanar vectors, then (a + b + c ) . [(a + b ) (a + c )] is equal to (a) [a b c] 311. (b) 2[a b c] (c) [a b c] (d) 0 If a, b, c are three coplanar vectors, then [a + b b + c c + a ] = (a) [a b c] 312. (b) 2[a b c] (c) 3[a b c] (d) 0

(d) 4
[IIT 1995]

[MP PET 1995]

a . (b c ) If b and c are any two non-collinear unit vectors and a is any vector, then (a . b )b + (a . c )c + (b c ) = | bc|

[IIT 1996]

(a) a 313.

(b) b

(c) c
2

(d) 0
[MP PET 1999]

If three coterminous edges of a parallelopiped are represented by a b , b c and c a , then its volume is (a) [a b c] (b) 2[a b c] (c) [a b c] (d) 0 If a, b and c are unit coplanar vectors then the scalar triple product [2 a b 2 b c 2 c a ] is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1 (c)
3

314.

[IIT Screening 2000]

(d)

3
[IIT Screening 2001]

315.

Let a = i k , b = x i + j + (1 x )k and c = y i + x j + (1 + x y )k , then [a b c ] depends on (a) Only x (b) Only y (c) Neither x nor y
(a + b ) . (b + c ) (a + b + c ) =

(d) Both x and y

[EAMCET 2002]

316.

(a) [a b c] 317.

(b) [a b c]

(c) 0

(d) 2[a b c]
[IIT Screening 2002]

Let V = 2 i + j k and W = i + 3 k if U is a unit vector, then the maximum value of the scalar triple product [U V W] is
10 + 6

(a) 1 318.

(b)

(c)

59

(d)

60

(a) 319.

a+b

(c)

a b

(d) b a (d) None of these

If a, b, c are three non-coplanar nonzero vectors then (a . a )b c + (a . b )c a + (a . c )a b is equal to (a) [b c a]a (c) [a b c]c

320.

Let a, b, c be three unit vectors and a . b = a . c = 0 . If the angle between b and c is (a)
3 2

, then | [a b c ] | is equal to 3
(d) None of these

(b)

1 2

(c) 1

321.

If a, b, c are three non-coplanar vectors represented by concurrent edges of a parallelopiped of volume 4, then
(a + b ) . (b c ) + (b + c ) . (c a ) + (c + a ) . (a b ) is equal to

(a) 12 322.

(b) 4

(c)

12

(d) 0

The three concurrent edges of a parallelopiped represent the vectors a, b, c such that [a b c ] = . Then the volume of the parallelopiped whose three concurrent edges are the three concurrent diagonals of three faces of the given parallelopiped is (a)
2

(c)

(d) None of these (d) None of these

323. 324.

If a, b, c are non-coplanar non-zero vectors and r is any vector in space then [b c r]a+[c a r]b+[a b r]c is equal to (a) 3[a b c]r
1 6

(c) [b c a]r

If the vertices of a tetrahedron have the position vectors 0, i + j, 2j k and i + k then the volume of the tetrahedron is (a) (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) None of these

325.

The three vectors i + j, j + k, k + i taken two at a time form three planes. The three unit vectors drawn perpendicular to three planes form a parallelopiped of volume (a)
1 cubic units 3

(b) 4 cubic units

(c)

3 3 cubic units 4

(d)

4 3 3

cubic units

326.

The volume of the tetrahedron whose vertices are the points with position vectors i 6 j + 10 k, i 3 j + 7 k , 5 i j + k and
7 i 4 j + 7 k is 11 cubic units if the value of is

(a) 1 327.

(b) 1

(c) 7

(d) 7

Let a, b and c be three non-zero and non-coplanar vectors and p, q and r be three vectors given by p = a + b 2 c , q = 3 a 2 b + c and r = a 4 b + 2 c . If the volume of the parallelopiped determined by a, b, and c is V1 and that of the parallelopiped determined by p, q, and r is V2 , then V2 : V1 = (a) 2 : 3 (b) 5 : 7
1

(c) 15 : 1
,b ,c
1 1

(d) 1 : 1
1

328.

If a, b, c are any three vectors and their inverse are a (a) Zero (b) One

and [a b c ] 0 , then [a

c 1 ] will be

[Roorkee 1989]

(c) Non-zero

(d) [a b c]
bc c a , q= , a .b c a .b c
[ Kurukshetra CEE 1993]

329.

a, b, c are three non-zero, non-coplanar vectors and p, q, r are three other vectors such that p =
r= ab . Then [p q r] equals a.b c a .b c

(a)

(b)

1 a.b c

(c) 0

Coplanarity of Vectors Basic Level

330. If the vectors 2i j + k , i + 2 j 3 k and 3 i + j + 5 k be coplanar, then =
[Roorkee 1986; Rajasthan PET 1999, 2002; Kurukshetra CEE 2002]

(a) 1 331.

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

If a = i j + k, b = i + 2 j k and c = 3 i + p j + 5 k are coplanar then the value of p will be

[Rajasthan PET 1985, 86, 88, 91]

(a) 6 332.

(b) 2

(c) 2

(d) 6

A unit vector which is coplanar to vector i + j + 2 k and i + 2 j + k and perpendicular to i + j + k , is

[IIT 1992; Kurukshetra CEE 2002]

(a) 333.

ij 2

jk (b) 2

(c)

k i

(d)

i + j+k

3
[EAMCET 1994]

If the vectors 2 i 3 j + 4 k, i + 2 j k and x i j + 2 k are coplanar, then x = (a)

8 5

(b)

5 8

(c) 0

(d) 1
[Karnataka CET 2000]

334.

If the vectors i + 3 j 2 k, 2 i j + 4 k and 3 i + 2 j + x k are coplanar ,then the value of x is (a) 2 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d) 3
a = i + j + k , b = 2 i 4 k, c = i + j + 3 k are coplanar, then the value of is

335.

(a) 336.

5 2

(b)

3 5

(c)

7 3

[AMU 2000]

C1 = 0 C1 = 2

(b) C 1 = 1 (d) No value of C 1 can be found

[Roorkee 1990]

The vector a lies in the plane of vectors b and c, which of the following is correct (a)
a . (b c ) = 0

(b) a . b c = 1

(c)

a . b c = 1

(d) a . b c = 3

338. If the vectors r1 = sec 2 A, 1, 1; r2 = 1, sec 2 B, 1 ; r3 = 1, 1, sec 2 C are coplanar, then cot 2 A + cot 2 B + cot 2 C is equal to (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) Not defined

a a2
339. If b b c c2
2

1 + a3 1 + b 3 = 0 and a = (1, a, a 2 ), b = (1, b, b 2 ) and c = (1, c, c 2 ) are non-coplanar vectors, then abc is equal to 1 + c3
[IIT 1985; AIEEE 2003]

(a) 1 340.

(b) 0

(c) 1

(d) 4
[IIT 1993]

Let a, b, c be distinct non-negative numbers. If the vectors ai + aj + ck , i + k and ci + cj + b k lie in a plane, then c is (a) The airthmetic mean of a and b b (c) The harmonic mean of a and b (b) (d) Equal to zero
1 1 1 + + = 1a 1b 1c

341.

If the vectors ai + j + k , i + b j + k and i + j + ck (a b c 1) are coplanar, then the value of

[BIT Ranchi 1988; Rajasthan PET 1987; IIT 1987; DCE 2001]

(a) 1 342.

(b)

1 2

(c)

1 2

(d) 1
[Rajasthan PET 1999]

If a, b, c are position vector of vertices of a triangle ABC, then unit vector perpendicular to its plane is (a)

a b +b c +c a

(b)

a b + b c +c a | a b + b c +c a|

(c)

ab | a b|

[Roorkee 1999]

343.

If a, b, c are non-coplanar vectors and d = a + b + v c , then is equal to (a)

[d b c ] [b a c ]

(b)

[ b c d] [b c a ]

(c)

[b d c ] [a b c ]

(d)

[c b d ] [a b c ]

344.

If the points whose position vectors are 3 i 2 j k , 2 i + 3 j 4 k, i + j + 2 k and 4 i + 5 j + k lie on a plane, then = [IIT 1986] (a)

146 17

(b)

146 17

(c)

17 146

(d)

17 146
[Roorkee 2000]

345.

Vector coplanar with vectors i+j and j+k and parallel to the vector 2i 2 j 4 k , is (a)

ik

(b) i j 2 k

(c)

i + jk

(d) 3 i + 3 j 6 k

346.

+ v = 2

(d) None of these

347.

Let a = i 2 j + 3 k , b = 2 i + 3 j k and c = i + j + (2 1)k . If c is parallel to the plane of the vectors a and b then is (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 2

348.

The vectors a = x i + (x + 1)j + (x + 2)k , b = (x + 3)i + (x + 4 )j + (x + 5 )k and c = (x + 6 )i + (x + 7 )j + (x + 8 )k are coplanar for (a) All values of x (b) x < 0 (c) x > 0 (d) None of these Given a cube ABCD A1 B1C1 D1 with lower base ABCD, upper base A 1 B1 C 1 D1 and the lateral edges AA 1 , BB 1 , CC 1 and DD1 ; M and M 1 are the centres of the faces ABCD and A 1 B1 C 1 D1 respectively. O is a point on line MM 1 , such that

349.

OA + OB + OC + OD = OM 1 , then OM = .OM 1 , if =
(a)
1 4

(b)

1 2

(c)

1 6

(d)

1 8

Vector Triple Product Basic Level

350. 351.
i (j k ) is equal to
[Rajasthan PET 1988; MP PET 1997]

(a) 0
20 i 3 j + 7 k
i j+ k

(b) i
20 i 3 j 7 k 2i 2 j

(c) j
20 i + 3 j 7 k 3i j + k

(d) k
[Rajasthan PET 1989]

If a = i + 2 j 2 k , b = 2 i j + k and c = i + 3 j k , then a (b c ) is equal to (a) (b) (c) If a = i + j k, b = i j + k , c = i j k , then a (b c ) is (a) (b) (c) (d)

[MP PET 2000]

352.

2i + 2 j k

353. 354. 355.

If a, b, c are any three vectors then (a b ) c is a vector (a) Perpendicular to a b (a) (b) Coplanar with a and b (b) a b (b) b || c (c) Parallel to c (c) (c) (d) Parallel to either a or b
[DCE 2001]

If a and b are two unit vectors, then the vector (a + b ) (a b ) is parallel to the vector

a+b

2a + b
a || b

(d)

2a b
[Rajasthan PET 1995]

356.

Which of the following is a true statement (a) (a b ) c is coplanar with c (c) c

(a b ) c is perpendicular to b

(b) (a b ) c is perpendicular to a (d)

(a b ) c is perpendicular to

357.

If u = i (a i ) + j (a j) + k (a k ) , then
[Rajasthan PET 1989, 97; MNR 1986, 93; MP PET 1987, 98, 99, 2004; UPSEAT 2000, 2002; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(a) 358.

u=0

(b) u = i + j + k
b (c a ) (b) | b (c a ) |

(c)

u = 2a

(d) u = a
[MP PET 1999]

A unit vector perpendicular to vector c and coplanar with vectors a and b is

a (b c ) (a) | a (b c ) | c (a b ) (c) | c (a b ) |

(d) None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1999]

359.

i (j k ) + j (k i ) + k (i j) equals

(b) j (b) b

(c) k (c) c

(d) 0
[AMU 1999]

Given three unit vectors a, b, c such that a b and a || c , then a (b c ) is (d) 0

A = i 2 j 3 k, B = 2 i + j k , C = i + 3 j 2 k , then ( A B) C is

(a) 362. (a) 363.

5(i + 3 j + 4 k )
i.j = 1

(b) 4 (i + 3 j + 4 k ) (b) i . i = 1

(c) (c)

5(i 3 j 4 k )
ij = 1

(d) 4 (i + 3 j + 4 k )
[MP PET 2001]

If a, b, c are any vectors, then the true statement is (a)

a (b c ) = (a b ) c

[Rajasthan PET 1988]

(b) a b = b a

(c)

a . (b c ) = a . b a . c

(d) a . (b c ) = a . b a . c

364.

a (b c ) is equal to

[Rajasthan PET 1995; Kurukshetra CEE 1998; MP PET 2003]

(a) (a . c )b (a . a )b 365.

(b) (a . c )a (b . c )a

(c)

(a . c )b (a . b )c

(d) (a . b )c (a . c )b
[Rajasthan PET 2003]

a (b c ) + b (c a ) + c (a b ) =

(a) 0

(b)

2[a b c ]

(c)

a +b+c

(d) 3[a b c ]

366. If a, b, c are non-coplanar unit vectors such that a (b c ) =
b+c

, then the angle between a and b is

3 4

[IIT 1995]

(a) 367.

(b)

(c)

(d)
[Orissa JEE 2003]

Let a, b, c be three vectors from a (b c ) = (a b ) c , if (a)

b (a c ) = 0

(b) a . (b c ) = 0

(c)

c a = a b

(d) c b = b a

368.

If a, b, c are any three vectors such that (a + b ). c = (a b ) . c = 0 , then (a b ) c is (a) 0 (b) a (c) b (d) None of these

369.

If three unit vectors a, b, c are such that a (b c ) = (a) 40 , 80

o o

b , then the vector a makes with b and c respectively the angles [MP PET 1998] 2

(b) 45 , 45

(c) 30 , 60

(d) 90 , 60

370.

a (b c ), b (c a ) and c (a b ) are

(d) None of these

a and b are two given vectors. On these vectors as adjacent sides a parallelogram is constructed. The vector which is the altitude of the parallelogram and which is perpendicular to a is (a)
(a . b ) | a|
2

ab

(b)

1 | a | 2 b (a . b )a | a|2

(c)

a (a b ) | a|2

(d)

a (b a )

| b|2

Scalar and Vector Product of Four or more Vectors Basic Level

372. If = 2 i + 3 j k, = i + 2 j 4 k and = i + j + k , then ( ) . ( ) is equal to (a) 60 (b) 64 (c) 74
[MNR 1984; UPSEAT 2000]

(d) 74

373.

(b c ) (c a ) =

(b) [c a b]b

(c) [a b c ]c

(d) [a c b]b
[MP PET 1998]

If a, b, c, d are coplanar vectors, then (a b ) (c d ) = (a) | a c | 2 (b) | a d | 2 (c) | b c | 2 (d) 0

375.

If . and represent dot product and cross product respectively then which of the following is meaningless (a) (a b ) . (c d ) (b) (a b ) (c d ) (c)
(a . b ) (c d )

(d) (a . b ) (c d )

376.

Two planes are perpendicular to one another. One of them contains vectors a and b and the other contains vectors c and d, then (a b ) . (c d ) equals (a) 1 (b) 0 (c) [a b c ] (d) [b c d]

377. a, b, c, d are any four vectors then (a b ) (c d ) is a vector (a) Perpendicular to a, b, c, d (b) Along the line of intersection of two planes, one containing a, b and the other containing c, d (c) Equally inclined to both a b and c d (d) None of these 378. If a, b, c are non-coplanar non-zero vectors then (a b ) (a c ) + (b c ) (b a ) + (c a ) (c b ) is equal to (a) [a b c ]2 (a + b + c ) 379. If a, b, c are (b) [a b c ] (a + b + c ) three non-coplanar non-zero (c) 0 vectors and r is any (d) None of these vector is space then

(a b ) (r c ) + (b c ) (r a ) + (c a ) (r b ) is equal to

(c) [a b c]r

a 2 (b . c )

(b) b 2 (a . c )

(c)

c 2 (a . b )

(d) None of these

381.

(a b ) . (c d ) is equal to

(a) 382.

a . {b (c d )}

(b) (a . c )(b . d ) (a . d )(b .c )

(c)

{(a b ) c } . d

(d) (d c ) . (b a )

(a b ) (a c ) . d equals

(a) [a b c ] (b . d ) 383.

(b) [a b c ] (a . d )

(c) [a b c ] (c . d )

(d) None of these

[(a b ) (b c ) (b c ) (c a ) (c a ) (a b )] is equal to

(a) [a b c] 384.

(b) [a b c]

(c) [a b c]

[IIT 1989]

If a, b, c are coplanar vectors, then

a b c a c a =0 b a b a.b b .b c a .c = 0 b .c a b c .b b .c c c .c = 0 b .b a b a .a c .c c

(a)

b c

(b)

a .a b .a

(c)

c .a b .a

(d)

a .b c .a

a .c = 0 c .b

r1 .r1

r1 .r3 r2 .r3 = 0 . Then which of the following is false r3 .r3

[AMU 2000]

385.

For any three non-zero vectors r1, r2 and r3, r2 .r1 r3 .r1

(a) All the three vectors are parallel to one and the same plane (b) All the three vectors are linearly dependent (c) This system of equation has a non-trivial solution 386.
[b c b c ] + (b . c ) 2 is equal to

(d) All the three vectors are perpendicular to each other

(a) | b | 2 | c | 2 387.

(b) (b + c ) 2

(c) | b | 2 + | c | 2

[AIEEE 2002]

Vector Equations Basic Level

388.

If position vector of points A, B, C are respectively i, j, k and AB = CX, then position vector of point X is (a)
i + j + k

(b) i j + k

(c)

i + jk

(d) i + j + k
[EAMCET 2002]

389.

If a . i = a . (i + j) = a . (i + j + k ) , then a = (a) i (b) k (c) j

r is equal to | r|

(d) i + j + k

390.

If a = i + j, b = 2 j k and r a = b a , r b = a b , then
1 11 1 11

(a) 391.

(i + 3 j k )

(b)

(i 3 j + k )

(c)

1 3

(i j + k )

(d) None of these

Given that the vectors a and b are non-collinear, the values of x and y for which the vector equality 2 u v = w holds true if
u = x a + 2 y b , v = 2 y a + 3 x b , w = 4 a 2 b are

(a) 392.

x =

4 6 ,y= 7 7

(b)

x =

10 4 ,y= 7 7

(c)

x =

8 2 ,y= 7 7

(d)

x = 2, y = 3

If a b = c d and a c = b d , then (a) (a d ) = (b c ) (b) a + d = (b + c ) (c)

(a b ) = (c + d )

393.

If r . a = r . b = r . c = 0 where a, b, c are non-coplanar, then (a)

rc a

(b)

ra b

(c)

rb c

(d)

r=0
[EAMCET 1990]

394.

If i, j, k are unit orthonormal vectors and a is a vector, if a r = j , then a . r is (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 1

(d) Arbitrary scalar

[Kurukshetra CEE 1996]

395.

a b = a c where (a 0 ) implies that

(a) b = c (c) a, b, c are mutually perpendicular (b) a and b are parallel (d) a, b, c are coplanar

396.

The scalars l and m such that la + m b = c , where a, b and c are given vectors, are equal to

(a) l =

(c b ) . (a b ) (a b ) 2

,m =

(c a ) . (b a ) (b a ) 2 (c a ) (b a ) (b a )

(b) l =

(c b ) . (a b ) (c a ) . (b a ) ,m = (a b ) (b a )

(c) 397.

l=

(c b ) (a b ) (a b )
2

,m =

(d) None of these

If a is a vector perpendicular to the vectors b = i + 2 j + 3 k and c = 2 i + 4 j + k and satisfies the condition a . (i 2 j + k ) = 6 , then a = (a)
5i + 7 j 4k 2

(b) 10 i + 7 j 8 k

(c)

5i

7 j + 4k 2

(d) None of these

[MP PET 1989]

398.

If a = (1, 1, 1) and c = ( 1, 1, 0), then the vector b satisfying a b = c and a . b = 1 is (a) (1, 0, 0) (b) (0, 0, 1) (c) (0, 1, 0)

(d) None of these

399.

If a = (1, 1, 1), c = (0, 1, 1) are two vectors and b is a vector such that a b = c and a . b = 3 , then b is equal to
[IIT 1985, 1991]

2 2 5 (a) , , 3 3 3 400.

2 5 2 (b) , , 3 3 3

(c) (5, 2, 2)

5 2 2 (d) , , 3 3 3
[IIT 1990]

If a = 2 i + k, b = i + j + k and c = 4 i 3 j + 7 k . If d b = c b and d . a = 0 , then d will be (a)

i + 8 j + 2k

(b) i 8 j + 2 k

(c)

i + 8 j k

(d) i 8 j + 2 k
[Rajasthan PET 1990]

401.

b=c

(d) None of these

[IIT 1983; Karnataka CET 2002]

402.

If x . a = 0, x . b = 0 and x . c = 0 for some non-zero vector x, then the true statement is (a) [a b c] = 0 (b) [a b c ] 0 (c) [a b c] = 1

[IIT 1988]

403.

i j k + + 2 2 2

i j k + 2 2 2

(a) 404.

(b)

(c)

i j k + 2 2 2

405.

Given the following simultaneous equations for vectors x and y

x + y = a ............(i)
(a) a, a x 406.

x y = b ............(ii)

[Roorkee 1994]

(b) a b, b

(c) b, a b

[EAMCET 1993]

r a = b a ; r b = a b ; a 0 ; b 0 ; a b , a is not perpendicular to b, then r =

(a) a b 407.

(b) a +b

(c)

ab +a

(d) a b + b
o

Let a = 2 i + j 2 k and b = i + j . If c is a vector such that a . c =| c |, | c a | = 2 2 and the angle between (a b ) and c is 30 , then | (a b ) c | = (a)
2 3

[IIT 1999]

(b)

3 2

(c) 2

(d) 3

408.

Let a = 2 i + j + k , b = i + 2 j k and a unit vector c be coplanar. If c is perpendicular to a, then c = (a)

1 2 ( j + k )

[IIT 1999]

(b)

1 3

(i j k )

(c)

1 5

(i 2 j)

(d)

1 3

(i j k )
[IIT 1999]

409.

Let a and b be two non-collinear unit vectors. If u = a (a . b )b and v = a b , then | v | is (a) | u | (b) | u | + | u . a | (c) | u | + | u . b | (d) | u | + u . (a + b )

410.

Let a, b, c be three vectors such that a 0 and a b = 2 a c , | a | =| c | = 1, | b | = 4 and | b c | = 15 . If b 2 c = a , then

equal to
(a) 1 411. (b) 4 (c) 4 (d) 2

[Orissa JEE 2004]

Unit vectors a, b and c are coplanar. A unit vector d is perpendicular to them. If (a b ) (c d ) = between a and b is 30 , then c is (a)
(i 2 j + 2 k ) 3
o

1 1 1 i j + k and the angle 6 3 3

[Roorkee Qualifying 1998]

(b)

(2 i + j k ) 3

(c)

(i + 2 j 2 k ) 3

(d)

(i + 2 j + k ) 3
[AMU 1999]

412.

a+b If vectors a, b, c satisfy the condition | a c | =| b c | , then (b a ) . c is equal to 2

(a) 0 413.

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) 2

Let r be a vector perpendicular to a + b + c , where [a b c ] = 2 . If r = l(b c ) + m (c a ) + n(a b ) , then l + m + n is (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) None of these

414.

Let a, b and c be three vectors having magnitudes 1, 1 and 2 respectively. If a (a c ) + b = 0 , the acute angle between a and c is (a)

(b)

(c)

(d) None of these

415.

If a = i + j k, b = i j + k and c is a unit vector perpendicular to the vector a and coplanar with a and b, then a unit vector d perpendicular to both a and c is (a)
1 6 (2 i j + k )

(b)

1 2

(j + k )

(c)

1 2

(i + j)

(d)

1 2

(i + k )

416.

If a is perpendicular to b and r is a non-zero vector such that p r + (r . b )a = c , then r = (a)

c (b . c ) a p p2

(b)

a (c . a ) b p p2

(c)

b (a . b ) c p p2

(d)

c
p
2

(b . c ) a p

417.

b + 9a

(b) a + 9 b

(c)

b 9a

(d) None of these

418.

If a = i + j and b = 2 i k are two vectors ,then the point of intersection of two lines r a = b a and r b = a b is
[IIT 1992; Rajasthan PET 2000]

(a) 419.

i + jk

(b) i j + k

(c)

3i + j k

(d) 3 i j + k

A line passes through the points whose position vectors are i + j 2 k and i 3 j + k . The position vector of a point on it at a unit distance from the first point is (a)
1 (5 i + j 7 k ) 5

(b)

1 (5 i + 9 j 13 k ) 5

(c)

i 4 j + 3k

(d) None of these

420.

The projection of the vector i + j + k on the line whose vector equation is r = (3 + t)i + (2 t 1)j + 3 tk , t being the scalar parameter, is (a)
1 14

(b) 6

(c)

6 14

421.

422.

If c = a b and b = c a then (a)

a .b = c 2

(b) c . a = b 2

(c)

a b

(d) a ||

bc

423.

If r satisfies the equation r (i + 2 j + k ) = i k , then for any scalar m, r is equal to (a) (c)
i + m (i + 2 j + k ) k + m (i + 2 j + k )

(b)

j + m (i + 2 j + k )

(d) i k + m (i + 2 j + k )

424.

If a = (1, 1, 1) and b (2, 0, 1) , then the vector X satisfying the conditions (i) (a) That it is coplanar with a and b
3 i + 4 j + 6 k

(ii) That it is perpendicular to b

3 5 i + j + 3k 2 2

(iii)

That a . X = 7 is

(b)

(c)

3 i + 16 j 6 k

(d) None of these

425.

If the non-zero vectors a and b are perpendicular to each other, then the solution of the equation, r a = b is given by (a) (c)
r = xa + ab

| a|2

(b) (d)

r = xb

ab

| b|2

r = x (a b )

r = x (b a )

Vector Algebra
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Assignment (Basic and Advance level)

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

a
21

b
22

a
23

d
24

d
25

a
26

d
27

d
28

c
29

c
30

b
31

a
32

a
33

b
34

c
35

a
36

b
37

b
38

c
39

d
40

d
41

b
42

d
43

a
44

c
45

b
46

d
47

b
48

d
49

b
50

b
51

b
52

c
53

c
54

b
55

d
56

c
57

d
58

c
59

b
60

d
61

c
62

c
63

c
64

a
65

c
66

c
67

d
68

a
69

c
70

c
71

a
72

c
73

c
74

b
75

a
76

a
77

c
78

c
79

a,c
80

a,d
81

a
82

d
83

a
84

c
85

a
86

b
87

c
88

a
89

b
90

c
91

b
92

a
93

b
94

b
95

b
96

b
97

b
98

a
99

b
100

c
101

b
102

a
103

a
104

d
105
a,b,c,d

b
106

a
107

a
108

b
109

c
110

c
111

a
112

c
113

b
114

c
115

c
116

d
117

d
118

c
119

d
120

c
121

c
122

a
123

a
124

a
126

a
127

d
128

b
129

d
130

c
131

b
132

d
133

a
134

a
135

c
136

b
137

a
138

b
139

c
140

125

a
141

b
142

a
143

c
144

a
145

d
146

d
147

b
148

c
149

d
150

c
151

a
152

a
153

d
154

c
155

c
156

c
157

c
158

d
159

c
160

a
161

c
162

d
163

d
164

d
165

a
166

a
167

a
168

b
169
a,c,d

c
170

c
171

c
172

c
173

a
174

a
175

c
176

d
177

c
178

b
179

b
180

b
181

c
182

c
183

c
184

d
185

d
186

a
187

c
188

b
190

a
191

a
192

b
193

b
194

b
195

d
196

a
197

d
198

b
199

c
200

189

c
201

d
202

c
203

b
204

d
205

a
206

c
207

b
208

d
209

c
210

b
211

b
212

b
213

c
214

a
215

a
216

b
217

b
218

a
219

b
220

d
221

c
222

a
223

a
224

a
225

c
226

c
227

c
228

b
229

a
230

b
231

a
232

c
233

c
234

c
235

b
236

a
237

c
238

c
239

d
240

c
241

a
242

d
243

a
244

d
245

c
246

b
247

a
248

c
249

a
250

c
251

c
252

a
253
a,b,c

c
254

b
255

b
256

b
257

b
258

a
259

d
260

d
261

c
262

a
263

c
264

b
265

a
266

b
267

b
268

c
269

c
270

b
271

c
272

b
274

c
275

b
276

b
277

c
278

b
279

c
280

273

d
281

a
282

a
283

d
284

c
285

c
286

c
287

a
288

d
289

d
290

b
291

c
292

a
293

c
294

d
295

c
296

b
297

a
298

b
299

b
300

d
301

a
302

b
303

c
304

a
305

b
306

d
307

d
308

c
309

c
310

c
311

b
312

b
313

c
314

d
315

a
316

c
317

d
318

c
319

c
320

a
321

c
322

d
323

c
324

d
325

b
326

d
327

a
328

a
329

c
330

d
331

a
332

d
333

a
334

c
335

b
336

c
337

b
338

a
339

a
340

c
341

a
342

b,c
343

a
344

d
345

b,d
346

c
347

c
348

b
349

d
350

a
351

b
352

a
353

b
354

d
355

d
356

a
357

d
358

a
359

b
360

d
361

b
362

b
363

a
364

b
365

b
366

b
367

b
368

a
369

a
370

a
371
a,b,c

b
372

a,b
373

b
374

b
375

d
376

c
377

c
378

d
379

b
380

a
381
a,b,c,d

b
382

d
383

c
384

a
385

c
386

a
387

a
388

d
389

a
390

d
392

c
393

d
394

d
395

b
396

b,c
397

b
398

a
399

a
400

391

b
402

c
403

b
404

a
405

a
406

a
407

a
408

a
409

a
410

b
411

b
412

d
413

d
414

a
415

a
416

a
417

b
418

d
419

d
420

401

c
421

a
422

c
423

a
424

d
425

a,c

b,c

a,c

a,b

c,d