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MX3AMD3A

Directional Multiple-Function Three-Phase Overcurrent Protection


TECHNICAL MANUAL MDE/D133 2136 001

ABCD

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MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

CONTENTS
1. TECHNICAL DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.1 Selecting rated values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3. OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Directional three-phase overcurrent protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Start detection function (I>>>*2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Inverse-time I> trip interrupt function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Accelerated phase selectivity function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Breaker failure protection (BF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Main and spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Diagnostic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Output circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 LED signalling circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Additional timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 Event logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9 Breaker pole wear index (I2t) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.10 Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.11 Alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.12 Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.13 LCD setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.14 inhibiting - resetting the device via network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.15 Serial communication on LONWORKS (TM) bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.16 RS485 serial communication and MODBUS protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.17 Fault Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.18 Continuous trippinng circuits control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 8 8 8 9 9 9

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 12 12 13 13

5. LOCAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 6. LCD MENU STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1 MAIN READING MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.1 Change dialogue language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.2 Change date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.3 Display settings in use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.4 Display main settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.5 Display spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.6 Display current and stored measurement values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.7 Display counters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.8 Display events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.9 Display output relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.10 Display digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.11 Display LED's . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.12 Display relay information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.1.13 Diagnostic display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 MAIN SETTINGS CHANGE MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.1 Select current settings group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.2 Change main settings group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.3 Change spare settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.4 Set output relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.5 Set digital inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.6 LED Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.7 Set alphanumeric code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2.8 LCD back-lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 TEST MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 22

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MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

7. APPLICATION AND USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 8. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.1 ESD Electrostatic charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 Acceptance - storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3 Assembling and connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1 Safety regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.2 Checking nameplate ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3 Final inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24

APPENDIX A - Network data exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

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MX3AMD3A
1. TECHNICAL DATA This device belongs to the Modulex 3 line, and digitally processes three phase currents IA IB, IC and three voltages UA UB,UC to provide a directional overcurrent protection besides many other additional functions. The relay can comunicate with the user: - locally by the relay front-located-display; - with a remote control and monitoring system by a LONWORKS (TM) bus. It is furthermore capable of dialoguing with a Personal Computer through a connector located on the relay front and an interface programme. This feature makes it easier and safer to programme the setting parameters and configure and read the set values, measurements and logged events; the programming can also be taken from previously created files. Protective functions: directional/non-directional three-phase overcurrent first threshold with selection of definite or inverse time tripping characteristic second and third threshold with definite time tripping characteristic accelerated selectivity, or rather the possibility of transmitting and receiving information from other protections, so that only those that are nearer to the fault are enabled to trip instantaneously. breaker opening failure protection possibility of two groups of settings, main and reserve possibility of interrupting the tripping of the first threshold when the second and third thresholds start; this eliminates any possible disturbance between the inverse time curves and the definite-time threshold delays. Measuring functions: current values, expressed in multiples of In primary current values, expressed in Amperes voltage values, expressed in multiples of Un maximum values, expressed in multiples of In, Un phase voltage values, expressed in Volts measures of the angle between current and voltage (IA^UA; IB^UB; IC^UC), expressed in degrees breaker pole wearing index logging of the last 8 events with storage of tripped threshold, date, time as well as current, voltage and angle values in force at the fault occurrence. Oscilloperturbography: recording, for a total time equalling 2.5 s, of the instantaneous values (12 samples per period) of the input quantities (IA,IB,IC,UA,UB,UC), and of the 19 logical states, which include digital inputs and additional timers. RCE logging recorder of the last 32 state changements (with relative date and time); they are available only via PC or network.

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selection of dialogue language (Italian, English, French and Spanish) self-monitoring with detailed indication of fault and alarm type through LED's and "normally energized" output relay (X6) possibility of serial communication either with a local PC or through LONWORKS (TM) bus three auxiliary timers available for assignment to the digital inputs possibility of assigning one or more device functions to each output relay and each LED possibility of pre-setting the output relays as "all normally energized" or "all normally de-energized" possibility of selecting, for each output relay and each LED, the monostable or bistable (stored) operating mode possibility of assigning a minimum pulse width to each output relay optoisolated digital inputs programmable for lock, drive and reset functions; each one can be normally energized or normally de-energized. They can be used to monitor the trip circuit for continuity partial and total counters for each tripping thresholds
DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT PROTECTION settable rated phase current In: 1 A or 5 A measurement range: 0 50 In continuous thermal withstand: 4 In short-time thermal withstand 1 s: 100 In burden at 5 A: 0.15 VA per phase rated phase voltage Un: 40 130 V by steps of : 0.1V continuous thermal withstand: 200 V short-time thermal withstand 1 s: 250 V burden at 100V: 0.6 VA Settings first threshold starting signalling delay threshold characteristic characteristic angle definite or inverse time tripping delay definite time delay inverse time as per IEC 255-3 multiplier second threshold starting signalling delay threshold characteristic characteristic angle tripping delay third threshold starting signalling delay threshold characteristic characteristic angle tripping delay threshold doubling time settings step: with directional unit on minimum operating time t1,t2,t3 :

I>: 0.15 In / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s I>: directional / non-direct. I^U: 0 359 type: t1: type: K: INDEPEN. 0.02 600 s CURVE A - B - C 0.01 30.00

I>>: 0.1 40 In / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s I>>: directional / non-direct. I^U: 0 359 t2: 0.02 99.99 s I>>>: 0.1 40 In / OFF tstart: 0.00 9.99 s I>>>: directional / non-direct. I^U: 0 359 t3: 0.02 99.99 s t(*2): 0.02 99.99 s / OFF 0.01 0.05 s

Other functions: selection of 1A or 5A rated current through internal jumpers selection of rated frequency within the 50Hz to 60Hz range

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MX3AMD3A
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS phase CT's primary rated current: zero sequence CT's primary rated current: by steps of: phase VT's primary rated voltage: by steps of: rated frequency minimum pulse width time of end relays breaker arcing time additional delay additional delay additional delay breaker failure delay Auxiliary power supply MX3AMD3A.11, .61 and .71 types Uaux: Uaux: MX3AMD3A.12, .62 and .72 types Uaux: Uaux: frequency for Uaux in a.c.: burden (min/max) in d.c.: burden (min/max) in a.c.: Output contact rating rated current: breaking power (110 Vcc; L/R= 40 ms; 105 operations): make and carry for 0.5 s: mechanical life: Digital inputs MX3AMD3A.11, .61 and .71 types Uaux IN DIG: input resistance: MX3AMD3A.12, .62 and .72 types Uaux IN DIG: input resistance: Errors of measuring equipment Directional overcurrent protection relative error: consistency: 3 % of set value + 0.5% In 1 % of set value + 0.5% In 19 100 Vcc 9 kohm 64 264 Vcc 48 kohm 64 300 Vcc 64 275 Vca 47 63 Hz 5 W / 10 W 10VA / 20VA 19 100 Vcc 19 72 Vca

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as temperature and Uaux vary within the operating range accuracy class (IEC 255-3): 1% or 10 ms relative error on definite time delays: 0.5% or 10 ms Other characteristics resetting ratio: resetting time: overshoot time:

fn: timp: t52: tX1: tX2: tX3: tBF:

10 10000 A 10 10000 A 1A 100 1000000 V 1V 50 o 60 Hz 0.02 1 s 0.01 0.1 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 600 s 0.02 1 s / OFF

> 0.95 50 ms 30 ms

Operating ranges service temperature: -10 C +60 C storage and transp'ort temperature: -25 C +80 C relative humidity: < 95% with no formation of condensate vibration: IEC255-21-1; class 2; 0.075mm 10-60Hz; 1g 60-500Hz Weight total: Degree of protection device: on request, front protection when flush-mounted in a panel: terminals with mounted cover:

2.5 Kg

IP52 IP66 IP20

5A 0.3 A 30 A 106 operations

Insulation To ground and between two independent circuits whatsoever: 2 kV, 50 Hz per minute Impulse test: 5 kV 1.2/50 s Electromagnetic compatibility 89/336/CEE directive: EN50081-2 EN50082-2 For industrial environment UNIPEDE NORM(SPEC)13 "Automation and control apparatus for generating station and substation" ENEL R_EMC_02 "Apparati di automazione e controllo per centrali e stazioni elettriche". electromagnetic compatibility conditions: IEC 1000-4-8 EN 61000-4-8 lev.5; 1000 A/m IEC 1000-4-10 EN 61000-4-10 lev.5; 100 A/m IEC 1000-4-3 ENV 50140 lev.3; 10 V/m 77B(Sec)1 ENV 50204 lev.3; 10 V/m IEC 1000-4-2 EN 61000-4-2 lev.4; 8kV contact;15kV in air 77A/120/CD lev.4 / 3;300V/ 10-1-1-10 V IEC 1000-4-5 EN 61000-4-5 lev.4; 4kV 1.2/50 s IEC 1000-4-12 EN 61000-4-12 lev.3; 2.5 kV IEC 1000-4-4 EN 61000-4-4 lev.4; 4 kV 77B/144/DIS ENV 50141 lev.3; 10 V 77A(Sec)99 lev.2; 10% IEC 1000-4-11 EN 61000-4-11 > 20 ms IEC/CISPR 11 EN 55011 group 1 class A Reference standards EN 60255-6 IEC 255 73/23/CEE Low Voltage Directive

Error variation as frequency varies within the 5% fn range and with 5% distortion factor Directional overcurrent threshold relative error: 1 % of set point + 0.25% In

as temperature and Uaux vary within the operating range Directional overcurrent threshold relative error: for asymmetric values transient overreach: Time errors accuracy class (IEC 255-3): relative error on definite time delays: consistency on definite time delays: Variation of time errors as frequency varies within the 5% fn range and with 5% distortion factor accuracy class (IEC 255-3): 2% or 20 ms 0.5% of the point + 0.1% In 5%

5% or 20 ms 3% or 20 ms 1% or 20 ms

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MX3AMD3A
2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The device features a mechanical casing that is 4U in height, and as wide as to allow up to 4 pieces to be accommodated in a 19" rack, in addition to normal flush-mounting. The casing is made of a hot-galvanized PVC-coated plate frame inside which the moving part that carries all the electronic circuits and the local interface slides on guides. The pullout action is facilitated by the presence of special "handles" which, when the device is "plugged in", are also used to lock the two parts. The aluminium frame of the moving part renders the latter excellently rigid. The device/system interface terminal blocks are located on top of the casing and, for each electrical connection, a screw clamp is available apt to receive up to 2 cable terminals, 4mm 2 in size. Using a special accessory that is included in the supply, the connection can also be made using Faston units. Special error-sensing codes avoid inserting relays other than those compatible with the housing. A cover lid classes the terminal block within the IP20 protection class. When the moving part is pulled out, the current inputs are automatically short-circuited, whereas the voltage and auxiliary circuits are disconnected. The device front bears two labels: one plate lists the factory configuration of the device, namely auxiliary voltage, rated current and frequency; The other plate, always in accordance with the factory configuration, provides an explanation of LED signals. Both these labels can be easily replaced with new ones, which can bear that information as the client will require. As far as the factory configuration relevant to output relays, LED's, digital inputs and relevant settings are concerned, please refer to tables A, B and C. 2.1 Selecting rated values

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The selection of the rated current between 1 or 5 Ampres for phase protection is made by acting on jumpers S3, S7, S8, S9, which can be reached once the relay has been pulled out. All of the S3,S7,S8 and S9 jumpers must all be set to the same rated current value. Jumper S4 is not enabled, hence its location does not affect relay operation at all. (see fig.1, 4a, 4b).

TOP SIDE

RELAY FRONT

fig. 1

I WARNING
Hazardous voltages can remain in the device even when the latterhas been de-energized or pulled out of its casing (capacitor storage)

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MX3AMD3A
3. OPERATION 3.1 Directional three-phase overcurrent protection The directional three-phase overcurrent protection works by comparing the phase currents with the relevant set thresholds (I>, I>>, I>>>): in the event of one or more of the monitored currents exceeding the associated threshold value and with the current vector I in the tripping zone, both the timers tstart and the tripping timers t1, t2, t3 are enabled to operate. If the above conditions persist, once the associated tstart time delay is over, the delayed starting signal is sent. If the tripping timers also reach the set over-time value, the device sends the tripping signal and, possibly, the indication of the corresponding faulty phases; the total and partial counters concerning the operated threshold are incremented and the event logging session is enabled . The protection tripping range or zone is defined by 90 as to the characteristic angle I^U, which can be separately set for each tripping threshold. The angle is to be considered positive and moving counter-clockwise as to the voltage vector U previously taken as a reference (leading current). The figure below shows the tripping zone as the hatch-shaded area.

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If a special digital input, previously assigned to one or more threshold locking functions, is enabled, the start registers remain on zero, so that no operation is allowed for as long as the input remains enabled. Threshold I> may have the following characteristic: - definite-time, in the following form: type INDEPEN t = t1

- inverse-time as per the IEC 255 standard, in the following form : 0.14 x K type Curve A t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )0.02 - 1 13.5 x K t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )1 - 1 80 x K t = + 0.02 ( I / I> )2 - 1

type Curve B

type Curve C

where: K allows for selecting the curve within the family I/I> is the ratio between the greatest among the three measured currents and the set threshold (with a maximum value equalling I/I>=25) The inverse time characteristics, which are represented in figures 3a, 3b, 3c, prove to be applicable within the 0 50 In measuring range. The tstart, t2, t3 timers have definite-time characteristic. The directional feature of the phase threshold can be excluded. 3.2 Start detection function (I>>>*2) This function only applies to the phase protection, starts when the fixed threshold is exceeded by 5% In and aims at doubling the I>>> tripping value, with a peak value equalling 40In, for a t (*2) to be set. When t (*2) is over, the initial value of the I>>> threshold is automatically restored. 3.3 Inverse-time I> trip interrupt function The tripping of the first threshold's (if inverse-time) end relay can be interrupted on starting the second and third threshold. This is done to remove any disturbance possibly occurring between the inverse-time curves and the definite-time threshold delays. With reference to the example shown in the figure beside, the tripping characteristic of the protection, without making use of the interrupt function, would be defined by the curve A-B-C-D-F and not by the theoretical A-B-C-D-E curve, which would inevitably result into loss of selectivity with the downstream protections.

To determine such area, the IA current signal and the UA reference voltage are to be considered; similarly, IB plus UB and IC plus UC; furthermore: - the UA voltage as injected into terminals 7-8 with reference polarity to terminal 7, and the IA current flowing into terminal 1 of the device. - the UB voltage as injected into terminals 9-10 with reference polarity to terminal 9 and the IB current flowing into terminal 3. - the UC voltage as injected into terminals 11-12 with reference polarity to terminal 11 and the IC current flowing into terminal 5. In order to prevent the reference voltages from decreasing due to a single-phase or two-phase fault, the interlinked voltages which do not affect the protected phase must be used: EL2-L3 voltage with IL1 phase current, EL3-L1 voltage with IL2 phase current and EL1-L2 voltage for IL3 phase current (see figure 5); hence, it follows that, to have the trip in the same direction as the flowing current, by calling (leading current positive end) the phase-displacement of current as to its star voltage, the characteristic angle to be set is (90 - ).

pag. 8

MX3AMD3A
3.6 Main and spare settings
t [s]
1000

MDE/D133 2136 001

100

10

B 1 D C E

The device can store tow groups of settings, named "main" and 'spare' settings, which can be programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network. The current settings are indicated on the display unit with the text 'SETTINGS IN USE'. The device, notwithstanding the selections made, can be forced to use the SPARE SETTINGS.Such forcing can be enabled from the network or through the continuous activation of the digital input (IN DIG 1) specially set to suit this purpose. This condition is signalled by the presence of the characters <!> next to the selected settings;when the signal drops, the previously selected group of settings is enabled again, whereas the characters <!> disappear (see paragraph 6.1.3). The overcoming of the tripping thresholds inhibits any modification and exchange of settings.

0.1

0.01 0.1 1 10

In
100

3.4 Accelerated phase selectivity function This function allows the phase fault to be selectively eliminated, indipendent of its location in the system, within a t3 time, thus giving up the traditional chronometrical selectivity. The function is implemented by setting up a digital input that locks the I>>> threshold, this lock being controlled by the relays that start the I>> threshold of the downstream protections. When a fault shows up, all the protections affected by the shortcircuit current instantly commute their own starting end-relays by resetting the I>>> threshold timer of the protection/s immediately above: only the relay located next to the fault , without receiving any lock-out signal, operates within the t3 time. If the second I>> threshold is set as I>>> but with a t2 tripping time duly delayed as to t3, a chronometrical selectivity that backs up the one-time selectivity can be reached, which provides the system with a further protection step. 3.5 Breaker failure protection (BF) The t_BF timer is started as soon as any tripping signal whatsoever is sent; the process is reset when the starting thresholds drop out. If the timer reaches the over-time condition, a signal of breaker opening failure is sent and the relevant total and partial counters are incremented accordingly.

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MX3AMD3A
4. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS 4.1 Diagnostic Diagnostic activities are envisaged which are automatically carried out upon powering on the device as well as from time to time during the running, and which provide the following actions: - signalling fault or failure conditions. This signal deenergizes the diagnostic relay, turns off the green LED (indicating running system) and lights up the red LED (indicating system failure). - locking out the system in the event of faults that might entail ill-timed operation (VITAL FAULTS). - displaying the failure code. The following failures are classed as NON-VITAL FAULTS: - output relay(s) (X1 - X5) failure - communication failure - internal clock failure The following failures fall within the VITAL FAULTS: - feeder failure - EEPROM failure - internal or external RAM failure - Analogue/Digital converter failure In the presence of vital faults, the device automatically displays the fault code; this condition can only be reset, if the equipment allows this condition to be reset, by enabling the 'settings change' function. In the event that, upon starting up the equipment, an EEPROM failure makes it impossible to retrieve the information on the selected dialogue language, the device will continue working using Italian as the default dialogue language. The device includes the 'Watch Dog' function. The diagnostic activity is also aimed at signalling any condition of "inhibited equipment"; this condition is displayed with a dedicated code, the diagnostic relay is de-energized and the red LED (faulty device) lights up. This condition can only be reset by enabling the 'settings change' function. The diagnostic menu also indicates the date when last changes were made to the equipment. 4.2 Output circuits The output circuits are composed of six relays, each of them equipped with two contacts (see block diagram). The X6 relay, normally energized, is strictly assigned to the diagnostic function. Each remaining relay, if duly programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network, can be: - set to perform one or more functions - preset for: - monostable operation: immediate return to the quiescent position when the cause that operated it is removed. - bistable operation (MEMOR): the tripping position is maintained until a reset signal comes from the front push-button, the digital input or the serial connection. - for a minimum duration of the signal or command (t_IMP). The output relays, except for the diagnostic relay, can all be simultaneously set to "normally energized" (NORMAL.ON=ON) or "normally de-energized" (NORMAL.ON=OFF): this selection is made by acting on the S1 jumper, which can only be reached when the relay is pulled out (see figg. 1, 4c, 4d). 4.3 LED signalling circuits

MDE/D133 2136 001

The signalling circuits are made up of twelve LED's (see fig. 5). Four LEDS are rigorously assigned to previously established signalling functions: - green (Uaux) LED ON in the presence of power supply and with correct feeder output voltage values - green (RUN) LED ON with permanent light in normal conditions and blinking during setting changing and testing activities - red (RUN) LED ON with permanent light when the diagnostic detects a fault or a condition of inhibition. - green (Rx Tx) LED on with permanent light when the device is correctly connected to the network; blinking with communication board not enabled or not configured, OFF when the communication board is not present on the device. Each of the eight LED's left, if duly programmed through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network, can be: - set to perform one or more functions - pre-set for: - monostable operation; it automatically goes out when the cause that made it go on is removed. - bistable (MEMOR) operation; the LED remains ON until a reset signal is sent through the front push-button, the digital input or the serial link. Any auxiliary voltage failure only entails a temporary loss of the luminous signalling, which come back again as soon as voltage is restored. A pocket is provided close to each LED where LED-identification labels can be placed. 4.4 Digital inputs Each of the three optoisolated inputs can be assigned to one or more protection's functions through a keyboard-, P.C.- or network-programming activity. The input voltage can even not match the device's auxiliary voltage. The digital inputs can be set to be enabled through normal energizing or normal de-energizing. 4.5 Additional timers All of the optoisolated inputs (IN DIG 1,IN DIG 2,IN DIG 3) can be set to be associated with additional timers (t_X1, t_X2, t_X3). When the programmed input is enabled, the associated additional timer starts, and if the timer reaches the over-time status, the tripping signal is sent and maintained for as long as the input remains enabled. 4.6 Counters Each tripping threshold is associated with a partial and total counter. The counters work within the 0-9999 range; when 9999 is exceeded, the counter is automatically reset and the count restarts from the beginning. All the partial counters can be reset through the keyboard, a Personal Computer or a network.

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MX3AMD3A
4.7 Event logging When a tripping event occurs, the following information is stored in the circulating memory: - first operated threshold - day,month, year, hour,minute,second and millisecond identifying the tripping event - the values of phase currents, phase voltages and U^I phase displacements, as measured at the time of the trip. The set of information concerning one trip is called event. The circulating memory allows the last 8 events to be stored, and when this number is exceeded, a new record replaces the older: the last event is stored as EVENT 1. The stored events can be read from the front display unit or from a PC serially connected to the device. Furthermore, the device can store the latest 32 changes of state (with related date and time) and make them available via PC or local field-bus only. 4.8 Measurements The device can display the instant values of: - phase current, which is expressed, respectively, in multiples of the In rated currents, and, in the form of an absolute value, in primary Amperes. - phase voltages, expressed in multiples of Un and, in the form of an absolute value, in primary Volts. - I^U phase displacements, expressed in sexagesimal degrees. The device also displays the maximum values of: - phase currents, in multiples of In - phase voltage, in multiples of Un as measured from the last Reset of maximum values. 4.9 Breaker pole wear index (I2t) The current values that are measured each time the protection trips are used to calculate the (I2t) parameter, which is proportional to the power interrupted by each breaker pole and which represents an index of wear of the breaker poles. For the phase-phase fault, it is calculated as follows: (I) 2 t_52) where: t_52 is the circuit breaker opening time. I are the phase currents expressed in primary Ampere values. The wear indexes can be read from the measurement menu and can only be reset by acting through Pc or via field-bus. 4.10 Test Besides the normal diagnostic already dealt with, the device also offers, in the TEST mode, the possibility of testing LED's, display unit and output relays. - The LED test turns on all the LED's, L1 to L8, and the display unit (LCD) for two seconds. Once the test is over, the LED's that were ON before the test remain ON and the display unit goes back to the previous information displayed. The test can also be performed in any operating condition, without affecting the operation in progress. - the relay test allows the output relays X1 to X5 to be

MDE/D133 2136 001


sequentially selected and checked for correct operation. In this way, any external signalling or control circuit can be tested, as well. The tested relay remains energized for 150 to 200 ms. If starting or tripping commands are already present, the test is not carried out and a dedicated message appears on the display unit. The test on auxiliary relays does not affect counters, event logs and LED's. 4.11 Alphanumeric code The device can be identified within the system by an alphanumeric code, which can be set by the user directly on the equipment or through a PC. With device linked to the network, the alphanumeric code can only be modified by acting through the network. 4.12 Language The device can display information in four languages:Italian, English, French and Spanish. The language can be selected through the keyboard. 4.13 LCD setting The display can be set for fixed (OFF) or timed (ON) backlighting; in the latter case, the display lights up for 300s any time a key is pressed. 4.14 inhibiting - resetting the device via network The device must be inhibited when located in already running plants, to avoid troubles possibly showing up when a protection must be fed whose settings are unknown or need to be changed. The inhibition is set on by holding the settings change button pressed, for about 2 s, and simultaneously injecting the auxiliary supply until the following message is displayed: [ BLOC ] [ ] On releasing the button, the condition of "device-inhibited" is signalled by a diagnostics fault message (P). The device can only be restored to normal operation by shifting to the settings change function, which is however enabled; a momentary loss of auxiliary supply does not affect the "inhibited" state of the device. If the device is also equipped with a field-bus board, from the BLOC. condition, by holding the settings change push-button pressed for another 2 s, the device will display: [ NET RESET ? ] [_ NO YES _] provided that a confirmation is given, the device can also be made lose its network configuration. The complete procedure to inhibit and reset the device via network must be carried out any time the device needs replacing. The restoration of an inhibited and reset device will entail a K message type to be displayed until the device is configured anew.

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MX3AMD3A
4.15 Serial communication on LONWORKS
(TM)

MDE/D133 2136 001


bus 4.16 RS485 serial communication and MODBUS protocol Concerning the communication of devices provided with software version 2.00 and subsequent, three different versions are possible: - whitout any communication card (version MX3AMD3A .11 e .12); - provided with LonWorks(TM) communication card (version MX3AMD3A .61 e .62); - provided with Modbus communication card (version MX3AMD3A .71 e .72); The identification of the installed communication card is automatic. When using an unit provided with LonWorks(TM) communication card, it's required first to effect the relay wiring according to its wiring diagram and later proceed with the configuration of all connected devices; the automatic configuration of connected devices is possible by connecting a PC provided with PCLTA10 or SLTA10 card, in which CORMOX2 software has been installed. When using a device provided with Modbus communication the configuration of each relay may be realized by the front interface, or by the IRMA2 program installed on a PC connected to the relay via front plug. The configuration may be realized also on relays not jet connected together and may be eventually organized in files together with all other settings.

The device, in the version including the special bus board, can communicate with a central monitoring and control system at a speed equalling 1.2 5 Mbaud. The connection to the field bus is made through terminals: 43 and 45. The communication board, which can be also added later, is only enabled if the special S6 jumper is correctly connected, while it is not in the case the jump is connected in vertical position across S5 and S6 (see fig. 2). If the S6 jumper is connected when the communication board is not present, the diagnostic function displays a message of failure, behaving as if the board were present and faulty. Appendix A lists the parameters available for the network.

TOP SIDE

RELAY FRONT

Modbus communication card configuration requires:


A-A VIEW

PARAMETER Speed BOARD NOT ENABLE A-A VIEW fig. 2 A-A VIEW Parity BOARD ENABLE

VALUE 300 600 1200 2400 4800 9600 19200 38400 Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud Baud

I WARNING hazardous voltages can remain in the device even when the latter has been de-energized or pulled out of its casing (capacitor memory)

NONE EVEN ODD 7 8 1 2 1 - 255 (0 broadcast)

Data Bit

Stop Bit

Address

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MX3AMD3A
This parameters can be programmed in local or remote mode. So, the following extension of the 'RELAY DATA' menu is available: [MX3AMD3A ] relay type [Sw Vers 2.00/01] software version 5. LOCAL INTERFACE

MDE/D133 2136 001


[DATA BIT [STOP BIT

[PLANT IDENTIFIER] [GenPan ] plant identifier [SPEED [PARITY 38400 Bb] speed setting NONE ] parity setting 8 ] data bit setting 1 ] stop bit setting 111 ] address setting ]

[ADDRESS [

On demand is available documentation about LonWorks(TM) and Modbus versions.

4.17 Fault Recorder The device can record the course of input currents (IA, IB, IC, Io), voltages UA, UB, UC and the logic states of the 8 LED's, the 5 auxiliary relays, the 3 digital inputs and the 3 additional timers. The total recording time equals 2.5s, and can be divided into variable time before start-up and variable time after start-up. The fault recording function can be started for: tstart end, trip, enabling of digital inputs and timers. The selection of starting parameters, graphic display and fault recorder reset can be made through a PC or a network. The function can even be reset by interrupting the auxiliary voltage for a short while. 4.18 Continuous trippinng circuits control The use of a digital input enabled by normal de-energizing combined with one of the additional TX timers allows for monitoring the circuit of the tripping coil for continuity, both when the breaker is open and closed.

The local interface is made up of: - An LCD display unit extending over two lines of sixteen characters each. Through a special keyboard-controlled scanning, the display unit enables the settings to be read and changed, the measurements, the counters, the logged events and the diagnostic information to be read. - A keyboard or keypad made up of six keys, five of which can even be reached when the cover is on by means of a special extension link. In addition to the above-mentioned scanning, the keyboard is also used to change the settings, to carry out tests that require commands to be sent and stored indications to be set to zero. The keys that can be reached when the cover is on only allow for read-out and reset operations. Key It scrolls the menu upwards or increases a value, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It scrolls the menu downwards or decreases a value, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It scrolls the menu to the right or selects the value to be changed, if the settings change function is enabled.[] pag. 13

Key

Key

MX3AMD3A
Key It scrolls the menu to the left or selects the value to be changed, if the settings change function is enabled. [] It resets the stored LED's indications if the cause has been removed, or the partial counters if you are in the "display counters" menu. It takes the end relays to quiescent state when they are set to bistable operation. If pressed for at least 2s, this key enables the settings to be changed. When the settings change is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking. If pressed once again for at least 2s, the system goes back to the normal running conditions and, provided that a confirmation is given, the new settings become the current ones (the key can only be reached by removing the cover). During the setting change operations, the device continues working with the old settings. If the changes made are confirmed in the presence of a fault, they are not made the current ones until the event is over: the interrupt state is signalled for 3s by a message on the display unit, after which you are prompted to confirm the changes made. If pressed upon feeding the device with auxiliary voltage until a failure message appears on the display, this key inhibits the device from operating. Keys If simultaneously pressed for at least 2s, these keys enable the protection to be tested. When the testing activity is enabled, the green LED (RUN) starts blinking. If simultaneously pressed for at least 2s during the TEST routine, these keys enable you to leave the protection testing mode.

MDE/D133 2136 001


- Twelve LED's, four of which are rigorously dedicated to general running functions. - A four-pin connector in compliance with FCC 68. By means of a special optoelectrical adapter, an optical fibre cable and a RS232 optical converter, it allows the device to be locally linked with a personal computer. The P.C., through a special interface programme, makes it possible to read and change settings, to read measurements, counters, logged events, diagnostic and fault recording information.

Key

Key

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MX3AMD3A
6. LCD MENU STRUCTURE 6.1 MAIN READING MENU The device displays a main menu that leads to several submenus (tree-structure). All the displayed screens are permanently possible . [IA [IB In] Present value of phase A current In] Present value of phase B current

MDE/D133 2136 001


c) By pressing or you scroll the stored languages menu. For the purpose of our example, we must stop when the following message is displayed: ENGLISH] [MENU: [ ] d) By pressing you confirm the selected dialogue language and go back to the main menu. The following message appears on the display: [MENU: ENGLISH] [ ] 6.1.2 Change date and time Access to "change date/time" is denied when the protection is network-connected. If the network connection is made after entering the change function, the local changes are not loaded. Let us assume we wish to change the starting date10/06/93 into 24/05/95. a) Press the key or until the display shows: [DATE 10/06/93] [TIME 09:38:43] b) By pressing the key the change function is enabled and the following message appears on the display: 10/06/93] [DATE [TIME 09:38:43] c) By pressing select the value to be changed. To select the last digit that makes up the date, press six times, the displays will show: [DATE 10/06/93] [TIME 09:38:43] d) By pressing , increase the selected value. Hold the key pressed until the display shows: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] e) By pressing , select the fourth digit that makes up the date, the display will show: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] f) By pressing , decrease the selected value until the display shows: [DATE 10/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43] g) By pressing twice further, select the second digit that makes up the date, and the display will show: [DATE 10/06/95] [TIME 09:38:43] h) By pressing , change the selected value (upon reaching number 9, the tens will go up by one unit) until the display shows: [DATE 24/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43] i) Press until you move to the beginning of the line. The display will show: [DATE 24/05/95] [TIME 9:38:43]

[MENU: [

ENGLISH] ]

[DATE [TIME

] ]

change dialogue language


present date and time change date and time display settings in use

Dialogue language


[ [ [ [


] ]

[SETTINGS IN USE:] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ] MEASUREMENTS

display main settings display spare settings


[ OUTPUT [

] display./reset present and ] stored meas. values ] ]

COUNTERS P=RESETTABLE

display counters and


partial counters reset

[ EVENTS [EVENT 1 = LAST

display display display display

RELAYS ] ]

stored events

output relays configuration

[ DIGITAL [

INPUT ] ]

digital inputs configuration

[ [ [ [ [ [

] ] ] ] ] ]

LED

LED configuration

RELAY DATA

display model - software display failures

release and alphanumeric code

DIAGNOSTIC

date of last change

All the following examples take their start from the main menu. 6.1.1 Change dialogue language The default language is ITALIAN. Here follows an example showing how to change the dialogue language. Suppose we wish to set ENGLISH as the desired language. a) Press the key or until the following message appears on the display: [MENU: ITALIANO] [ ] b) By pressing the key the language change function is enabled, and the following message appears on the display: [MENU: ITALIANO] [ ]

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MX3AMD3A
j) By pressing the "change time" function is enabled. The steps are the same as those described from c) to i). The device does not accept time or date settings that do not exist. The time counting starts upon moving from the digits that make up the time to the wording TIME at the beginning of the line. k) By pressing the changes made are confirmed and the system moves back to the main menu. The display will show: [DATE 24/05/95] [TIME 09:38:43] 6.1.3 Display settings in use a) Press or until the display shows, for instance: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN] The second line will indicate the group of settings the device is using at present. Any <!> possibly displayed, notwithstanding the contents of the second line, indicates the device is working with the SPARE settings. [SETTINGS IN USE:] MAIN] [ <!> The device will continue working with the SPARE settings as long as the "change settings" command sent by the IN DIG1 digital input remains enabled. When the <!> characters disappear, the device restarts working with the displayed group of settings. 6.1.4 Display main settings a) Press or until the display shows: [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] b) By pressing , the main settings display sub-menu shows up; by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: rated frequency rated phase voltage rated phase current first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I> tripping delay characteristic definite time inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier I> threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I>> tripping delay Third threshold I>>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I>>> tripping delay I>>>*2 third threshold doubling time fn Un In I> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) type0) t11) K(t1)2) I>>I>>>BLOC I>2) I>> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) t2 I>>> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) t3 t(*2) breaker opening failure time min. end relay pulse width additional timer additional timer additional timer primary rated current of phase CT primary rated current of ground CT VT's primary rated voltage breaker arc time

MDE/D133 2136 001


t_BF t_IMP t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 In TA Ion TA Un TV t_52

0 ) DEFINITE or dependent time: CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : INDEPEND type 2 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type. 3 ) parameter present with directional threshold

c) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings menu: [SETTINGS READING] [MAIN ] 6.1.5 Display spare settings a) Press the key or until the display shows: [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ] b) By pressing the key you enter the spare settings display menu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I> tripping delay characteristic definite time inverse time as per IEC 255, multiplier I> threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I>> tripping delay Third threshold I>>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle I>>> tripping delay I>>>*2 third threshold doubling time I> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) type0) t11) K(t1)2) I>>I>>>BLOC I>2) I>> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) t2 I>>> tstart DIRECT/NON-DIR. I^U3) t3 t(*2)

) DEFINITE or dependent time: CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : INDEPEND type 2 ) parameter present with threshold I> tripping delay characteristic of : CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type. 3 ) parameter present with directional threshold Those parameters that are not listed in the SPARE menu take the same values as those listed in the MAIN settings menu.

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MX3AMD3A
c) By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [SETTINGS READING] [SPARE ] 6.1.6 Display current and stored measurement values a) Press the or key until the display shows: [ MEASUREMENTS ] [ ] b) By pressing you enter the measurement display submenu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled: current value of IA current in multiples of In current value of IB current in multiples of In current value of IB current in multiples of In current value of UA voltage in multiples of Un current value of UB voltage in multiples of Un current value of UB voltage in multiples of Un phase-displacement angle phase-displacement angle phase-displacement angle current value of IA primary current in Ampere current value of IB primary current in Ampere current value of IC primary current in Ampere current value of UA primary voltage in Volt current value of UB primary voltage in Volt current value of UC primary voltage in Volt max. value of IA current in multiples of In max. value of IB current in multiples of In max. value of IC current in multiples of In max. value of UA voltage in multiples of Un max. value of UB voltage in multiples of Un max. value of UC voltage in multiples of Un wear index of breaker pole for IA current wear index of breaker pole for IB current wear index of breaker pole for IC current IA IB IC UA UB UC IA^UA IB^UB IC^UC IA' IB' IC' UA' UB' UC' IA MAX IB MAX IC MAX UA UB UC A B C

MDE/D133 2136 001


total operations of breaker failure threshold partial operations of breaker failure threshold BF T BF P

c) By pressing the RESET key you can reset the partial counter being displayed. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ COUNTERS ] [ P=RESETTABLE ]

6.1.8 Display events a) Press or until the display shows: [ EVENTS ] [EVENT 1 = LAST] b) By pressing you enter the sub-menu where the eight events to be stored can be selected. The display shows: [EVENT 1 DD/MM/YY ] [ hh:mm:ss.xxx ] the first line displays the event number, the day, the month and the year, whereas the second line lists the time, the minutes, the seconds and milliseconds concerning the event. c) By pressing the key or , select the event to be displayed. Once the selection is made, press ; thus, you enter the event display sub-menu, and by pressing or the following submenu is scrolled: operated threshold TRIP IA current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IA_G IB current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IB_G IC current value in multiples of In when the tripping occurred IC_G UA voltage value in multiples of Un when the tripping occurred UA_G UB voltage value in multiples of Un when the tripping occurred UB_G UC voltage value in multiples of Un when the tripping occurred UC_G value of phase displacement between IA current and UA voltage at the time of the tripping event IA^UA_G value of phase displacement between IB current and UB voltage at the time of the tripping event IB^UB_G value of phase displacement between IC current and UC voltage at the time of the tripping event IC^UC_G d) By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to event display sub-menu; to display other events go through step c) again. By pressing anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main reading menu: [ EVENTS ] [EVENT 1 = LAST] 6.1.9 Display output relay a) Press or until the display shows: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ]

c) By pressing the RESET key you can delete the maximum stored values displayed. The wear indexes can only be reset by acting through PC or via field-bus. d) By pressing the key ,anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main reading menu: [ MEASUREMENTS ] [ ] 6.1.7 Display counters a) Press or until the display shows: [ COUNTERS ] [ P=RESETTABLE ] b) By pressing you enter the counter display sub-menu, and by pressing or the following sub-menu is scrolled:

total operations of first phase threshold partial operations of first phase threshold total operations of second phase threshold partial operations of second phase threshold total operations of third phase threshold partial operations of third phase threshold

I> T I> P I>> T I>> P I>>> T I>>> P

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MX3AMD3A
b)By pressing you enter the sub-menu that displays the allocation of the auxiliary output relays. The display shows: [I> START] [REL X..3.5] the first line displays the function that is associated with the relay or relays listed in the second line. By pressing the keys or the sub-menu is scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the output relays are: delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed starting of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3 c) By pressing the key back to the main reading [ [

MDE/D133 2136 001


anywhere in the sub-menu, you go menu: DIGITAL ] INPUTS ]

6.1.11 Display LED's a) Press the key or until the following message appears on the display: [ LED ] [ ] b) By pressing the key you enter the sub-menu that displays the allocation of LED's. The following messages will be displayed: [I> START] [LED L..3..6.8] the first line displays the function that is associated with the LED's listed in the second line. By pressing or the sub-menu is vertically scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the LED's are: delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed starting of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping tripping for IA current (LED L1 must be used) tripping for IB current (LED L2 must be used) tripping for IBcurrent (LED L3 must be used) breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP IA TRIP IB TRIP IC TRIP BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3

It is furthermore possible to display the output relays that bear the following settings: minimum pulse width t_IMP bistable operation MEMOR The variable NORMAL.ON indicates whether all all the output relays are pre-set to be normally energized or not. c) By pressing the key anywher in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] 6.1.10 Display digital inputs a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ DIGITAL ] [ INPUTS ] b) By pressing the key you enter the sub-menu that lists the allocation of digital inputs. The following message will appear on the display unit: [BLOC. I> ] [IN DIG .2.] the first line indicates the function that is associated with the digital inputs listed in the second line. By pressing the keys or the sub-menu is scrolled. The functions that can be associated with the inputs are: first phase threshold tripping lock second phase threshold tripping lock third phase threshold tripping lock tX1 timer starting tX2 timer starting tX3 timer starting switching to spare settings LED's and output relay reset BLOC. I> BLOC. I>> BLOC. I>>> t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 SETTINGS SWITCH RESET

It is furthermore possible to display those LEDs that bear the following setting: bistable operation MEMOR c) By pressing the key any where in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ LED ] [ ] 6.1.12 Display relay information a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] b) By pressing the key you enter a sub-menu where the protection model and the software release are displayed: [MX3AMD3A ] [Soft Rel. 001.00] c) By pressing the key once again, the second line will display the alphanumeric identification code that the user gave to the device, for instance: [PLANT IDENTIFIER] [ CELL No. 17bis ]

The system can even display the digital inputs that are set to be enabled by normal energizing () or de-energizing ()

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MX3AMD3A
d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main reading menu: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] 6.1.13 Diagnostic display 1) fault location a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [ DIAGNOSTIC ] [ ] In the presence of VITAL FAULTS, the device automatically displays the window, without needing to enter the diagnostic menu. b) By pressing the key you enter a sub-menu that displays the operating state of the relay. The display will show: [ LAST SETTING ] [DD/MM/YY hh:mm] the second line displays the day, the month, the year, the time and the minutes of the time when last change was made to the settings. c) By pressing the key once again, if the device has not detected any failure, the following message will be displayed: [RUNNING ] [................] If NON-VITAL FAULTS are detected, the following message will be displayed: [FAULT ] [ABCDE.....KL ] whereas, if VITAL FAULTS are detected, the <!> characters will be displayed, too: [FAULT <!>] [.....FGHIJ... ] The second line contains one or more fault identification codes. The following table provides the fault codes and the corresponding fault description: Code fault description A X1 relay coil interrupted or related driver B X2 relay coil interrupted or related driver C X3 relay coil interrupted or related driver D X4 relay coil interrupted or related driver E X5 relay coil interrupted or related driver F internal feeder failure G EEPROM failure H internal RAM failure I external RAM failure J analogue to digital converter K comunication board failure or board enabled but not configured L internal clock failure If the S6 jumper (see fig.2) that enables the communication board is connected when the board is not present, the K code appears, as if a failure were detected.

MDE/D133 2136 001


d) As far as the NON-VITAL FAULTS are concerned, by pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu you go back to the main reading menu: [ DIAGNOSTIC ] [ ] whereas, as far as the VITAL FAULTS are concerned, you can only leave the diagnostic sub-menu,if applicable for the device, by entering the "settings change" menu. 2) inhibited device The condition of "inhibited device" and eventually also "deconfigured" is displayed as follows: [FAULT <!>] [.............P ] This condition can only be reset by entering the 'change settings "menu (it is however necessary to confirm when you are prompted to SAVE CHANGES, although no setting was changed). Warning: even the simple viewing of the set parameters must take place in the "settings change" menu, since upon leaving this condition, the device will be started again. If during inibition the device had also deconfigured, on setting it at work again, the K fault message will be displayed until a new configuration is loaded (see 4.14). 6.2 MAIN SETTINGS CHANGE MENU By pressing the key anywhere in the display menus for at least 2s, the main settings change menu is entered. Thence, several sub-menus can be entered (tree-structure). When the settings change function is enabled, the green LED (RUN) lights up blinking. If the settings change menu is already accessed through a PC or the network, all local changea are inhibited, and the following message will be displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE ] [ NOT AVAILABLE ] The access priority to the settings change function for PC, network and keyboard is time-dependent. During the settings change operations, the device continues working with the old settings. All the displayed messages can be made permanent. [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN] present settings selection of present settings group change main settings change spare settings


[ OUTPUT [

[SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ]

RELAYS ] output relays ] configuration

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MX3AMD3A
[ DIGITAL INPUTS ] digital inputs [ ] configuration

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c) By pressing or , the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] SPARE] [ d) By pressing the key the new selection is confirmed, and the system goes back to the main settings change menu. The following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ SPARE] 6.2.2 Change main settings group a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the main settings change sub-menu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.3, except for In and Ion, which can only be changed in hardware mode, as detailed in 2.1. c) By pressing the keys or , you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . d) By repeatedly pressing the key anywhere in the submenu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [SETTING IN USE:] [MAIN ] Example of setting Suppose we must enable and set the overcurrent threshold I>>> to 10.15 starting from the initial setting of 9.90, OFF. Go through steps a) and b) Press the key or until the threshold to be changed is selected on the display: OFF] [I>>> [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , you can start changing the selected setting of I>>>. The following message will be displayed: OFF] [I>>> [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key or , I>>> turns to ON and the following message will be displayed: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line. Thus, by pressing the key , you can move to the second line. By pressing the key ,you can select the digit you wish to change. In our example, by pressing the key four times, the display will show: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.90 In] By pressing the key , the selected digit is increased until the desired value is reached. In our example: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.95 In]

[ [ [ [

LED

] LED configuration ] ] setting ] alphanumeric code permanent display back-lighting (LCD)

RELAY DATA

[ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN]

By pressing the key anywhere in the changing menus for at least 2 seconds, you go back to the main display menu, but you are first prompted to confirm or discard the changes made: [NEW SET.CONFIRM?] [< NO YES >] By pressing all the changes made are discarded, whereas by pressing the changes made are confirmed. The green LED (RUN) stops blinking and becomes permanent. If, upon confirming the changes, a fault is detected, or, as regards software releases earlier than 1.51, a digital input associated with a timer turns out to be enabled, the settings are not accepted as long as the fault event persists (fault or enabling). This state is signalled for 3s by the following message: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [DELAYED ] once the event is over, you are prompted to confirm the changes made again. If, as regards software releases earlier than 1.51, the acquisition is suspended due to the enabling of a digital input, which cannot be disabled at that given time, and you need to change the settings, first inhibit the device, then enter the changes (see paragraphs 4.14 and 6.1.13). Note: the "settings change" function can even be implemented when the device is "forced" to use the SPARE SETTINGS. In such a case, the system only interrupts the selection of SETTINGS IN USE: MAIN until the external forcing signal disappears. If a setting is changed when the system is "forced" from the outside, the following message is displayed: [ SPARE SETTINGS ] [FROM EXT.CONTROL] All the following examples take their start from the main settings change menu. 6.2.1 Select current settings group a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN ] b) After pressing the key , the current settings can start being changed. The following message is displayed: [SETTINGS IN USE:] [ MAIN]

pag. 20

MX3AMD3A
Now, by pressing , reach the third digit, the display will show: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 09.95 In] By pressing the key , change the value (upon reaching number 9, the units will be incremented by one unit) until the display shows: [I>>> ON ] [I>>> 10.15 In] By pressing the key the cursor moves to the beginning of the line and the main settings change menu is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [MAIN ] 6.2.3 Change spare settings a) Press the key or until the following message is displayed: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the spare settings change sub-menu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.5. c) By pressing the keys or ,you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . The settings change procedure mirrors that described in the example applying to the main settings. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [SETTINGS CHANGE] [SPARE ] 6.2.4 Set output relay a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the output relay setting submenu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.9, except for NORMAL ON (which can only be set as indicated in 4.2). c) By pressing the keys or ,you can vertically scroll the submenu, and by pressing the key you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the keys or . d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [ OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] Example of allocation Assume we must allocate the tripping of the overcurrent threshold I> to the output relays X5 starting from I> trip associated to X2 Go through the steps a) and b)

MDE/D133 2136 001


Press the key or until the display shows: [I> TRIP] X.2...] [REL Each position after the letter X corresponds to an output relay. More relays can be associated with one function. By pressing the key , move close to the relay that you wish to associate with the function.. In our example, press the key five times. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2...] By pressing or , associate the selected relay X5 to the function. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2..5] By pressing the key , select the second relay. The display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X.2..5] By pressing the key or , the selected relay is dissociated, and the display will show: [I> TRIP] [REL X....5] By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line, and the system goes back to the main settings change menu: [OUTPUT RELAYS ] [ ] 6.2.5 Set digital inputs a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ DIGITAL INPUTS ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you enter the digital input setting submenu, which contains all the parameters already listed in 6.1.10. c) By pressing the key or the sub-menu is vertically scrolled, and by pressing the key , you can start changing the selected parameter. The change can be made by pressing the key or . The setting procedure mirrors that described in the output relay setting example. To switch from the main settings to the spare settings, the digital input number 1 (IN DIG 1) must be used SETTINGS SWITCH To reset the LED's and the auxiliary relays, the digital input number 3 (IN DIG 3) must be used. RESET(LED+Xmem) d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu, you go back to the main settings change menu: [ DIGITAL INPUTS ] [ ]

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MX3AMD3A
6.2.6 LED Settings a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ LED ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , the LED setting sub-menu, which contains the parameters already listed in 6.1.10., is entered. c) By pressing the key or , the sub-menu is vertically scrolled, and by pressing the key , you can start changing the displayed parameter. The change can be made by pressing the key or . The setting procedure mirrors that described in the output relay setting example. d) By pressing the key anywhere in the sub-menu , you go back to the main changing menu: [ LED ] [ ] 6.2.7 Set alphanumeric code a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] b) By pressing the key , you can change/set an alphanumeric code that identifies the device. The display will show, for instance: [PLANT IDENTIFIER] [CELL N. 17bis ] c) By further pressing the key you select the character(s) to be changed, and by pressing or all the capital and small letters of the alphabet, all the numbers and some special characters, among which the blank space, are vertically scrolled. d) By pressing the key , the cursor moves back to the beginning of the line (no character selected), and by further pressing the key , you go back to the main settings change menu: [ RELAY DATA ] [ ] 6.2.8 LCD back-lighting a) Press the key or until the display shows: [ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN] b) By pressing the key , you can set the LCD back-lighting to permanent (OFF) or timed (ON). Let us assume the display shows: ON ] [ [ ] c) By pressing the keys or , the current setting can be changed to: [ [ OFF] ] 6.3 TEST MENU By pressing the keys

MDE/D133 2136 001

for at least 2s

anywhere in the main display menus, the TEST function, which is highlighted by the blinking of the green LED (RUN), is enabled. [TEST [ LED] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X1] YES >]

TEST LED's L1-L8 and display TEST relay X1 TEST relay X2 TEST relay X3 TEST relay X4

[TEST [

RELAY X2] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X3] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X4] YES >]

[TEST [

RELAY X5] YES >] TEST relay X5

The test to be carried out on the auxiliary relay X.. makes the latter trip, so that the associated command and/or signal can be sent. That is why, before running it, the systems prompts you to further confirm its execution: [ ARE YOU SURE ? ] [< NO YES >] If, upon confirming the execution, some starting or tripping signals are already present, or a digital input associated with a timer proves to be enabled, the test is not performed, and this condition is signalled by the following message: [TEST ] [NOT AVAILABLE ] The LED and display test makes these units light up for two seconds. Therefore, it can be run at any time during operation By pressing the two keys for two

seconds anywhere in the test menu, the TEST function is disabled. The green LED (RUN) stops blinking, and the system goes back to the main reading menu.

d) By pressing the key , you go back to the main changing menu: [ LCD ] [AUTOMATIC RETURN]

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MX3AMD3A
7. APPLICATION AND USE This rich and versatile device is suitable for the directional protection of over-head cable and machine lines from phasephase faults. 8. INSTALLATION - TRANSPORT 8.1 ESD Electrostatic charges

MDE/D133 2136 001

The device uses electronic components that are sensitive to electrostatic charges, which can lay with any individual. Therefore, the operator who happens to handle the moving part of the equipment and come in contact with the electronic circuits, must take preventive measures to avoid damaging the relay: - before removing the movable part, the operator must reach the same potention as the unit by touching the housing. - avoid touching electronic components, the printed circuit board and connectors. Handle it from the outer housing. - lay the device on surfaces that are antistatic or feature the same potential as the operator's. - the relay must only be stored and transported provided that it is wrapped in its dedicated antistatic bag. As far as the following action is possible and reasonable, do not pull out the moving part from the casing to avoid causing mechanical and electrostatic damages to the protection. 8.2 Acceptance - storage Although protective relays are generally of robust construction, they require a careful treatment prior to installation on site, since they must be carefully packed and unpacked, without applying any force and using suitable tools. Once supplied, the relays must be thoroughly inspected to ensure that they have not undergone shipping damages. If the relays are not immediately installed upon reception, they must be stored in places free from dust and moisture, in their original packing. Storage temperature: -25C + 80C. 8.3 Assembling and connection - Remove the protective cover until the four fastening holes become visible. - Place the equipment into the hole of the panel-board and secure it by fastening the four screws (see fig. 6) - Connect the ground screw of the equipment to the panel's grounding system throught a cable of suitable gauge (>4mm2) and shortest length (<1m). - Perform the wiring using the screw or faston couplings of the interface terminal boards. In faston wiring, the IP20 casing of the terminal board shall be located before connecting the faston coupling to the relay. In screw wiring, the side wings of the IP20 casing matching the wired terminals shall be removed or folded in. Any assembling and connection work shall be carried out to the best workmanship.

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MX3AMD3A
9. SETTING THE UNIT AT WORK The relay is supplied with factory settings and configurations as indicated in tables A, B and C (factory settings). These settings can not to be consistent with the specific system where the unit is to be placed. Therefore, the relay settings must be changed in compliance with the tables D, E and F for customer's use, which must be used as a support to develop a customized setting scheme. 9.1 Safety regulations During the equipment tests and the start-up, the general safety regulations applicable to electrical systems must be complied with. Failure to comply with these regulations might cause harm to the working staff and damage to property. All the inspections and tests must only be carried out by specially trained personnel.. 9.2 Checking nameplate ratings Inquire whether the equipment ratings are consistent with those of the system, namely: - auxiliary voltage - the rated phase and ground currents; this check must be performed by checking the position of the jumpers located on the boards (see figures. 4a, 4b). - the setting of the output relays (if normally energized or normally de-energized); this check must be performed by checking the position of the jumper located on the card (see figures 4c, 4d). - the presence of the special S6 jumper, see figure 2, if the communication card is supplied and if the network is present.

MDE/D133 2136 001


As regards the directional thresholds, watch the phase relationship between test current and voltage. It is however advisable to perform the following tests: Feeder Test - Check that the burden of the auxiliary voltage circuit falls within the 5 to 10W range as far as the d.c. supply is concerned, and within the 10 to 20VA range as far as the a.c. supply is concerned. The feeder is protected by a special 5x20 2 A rapid fuse, class IEC127/II, as regards the unit with 19-100Vcc (or 1972Vca) auxiliary voltage, and a 1A fuse as regards the unit with 64-300Vcc (or 64-275Vca) auxiliary voltage. Checking connections - Inject a current signal into the line CT's and check the consistency with the information displayed in the MEASUREMENT menu. - Check that the voltage signal is correct in the MEASUREMENT menu. - Test each output relay as indicated in the TEST MENU paragraph, and simultaneously test the corresponding external circuit. - Check that the wiring of the digital inputs corresponds to the arrangement provided on the design diagrams. Checking tripping direction for directional phase thresholds The tripping direction of directional thresholds relies on: - the CT's and VT's polarities - the voltage signals UA, UB and UC, which must be correctly correlated with the current signals IA , IB and IC. - the set characteristic angle Therefore, it is almost impossible to define the tripping direction without knowing these parameters beforehand. This paragraph aims at checking the correct match between the on-site relay insertion and the insertion diagram given in figure 5: this is the only condition allowing for a correct and univocal definition of the protection's tripping direction, given a set characteristic angle. Selecting the phases to be protected entails limited reference voltages to be used: they correspond to the interlinked voltages which do not affect the protected phase, namely, voltage EL2-L3 for hase current IL1, voltage EL3-L1 for phase current I L2 and voltage E L1-L2 for phase current IL3,; hence, a correct match between insertion of the protection and the diagram in figure 5 relies on checking, in the MEASUREMENT menu, the phase-displacements betweeni current and voltage signals. With the load current in the same direction as the line, by calling (lagging current positive) the phase-displacement of this current as to its star voltage, the following relations must be fulfilled: IA^UA=(90 - ) IB^UB=(90 - ) IC^UC=(90 - ) - When the protection is inserted as shown in figure 5, the protection trips in the line direction by setting the characteristic angles within the 0 and + 180 range.

I CAUTION
hazardous voltages can remain in the unit even in the absence of power supply, or after it has been pulled out of its casing (capacitor storage) 9.3 Final inspection Feed the unit with auxiliary voltage. On starting the device after a long time of power failure, the device can show an 'L' (internal clock) type fault, a NOT VITAL fault which does not compromise the remaining functions. By updating DATE and TIME, the normal working conditions are reinstated. If the system is running and the relay settings are unknown, the unit must be inhibited from operating before feeding it with voltage by pressing the "change settings" key (see 4.14 and 6.1.13 clause 2) to avoid troubles. Select the rated frequency of the system, the rated phase voltage and the phase CT's primary current. Load the settings and configure the relays, the LED's and the digital inputs as per the design diagrams. Since the unit is equipped with a self-monitoring system, all hardware and software failures possibly occurring are automatically detected; this makes it useless to test the thresholds for accuracy, which can however be tested by making reference to the stated tolerances and, as far as time values are concerned, to the formulas given in 3.1

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MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001


To complete the start-up stage, before setting the system at work, ensure that: - the device settings match the design settings. Specially ensure that the set characteristic angle matches the protection insertion diagram and the desired tripping direction. - the device bears the correct plant-identifying alphanumeric code. - all the device memories (LED's, maximum values, partial counters and wear index) are reset. - the green Uaux and RUN LED's are lit up with permanent light; in the event of network connection, the green RxTx LED must be lit up, too. - the explanatory labels of the LED's and the general characteristics of the device bear the correct information. You can leave the relay with the display unit showing any of the windows of the main reading menus.

Ensure that the characteristic angle indicated in the gauging schedule matches the diagram made to have the protection trip in the desired direction. If the current thresholds are exceed and the values are in the operating range, see paragrapho 3.1, the protection can trip during the test. If the relay has not worked correctly or shows VITAL failures, it must be put out of order and sent back to the factory for repair or recalibration. The presence of a NON-VITAL failure does not cause an illtimed operation, but demands an analysis of the fault type to assess its importance (for instance, a failing end relay should be replaced with another end relay that is not currently being used or, else, whose function is not strictly required). The possibility of exchanging the relays makes it possible to maintain the protection scheme working during repairs, so that any faulty relay can be replaced with a new one of the same type.

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MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

CURVE A t [s]
10000

1000

100

K 30 15 8

10

4 2 1

0.5 0.25 0.15 0.08

0.1

0.04

0.01

0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3a

0.14 x K t= ( I / I> )0.02 - 1


The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In

+ 0.02

pag. 26

MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

CURVE B t [s]
10000

1000

100

K 30 10 15 8 4 1 2 1 0.5 0.25 0.1 0.15 0.08 0.04 0.01

0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3b

13.5 x K t= ( I / I> )1 - 1
The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In

+ 0.02

pag. 27

MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

CURVE C t [s]
10000

1000

100

10 K 30 15 1 8 4 2 1 0.1 0.5 0.25 0.15 0.08 0.04 0.01 0.01 1 10 100

I/I>

fig. 3c

80 x K t= ( I / I> )2 - 1
The characteristic is valid within the measurement range: 0 50 In

+ 0.02

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MX3AMD3A
RATED PHASE CURRENT In: 1A Position of jumpers n S3,S7,S8,S9
TOP VIEW

MDE/D133 2136 001


RATED PHASE CURRENT In: 5A Position of jumpers n S3,S7,S8, S9
TOP VIEW

RELAY FRONT

RELAY FRONT

fig. 4a

fig. 4b

RELAYS NORMALLY DE-ENERGIZED Position of jumper n S1


TOP VIEW

RELAYS NORMALLY ENERGIZED Position of jumper n S1


TOP VIEW

RELAY FRONT

RELAY FRONT

fig. 4c

fig. 4d

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MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

fig. 5

pag. 30

MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

OVERALL DIMENSIONS

The casing can also be panelmounted on a 19" rack type R4MX3 4U in height

DRILLING TEMPLATE

TERMINALS

fig. 6 pag. 31

MX3AMD3A
CAUTION:

MDE/D133 2136 001

Factory settings can prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew upon installation.

tab. A - FACTORY SETTINGS


RELAY 1 2 3 4 5 X X X X X X X / / / / / / / / / / / / X / / / X CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed start. of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping tripping for current IA tripping for current IB tripping for current IC breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed minimum pulse width bistable operation LEDS 1 2 3 4 5 6 X X X X X X / / X / / / / X / / / / / / / / / X / / / / / /

FUNCTION I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP IA TRIP IB TRIP IC TRIP BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3 t_IMP MEMOR

7 8

/ / / X X X

/ / / X X X

end relays normally de-energized

/ not to be allocated X allocated

tab. B - FACTORY SETTINGS


CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION input enabled by normal de-energizing first phase threshold tripping lock second phase threshold tripping lock third phase threshold tripping lock tX1 timer starting tX2 timer starting tX3 timer starting switching to spare settings LED's and output relays reset FUNCTION BLOC. I> BLOC. I>> BLOC. I>>> t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 SETTINGS SWITCH RESET (LED+Xmem) DIGITAL INPUTS 1 2 3

/ /

/ X

/ not to be allocated X allocated

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MX3AMD3A
CAUTION:

MDE/D133 2136 001

Factory settings can prove not to suit the plant. Therefore, the device must be configured anew upon installation.

tab. C - FACTORY SETTINGS


TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION rated frequency rated phase voltage rated phase current phase CT's primary rated current VT's primary rated voltage first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay direction/non-directional threshold characteristic angle 3) I> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier I> 2) threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay
2)

FUNCTION ON fn Un In In TA Un TV I> tstart


DIR./NON-DIR

MAIN OFF VALUE 50 Hz 100 V 5A 100 A 10000 V X 1.5 In 0s DIRECT. + 60 INDEPEN 1s 4 X X 5 In 0s DIRECT. + 30 0.5 s 15 In 0s DIRECT. + 30 0.02 s 0.3 s 0.15 s 0.1 s 1s 5s 10 s 0.03 s TRIP 2s X X ON / / / / / X

SPARE OFF / / / / / VALUE / / / / / 1.5 In 0s DIR. + 60 INDEPEN 1s 4 5 In 0s DIR. +30 0.5 s 15 In 0s DIR. +30 0.02 s / / / / / / / / /

I^U type t1 K(t1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

I>> tstart
DIR./NON-DIR

directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle 3) I>> tripping delay third phase threshold I>>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle 3) I>>> tripping delay I>>> third threshold doubling time breaker opening failure time minimum pulse width of end relays additional timer additional timer additional timer breaker arcing time fault recorder trigger fault recorder pre-trigger time

I^U t2 I>>> tstart


DIR./NON-DIR

I^U t3 t (*2) t_BF t_imp t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 t_52

X X

/ / / / / / / / /

/ / / / / / / / /

settings in use: MAIN

timed LCD back-lighting: OFF

/ not to be allocated: the same values as MAIN settings apply

0 ) INDEPENdent (definite) or dependent time:CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter enabled with I> threshold tripping delay characteristic of INDEPEN type

2 ) parameter enabled with I>threshold tripping delay characteristic of CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type 3 )parameter present with directional threshold

pag. 33

MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

tab. D
RELE 1 2 3 4 5 CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION delayed starting of first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping delayed start. of second phase threshold second phase threshold tripping delayed starting of third phase threshold third phase threshold tripping tripping for IA current tripping for IB current tripping for IC current breaker opening failure tripping tX1 timer overtime tX2 timer overtime tX3 timer overtime first digital input fed second digital input fed third digital input fed minimum pulse width bistable operation LEDS 2 3 4 5 6 7

FUNCTION I> START I> TRIP I>> START I>> TRIP I>>> START I>>> TRIP IA TRIP IB TRIP IC TRIP BF TRIP t_X1 TRIP t_X2 TRIP t_X3 TRIP IN DIG 1 IN DIG 2 IN DIG 3 t_IMP MEMOR

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / / /

/ /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

/ / /

end relays normally de-energized end relays normally energized

not to be allocated

tab. E
CONTROL MATRIX DESCRIPTION input enabled by nomral de-energizing first phase threshold tripping lock second phase threshold tripping lock third phase threshold tripping lock starting of timer tX1 starting of timer tX2 starting of timer tX3 switching to spare settings LED's and output relays reset FUNCTION BLOC. I> BLOC. I>> BLOC. I>>> t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 SETTINGS SWITCH RESET (LED+Xmem) / DIGITAL INPUTS 1 2 3

/ /

not to be allocated

pag. 34

MX3AMD3A

MDE/D133 2136 001

tab. F
TABLE OF SETTINGS DESCRIPTION rated frequency rated phase voltage rated phase current phase CT's primary rated current CT's primary rated voltage first phase threshold I> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle scatto I> 0) tripping delay characteristic definite time 1) inverse time (IEC 255), multiplier 2) I> 2) threshold tripping interrupt second phase threshold I>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle3) I>> tripping delay third phase threshold I>>> starting signalling delay directional/non-directional threshold characteristic angle3) I>>> tripping delay I>>> third threshold doubling time breaker opening failure time minimum pulse width of end relays additional timer additional timer additional timer breaker arcing time fault recorder trigger fault recorder pre-trigger time
3)

FUNCTION ON fn Un In In TA Un TV I> tstart


DIR./NON-DIR

MAIN OFF VALUE ON / / / / /

SPARE OFF / / / / / VALUE / / / / /

I^U type t1 K(t1)


I>>I>>> BLOCI>

I>> tstart
DIR./NON-DIR

I^U t2 I>>> tstart


DIR./NON-DIR

I^U t3 t (*2) t_BF t_imp t_X1 t_X2 t_X3 t_52 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /

settings in use: MAIN setting in use: SPARE

timed LCD back-lighting: ON timed LCD back-lighting: OFF

/ not to be allocated: the same values as the MAIN settings apply

0 ) INDEPENdent (definite) or dependent time: CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C 1 ) parameter enabled with I> threshold tripping delay characteristic of INDEPEN type

2 ) parameter enabled I> threshold tripping delay characteristic of CURVE A or CURVE B or CURVE C type 3 )parameter present with directional threshold

pag. 35

MX3AMD3A
APPENDIX A - Network data exchange

MDE/D133 2136 001

VARIABLE DESCRIPTION Identification trade name alphanumeric code rated phase current Setting Data (main and spare) settings in use date of last change time of last change current language rated frequency rated phase voltage LCD setting pulse width of end relays breaker arcing time timer t_X1 time timer t_X2 time timer t_X3 time first phase threshold included/excluded first phase threshold value first phase threshold starting delay directional/non-directional first phase threshold first phase threshold characteristic angle tripping delay characteristic type for first phase threshold tempo t1 (o K) per first phase threshold first phase threshold tripping interrupt included/excluded second phase threshold included/excluded second phase threshold value second phase threshold starting delay directional/non-directional second phase threshold second phase threshold characteristic angle second phase threshold tripping delay third phase threshold included/excluded third phase threshold value third phase threshold starting delay directional/non-directional third phase threshold third phase threshold characteristic angle third phase threshold tripping delay power-on detection (third threshold doubling) incl./excl. threshold doubling time value breaker failure threshold included/excluded breaker failure tripping time Present measurements IA current IB current IC current UA voltage UB voltage UC voltage phase-displacement between IA current and UA voltage phase-displacement between IB current and UB voltage phase-displacement between IC current and UC voltage phase CT's primary rated current VT's primary rated voltage Maximum measurements max. IA current max. IB current max. IC current max. UA voltage max. UB voltage max. UC voltage

DIRECTION

TIMING

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre

T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR T and AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre centre centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR

pag. 36

MX3AMD3A
VARIABLE DESCRIPTION phase CT's primary rated current ground CT's primary rated current Wear index IA wear index IB wear index IC wear index RCE - Event Logging event date / time first phase threshold starting first phase threshold tripping second phase threshold starting second phase threshold tripping third phase threshold starting third phase threshold tripping breaker failure starting breaker failure tripping state of digital input 1 state of digital input 2 state of digital input 3 state of timer tX_1 state of timer tX_2 state of timer tX_3 States first phase threshold tripping second phase threshold tripping third phase threshold tripping breaker failure tripping state of digital input 1 state of digital input 2 state of digital input 3 state of timer tX_1 state of timer tX_2 state of timer tX_3 Locks first phase threshold lock second phase threshold lock third phase threshold lock Interlocks and intertripping phase interlock breaker failure interlock Counters total tripping events of first phase threshold partial tripping events of first phase threshold total tripping events of second phase threshold partial tripping events of second phase threshold total tripping events of third phase threshold partial tripping events of third phase threshold total tripping events of breaker failure threshold partial tripping events of breaker failure threshold Events date time tripped threshold IA fault current value IB fault current value IC fault current value UA fault voltage value UB fault voltage value UC fault voltage value DIRECTION relay--> centre relay--> centre

MDE/D133 2136 001


TIMING AR AR

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre

VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR VP and AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre

AV AV AV AV AV AV AV AV AV AV

(a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.) (a.p.)

centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay

AV AV AV

other relays--> relay--> other relays other relays--> relay--> other relays

AV (a.p.) AV (a.p.)

relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre centre

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR pag. 37

MX3AMD3A
VARIABLE DESCRIPTION DIRECTION

MDE/D133 2136 001


TIMING AR AR AR

phase-displacement between IA fault current and UA fault voltage relay--> centre phase-displacement between IB fault current and UB fault voltage relay--> centre phase-displacement between IC fault current and UC fault voltage relay--> centre Output relays X1 setting X2 setting X3 setting X4 setting X5 setting LED's L1 setting L2 setting L3 setting L4 setting L5 setting L6 setting L7 setting L8 setting Digital inputs input 1 setting input 1 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 2 setting input 2 setting activ HIGH/LOW input 3 setting input 3 setting activ HIGH/LOW Diagnostic Reset LED relay resettable counters maximum measurements wear index Commands output relay enable settings switch settings switch alive time Fault recorder fault recorder fault recorder fault recorder fault recorder fault recorder Clock date time date time

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre-->

relay relay relay relay relay

AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre-->

relay relay relay relay relay relay relay relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR

relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay--> relay-->

centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre-->

relay relay relay relay relay relay

AR AR AR AR AR AR AV

relay--> centre

centre--> centre--> centre--> centre--> centre-->

relay relay relay relay relay

AR AR AR AR AR

centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay

AV and AR AV AR

starting parameters pre-trigger time trigger command resetting command data

relay--> centre--> relay relay--> centre--> relay centre--> relay centre--> relay relay--> centre

AR AR AR AR AR

centre--> relay centre--> relay relay--> centre relay--> centre

S S AR AR

LEGEND AR aperiodic message AV (a.p.) aperiodic variable sent on high-priority variation AV aperiodic variable sent on variation VP variable on request T periodic variable with periods ranging from 1 to 5 s S sincronization

pag. 38

ALSTOM T&D Protection & Cntrole is bound by the foregoing specifications, dimensions and diagrams only after confirmation.

ABCD
ALSTOM FIR S.p.a. - via Viscardi, 5 - 24016 SAN PELLEGRINO T. - BG - ITALIA Tel. ++39 0345 28111 - Fax ++39 0345 22590 - Telex 301152 FIR I - E-mail: alstom.fir@tde.alstom.com