ou g y ow in ep e kn Ke th in

|7| oct 12

Off the beaten track Using local insights to enhance tourism Saving planet earth The link between sustainable phosphorus use and food security alternate reality New research questions what constitutes ‘legitimate’ health care


aSk the exec

SaiD it

Saving energy

attila brungS
Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research)

When I was younger I wanted to be ... A concert pianist or an astronomer. However, as both professions required unremitting late nights (and I like my sleep), I eventually chose chemistry. I think it was inevitable that I would become a scientist, I have always been fascinated by the wonder of the universe, the magnificence of new discoveries and the opportunity scientists have to change the world. I have been privileged that, despite divergences in my career, those three elements have been present in some form. As I have grown older, working with a variety of interesting and passionate people, and making a positive impact on society, has become increasingly important to me. At UTS we are fortunate to have a surplus of talented and inspiring individuals who are focused on creating substantial benefit for Australia. For me, this mitigates (almost entirely) any lingering regrets about no longer being an active researcher. What book are you currently reading? I love reading (which is rather lucky given my career) and generally have a few books on the go, depending on how full my brain is at the end of the day. I have just finished Musashi by Eiji Yoshikawa – it’s a riveting historical adventure, following the rise of one of Japan’s greatest swordsmen in the 1600s, intriguingly told through an early 1900s Japanese lens. I’m also not far into a fantastic, ‘newish’ translation by Charles Martin of Ovid’s Metamorphoses, which I have not read since I was an undergraduate at UNSW. On reflection though, my most frequent and enjoyable reading (and re-reading and re-reading) are a wide variety of children’s tales with my two gorgeous kids.

Why is the researcher development component of the UTS Research Strategy 2010-2015 so important to you? One of UTS’s greatest strengths is our commitment to industry relevance, which makes our graduates so sought after. Central to the strategy is creating the next generation of research leaders, be that in academia or industry. We have developed a really innovative, holistic approach, from the UTS Framework for Doctoral Education to our Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellowships, Early Career Researcher Connect Program, Women in Research initiatives and leadership master classes for our leading academics. This integrated approach, to what is essentially professional development for researchers, puts UTS at the forefront of researcher development in Australia – which is a really exciting position to be in. One of the things I’d like to tick off my bucket list is ... Learning the trombone. I come from a music-loving family and I enjoy playing a variety of instruments (particularly with others), but as yet have never learned a brass instrument, which is odd as I love jazz and the trombone in particular. I did start learning the trombone a number of years ago, but too soon after my daughter was born. Unsurprisingly, with very young kids there was never the right moment in their sleep schedule for loud, tuneless blasts on a horn! Now that my kids are older, I would love to start again.
Photographer: Jesse Taylor

Will AustrAliA’s cArbon tAx reduce greenhouse gAs emissions or further cripple struggling fAmilies And students?
Part of the reason why energy pricing alone doesn’t drive efficiency is because it doesn’t give sufficient weight to the role of user behaviour. Because everyone in the modern workplace uses energy, we all have a role to play in helping to save energy – it’s a shared responsibility; a bit like oH&S. seb crawford Price alone is a very blunt instrument for trying to encourage more energy efficient practises. Energy managers within organisations need to deal with significant structural barriers and often an organisational culture that doesn’t value energy efficiency. I’d love to see more approaches that actually tackle these barriers directly, rather than just raising energy prices and assuming the rest will flow. chris riedy Leadership buy-in is definitely one of the most crucial things to implement energy efficiency measures in businesses, and some studies have indicated best practice examples might provide the necessary numbers to convince business leaders to act. However, as I research this topic within the developing country context, it’s clear businesses do not want to implement measures with a long-term finance horizon, especially where high upfront capital is necessary for appropriate technology. Here again the government could facilitate by providing funds for low interest loans from banks or guarantees. Verena

next mOnth’S queStiOn
Are complementary and alternative medicines ‘legitimate’ forms of health care or do you only support conventional medical treatments? Read Jon Adams’s opinion piece on page 8 and email your name and response to u@uts.edu.au or comment online via newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/alternate-realities

U: is published by the Marketing and communication Unit and provides a voice for the university community. As such, the views in U: are not necessarily the views of the university or the editorial team. U: reserves the right to edit as it sees fit any material submitted for publication.
Director: Jacqui Wise managing editor: Izanda Ford editor: Fiona Livy editorial coordinator: Katia Sanfilippo 02 9514 1971 u@uts.edu.au contributors: Jon Adams tania Aspland Alison Brown Sarah Kaine Jeff Li Miranda Middleton Frances Morgan Janet ollevou claire thompson Emma Smith art direction: Shahnam Roshan Design: claudia Iacovella cover image: Joanne Saad media enquiries: Robert Button 02 9514 1734 printer: Lindsay Yates Group

Saving planet earth
phosphorus equals life, yet the world’s main supply is falling fast; but does that mean the end is nigh? 6

alternate reality
Jon Adams reveals why more research is needed to inform the conventional/complementary and alternative medicine debate


Off the beaten track
the new enterprise using local insights to enhance sydney tourism


Ask The exec: AttilA brungs U: sAid iT: sAVing energy News: under the spotlight AroUNd U: the thin blAcK line sTAff Profile: WAste not, WAnt not AlUmNi Profile: snoW, sWeAt And feAr Two of U: it’s A tWin thing sTUdeNT Profile: engineering for life U: reAd iT: uts in print feATUred eveNT: heAlth cAre for life? whAT’s oN: october ArT & U: uts Art collection 2 2 4 5 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 19

next iSSue:
5 November 2012. Send your story ideas, opinions, events to u@uts.edu.au All U: articles are available to read online via newsroom.uts.edu.au

discover, engage, empower, deliver, sustain




“Scary, but exciting”. That’s how Associate Professor and animation Course Coordinator Damian Gascoigne describes this month’s launch of students’ work as part of the 2012 UTS: Sydney International Animation Festival (SIAF). Starting 12 October and running for three days, SIAF will include two animated feature premieres (A Monster in Paris and Alois Nebel), an international program of short films, teen workshops, and a talk by renowned animation director Rob Coleman. Coleman is a two-time Oscar nominee for his work on George Lucas’s Star Wars films and is now head of animation at Sydney production house Animal Logic.

The SPoTlighT
Gascoigne, who started at UTS in February this year, spent 14 years teaching animation at Kingston University, just outside London, and 2011 teaching at Seoul National University and Kookmin University in South Korea before the chance to start from scratch led him to Australia. “One of the many things that appealed to me about coming here is there wasn’t a full animation undergraduate program in Sydney at all. There are places you can study animation as a component of a media arts degree to some extent, but a complete animation program hasn’t existed at a university in this city. To start something as a first is really something special.

With a background in illustration and design, Gascoigne says he’s bringing a very different perspective to the curriculum of the new UTS degree, as well as his own film, Muso Soup. The film is part of SIAF’s international program. He describes Muso Soup as being an absurd look into the bitter nature of online arguments. Right now though, Gascoigne’s focusing on “launching our program with our students, putting them under the spotlight, and just getting a good solid festival of work under our belts. We’ll then hopefully start inviting more people from overseas to come do talks, workshops and master classes in the near future.

SIAF’s opening night will also feature a patchwork of short film pieces by UTS animation students, forming an overall animated version of the SIAF logo. The idea is to highlight the variety of processes and styles within the animation discipline. “The final result will be played to live music,” says Gascoigne. “No one knows how it will come together until we edit all the films.”

“We’ve been able to devise a program where the students are doing the core fundamentals of animation: how body mechanics and physics work, and principles such as weight, timing, anticipation, squash and stretch. “But we’ve also got enough time to work on what my colleague Lecturer Deborah Szapiro and I consider to be the far more important aspect – the development of good ideas, storytelling and aesthetics for animation.”

“Over the course of three days, an enormous number of people are going to know we exist as a Bachelor of Design in Animation here at UTS. It’s like a stone dropping in water – we’re associated with a really good festival with good work, and its just part of the bigger picture of what happens at UTS.”
Katia Sanfilippo marketing and communication Unit Photographer (d Gascoigne): Joanne saad Muso Soup stills supplied by: damian Gascoigne comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/under-the-spotlight

Damian Gascoigne



arOunD u


ThiN blAcK line
“I’ve grown up in a family that’s very politically minded,” says 24-year-old Kamilaroi woman Rudi Bremer. When she was a teenager, during NAIDOC week, Bremer would go with her mother (who was a teacher at an Aboriginal school in Redfern) for what her parents described as ‘cultural education days’. “It made me very conscious of the betrayal of our people in the media and to the absolute lack of voice,” she says. As the first intern on 2SER 107.3’s Indigenous affairs program The Thin Black Line, Bremer has been given the opportunity to follow her long-held dream of broadcasting good news stories and dispelling the misinformation that abounds in the mainstream media. Recently she interviewed Director of UTS’s Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning Michael McDaniel about the issue, re-ignited by Andrew Bolt, of what makes a ‘legitimate’ Indigenous person. For many people, says Bremer, an Aboriginal person should be “really dark, from the bush and if you can’t hunt – God bless you, you don’t count for anything”.

When she was in Year 7, Bremer sat in an art class next to a close friend who explained that Aboriginal people hung out in petrol stations, sniffing fumes and getting high. “I wasn’t even aware you could do that and my family lives two doors down from a petrol station!” It was then she realised people would make the assumption she was white unless she vocalised otherwise. Bremer began her internship at 2SER in a producer role, but very soon began presenting as well. Her first interview, was “so terrifying,” but the desire to share and uncover people’s stories spurred her on.

Before finishing her internship in a few months’ time, Bremer plans to present stories of people uncovering amazing family histories, fighting for native title and Indigenous researchers who are correcting and rewriting historical records set down by white historians. The internship, which was a 2SER initiative funded by the Community Broadcasting Foundation, is set to continue on an ongoing basis from next year with funding from the university’s Wingara Indigenous Employment and Career Development’s cadetship program. Bremer says the internship has given her the practical experience to complement her study for a Bachelor of Arts in Communication (Writing and Cultural Studies) and to nab a job on graduation.

Recently she was chatting to the owner of the Purple Goanna Bushfood Cafe in Redfern and realised it would make a good interview. The cafe serves food sourced from native plants, spices and animals. “I’m really interested in getting community stories we may not have thought about in the past, out there,” she says.

“It’s really annoying,” she says, that the media still give voice to the issue; but it’s one that’s close to her heart. “I grew up in Sydney and that doesn’t make me any less Aboriginal.” In fact, Bremer grew up in what she describes as the whitest part of Sydney: the Sutherland Shire.

With 20 per cent more people identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander in the 2011 census, interest is greater than ever. “We’re getting into an era where we’ve got parents like mine who are actively encouraging their kids to be proud of their culture, and we’ve got all these fantastic role models, so it makes sense for people to be identifying in this way.”

Not only has she learned about taking stories from concept to research to interview and post-production editing, but also that it’s okay to ask for help when you need it. “And finally, I’ve learned that everyone hates their voice on radio.” The Thin Black Line airs on 2SER 107.3 on Thursdays at 7pm.
Frances Morgan marketing and communication Unit Photographer: Joanne saad comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/the-thin-black-line

Rudi Bremer


plAnet eArth
Dana cordell



“a wOrlD withOut phOSphOruS iS like a wOrlD withOut Oxygen, Or carbOn, Or water – life wOulDn’t exiSt aS we knOw it.”


phosphorus equals life; but supplies of the world’s main source are falling fast. 2012 environmental research eureka prize winner Dana cordell explains where the waste is occurring and what we can do to prevent phosphorus from running out.
Not one to turn down a challenge, Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Research Fellow Dana Cordell is the sort of person you’d want by your side in an emergency. And, as a result of her award-winning work, Cordell and the international research community are now beginning to respond to an emergency of global proportions: the dwindling state of the world’s main phosphorus supplies. “Phosphorus is an essential element, an essential building block for all life,” says Cordell.

Phosphate rock mining

cattle farming

Despite the fundamental role phosphorus plays in all life on earth, and the rapid rates at which phosphate rock supplies are being depleted, there has been virtually no management of it by any national or international agency to ensure it’s available and accessible in the long term. “It’s been a bit of a sleeper issue and essentially fallen through the institutional cracks,” says Cordell. “If you think about which government department or which industry might be responsible for ensuring long-term access to phosphorus, it’s not quite clear. There’s a real ambiguity of roles and responsibilities.” In response, Cordell – and the Director of ISF Stuart White – have developed an international collective called the Global Phosphorus Research Initiative. Their aim is to mobilise international expertise on the sustainable use of phosphorus supplies for food security. “In launching this initiative, we really wanted to communicate these research findings and to engage the community, including policy and industry stakeholders, in discussing the dimensions of this global challenge,” says Cordell.

Cordell points to agricultural practises as an opportunity for using phosphorus more efficiently.

“Applying it at the right time, applying it where the plant roots are actually going to use it, and improving soil quality will result in more phosphorus that’s locked up and actually available in a soluble form in plant roots. “Equally, downstream from agriculture, we should be thinking about efficiency measures in the food production and processing chain. “What we need now are effective policy instruments to facilitate these technologies and practises to use and recycle phosphorus more sustainably.” However, the fact remains phosphorus is a finite resource. To make best use of our reserves, countries around the world will have to commit to monumental changes. Australia, which is the fifth largest consumer of phosphate fertiliser in the world, will too. “Australia is in a very unique situation,” says Cordell. “While we have naturally phosphorus-deficient soils, the food we grow and export feeds around 60 to 70 million people – mostly in the Asia Pacific region. What that means is we need a lot of phosphorus. Even if we recycle 100 per cent of it, it would nowhere near meet our demand.

“A world without phosphorus is like a world without oxygen, or carbon, or water – life wouldn’t exist as we know it.”

Cordell and her team at the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF), who won a 2012 Eureka Prize for their research, began looking into the global phosphorus situation back in 2005. One of their key pieces of work was an analysis to determine when, in a similar way to oil, the production of phosphate rock would peak. “Our original analysis indicated a phosphorus production peak would occur sometime around 2033. It’s actually quite concerning if you think about it, that’s only 20 years away,” says Cordell.

In other words, the end of the world is nigh. Or is it? Phosphorus is an element found in the earth’s crust and in all living things. It’s essential to plant growth and basic human functions – it’s in our cell walls and helps transport energy to the brain. Without it, animals can’t be fed, food can’t be produced and life on earth cannot survive.

“This is something that affects everyone; it’s about our fundamental ability to grow food and to eat.”

Modern agriculture has played a significant role in the rapid depletion of the world’s main source of phosphorus – phosphate rock. The use of phosphate rock in chemical fertilisers has significantly boosted crop yields, but inefficient practises and a lack of foresight have led to an abundant waste of the precious element. Squandered food is another key factor, particularly in affluent countries where food is plentiful and a lack of phosphorus recycling means more and more of it is winding up in our waterways, and causing pollution.

While most people might turn away from such a seemingly insurmountable challenge, Cordell has embraced it as an opportunity for action. “The good news is there’s a lot we can do. “There is no one solution, so we’ll need to take an integrated approach. First, we need to look at recovering phosphorus from all organic sources via recycling processes. This includes our own excrement – urine and faeces – in addition to food waste, crop waste, manure and possibly even algae and other new sources. “The other really important thing we need to do is use phosphorus much more efficiently, such as in the way we source it, and how we use it during fertiliser production – phosphorus is lost along the way from mine to field through leaks and spillages and perhaps old technologies and management processes that could be updated.”

“We might need to rethink the profiles of our agriculture and export industries in the future, which is not an easy thing to do.” Despite the magnitude of the problem, however, the ever-upbeat Cordell still sees a light at the end of the tunnel. “I don’t think it’s going to be easy, but I do think it’s possible. The first step is to ensure we keep the dialogue open with policy makers, industry, researchers and the community.”

Claire Thompson research and innovation office

Photographer (d cordell): Joanne saad Photographs (cattle farming and phosphate rock mining) supplied by: dana cordell comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/saving-planet-earth




ALtERNAtE reAlity

Jon Adams


while many australians consider complementary and alternative medicines like acupuncture and chiropractic to be mainstream medical treatments, much of the health care system does not. professor of public health Jon adams is using applied research to question what ‘legitimate’ health care is and why more and more people are investigating alternatives.

Research also suggests doctors are equally distanced from their CAM counterparts and, in some cases, dismissive of their patients’ increasing interest in using the treatments for their conditions and wellbeing. Needless to say, the widespread popularity and use of CAM is raising significant challenges for patients, practitioners and policy makers. It may come as a surprise then to discover how little we know about CAM use, practice, and decision making here in Australia and internationally. The empirical investigation of its use and practice is still in its infancy and discussion invariably provokes passionate debate on both sides of the CAM/ conventional medical divide.

What is clear is that we need to draw upon a wide range of perspectives and methodological approaches to help examine and understand crucial questions regarding the behaviours, motivations and decision making regarding CAM use and practice – why and how do patients use CAM? What are their experiences and perceptions of their CAM treatment? How do patients currently make decisions regarding their use or non-use of CAM? Who and what influences such decision making (including doctors)? To deny such work is to deny the critical, empirical investigation or even the existence of a well established and ever-popular network of health-seeking activity. And that is simply not an option if we intend to employ a research evidence base to guide safe, effective health policy and practice. Working alongside a range of practitioners, to ensure the research is clinically relevant, my research is taking an objective stance. Already we’ve begun focusing on CAM use and practice in relation to pregnancy and childbirth, back pain, rural/urban health care, primary health care provision and chronic illness. And a whole set of questions are being raised around issues such as information seeking, decision making, disclosure and communication (or lack of) between patient and practitioners.

Chances are, you – or someone you know – uses complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This diverse range of therapies and products, which are not traditionally associated with the medical profession or medical curriculum, include acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicine, herbal medicines, chiropractic, naturopathy and massage, amongst others. Once a fringe activity of those interested in all things ‘alternative’, research shows CAM enjoys a wide following across the general adult population – in the previous 12 months, two out of three Australians have reported using some form of CAM.

Earlier this year, vehement attacks and defense of CAM practice, and its existence, were plastered across the papers. Unfortunately, these debates, which questioned the support of CAM by patients, practitioners and researchers, didn’t always appeal to the evidence base. Instead, they often reflected the self-interest and partisan approach of those promoting their cause.

The vast majority have employed the treatments on a pragmatic basis alongside their use of more conventional medical care and services. Yet many patients are failing to disclose the use of parallel treatments; a decision that can have implications for their wellbeing and the wellbeing of Australia’s health care system.

Apart from a few productive but ad hoc attempts to provide a more integrative approach to health care, most CAM in Australia is practised and used in community or private settings. The vast majority of CAM therapists are in private practice often with limited communication channels to medical doctors or others in the conventional health care system.

In some ways, this is understandable – CAM and conventional medicine are often competing for patients and their limited resources, and there is potentially much to be gained and lost from advancing one field of health care over another. Yet, such a combative approach is not supported by my own, and others’, emerging empirical evidence which suggests an increasing number of grass-roots practitioners, on both sides, are keen to find closer relationships between the different medicines.

What’s been missing from most of the CAM debate to date has been a critical, rigorous health services research perspective. One that is able to stand beyond the passion of debate and ask clear, effective questions and provide useful answers for the benefit of patients and all involved in health care provision.

Jon Adams Professor of Public health faculty of health

While patients are leading these developments and increasingly voting with their feet, I’m concerned the research community is in danger of being left behind. While such a scenario would be devastating to our nation’s research culture, the ultimate disadvantage would be felt by patients and doctors who would both be denied access to findings that can promote effective communication about the safety and potential of all types of health care.

Moreover, a wide range of CAM products including herbal medicines and dietary supplements are available without the consultation of any practitioner – neither a doctor nor CAM therapist – from high street retail outlets including supermarkets, health food stores and pharmacists.

Through a program funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council and the Australian Research Council, I’ve been working with national and international researchers to find out the best ways to guide patients, practitioners and policy makers with regard to CAM use and practice. Our role as researchers should not be to prejudge what form of health care is ‘legitimate’ but to contribute to the establishment of a broad evidence base to help direct meaningful debate, practice and policy that is in the interests of patient safety and health.

Photographer: Joanne saad

Are complementary and alternative medicines ‘legitimate’ forms of health care or do you only support conventional medical treatments?


comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/alternate-reality


nathan wiltshire and baptiste bachellerie know the importance of getting off the beaten track when travelling. the business partners are putting what they learned during their utS masters degrees into practice with the creation of South of the border – a new enterprise adding meaning to the way visitors experience Sydney.


Nathan Wiltshire and Baptiste Bachellerie


Sydney Opera House, Uluru, the Great Barrier Reef; it’s iconic offerings like these that drew 5.9 million tourists to Australia in 2011. However, many, say Nathan Wiltshire and Baptiste Bachellerie, prefer to get under the skin of a city and into its communities to find its pulse.

It’s this iterative, human-centred approach that Wiltshire (an MBA graduate) and former classmate Bachellerie, are building on as part of South of the Border’s mission to create a more holistic model of tourism. With help from Core Member of UTS’s Cosmopolitan Civil Societies research centre Simon Darcy, the pair is researching what people really want to uncover about the local environment. “It’s about learning the types of experiences visitors to cities really want and developing empathy to uncover these insights,” says Wiltshire. “We’ve found they cherish interactions with locals as a means of better understanding community culture, and after experiencing a way of life beyond the tourism precincts, they come away with so much more.”

Bachellerie believes tourism is the ideal vehicle for creating shared value in communities. “The way Sydney has been built over the years, with the different waves of immigration, means many of the city’s suburbs have a distinct history and taste.

“Redfern, Cronulla, Parramatta – they all have a strong identity but they’re surrounded by stereotypes that aren’t necessarily true of the suburb. We want people to discover what the local people of these suburbs do, what projects the community is championing and the vision they have for their future. “Sydney Harbour and Bondi Beach are wonderful to visit, but there are a large number of visitors who seek deeper meaning in their travels. So that’s where we want to facilitate nourishing connections between visitors and local community heroes.”

Bachellerie agrees: “The companies we see on the tourism market these days are small family-operated and owned businesses who generally have very interesting stories to tell, but they find it difficult to grasp the international market. “Or there are the big industry players who have access to any kind of market they wish to target, but may miss the more personal stories. “I think we sit in between those two: we’re leveraging the distribution tools the big players use but with the more humancentred approach used by small business.” Wiltshire adds, “Rather than using the traditional model of business where you have an idea and make a finished product before launching it to the market, we want to involve the community and potential users of our service the whole way along.” Wiltshire and Bachellerie believe their masters studies at UTS have been instrumental in the development of this innovative tourism business model.

Paris-native Bachellerie agrees: “I’m a regular traveller and I’ve always looked for more alternative experiences to the mass tourism on offer. I’m always searching out information from locals when I visit a new place, and in some cities it’s easier than in others.”

South of the Border is using design thinking and its human-centered approach to explore the concept of ‘shared value’ – creating activities that are mutually beneficial for tourists and locals. Last month they launched a pilot project in Redfern, where small groups of tourists interact with grassroots community initiatives and are guided by local individuals who share their own enriching stories of the area. The project aims to give visitors an understanding of Sydney’s urban culture and its history, while economically supporting community work and making personal stories a matter of local pride. The South of the Border website, which is still being prototyped, aims to enable the wider community to get involved by adding their own stories online. “South of the Border is an example of innovative entrepreneurship based on cross discipline cosmopolitan research that values local communities,” says Darcy. “It seeks to include them as part of a co-creation process where they’re not only valued, but economically rewarded for their involvement.”

“we want peOple tO DiScOver what the lOcal peOple Of theSe SuburbS DO, what prOJectS the cOmmunity iS champiOning anD the viSiOn they have fOr their future.”

Bachellerie and Wiltshire, who grew up in Sydney’s south, chose Redfern as the pilot suburb because “we’ve both lived in the area and know it’s a diverse suburb really rich in history and culture, yet it’s often misunderstood by people who don’t know any better. We really believe our concept has great potential to dispel misconceptions and break down those barriers and stereotypes,” says Wiltshire. South of the Border also aims to change the traditional tourism distribution chain. “Inbound tour operators, a tour wholesaler, a retail travel agent, maybe even the concierge at a hotel – each of these are taking a percentage of the value you’re creating,” says Wiltshire.

“In tourism there are so many stakeholders that need to be engaged if we’re going to manage to do anything,” says Bachellerie. “One strength of South of the Border is the team. There is now a family of 10 of us from many different nationalities and different streams of study at UTS. But we’re all brought together by this passion for travel and a desire to scratch the surface.” Wiltshire is also using his experience with UTS’s international leadership program BUiLD to get the new enterprise off the ground. “BUiLD helped me focus on a more sustainable model of business, something that’s connected with community and social outcomes. That’s how I came across this idea of shared value. “We see tourism as the ideal industry to champion sustainability on a global scale, and this idea of shared value is really intertwining business and the planet; it’s a mutually beneficial way to move forward long term.” To get involved in the South of the Border pilot, visit facebook.com/ SouthoftheBorderTours or visit www.gosouthoftheborder.co.
Katia Sanfilippo marketing and communication Unit Photographer: Joanne saad comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/off-the-beaten-track

“By leveraging the internet and building an online platform people can interact with, I think we can cut out all the middle men and use those extra funds to support the core of our social activities.”



Staff prOfile

WAste not, WAnt not
Spending five hours commuting every day may seem daunting to some, but not to Newcastle native Thomas Boyle. Before taking on the role of Research Consultant at the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) in 2010, Boyle worked closer to home, overseeing sustainability capacity building projects at Hunter Councils. But, for Boyle, proximity couldn’t beat diversity. He hopes the projects will help to reduce leakage and improve water use efficiency. “ISF is trans-disciplinary; we have staff from many different backgrounds – architecture, commerce, engineering, environmental science,” he explains. “It brings so many different perspectives to the table and makes problem solving interesting and innovative, not to mention fun. “The unique thing about ISF is we go for traditional university research opportunities like those offered by the Australian Research Council (ARC), but we also do a lot of industry-funded projects.” The institute has also recently partnered with the Environment Protection Authority (EPA), the City of Sydney and UTS:Green to organise and promote a film competition as part of the EPA’s Love Food Hate Waste program. “It’s a really great example of how universities can come together and get this message across the community,” says Boyle. For the young environmentalist, it’s the ability to apply what he’s learned that really matters. “Not only do we do the research, we aspire to apply this learning practically, through government, industry and community partnerships. “ISF had done research on this area previously, looking at food waste, and we thought what a great opportunity to leverage that research and help spread the message to the community.” “It’s about capacity building and collaboration – the fundamental drivers of change creation. And this is why I love working at ISF – getting amongst the ‘nitty gritty’ of making it all happen.” To find out more about the Love Food Hate Waste film competition, visit www.lovefoodfilm.com.
Jeff li Graduate diploma in Journalism Photographer: Joanne saad comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/waste-not-want-not

Boyle’s current research, which is funded by the ARC, is looking at smart metering of water usage. “It gives you a better idea of when and where water is used in houses and in commercial premises.”

Grants from the Love Food Hate Waste program are usually awarded to local councils for promotion within their community. The ISF approach is different – it uses film, a website and dedicated social media campaign, developed by Boyle and ISF colleague Jade Herriman, to engage students. Major NSW universities including the University of Sydney, University of New South Wales, Macquarie University, University of Newcastle, University of Western Sydney and University of Wollongong have also partnered with ISF to promote the film competition.

thomas Boyle



alumni prOfile

“I’ve suffered so much. Why not suffer a little bit more and make it all worthwhile?” This was the mantra that saw John Cantor through his solo expedition across North America’s Brooks Range. The 27-year-old says he felt like giving up almost every day of his 1600 kilometre solo journey between Canada and the Alaskan coast, yet he refused to succumb to the exhaustion, anxiety and pain. “For the first four days of the expedition there was a voice in my head constantly telling me to quit,” says Cantor. “I threw up a dozen times during the first night just because I was so freaked out.” Cantor’s three prior attempts at the expedition, which is considered one of the toughest in the world, had seen the young adventurer pull out within the first four days. This year, he was adamant he’d succeed. “It was a big evolution realising that freaking out in the Brooks Range is a perfectly natural thing. The first few times it happened I thought, ‘Things aren’t right; I need to get out of here’.”

“I’ve always liked pushing the limits and seeking out adventures, but it was more the fact that I felt like I had such a great and easy life that I really needed to challenge myself,” he says, explaining his motivation for the expedition.

And Cantor certainly encountered his fair share of challenges. A mere five days into the hike he developed Achilles tendonitis (inflammation of the tendon at the back of the ankle). He was forced to survive on olive oil and protein shakes since he couldn’t stop to eat solid food.

Having lived to tell his extraordinary tale, Cantor is eager to share it. The Master of Media Arts and Production graduate is planning to make a feature-length documentary about the expedition, using footage captured on his Sony NEX-VG20 digital camera. He’s also writing a book and hoping to move into motivational speaking with his talk titled: ‘Goals you shouldn’t be able to achieve’.

“If I stopped, the pain would just get worse so I couldn’t really take breaks,” says Cantor. “Aside from stopping to purify water, in the average 11- to 14-hour day hiking I wouldn’t stop for more than 30 seconds or so.” On the eighth day, Cantor became lost in a valley and had to cross a number of dangerous snow bridges. “I didn’t know if I was going to punch through the ice at any minute, and if I had done that I would almost certainly have died.” Just a week after he returned to Australia, Cantor discovered a South African trekker had died in the Brooks Range after stepping on loose rocks and falling into a river.

“The biggest turning point in my journey was actually when I no longer believed in myself,” says Cantor. “That was when I sat down and said to myself, ‘Okay, I can’t traverse the Brooks Range, what do I have to do to be able to cross it?’. I set myself daily goals and instead of seeing the expedition as one great challenge, I broke it down into little battles. “Everyone has a Brooks Range out there. It’s not necessarily a mountain range in Arctic Alaska, but just something they feel they might not be able to do. If I can help them find that I will be really happy.”
Miranda Middleton Bachelor of Arts in communication (Journalism)/ international studies Photograph supplied by: John cantor comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/snow-sweat-and-fear

Now, having completed the trek, Cantor is the first Australian and the fifth person ever to do so. He even set a speed record for the traverse, completing it in 31-and-a-half days – a far cry from the 60 days he predicted.

John cantor



twO Of u

It’S A tWin tHING
Design duo maricor/maricar went into their utS bachelor of Design in visual communication degrees without really understanding what ‘design’ or ‘visual communication’ meant. they just knew being creative was how they wanted to make their living. with a focus on handcrafted and bespoke art designs and illustrations, the talented twins tell us how sisters really are doing it for themselves.

Maricar and Maricor Manalo


mAricAr mAnAlo Maricor and I grew up, for the most part, in the south of Sydney, very close to the airport, so the sound of airplanes is a very strong reminder of childhood. We moved here from the Philippines with our parents and older sister, Maridel. Actually, Maricor and I followed a year after my parents and sister arrived, when we were two; I think that helped make us very close. My aunt looked after us that year in the Philippines. When I think about taking care of two infants on my own, I realise the sacrifice she must have made. I’ll always be grateful. We first started embroidery during our time at the Sydney design studio Mathematics – we created an animated music video for the band Architecture in Helsinki. The entire animation was created using embroidered graphics. We taught ourselves using a Reader’s Digest book on embroidery and by watching tutorials online. Since then, we’ve honed our skills by experimenting. I think this trial and error way of working helped us approach embroidery in a less traditional sense. The processes involved are much the same for other designers or illustrators, except we also have a pre- and post-production phase where we have to wash and stretch fabric. We go through the design stages from the initial pencil sketch to refined coloured final previews with the client before we commence embroidery, as changes from then on are difficult.

I find Maricor’s absent-mindedness both infuriating and endearing. She’s the type of person who will forget where she’s placed something only to discover it’s in her pocket. She also has a habit of mixing up idioms which is pretty funny and has become a rich source of inspiration for our projects – ‘get all up in my goat’ is one of my favourites.

I was drawn to the UTS degree as it seemed more practical and industry focused than others. It was also versatile and allowed for specialisation later in the course. Maricar, on the other hand, was tossing up between design and pharmacy. It wasn’t until she did work experience in a pharmacy lab that she realised it wasn’t for her. We were encouraged to explore and experiment during our degree, and I think this helped put us on the path to where we are now.

Growing up we tried to go our separate ways as much as possible. Yet it was during our studies that we became increasingly interested in the same types of illustration, animation and design, and it made sense to work more closely on creative projects. We were used to bouncing ideas off each other and would get really excited about what the other one was doing. We were competitive with each other, but that ultimately gave us the motivation to keep pushing what we were doing and developing ideas. We were never taught how to sew or embroider by our parents or grandparents. An animation project came up in the studio we used to work at with the opportunity to embroider the graphics. We’ve always liked learning new things, especially anything that involves making things by hand, so we went straight out to the bookshops and bought a book to learn from. We also looked up video tutorials online when the instructions in the book were difficult to decipher.

We find inspiration in so many different things, people and places. Pattern, texture and colour feature heavily in our work so we’re really inspired by traditional textiles from all over the world, in any form, ranging from basket weaving to woven textiles and rugs. Recently Maricor travelled to Peru and Guatemala and visited a weaving co-op. She was able to see how traditional Peruvian textiles are made – from hand spinning the raw wool, to the natural dyes and the beautiful and inspiring hand weaving.

Working so closely with family would be difficult for some; yet working with Maricor feels very natural to me. We went to the same schools and university so we’ve developed what you could call a shorthand in the way we communicate with each other. It means conversations about design briefs are often streamlined since we usually don’t need to finish sentences before one understands what the other is suggesting. I’m afraid we probably confuse anyone else who happens to overhear! The only way it has hindered us is that we can be very honest in our feedback, sometimes brutally. Thankfully we rarely disagree.

mAricor mAnAlo As children, our favourite toy to play with was a bucket of LEGO. We would create lots of different objects with them, including Tetris blocks that we’d use in our own lo-fi version of the game. We would start off making the different shaped blocks and we would each take a turn passing the other a block to try and fit them all neatly together until they filled up the board. I guess we learned how to be resourceful and creative from early on. It became clear to me in my senior years in high school that I wanted to pursue a creative career. I wasn’t sure what career exactly but I thought a design degree would give me a good foundation to start from.

Our studio is still very young and we’re still learning about running a creative business. I’d like to say that in five years’ time we’ll have firmly established ourselves, both locally and internationally, and have begun creating larger-scale handmade graphics and visuals. We have the same aesthetic and interests in handmade design so it’ll be interesting to see how far we can push it. I love my sister’s sense of playfulness, her whimsy, and she’s not afraid to keep that aspect of fun in her design. Maricar is also a lot more patient than I am – I tend to be impulsive and absentminded, which can be a bad combination. Her patience balances me out, I think, and we work well together creatively. We always planned to work together professionally, and now we do. We’re pretty used to each other’s company.
Katia Sanfilippo marketing and communication Unit Photographer (m and m manalo): lucy leonardi embroidery images supplied by: maricor/maricar comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/its-a-twin-thing



StuDent prOfile

eNGiNeeriNG for life
With 10 books (all published in Farsi) and three patents already under his name, 33-year-old engineering PhD student Vahid Vakiloroaya has spent his academic life “creating for the people”. Born and raised in Kashan, Iran, Vakiloroaya’s passion for engineering and his drive to create was realised at the age of 19. Just one year after starting undergraduate study at the Iran University of Science and Technology, Vakiloroaya’s first book on partial differential equations was published. Fourteen years and nine books later, the young engineer has no intention of slowing down. “Knowledge can be used everywhere. I think the art of an engineer is to produce something that makes life better for everybody – it doesn’t matter where they are around the world.” Selected as a finalist in this year’s Trailblazer awards for his work on a solar assisted air conditioning system, Vakiloroaya’s motivation and those of his research team, lie in their desire to help others. The same project has also seen Vakiloroaya, and his principal supervisor Quang Ha and co-supervisor Bijan Samali, nominated as one of four finalists in the Research and Development category of the Engineers Australia Engineering Excellence Awards 2012. Vakiloroaya, since his introduction to engineering at 18, has always had a keen interest in mechanical engineering, particularly in the field of heat transfer. For the past year-and-a-half he has been developing the solar assisted air conditioning system, which aims to reduce energy consumption by 20 to 40 per cent. He has also developed a passive cooling system, run solely on water, which could see consumer costs plummet even further as it uses only 10 per cent electricity. “It hardly uses any greenhouse gas, so it can keep the environment clean and energy consumption low,” says Vakiloroaya. Why air conditioning? The young engineer says his interest can be traced back to his youth in the hot, dry Middle East, and his shock at Australian energy prices.

“Three months after I arrived in Australia I received my electricity bill from EnergyAustralia and it was $750! This just helped me to re-think how I consume energy so I could use it without paying a lot of money.” Now, with his first English book, HVAC Design and Calculation: A practical guide, currently in production and his latest innovations for the solar assisted system being assessed for patent application, Vakiloroaya is keen to see his work help people on an international scale.

“When it comes to my work I believe we can either use it or improve it again. “If an engineer just produces something on paper it absolutely doesn’t mean anything. The art of an engineer is to make an easier life for the people.”
Alison Brown Bachelor of Arts in communication (Journalism) Photographer: Joanne saad comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/engineering-for-life

vahid vakiloroaya


utS in print
the Sage hanDbOOk Of cOrpOrate gOvernance ediTed By: ThoMAS ClARKe AND DoUglAS BRANSoN PUBlisher: SAge PUBliCATioNS With the shockwaves of the global financial crisis still reverberating around the global economy and with the News of the World scandal and the Libor interest rate rigging debacle still playing out beyond the UK, corporate governance remains an urgent concern for academics, and corporate and community leaders. The SAGE Handbook of Corporate Governance offers a timely examination of governance issues in this context and makes a threefold contribution to the corporate governance field. First, it challenges the primacy of agency theory and its associated privileging of shareholder value as the appropriate, and indeed only, measure of corporate performance – Margaret Blair’s chapter dissecting the myths around the legal duties of directors and the doctrine of shareholder primacy is particularly enlightening. Second, it grapples with the complex relationship between corporate governance and other fundamentals of the modern business context – value creation, innovation and strategy. Finally, while traversing issues commonly associated with corporate governance – executive remuneration and the behaviour and composition of boards – the handbook also provides an eloquent argument for the extension of current definitions of corporate governance to encompass corporate social responsibility and sustainability. In doing so, it begins to answer the question, not of what corporate governance was or is, but more importantly, what it should be in the future.
Sarah Kaine UtS Business School thomas clarke is a Professor of Management and the Director of the centre for corporate Governance at UtS.

reaD it

Dancing tO the flute By: MANiShA Jolie AMiN PUBlisher: AlleN & UNwiN

reShaping DOctOral eDucatiOn ediTed By: AliSoN lee AND SUSAN DANBy PUBlisher: RoUTleDge

emma Smith Bachelor of Arts in communication (Writing and cultural Studies)/International Studies Dancing to the Flute is Manisha Jolie Amin’s first novel. Amin, a former Manager, communication with UtS’s Marketing and communication Unit also graduated with a PhD from the university in 2011.

Perhaps best described as a modernconceived Indian folk tale, Dancing to the Flute is Manisha Jolie Amin’s debut novel. The book focuses on Kalu, an orphan street boy, who one day is injured and cannot work, all but losing any future prospects of getting off the streets. That is, until he meets a healer who ignores their class differences and promises to help him, for a fee – Kalu must train as a flute player with the healer’s musician brother. Though Kalu eventually becomes internationally famous, he still has unresolved issues from his hometown and childhood. Although Amin has never taken up residence in India, she has travelled there extensively. The influence of her childhood, spent listening to the traditional Indian stories of her mother and flute melodies of her father are also shown in Dancing to the Flute. The novel evokes a mystical, superstitious kind of divine providence, similar to that found in Paulo Coelho’s novels. Though a colourful and at times surprising read, the storyline does get lost among long, reflective descriptions that do little to progress plot. While some of these details are useful in evoking a certain ‘Indian-ness’, the novel would be stronger if it were more concise and less reliant on heavy-handed explanations of characters and events.

As McWilliam states at the outset, Reshaping Doctoral Education provides a trustworthy platform from which to launch into the pedagogies of doctoral supervision. Based on deep expertise in this domain, Lee and Danby are well placed to propose innovative possibilities for postgraduate supervision. Connell has highlighted the complex human processes and the centrality of relationships that shape quality supervision – the core message in this collection. In the book, Manathunga’s review of the history of doctoral supervision provides a sound rationale for this shift in supervisory practices. The internationalisation of doctoral supervision is revealed through case studies from Australia, the US, UK and Europe. For example, the chapter of Singh et al challenges the hegemonic discourses of supervision in proposing new cultural lenses to doctoral work. Imagining an international doctoral network becomes a reality through the reading of the chapter by Abrant Dahlgren, Nyström, Grosjean and Lee. Narratives of many kinds unfold for supervisors and doctoral candidates: narratives of hope (Rice and Matthews, and McKinley and Grant); transdisciplinary engagement (Willets, Mitchell, Abeysuriya and Fam); reshaping the old for new purposes (Abrant Dahlgren and Bjuremark); and celebrating the importance of partnerships (Adkins et al). This work is guaranteed to generate conversations of a critical nature, which are a must when it comes to doctoral supervision.
Tania Aspland Professor and Head of the School of Education, University of Adelaide Alison Lee is a former Professor of Education in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences.

During October the Co-op Bookshop on Broadway is offering Co-op members a 20 per cent discount on all books reviewed this month. For more details, email uts@coop-bookshop.com.au




featureD event

Since its introduction in 1984, the cost of Medicare has increased by more than $100 billion; that’s enough to buy more than 131 million 64 gigabyte iPads or 200 000 Mercedes SLS AMGs. It’s also over nine per cent of Australia’s gross domestic product. “We’re talking about close to one tenth of the country’s economic activity being devoted to health care,” says Director of Strategy at the Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation (CHERE) Jane Hall. “Now, many countries spend more than that, but with the growing complexity and therefore cost that goes into health care, there are a lot of concerns, at all sorts of levels, about whether we can continue to afford a health care system such as Medicare.” “You knew when you went to hospital because you went to this imposing building, they took your clothes away, put you in pyjamas, put you in bed and you stayed there until you were sent out. “Those distinctions are no longer so clear,” says Hall. Today, “we see such phenomena as new mothers being accommodated in hotels and supported by hospital nursing and midwifery staff. As the Federal Government embarks on a program of health care reforms, the real question, says Hall, is: “Are we setting up the new structures and the new funding streams in a way that will allow us to continue to build the health system we need for the 21st century?” “In the ‘old days’, doctors were doctors and hospitals were hospitals. “There’s no longer this distinction between what happens in a hospital and what happens outside. So the whole way in which health care has to be organised has to become much more flexible, but also much more coordinated.” Despite technological and pharmaceutical advances, Hall says, health care funding remains in the 19th century. “The structure and the funding of the health system is still very much divided into these three areas of hospitals, doctors for out of hospital care and drugs. “Our health care system has been designed more around acute illnesses. They were the major burden of disease in the last century, and indeed in times before that. But because we’ve been so good at treating them, those diseases are no longer the major causes of people suffering and dying prematurely.”

Today, Australia is “right up the top” of international life expectancy tables. However, “because people are living longer there’s more opportunity for the slower developing and chronic diseases to take hold. And that needs a different way of organising services. “One of the issues, in any overhaul of the health care system, is you don’t start with a blank slate. You have to keep delivering all of those services to all of those people who need it whilst you do the redesign. It’s like that old Irish joke: ‘How do you get to Dublin?’ And the man answers: ‘Well, I wouldn’t start from here’.”

Hall says the challenges aren’t just for government. Citizens need to be aware of what changes can be achieved and how long they will take. “Health is a major issue and if people are going to be informed and responsible citizens, they need to understand the issues.” UTSpeaks: Health care for life? will be held on Wednesday 24 October at 6pm in the Great Hall on level 5 of the Tower. For more information, or to RSVP, email robert.button@uts.edu.au.
Fiona livy marketing and communication Unit Photographer (J hall): chris Bennett Photographer (fence): Joanne saad comment on this article at newsroom.uts.edu.au/ news/2012/10/health-care-for-life

It’s a question Hall will be looking to answer in her upcoming UTSpeaks lecture – Health care for life?

Jane Hall


what’S On

art & u

1 postgrAduAte info sessions Find out which course suits your needs, aspirations and qualifications or experience city campus Until 24 october postgraduate.uts.edu.au dJAlKiri: We Are stAnding on their nAmes – blue mud bAy A cross-cultural art project that brings together artists, scientists and printmakers 12 noon to 6pm monday to friday / UTs Gallery, building 6, level 4 Until 12 october utsgallery.uts.edu.au 8 couture cupcAKes help fourth-year fashion students raise funds for their graduation show 10am mondays / Building 6, level 4 reseArch seminAr: get finished Presented by Jenny edwards, this seminar is for doctoral and masters students who are preparing to submit their thesis 5pm to 7pm / Building 5B, level 5, room 503 rsvP by friday 5 october jenny.lim@uts.edu.au uts internAtionAl students’ informAtion dAy Meet with faculty staff to find out more about studying at UTS and seek assistance to apply 9am to 1pm / Tower, level 4 foyer uts.edu.au/international/infoday sAfety And Wellbeing for superVisors enhance your knowledge and practical application of health and safety systems at UTS 10am to 11.30am / hr training room 2, building 10, level 6, room 430 david.lloyd-jones@uts.edu.au Quiet the mind meditAtion Turn down the mental chitchat and be more present, positive and have better health 12.30pm to 1.30pm / Tower, level 4, room 6 dominique.grady@uts.edu.au 23 sWedish for Argument An exhibition examining ideas of production, ownership, ubiquity and need 12 noon to 6pm monday to friday / UTs Gallery, building 6, level 4 Until 23 November utsgallery.uts.edu.au utspeAKs: heAlth cAre for life? Jane hall discusses whether or not Australian tax payers can continue to pay the rising costs of Medicare 6pm / Great hall, Tower, level 5 robert.button@uts.edu.au giVing mAKes you feel good Founder and Ceo of ozharvest Ronni Khan talks about what the organisation does and how it’s enriched her life 12.30pm to 1.30pm / Tower, level 4, room 6 dominique.grady@uts.edu.au

image: may marsden, View from Ball’s Head, c.1925, watercolour on paper, UTs Art collection

this month, in a change from showing off new acquisitions, I’ve selected one of the earliest works in the UtS Art collection – a watercolour by May Marsden titled View from Ball’s Head. Marsden, a lecturer at the Sydney teachers’ college in the first half of the 20th century, was an enthusiastic advocate for the visual arts. Her students and colleagues included James Gleeson, Rah Fizelle and Bernard Smith, who later became the Director of the Power Institute and author of several seminal books on Australian art. View from Ball’s Head, which is currently undergoing conservation treatment, is signed but not dated. the watercolour is estimated to be from around 1925, a time of great promise for Sydney. construction of the Harbour Bridge was only just starting and the coal loader built at Ball’s Head a few years earlier represented the latest in efficiency for its purpose and was symbolic of the then industrial port of Sydney. Rather than a scene from nature, Marsden has chosen to depict the loader, complete with mounds of coal to be piled onto bunkered ships. It’s an uncompromisingly industrial subject. Although the nearby Berry Island Reserve was secured in the 1920s, the coal Loader site at Ball’s Head remained in use for coal and fuel storage up until the 1990s. In recent years, the site has undergone a major transformation: the heritage buildings have been converted into a sustainability centre by the local council with a community garden, public space for recreation, and an education centre for learning about conservation and the environment. For more news and stories about the UTS Art Collection, visit their blog: utsartcollection.wordpress.com
Janet ollevou UTs Art collection






email your events for November 2012 to u@uts.edu.au by 12 october

Art & U profiles a piece of work from the UTS Art Collection every issue.

green heart

Alumni green is uts’s principal green space and is set for a complete facelift, inspired by some of the world’s great public spaces, by 2014. the winner of the recent design competition, selected from 14 entries by emerging and established architecture and landscape architecture practices, was Aspect studios. Aspect studios’ lily szumer, who worked on the scheme, says, “i came fresh out of uni so i had a really good perspective on what sort of interactions happen at uni and how the infrastructure could enhance that social interaction.” to find out more visit fmu.uts.edu.au/masterplan/inprogress
Image supplied by: ASPEct Studios

UTS has done its bit for the environment by using environmentally friendly paper and ink to produce U: UTS CRiCoS Provider Code: 00099F iSSN No: 1833-4113

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