Bioethics Quizzes

Wednesday, September 26, 2007 9:11 AM

QUIZ #1

1. What is at issue in bioethical debates about whole brain death and cortical

brain death? D. Personhood 2. On its own it is never an issue of bioethical debate because it is never put into question A. Life The quality that makes of an entity, being, object or person morally 3. considerable or valuable and bounds a moral agent to consider such an entity as having intrinsic value. E. Moral status 4. The contemporary definition of this concept permits the ethical use of a person’s organs even though his or her body is still alive B. Death 5. Any entity attributed as having the same moral status as a member of the human species by an individual or community and binds us to treat it as an end in it’s self and not just as a means for an end C. Person 6. A state in which there is irreversible damage to the cortical brain and the brain stem C. Brain death 7. A state in which there is substantial or complete damage to the cortical brain with an intact brain stem: A. Persistent vegetative state 8. A state in which there is unconsciousness that resembles deep sleep B. COMA 9. A state in which the sensory input to the brain is intact, but there is severe limitation in the motor response ANS: locked-in syndrome 10. Mehta-ethical debate has repercussions on our moral conduct and above all in the attribution of moral responsibility or lack thereof because: a. The ethical significance of our conduct depends on our own perspective and therefore is different for everyone b. By changing the definitions of ethical terms and their use, the same act may chance from an ethically correct to an ethically incorrect one or vice versa. c. By looking at the ethical problems from the perspective of our religious values, the same act my change from an ethically correct to an ethically incorrect one or vice versa. d. By going beyond the ethical we transcend differences between religious moral and community values

QUIZ #2 1. Which of the following is true according to World Medical Association statement on PAS? Euthanasia is unethical for whatever reason (B) 2. Which of the following is unique in that it is legal under certain circumstances? Voluntary Passive Euthanasia 3. Assisted suicide can be classified as a form of: Voluntary Active Euthanasia 4. Futility concept can be explained as follows It requires withholding medications that aren't physiologically significant (D) 5. Mrs. Martinez, end-stage leukemia, blood transfusion not medically needed but done away: Normatitive Futility MATCH CHOICES Palliation of Symptoms B. Active Euthanasia C. Physician Assisted Suicide D. Suicide E. Double effect doctrine
A.

Prescribe high dose of opiates w/purpose of relieving severe pain (A-Palliation of Symptoms) Pt. ingests lethal dose of medication after saving pills for this 7. purpose (D-Suicide) Lethal dose prescribed to patient, nurse administers it (B8. Active Euthanasia) Prescribe lethal dose to patient, at patient's request, who then 9. self administers the medication (C-physician assisted suicide) Physician prescribes high dose of opiods to treat pain foreseeing 10. hastening of patient's death (E-Double effect doctrine)

6.

QUIZ #3 1. Roe vs. Wade is the landmark case that: D. Is based on the right to personal privacy as per the 14th amendment of the constitution 2. A 15 year old you care for has decided to terminate her pregnancy. In the past her parents would have had the right to veto her decision. This Missouri law was ruled unconstitutional under which of the following landmark cases? B.Planned Parenthood vs. Danforth 3. A 16 year old can approach a pharmacist to purchase contraceptives. This right was established by? A.Carey vs. Population services international 4. A baby born with a complex heart defect. There is an experimental surgical procedure that may or may not save her life. The child has also been found to have a serious, inoperable 5. and fatal kidney condition, the best decision for this child should be based on: D.the child’s best interest should guide the decision: comfort care, hydration, pain management 6. In the above case, under Baby Doe, the child: E.Must receive intravenous fluid if indicated, proper nutrition, and pain and other indicated medications 7. The standard and landmark case representative of the concepts of futility is: B.Baby K MATCH A. B. C. D. Maher vs. Roe Harris vs. McRea William Webster vs. Reproductive Health Services Akron vs. Akron Center for Reproductive Health

8. Federal Government cannot pay for abortions unless pregnancy is the
result of rape or incest (B - Harris vs McRea)

9. States may refuse to pay for abortions for women on welfare (A – Maher
vs. Roe)

10. Modifies Roe vs. Wade by regulating first trimester abortions: minors no
longer require parental consent (D – Akron vs. Akron Center for Reproductive Health)

11. Missouri-state physicians cannot perform abortions because they are
prohibited by this ruling (C – William Webster vs. Reproductive Health Services)

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