Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Math 4340-Lecture 1
- Math 4340-Lecture 18
- Math 4340-Lecture 3
- Math 4340-Lecture 2
- CS 4820-Lecture 17
- CS 4820-Lecture 16
- Math 4340-Lecture 4
- Math 4340-Lecture 20
- CS 4820-Lecture 14
- CS 4820-Lecture 15
- Math 4340-Lecture 19
- Math 4340-Lecture 24
- Math 7370-Lecture 23
- Math 7370-Lecture 24
- Math 4340-Lecture 11
- Math 4340-Lecture 17
- Math 4340-Lecture 10
- Math-6170-Lec-01
- Math 6210 Lec 01
- Math 6710 Lec 01

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y. Tetrahedron Symmetry. A4 is the group of orientation-preserving symmetries of a regular tetrahedron. We can obtain 8 non-trivial rotation symmetries, each of which is a 3-cycle. In particular, for each of the 4 vertices, we can rotate the corresponding equilateral triangle in exactly 2 ways. Together with the identity, this forms a subgroup of at least 9. But a subgroup of S4 must have order 12 or 24. However, a symmetry obtained by reection cannot be achieved by rotations, so it cannot have order 24. Hence it must have order 12. Finally, A4 is the only proper subgroup of S4 which contains all the 3-cycles. This is fairly easy to check as (123)(124) = (13)(24), etc. Symmetry Groups of Platonic Solids. Tetrahedron, Cube, Octahedron, Dodecahedron, Icosahedron.

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