DISSERTATION REPORT ON SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF ASIAN PAINTS

Acknowledgement
I consider my proud privilege to express deep sense of gratitude her admirable and valuable guidance, keen interest,

encouragement and constructive suggestions during the course of the project. I would also like to express my hearty gratitude to my faculty guides, for her valuable guidance.

COMPANY PROFILE

BACKGROUND Champaklal H Choksey, Chimanlal Choksi, SC Dani and A Vakil set up APIL, in 1942 as a partnership firm .In 1945, it was converted into a private limited company, under the name of Asian Oil and Paint Co Pvt. Ltd. In 1965, the name was change to Asian Paints (India) Pvt. Ltd. In 1973, it was converted into a public limited company. APIL‘s first plant came up in Bhandup in 1957 .It has three other plants located at Ankeleshwar (1981), Patancheru (1985) and Kasna (1990) .All the plants have captive resin manufacturing faculties and are capable of producing the entire range of paints. APIL also manufactures a key raw material Phthalic Anhydride, at its Ankleshwar plant, 30 % of which is costively consumed. Earlier APIL used to also manufacture

APIL was able to cut back workforce.In FY96 APIL‘s ailing subsidiary Pentasia Chemicals Ltd.The oldest plant is at Bhandup in Mumabi . especially in the areas of production and distribution logistics has helped APIL improve its operating efficiency . Investment in information technology. Through a AVS scheme introduced in 1993.another raw material. Patancheru in Andhra Pradesh and Kasna in Uttar . Locations APIL has 4paints manufacturing plants .The other plants are at Ankleshwar in Gujarat . was merged with APIL. which was later hived off onto a separate company. Capacity expansions have come in a phased manner. vinyl pyridine latex. Productivity at the Bhandup plant has been lackluster. under the name of Apcotex Lattices Ltd.

700 .000 50.000 capacity Andhra 50.The Phthalic anhydride plant is located at Ankleshwar in Gujarat. Mumbai Ankleshwar Patancheru Pradesh Kasna .000 42.700 162. Penta plant (result of PCL merger) is located at Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu .Uttar Pradesh Total Installed (TAP) 20.The installed Capacity of each manufacturing facilities are: Manufacturing facilities Bhandaup.Pradesh .

While both are characterized by low capital costs and high working capital intensive. is the market leader in decorative paints .The company has registered a net profile of Rs 1064mn in Fy 01 as compared to Rs 973 mn in the previous year. ht latter requires special technology. Paints sector can be segmented application wise . Brand building and dealer network act as effective entry barriers. high during festivals. . Demand is seasonal in nature – low during monsoon.India‘s largest Paints Company . Capacities are normally set up close to markets. so as to be able to offer multitude of shades and colors to customers.APIL . as decorative paints and industrial paints .It has remained focused on core business and has consistently improved operating efficiencies .

The company is restructuring its operations into three SBUs and has set target to be amongst the top ten decorative manufactures in the world by 2003. product innovations and a fight for superior distribution network. APIL is set gain the maximum amongst the peer members from the uptrend in the housing sector .Domestic paints sector. The underdeveloped industrial paints market hold maximum growth potential. dominated by decorative paints (70%) is expected to undergo a structural shift towards industrial paints . Most organized sector players are established with well-entrenched distribution network and established brands. albeit competition.APIL has set target . APIL is investing heavily in dealer tinting machine ―Colour World ‖and IT technologies to keep ahead of competition . Focussed on decorative paints segment. Threat of global competition in is minimal. as cross –border tie-ups in industrial paints are becoming order of the day.

commanding a market share of 38 per cent in decorative paints and 33 per cent overall in the organised sector. Its annual sales turnover exceeds Rs. Such an achievement by a company that is wholly Indian in capital. 1. Goodlass Nerolac. It also has set a vision to be among the top five paint companies worldwide by 2005. management and technology and in an industry historically dominated by multinationals is certainly a commendable feat . All others have only less than 10 per cent. way ahead of all the competitors in the industry. its nearest rival.On export front .300 crore. Whereas Asian Paints has a market share of 38 per cent. Asian Paints is far ahead. ASIAN PAINTS OVERVIEW Asian Paints Limited (APL) is the market leader in the Indian paint industry. the company is looking out for alliances/ takeover in the emerging markets of Asia.of Gross sales of Rs21bn by 2003and earning growth of above 20% . In profits too. commands a share of just 14 per cent. Asian paints market leadership in the decorative paints segments can be grasped correctly when we take note of the relative position of the various players in the industry.

Its reach and dominance in the Indian market can be gauged from the fact that it is more than twice the size of its neares competitor in India and it has been the market leader in paints industry in India since 1968.The company operates in 22 countries and has 29 paint manufacturing plants in the world which service consumers in . Choksi. The company with a turnover of US$ 535 million on standalone basis and US$ 640 million on consolidated basis (including turnover of all its subsidiaries) is one of the top ten decorative paints companies in the world.Asian Paints Limited was established in 1942 as a partnership firm by four friends Champaklal H. Choksey. Chimanlal N. the company has moved on to become the largest paints company in India with a market share of 30 percent. Dani and Arvind R.Vakil to manufacture paints in a garage in Mumbai (Bombay). From its humble beginnings. Suryakant C.

000 Cr. The Indian Paint industry. The industry consists of two segments. The unorganised players mainly dominate the distemper segment. The company operates around the world on its own and also through its three subsidiaries Berger International Limited. mutual funds and insurance companies hold 13. Domestic banks.The next largest shareholders are the foreign institutional investors (19. has been growing at a rate of above 15% for the past few years. estimated to be a Rs.8 per cent of the equity stake).5 per cent stake).The company aims to become one of the top five decorative paint companies in the world and has embarked on an aggressive strategy of expanding its global operations. whereas the unorganized players take care of the remaining 35%. Corporate bodies and non-resident Indians hold the remaining stake. followed by Indian public (16. in value terms.5 per cent stake). financial Institutions.over 65 countries. The promoters hold the majority stake in the company (46.Apco Coatings and SCIB Chemicals.21. The organized players of the industry cater to about 65% of the overall demand.4 per cent stake. industry. namely  Decorative segment – caters to the housing sector and .

Globally. In the domestic market. floor coatings and other protective coatings catering to the automobile. where both the segments account for close to 50% of demand. Decorative segment accounts for 70% of the total demand for paints whereas the industrial segment accounts for the remaining 30%. INDIAN PAINT INDUSTRY DECORATIVE SEGMENT (70%) INDUSTRIAL SEGMENT (30%) .consists of powder coatings. the demand for paints is almost equally distributed. Industrial segment . marine and other industries.

how does the industry work? Here is the analysis…. OTHER OEMs METROS AND LARGE CITIES SMALL CITIES SUB URBAN AND RURAL AREAS So.PREMIUM RANGE (HIGH END ACRELYC EMULSION) MEDIUM RANGE (ENAMEL PAINTS) DISTEMPER RANGE (LOW END PAINTS) AUTOMOTI VE SECTOR (2/3 rd SHARE) CONSUMER DURABLES. The working of the Paint industry has been explained pictorially below: . MARINE PAINTS.

Apart from these a large number of other raw materials are used for adding/giving specific properties to the wide product range offered by the industry.Raw Materials: On an average. consumer durables . Crude oil derivatives are the other major raw materials and have similar impact. raw materials constitute ~56% of the total expenditure in paint companies. Titanium dioxide is one of the major raw materials and price fluctuations in its cost have direct and substantial impact on the cost of production. End-User: The decorative paints segment products find use in households and construction whereas the industrial segment products find use in automotive industry.

industry and other MANUFACTURER). This is mainly due to its strong moat (competitive advantage) which lies in its strong Brand Equity and an extensive Distribution Network. Also the company‘s debt is very low and its ROIC has been 40% on an average over the last six years. It is the subsidiary of Kansai Paints Ltd. Kansai Nerolac holds the second position in the Indian Paint market. Berger paints has the third position and derives its major revenue from the Decorative segment. and is the market leader in the Industrial Paint Segment. 27% and 28% respectively. the leading Japanese paint company. Shalimar Paints is at the fifth position. it has outperformed its peers in every aspect by wide margins. Akzo Nobel (former ICI Paints) is the subsidiary of the world‘s largest Paint Company and is at the fourth position. The company‘s Net sales.. owing to its leadership position in the Automobile Paint segment. OEM‘s (ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT Asian Paints is the market leader in the Indian Paint Industry and gets the major portion of its revenue from the Decorative segment. Net Profit and Book Value have grown with a 5 year CAGR of 22%. Main Concerns Of The Paint Industry . Over the years.

• MNC‘s entering the Indian Paint Market: The entry of Established foreign players in the Indian market may increase the competition among the players of the industry. a large portion of raw materials are imported. Fluctuation in the prices of Titanium dioxide and Petroleum directly affect the production cost. This may lead to price competition which may impact the profit margin of the companies.• Cost of raw materials: The Cost of Raw materials is an important factor as the industry is raw material intensive. the increase in volume growth may not equally reflect in the profit growth for the companies. As a result. . Also. leaving the cost factor vulnerable to exchange rate fluctuation. as it is comparatively easier to pass on the costs in case of decorative paints. This is more of a concern for the Industrial segment as compared to the Decorative Segment.

Top Paint Brands In India Goodlass Nerolac : . They are the second largest company in India in the decorative segment with a market share of around 20%. Ltd. acquired entire share capital of Gahagan Paints in 1933 and thus. which is the largest paint manufacturing company in Japan and among the top ten coating companies of the world. three British companies merged to formulate Lead Industries Group Ltd. They are the leaders in powder coatings. This company started in 1920 as Gahagan Paints and Varnish Co. In 1933. Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd is a subsidiary of Kansai Paint Company Limited. Goodlass Wall (India) Ltd. Goodlass Wall . Ltd. 925 crores. at Lower Parel in Bombay. was known as Goodlass Wall Pvt. with a human asset of over 1900 professionals and a sales turnover of Rs. In 1930. Subsequently. Goodlass Wall (India) Ltd. by 1946. It is the market leader in the industrial paint segment supplying over 90% of the requirements and has planned to increase its presence in the decorative segment through aggressive new product development and brand building. In 1957.This company‘s paint decors every third car in the country. was born. Lead Industries Group Ltd.

In 1986. grew popular as Goodlass Nerolac Paints (Pvt.) Ltd. In 1999. During this journey..I.This company started in 1947 as British Paints when it acquired Hadfield's (India) Limited. a paint company that produced 150 tonnes of ready mixed stiff paints.. Also.Pvt.Sales offices were opened in Delhi and Mumbai . Ltd. it went public in the same year and established itself as Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. Japan took over the entire stake of Tata Forbes group. Japan and Nihon Tokushu Toryo Co.. Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. Japan for different products. Ltd. USA and Oshima Kogya Company Ltd. Nerolac has entered into technical collaborations with other industry leaders such as E.. In 1983. Kansai Paints Company Ltd. Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. Japan. turned into a joint venture of the Tata Forbes and the Kansai Paints with the latter acquiring 36% of its share capital. Du-Pont de Nemours & Company Inc. Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd. strengthened itself by entering in technical collaboration agreements with Kansai Paints Co. Ltd. became a part of the Tata Forbes Group on acquisition of a part of the foreign shareholdings by Forbes Gokak. In 1976.. varnishes and distempers. Berger Paints:.

UK was acquired by Celanese Corporation. the foreign holding of the Company was reduced from 60% to 45% through a Public issue. Euro N. By 1959. The Company declared its first dividend and shifted the H.O. U. With that.. the controlling interest of British Paints (India) Limited passed on to Cel. to 32. A year later the foreign holding was diluted to below 40% by sale of a portion of the shares to the UB Group. Sales rose to Rs. Holland.A. As a result. the name of the Company was changed to Berger Paints India Limited (BPIL) and by this time the Berger's operations were divisionalized into the Retail Business Line (RBL) and the Industrial Business Line (IBL) in order to better cater to the needs of the customers. Chowringhee Road. the Company entered the Synthetics Paints market. During this period many new products were launched like "Luxol Silk" the first premium emulsion in . By 1965 British Paints (Holdings) Limited. UK.and in 1951 a depot was started in Guwahati.V. Calcutta. In 1975. In 1983. S. In 1969 Celanese Corporation sold their interest in the Indian Company to Berger Jenson Nicholson Limited.60 lakhs in 1952. modernization of the Howrah Factory was completed and the first Resin Plant commissioned.

The latter half of the nineties saw Berger attain the ISO .9000 certification (1996) and establishment of Berger's Quality Management System. K S Dhingra. by Mr. Viton Refinish for cars. was introduced marking one of the first steps into painting related services. Berger Paints Home Decor a complete painting solution service was launched making painting a hassle free activity for consumers. An illusion multichrome finishes was also introduced as "designer finishes for walls" allowing consumers to transform . As part of its expansion program. Color Bank tinting system was also launched through which the consumer can select from a range of over 5000 colors and which are then made available in minutes. In 1991. a service aimed at providing paint and application related information to professionals. The sales of the company touched 276 crores by 1995-96.India. Mr. the stake of the UB Group in the Company was purchased. Bison Acrylic Distemper and Rangoli Acrylic Emulsion. In 1990‘s. ‗Berger Pro Links‘. a new paint-manufacturing unit at Pondicherry was commissioned in early 1997. G S Dhingra and their associates.

as a part of a restructuring exercise ICI had exited or was planning to exit from several non-core businesses. By 1997. and Other Products 4%. ICI:. chlorine. caustic soda. ICI had created six subsidiary companies in businesses such as research. ICI (India) ranked No.. In 1984. polyester fiber. paints. agro-chemicals. in 1929. seeds. During its 70 years in India. In 1923.their walls into fashion statements. urea. (India) was incorporated and the company's name was subsequently changed to Imperial Chemical Industries (India) Ltd. polyurethane. explosives. and surfactants. all ICI companies consolidated in one of the largest mergers in Indian corporate history. 4 in the paint business. specialty chemicals.ICI India was the subsidiary of the $15 billion British multinational company ICI Plc. This is a first for the Indian paint industry. opened a trading office to sell alkalis and dyes in Calcutta. pharmaceuticals. Brunner Mond & Co. rubber chemicals. Brunner Mond & Co. Explosives 28%. Pharmaceuticals 8%.. The 1996 sales break up was as follows: Paints 43%. one of the four Companies that combined to form ICI in UK in 1926. nitrocellulose. Rubber chemicals 17%. .

They invested $11 million in a new decorative paints plant near Bombay and were constructing a $16. ICI identified paints as a thrust area and was aggressively moving to improve their position. ICI (India)‘s turnover in 1996-97 was $180 million and paint amounted to $77. Goodlass Nerolac Paints and Berger Paints. . envisaged a strategy based on acquisitions. Till the advent of World War II. The ‗10X Plan‘. and some small. Unlike the other paint companies ICI (India) was a diversified unit and paint constituted 43% of its net sales. Its beginning can be traced to the setting up of a factory by Shalimar Paints in Kolkata in 1902.7 million plant for industrial paints near Chandigarh in North India. ICI (India) intends to go on an offensive with a target of achieving ten-fold growth in 10 years. as it was called. THE INDIAN PAINT INDUSTRY The paint industry of India is 100 years old. the industry consisted of just a few foreign companies.4 million.after Asian Paints. take-over and alliances.

they remain active contestants. In terms of volume. The industry is not capital intensive. Even now. high during festival seasons. Nevertheless. With more income at their disposal. people are now ready to pay for better products and paint is no exception. the industry has a sales turnover of about Rs.3. The demand for paints is fairly price-elastic and is linked to economic and industrial growth. The war led to a temporary stoppage of imports leading to many more local entrepreneurs setting up manufacturing facilities. Demand is somewhat seasonal in nature-low during monsoon months. Increasing level of income and education – The increasing proportion of young population along with increasing disposable incomes is leading to a change in consumer habits. though their foreign shareholdings stand reduced. Drivers to the growth of the Paint Industry 1. The organised sector controls 70 per cent of the total market.indigenous producers. foreign companies continued to dominate the industry. the organised and the unroganised. It is however working capital intensive. it corresponds to 5 lakh tonnes. with two of them having become totally Indian. . Currently. The Indian economy is shifting from a savings economy to a spending economy. 600 crore. consisting of 2000 odd small-scale units. The industry is composed of two sectors. The remaining 30 per cent is in the hands of the unorganised sector.

Educated consumers are more brand conscious and seek value in what they consume. This calls for more houses being painted using medium and premium paints. 2. Thus. This will lead to an increase in the per capita consumption of paint which will increase the overall demand of paint. These valueadded products enable the manufacturers to earn a better premium as compared to the regular paints. interior design is becoming a fashion statement and a lot of paint is used to decorate the interiors. will attract more demand. weather protection. Increasing share of organized sector: Decrease in taxes on key raw materials will improve the position of the organized players. paint companies offering value-added features like non-toxicity. More nuclear families mean more number of houses even for the existing population thus further driving the demand. Urbanization also brings more nuclear families. Urban houses are well-designed in its interior as well as exterior aspect. . texture. Increasing Urbanization: Urbanization is leading to a shift from temporary houses to permanent houses. etc. ecofriendly production. 3. thus offering higher margins. For urban houses.

The Organized sector is expanding its distribution network and adopting the installation of tinting machines at retail outlets. Automobile and Infrastructure sector: The growth of the paint industry is largely dependent on the development of the realty and housing sector. as decorative segment generates about 70% of the total paint demand from this sector. These tinting machines offer a wide variety of colour shade options to choose from. The unorganized players are not in a position to offer such facility as it is comparatively capital intensive. The Infrastructure segment creates direct demand for paints as well as creates indirect demand through supporting the growth of the realty. 4. automobile. and hence is the growth driver for Industrial Paints. from distemper segment towards premier segment is also shifting market share from the unorganized sector to the organized sector. Development of the Realty. Shift in use. . The Automobile segment generates more than twothird of the demand for Industrial paints. FMCG and other industries where paint is used.

Availability of financing options: Easier housing finance and auto finance is expected to favour more people to buy houses and travel in personal vehicles.The growth potential in the above 3 sectors is immense. which is dependent on the monsoons. With the development of irrigation facility. Demand in rural areas is dependent on agriculture. Increasing Penetration in the Rural Markets: Paint usage in rural areas is generally in the distemper segment. the paint industry being dependent on these 3 sectors is expected to grow along with them. of which the Paint industry will get its share. 5. 6. This will drive the growth of housing and automobile sector. hence dominated by the unorganized players. the dependence of .

Also. . consumer preferences are expected to improve. Paint companies are expanding their distribution network in rural parts of India. with the modernization of agriculture and accompanying development of rural India. These factors supported by the increasing penetration of the paint companies will help drive the demand for paints. which is a relatively untapped market for the organized players.agricultural output on monsoons will be on a decreasing trend.

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• AP went retail.) Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd.Distribution Strategy • AP bypassed the bulk buyer segment and went to individual consumers of paints. Others 25% 38% 6% 8% 9% 14% . • AP voted for nationwide marketing / distribution Market Share of Decorative Paints Asian Paints (India) Ltd. ICI India (Ltd. Shalimar Paints Ltd. Berger Paints (India) Ltd. • AP went in for an open-door dealer policy. • AP went slow on urban areas and concentrated on semiurban and rural areas.

of brands -all segments  Brands -quite powerful  high quality MR & MIS . 90% accuracy in forecasting. no.  >50 yrs -leader  Widest product range -product shades. 100 fastest moving Stock Keeping Units.COMPETETIVE ADVANTAGE PROFILE : Marketing Factors  Market leader -38% share in organized sector. monitored daily  Countrywide distribution (29 plants in 22 countries) . .  Asian Paints is more than twice the size of its nearest competitor. wide colours .pack sizes  40 different decorative paints -1000 shades. 8 different sizes in packing.

 Finesse in production planning . 140 packing material vendors. –high reliability  Four production location –spread benefits. Physical distribution far superior to competitors  strong in inventory control (18 processing centres. 350 raw material and intermediate goods suppliers.matching with marketing requirements  In-house production –outsourcing suppliers – superior quality assurance.scheduling . 72 depots are integrated) Manufacturing/Operations factors :  Size advantage in relation to competitors. 6 regional distribution centres. Human Resources :  Asian Paints believes that people are its strongest assets  HIGH calibre  A talent pool of over 4700 employees employed across 23 countries bring in a unique blend of mindsets and skills .

 It consists of 140 strong R&D team consisting of 7 doctorates and around 115 qualified scientists. and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution from SAP. R&D plays an important role in developing new products and innovations. . has always backed the company's business plan and demands of the market place. Research & Development :  At Asian Paints.  Customer Relations Management (CRM) tools are being used in Asian Paints Helpline and Home Solutions initiatives  Improve efficiency in the business as well as increase the transparency and accuracy of information across the country. and reducing costs by value re-engineering of formulations. Excellent training is provided to develop leaders and restrengthen competencies from within the organisation Information Technology :  Asian Paints is the only company in India to have integrated Supply Chain Management (SCM) Solution from i2 Technologies.

. This has been achieved by the installation of upgraded effluent treatment facilities and installation of reverse osmosis plants in conjunction with appropriate recycling and reuse schemes. It has ISO 14001 certification for environment management standards. It has adopted the principles of "green productivity". It has achieved 'zero industrial discharge' capability. Asian Paints' R&D team has successfully managed to develop High-end exterior finished and wood finishes inhouse. It attempt is to reuse. the material losses in manufacturing have been reduced substantially over the last few years. ENVIRONMENT AND SAETY :      Asian Paints approaches the environment issue from the perspective of waste minimisation and conservation of resources. Improved incinerating systems and reverse osmosis. Our emulsion manufacturing facility has also achieved 'zero waste' status. Accordingly. solvent recovery plants have been set up which has resulted in zero reduction of solvent disposal . bulk storage facility for monomers which reduces wastage. which results in less and less waste being generated. Some of its innovative schemes which enhance green productivity are dealer tinting systems which has resulted in large batch sizes . recycle and eliminate waste. Use of natural gas which is a cleaner fuel .

 The "Sword of Honour". instituted by the BSC. A product distribution plan is integral to the marketing strategy an organization sets to manufacture top-quality items that clients relish and can afford. We accept Zero Defect as a quality absolute. We will organise our work practices to do a job right the first time. every time. every time. is recognized the world over as the pinnacle of achievement in safety management systems. QUALITY POLICY:     We shall provide products and services that meet stated standards on time. . We are committed to continuous improvement in quality in all business processes and shall track such improvement through measurable indicators. and shall design and operate our quality system accordingly. Product Distribution & Implementation Strategy A company formulates and implements a product distribution strategy to make more money and ensure that clients have timely access to goods. The business also draws up the outline to quell or limit rivals' commercial aspirations.

 A product strategy deals with the thinking process corporate management goes through to foster innovation in departments as varied as research and development (R&D). Distribution Policy Distribution policies cover various conduits and tools an organization uses to convey its products from corporate warehouses to retail centers and wholesale platforms. These include neighborhood plazas. The whole idea is not to give competitors a free pass and let them get a leg up against the business in terms of logistical superiority and quickness in goods distribution. along with the tools the corporation relies on to implement that vision. In the blueprint. shopping malls and department stores. defines prototypes that R&D engineers must work on. how it selects the best and quickest intermediaries. Product positioning touches on the way a business wants the public to perceive its items and services.  To implement product strategies and distribution tactics. discusses positioning issues with marketing personnel and asks shipping and logistics professionals to weigh in on item marketability and shipping convenience. marketing and logistics. corporate personnel heed such factors as nature of goods. and how it prevents goods decay and equipment obsolescence throughout the distribution spectrum. whether it uses exclusive or non-selective distribution models. These policies touch on how a business limits money it pays in product distribution. top leadership analyzes market trends and customer needs. client . sales.

For example. Occupational Safety and Health Administration edicts. corporate branding and future profitability.may bring more shipping costs into the distribution equation. Connection  Discussions about product strategy. distribution tactics and implementation considerations generally fall under the broader topics of corporate strategy and marketing management. Geography -.or permanent -. These professionals help a company facilitate the shipping and maintenance of materials to distribution centers or other temporary -. distance -. geography and regulatory compliance -.S.storage facilities. top leadership heeds these concepts when formulating plans for sales growth.in other words.preferences. Although they're distinct terms. Regulatory compliance often is cardinal in distribution strategy implementation. perishable goods mandate that a logistics company deliver them as early as possible or set proper conservation procedures to prevent outright decay or gradual putrefaction.all of which figure in the policy book of supply chain management (SCM) specialists. For example. the transportation of hazardous materials calls for compliance with U. . The nature of goods involved in SCM processes is essential. because a shipping business may need to adopt specific procedures to conform to government directives.

D." . Ph. the first thing you must do is create a demand for those products.. It's imperative to know how you will satisfy the demand for your product once you have created desire in the hearts of your consumers. assistant professor of clinical marketing at the University of California teaches that cost is the leading factor in determining distribution. the marketing budget and the way the product is marketed. He says. The Importance of Product Distribution Strategy A thorough product distribution strategy attempts to define the cost-variables involved in getting your products from creation to consumption. The method of distribution will impact the actual retail price of the product. the profit margin. Planning your product distribution strategy should be considered during the product development stage.Product Distribution Strategy When selling products is your business' main purpose. "Cost has to be traded off against speed of delivery and intensity. Lars Perner. The second is getting those products into consumers' hands.

Set up market research opportunities to find out how the customer prefers to receive the product. Creating a Product Distribution Strategy  Keep an open mind on new possibilities in distribution and changes that may impact current distribution structures. Adopt the ones that work and discard or improve the ones that don't. Distribution channel partnerships requires both the manufacturer and the distribution partners to take a larger stake in one another's survival.Exclusive Distribution Strategy  Exclusivity is a strategy often used to establish a particular image of a product or brand. Get the opinions of distribution partners. Consider parallel distribution opportunities and joint promotion partnerships. Using a limited number of distribution channel partners helps to create an image of exclusivity. It's also a measure of quality control by using only distributors who specialize within that industry. . Examine competitors' strategies and compare them to your own.

Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Supply Chain Management (SCM) is the management of the inter-connectivity between suppliers, manufacturing and corporate customers. It addresses the movement of all raw inventory, production in progress inventory and the end product from origin to consumption. According to management consulting firm R. Michael Donovan & Co., supply chain management "sees all suppliers and customers as part of one complex supply chain network and understands that transforming that supply chain into a synchronized chain is the primary goal." Lean Supply Chain Management (LSCM)

Lean Supply Change Management (LSCM) is Supply Change Managment coupled with continuous and ongoing process improvement methodology to ensure supply chain management systems always runs at peak efficiency. LSCM touches all aspects of a corporate supply chain from procurement, manufacturing, warehousing and transportation.

Asian Paints Distribution Strategies Asian Paints is a leading company in the paint industry in India. While it has grown from a relatively small, decorative paint company to a large business that has a vast consumer customer base, the company's methods of distribution and marketing have only changed slightly over the years. The basic distribution and marketing strategies are still similar to the initial strategies used when Asian Paints first opened its doors.

Wide Range of Products

Asian Paints used the strategy of offering a wide range of products to push competitors to the side and become the leading Indian company in decorative paint. Companies that have a larger selection available for clients or customers are more likely to retain those clients and customers than companies which are limited and do not have the color choices. By offering a wide range of products, Asian Paints has been able to broaden its customer base. Automated Machines at Distributors Technology is a large part of Asian Paints' distribution success. According to a distribution strategy case study of Asian Paints, the company provided automated machines that mixed paint colors at the distributors to allow customers and consumers more range in color and more options. These machines use technology to produce colors that otherwise are unavailable, resulting in a wider range of selection.

Distribute to Rural Areas

A big problem with paint companies in India was a competitive market in the large cities, where distribution was relatively easy and the risks were low. Asian Paints started by working from the rural areas, where distribution was a challenge and where the other companies had overlooked. Instead of focusing in cities and urban areas, Asian Paints focused on a national level and worked in until reaching the cities.

Focus on Emerging Markets

Expanding from India, Asian Paints started working on distributing decorative paints to emerging economies. It is a similar strategy to the initial strategy used in India, but it is now expanding to countries and locations outside of India. Rather than distribute to economies like the U.S., Asian Paints has turned its focus to customers in places like Singapore and Egypt. Market segmentation :

Asian Paints segment the market based on the usage : BRAND POSITIONING

It is how the Asian paints enabled people to form a mental image for their products in the customer‘s mind. The strategies that they followed where as follows,

Brand Image The ways in which Asian Paints attempted to meet the customer‘s psychological and social needs. This created a ―Brand Awareness‖ as a whole among the customers. Till 1990s people will just tell their budget for painting their house to their contractors. Royale interior emulsion. which became their mother brand. During that period Asian Paints analyzed the customer market and found that people where not brand conscious but their concern was only the price of the paint. To meet this needs of the customer • Asian paints reduced the cost of the raw materials by backward integration in order to reduce the cost of the paints • Established an advertising strategy with created an emotional touch among the customers All these strategies helped them in creating a ―Brand Image‖ for their products among people and people started realizing the need for brand conscious in this industry. And few customers will also mention the colour they need. Apcolite and Touch wood had high recall among the customers. Therefore they decided to promote the brand as a whole.Indian paint industry is a low involvement industry. Umbrella Brand In 2004 the company realized that though they have almost 20 brands only few products like Apex emulsion. . to create a corporate image and the various products under their Umbrella Brand ―Asian Paint‖.

Asian Paints can also afford to move forward from a mere functional platform for each individual product to the high ground of a mood-based emotional dimension. Rather than spread resources thinly across brands and sub-brands. Tractor will represent the "value for money" brands. a company centric portfolio can synergize communication efforts. such as television." Some key brand names are being retained for the time being--to signal a position in the market rather than a product or surface. rather consumers will be buying "Asian Paints. Asian Paints has embarked on an umbrella branding policy encompassing all its products and services. The project includes a new visual identity that establishes the company name as the dominant reason for purchase. For instance. Tractor. traditional mass media. Utsav and Apcolite names are no longer the focus on the can. .Brand Portfolio: It was realized that instead of spending on individual brands and in promoting them it was logical to promote their corporate image and allthe brands under their umbrella brands ―. To be competitive in a world of fragmentation and rising costs. Royale... The immediate advantage is obvious. can be prohibitively costly. With the umbrella-branding move.

to their products. the underlying theme is "har ghar kuchh kehta hai. Asian paints has thelargest sells in Decorative paints Asian paints annually spends on an average Rs325 Cr on its selling & marketingexpenses. It givers us an idea about the effort the . company has connected all colour world installations with Asian Paint‘s main sys tem through software & providingcomputes to dealers. This is speeding up order execution.In order to provide better consumer service. Market Share Analysis The market share clearly shows that Asian paint is the leader in Indian paint industry. Through thiscompany is also getting a lot of data related to the customers need & appreciations of the products." or "every home has something to say.An Underlying Theme At Asian Paints. which is the leader in the decorative coatings market in India. electronic banking will speedup recovery & money transfer. Accessibility of Asian paints to the customers : Asian paints have started a 24 hours customer help centre at Hyderabad. and will carry through various messages emanating from the company.The nearest competitors of Asian paints are Nerolac & Barger paints. It is informationto consumers to answer their needs for any query related." The depth and texture visualized by this line goes into the customer's basic psyche of owning a home.

This appreciation by the customers helped Asian paints to become the number one paint company in India.resulting in quick response to meet the needs.company put on expanding its market inall segments. ANSOFF Matrix Asian Paint‘s value for the customers was build through innovative package (size). other than normal paint in houses. Marriage ceremony. smaller packages and computerized communication networks.Now with a large market share .distribution . customers are verychoosy & brand specific.they have strong distribution network even in metros. With increasing volumes in chosen segments Asian Paints achieved economies of scale for cost leadership . distribution & packaging . Dewalior any other special occasions. .In 1970‘s they decide to computerize and network their 30 depots round the country . 1. Asian paints differentiation strategy starts from market segment. product diversification also included industrial paints . They diversified into manufacturing raw materials for paints. and communication . 2.to provide proper feedback of market needs .When customers buy the products of Asian paints – As the customers normallyuses the products of Asian paints on certain occasions like. They planned a new distribution structure .With their dominant position they diversified in product range as also market and geographic segment.

Their R&D has developed new products to later to industrial & scientific segments . With liberalized economy more international brands are likely to enter the Indian markets as entry barriers are low in the Paint Industry.increase the number of depots for covering the entire country advertise separately for each market segment & average continuous market research to enhance their competitive advantage. they enjoyed double the market share than their nearest competitor . Asian Paints went to backward vertical integration by getting into manufacturing raw materials for paints. With 27% market share. To keep their dominant position Asian Paints should pursue vigorous R & D for innovative products . .In order to maintain this leadership position they have drawn up the following strategy. The paint industry is in growth stage in India as construction activity has a high priority.Asian paints strategy of quick response translates into supplying 95% of the order supply in 48 hrs which is a positive competitive advantage .

DISTRIBUTION Asian paints have an extensive distribution channel through out the country.Servicing has been key competitive advantage. Distributionsystem at Asian paints : 1.Multiplant Distribution setup. Neither geographic nor product specific. Offers flexibility & variable cost advantages 2. Itused to maintain unique channel from the manufacturer to the customer. .

Around 15000 sales location.40 dealers serviced from around 85 4. .A s i a n p a i n t s a l s o i m p l e m e n t e d 1 2 s o l u t i o n s t o i n c r e a s e i t s n e t w o r k i n g s & solutions.3. which cater 55 deposits.Role of distribution department is to ensure timely product availability at theselocations at minimum cost. which helps them tomonitor constantly & has given benefits in streamlining the distribution channel. which is a very good replacement of ERP.Asian paint implemented & concisely improving its IT systems over the years. Ithas already linked all sites & Depots through V-SAT technology. To enhance their marketing in rural sector a huge amount investmentis made in adcampaign and demonstration cum sales technique is going on. Asian paint is highly accepted in the urban sector a n d n o w t h e company is trying to access the rural market with low price product like Utsavtargeting every customer of all income level.The company ahs 4 manufacturing facilities & more than 2800 stock ke eping units(SKUs) These are supported by 6 regional distribution centers.Each depot is having branch manager for supervision over more than 15000 dealers inmore than 3500 small & big cities in India.

Programme Objective . Asian paints international unit. Asian paint is following unlque strategy of marketing in the ruralareas by using their official mascot. According to the company it feels that picture are more dominant than name.To increase its sales in the urban sector Asian paints today have 30colour world located in different cities of India where any body can have thereal taste of the colour. which have a dedicated marketing teamis also targeting for a rapid growth in overseal market. Asian paint website Asian paints com provides several informationregarding the product and various other information that is being required bycustomer and dealer. Asian paint is concentrating on the development of technological intheir industrial coating so that to make the product more stronger positon inthe market. Asian paint is now targeting to provide paint solution with insurance. Online marketing has become an integrated part of the company andcompany is trying install a strong integrated for online marketing. And do it they are following the product with huge ad compaign.

Asian paintinvesting a huge amount of fun in R & D sector for Quality and the technologicaldevelopment of product so that it compets globally. Here the company frames the strategy about the products related issue andvarious other thing relating to the business. Product : Asian paint details with product that is (i) Decorative (ii) Industrial (iii)Automative. Asian paints distribution channel extends to the thirtystate of India.Programme objective is one of the main objective of thecompany. Asian . of retailer. Price : the price range of Asian paint varies according to the product. In decorative segment company has a wide range of product from low price19 to high price low price product like utsav which is basically targeted to the rural customer and high price product Apex cefirma for exterior and interior emulsion. The product that is supplied to therural area have low price range. product peace and promotion. Where as in the urban sector some of the high price product circulates. Place : Asian paint is available to all types of customer and the main advantage of theAsian paint is that it is easily accessible to its customer. At present there are 20.000dealer and a large no. Asian paint hadalways a stragegy in domination in the rural sector. Most of the company follows the 4‘P‘s policynamely price.

the position of the competitor. Middleeast Asia and south pacific. Thr ough Asian paints is the largest paintcompany still under circumstances it will have to go for some strategy alternatives.Alternatives available : 1. id etc. occasionslike puja. when we consider the decorative segments. So there is always a possibility of ups & downs in the business. Promotion : Asian paint follow good promotional strategy regarding their sales of the product.As Asian paints market is mainly the decorative segment so a downfall in thatmarket will lead .20 MARKETING STRATEGY STRA TEGYALTERNATIVES : The prospect of a paint company has many dependence like weather.e. Their promotional strategy are made looking at the different category of the product and price associated with it. It also invest a huge amount of funds in the advertising sector for the promotion of this product. In urban areas Asian paint established colour worldwhere the customer can enjoy the taste real colour while in rural sector it follow salesdemonstration programme along with van displaying the product of Asian paint in therural market.paints is also exporting to contrites like Caribbean. Besides this there is another very importantfactor i. Africa.

w h i c h r e s u l t s t o increase the price of paints. 4. became export of paints to the foreign countries will contribute a lot. 6.Increasing the product package & application oriented service will make companydifferent from others. 3.A strong post sales service division will b e a n i m p o r t a n t f a c t o r i n b u i l d i n g customer loyalty. 8. With all countries in southeast Asia beginning to adhere to the ASEAN free tradeArea (AFTA) that will reduce trade barriers for paints & coatings. 7.Lastly but not the least price of oil i s i n c r e a s i n g d a y b y d a y . 2. Tie up with automobile sector with strong appearance will be effective.As there is every possibility that conventional coatings are likely to lose some share – ecofriendly coasting is going to be very good alternatives. 5.the company in trouble them it immediate focus will turn to theIndustrial segment. A reduce indomestic market share of Asian paints then will not be a constant for growth. If this can be controlled by stocking oil .Importance on water based paints may recover a poor situation created due to sustain poor weather condition in some region.

The branches service the dealers and customers in their territories. which cater to 55 depots. The marketing organisation of the company is presented in Exhibit 4.500 big and small cities all .or directlylinking up with foreign cheap refineries so as get oil at least available price. Each depot has a branch manager for supervision of several salespersons who cater to more than 14.000 odd distinct items necessitated a matching marketing organisation structure. AP set up a marketing organisation consisting of four regional sales offices. These are supported by six regional distribution centres. It can be seen from the chart that a very extensive structure has been created in the consumer division.21 AP creates a Marketing Organisation that Matched its Distribution Intensity Effective control of the large number of depots. Each branch sales office has its own depots and the various items are stocked in the depots under the control of the concerned branches. each having substantial stocks of 2. It is primarily meant for taking care of the massive distribution task involved in this sector. 35 branch sales offices and a large number of sales supervisors and sales representatives spread all over the country.500 dealers in the more than 3.

Of these. for AP. the most important one.000 dealers in 3. As a result. And. AP Successfully Resolves the Cost-Service Conflict in Distribution Managing the cost-service conflict was the main challenge that AP faced in the implementation of its distribution strategy. AP met this challenge successfully. Major part of the sales take place in the second half of the financial year. As a result. Demand for decorative paints is characterised by seasonality. the costservice dilemma was no doubt. Demand drops during monsoons and picks up around a mouthand-a-half before the festive season. the distribution task gets tremendously extended and distribution cost becomes a significant business parameter. distribution cost becomes all the more significant. that is the aspect in which we are mainly interested in this study. Manufacturers have to carry huge inventories during the lean period. We have seen that AP has over 15. AP faced many challenges. AP caters to all of them directly.500 towns in India.over the country. .

AP‘s service level is more than 85 per cent whereas that of other large paint companies falls between 50 and 60 per cent. Interestingly. AP succeeded in this endeavour. Every firm has to face this cost-service dilemma and work out a compromise. we had seen that a cost-service dilemma is inherent in any physical distribution situation. In addition. AP took another basis decision. A high service level in physical distribution-in transportation. This meant a further rise in AP‘s physical distribution costs. The strategy adopted by AP necessitated expensive distribution.Naturally. distribution cost emerged as a major hurdle that AP had to cross. four factors stand out: . warehousing. order processing and inventories necessarily means a high level of costs. When we go in to the details as to how AP actually resolved the cost-service dilemma. it tried to contain the distribution costs. AP voted for a high service level and without compromising this service level. Service level is measured in terms of the number of stock keeping units (SKUs) available in stock as a percentage of the number of SKUs that should have been in stock. AP had to resolve this cost-service conflict. It went in for a very high service level in distribution. In the chapter on Physical Distribution and Logistics Management.

These capabilities will enable close to real time. basically when you are in the manufacturing industry. The demand of paint is very high in the market because of customer choice become broad and they give more priority to the decorative paints and also the real estate is booming sector. A strong commitment to distribution cost control. So providing the right product at right time to the right person is very important in today scenario. as these two companies are doing well for their supply chain management to be good for the market so that they don‘t have any problem in future in inventory management and logistic management. The supply chain system includes supply chain process management or event management capabilities. event based escalation of relevant pieces of information through the organization to . without compromising service level  Effective inventory management  Effective control of credit outstanding  IT initiatives in support of distribution cost control Conclusion The supply chain is very important aspect of the business.

an examination of the possibility of replacing the material. Real-time visibility of the supply chain. As in one of the previous chapters we have seen that the controlling of such a huge bunch of products is very difficult and is not possible to attain a optimal formula to get all the products at the right time. key decisions will be made by cross-functional teams. potentially systemrecommended. . or an assessment of the impact on downstream value chain coupled with an evaluation of alternate suppliers. at the right place and also at the right price. could involve the following options: confirmation of the event with the supplier. combined with a monitoring and an event-management system. which is one of the key area‘s on which the paint company works. will increase the proportion of decisions that are taken preemptively to minimize unintended consequences or exploit unforeseen situations. Increasingly. Resulting strategies.appropriate individuals. chosen explicitly with the right skill set mix. and sometimes assembled just for the purpose of solving the problem at hand.

This has also been proved scientifically also that the colors that are surrounding us have a major effect. This should be done as a person is spending most of the time in a day in his office or at his home and he is only able to see the colors of the walls. in fact the industry should try and make paint as a product that should be a part of a person‘s life. . Effective management of supply chains will occur through the deployment of integrated organizational team structures at multiple levels—executive through senior and middle management—executed through physical and/or virtual facilities such as ―war rooms.The demands for supply chain efficiency will emphasize a combination of both centralized and decentralized structures and approaches—collaborative and centralized planning with decentralized execution—requiring real time visibility for monitoring and rapid response mechanisms for event-driven management involving close to real-time problem escalation and remediation.‖ The first area where the industry has to move is that they have to make the customer involved in the process of purchasing the products.

i. This will improve the reach of a company in the market and will create presence in the market. By creating the presence in the market a company can create fast turnover of the product. will also not affect the player. which will finally force the dealers to stock the product in the market.By doing the above they will first be able to create demand in the market. which mainly runs on the rebates base. This is needed because of the painter involvement in the final output of the product. If a painter works well on the paint then only the . The existing system of paint industry. the product will quickly get cleared from the dealers counter which will finally help the company to quicken the whole process and this will lead to an effective supply chain management. This company can very well forecast that what the market will be demanding in this particular period. this is because of the market demand that is been created in the mind of a customer. A company if have the fast moving of the products from the counter can even plan things in a better manger as on the forecasting front. For getting best results of the promotions a company also needs to educate the customer as to how to use the products.e.

This is needed as that by improving the whole class of painters one is improving the whole paint industry. As also been discussed earlier that if a painter uses 3rd grade paint in a proper manner and a 1st grade paint in not a proper manner then he will be able to get a better result from the 3rd grade paint. These two services that are been provided by these the companies. provides all the painting services to the customer. In addition to educating the customer a company also needs to educate the painters in a better manner.paint will give the best result. To improve this some of the companies have taken the initiative as by introducing Home Décor by Berger Paints and Home Solutions by Asian Paints. This service starts from giving quotation to the . Painters are the first point of interaction for the paint industry. even to many they are the only level of interaction for getting the work done. This is the reason that a company needs to educate the customer also so that the customer will be well equipped to supervise the whole process and will be able to notice about the mistakes made by the painter. a big initiative is to be taken as to make a better class of painters in the country.

customer to shifting the stuff back to the places where it was before the painting work started. This is one of the most important focuses of the supply chain management. This all will be take n care by a well-educated executive of the company. . By providing all these services companies are trying to improve the customer satisfaction by getting the products from a company.

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