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QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1.

Urges the monitoring by sovereign governments of the sale of any isotopes capable of causing radiological terror through a nuclear or dirty bomb; Reaffirming the role of the IAEA in promoting the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes; Realising the dangerous nature of using enriched nuclear materials classified as weapons-usable for civilian purposes; Regarding the free flow of highly-enriched nuclear materials in black markets around the world as a serious global threat; Noting that fissile materials enriched to only a low degree suffice for civilian purposes; Appreciating that some circumstances involving scientific purposes such as research may require the small-scale production and usage of highly enriched fissile materials; Applauding the current efforts undertaken by bodies including the IAEA and the NTI to combat nuclear terrorism; Respecting that countries should have a degree of confidentiality with regards to the disclosure of information regarding nuclear-related activities; Advocating that the United Nations as well as other relevant bodies should play an active role, due to their mission goal, to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war; Ascertaining the importance of preventing the information needed to construct a nuclear weapon or create weapons-grade fissile materials from falling into terrorist hands; SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 Recognizing the rising significance of nuclear terrorism as a global threat; Acknowledging that the usage of radioactive materials for civilian purposes provides openings for the materials necessary for nuclear terrorism to fall into terrorist hands; Understanding the need for transparency with regards to act involving radioactive materials both within borders and on a transnational basis;

QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 c. b. b. SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 a. Recommends nations to monitor the transfer of the following isotopes capable of being made into a dirty bomb: americium-241, californium252, caesium-137, cobalt-60, iridium-192, plutonium-238, polonium-210, radium-226 and strontium-90; i) Promotes the creation of a country-wide database where all sales of these materials must be recorded; Requires nations to implement strict controls with regards to the trading and movement of fissile material, including thorium, caesium, plutonium and uranium, by: i) miscommunication; ii) iii) providing increased levels of security and subtlety for declaring planned international transactions to the United transactions within a nations borders; Nations Security Council so as to promote transparency with regards to the acquisition of fissile materials to a reasonable extent of detail; 2. Requires the strict regulation of the sale and trade of enriched and highly a. Urges the banning of the production and trading of highly enriched i) enriched uranium; Urges the improved security of facilities storing nuclear materials, i) Advocates that national governments oversee municipal in light of stolen materials appearing on the black market; governing bodies in matters involving the protection of fissile materials; Requires for any usage or preparation of highly enriched fissile materials for scientific and research purposes to be declared to the United Nations Security Council in advance; Recommends countries to declare current amounts of highly enriched fissile materials, in particular uranium; uranium for civilian usage; maintaining high standards of security and communication with regards to cross-border transactions to avoid problems caused by

QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 the NTPC; SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 3. Calls for international transparency when carrying out activities relating to radioactive material; a. Recommends that countries submit a brief record detailing all major activities relating to the use of special nuclear materials (i.e. fissile materials) for civilian/scientific usage; b. Calls for nations to immediately report any losses of control over fissile materials or significant amounts of radioactive materials in order for a cohesive global response to be formulated; 4. Stresses the importance of the protection of any and all information a. Urges that any countries possessing information regarding the relating to the nature and location of fissile materials; creation of a nuclear weapon or processes involved in creating weapons-grade fissile material take extra security measures to ensure that the information is not divulged; b. Stresses that Private Sector Organisations that handle nuclear stockpiles should have the right to speak at and consult the Subcommittee, to enhance cooperation between all organizations on this issue; 5. Advocates the establishment of a new sub-committee to be created under the Conference for Disarmament (the CD), to be called the UN Nuclear Terrorism Prevention Committee (UN NTPC), for the purpose of providing a platform for future discussions and collaborations regarding nuclear terrorism; a. Resolves to unify existing organisations acting against nuclear terrorism under a single umbrella organisation (to be referred to as the United Nations Alliance Against Radioactive Threats [UN AART]); i) ii) Recommends that the members of AART (be voted upon by Asks for tasks involving these organisations collected under the nations participating in the NTPC; AART to be shared between the organisations in a manner to be decided upon by

QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 6. regulations; iii) to regulations; e. Gives the member organisations of AART the right to speak alongside other nations in the NTPC; i) extends this right to allow members of AART to specifically focus designated discussions on issue they see as contentious; Urges for governments to recognise the growing significance of nuclear activities carried out by the private sector; requests that the AART advises the NPTC on these updates d. c. b. SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 iii) Requires for member organizations of AART to maintain communications between both themselves and related governmental and UN bodies; iv) Proposes that the NPTC be regularly used as a platform for debates between both member states and AART members Calls for individual states to settle radioactive material-related i) ii) the illegal obtaining or trade of radioactive materials or the obtaining of radioactive materials or SNMs from failed disputes through the NTPC, of which such discussions could involve: SNMs by terrorist organizations; states or collapsed governments; Requests the AART to act as a UN watchdog; i) Calls for the monitoring of both suspected nuclear terrorist

activities and public activities being carried out by governments, particularly those extending across borders; iv) of nuclear materials Promotes the NPTC as a platform for the discussion of the international regulations involving nuclear activities that could further the threat of nuclear terrorism; ii) recommends that the committee meet both in times of need as well as on a 2-year basis to discuss any changes that may be needed to global Recommends that the AART keep track of all trade records

QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 b. country; iv) v) urges countries to act upon any suspicious or seemingly urges the establishment of rules to govern physical mendacious activity as gleaned from the aforementioned reports; security of nuclear materials, civil and fissile, emphasizing these rules shall also govern Private Sector Organizations handling nuclear materials vi) urges countries to establish protocols to govern the transportation of nuclear materials Stresses the growing risk of a large black market in radioactive i) ii) monitoring all known and suspected illicit trading of allowing local task forces the ability to deal with of areas materials as a legitimate one, and urges countries to tackle this via: nuclear activity by members of the private sector; suspected to be involved in the illicit trading of radioactive materials through both force and technology; iii) offering local task forces a direct line to call the overarching government for support in the cases of suspected large volumes of the illegal trading of radioactive materials, in particular those where special nuclear materials may be involved or potential retaliation is suspected; iv) enforcing stricter border controls and security to prevent private-sector cross-border dealings and potentially devastating consequences that may arise from such transactions; SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 a. Requires regional bodies to regulate such activity through: i) ii) biannual basis; iii) requiring private sector companies to submit full and detailed reports on all aspects of their activity to the governing body of their collaborating with other member nations to create a regularly inspecting all private-sector facilities on a cohesive, well-defined set of restrictions to be placed upon the private sector;

QUESTION OF: Nuclear Terrorism SUBMITTER: United States SIGNATORIES: United Kingdom, Germany, Argentina, Israel, Turkey 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 8. e. SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1.5 v) providing customs and border control authorities with geiger counters and other detectors of radiation for the purpose of detecting radioactive materials; 7. Advocates the creation of a set of internationally recognised disasterresponse protocols for the purpose of preparing local authorities for cases of nuclear terrorism; a. Urges municipal governments to provide local authorities with the adequate materials and training to be able to cope with small-scale radiological terrorist attacks, including; b. Stresses the need for governments to provide their national defense systems with the tools necessary to deal with large-scale attacks on behalf on nuclear terrorists in terms of disaster relief in particular; c. d. Calls for neighbouring countries to offer assistance with recovery Recommends that plans of action be established regarding the i) recapture the nuclear materials ii)prevent radioactive leakage, both intentional or accidental, iii) prevent possible detonation, Recommends that countries collaborate to create such protocols; Decides to remain actively seized in the matter. in the times after nuclear terrorists attacks, should they occur; event of thievery of nuclear materials to