Ecopolis Grand Bazaar | Shopping Mall | Retail

DON HONORIO VENTURA COLLEGE OF ARTS AND TRADES

BACOLOR , PAMPANGA

“ EcoPolis Grand Bazaar “
( a self-efficient commercial centre )

A Thesis proposal presented to The Faculty and Jury of the Department of Architecture

In partial fulfilment Of the Requirements of the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Architecture

Prepared by: Amie T. Diamzon Gellyn T. David February 2009

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PREFACE OF FOREWORD

To conform with this year’s THEME: FURUCarc – Green Architecture, Green earth that deals with sustainable design.This proposed EcoPolis Grand Bazaar, A self-efficient Commercial centre respond with its own philosophy , “ Moving ahead towards green design to meet absolute stability for future generation. The project will be joining the existing ribbon of commercial establishments in the city Poblacion, at Tarlac City, Tarlac.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Our warmth gratitude to all the person behind the completion of this project, Ecopolis Grand Bazaar. To our Lord, you’ve always that wise guy above, thank you for the knowledge, courage, and strength you gave, for us to outlast all the trials and struggles in doing this project. To our parents with their undying support and never ending encouragement. Thank you, you are our inspiration. Also we would like to thank all the person, agency, and sources who gave us assistance in gathering all the data and information we need to make this project feasible and possible. Thank you to Mr. Roman Martinez III, of Municipality of Tarlac City Planning Department, Mr. Willie Caritativo of Tax Mapping Department , Mr. Rogelio Tanedo (member of Tarlac City TODA ) and all others. To our very supportive friends who accompanies us and gave us half of their lives just to make this thesis possible, thank you. To our adviser Architect Emiliano G. Clemente, thank you for the advice, suggestions and guides to improved our project. To our chairman Architect Ma. Christina D. Dungca. To our thesis chairman Architect Villamor M. Basillio. And to the member of Faculty and Jury.

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THANK

YOU

V E R Y M U C H!

DEDICATION
I dedicate this achievement to my supportive family especially to my loving parents, Mr. Jose Diamzon and Mrs. Leonila Diamzon, you’ve been there with me since day one of my journey in this field , thank you for the encouragement and moral support that make me keep going. Also this project is for all my thoughtful aunts who has been there for me when ever I need you, morally and financially , “ isang tawag lang yan.!.” For my Lola Rosa, who’s always been my fan ever since, thank you for the encouragement. To Ming ko , salamat.., for the never ending support and love..? Thank you for you believe in me, that is something that makes me stronger. And thank you now I believe in me. To my ever beautiful and sexy mare/thesis partner Gellyn ,thank you.. for you have been that patient to last my attitude, right..? well.., I know you have been used onto it, as our fave song said: “we’ve get the best of both worlds, Mix it all together,And you know that it's the best of both worlds…” Especially we wanted to dedicate this proposal to the generation comingnext to us…please be active in environmental awareness., Wake-up Honorians .,We're all In this together, It's our home, so let's take care of it, I know that you want to.., You know that you got to.., Tomorrow Becomes a new day.. And everything you do matters in some way.

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Amie
DEDICATION
This project was dedicated for my loving family especially to my parents Mr. Pedro David ,Jr. and Mrs. Vilma David. To my Relatives, especially to Mang Beng-Beng who supports me always. To all my friends thank you for always being there for me. To my cute pamangkins, Chino and Warly thank you for being my inspiration. To Diamzon Family, who adopted me for 2 months, especially to Lola Rosa. And to my ever moody Mare, Mag pupuyat pa ba tayo.?! We don’t wanna depend on no one else.. We’d rather rescue ourselves.. right? Especially we wanted to dedicate this proposal to the generation comingnext to us…please be active in environmental awareness., Wake-up Honorians .,We're all In this together, It's our home, so let's take care of it, I know that you want to.., You know that you got to.., Tomorrow Becomes a new day.. And everything you do matters in some way.

Gellyn
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Table of contents
Approval sheet Preface of foreword Acknowledgement Amie ‘s Dedication Gellyn ’s Dedication Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION Introduction Proposed project are and location Boundaries Project profile Problem / Opportunities Intended beneficiaries Project rationale Scope and limitation Title justification Definition of the project Chapter 2: DISCUSSION RELATE TO PROJECT About province of Tarlac Demographics Brief History of the province About Tarlac City Cityhood About the proposed landuse History related to the project Legal codes and Considerations Fit-Out Guidelines Project Linkage Landuse Implication Chapter 3: MARKETING ASPECTS Marketing aspects 37-38 6 11-12 12 12-15 15-17 18 19-20 20-23 23-30 31-34 35 35-36 1-2 3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7 8 8 8-10 Page I II III IV

Demand Analsysis Supply analysis Marketing plan Marketing mix Employment status Job beneficiaries Chapter 4: METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Sustainable Development / Green Design Methods of bulding sustainability Gray water Rain water collection Photovoltaic Reflective glass / Materials Natural day lighting Roof Garden High Efficient features Led Lighting/bulbs Waterless Urinals Environmental programs Structural concepts Foundation Structural Chapter 5: TECHNICAL STUDIES AND PERSPECTIVES Site analysis Geography Topography Slope Soil type Climate Slope classification Water resources Maps Current Site photo Existing Landuse plan Proposed Landuse plan Road Map Climate Map Site development Plan Related establishment within vicinity Perspective of the Project

39-42 42-46 46 47 47 48

49-50 50-65 66-68 68-73 74-79 79-84 85-91 92-95 95-106 107 107-108 108-111

112-113 114 114 115-117 118 119 120 121-124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132-138

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Chapter 6: CONCEPTS AND CONSIDERATION Design Concept Design philosophy Design Goals and Objectives Design Consideration Funding Concept Space Allocations Construction cost Leasing Price Return of Investment Economic Analysis Operational feasibility BIBLIOGRAPHY AND APPENDICES Bibliography Certificates Curriculum vitae 161 139-40 140 141 142-145 146 146-153 154 155-158 159 160 160

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INTRODUCTION
Tarlac City is the premier settlement area of the whole Tarlac province. Having the highest urban population among rest, Tarlac City is considered as the Primary Urban Center ( PUC ) of the province. Other factors that make the city a PUC are its indicator functions such as, presence of specialist medical facilities, offices and tourism facilities, plus the fact that the large town has the role of an Inter Regional Center. Because of this factors, other municipalities rely on the services of Tarlac City, thus making it as the hub of the province. Tarlac City will continue to be settlement with the most number of urban / rural dweller in the whole province. The City has an urban population that would be closely equivalent to its rural share as projected by the year 2010, the rural population of the city would be 174, 294 and 166, 321 for urban, which sums up to around 340, 615. This implies that the settlement will be predominantly urban for the next 9 years.

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As envision to Tarlac City’s CLUP( Comprehensive land use plan), one of the three major priorities was to develop the City’s tourism and fulfill the its part in therest and recreation capacity of the province. On the other hand TarlacCity should uphold policy or certain policies to land use. One of theseis the National Land Use Act that embodies the National Land UsePolicy ( NLUP ). The policy adheres to the concept of “Sustainable Development” which aims in meeting the needs and aspiration of the present within compromising the needs of the future generation*. The project, Ecopolis Grand Bazaar - a commercial center will fulfill the rest and recreation capacities/needs of the city. It will be located at Brgy. Matadero near the existing business establishment like Metrotown Mall, Tarlac, which is considered the growth pole in the said area. Also, the location is the common route of the motorist /travelers going to SCTEX.

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*comprehensive land use plan- Tralac City Commercial Centre“.

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PROPOSED : PROJECT AREA AND LOCATION
The proposed site is located at Brgy. Matadero Tarlac City,Tarlac , composed of four lots, having a TCT No. : Nos. NO. 276690 NO. 304930 NO. 336591 NO. 181130 With a total areas of: LOT 1055 - G LOT A1 - A2 - B LOT A1 - A1 - B LOT A1 - A2 - A Total Areas : 40, 222. 00sqm. 3, 747. 00sqm. 5, 074. 00sqm. 2, 284. 00sqm. 51, 327.00sqm. LOT 1055 - G LOT A1 - A2 - B LOT A1 - A1 - B LOT A1 - A2 - A

BOUNDARIES
For Lot 1055 - G North North East South Provincial Road Lot 1786 ( subdivided ) Lot 2183 ( Palique Creek ) 11

South West For Lot A1 - A2 - B South West West -

Lot 1055 - F

Justa D. Valeriano ( 1-2 ) Lot A1 - A2 - A ( 2-3 )

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North East

-

Lot A1 - C Lot B

( 3-4 ) ( 4-1 )

For Lot A1 - A1 - B North East South East South West Lot A-2 ( road ) ( 1 - 2 - 3 ) Lot A1-B A-1-a-2 (3-4) (4-5)

Justa D. Valeriano ( 4 - 1)

PROJECT PROFILE:
TACLAC City was recognized as one of RP’s most competitive medium - sized city, ( July 4, 2008 ). Recognized was given as the city performed well in over all across the six drivers of competitiveness. 1. Dynamism of local economy. 2. Cost of doing business. 3. Human resources / training. 4. Infrastructure 5. Responsiveness of LGU to business needs. 6. Quality of Life. 12

The following are sufficient evidence on City’s rapid growth. Ecopolis Grand Bazaar will support the existing economic growth and provide an additional development for the City’s business aspect.

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The existence of some commercial malls / establishments in the area are indicator on how competitive the city is. The project will provide leisure / recreation to the city and generally will provide circulation to the expected customers*. Our site is about 51, 327sqm. Enough to house our goal which is to provide the city a place of leisure within its busy life / to attract businessmen to establish their business in the said area.

PROBLEM / OPPORTUNITIES
Tarlac City being the center of the province, serves as an hub for many commercial activities. As a merging point of all shoppers,the City has became a melting pot of various activities.Such as: shopping, hang - outs and lot more. And other factor that in a way strengthen the economic activities are the motorist going to Baguio and Bataan Via Tarlac, And those who passes along the road to Lapaz and SCTEX. Tarlac City Poblacion together with the adjacent barangays 13

Are nowadays teeming with commercial establishments, such as multistorey shopping centers.

*ang LUNGSOD: opisyal na pahayagan ng Lungsod ng Tarlac – Hulyo 2008 issue Commercial Centre“.

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Our proposed project the Ecopolis Grand Bazaar ( a commercial center ) will form part of the ribbon of Growth Centers of the Region to spur the economic activity and progress of the City. This will provide its citizens a place of recreation and experienced a one - stop shopping concept without drawing a gap between the high class citizens with the economically insufficient citizens. Our project will act as a cure to the existing stress within the vicinity, it will provide relaxation by mean of our natural features like greeneries, landscapes etc. Its like providing the city afresh and healthy environment. At the same time, it has services that cater the customer’s needs in every activities. For example: restaurants, café, shops etc. alfresco dines and of course its shopping arcades, a portion where customer can avail much affordable items, knowing Filipino’s on their “mura doon” attitude.

INTENDED BENEFICIARIES
Our intended beneficiaries are those who reside within vicinity 14

and the residence of neighboring towns and barangays. Also the motorist and travelers crossing through the city from SCTEX will surely benefit this project.

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And as it operates the need in manpower will be in demand and that will give a job opportunities to the unemployed individuals, within / outside the vicinity

PROJECT RATIONALE
GOALS: • To put up a commercial establishment that suites and serve all social lifestyle. • To contribute greatly to the economic development of the city. • • To provide leisure and recreation to the city. To provide JOB opportunities to the citizens as it operates.

OBJECTIVES: • To pursue the campaign for Sustainable Construction and

Development. • To provide additional routes for PUJ and Tricycle within the 15

vicinity. • To achieve the 3rd priority of Tarlac City’s CLUP - Recreation Tourism. • To improve the existing area of commerce by providing amenities and utilities, as well as adequate infrastructure necessary for Business.

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SCOPE AND LIMITATION
To conform with this year’s FUTURarc - Green Architecture Green earth, our design deals with sustainable construction. It will be applied by using sustainable design methods. It will prevent causes of global warming and help sustain the beauty of environment and will also make the buildings more efficient.

TITLE JUSTIFICATION
Ecopolis Grand Bazaar, from its root word ECO + polis = came from the prefix “ECO” - that means “environment friendly” and “POLIS”that means City. Our project will help pursue the campaign towards Green Architecture to achieve sustainability. As this Year’s THEME: FUTURacr.. Green Architecture…Green Earth….

DEFINITION OF THE PROJECT

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1. ECO - the prefix that is used for words relating to ecology or to the environment. 2. POLIS - a city.

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3. BAZAAR - is a permanent merchandising area, where goods and services are sold - a center in which many kinds of goods are offered for sale - a spacious hall or suite for the sales of goods - the word derived from the Persian word Bàzàr ( baha - char ) meaning “The Place of Prize” 4. LEISURE - is a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity. - it is also the period of recreation and discretionary time before / after compulsory activities, e.g. going to work, attending school and day to day stress. Two types of leisure: Active Leisure - activities involve the exertion of physical or 17

mental energy. - low impact - involves walking - high impact - activities such as wall climbing Passive Leisure - are those in which person does not exert any significant physical or mental energy, such as going to cinema.

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5. RECREATION - is the expenditure of time in a manner design for therapeutic refreshment of one’s body and mind. 6. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - is a pattern of source use that aims to meet human need while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. 7. SELF - EFFICIENT - BUILDING - a building that supports it self by the use of modern system that can help lessen the energy cost.

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ABOUT PROVINCE OF TARLAC
PROVINCE PROFILE: Region : Central Luzon Capital : Tarlac City MUNICIPALITIES Anao Bamban Camiling Capaz Conception Gerona DIVISIONS: Highly Urbanized Cities: 0 La Paz Mayantoc Moncada Paniqui Pura Ramos San Climente San Jose San Manuel Santa Ignacia Victoria

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Component Cities: Municipalities: Barangays: Congressional: POPULATION TOTAL ( 2007 ) DENSITY AREA : : : :

7 17 510 3 23rd largest 1, 068, 783 350 / km² ( 14th highest ) 46TH largest

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TOTAL FOUNDED SPOKEN LANGUAGES GOVERNOR

: : : :

3, 053. 4 km² 1872 tagalog, Ilocano, pampango Mr. Victor Yap

Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region. Its capital is Tarlac City. Tarlac is bordered by Pampanga to the south, Nueva Ecija to the last, Pangasinan to the north, and Zambales to the west.

DEMOGRAPHICS
AS OF 2000 CENSUS, Tarlac 1, 068, 783. Its population density is 350 / km². Ilocano is spoken by more than half of the population followed by Pampango or Kapampangan spoken by 41% 20

and Tagalog is widely understood.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PROVINCE
Tarlac’s name is derived from a talahib weed called in Ilocano word “Malatarlac”. it is originally a part of the province of Pampanga / Pangasinan. It was the last central Luzon province to be recognized under the Spanish administration in 1874.

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Tarlac Province is in the west central of Luzon, the main island of the Republic of the Philippines. The province has a total land area of 1,175 square miles (3,045 sq. km), is bordered on the north by Pangasinan Province, on the east by Nueva Ecija, on the south by Pampanga, and on the west by the province of Zambales. The eastern slopes of Zambales Mountains form the eastern part of the Tarlac province. During the Spanish regime Tarlac was originally part of the provinces of Pangasinan and Pampanga. Part of it became a military command in 1860. It was one of the last provinces to be created although many of its towns were incorporated prior to its recognition as

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a separate province. Among these towns were Bamban, Capas, Concepcion, Victoria, and Tarlac. At present, the province has 18 municipalities. Tarlac join the revolt against Spain in 1886 . It was one of the first provinces to be proclaimed in a state of war by Gen. Blanco. When General Emilio Aguinaldo had to retreat from Bulacan he moved the seat of the Government to Tarlac. This lasted for only one month since the seat was moved to Nueva Ecija.

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American forces captured Tarlac in November 1899 and civil government was instituted by the Americans in 1901. The Hospital was built in 1924, it was the first provincial hospital in the Philippines. The town of Tarlac, the provincial capital, lies on a level plain about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of Manila. It is on the ManilaDagupan railroad, at the junction of the line to Baguio City . The town of Tarlac was founded in 1686, it was the chief trade center of the region, and still is. Today, Tarlac is one of the fastest developing town in the region. It is known as the mecca of Shopping Malls in central Luzon,

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The Plaza Luisita Center. Hacienda Luisita Industrial Park in San Miguel, Tarlac, was chosen by Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., one of the giant electronics manufacturers in the world to be its home for Sanyo Semiconductor Manufacturing Philippines Corporation. The "Melting Pot of Central Luzon", The province of Tarlac, is home to beautiful mosaic ethno-linguistic people. The southern part of the province are predominantly Kapampangans who are attached culturally to the Kapampangans of Pampanga Province.

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The northern and western towns of the province are 90% Ilocanos, while some of the eastern towns bordering Nueva Ecija speak Tagalog. The Tarlaquenos speak a variety of dialects, the majority are Ilocanos(50%), Kapampangans (41%), Tagalogs and others .Tarlac province isattractive to migrants due to its diverse culture and economic stability..

ABOUT TARLAC CITY
TARLAC City - is a 2nd class city in the Philippines headed by Mayor Genaro “Aro” Mendoza of tarlac Philippines. It is the capital city 23

of tarlac. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 262, 481 people in 51, 703 households. It has been proclaimed the youngest highly urbanized cities in the Philippines under the power of Pres. Gloria Macapagal arroyo but the decision was opposed by the provincial government.

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GOVERNMENT
Region Province District Barangays Income Mayor Founded Cityhood : : : : : : : : Central Luzon ( Region III ) Tarlac 2nd District of Tarlac 76 3rd Class Component City Mr. Genaro “Aro” Mendoza 1788 April 18, 1998

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PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTIC
Area Total Population Density : : : 425. 50 km² 262, 481 616.9 / km²

Tarlac City is politically subdivided into 76 brgy. * Agus * Alvindia Segunda * Amuclao * Armenia * Auturias * Atioc * Binauganan * Bora * Buenavista * Buhilit * Burot * Calingcuan * Dela Paz * Dolores * Laog * Lourdes * Mabinni * Maligaya

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* Balanti * Balente * Balibago I * Balibago II * Balingcanaway * Banaba * Bantog * Baras - Baras * Batang - Batang

* Camiling * Capehan * Carangian * Care * Central * Culipat * Cut - Cut I * Cut - Cut II * Dalayap

* Maliwalo * Mapalacsiao * Mapalad * Matatalaib * Paraiso * Poblacion * Salapungan * San Carlos * San Francisco 25

* San Isidro * San Jose * San Jose de Urquico * San Juan Bautista * San Juan De Mata * San Luis * San Manuel * San Miguel * San Nicolas * San Pablo * San Pascual

* San Rafael * San Roque * San Sebastian * San Vicente * San Cruz * Santa Maria * Santa Cristo * Santo Domingo * Santo Niño * Sapang Maragul * Sapang Tagalog

* Santo Calzada * Sinait * Suizo * Tariji * Tibag * Tibasagan * Trinidad * Ungot * Villa Bacolor

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CITYHOOD
Tarlac upgrade to city hood started way back in 1996, with the filing of a bill in congress to convert the town into a component city. House Bill No. 6863 was passed on November 17, 1997, subsequently; senate bill No. 2340 was approved on February 23, 1998. Then, on April 18, 1998 through a plebiscite the citizenry overwhelmingly supported the conversion of Tarlac Town into a component city with affirmative votes of 21, 378 out of 26, 020 votes. It was proclaimed as a component city on April 19, 1998 by virtue of 26

Republic Act No. 8593 to be known as the city of Tarlac. Its present leaders, led by the honorable Mayor Genaro M. Mendoza, together with all his co - workers in the city government can stand tall and proud of Tarlac’s 2000 years of glorious history as a source of inspiration to aspire and work only for the best because Tarlac City deseroes only no less than the best.

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ABOUT THE PROPOSED LANDUSE COMMERCIAL
EXISTING SITUATION: Tarlac City is a very progressive city. Several commercial establishments are found in the urban area. However , only around 67.50 hectares of land are registered under this category in the urban location, which is 1.48% of the urban area. Most of these commercial establishments are storey high

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shopping centers that are situated at the Poblacion, San Miguel, and other Barangays near the town center which contributed greatly to the Economic development of the city. In effect, the city’s man roads are becoming new areas for commercial and retail development which results in commercial ribbon development. The phenomenon entails the taking of advantage of major roads due to their high accessibility to commercial possibilities. PROPOSED: The proposal for commercial land use in the urban vicinity shall be increased to serve the needs of the buying public. The local government has to expand the area of the present central business district ( CBD ) and to update the classification of land within the CBD. In addition, the improvement / installation of existing / proposed

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utilities and facilities with in the commercial areas, especially in the areas of Poblacion is also needed for the betterment of commerce in the city.

HISTORY RELATED TO PROJECT SHOPPING CENTRE:
A shopping mall or shopping centre is a set of building that contain retails units, with interconnecting walkways enabling visitors to

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easily walk from unit to unit.

HISTORY:
Isfahan’s Grand Bazaar, which is largely covered, dates from the 10th century A.D. The 10 kilometer long covered Tehran’s Grand Bazaar also has a long history. The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul was built in 15th century and is still one of the largest covered markets in the world with more than 58 streets and 4000 shops. Gostiny Dvor in Saint Petersburg, which opened in 1785, should probably be regarded as one of the first purposely-built shopping malls in the world, as it consisted of more than 100 shops covering an area of over 53, 000 m². The Oxford Covered Market in Oxford, England was opened in 1774 and still runs today.

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The Burlington Arcade in London was opened in 1819. The Arcade in Providence, Rhode Island introduced the concept to the United States in 1828. The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, Italy followed in the 1860s and is closer to large modern malls in spaciousness. Other large cities created arcades and shopping centers in the 19th century and early 20th century, including the Cleveland Arcade and Moscow’s GUM in 1890. Early shopping centers designed

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for the automobile include Market Square, Lake Forest, Illinois ( 1916 ) and Country Club Plaza, Kansas City, Missouri ( 1924 ). An early indoor mall in the united States was the Lake View Store at Morgan Park, Duluth, Minnesota, which was built in 1915 and held its opening on July 10, 1916. The architect was Dean and Dean from Chicago and the building contractor was George H. Lounsberry from Duluth. The building is two-stories with a full basement and shops were originally located on all three levels. All of the stored were located within the interior of the mall with some shops being accessible from both inside and out. In the mid-20th century, with the rise of the suburb and automobile culture in the United States, a new style of shopping centre was created away from downtown.

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Shopping center is a complex of retail stores designed as a unified group to give the customers an exposure of the merchandise for shopping convenience. The concept of shopping center is not new. It was started as early as 110 A.D. during the ancient civilization of Greece when emperor Trojan ordered his slave Apollodorus a well known Architect

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to design and built the famous Agora building adjacent to the Roman Forum. Agora building was a two-story commercial center in the heart of business district, enclosed and ventilated mall, lined with open fronted shops similar to the recent most updated shopping center. Likewise, the typical Arabian Souk as market of the middle ages, was designed with weather protection malls covering a series of open fronted shops similar to what are being constructed today.

COMPONENTS:
FOODCOURTS: A shopping mall food court consist of food vendors offering a selection of food. At a typical food court, food is ordered at one of the vendors and then consumed at the seating area, which is normally a plaza surrounded by the counters of multiple vendors.

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DEPATMENT STORES: When the shopping mall format was developed by Victor Gruen in the mid-1950’s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects and to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to smaller stores in the mall as well. These larger stores are formed anchor or draw tenants. Anchors 31

generally have their rent heavily discounted, and may even receive cash inducements from the mall to remain open in physical configuration, anchor stores are normally located as far from each other as possible to maximize the amount of traffic from one anchor to another.

LEGAL CODES AND CONSIDERATION
Consideration of a Shopping Center a. Entrances If the eyes are windows to the soul, so are entrance reflections of a center’s energy. Beyond being the first and last impression of the shopping centers experience, entrances elements can reflect the nail architecture and as a salient symbol can convey quality of the building and the merchants. In the end they can function as a logo identity of the shopping center. In those

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countries where is a higher incidence of chauffeured personal

vehicle or even public transit, the entrance serves as the project foyer and is called upon to handle larger numbers of people this all the reason a formidable entrance. b. Paving As the surface underfoot, the paving is an element that every

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customer touches. As it is also the most visible and memorable surface. It represents the greatest opportunity for an owner to convey its intensions as to quality shopping center. More than just the critical issues of maintenance and performance need to be addressed. The paved areas represent a palette to that can establish the foundation for the overall ambience of shopping center. c. Stairs Climbing through space need to be chore. It can be made feel like a place of ground arrival that will help put customer into a shopping oriented frame of mind. Utilitarian stairs denote work, something the shopper represents. But stairs that somehow engage the customer are an attraction contributes to the overall experience.

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d. Escalators This staircase moving through space must be located so as to reinforce the overall circulation plan for a shopping center. Properly situated, they can work in concert with the merchandising plan, both formal and informal. As one has a captive audience for the

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duration of the ride, an extraordinary opportunity exist for promotional displays and activities. The additional expenses of wider trends helps make escalators more friendly especially to hoppers with young children or elderly. e. Elevator As the world “entertainment” has found its way into the vocabulary of retail architecture, the elevators have become a primary mechanism of reinforcing that spirit. Glass enclosed: oversized elevator platforms appear user – friendly top customer to allow patrons with baby carriage in wheelchairs to freely access a center without imposing another customer. Often design as playful object, colorful and decorative lit, elevators themselves have become places from which and which to promote the excitement of a center.

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f. Skylights No single of a shopping center contributes greater definition to a space creates a presence and quality that cannot be through artificial means.

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g. Special Lighting While providing the ambient light for each shopping center, especially lighting also creates an air of individuality that reinforced the architecture and allows it to be understood with greatest and most dramatic impact. This is necessary and serious lighting that satisfied a center’s basic illumination needs. But also brings spaces alive reinforce their essential characters. h. Decorative Lightings In the absence of sunlight, decorative lighting acts as a counterpoint to a space and injects a sense of fantasy into the shopping experience. It reaches a shopping and creates a special aura in manner similar to what cufflinks brings to suit and jewelry brings to dress. Often playful and sometimes animated, it works psychological interest and joy.

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i.

Kiosk In earlier generation of shopping centers, kiosk appeared temporary in nature, as did the merchants who occupied them. The

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transient message was often in conflict with the seriousness of an overall fashion theme. Now by maintaining absolute control over the design of kiosk, a center can help its least sophisticated tenants, in the most prominent locations, to become position contributors to the center, more akin to streetscape furnishing. At the same time their festive market place imaginary adds a level of spontaneity that compliments more serious in line shops. j. Architectural Landscape In many communities, the unavailability of appropriate landscape, the spatial demands, the cost of maintenance, or the absence of natural source procedures that uses of specimen trees within shopping center complexes. In such situations, or when a more urban character is desired, the inclusion of highly architectural landscape elements is often more appropriate. There is a large vocabulary of garden related elements including trellises, arbors, columns trees, plot rails and landscape toughs that can be introduce to replaceable plant materials.

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k. Landscape In venue where traditional landscape maintenance exist, and landscape specimen are plentiful, more conventional approaches to

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landscape provide soft, quiet places that contrast with the high – energy focus of retail complexes. Her, conventional planting trees, shrubs, and colorful flowers provide a welcome respite from a counter point of retail activity. Trees are often planted directly in the ground, with grates or plantings, or oversize pots, where space allows. l. Fountains Water is a design feature common to all cultures. Fountains may be for visual or audio impact can be traditional in form or incorporate as a work of art may be passive or interactive. While the later poses a maintenance and safety problem, interactive fountain have become exceptionally popular with younger people and parents with their children who appreciate their entertainment value. However applied, fountains are usually most popular with customer of all ages.

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m. Amenities The furnishings in mall are immediately from culture. While

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styles and types of benches and chairs do dear local nuances, they are generally a part of life for all of us. Amenities, which include backed and backless benches, chairs, trash receptacles, ash trays, drinking fountains, telephones and bicycle racks, are often crafted locally, based on more expensive design that could be imported. These copies frequently under perform those, which have been manufactured to meet stringent performance specifications, so the production and testing alternate elements should be reviewed carefully. n. Directory The graphic design begins with directories, which not only to communicate information to the visitor, but also introduce the theme of the center. Directories should be functional, attractive, flexible and durable. The are the formal greeting of a center and should not be confusing; they can also provide other useful community or locations.

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o. Super Market Supermarket is a big scale emporium of merchandised which

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does not requires shouting and advertisement in order to be noticed. Normally, super market has an average of about 2,000 to 3000 square meters. Of this area, 75 to 80% is reserved for store and the remaining 20-25% was allotted to services area such as storage, coolers, repacking area, grocery storage and others. p. Bank New bank merchandising system has been followed by a new bank architecture, which no longer needs to follow the old idiom that a bank must retain its aloof dignity. Stability and strength are still to be preserve in the image of the bank, but not too extremes. Bankers have been indicated that banks of the next decade will blend excitement and attraction. Bank design will be more inviting through the furniture use of glass, colors, and arts in addition to their offering of more convenient service through direct access. q. Parking Lots Parking should be built to accommodate the larger cars frequently used, although nor necessarily the very largest. Planning in hopes of just medium and small size cars invites difficulties.

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FIT – OUT GUIDELINES

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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN CRITERIA
 Storefront / Entrance a. Tenants are given the flexibility to design their own storefront to reflect their desired image. b. No setbacks or advances of the store façade shall be allowed. c. For glass store front and doors, 12 mm frameless and tempered glass is required. d. Entrance / exit width should comply with standards of National Building Codes.  Al – Fresco Dining Area a. For the Al – fresco dining area, a standards floor finish shall be provided to match the Ecopolis Grand Bazaar walkways. This may not be changed or altered in any way, without prior written approval from the management. b. Lighting will also be consistent for all units. Any changes or additions are also subject to prior written approval.

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 Floor

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a. Floor finish material to be used must be submitted for prior approval b. Elevated concrete flooring is not allowed. c. Tenants not on the ground floor are required to waterproof the entire floor slab before installing the flooring.  Walls and Partitions a. No attachment or alternation may be made to the existing partitions between units. b. The tenants should install their own wall paneling to implement such alternation or attachment c. Kitchen partitions must be floor- to-slab fire - rated wall partitioning. d. Water proofing of kitchen and bathroom partitions is also required except for the ground level units. e. Soundproofing of walls is also required for tenants expecting to have live music or play loud music.

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 Ceilings a. Ceiling heights prior to the standards given by the Ecopolis Grand Bazaar. b. No equipments shall be install inside the ceiling without prior approval. c. Non-combustible materials should be used. d. Plans should reflect ceiling hanger details.

ELECTRICAL
a. All Electrical layouts shall be install prior to the NEC ( National Elactric Code. )

PLUMBING AND SANITARY
a. Proposed location of kitchens and bathrooms must be followed to avoid risk of leakages, especially in customer area. b. All plumbing works shall be done prior to our Plumbing code And Sanitation code.

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Exhaust Systems
a. All restaurants are required to provide and install adequate exhaust and fresh air return system to prevent odor, heat and moisture from entering into the dining and common areas.

Gas / LPG Supply
a. Central Gas / LPG supply shall be provided by Ecopolis Grand Bazaar through their accredited supplier. b. Automatic safety devices must be installed in compliance with P.D .1185, Section 28 – 21.

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PROJECT LINKAGES NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS BY TYPE OF BUSINESS CITY OF TARLAC TYPES OF BUSINESS SERVICES TRADING DEALERS BANKS EXPORTERS GRAND –TOTAL LAND USE IMPLICATION
Maintaining the city status as the provincial commercial and trading center for goods and services shall continue the establishment of appropriate infrastructure and utilities necessary to meet the population demend and continue the development of malls and other commercial establishments at designated sites within the city. Expanding and developing the commercial district shall contain the expected increase in volume of commercial activities to encourage investors to locate their business in the area.

NUMBER 3948 556 507 29 8 5048

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Commercial Centre“.

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Implementing strictly the zoning ordinance in order to control the growth activities and encourage home commercials*.

*comprehensive land use plan of Tarlac City

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Commercial Centre“.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Since our main target beneficiaries were the people of tarlac, we gather usable data’s to achieved nearly accurate assumption of demand, needed supply of facilities and services, and other marketing consideration. Ecopolis Grand Bazaar will act as treatment on existing stress and sick building syndrome cause by the harsh surrounding, tight spaces and the absence on nature within the city. This resulted in conceptualization on Ecopolis Grand Bazaar, a building design that consciously integrated generous open spaces and natural elements. Ecopolis Grand Bazaar id totally different from the existing malls in Tarlac namely Metrotown Mall and Magic Starmall whom base on our research ( observation and participation type of observation ) markets a large number of customers almost every day. In that reason this two establishment lacks spaces for merging crowd. We formulated Ecopolis Grand Bazaar with much wider spaces and hallways, much higher ceilings, and much wide scope of service that they can enjoy and avail into.

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SERVICES SUCH AS:
 General retail stores and shops  Food markets and shops  Personal services shops  Recreational facilities  Restaurant and other eateries  Other commercial activity services Ecopolis Grand Bazaar was surrounded by beautiful and awesome landscape which gives the customer a much relaxing experience as they shop within nature. Also we offer service that may serve as a tourist magnet that may attack tourist passing by, from and to SCTEX in terms of facilities, like our climbing wall that gives them an active leisure and our very cozy deck spa will give them their passive leisure needs.

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DEMAND ANALYSIS:
HISTORICAL GROWTH OF POPULATION CENSAL YEAR 1903-2000 CITY OF TARLAC YEAR March 2, 1903 December 31, 1981 January 1, 1993 October 1, 1948 February 15, 1960 May 6, 1970 May 1, 1915 May 1, 1980 May 1, 1990 September 1, 1995 May 1, 2000 POPULATION 15,044 24,460 55,682 64,597 98,285 135,128 160,595 175,691 210,969 230,459 262,481 GEOMERTRIC AVERAGE GROWTH RATE(%) 3.29 3.99 1.66 3.56 3.23 3.51 1.85 1.78 2.00 2.64
Source: national statistics office

POPULATION ANNUAL DENSITY 1990, 1995, 2000 – 2005 CITY OF TARLAC YEAR 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 POPULATION 210,969 230,459 262,481 269,410 276,523 DENSITY 4.96 / ha 5.42 / ha 6.17 / ha 6.33 / ha 6.50 / ha

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2003 2004 2005

283,823 291,316 299,007

6.67 / ha 6.85 / ha 7.03 / ha
Source: national statistics office

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HOUSEHOLD POPULATION BY AGE-GROUP AND BY SEX SEPTEMBER 1995 AGE 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-ABOVE TOTAL MALE 17,130 14,999 14,342 12,991 11,598 9,426 8,187 6,853 5,632 3,844 3,392 2,616 1,926 3,471 116,407 FEMALE 16,777 14,059 13,883 12,867 11,221 9,339 8,000 6,579 5,431 3,828 3,416 2,774 2,045 3,833 114,052 BOTH SEXES 33,907 29,058 28,225 25,858 22,819 18,765 16,187 13,432 11,063 7,672 6,808 5,390 3,971 7,304 230,459 SEX RATIO 102 107 103 101 103 101 102 104 104 100 99 94 94 91 102
Source: national statistics office

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TOTAL POPULATION OF TARLAC PROVINCE AS OF AUGUST 1, 2007 CITY / MUNICIPALITY TARLAC CITY ANAO BAMABAN CAMILING CAPAS CONCEPTION GERONA LA PAZ MAYANTOC MONCADA PANIQUI PURA RAMOS SAN CLEMENTE SAN JOSE SAN MANUEL SANTA IGNACIA VICTORIA GRAND TOTAL POPULATION 314,155 10,806 61,644 76,941 122,084 135,213 82,022 61,324 27,274 54,547 83,311 22,188 19,646 12,458 32,728 23,463 43,560 57,085 1,243,449
Source: national statistics office

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PROJECTED POPULATION OF TARLAC CITY 2001 – 2010 YEAR 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

PROJECTED POPULATION 26,9410 27,6523 28,3823 29,1316 29,9007 30,6901 31,5003 32,3319 33,1854 34,0615
Source: national statistics office

SUPPLY ANALYSIS:
The fast growth of shopping center was influence by a fast growth of population, that led to the expansion of town and cities. Expansion requires addition of amenities for the citizens a place for commerce and recreational activities was conceptualized to meet

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this need. Ecopolis Grand Bazaar, a self – efficient commercial center will satisfy this need.

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NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENTS CITY OF TARLAC

TYPES OF BUSINESS A. SERVICES 1. Accounting services 2. Advertising 3. amusement ( bars) 4. Automotive 5. Barber shop 6. Beauty salon 7. Carinderia 8. Clinic 9. Communication 10. Contractor 11. Dress shop 12. Educational plan 13. Feed milling 14. Footwear 15. Funeral parlor 16. Furniture 17. Gas station 18. General merchandise 19. Gold smith 20. Hotel/motel 21. Ice dealer 22. Insurance agency 23. Jewelry store 24. Junk shop

NUMBER 9 9 73 95 44 49 174 26 12 280 24 3 17 17 3 31 27 355 6 13 3 45 13 33

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25. Lending investors 26. Lessor 27. Lessor/space rentals 28. Life plan 29. Manpower service/janitorial 30. Marble work 31. Medical services 32. Memorial park

58 86 25 5 13 10 3 8

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33. Musical 34. Newsstand 35. Pawnshop 36. Pest control 37. Photo supply/studio 38. Postal services 39. Poultry supply 40. Printing press 41. Repacking 42. Repair shop 43. Resort 44. Restaurant 45. Sari-sari store 46. Security agency 47. Smoke fish 48. Subdivision operator 49. Supermarkets and mini grocery 50. Tailoring 51. Telephone service 52. Theaters 53. Training centers 54. Travel agency 55. Trucking services 56. Video rental 57. Vulcanizing 58. Xerox center SUB-TOTAL

4 35 12 13 1 9 6 38 7 36 183 6 55 1779 15 16 13 31 24 9 11 9 2 11 21 20 13 3,948 53

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B. TRADING 59. Auto spare parts 60. Agricultural machineries 61. Home appliances 62. Bazaar 63. Bottling 64. Bakery 65. Cockpit 66. Book store 67. Drug store 68. Dry goods 69. Department store 70. Display centre 71. Electrical 72. Electronics 73. Educational foundation 74. Tailor supply 75. Variety store 76. Vehicle trader 77. Warehouse 78. Other traders SUB-TOTAL C. DEALERS 79. Art / sign shop 80. Distributor

75 12 8 2 7 16 1 4 28 130 10 4 5 15 5 2 23 1 1 207 556

55 6 54

81. Fertilizer 82. Meat dealers 83. Vegetable dealers 84. Out lumber 85. Real estate broker 86. Rice and palay dealers 87. Sweepstake dealers 88. Plant farming 89. Other dealers 90. Fish farming SUB-TOTAL

24 46 30 6 6 59 6 8 258 3 507

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D. BANKS E. EXPORTER GRAND TOTAL

29 8 5,048

MARKETING PLAN SERVICE MIX:
Ecopolis Grand Bazaar offers all the services that the public can avail in much affordable prizes from personal need to home wares and school supplies, etc. That gives the tarlaqueños a one-stop shopping experience that fits any kind of social lifestyle these are the economically stable and economically insufficient individuals.

SOME OF OUR SERVICES ARE:

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* restaurants * food concession / food court * alfresco pines * retail shops * bazaar * supermarket * bazaar hall / bazaar shop

* spa * game arcade * KTV * cinema * etc. * rock / wall climbing

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MARKETING MIX:
Our project will be introduced to the tarlaqueños and to public by means of some marketing strategies.  Brochures  Banners  Billboards  Ads  Internet  And other leasing programs

EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF TARLAC CITY:
* Based on the October 2000 survey by NSO City of Tarlac * 164, 000 households

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EMPLOYMENT RATE

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COMPUTED NO. OF JOB BENEFICIARIES:
 60. 31 % of 164, 000 = 99, 006 ( labor force ) 5. 49 % of 99, 006 = 5, 435 no. of unemployed  Total no. of unemployed in Tarlac according to October 2000 survey = 5, 435 individuals in labor force.

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT / GREEN DESIGN It is a pattern of resources use that aims to meet human need while preserving the Environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. Sustainable Development ties together with the concern for the carrying capacity of natural system with the social challenges facing humanity. As early as 1970s, Sustainability employed to describe an economy in equilibrium with basic ecological support system. Ecologist have pointed to the limits of growth and presented the alternative of a steady state economy in order to address

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environmental concern. The field of sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three (3) constituent parts:  Environmental sustainability  Economic sustainability  Sociopolitical sustainability

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Sustainability essentially means being more prudent and more efficient in terms of resource consumption, ( power, fuel, water, and natural resources ), and in waste generation (pollution, garbage, sewage) in increasing cost of energy and water resource alone. Being more efficient in our consumption and being less wasteful generates savings in operation cost.

METHODS IN BUILDING SUSTAINABILITY

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GREYWATER

what it is . . . how to treat it . . . how to use it

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Greywater is washwater. That is, all wastewater excepting toilet wastes and food wastes derived from garbage grinders. There are significant distinctions between greywater and toilet wastewater (called "blackwater"). These distinctions tell us how these wastewaters should be treated /managed and why, in the interests of public health and environmental protection, they should not be mixed together.

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COMBINED WASTEWATER Greywater contains far less nitrogen than blackwater Nine-tenths of the nitrogen contained in combined wastewater derives from toilet wastes (i.e., from the blackwater). Nitrogen is one of the most serious and difficult-to-remove pollutants affecting our potential drinking water supply.

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Greywater contains far fewer pathogens than blackwater Medical and public health professionals view feces as the most significant source of human pathogens. Keeping toilet wastes out of the wastewater stream dramatically reduces the danger of spreading such organisms via water. Greywater decomposes much faster than blackwater The implication of the more rapid decomposition of greywater 61

pollutants is the quicker stabilization and therefore enhanced prevention of water pollution. WASTEWATER RE-USE  Advantages  Disadvantages  Types of wastewater  Re-use water quality  Wastewater re-use in urban areas  Reusing greywater indoors  Reusing wastewater outdoors

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This fact sheet provides information on wastewater re-use for both urban and rural households. On-site wastewater re-use provides numerous opportunities to reduce water use within the home. At present, potable (drinkable) water is used for practically everything in the building and garden.

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Wastewater re-use opportunities vary according to where you live. Urban households typically have a connection to a centralised, or reticulated, sewage system, whereas rural households manage their wastewater on-site. Consequently, the regulations concerning the treatment and reuse of wastewater vary according to your location. Check with your local council or state health authority for advice on the regulations in your area. ADVANTAGES Treated wastewater can be used to flush toilets, water gardens and even to wash clothes. By using wastewater as a resource rather than a waste product you can:  Reduce water bills.  Use less water resources.  Irrigate your gardens during drought water restrictions.

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 Cut down the amount of pollution going into our waterways.

 Help save money on new infrastructure for water provision and wastewater treatment. Wastewater re-use decreases the demand on infrastructures for sewage transport, treatment and disposal, allowing the infrastructure to work better and last longer.

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DISADVANTAGES The disadvantages of reusing your wastewater also need to be considered. Currently, one of the main disadvantages for most households is the financial cost of installing and maintaining a re-use system. The attractiveness of the investment would depend on:  The price of water in your area (urban) or scarcity of water (rural).  The length of time you intend to live in your current house.  The type of system you install – annual operating and maintenance costs vary between systems.  Whether a restrictions free, reliable water supply is valuable to you. Wastewater Re-use will provide a much more reliable secondary source of water than common rain tank installations.

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Based on home-details*

TYPES OF WASTEWATER There are two types of wastewater created in a building, each of which can be treated and used in various ways. Greywater is wastewater from non-toilet plumbing fixtures such as showers, basins and taps. It is advisable to exclude water from kitchens and dishwashers from greywater being recycled, because of the potential for contamination by pathogens. Greywater can be used for garden watering. Appropriately treated greywater can also be reused indoors for toilet flushing and clothes washing, both of which are significant consumers of water.

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Blackwater is water that has been mixed with waste from the toilet. Blackwater requires biological or chemical treatment and disinfection before re-use. Wastewater by indoor location

RE-USE WATER QUALITY The quality of your re-use water depends on your treatment system, the water’s first use and which chemicals are used in the home. To reduce your treatment requirements:
·

Minimise use of cleaning chemicals such as coloured toilet

dyes. Use natural cleaning products where possible.

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·

Do not dispose of household chemicals down the sink or toilet.

Contact your local council or water authority for information on collection services.
·

Use a sink strainer in the kitchen to help prevent food scraps

and other solid material from entering your wastewater.
·

Use a lint filter on the outlet from your washing machine. A

piece of nylon stocking is generally sufficient. Replace as necessary. WASTEWATER RE-USE IN URBAN AREAS Consider wastewater re-use if you live in an urban, sewered area and any of the following apply to you:
·

You wish to reduce water use further and efficiency measures

for indoor and outdoor water use have already been undertaken.
·

Water supplies in your area are often limited, eg frequent

restrictions or during droughts.
·

You have a large garden which needs to be watered regularly or

would not survive extended water restrictions. Remember to check with your local council or water authority before you re-use wastewater, as standards and permission requirements vary.

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REUSING GREYWATER INDOORS Appropriately treated greywater can be re-used indoors for toilet flushing and washing. Toilets and clothes washers are two of the biggest users of water in a building. Reusing treated greywater for toilet flushing can save approximately 50L of potable water in an building every day. Reusing treated greywater in your washer can save approximately 90L of potable water in an building every day. In order to re-use greywater indoors for toilet flushing and washing you will need to firstly:
· ·

Separate greywater and blackwater waste streams. Install a greywater treatment and disinfection system that is

approved in your place, so it provides a suitable level of treatment and meets local regulations. NOTE: that while wastewater from the kitchen sink and dishwasher can be classed as greywater, it would require more complex treatment before re-use due to potential contamination by pathogens from food preparation, as well as fats and grease.

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Precautions
Greywater must be treated and disinfected before storage and general re-use because:  It can contain significant numbers of pathogens which spread disease.  It cannot be stored for longer than a few hours untreated as it begins to turn septic and smell. Even after on-site treatment and disinfection, blackwater is not suitable for re-use indoors. An activated Carbon filter can be installed to avoid this coloration of materials and items washed be the reused water.

Treatment systems for indoor re-use
The different treatment systems can vary greatly in terms of the treatment processes used, that may be biological, chemical or mechanical treatment. The qualities of treated water they produce can vary considerably, as well as their energy consumption and initial cost. With council approval, it is possible to build your own biological treatment system for greywater treatment.

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Based on home-details*

Biological greywater treatment generally consists of several steps.  Coarse filtration to remove large particles, including hair, to prevent clogging. This can be as simple as waterproof box and a filter bag or stocking attached with rubber bands. The stocking or bag must be checked regularly and replaced when full.  Fine filtration and biological treatment, using a sand filter and reed bed combination. Microbes in the sand break down organic matter in the water while the reeds take up nutrients. The basic structure is a waterproof box filled with coarse sand laid over a gravel bed. Greywater is designed to percolate either vertically or horizontally through the media.

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Disinfection
Disinfection is required for indoor re-use of greywater. All disinfection systems require regular maintenance. Chlorine is most commonly used for disinfection. However, chlorine disinfection has been found to have adverse environmental impacts. Alternatives should be used where possible, such as ultraviolet (UV) or ozone disinfection in place of chlorination.

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Based on home-details*

Simple greywater sub-surface re-use

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REUSING WASTEWATER OUTDOORS Reusing wastewater outdoors can reduce your household’s potable water use by 30 to 50 per cent. Greywater can be re-used in gardens even without treatment. Sub-surface drip irrigation systems spread water evenly around the garden, and are safer for spreading untreated greywater. Avoid watering vegetables with re-use water if they will be eaten raw. There is a chance that some pathogenic organisms may still be

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present even after treatment. The only place where treated and disinfected blackwater can be safely re-used is outdoors. However, in some states treated blackwater cannot be re-used for above ground irrigation, only in sub-surface irrigation. Check with your local council or state health department.

Precautions
In order to maintain the health of your garden, the level of reuse of wastewater in the garden needs to be balanced with the amount of water, solids and nutrients that the plants and soil in your garden can absorb.

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If excess wastewater is applied

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Based on home-details*

 Excess nutrients may run-off or leach through the soil to enter waterways, contributing to algal blooms and other water quality problems.  Soils and plants may become water logged and inhibit plant growth.  Soils can become physically clogged with organic and suspended material or damaged by salts in the wastewater.  Salinity may increase in problem areas when greywater contributes to raising watertables.

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In order to avoid these problems  Plan your garden carefully.  Use Phosphate-free and salt-free liquid or environmentallyfriendly detergents.  Prefilter to remove solids. Adjust the amount of wastewater re-used to the conditions in the garden. Do not irrigate if the soil is already saturated.

Treatment systems for outdoor re-use
There are many different types of treatment systems suitable for outdoor re-use. Wastewater treatment systems using microfiltration are now available for onsite use at a household scale. These systems use energy but no chemicals, and produce a high quality effluent suitable for indoor use. Some treatment systems use worms and microbes to treat all household wastewater using little energy and no chemicals. These systems produce effluent suitable for subsurface irrigation, and compost as a by-product.

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==================

Wet weather storage
If you are reusing your wastewater in the garden, you will need to have a method of either disposing or storing the wastewater you do not require during periods of high rainfall. If storage is not an option and you live in an urban area, excess wastewater can be directed to a sewer. In rural areas sub-surface disposal to a trench in the garden is recommended, provided there is enough space. Storage is recommended as it maximises the usefulness of wastewater. Wastewater should be treated and disinfected before storage. Storage requirements depend on:  Climate.  Household demand for re-use water.  Presence/size of disposal area.  Maximum daily wastewater output.

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RAINWATER COLLECTION

Based on home-details*

Rainwater Harvesting and Purification System

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Excavation Backfill cover (A) may range from 6" to 30". Sidewall and end wall allowance (B) should be 18'' to 24". Bedding (C) should be a well compacted sand/gravel mixture: 6'' minimum in soil terrain, 12" minimum in rock terrain. Lid and Manhole Extension For proper fit, install the lid and/or manhole extension before you put water in the tank and backfill. Please note the direction of flow - the inlet is higher than the outlet. Installation of Bulkhead Fittings Install bulkhead fitting in either side of manway or end rib as shown. Tank must be vented. Tank lid includes gasket and stainless steel screws for water-tight seal. Backfilling Exterior and Filling with water CAUTION: Start filling the tank with water when you begin to backfill, keeping the water level even with the backfill level-as you go. Backfill in 12" maximum layers with a well compacted sand/gravel mixture. ALWAYS COMPACT ENDS FIRST.

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Tamp and compact backfill under inlet and outlet pipe.

Backfilling the Top of Tank Once the tank is filled with water, backfill to the surrounding level to a maximum of 30". General Notes: Do not install tank in water-saturated clay or in high water table. Do not install tank across the path of vehicles or heavy equipment.

The tanks are designed for below ground use only. For a water-tight seal, lid must be sealed with silicone caulking. • Cistern tanks should remain one-fourth full at all times.

PHOTOVOLTAICS Photovoltaics is the direct conversion of light into electricity at the atomic level. Some materials exhibit a property known as the photoelectric effect that causes them to absorb photons of light and release electrons. When these free electrons are captured, an electric current results that can be used as electricity. The photoelectric effect was first noted by a French physicist, Edmund Bequerel, in 1839, who found that certain materials would

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produce small amounts of electric current when exposed to light. Commercial Centre“.

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In 1905, Albert Einstein described the nature of light and the photoelectric effect on which photovoltaic technology is based, for which he later won a Nobel prize in physics. The first photovoltaic module was built by Bell Laboratories in 1954. It was billed as a solar battery and was mostly just a curiosity as it was too expensive to gain widespread use. In the 1960s, the space industry began to make the first serious use of the technology to provide power aboard spacecraft. Through the space programs, the technology advanced, its reliability was established, and the cost began to decline. During the energy crisis in the 1970s, photovoltaic technology gained recognition as a source of power for non-space applications.

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The diagram above illustrates the operation of a basic photovoltaic cell, also called a solar cell. Solar cells are made of the same kinds of semiconductor materials, such as silicon, used in the microelectronics industry. For solar cells, a thin semiconductor wafer is specially treated to form an electric field, positive on one side and negative on the other. When light energy strikes the solar cell, electrons are knocked loose from the atoms in the semiconductor material. If electrical conductors are attached to the positive and negative sides, forming an electrical circuit, the electrons can be captured in the form of an electric current that is, electricity. This electricity can then be used to power a load, such as a light or a tool. A number of solar cells electrically connected to each other and mounted in a support structure or frame is called a photovoltaic module. Modules are designed to supply electricity at a certain voltage, such as a common 12 volts system. The current produced is directly dependent on how much light strikes the module.

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Multiple modules can be wired together to form an array. In general, the larger the area of a module or array, the more electricity that will be produced. Photovoltaic modules and arrays produce directcurrent (dc) electricity. They can be connected in both series and parallel electrical arrangements to produce any required voltage and current combination. Today's most common PV devices use a single junction, or interface, to create an electric field within a semiconductor such as a

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PV cell. In a single-junction PV cell, only photons whose energy is equal to or greater than the band gap of the cell material can free an electron for an electric circuit. In other words, the photovoltaic Commercial Centre“.
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response of single-junction cells is limited to the portion of the sun’s spectrum whose energy is above the band gap of the absorbing material, and lower-energy photons are not used. One way to get around this limitation is to use two (or more) different cells, with more than one band gap and more than one junction, to generate a voltage. These are referred to as "multijunction" cells (also called "cascade" or "tandem" cells). Multijunction devices can achieve a higher total conversion efficiency because they can convert more of the energy spectrum of light to electricity.

As shown below, a multijunction device is a stack of individual 83

single-junction cells in descending order of band gap (Eg). The top cell captures the high-energy photons and passes the rest of the photons on to be absorbed by lower-band-gap cells. Commercial Centre“.
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Much of today's research in multijunction cells focuses on gallium arsenide as one (or all) of the component cells. Such cells have reached efficiencies of around 35% under concentrated sunlight. Other materials studied for multijunction devices have been amorphous silicon and copper indium diselenide. As an example, the multijunction device below uses a top cell of gallium indium phosphide, "a tunnel junction," to aid the flow of electrons between the cells, and a bottom cell of gallium arsenide.

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REFLECTIVE GLASS/MATERIALS GLAZINGS HEAT MIRROR INSULATING GLASS The choice of the right glazing is one of the most important and far-reaching decisions that an architect or building owner will make. This decision impacts the overall design, human comfort, energy efficiency, mechanical HVAC design and loads, daylighting, condensation control, ultraviolet fading and sound control. The Heat Mirror is a low-emissivity coated film product suspended inside an insulating glass unit. The result is a triple unit with two airspace's without the weight of triple insulating glass and with far superior insulating and shading performance. HEAT MIRROR PLUS INSULATING GLASS Heat Mirror Plus substitutes one lite of low-emissivity coated glass for the uncoated glass used in the Heat Mirror unit. With an optional Argon or Krypton filling, a U-Value of less than .12 (R-value of 9.1) can be achieved. This product meets the criteria for institutional

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projects or projects requiring high insulation values and is available in custom sizes and shapes.

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DETAILED PORTION OF THE PRODUCT SUPERGLASS SYSTEM Introduced in 1990, the SUPERglass System has become the most energy-efficient glazing product on the market to be offered in a l" overall thickness. A U-value of .11 (R-Value of 9.09) is achieved by

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using two HM 88 films suspended inside two 1/8" pieces of glass. This insulating glass unit is filled with krypton gas and features a patented tape system for gas retention. Superglass further offers a thermally broken, insolating spacer to stop conduction through the edge of the

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glass. This achieves a lower U-value for the entire unit, thus a higher R-Value. (Exact U-values are dependent upon the framing system used.) Units are available in custom sizes for projects requiring high insulation, but limited in the overall thickness of glass such as operable windows.

DETAILED PORTION OF THE PRODUCT HEAT MIRROR "TOTAL PERFORMANCE" BENEFITS

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Superior Insulation While the different varieties of Heat Mirror insulting glass described on the previous pages offer a broad range of esthetic effects and solar control performance, all Heat Mirror glazing provide a unique package of additional benefits. Heat Mirror goes beyond common "high

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performance" glazing to provide total performance:

All Heat Mirror glazing provide higher insulating ratings than ordinary double-pane, "low-e" coated, and even triple-pane windows. In fact, Heat Mirror insulating glass insulates as well as an equal thickness of fiberglass wall insulation! Heat Mirror "transparent insulation" lets you design with more glass, while reducing heating and cooling loads.

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Solar Heat Control

1. Exterior Radiated Heat is reflected 2.Direct heat coming in is reduced 3. Interior Radiated Heat is reflected With a variety of clear coatings for mastering the sun's heat, solar heat gain is properly controlled, and offers you energy efficiency with relation to HVAC costs. Improved Comfort Even when outside temperatures are very low, Heat Mirror

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keeps the interior glass temperature close to the room temperature, reducing drafts and chilly spots near windows. Minimal Condensation Heat Mirror resists wintertime condensation at exterior temperatures up to 45 degrees colder than conventional insulating glass, a particularly important benefit for pool and spa enclosures, computer rooms, and other high-humidity environments. Commercial Centre“.
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Reduced Fabric Fading Heat Mirror insulating glass blocks 99.5% of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation, helping reduce damage to valuable furnishings and merchandise from fading and deterioration. Laboratory studies indicate that fabrics behind clear Heat Mirror glazing resist fading and retain their original color up to three times longer than fabrics behind clear single pane glass Noise Control In noisy environments, Heat Mirror's unique construction insulates against unwanted sound transmission better than ordinary doublepane windows. Heat Mirror can be used with laminated glass on the inboard and/or outboard light for maximum noise control. NATURAL DAY LIGHTING Pinnacle Skylight System™(BRAND) 90

For spectacular large-scale custom structures spanning up to 40 feet, and at any pitch you desire between 15° and 60°.

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With its variable-pitch hinge design, the Pinnacle Skylight offers you the versatility of a custom configured structural skylight system with the reliability and cost savings of standardized engineering, construction and installation. Quickest turnaround time for custom built orders. Fast on-site assembly and installation. View skylight specifications for Pinnacle systems, including hurricane resistant windows. Pinnacle 300: supports spans up to 14' wide. 3" aluminum rafter tube depth, (in a double pitch configuration). Pinnacle 350: supports spans up to 18' wide. 3.5" aluminum rafter tube depth, Pinnacle 600: supports spans up to 30' wide (in a double pitch configuration). 6" aluminum rafter tube depth, Pinnacle 900: supports spans up to 40' wide. 9" aluminum rafter 91

tube depth, Pinnacle FSFG: Text to come. Pinnacle Hurricane Resistant: 3.5” or 6" aluminum rafter, tested to meet 80 psf design pressure, and small and large missile impact. Available with laminated or insulated glazing.

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Pinnacle Structural Skylighting System features · · Built to order from stock for shorter lead times. Quick on-site assembly and installation—components always

assemble the same consistent way. · · · Narrow profiles provide clean lines. Larger span capability—up to 40 feet. Leak-resistant sill enclosure guards against air infiltration and

water intrusion. · Continuous sill encompasses the entire perimeter so installers

rely less on sealants. · · Thermally-enhanced construction. Concealed fasteners for easy installation and an aesthetically

pleasing look inside and out.

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·

Versatile high performance glazing options include glass,

acrylic, polycarbonate and structured translucent sheeting. · Long-life Kynar® finish or scratch-resistant baked enamel can

be custom-matched to any color requirement; anodized finishes in 6 different colors also available.

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The Pinnacle of design flexibility

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Pinnacle 350:

3.5" aluminum rafter tube depth, supports spans of up to 18' wide

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Pinnacle 350/600:

Continuous sill enclosure helps prevent air and water penetration

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Pinnacle 600: 6" aluminum rafter tube depth, supports spans of up to 30' wide (in a double pitch configuration)

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ROOF GARDEN Description

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A roof with a soil and vegetation cover, used in place of a conventional roof to achieve quantity and quality control. In many ways, it is similar to a rain garden ,but with negligible water storage capacity. It can also be known by the terms green roof and eco-roof. Key features are:  the roof structure is overlain by a waterproof membrane  soil, with an underlying drainage system (proprietary), supports vegetation  flow attenuation is achieved by evapotranspiration and soil capture  contaminants are removed by filtration through the soil Roof garden cross-section

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Applicability

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Caution: refer red flag box below regarding roof structural requirements Although quite novel in its concept, the roof garden is not only effective, but can also serve as an attractive landscaping feature when it can be seen from nearby decks or roofs. Performance Roof gardens act like pervious areas, although there is no net loss of water to soil infiltration. They can replicate the greenfield regime with respect to peak flows but not flow volume. Correspondingly, there is not generally a need to analyse their peak flow control performance. Given that a roof garden only controls the roof runoff, there may be a need to use it in conjunction with another on-site device (e.g. controlling site runoff) to meet the overall performance standard. Design and detailing issues  roof gardens should not be used with roof slopes greater than 10% (roof gardens), or up to 25% with lighter weight eco-roofs  careful structural and waterproofing detailing is needed to avoid leakage into the building  the required soil depth will depend on the local climatic conditions and applicable plant species (note: appropriate plant selection is vital, to both ensure that they can survive the conditions and will

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 the required soil depth will depend on the local climatic conditions and applicable plant species (note: appropriate plant selection is vital, to both ensure that they can survive the conditions and will maximise the evapotranspiration potential; plants may require irrigation in dry periods)  soil of adequate fertility and drainage needs to be applied

A key issue with roof gardens is the need for an adequate roof structure, to support the extra weight and ensure deflection is controlled to stay within the performance limits of the waterproofing material. Correspondingly, the costs of the roof structure and proprietary waterproofing systems should be checked before committing to a roof garden.

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GREEN ROOF It’s interesting if we see a green roof or we can say growing plant on the roof. Kind of green roof is like roof garden or sky garden that we can see on apartment or penthouse. As we know, day by day global temperature in the world is always up and we can feel it now. Green roof can reduce temperature in builbings. But to have a green roof, we can not growing plant in our roof. Before that we have to think, “is our building strength enough with load because of the plant or the medium on the roof. Now I will tell you some consideration of the green roof.

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Structural The component you have to know if we make a green roof are waterproofing membrane, a root barrier, a drainage barrier, a drainage layer, soil or other growing media and plants. We can not define exactly the load, because It is depend on the plant and the media. If we growing plant like flower or grass on the roof, of course we know that need not special structure, because the load is not really heavy. If we see like on apartment, there are many trees, pool among them and some kind of big plant, It needs special structure.

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Kind of Plant If we have to consider kind of plant before we growing them on the roof because of the load.

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Maintenance of green roof After plant the seed of the plant on the roof, remember if we have to maintain the plant. Before the plant really grow well and look beauty, you have to watering regularly. Usually you have to spend more money to make your green roof grow well. But don’t worry, you will satisfy when you see your green roof grow well.

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Types of Green Roof While there is no standard classification for green roofs, they can be divided into two basic types: Intensive Living Roofs - these incorporate plants from between 1

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to 15 feet high, including shrubs and trees. They require deep levels of soil to support them and a weight-loading roof. They support a high level of plant and wildlife diversity, but require ongoing maintenance and extensive irrigation. They are not suitable for most domestic buildings. Extensive Living Roofs - these incorporate low-lying plants from 2 to 6 inches high. They require only a few inches of soil to support them, and only need a low weight-loading roof. They are low maintenance and can be used for any kind of roof, including sheds, garages, houses, balconies, extensions and outhouses, and also commercial buildings. Both types of green roofs can be used for flat or pitched roof construction. Flat roofs are the most common and the easiest to establish and maintain, but green roofs can have a pitch up to 45 degrees. With sloped roofs, there are design issues affecting drainage and soil loss that need to be carefully considered.

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HIGH EFFICIENT FEATURES

Low energy bulbs

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 Wide range of low energy bulbs  All caps - BC, SBC, ES, SES  Brightness up to 400W  Warm white and daylight options

 Selection of fittings - 100% efficient  Suitable for use in any application; indoor or outdoor  Modern and traditional options

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Led lights in variety of colors

What is a Diode? An LED is a light emitting diode. A semiconductor diode is a twoterminal device, sometimes described as a pn. An LED is fabricated from asemiconductor material. One side of the semiconductor is attached to the P side which is the anode; the other side of the semiconductor is attached to the N side, the cathode. Electricity can flow from the p side to the n side. However, no electricity can flow in reverse. In effect, therefore, a diode is a unidirectional conductor.

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Components of an LED Light Common components of an LED include: A whisker which is connected to the anode, the anvil, which is connected to the cathode, a lens to illuminate the light created for distances and a high impact plastic casing to protect the LED. The Color of an LED Light LEDs are available in a variety of colors. While popular colors include red, yellow and green, one of the most difficult colors to create is white. In fact, it is currently not possible to create pure white for mass production. Most LED flash lights or light bulbs today that are white in color are actually not pure white, but whitish-blue. LEDs Offer Many Benefits

The Specific Benefits of LED Light

Energy efficiency – The light bulbs burn very cool, while

incandescent bulbs emit 98 per cent of their energy as heat! Much more bang for the buck.

Long life – These lights can last from 50,000 to 100,000 hours.

Incandescent light bulbs typically last around 1,000 hours and fluorescents are good for roughly 10,000 hours.

Rugged durability – LED lights have no fragile filament to contend

with, and no fragile tube. They are resistant to heat, cold, and shock.

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Lumens per watt – While manufacturers are still finding new ways

to increase this ratio, Cree Inc. has been able to produce an LED bulb that generates 131 lumens/watt. This is research, though. Today's available LEDs are the same as compact florescent bulbs, averaging around 55. Incandescent bulbs wander sadly in at about 15.

WATERLESS URINALS

Falcon Waterfree Philippines, a subsidiary of Falcon Waterfree Technologies, was registered on September 6, 2004 at the Securities and Exchange Commission with the concept of water conservation with waterfree urinal as its product. It was formed with a single purpose: to become the country’s leader in waterfree urinal systems. Since then, acceptance and interest in waterfree urinal systems has grown as the country has adopted a greater

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sense of urgency about finding solutions for a future where fresh water may be less available and certainly more costly. Able to penetrate the Philippine market, McDonalds Philippines became Falcon’s first client. In June 2004, shortly after being introduced to the product, they decided to retrofit all 245 stores to the waterfree system. These made Falcon conceptualized establishing a local office to offer after sales service. Then in December 2005, Jollibee Food Corporation signed a contract to retrofit all its group outlets, including Chowking and Greenwich, nationwide. As the product proved its worth in the market, SM Prime Holdings enrolled to retrofit all its malls nationwide. To date, SM North Edsa, SM Clark Pampanga and SM Megamall is completely converted with waterfree urinal system, and installation of the rest of the malls ongoing. Falcon Waterfree Technologies LCC, the parent company of Falcon Waterfree Philippines, was launched in year 2000. Falcon waterfree urinals reduce water and sewer costs, maintenance and repair bills, and create more hygienic odor-free restrooms. A patented, sealed cartridge eliminates the need for water, conserving an average of 150,000 liters per unit each year.

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Purchasing and installing Falcon waterfree urinals is less expensive than manual and automatic flush units because flush valves and associated piping are not required. Maintenance cost and vandalism problems associated with flush valves are also eliminated. Features:  Touch-free operation  Uses no water  Mechanical-free design  Patented, sealed locking cartridge  Maintenance-free cartridge  Vitreous china bowl  Smooth, non-porous surfaces  Small size Benefits:  improved hygiene and safety  reduced water and sewer costs  no costly flush valve or sensor repairs  odor-free and vandal proof  no need to replenish sealant between changes  unsurpassed durability  minimal care and easy cleaning  ideal for limited space installations

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How It Works The heart of the Falcon Waterfree urinal system is the cartridge, which acts as a drain trap. The cartridge design and use of nonporous materials ensure that all urine passes into the cartridge and through a unique, biodegradable sealant. The pleasant-smelling sealant liquid provides an airtight barrier between the drain and the restroom to prevent odors from escaping. The sealant lasts for the life of the cartridge, so there is no need to add sealant between cartridge changes. The cartridge also acts as a trap for uric sediment, which could otherwise contribute to drainage pipe clogging. The results are a virtually odor-free environment, clean pipes,and no water waste. The only maintenance is routine cleaning of the fixture and an easy change of the cartridge approximately three to four times per year. Economic Benefits Falcon Waterfree urinals reduce costs in three key ways: 1) Lower installation costs • No flushing mechanism or water supply lines. • Installation time is typically less than an hour per fixture.

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2) Lower water/sewer costs • Save 100 percent of the water and sewer costs associated with flush urinals. • Eliminate the energy costs associated with pumping water to and from the fixture. 3) Lower maintenance costs • No stuck or broken valves to repair. • No costly cleanup of flooding caused by clogged drains or mischief-makers. • Clogs and cleaning are reduced because drain lines remain free of hard-water calcification. • Daily maintenance is a quick “spray and wipe” process that reduces the amount of cleaning solution used.

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Hygienic and Aesthetic Benefits Falcon Waterfree urinal systems actually reduce odors and contribute to a cleaner, more sanitary restroom. A few facts explain why: • “Urine odor” primarily results from the reaction of urine with water and air, creating ammonia oxide. Without water, there’s no reaction. • Bacteria and viruses thrive on moist surfaces, and the wet surface of a flush urinal is a breeding ground for their growth. Plus, flushing creates a plume that spreads them around the restroom. The patented, sealed cartridge uses a biodegradable sealant liquid to control odors.

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Liquid sealant floats on top

urine passes through the sealant

and is isolated from the restroom while it proceeds to the drain

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Environmental Benefits Each Falcon Waterfree urinal saves an average of 40,000 gallons (151,000 liters) of water each year. Plus, with waterfree urinals, water does not have to be pumped to or from the urinal. This saves energy, which in turn reduces carbon dioxide emissions associated with energy production – emissions that contribute to global warming.

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Planning Checklist: Benefits of Going Waterfree Falcon Waterfree urinals offer numerous benefits that will make your job easier and help fulfil your strategic facility plan. Falcon Waterfree Urinals (compared to manual and automatic flush urinals) Cost  Lowest initial product cost.  Lowest installation costs – fewer materials, less labor.  Lowest operating costs – zero water consumption, negligible sewer charges, and no need for odor-control products.  Low maintenance costs – replace the cartridge three to four times per year.  Reduce vandalism and eliminate floods – no water supply, valves, or sensors to be tampered with.

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Hygiene  Touch-free operation  Odor-free fixture  Bacteria reduction  Environment  Water conservation – an average of 40,000 gallons per year, per Urinal.

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 Reduction in the use of harsh cleansers

 Energy savings by avoiding water/waste pumping and sewage Treatment.

CARTRIDGE INFORMATION

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•The cartridge acts as a funnel, allowing the sealant liquid to prevent odors from escaping. •The cartridge traps urine sediment, thereby preventing it from building and clogging the pipes. •With an average of 7,000 uses, a single cartridge can save up to 20,000 liters of precious water •Cartridge & Sealant has no shelf-life limit. Commercial Centre“.
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REPLACABLE CARTRIDGE DATA

Our proprietary cartridge is the heart of the Falcon urinal system. It serves four functions.First, it acts as a funnel, allowing liquid from the bowl to flow into the cartridge. Next, the cartridge holds the sealant liquid that creates a barrier between urine and the open air, thereby eliminating odors. Third, the cartridge acts as a filter for uric sediment. Much of the

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sediment that can cause drainage pipe corrosion is trapped at the bottom of the cartridge. Last, the cartridge allows the remaining urine to be freely disposed down the drain.

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Each replacement cartridge comes with the cartridge, a plastic key for removal and installation, pre-measured liquid sealant pack, disposal bag, plastic glove and changing instructions. Features • Made from recyclable ABS plastic

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• Sealant liquid is 100% biodegradable • Average life cycle of 7,000 uses, conserving approximately 10,000 gallons of fresh water per unit • High quality O-ring creates durable, positive seal between urinal and cartridge.

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• Easily installed and removed with simple to use key.

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• Easily monitored to detect need for replacement: trace amounts of blue sealant will appear.

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THE CARTRIDGE

ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS Ecopolis Grand Bazaar encourage not only customer and employees but also the Tarlaqueños to get on the environmental conciusness, this is through the purchase of the recyclable shopping bags and participation in the regular recycling fair at the mall where everyone can sell their recyclable goods, such as paper and plastic, ect.

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT
FOUNDATION MAT/RAFT FOUNDATION

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A large, thick concrete slab that sustains the load imposed by a number of columns and/or walls; also called a raft foundation or floating foundation.

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The mat (or raft) foundation can be considered a large footing extending over a great area, frequently an entire building. All vertical structural loadings from columns and alls are supported on the common foundation. Typically, the mat is utilized for conditions where a preliminary design indicates that individual columns or footings would be undesirably close together or try to overlap. The mat is frequently utilitzed as a method to reduce or distribute building loads in order to reduce differential settlement between adjacent areas. To function properly, the mat structure will be more rigid and thicker than individual spread footing.

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STRUCTURAL STEEL CONSTRUCTION Steel frame usually refers to a building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the modern structure possible.

FABRIC ARCHITECTURE Fabric Architecture has been specialising in the design, manufacture and installation of tensile fabric structures since 1984. The company specialises in both bespoke design-and-build structures and

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pre-designed and engineered "off the shelf" Signature Structures, with 5000 installations throughout the world. The staff bring more than 25 years' experience in the field of fabric architecture, from concept to visualisation, design, engineering, manufacture and installation. SPECIFICATIONS PVC Coated Polyester:
• • • •

Available in many colours Lasts up to 15 years 20% light transmission Will not ignite 122

Silicon Glass Weave:
• • • • • •

Available in white Lasts up to 25 years 40% light transmission Recyclable & non toxic UV-B & UV-C harmfull rays blocked Allows plant growth beneath

Available Colours:
• • • • • • •

White Cream Yellow Red Green Light Blue Blue

(Non-standard canopies available on request)

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Steelwork:
• • •

Mild steel power coated or hot dipped galvanised Two pack epoxy painted to any RAL colour Specialist metallic paint finishes also available

Fittings:
• •

316 stainless steel Lighting: brackets can be fitted

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Services of Rize Innovations ( BRAND ) DESIGN Our creative team works in collaboration with the client to achieve optimum aesthetic appeal, user comfort, and performance when developing a design. Our team of engineers and architects can offer their technical expertise when the client is deciding on which design and fabric material works best.

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MATERIALS We offer a range of tensile materials to accommodate the uniqueness of each project taking into account factors such as weather proofing and wind load. These materials include a selection of high-tech fabrics such as PVC/PTFE coated membranes, motorized sunshades, retractable awnings and more. 124

Each project is detailed with high-quality steel connections, an integral part of structural design and performance. INSTALLATION Experienced and skilled installers are key to efficient structure construction. Our site supervisors coordinate with our office staff and construction team to deliver excellent project results.

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SITE ANALYSIS
GEOGRAPHY The Central Plain of Luzon is the physiographic expression of a large structural trough separating the Zambales Mountain to the west from the Sierra Madre to the east. This trough was depressed below sea

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level during late Tertiary and perhaps early Quaternary time. The trough was filled to its present extent with material washed down from the mountain slopes and deposited in the form of fan and detail deposits and, later, flood plain deposits. The deepest wells in the Tarlac area are about 300 meter deep and penetrate only part of the Quaternary alluvium but the underlying rocks can be inferred from exposures of older rocks in the hills and mountains that lie to the west of the Tarlac poblacion. The basement complex exposed in the Zambales Mountains comprises basic igneous rocks of Cretaceous to early Tertiary Age. Overlying the basement are tuffaceous clastic sedimentary rocks (shales, siltstones, sandstones and conglomerates) of Middle to Late Tertiary Age. Limestones are observed locally.

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The Tertiary sediments,presumably, are overlain by the Quaternary alluvium that fills the depressed plain. The Quaternary alluvium is an intricately interbedded sequence of uncemented clays, sands and gravels, each bed being relatively thin and

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of limited lateral extent. The original complex pattern of deposition and reworking by the sea has resulted in a maze of fingers and lenses of sands and gravels that are difficult to trace and predict. Appendices A – P through VII-B-17 are stratigraphic logs of wells in the area, that illustrate the situation. Even the major units logged are groups of thin beds lumped under the name of the major constituent, such as “clay with some sand and gravel”. The thickness of the Quaternary alluvium is uncertain; some wells were drilled to 300 m without encountering any significant change in section while two wells (TLC-32 & TLC-33) at Tinapatan encountered possibly older sediments at about 200 meters. The wells drilled near the hills encountered “adobe” (tuff, tuffaceous sandstone), limestone and sandstone at shallow depth which is probably indicative of rocks older than the Quaternary alluvium. This implies that the alluvium thins out of a feather edge as it overlaps the older rocks exposed in the hills west of Tarlac.

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TOPOGRAPHY The physical terrain of the City of Tarlac is generally flat with

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slightly rolling to mountainous on the western part. The whole city is traversed by the Tarlac River system. SLOPE Slope refers to the upward or downward inclination of the land surface. The topography of Tarlac City, which is predominantly level to gently sloping (0-3% slope gradient) covers 90.84% or 38,633.44 hectares, which is suitable for urban expansion and settlements development, and for agricultural production. Slope 3-8% which is gently rolling to undulating accounts for 6.01% of the city’s land area or 2,555.36 hectares. Moderately sloping to rolling areas, slope of 8%-18%, cover 982.67 hectares or 2.31%. The smallest percentage of 358.53 hectares or 0.84% of the city’s land area is rolling to hilly, with a slope gradient of 18-30%. This area is on the far western part of the city, near the boundaries of the municipality of San Jose. Land areas on the above-mentioned slopes are suitable for livestock grazing as identified by the SAFDZ, Bureau of

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SOIL TYPES

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Soil in Tarlac City is of eight types. These are: Angeles Coarse Sand - this type of soil is found on riverbeds or intermittent streams and creeks, which dry up after the rainy season. The texture of the soil is coarse to medium sand from the surface down to a depth of more than a meter. Angeles Fine Sand - the surface soil of this type, varying in depth from 25 to 45 centimeters, is very pale-gray, loose clay. When the soil is dry the surface is almost whitish in gravelly sand. The color is either pale reddish brown or brownish gray. La Paz Fine Sandy Loam - the surface soil of this type, ranging in depth from 40 to 50 centimeters, is light grayish brown to pale-gray fine sandy loam. Due to the presence of same silt and clay, the undisturbed soil in the field is compact and hard and cracks when dry. The subsoil down to 110 centimeters more or less is grayish-brown to yellowish gray and medium to coarse sand. The substratum is brownishgray coarse sand. Luisita Sandy Loam - the surface soil of this type is brownish gray to gray, loose and structureless sandy loam. The depth varies from 40 to 50 centimeters. The subsoil with a depth of 80 to 90 centimeters is brownish-gray coarse and with a small amount of clay and soft

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Luisita Fine Sandy Loam - the surface soil of this type with a depth of 35 centimeters is a whitish gray fine sandy loam. There is a small amount of silt and clay which makes the soil compact, hard and crack when dry. The subsoil is brownish gray, somewhat mottled with gray and yellowish-gray sandy loam with little clay to a depth of about 100 centimeters. Tarlac Clay Loam - the surface soil of this type is dark-gray to nearly black fine granular sticky and gritty clay loam. Its depth ranges from 35 to 50 centimeters. The sub-soil or “B” horizon is characterized by calcium carbonate accumulation. Its depth is about 50 to 80 centimeters. There is no distinct line of separation in the “A” and “B” horizons with regards to clay content. The limestone precipitates, the reddish-brown concretions, and the whitish specks mark the “B” horizon. The parent material is tuff or tuffaceous sandstones. Tarlac Clay Loam, Gravelly Phase – this type of soil occurs in the Tarlac Clay Loam type as areas of lighter soils, with reddish brown to red, gravelly and concretion filled profile. The surface soil is friable and granular ranging in depth from 45 to 60 centimeters.

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Tarlac Sandy Clay Loam - the surface of this type is light gray to dark gray sandy clay loam. Its depth ranges from 30 to 55 centimeters. There is more surface, due to run-off and leaching. The subsoil is characterized by limestone precipitate and some reddishbrown concretions and white specks. Its depth ranges from 60 to 85 centimeters.

SOIL CLASSIFICATION CITY OF TARLAC TY PE NO. 71 73 81 84 85 86 87 89 AREA (in Hectares) 3,167.91 793.66 372.73 10,067.00 6,923.68 3,695.66 8,403.03 9,126.33 42,550.00 % TO TOT AL 7.45% 1.87% 0.88% 23.66 % 16.27 % 8.69% 19.75 % 21.45 % 100.0 0%

SOIL TYPE ANGELES COARSE SAND ANGELES FINE SAND LA PAZ FINE SANDY LOAM LUISITA SANDY LOAM LUISITA FINE SANDY LOAM TARLAC CLAY LOAM GRAVELLY PHASE TARLAC CLAY LOAM TARLAC SANDY CLAY LOAM TOTAL

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CLIMATE The climate of Tarlac resembles closely that of the surrounding provinces, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Pangasinan. It two (2) distinct seasons: wet and dry. The months of November to April are generally dry while the rest of the year is the rainy season.

Climate

Rainy Seasons

Month June July August September October November December January February March April May

Average Rainfall 286.8 mm 358.4 mm 378.9 mm 315.9 mm 193.1 mm 112.6 mm 36.9 mm 8.1 mm 3.4 mm 13.3 mm 21.5 mm 165.1 mm

Cool Dry

Hot Dry

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Tarlac receives its continuous rainfall during the southwest monsoon period from June to November, which corresponds with the wet season. The northeast monsoon period from the months of November to may with the dry season.

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SLOPE CLASSIFICATION CITY OF TARLAC

S L O P E

DESCRIPTION

AREA (in Hectares)

% TO TOTA L

M

0-3 %

LEVEL TO GENTLY SLOPING

38,653.44

90.84%

N

3-8 %

GENTLY SLOPING TO UNDULATING

2,555.36

6.01%

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O

8 - 18 %

UNDULATING TO ROLLING

982.67

2.31%

P

18 30 %

ROLLING TO HILLY

358.53

0.84%

TOTAL

42,550.00

100.00 %

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WATER RESOURCES The City of Tarlac has various communal bodies of water. The main tributary is Tarlac River, which is more or less 16 miles long. It is a great source of gravel and sand. The other bodies of water are: Armenia Dam - Barangay Armenia Bangan Lupa River - Barangay Tibagan Banaba Creek - Barangay Banaba Culipat Creek - Barangay Culipat Sinait Creek - Barangay Sinait Soliman Creek - Barangay Balanti Lucung Creek - Barangay Sto. Niño Buenavista Creek - Barangay Buenavista 134

Masalasa Creek - Barangay Binauganan Ungot Creek - Barangay Ungot Amucao Creek - Barangay Amucao Balingcanaway Creek - Barangay Balingcanaway Sto. Niño Creek - Barangay Sto. Niño Mapalad Creek - Barangay Mapalad

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MAP OF THE PHILIPPINES

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MAP OF TARLAC PROVINCE

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LOCATION MAP: TARLAC CITY

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VICINITY MAP

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CURRENT SITE PHOTO

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EXSISTING LAND USED PLAN

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PROPOSED LAND USED PLAN

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ROAD MAP
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CLIMATE MAP

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SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN

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RELATED ESTABLISHMENT WITHIN THE VICINITY

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PERSPECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
IMAGES OF THE ECOPOLIS GRAND BAZAAR

NORMAL VIEW PERSPECTIVE.

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L O B B Y.

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B A Z A A R.

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C I N E M A.

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C I N E M A B A R L O U N G E.
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F I T N E S S G Y M.

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W E L L N E S S S P A.

ROCK CLIMBING.

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AERIAL PERSPECTIVE.

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DESIGN CONCEPT
Simply Sustainability is the solid concept of our proposal. It is all about development that meets the need of the present without 155

compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. When we say sustainability we mean two valuable matter, Sustainability in Architecture and Sustainability in Economy. Building Sustainability essentially means being more prudent and more efficient in terms of resource consumption, ( power, fuel, water ) and in waste generation ( garbage and sewage ). In increasing cost of energy and water resource alone, being more efficient in our consumption and being less wasteful generates savings in operation cost. Being Sustainable is too costly at first, But in the long run, it worth the savings and from their where economy comes out. In order to serve you have to observe, and by that observation you have to find out what were your client/customers needs in order for you to know what kind of services to be offered. And knowing what services is needed will give you a proper design solution.

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Bazaar.

That is the concept behind our project Ecopolis We

Grand

always make it a point that our project will be open in all kind of social

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lifestyles, from High Class to Mid-Class down to the economically insufficient individuals. And because our main concern is our customers, we want to make their shopping experience much of leisure than ever. That can be achieve via services offered and well planned and design spaces outside and within the building. We adopted the Indoor-Outdoor Fusion, that is making both indoor and outdoor spaces relative to each other. This concept revolved around the theory of bringing nature to indoor with the intension of creating a one-of-a kind shopping experience.

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
“..FUTURacr- green architecture.green earth..Moving ahead towards green design to meet absolute stability of future generation..” Our design concerns not only the present, We also consider the next generation who’s going to benefit this project in the coming future. We at Ecopolis materials and high

Grand Bazaar

introduce Eco-friendly

efficient systems to make our building more self-efficient and sustainable.

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DESIGN GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
GOALS: 157

To put up a Commercial Establishment that suites and serve all social Lifestyle.

To contribute greatly to the economic development of the city.

• •

To provide leisure and recreation to the city. To provide JOB opportunities to the citizens as it operates.

OBJECTIVES: • To pursue the campaign for Sustainable Construction and

Development. • • To provide Additional routes for PUJ and Tricycle within the vicinity. To achieve the 3rd priority of Tarlac City’s CLUP - Recreation Tourism. • To improve the existing area of commerce by providing amenities and utilities, as well as adequate infrastructure necessary for Business.

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DESIGN COSIDERATIONS

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ACCESIBILITY- To enhance the mobility of handcuffs from one area to another and making all services reachable from one certain space to relative spaces. CIRCULATION- All spaces should be designed inter-related to each other as in function for total convenience.

COMMUNICATION- Consideration in provision of telecommunication services for the business operations and public use.

UTILITIES- Taking into consideration the availability of water/power source in the area.

LIGHTING SYSTEM- Proper illumination must be provided indoor and outdoor.

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WATER SUPPLY- Must be portable for all times and it is free from any dirt and bacteria that may cause illness. SECURITY- Provision of quality security facilities for the safety of the customers and provision of security guards within the operation hours and after.

FIRE EXIT- Exits should be provided in accordance to the fir code of the Philippines.

SANITATION- provision of excellent janitorial/housekeeping service to safeguard the health of our customers. AESTHETICS- Beauty, Strength, and Function of the building, through proper planning and developing space relationship in most sufficient way.

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LANDSCAPING- Bringing the customer into a much relaxing experience as they shop by means of nature. PARKING SPACES- Proper traffic flow within the site and adequate parking areas /spaces for the convenience of the customers /employees. STRUCTURAL STRENGHT- A well specified building materials will give the building stability a strength to withstand any forces of nature. VENTILATION- Taking into consideration the proper and well design of spaces to achieve passive cooling in some areas and using mechanical systems in some areas for more convenience. ECO-FRIENDLY- Injecting green design in our planning to achieve building sustainability and to pursue the campaign against global warming.

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SPACE PLANNING- Efficiency in terms of functions and use, which is achieved in proper zoning and spaces relatedness.

ORIENTATION- It should be in accordance to the existing climate condition of the area and existing situation.

ENERGY CONSERVATION- Introduction of modern system that reduces/minimizes operation cost .

SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL- Systematic garbage disposal shall be provided and accessible by garbage truck. ECONOMY- Other available component that is Economically sound. All services can be availed by all kind of social lifestyle. But we mostly considered the economically insufficient individuals.

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FUNDING CONCEPT
The proposed project will be financed by the land owner

Skylands Holdings SPACE ALLOCATIONS
GROUND FLOOR AREAS REATAILS SIZE 5.5X8 5.5X6 Irregular irregular

and Management Inc.

AREA 44 sq.m 33 sq.m 52.35 sq.m 43.98 sq.m

NO. TOTAL AREA 27 1,188 sq.m 5 165 sq.m 9 471.15 sq.m 6 263 sq.m Total area 2,088.03 sq.m Area 1,896 sq.m 632s sq.m 2,528 s.qm 2,980 s.qm 700 s.qm 3,680 s.qm Total area 6,208 s.qm

Anchor stores Supermarket Selling area Stock room/service Total area Bazaar Selling area/tenant area Stock room/service Total area

Factor 70-80% 20-25%

70-80% 20-25%

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FASTFOOD Dining area Kitchen Circulation Capacity 70 person Factor 1.7 50% 18% Area No. 123 sq.m 150 sq.m 2 27 sq.m Total area 600 sq.m

ENTERTAINMENT PLAZA Audience hall Stage Capacity 300+ Factor .65 Area 214 sq.m 50 sq.m Total area 265 sq.m

CENTRAL DISPLAY AREA ( SECONDARY LOOBY ) Total area 314.15 sqm Bank Customers, teller, others. Office with Cr Area 200 sq.m 44 sq.m Total area 244 sq.m

PHARMACY Customers, others. Stock room Area 160 sq.m 40 sq.m Total area 470 sq.m

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HOME FURNISHING Customer, show area Stock room Area 420 sq.m 50 sq.m Total area 470 sq.m

BOOKSTORE Total area 421.5 sqm HALLWAY CONCESSIONS ( AREA LEASEABLE BY TENANTS ) Size Area No. Total area 2x12 24 sq.m 1 24 sq.m 2x16 32 sq.m 3 96 sq.m 2x10 20 sq.m 3 60 sq.m irregular 106.82 sq.m 1 106.82 sq.m Total area 186.82 sq.m RESTROOM ( he/she ) SIZE CR1 5X12 DISABLE CR 4X5 CR2 11X6 CR3 5X16

AREA 60 20 66 80 Total area 206 sq.m

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SECOND FLOOR AREAS CINEMA Area 827.6 sq.m FOODCOURT Dining area Food stalls and food cart Remaining area allotted public spaces, hallways ect. SUPPORT FACILITIES Storage/washing area Locker room and lounge Maintenance room/M&E room Area 130 sq.m 50 sq.m 35 sq.m Total area 215 sq.m Capacity 288 Factor 1.7 30% Area 489.6 sq.m 394.75 sq.m 346.29 sq.m Total area 1,230.64 sq.m no. 4 Total area 3,310.4 sq.m

RESTROOM ( he/she ) Size No. 5x12 1 11x6 1 5x16 1 4x5 1

Total area 60 sq.m 66 sq.m 80 sq.m 20 sq.m Total area 226 sq.m

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RETAIL SHOP Size 5.5x8 irregular

Area 44 sq.m 52.35 sq.m

No. Total area 20 880 sq.m 7 366.45 sq.m Total area 1,246.45 sq.m

UPPER BAZAAR Total area 1,480 sq.m MUSIC BAR LOUNGE Capacity Dining area 100 Kitchen/service

Factor 1.4 50%

Area 140 sq.m 110 sq.m Total area 250 sq.m

GAME ARCADE Total area 640 sq.m FUN HOUSE Total area 400 sq.m HALLWAY CONCESSIONS Size 27x2 20x2 27x2 14x2 18x2 11x2 irregular

Area 54 sq.m 40 sq.m 54 sq.m 28 sq.m 36 sq.m 22 sq.m 10 sq.m Total area 244 sq.m

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THIRD FLOOR AREAS FINE DINE RESTAURANT Capacity Dining area 60 person Kitchen Circulation Factor Areas 1.4 83.64 sq.m 50% 102 18% 18.36 Total area 408 sq.m No. 2

RETAILS Size 5.5x8 5.5x6 3x4 irregular Area 44 33 12 52.35 No. Total area 13 572 sq.m 4 132 sq.m 9 108 sq.m 4 209 sq.m Total area 1,021.40 sq.m

FOODCOURT ( including facilities ) Total area 92 sq.m FITNESS GYM ( incl. facilities and activity area and aerobics studio with 40 person accommodation. ) Total area 980 sq.m SPA ( incl. beauty salon ) Total area 1,100 sq.m DECK GARDEN Total area 965 sq.m

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HALLWAY CONCESSIONS Size 2x18 2x12 2x11 irregular BASEMENT FLOOR AREAS BASEMENT PARKING AREA Total area 7,700 sq.m HOUSE KEEPING DEPARTMENT Total area 1,306 sq.m ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT Total area 1,135.62 sq.m REATAILS Size 5.5x8

Area 36 sq.m 24 sq.m 22 sq.m 286 sq.m Total area 368 sq.m

Area 44 sq.m

No. Total area 8 352 sq.m Total area 352 sq.m

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TOTAL AREAS
BASEMENT TOTAL LEASEABLE AREA: 352.00 SQ.M NON-LEASEABLE AREA: 10,141.00 SQ.M TOTAL FLOOR AREA: 10,493.00 SQ.M GROUND FLOOR TOTAL LEASEABLE AREA: 11,447.50 SQ.M NON-LEASEABLE AREA: 4,619.27 SQ.M TOTAL FLOOR AREA: 16,066.77 SQ.M SECOND FLOOR TOTAL LEASEABLE AREA: 8,925.49SQ.M NON-LEASEABLE AREA: 3,797.95SQ.M TOTAL FLOOR AREA: 12,599.44 SQ.M THIRD FLOOR TOTAL LEASEABLE AREA: 4,810.4SQ.M NON-LEASEABLE AREA: 2,194.81SQ.M

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TOTAL FLOOR AREA: 7,129.21 SQ.M PARKING COMPUTATION TOTAL AREA TO BE CONSIDERED: 308.71 SQ.M

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= 307.71 SAY: 310 ABOVE SHOULD BE PROVIDED

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CONSTRUCTION COST
BASEMENT – 10,493 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 15,000 = Php157,395,000

GROUND FLOOR – 16,006.77 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 23,000 = Php369,535,710

SECOND FLOOR – 12,843.44 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 23,000 = Php295,399,120

THIRD FLOOR – 7,497.21 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 23,000 = Php172,435,830

ROOF DECK - 7,497.21 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 20,000 = Php149,944,200

AXILIARY BUILDING – 273 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 23,000 = Php6,279,000

LANDSCAPING – 30,410.63 SQ.M PARAMETER COST X 12,000 = Php364,927,560

PARKING AREA AND ROAD – 4,576.60 SQ.M

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PARAMETER COST

X 15,000

= Php68,649,000

Total construction cost :

Php1,584,565,420

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LEASING PRICE:
GROUND FLOOR SPACES Retails Php800 /sq.m ( 2,088.03 sq.m ) Php1,670,424 Anchor Stores Php850 /sq.m (6,208 sq.m) Php5,276,800 Fast food Php800 /sq.m ( 600 sq.m ) Php480,000 Central display area Php850 /sq.m (314.14sq.m) Php267,027.50 Bank Php1500/sq.m (244sq.m) 172

Php366,000

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Pharmacy Php800/sq.m ( 470sq.m) Php376,000 Home furnishing Php800/sq.m ( 470sq.m ) Php376,000 Bookstore Php800/sq.m (421.50sq.m ) Php337,200 Hallway concessions Php650 (366.82sq.m ) Php238,433 SECOND FLOOR SPACES Upper Bazaar

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Php875 ( 1,480sq.m ) Php1,295,000 Game Arcade Php850 ( 640sq.m) Php544,000

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Funhouse Php600 (400sq.m) Php240,000 Cinema Php900 (3,310sq.m) Php2,979,000 Food court Php850 (394.75sq.m) Php335,537.50 Retails Php850 (1,246.45sq.m) Php1,059,482.50 Hallway concessions Php675 (244sq.m) Php164,700 174

THIRD FLOOR SPACES Fine dine restaurant Php875 (408sq.m) Php357,000

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Retails Php875 (1,021sq.m) Php893,725 Food court Php875 (92sq.m) Php80,500 Fitness gym Php900 (980sq.m.) Php882,000 Spa Php875 (1,100sq.m) Php962,500 Hallway concessions Php690 (368sq.m)

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Php253,920 BASEMENT SPACES Retails Php850 (352sq.m) Php299,200

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Total Income
Basement : php299,200

Ground floor : php9,378,884.50 Second floor : php6,286,220 Third floor : php3,728,845

______________________ Php19,693,149.50/month Php236,317,794/annual 20% labor and maintenance cost = Php47,263,558.80 Total annual income: Php189,054,235.20

Return of Investment
Construction cost = Php1,584,565,420 / Total annual income = Php189,054,235.20

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 8.38 years = say 8 and 4 months

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Economic analysis
Our Proposed project Ecopolis serve as a

Grand Bazaar ,

will

component to spur the local economy in Tarlac. The existing economic crisis today in the philippines calls for the feasibility of this business cathegory. Today lot of people are getting more wiser in spending their money, example by just avail their basic needs, they want to avail products and services that are fit to their bugets. And what is more important in erecting a business is finding out your customers profile, it is also critical that you know the local market’s preferences. Different commercial centre cater to different markets and it is the location of the mall that defines this. There are mall intended for the more high-end clientele and there are malls that cater to the masses.

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Knowing where your product will fit can be the make or break factor for your store’s success. Bear in mind that there’s no use having high customer traffic if the majority of the mall’s customer population are not willing to buy your goods.

Operational Feasibility
Ecopolis Grand Bazaar operation starts from 10:00 am to 10:00pm. -12 hours a day

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Bibliography
Reference:  Time Saver Standards for Building types, 3rd edition  National Building Code( IRR )  Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary  Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines  Planning and Designers Handbook By Max Fajardo  Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Tarlac City  Lungsod ( Tarlac City’s Official News Journal )  Eco City Square – Thesis Book 2007( Unpublished )  www.tropiqueconcept.com  www.oasisdesign.net

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 www.google.com  www.cybexintl.com  www.yahoo.com  www.tropicopia.com  www.falconwaterfree.com  www.tarlaccity.gov.ph  Sunpower Philippines Manufacturing Ltd.

.EcoPolis Grand Bazaar.“ A self-efficient
Commercial Centre“.
============================================================ ===================

Bibliography
Reference:  Time Saver Standards for Building types, 3rd edition  National Building Code( IRR )  Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary  Revised National Plumbing Code of the Philippines  Planning and Designers Handbook By Max Fajardo  Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Tarlac City  Lungsod ( Tarlac City’s Official News Journal )  Eco City Square – Thesis Book 2007( Unpublished )

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 www.tropiqueconcept.com  www.oasisdesign.net  www.google.com  www.cybexintl.com  www.yahoo.com  www.tropicopia.com  www.falconwaterfree.com  www.tarlaccity.gov.ph  Sunpower Philippines Manufacturing Ltd.

Amie T. Diamzon
#193 San Jose, Santa Rita Pampanga E – mail Address: amiediamzon@yahoo.com Contact Nos. +63910-680-4705 / 900-2356 loc.045

PERSONAL DATA
Name Date of Birth Place of Birth Address Age Sex Civil Status Citizenship : : : : : : : : Amie Talavera Diamzon January 26, 1988 San Miguel, Tarlac City, Tarlac #193 San Jose, Santa Rita Pampanga 21 years of age Female Single Filipino

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Religion

:

Roman Catholic Pampango, Tagalog, English 5’5” 95 lbs. Jose M. Diamzon Leonila T. Diamzon

Languages Spoken : Height Weight Father’s Name Mother’s Name : : : :

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Tertiary : Don Honorio Ventura College of Arts and Trade Bachelor of Science in Architecture Bacolor, Pampanga 2004 – 2009 Santa Rita College Santa Rita, Pampanga 2000 – 2004 San Fernando Elementary School City of San Fernando, Pampanga 1994 – 1996 Maimpis Elementary School Maimpis, City of San Fernando Pampanga 1996 – 1999 Santa Rita Elementary School Santa Rita, Pampanga 1999 - 2000

Secondary

:

Primary

:

181

SPECIAL SKILLS
Architectural Drafting Knowledge in AutoCadd Drafting Skills in Architectural Rendering Computer Literate

Gellyn T. David
Santa Monica, Santa Rita Pampanga E – mail Address: gellyntdavid@yahoo.com Contact No. +63910-417-8213

PERSONAL DATA:
Name Date of Birth Place of Birth Address Age Sex Civil Status : : : : : : : Gellyn Tabligan David December 19, 1986 Santa Rita, Pampanga Santa Monica, Santa Rita Pampanga 22 years of age Female Single

182

Citizenship Religion

: :

Filipino Roman Catholic Pampango, Tagalog, English 5’1” 97 lbs. Pedro B. David Jr. Vilma T. David

Languages Spoken : Height Weight Father’s Name Mother’s Name : : : :

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND:
Tertiary : Don Honorio Ventura College of Arts and Trade Bachelor of Science in Architecture Bacolor, Pampanga 2004 – 2009 Santa Rita College Santa Rita, Pampanga 2000 – 2004 Santa Rita Elementary School Santa Rita, Pampanga 1994 – 2000

Secondary

:

Primary

:

Special Skills:
Architectural Drafting Knowledge in AutoCad Drafting Computer Literate

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