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Fundamentals of RF Engineering A strong understanding of RF engineering fundamentals is required to optimize the performance of cellular networks.

This course presents the fundamentals of RF engineering for new engineers who need to be grounded in the fundamentals and existing engineers who need to fill in any gaps they may have in their understanding. This course illustrates the network architecture and highlights the importance of several aspects of RF engineering. The RF propagation mechanisms that affect the RF signal path from the transmitter to the receiver are discussed. Coverage is discussed using the link budget examples for 2G and 3G systems. Traffic engineering is described from the perspective of Erlang-B and backhaul provisioning. Deployments of GSM and CDMA/WCDMA/EV-DO networks are considered. Finally, tools useful for network planning/design, deployment, and optimization are reviewed. Learning Objectives After completing this course, the student will be able to: • Sketch the network architecture for 2G, 2.5G, and 3G • Outline KPIs that quantify RF performance • Discuss the roles of various RF components • Describe RF propagation mechanisms • Explain various components of the link budget • Summarize how Erlang-B can be used for capacity provisioning • Discuss the influence of vocoders and high-speed data on traffic engineering • Contrast TDMA deployment with CDMA deployment • Describe issues with equipment sharing between 2G/2.5G and 3G • Explain how tools can be used during various stages of the cellular network (e.g., design, deployment, and optimization) Intended Audience This fundamentals course is intended for new or experienced RF engineers who need familiarity with the fundamentals of RF engineering. Course Length 2 Days Instructor Led Course Outlines / Knowledge Knuggets 1. Overview of GSM/GPRS/UMTS 1.1. GSM, GPRS, UMTS architecture 1.2. Evolution from GSM/GPRS to UMTS 2. Introduction to Cellular RF Engineering 2.1. Stages of technology deployment 2.2. Planning, design, engineering, optimization

1. omni and sectorized) 3. Tools for Deployment and Optimization 9. RF technology factors impacting capacity 8. dBm) 4..5G and 3G-specific features for enhanced RF performance (e.2.2. Deployment Considerations 8. PHY layer functions 5. WCDMA 8. duplexer and diplexer 3.2.5G and 3G link budget (components of the link budget with numerical examples) 6.4. jumpers.3.2.3.2. LNA. SIR. RF Terms (RSSI.4.1.. HPA. TMA. repeaters 4. network economics. Baseband and RF processing 3. Review of RF Components 3.1. Spectrum for network deployment 5. Network planning/design tools 9.3.4. RF Propagation Fundamentals 4. and short-term fading 4. GSM vs. Feeders.g. Capacity and Traffic Engineering 7. Coverage and Link Budget Fundamentals 6. Troubleshooting/KPI monitoring tools 9. Influence of carrier frequency 6.3. Influence of AMR and high-speed data 7. Hata-Okumara and COST-231) 4. UTRAN architecture 5.3. Significance of link budget 6.3. Antennas (basic principles.2.1.CapEx/OpEx. RF optimization approaches .4. Challenges of an overlay network 7. long-term fading. Voice calls and Erlang-B model (trunking and GoS) 7.2. Distance-based path loss. Drive-testing and post-processing 9. 2G/ 2. handover and power control) 8.4. dB. Handover 5. HSPA 6. KPIs 2.2.1. WCDMA and HSPA Fundamentals 5.4.g.3. Backhaul provisioning 7. Propagation models (e.1.3. 2G/2.1. Importance of RF engineering 3. Cell-site planning/sharing 9.4. Radio and core. backhaul.