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External Measurement of Student Achievement May 2010

Grade

Science

TEST INSTRUCTIONS
Please make sure that you have a separate answer sheet with this test paper. Please check that the answer sheet has your details printed on it. If not, print your name and date of birth on your answer sheet in the area provided. Please check that the subject and grade number on your answer sheet matches this question paper. This test has 40 QUESTIONS. Each question has four possible answers. Only one is correct. Please use a pencil only to shade in the answer bubble of your choice on your answer sheet. Choose the correct answer from A, B, C or D and shade this bubble in on your SCIENCE ANSWER SHEET. If you make a mistake then rub out your answer completely and shade in the bubble of your new answer. All answers must be marked on your ANSWER SHEET. You are allowed 1 hour and 15 minutes for this test.

Grade 7 Science

1

Which table gives the chemical symbol for these elements? Element Element Symbol Hydrogen Hydrogen H A B Sodium Sodium S Chlorine Chlorine C Element Symbol Element Hydrogen H Hydrogen D C Sodium Na Sodium Chlorine Cl Chlorine What is the role of the cell membrane? Animal cell: cell membrane nucleus
cytoplasm

Symbol Hy So Ch Symbol H N C

2

A B C D
3

It controls all the activities of the cell. It is where many chemical reactions take place. It regulates movement of substances in and out of the cell. It is where nutrients are stored which give energy to the cell.

Jupiter

Sun Venus Mars Saturn Inner planets Outer planets How do the inner planets differ from the outer planets?

Mercury

Earth

Uranus

Neptune

A B C D

Inner planets small, mainly made of gas mainly rocky, revolve on axis shorter orbit, mainly made of gas small, mainly rocky

Outer planets large, rocky mainly made of gas, do not revolve longer orbit, rocky large, mainly made of gas

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Grade 7 Science

4

How does gravity affect the oceans?

A B C D
5

It makes the waves. It creates Tsunamis. It makes them blue. It creates the tides.

People need to eat certain vitamins to stay healthy. Microbes can make all the vitamins they require. Some microbes live inside people's guts, do not cause disease but do release excess vitamins. Which statement describes the role of these microbes?

A B C D
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All microbes living inside people and on their skin are harmful. People can improve their diet by eating more microbes to get vitamins. Some microbes can cause disease by releasing too many vitamins. Microbes live in people’s guts and are helpful because they produce useful vitamins.

What will happen in this experiment?
ice cubes

A B C D

Steam evaporates when the ice cubes are heated. The solid ice will become liquid when heated. Applying heat will convert H2O to gas or steam. Steam will be released as the ice turns to liquid.
SOURCE OF HEAT

watchglass gauze mat

tripod

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10 mm 10 mm I II Which of these rocks is most probably formed from eroded sediment?

A B C D

both Rock I and Rock II neither Rock I nor Rock II only Rock I only Rock II

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Grade 7 Science

8
The glider shown here takes off from a cliff top near a beach. What is the glider taking advantage of?

A B C D
9

radiated heat, which promotes flight convection currents which cause warm air to rise winds blowing from cold air up high to warm air near the beach still air in front of the cliff face which allows smooth flight

A group of students was discussing density. The teacher asked the students these two questions: "How much space would 1 kilogram of gold take up?" "How much space would 1 kilogram of feathers take up?" Here is how four students responded. 1 kg of feathers 1 kg of gold is would take up slightly more about the size of a mobile phone. space than 1 kg of gold. 1 kg of feathers is about the size of a large pillow. Ali Mahmoud 1 kilogram of gold would Both the gold and the be about the size of a large suitcase. feathers would take up the 1 kilogram of feathers is about the same amount of space. size of a refrigerator. Mustafa Bilal Who is correct?

A B C D

Ali Bilal Mahmoud Mustafa
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Grade 7 Science

10

When an electric current passes through metal, it causes a magnetic field. This is called electromagnetism. Which explanation shows how an electromagnetic crane works?

A Electricity allows the crane to pick up very heavy objects not made of metal. B Electricity is switched on to pick up heavy metal objects and switched off to drop
them.

C When electricity is passed through a magnet, it repels metal objects, making them
move.

D Electromagnets can crush metals, helping to make more room in a scrap metal yard.
11
Deserts are harsh environments for animals to survive in. Which adaptation of the camel best helps it to survive in this environment?

A B C D
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Camels give birth to many live babies. Camels have heavy bony skeletons. Camels can store nutrients in their humps. Camels can run at moderately high speeds.

Which diagram shows the movement of the Earth and the Moon around the Sun?

SunSun Sun Sun
Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun
Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun Moon Moon Moon Moon Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

SunSun Sun Sun Sun
Earth EarthEarth Earth Earth

Moon Moon Moon Moon Moon

AA A A

BBBB

CCCC C

DD DD D

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Grade 7 Science

13

Sand does not dissolve in water. Copper sulphate dissolves easily in water. Which statement describes the separation of sand and dissolved copper sulphate?

A A new substance has been formed so the substances cannot be separated. B Sand can be removed by filtering the water then the copper sulphate can be
removed by evaporating the water.

C The sand can be removed since it is insoluble, but the copper sulphate cannot be
removed from the water.

D Both the sand and the copper sulphate can be removed by using filter paper.
14
UAE Summer days are slightly longer than winter days Sri Lanka Similar length of day all year Equator Antarctica Very long summer days Very short winter days Which explanation describes why day length differs in different places on Earth?

A B C D
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the amount the Earth is tilted the distance from the Earth to the Sun the rate the Earth spins on its axis the shadow of the Moon

Which diagram shows the magnetic field around a magnet?

N S

N S

N S

N S

A

B
6

C

D

Grade 7 Science

16

fault sandstone shale sandstone The shale and sandstone layers in the diagram were broken and separated by movement along the fault. What else most likely occurred at the time these rock layers moved along the fault?

A B C D
17

deep caves were formed volcanoes erupted there was earthquake activity the area was flooded with water

The following flowchart describes one method of removing one substance from another. Mixture Add water Filter Evaporate P water Q What do P and Q represent? P Q Soluble solids Insoluble solids Solvent Solute

A B C D

Insoluble solids Soluble solids Solute Solvent

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Grade 7 Science

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What is the magnifying power of this microscope?

A B C D
19

3 2 3 10 3 12 3 20

Nerve cells are important for our bodies' functioning because they relay information quickly over long distances in the body, to the brain. Which parts (features) of this nerve are specifically designed for this purpose?

Nerve Cell

IV

III

A B C D
20

both I and IV both II and III both I and III both II and IV

I II

These two images show part of the rock cycle. What other element is required to promote this process?

0ºC

crack expands

A B C D

the presence of minerals in surrounding rocks entry of water into the crack very brief but strong winds the intervention of people
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Grade 7 Science

21

Single-celled organisms such as Euglena contain all the structures they need to exist. Humans are multi-cellular organisms whose cells are specialised and must work together. A single human tongue cell was removed from a person's mouth. What would have happened to the cell?

A B C D
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It would have died soon after being removed. It would have continued to live as a separate organism. It would have divided into more than one cell in order to survive. It could have lived as a separate organism if it adapted its cellular structure.

How can we tell if there’s been a chemical reaction? Which answer is best?

A B C D

You get a chemical reaction only when you mix the correct substances. You have a chemical reaction when the reactants are destroyed. You have a chemical reaction when sound and electricity are made. You might have a chemical reaction if a gas is released or there is a colour change.

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Grade 7 Science

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Circuit I Circuit II power source bulb If you wanted both bulbs to shine at the same brightness, which circuit would be better?

A B C D
24

I because there is less connecting wire. I because the current is the same around the circuit. II because the same current flows through both globes. II because the wire is used more effectively.

Every year millions of marine animals are killed as a result of being caught in litter which ends up in waterways. Which strategy would not help to stop this problem?

A B C D
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encourage people to use plastic bags which break down in the environment encourage people to use bags which can be re-used many times use nets to prevent marine animals swimming near where people live place grates over drains that lead into natural waterways to trap rubbish

An electrical circuit can be very dangerous. A short circuit allows electricity to flow freely through an area of least electrical resistance. How do fuses help to reduce the chance of injury from a short circuit?

A B C D

The fuse absorbs spare electricity. The fuse melts and breaks when too much current flows, stopping the current. The fuse is made of a substance which does not transmit electric current. The fuse converts electricity into non-harmful energy waves.

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Grade 7 Science

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Which substance is probably a liquid?

A B C D
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I because its particles are close together in a fixed pattern I because its particles are close together but moving around each other II because the particles are far apart and moving rapidly II because the particles appear to be moving in a fixed pattern

Who would cover the greatest distance?

A B C D
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Amal, walking at 1 m/s for 4 hours. Khaliq, running at 2 m/s for an hour. Mahmoud, driving a car at 4 m/s for ½ an hour. Sherrine, riding a bike at 8 m/s for ¼ of an hour.

A cell was placed into a concentrated solution of iodine. See diagram I cell cell cell membrane cell membrane = iodine molecule cell cell membrane solution solution cell nucleus cell nucleus = iodine molecule I II A short time later, the cell has more iodine molecules inside. See diagram II. solution cell nucleus What best explains this observation?

A B C D

Iodine molecules move from high to low concentrations through cell membranes. Cell membranes only let small numbers of iodine molecules to pass through. Iodine is attracted to the nucleus and other parts of the cell. Iodine molecules are being created inside the cell by the nucleus.
11

II

solid

particles vibrate heat heat particles vibrate heat

liquid formed

Grade 7 Science

29

heat heat Which diagram shows the process of boiling? solid particles liquid vibrate formed A heat heat solid particles liquid heat heat vibrate formed heat heat C heat heat solid particles vibrate liquid formed

solid

heat

liquid formed

B
heat heat solid particles vibrate heat heat particles vibrate heat liquid formed heat heat liquid formed

D

solid

heat

heat

heat

heat

heat

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solid particles liquid heat heat Abdul thinks that time and temperature affect the size of crystals formed. He thinks slow vibrate formed cooling of a solution creates large crystals. He set up an experiment to test this hypothesis. heat heat If the hypothesis is correct where would the largest crystals form?

A B C D

Test tube I Test tube II Test tube III Test tubes I and III

12

Grade 7 Science

31
Most fruits are only harvested at one time of the year. For example, apples are harvested in colder areas in winter, but are available in supermarkets all year. This means that apples are imported from cold climates and stored in chilled warehouses for long periods of time. What NEGATIVE impact might this have?

A B C D
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people eat too much fruit at some times of the year people get a better diet by eating more fruit extra energy is required to transport or store the apples apples become less popular relative to other foods

Mona looked at two slides of cells using a light microscope. cell wall cell membrane cell membrane cytoplasm cytoplasm vacuole nucleus nucleus chloroplasts I II Which statement describes what Mona observed?

A B C D

Slide I shows a plant cell because it is easy to see a clear cell wall. Slide I shows a plant cell because the shape of the cell is more rounded. Slide II shows a plant cell because the cell has several small nuclei. Slide II shows a plant cell because a large vacuole can be seen.

13

Grade 7 Science

33

The following diagram shows how an igneous rock forms over time. 1000ºC 800ºC 600ºC A The minerals that turn into rock at the highest temperature form distinct crystals first. B AA A Which answer shows the order the crystals form as the rock cools?
B A A B B C C C BB

D DC

C

34

Size of other bodies in our Solar system relative to the Earth: Relative diameter Object DD 109 Sun 0.33 Mercury 1 Venus 1 Earth Mars 0.5 Jupiter 11 Saturn 9 Uranus 4 Neptune 4 Pluto (at maximum orbit) 0.25 2003 UB313 0.25 Use this information to compare the other planets in our solar system, relative to the size of Earth.

C D

D

A B C D

Venus is similar in size, while Mars is much larger Mars is smaller in size, while Uranus is larger both Mercury and Mars are larger in size both Uranus and Neptune are smaller in size

14

Grade 7 Science

35

Sana checks the air pressure of her tyres before and after a trip from Abu Dhabi to Dubai. Abu Dhabi 200 kPa Dubai 240 kPa Why did the pressure change?

A Air has entered through the wall of the tyre. As there is more air there is more
pressure.

B The size of the tyres has shrunk, meaning there is the same amount of air in a smaller
space.

C The friction between the tyre and the road made the air inside heat up, and the
pressure increases.

D As the tyre heated up it stretched so there is a greater volume of air and higher air
pressure.

36

When travelling by car it is always important to wear a seat belt to prevent injuries in an accident. What is the scientific explanation for this?

A If the car slows suddenly you will keep moving forward at the original speed unless a
force stops you.

B When a driver has to brake suddenly, passengers are pushed hard backwards into
their seat.

C Seat belts stop people from moving around, reducing injury from loose objects in
the car.

D If hit from behind by a car, a seat belt will help to stop you from being thrown
backwards.

37

The Periodic Table is an important tool that scientists use when working with elements. How is the Periodic Table arranged?

1A
1.008 3 6.939 11 22.99 19 39.102 37 85.47 55 132.91 87 215

PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS
2A
9.0122 12 24.312 20 40.08 38 87.62 56 137.34 88 226.03

8A 3A
10.811 13

H

1

4A
12.011 14 28.086 32 72.59 50 118.69 82 207.19 114 [289]

5A
14.007 15 30.974 33 74.922 51 121.75 83 208.98

6A
15.999 16 32.064 34 78.96 52 127.6 84

7A
18.98 17 35.453 35 79.904 53 126. 85 210

Li

Be

4

B

5

C

6

N P

7

O S

8

F

9

4.003 10 20.183 18 39.948 36 83.8 54 131.3 86

He Ne Ar Kr

2

Na K

Mg Ca Sr

3B
44.956 39 88.905 57* 138.91 89** 227.03

4B
47.9 40 91.22 72 178.49 104 [261]

5B
23 50.942 41 92.906 73 180.95 105 [262]

6B
51.996 42 95.94 74 183.85 106 [266]

7B
54.938 43 [97] 75

8B
55.847 44 101.07 76 190.2 108 [269]

1B
58.71 46 106.4 78 195.09 110 [271]

2B
65.37 48 112.4 80 200.59 112 [277]

Sc Y

21

Ti

22

V

Cr

24

Mn Tc

25

Fe

26

Rb Cs Fr

Zr

Nb Ta

Mo W

Ru Os Hs

58.933 45 102.91 77 192.2 109 [268]

Co

27

Ni

28

Rh Ir

Pd Pt

63.546 47 107.87 79 196.97 111 [272]

Cu Ag Au

29

Zn

30

26.982 31 69.72 49 114.82 81 204.37

Al

Si

Cl

Ga In Tl

Ge Sn Pb

As

Se Te

Br I

Cd

Sb Bi

Xe
222

Ba

La

Hf Rt

Ra

Ac

Db

Sg

186.2 107 [264]

Re Bh

Hg

Po
210 116

At

Rn

Mt

[289]

*Lathanides **Actinides

140.12 90 232.04

Ce Th

58

140.91 91

Pr

59

Pa
231

144.24 92 238.03

Nd U

60

Pm
237.05

61

Np

145 93

150.35 94 239.05

Sm Pu

62

151.96 95 241.06

Eu

63

Am

157.25 96 244.06

Gd

64

Cm

158.92 97 249.08

Tb

65

Bk

162.5 98 252.08

Dy Cf

66

164.93 99 252.08

Ho Es

67

167.26 100 257.1

Er

68

Fm

168.93 101 258.1

Tm Md

69

173.04 102 259.1

Yb

70

No

174.97 103 262.11

Lu Lr

71

A B C D

Elements with similar properties are arranged into groups. Elements, compounds and mixtures are put into different groups. Elements that react with each other are put together into rows. Elements are placed in order from 1 to 118 in order of how reactive they are.
15

Grade 7 Science

38

Khalid made some notes about how friction affects cars: • means more energy is needed to make a car move • helps you to slow down or stop a moving car • noise created when the car's engine parts rub together • produces heat • stops car from slipping • enables car to start moving What are the benefits of friction for a car?
Impact of friction

A B C D
39

extra energy is needed helps you to start and stop the car produces useful heat when needed creates noise from moving parts
A B C D

Which circuit shows a bulb that is on?

Key Connecting wire Light bulb Battery Resistor Open switch Closed switch

A
40

B

C

D

This diagram shows the position of some -- but not all -- of the planets in our solar Key system. The diagram is drawn to scale. Connecting wire Resistor Light bulb Open switch Battery Closed switch P Earth Mars Q S Planets P and Q could be P Q Jupiter Mercury Venus Jupiter

A B C D

Mercury Venus Neptune Saturn

16

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13

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29

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30

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27

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28

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24

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25

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10

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22

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13

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14
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10

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11

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