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? ±
24,600 psi PRs t 180(2.25) 0.237 _ 2( -810) 0.237' _ (1./6t

._ 6J --:-?}')~

.~ft~r t~.; _ L'qLi~\'3!f~:1t _ tLiL~<;. n3s h~~':II c·'" mined: cor:-'LI"i(Jll;-,I flexibility all:llysis tedl! .•q,..·~, Glil be: i



to calculate

stres,cs and end re;lc,ifJ!ls.

(I 76) (22-' . :J)


2(-230) 0.237


= 1710 + 27,100


= +2,360

(Radial) = 0 will not be combined with other loadings for the purpose of this analysis, but should always be evaluated. The longitudinal discontinuity stress then becomes: <I, <I3 24,600 - 0 24,600 psi Combined stresses at the juncture are then evaluated which include: (a) discontinuity stresses, (b) axial column IOZ!f1jpg froJ n dissimilar core and jacket, (c) pressure stresses, (d) deadweight bending and (e) stresses im?oscd from thermal external bending loads. These stress levels should then be weighed against a limit that wiJl ellSure cyclic elastic behavior at the joint. For this analysis we ha\'e taken the approach of ANSI B31.3 for total stress evaluation, Sa = 1.25 (Se +Sh) == Sr, where S e and Share 20,000 psi each:

psi outside psi inside


Step by ste;J approach. :\ reasonable ap? to the: design and ana1ysis of jacketed systems is: 1. Establioh jJ,H,1:nctc'rs f(JI fLl'!:;" and spacer!gu:dcs locations. This is a significant consideration when there is diiferential expansion between the core and jacket. 2. Perform a flexibility analysis of the core pipe when required by the constr-aints of No. I above. 3. Evaluate all combined stresses, i.e. discontir;uit;·, thermal, etc., on an indi\'idual basis. 4. Perform a flexibility analysis, predicting stresses and end reactions, of the combined corel jacket section where inherent flexibility appears to be minimal or strain-sensitive equipment is used. 5. 'Pay special attention to the local effects of vents, pressure taps, drains, etc. for their contrihution to the problem of differential core I jacket expansions. In this example, a computer analysis was perfol1lled for the piping configuratioll shown on Fig. 1. Predicted jacket thennal bending stresse, were within the stn'ss limits estahlished by the analysis of the combined loading,;. \,\'ere this not the case, additional flexibility would be required by geometry changes or a bellows type expansion joint would be provided on the jacket pipe. The bellows would, for practical purposes, eliminate the axial column loading and discontinuity stresses.

(b) Axial column loading, <Ie (c) Longitudinal Pressure Stress Y:z hoop stress (PR./2t) (d) Deadweight Bending

24,600 psi (Longitudinal Direction) 6,860 psi (Jacket) V








J155 psi (Jacket) 2,.QOo.psi, (Assumed) 34,315 psi

K L M. P

The difference of combined stresses from (a) to (d), compared to allowables can then be used as a minimum for: (e) thermal external bending loads. In this example Sa = 1.25 (20,000 + 20.,000;---·


R. .R. S. S. S.

== 50,OOOpsi'"
Total (a) through (d)=--3"'.f;31S psi (Sl) Allowable t~errnal bending stress (e) 15,685 psi


Composite core/jacket analysis. Prediction of terminal end reactions of the composite corel jacket sectioll can be determined by simulating a jacket sheJl thickness that is representative of the combined moments of inertia of the core and the jacket pipe. In our example, the following applies: ~ 3-il1. Scltt 10,I .:=; 1.82 in4 E =- 28.3 (lOG) 4~i-;-;Scl,lCl Jacket, 1== 7.32 in4 E =- 27.9( IV';) Sidce, for the analysis, we will use the carbon steel jacket with a moclulus of elasticity of 27.9 (lOG), an adjustmclIt in the core moment of inertia would be: I = 1.82 (28.3 127.9) = 1.85 in· Total equi valenl I == 1.85 in' + 7.32 in4 9.17 in4 Using an OJ) of 4.5 inch, the equivalellt shell thickne:;s

t t.

V. w W


a a, a.





NOi\IENCLATURE Cross-sectional metal area of the carbon steel jacket. Cross-sectional metal area of the stainless steel core. Constant = 2 for a column with one end fixed and the other free. Modulus of elasticity, psi Momcnt of inertia, in.' Ratio of ring radius to shell radius Unsupported column length 240 m. for a 20 ft. pipe section Momcnt, in.-lbs, Pressure within the jacket = 180 psi Radius of gyration = 1.2 for SS core pipe, in. Equivalent shcll radius, in. Radius of carbon steel jacket, m. Ring radius at 300· F, in. Shell radius, in. Allowable strcss, psi Stress at ambient temperature. = 20,000 psi for example from ANSI B31.3 Stress at operating temperature = 20,000 psi for examplc from ANSI B31.3 Longitudinal strcss, psi Thickncss of the carbon sted pipe, in. Equivalent shell thickncss representing the comhined momenl; uf inertia of the composite corc and jackct Tempcrature difTcrcnce bctwccn avcrage ring tempcrature and ambient, 0 F Shear, Ibs. Width of two pipc flanges, in. Max. or critical load on a structural column, Ibs. Total linear thcrmal exp:wsion betwcen 70 F and tcmperature of st,-alll at 180 psi, in.! I 00 ft. Mcan coefficient of linear thermal cxransion hetwecn 70" F and stealll at 180 l'si. a of carbon steel pipc cOllsiJered as a shcll a of sl"inle>s stecl f1allge cUllsiJercJ as a ringStress, psi Str;lin, in.!in. DifTcrcn,'(" in strain bctWCCll .the core and j:\cket =, [/1 (SS core) - fJ (C st!. jacket)] /1200 whcrc 1200 = lenilth of 100 ft. pipe in inchcs 1.285/V1<.. t



m; •..· be c:dclJlatcd


Sub.<cripl' 5 PcnaillS C Pnl"ills
1 C..-atud.d

to st'-linll tu c"rholl


steel curc stet'! jacket

9.17 30.2

L1TrR.\TURE tial and ScbnciJcl-, Rill~ Stifft"nl'rs."
"Sltc:'~l:3 in a

Vt::s~d with