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Anupam Rana,NIFT-Gandhinagar

Anupam Rana,NIFT-Gandhinagar

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

which means work and ‘nomos’ which means law. Its purpose is to improve the performance of systems by improving human machine interaction. Anupam Rana. Ergonomics is the study of the interaction between people and machines and the factors that affect the interaction.NIFT-Gandhinagar .The name ‘ergonomics’ comes from the Greek words ‘ergon’.

Human–machine systems A system is a set of elements. the human is part of the system and must be fully integrated into it at the design stage. rather than secondary considerations and can be stated in general terms as requirements for. • Equipment that is usable and safe • Tasks that are compatible with people’s expectations.NIFT-Gandhinagar . Inputs are received in the form of matter. energy and information. Human requirements are therefore system requirements. Most systems consist of people and machines and perform a function to produce some form of output. For ergonomics. • An environment that is comfortable and appropriate for the task • A system of work organization that recognizes people’s social and economic needs. Anupam Rana. the relations between these elements and the boundary around them.

Anupam Rana. mental workload. cycle time and frequency of movement. stocking raw materials. size of forces. fitness of workforce. Psychological: Skill requirements. etc. physiological fatigue.Basic interactions in a work system and their evaluation : H > M: The basic control actions performed by the human on the machine.NIFT-Gandhinagar . parallel/sequential processing of information. heart rate). compatibility of action modalities. maintenance. ‘fine tuning’ of controls. Anatomical: Body and limb posture and movement. muscular fatigue. Application of large forces. Physiological: Work rate (oxygen consumption.

panels and graphic displays. Physical: Objective measurement of working environment. Information load.H > E: Effects of the human on the local environment. Humans emit heat. carbon dioxide. reaction forces of powered machines. Anatomical: Design of controls and tools.NIFT-Gandhinagar . etc. Compatibility with user expectations. Anupam Rana. Physiological: Does sensory feedback exceed physiological thresholds? Psychological: Application of grouping principles to design of faceplates. Physical: Objective measurement of vibrations. noise. Implications for compliance with standards M > H: Feedback and display of information. Machine surfaces may be excessively hot or cold and a threat to the health of the human. Machine may exert forces on the human due to vibration. noise and surface temperatures in the workspace. acceleration. etc.

NIFT-Gandhinagar . maintenance personnel. noxious gases. E > H: The environment. etc. heat.M > E: Machine may alter working environment by emitting noise. lighting and temperature surveys of entire facility E > M: The environment may affect the functioning of the machine. It may cause overheating or freezing of components. may influence the human’s ability to interact with the machine or to remain part of the work system (owing to smoke. Oxygen is usually regarded as unlimited and freely available rather than part of the fuel.). Mainly by industrial/site engineers and industrial hygienists Physical/physiological: Noise. noise. Industrial/site engineers. Many machines require oxygen to operate. in turn. facilities management. Anupam Rana. etc. heat. for example.

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana.

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana.

Support Protection Movement Homopoiesis Anupam Rana. 3.Skeletal System: 1. 4.NIFT-Gandhinagar . 2.

To produce movement of the body or body parts 2. To maintain posture 3.NIFT-Gandhinagar . Heat production (temperature control) Anupam Rana.Muscular System: 1.

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana.

Anupam Rana.NIFT-Gandhinagar .

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana.

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana.

NIFT-Gandhinagar .Anupam Rana Anupam Rana.