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# HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA

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SHEETS 111-1 to 111-2/1 OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST

1. Previous Crest Shapes. Some early crest shapes were based on a simple parabola designed to fit the trajectory of the falling nappe. Bazin’s experiments of the 19th century were the basis of many early designs. The Bureau of Reclamation conducted extensive experiments on the shape of the nappe over a sharp-crested weir (reference 2). Numerous crests have been designed using the coordinates of the lower surface of the nappe for the shape of the crest, without resort to an equation. The Huntington District has used an equation involving the 1.82 power of X and the Nashville District has used the 1.88 power of X . 2. Standard Shape, Downstream Quadrant. A comparison of the Bureau of Reclamation data with those of other experimenters was made by the Office, Chief of Engineers. On the basis of this study, Circular Letter No. 3281 was issued on 2 September 1944, suggesting the use of the 1.85 power of X . This equation is given in Hydraulic Design Charts 111-1 and 111-2 and was adopted to define the downstream quadrant shape. 3. Point of Tangency. The slope function graph of the tangents X and Y to the downstream quadrant is shown in Chart 111-1 to facilitate the location of the point of tangency a . Although it is realized that the tangent point will often be determined analytically for the final design, this graph should be of value in the preliminary layouts in connection with stability analyses and cost estimates. The downstream tangent points can be computed from x —= ‘d and Y —= ‘d where ‘d is the design head.

—

1.096

()

: :

1.176

(1)

0.592

o

2.176 (2)

4. Standard Shape, Upstream Quadrant. The upstream quadrant shape of circular arcs originally defined in Chart 111-1, dated 4-1-52 (revised 8-60), resulted in a surface discontinuity at the vertical spillway face. A third, short-radius arc (R = 0.04Hd) incorporated in this design has been model tested (reference 1) and found to result in

-.

111-1 to 111-2/1 Revised 11-87

improved pressure conditions and discharge coefficients for heads exceeding the design head. Chart 111-2/1 (revised 9-70) presents this upstream crest quadrant design. A table of coordinates in terms of X/Hd and Y/Hd is included as Chart 111-2 for design convenience. 5. Recent model studies have verified the elliptical upstream quadrant design also presented in reference 1. This method, depicted in Hydraulic Design Charts 111-20 through 111-25/1, should be used for future spillway design. The Standard Shape Criteria will be retained for reference purposes. 6. (1) References.

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U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, CE, Investigations of Various Shapes of the Upstream Quadrant of the Crest of a High Spillway; Hydraulic Laboratory Investigation, by E. S. Melsheimer and T. E. Murphy. Research Report H-70-1, Vicksburg, Miss., January 1970. U. S. Bureau of Reclamation, U. S. Department of the Interior, Boulder Canyon Project, Hydraulic Investigations; Studies of Crests for Overfall Dams. Part VI, Bulletin 3, Denver, Colo., 1948.

(2)

—

111-1 to 111-2/1 Revised 11-87

.—

..__ t

NOTE: DOWNSTREAM CKJAbRAN~ApE BAsEO ON OCE CIRC LTR NO. 3281, 9-2-44, “SHAPE OF SPILLWAY CRESTS: Hd = DESIGN HEAD BASED ON LOWER SURFACE OF NAPPE FROM SHARPCRESTED WEIR.

DOWNSTREAM

QUADRANT

UPSTREAM (SEE

QUADRANT

CHART Ill -2/1)

L

d .

z g 1W z >

I&

UJ a 0 J

u)

‘/Hd

AND

‘/Hd

NOTE : COORDINATES OF TANGENT FOR PRELIMINARY LAYOUTS ESTIMATES .

POINT AND

OVERFLOW

TANGENT

HYDRAULIC .“,.. ”,. ,, “ ,. A“W,“.,.,. ” WA, . I.W,”, .xP.”, .”, M

s,.,,.”, “,,. s.””., ~,.,,,,, pp,

SPILLWAY

ORDINATES

DESIGN CHART

CREST

III- I

WE S4-I-52

REv

8-60

x

X1.88

x

X1.85

Hd

2Hd

0.85

Hd

Ztid

0.85

Hd

Ztid

0.8s

0.10 .15 .20 .25 .30 .35 .40 .45 .90 .60 .70 .80 .90 1.00 1.20 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00

0.0141 .0299 .0509 .0769 .1078 .1434 .1836 .2283 .2774 .3887 .5169 .6618 .8229 1.000 1.401 1.864 2.386 2.967 3.605 5.447 7.633 10.151 12.996 16.160 19.638

6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 90 100

27.515 36.596 46.851 58.257 70.795 99.194 131.928 168.897 210.017 255.215 385.646 540.349 718.664 920.049 1144.045 1390.255 1658.330 1947.959 2258.863 2590.785 2943.496 3316.779 4124.285 5011.872

1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

2.000 3.605 5.088 6.498 7.855 9.172 10.460 11.713 12.946 14.159 15.354 16.532 17.696 18.847 19.985 21.112 22.229 23.335 24.433 25.521 26.602 27.674 28.741 29.799 30.852

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

31.896 32.937 33.971 35.000 36.024 37.041 38.054 39.063 40.066 41.067 42.062 43.053 44.040 45.023 46.002 46.978 47.950 48.919 49.884 50.846 51.807 52.761 53.714 54.663 55.610

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75

56.554 57.495 58.434 59.370 60.303 61.234 62.162 63.088 64.011 64.932 65.851 66.767 67.681 68.594 69.503 70.411 71.317 72.221 73.123 74.022 74.920 75.816 76.710 77.603 78.493

OVERFLOW

SPILLWAY

CREST

EQUATIONS

~l.ss

=2

Hd0”8sy,

y=

~l.els —. 0.85’ 2Hd

WHERE

Hd = DESIGN

HEAD

NOTE:

SEE CHART QUADRANT

111-2/1

FOR

UPSTREAM

COORDINATES.

OVERFLOW

TABLE

HYDRAULIC

REv

,“...”..

—

SPILLWAY

OF FUNCTIONS

CHART II I-2

CREST

DOWNSTREAM

DESIGN

QUADRANT

8-60

WES 4-S2

,,

. .

s.

.“M,

,..,

”,,”

“A,m”.,

s ‘,..”,”,”,

,,.,,011,

.,.

”.,””..

M,,.,..,,,,

VICKSBURG.1241 0.2818Hd .2800 -0.85 0“ T t m o o“ = 2.0714 0.0025 0.1190 0.0926 0.2600 -0.2760 -0.2200 -0.1259Hd ---- PREP&REcl BY u s ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS ExPERIMENT sTATION.0000 -0. + 0.0553 0.1153 0.2400 -0. Y = o.0 Hj”85y II I-1 AND III-2) (SEE CHARTS r Q H~ CREST R = 0.1050Hd Y=0”2’’0Hd/ “1 = X Y o.0101 0.6-71 . APPROACH AND OVERFLOW UPSTREAM HYDRAULIC SPILLWAY QUADRANT CHART DESIGN CREST Ill -2/1 X = ‘o.1 750Hd * tll 1 I I I I v r A i r y’CREST OF AXIS ORIGIN COORDINATES x~ Y X1.1000 -0. MISSISSIPPI REV 9-70.0230 0.2780 -0.2760Hd e 0.2818 0.0430 -0.0316 0.1500 -0.1750 -0.5000H’ COORDINATES FOR UPSTREAM QUADRANT -0. OOOoHd = 0.04 X = ‘0..2818Hd P 0.1360 NOTE: Hd ‘ LOWER FROM WITH OF DESIGN HEAD BASED OF NAPPE ON SURFACE SHARP-CRESTED NEGLIGIBLE WEIR VELOCITY CREST AT .2000 0.0000 0.0500 -0.

087.10 at design head and decreased to 3. ft (Hydraulic Design Sheet 111-3/1) energy head on crest. smooth concrete crests should have a high coefficient at low heads compared to crests that have been roughened by weathering or other causes. cfs discharge coefficient (Hydraulic Design Chart 111-3) effective crest length. The head on the rounded crest is known to be 0. New. which is based on critical depth in rectangular channels. The theory.l Friction can be expected to reduce the coefficient at low heads. cLH3/2 e where Q c L He total discharge. Early studies of the discharge coefficient used the relation of C to the ratio He/Hal . at the U. Using a discharge coefficient of 3. Discharge over an uncontrolled puted using the equation spillway crest is com- Q . An approximation of the upper value can be derived by transferring the sharp-crested weir coefficient to a rounded weir crest that fits the lower nappe. Only those tests in which a deep approach channel and negligible velocity of approach existed were used in developing the curve.93. ft ~ C 2.888 times the head on the sharp crest. S. the coefficient for design head is derived as 3. The plotted points from ES 801.10 at zero head.90 to 4.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA SHEET 111-3 SPILLWAY CREST DISCHARGE COEFFICIENT HIGH OVERFLOW DAMS 1.are the basis for the curve above the H /Hd ratio of 0. General Spillway Investigation. 3* Test Data. General. The lower limit of C = 3. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (wES). Prototype test results are plotted for the low he~d range. These studies indicated that C ranged from 3.10 closely approximates the theoretical broad-crested weir coefficient of 3.33 for a sharp-crested weir and assuming the velocity of the approach flow to be negligible. Design Criteria.4. is given by King. and that portion of the curve is based on 111-3 Revised 9-70 . The curve in Chart 111-3 is based primarily on data obtained from model tests conducted under Corps of Engineers Engineering Studies Item 801.

U. by E. The opentriangle points are from recent laboratory tests2 in which a third shortradius curve (R = 0. Sd ed.04~ . E. For the Solution of Hydraulic Problems. New York. Investigations of Various Shapes of the Upstream Quadrant of the Crest of a High Spillway. . 5* (1) References. Murphy. H. Chart 111-2/1) was added to the upstream quadrant shape to eliminate the surface discontinuity in the original design where the curve intersected the vertical face of the spillway. (1954. McGraw-Hill. Handbook of Hydraulics. (2) 111-3 Revised 9-70 — . Research Report H-70-1.. S. W. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. Brater). January 1970. F. Vicksburg. King. revised by E. More prototype observations are needed for the newer design shapes that approximate the spillway crest defined in Hydraulic Design Criteria 111-1 and 111-2/1. S. pp 8-8 and 8-9. -. Miss. 4. Pp 37’9-38o and 4th ed. (1939).the field tests indicated in the legend. dated 4-1-52). Melsheimer and T. CE.. Hydraulic Laboratory Investigation. The open-circle data points are from tests on the originally published crest shape (Charts 111-1 and 111-2.

ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION. 9-70 .0 4.0 0.2 4.6 0.1.2 n -5. MISSISSIPPI REV 1-64. ON CREST.8 0.6 1.4 NOTE: He= ENERGY Hd=DESIGN C Q L =DISCHARGE HEAD HEAD ON CREST.4 3. 5.2 1.8 4. FT = DISCHARGE.’z 3. F .8 C=L L H. FT COEFFICIENT CFS OF CREST.2 3. “NET LENGTH SPILLWAY CREST DISCHARGE COEFFICIENT HIGH OVERFLOW DESIGN CHART DAMS I I I -3 WES 4-52 HYDRAULIC pREpARED L w u.4 1.8 1. VICKSBURG.0 3.4 0.

The coefficient Ka is plotted in terms of the ratio of the energy head on the spillway He to the abutment radius R . ft N= number of piers pier contraction coefficient K= P Ka = abutment contraction coefficient He = energy head on crest. It is also suggested that the maximum design headabutment radius ratio be limited to 5. Model Investigation. Virginia. August 1946. Technical Memorandum No. Tennessee.0. These abutment contraction coefficients include the weir end contraction and the effect of approach flow angularity. 202-1. Discharge and pier contraction coefficients from appropriate HEC charts were used with model discharge data to compute the plotted abutment contraction coefficients. if any.HYDRAULIC — DESIGN CRITERIA — —. Vicksburg. 3= References. 2-321. Spillway and Bucket for Center Hill Dam. on all elements of the spillway. December 1950.alto the spillway crest. Model—Studies of (1) U. Miss.. gested for design purposes for spillways with adjacent concrete nonoverflow sections when the approach flow is norw. Spillway for Philpott Dam. . SHEET 111-3/1 OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST WITH ADJACENT CONCRETE SECTIONS ABUTMENT CONTRACTION COEFFICIENT 1. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.1 is suglated in HDC 111-3/1. ) Spillway and Conduits for Pine Flat Dam. Miss. CE. S. Vicksburg. Smith River. Technical Memorandum No. 111-3/1 (3) ‘---- Revised 1-64 . Higher coefficients should be assumed for projects involving extreme angularity of approach flow. (2) . HDC 111-3/1 presents a suggested abutment contraction coefficient design curve for high overflow spillways with adjacent concrete sections. The effective length L of a spillway crest used in uncontrolled-spillway discharge computations is expressed by the equation: L=L’where 2 (NKP +Ka) H e L’ = net length of crest... Pertinent information concerning each project is tabuAn abutment contraction coefficient of 0. ft 2.. —. Caney Fork River. Kings River.

(Unpublished data. December 1953.— .. (Unpublished data. General Spillway Tests (ES 801).California. Uncontrolled. CE.) 111-3/1 Revised 1-64 . Technical Memorandum -—— No.) (5) . Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. (4) U. Miss. Vicksburg. 2-375. Folsom Dam Spillway. Hydraulic Model Investigation. S.

Bonneville Hydraulic Laboratory Report No. Alabama and Georgia. Dam. References. Miss. Vicksburg. 2. S. Hydraulic Model Investigation. 3. (2) U. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Oregon. Kaskaskia River. HDC ill-s/2 presents a suggested abutment contraction coefficient design curve for spillways with adjacent earth embankment sections. Bonneville. An abutment contraction coefficient of 0. Pertinent information concerning each project is tabulated in the chart. the weir end contraction. 2-611. 2-568. Discharge and pier contraction coefficients from appropriate HDC charts were used with model discharge data to compute the plotted abutment contraction coefficients. Miss. Oreg. Vicksburg. John Redmond Dam spillway for a was measured during the model ‘“ :byv:: stuay design head of 11 ft and a weir height of 6. May 1953. ) 111-3/2 (3) (4) (5J ---- Revised 1-64 . Grand (Neosho) River. Technical Report No. Hydraulic Model Investigation.0 ft. . 2-519..74 angularity of approach flow. August 1959. . Chattahoochee River. (1) U. Row River. George Lock and Dam. 4. The coefficient Ka is plotted in terms of the ratio of the energy head on the spillway to the spillway design head.— OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST WITH ADJACENT EMBANKMENT SECTIONS ABUTMENT CONTRACTION COEFFICIENT 1. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. June 1961. The effective length of a spillway crest used in uncontrolledspillway discharge computations is expressed by the equation given in HDC Sheet 111-3/1. Carlyle Dam. Illinois. Red Rock Dam Model Tests. Technical Report No.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA SHEET 111-3/2 . and the effects of approach flow angularity on all elements of the spillway.. CE. Hydraulic Model Investigation. CE. Portland.. Walter F. Miss*. Army Engineer District. .2 is suggested for de- sign purposes for spillways with adjacent nonoverflow earth embankments. November 1962. (Unpublished data. Higher coefficients should be assumed for projects involving extreme contraction coefficient of 0. This parameter is believed to be more representative of the composite abutment contraction effects than the energy head-abutment radius ratio used on the original HDC ill-s/P dated August 1960. Kansas. Technical Report No. 27-1. Vicksburg. Spillway for Dorena. Spillway for John Redmond Dam. S. These abutment contraction coefficients include the contractile effects of the upstream rounding of the embankments.

2 II 0 I II [ c1 * NOTE: R =RADIUS OF ABUTMENT. WA TE*W. .5 75.. A“M” c. YS L.2 0.5 55.. CFS DISCHARGE COEFFICIENT NET LENGTH OF CREST. FT H =DEPTH OF APPROACH IN MODEL.7 16.2 q u 1.8 9 4 W/L 5.4 OVERFLOW ADJACENT ABUTMENT L SPILLWAY CREST WITH EMBANKMENT SECTIONS CONTRACTION COEFFICIENT 111-3/2 WES 8-60 HYDRAULIC .“ “ .60 5...3 3 s q 0. O”. -0.. q 0. ”. FT L ‘GROSS “WIDTH OF SPILLWAY. “!.60 3. PI”l M. s.. ”1..6 a q I LEGEND I 19 IJ SYMBOL n s 0 q A *GATED PROJECT DORENA DORENA RED ROCK* CARLYLE * WALTER F.1.2 0..4 d I II 0..0 Ka 0.42 8..! DESIGN CHART REV 1-64 .44 5.0 . ST.. FT W =WIDTH OF APPROACH REPRODUCED IN MODEL. . FT Hd=DESIGN HEAD ON CREST.4 - A o o q1 BASIC EQUATION +KJH13]He3’2 Q=c[L’-2(NKp I o SUGGESTED DESIGN CURVEA WHERE: Q = C = C = N = Kp = DISCHARGE.”.!ssls s!. FT NUMBER OF PIERS PIER contraction coEFFlclENT COEFFICIENT FT 1.44 W/H 10.0 Ka= ABUTMENT CONTRACTION He = ENERGY HEAD ON CREST. GEORGE SPILLWAY WITH PIERS R F 4 7. T.7 10.“.8 w I q 4B o 0. FT 0..

2. Purpose. cLHe3/2 (1) where Q = spillway discharge. and pier effects L = net spillway length. It also provides a means of optimizing spillway design through extensive use of the sharp-crested weir data published by the USBR. Hydraulic Design Chart 111-3/3 developing an uncontrolled spillway flow rating curve when the spillway discharge and head for any unsubmerged.1 Its use is limited to unsubmerged flow conditions. Theory. the relation between the head and discharge can be expressed by the following equation: Q. cfs C = total flow coefficient combining the approach channel and crest shape. ft 3. abutment. equation 1 by equation 2 results in the equation H Q_ G-U< () 3/2 Division of (3) 111 -3/3 ‘— . ft He = energy head on the spillway. A comparable equation for the spillway design flow is ‘d “ CdLHd3i2 (2) where the subscript d refers to the spillway design flow.HYDRAUTIC DESIGN CRITERIA ---- SHEET 111-3/3 OVERFLOW SPILLWAYS STAGE-DISCHARGE UNCONTROLLED RELATION FLOW provides a method for 1. When flow over a spillway is controlled only by the head on the spillway. uncontrolled flow are known or can be computed.

4 2.3-0.I where u=+. the value of u is 1. The plotted points on Chart 111-3/3 general equation: (4) For Q/~ value of = 1. of Bays 2 Approach Depth Downstream (Hal/P) Quad Shape 2. Includes effects of adjacent outlet works and water quality weir.81 +85 xl. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Upstream Face Slope Abutment Condition None Concrete Earth None Earth Earth Earth Earth Earth and concrete Concrete No.0 . The spillway design flow Qd is computed using 111-3 /3 .2 0.0 and He/Hal = 1.11 3V on 2H Vertical ~V on 2H Vertical 3V on 3H Vertical Vertical Vertical lV on 0.60 Q=Qd > (5) u d 5* Application.78 *1. a.7 8.85 *1.3 1. can be expressed by the 4.6o.64 0. Includes effects of 90-deg approach channel bend.00 0. project are tabulated ‘-’--’ Model data for ten widely varying spillway designs have Project Proctor* Pine Flat Gavins Point Two-Dimensional Oakley Hugo Fort Randall John Redmond Kaysinger Bluff++ Clarence Cannont * Ref No.40 14 4 4 ** t Section model (1 full and 2 half bays).74 0. — Design.776 +825 +85 6 14 -4 6 21 1. the equation fitting all the data within experimental accuracy limits is 1.5H Vertical xl.747 X1.0 and the n has been graphically determined to be 1. — UCJ-UW . Therefore.85 +85 xl. ‘d The rebeen analyzed in accordance with the parameters of equation 3.2 4. The spillway design features for each sults are-shown in Chart 111-3/3.

January 1970. 2-404. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Hydraulic Model Investigation. If preferred. E. Equation 5 is solved for the design discharge ~ using the measured discharge Q . 6. (8) . Vicksburg.Vicksburg. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Hydraulic Model Investigation. December 1953. 2-528.... Miss. a graphical solution similar to that described in 5a above can be used. Boulder Canyon Project Final Reports. Equation 5 is then solved for the desired ratios of He/Hal using the computed ~ value. Denver. Illinois. Technical Memorandum No.22-2. L. by E. appropriate coefficients and equations given in Charts 111-3 to ill-3/2.d to obtain the required Q values. November 1969. Colo. Miss. Miss. . Miss. Grace. November 1970. Oklahoma. S. March 1964. HyTechnical Report draulic Model Investigation. Spillway and Outlet Works. In a graphical solution. S. Vicksburg. Bulletin 3. b. Spillway for Gavins Point Dam. October 1959. Leon River. 111 -3/3 L . Miss. Fletcher and J. values of Q/Qd are read from the chart for the selected values of &/Hd . These discharge ratios are then multiplied by Q. S. Studies of Crests for Overfall Dams. Jr. South Dakota. Operation. (1) U. Sangamon River. S. Technical Memorandum No. Technical Report H-69-15. California.. Missouri River.. (7) . U. 111-6. 111-5. Vicksburg. Part VI. Hydraulic Investigations. P. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Murphy.. Nebraska. Spillway for Hugo Dam. Missouri River. References. and the ratio of the measured head H to the is then used in equation 5 with design Hd . by E. Spillway for Proctor Dam. Miss. H-70-1.. 1948. Hydraulic Laboratory Inves- (2) (3) ‘L. 2-645. May 1955. Investigation of Various Shapes of the Upstream Quadrant of the Crest of a High Spillway. Vicksburg. Research Report (6) .and 122-4 for the spillway design head Hd . by B. 2-375. Miss.. . CE. Technical Report No. Melsheimer. Technical Report No. Vicksburg.. Kings River.. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. Texas. Spillway and Conduits for Pine Flat Dam. Fort Randall Dam. Bureau of Reclamation. Spillway for Oakley Dam. H-70-13. (4) (5) tigation. The derived value of ~ selected values of H/Hal to obtain the required discharge quantities. 122-1 to 1. Kiamichi River. Melsheimer and T. The theoretical or model rating curve of a spillway ca~ be checked for the full range of spillway heads provided one accurate prototype discharge and corresponding spillway head measurement are available. Vicksburg.

(9) U. S.. . Technical Report No. Vicksburg. January 1968. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Miss. Salt River. Fletcher. Vicksburg. Vicksburg. Osage River. 2-611. Spillway for John Redmond Dam. (11) — 111-3 /3 . CE. Technical Report H-71-7. Miss. Missouri.’ Spillway for Kaysinger Bluff Dam. ~my Engineer Wate~ays Emeriment Station. Investigation. (lo) ——_. Hydraulic Model Technical Report No. Hyd~aulic Model Investigation. Miss. by B. Grand (Neosho) River. October 1971. 2-809.. November 1962.. Missouri. Kansas. P. Spillway for Clarence Cannon Reservoir.

2 ‘-.10 LEGEND OAKLEY JOHN REDMOND PINE FLAT GAVINS POINT PROCTOR HUGO FORT RANDALL KAYSINGER BLUFF CLARENCE CANNON TWO DIMENSIONAL 0.08 0. 0.0.04 He ~ STAGE -DISCHARGE UNSUBMERGED HYDRAULIC DESIGN RELATION CRESTS CHART II 1-3/3 WES 2-72 .4 0.06 0.

5-7)0 The combined data produced 201 experimental observations. The experiments of Cox (reference 4) were published.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA SHEETS 111-4 TO 111-4/2 SUBMERGED CREST COEFFICIENTS OVERFLOW DAMS 1.10. The current analysis results in some deviation from the Bradley curves which were omitted from the chart for the sake of clarity and utility.(). both floors at the same elevation but varied with respect to the crest. The cross section B-B in the upper right-hand corner of Chart 111-4 shows the variations of (hd+ d)/H at hd/He of 0. For values of hd/He less than 0. The experimental observations of the Bureau of Reclamation were plotted on the same graph with those of other experimenters (references 1. Coefficients for the more modern shapes of submerged. For large e values of (hd + d)/He . The submerged weir coefficients based on Herschel’s analysis and republished in King’s Handbook of Hydraulics have been widely used. The form of plotting of the variables used on Hydraulic Design Chart 111-4 was devised by Bradley. Bureau of Reclamation Tests. However. 2. the jet is on the surface and no jump occurs. and 122-1. ‘- 111-4 to 111-4/2 Revised 11-87 . Current Analysis. the decrease in coefficient is principally affected by the ratio hd/He . Application. 4. 3.78. S. Background. and the extensive test program of the U. the results have not been widely publicized and are not generally available to the design engineer. The curves shown on Chart 111-4 were based on three different test conditions of the individual experimenters as follows : the approach and apron floors at the same constant elevation. Bureau of Reclamation was reported by Bradley (references 2 and 3). The general pattern of the curves shows that for low ratios of total drop from upper pool to apron floor divided by head on the crest (hd + d)lH . A number of important experiments on submerged sharp-crested weirs were made in the 19th century. The family of curves shows various reductions in percent from the coefficient for free or unsubmerged flow as presented on Hydraulic Design Charts 111-21. The cross section A-A shows the variations of hd/He at (hd + d)/He of 5. The complete plot of the test points nearly obliterates the coefficient reduction curves and for this reason was omitted from the chart. round-crested weirs have been determined by various experiments. the flow is supercritical e and the decrease in coefficient is principally affected by this ratio. 111-21/1.

1928. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.67 and the exit channel elevations varied from 0.” Colorado Agricultural Colo. The decrease in the coefficient was based on the unsubmerged coefficient for the condition tested. Part VI.. “Pressure Distribution on Downstream Face of a Submerged Weir.. Fort Collins. Chart 111-4/1 can be used in the determination of the limits of the effects of submergence. Colo. State University of Iowa. (5) Koloseus. Chart 111-4/2 illustrates the use of these submergence charts in the construction of a discharge rating curve. Special Tests.” Technical Report No.. The general agreement of the percentage decreases in coefficients from the five independent studies indicated that these values may be used in combination with Chart 111-21 or 111-21/1 to determine coefficients for higher velocities of approach. J. Discharge and Pressures Relative to Submerged Dams. .. Iowa. Boulder Canyon Project. N.. H. Vicksburg. Miss.” Thesis. Bureau of Reclamation. Jim Woodruff Dam. S.. Miss. Model Investigation..12 to 1. Miss. 67. N. (1) Barshany. It is taken from data on typical ogee spillways (reference 8). 2-340.” University of Wisconsin.” Technical Memorandum No. For set discharges the tailwater was slowly raised from zero submergence effect to 100 percent submergence..67Hd below the spillway crest. “Morgantown Spillway. Apalachico~a River.—- (3) “Studies of Crests for Overfall Dams. 182. J. Denver. Iowa City. Denver. May 1952.. Florida. 1945. Discharge Rating Curves. the P /Hd ratio varied from 0. 5. A comparison of these data with those of Koloseus (reference 5) confirms their wide range of applicability. References. Engineering Experiment Station. 1963. and Mechanical College. 6. (7) “Spillway and Lock Approach. Dec.” Hydraulic Laboratory Report No. (8) 111-4 to 111-4/2 Revised 11-87 . Bureau of Reclamation. “The Submerged Weir as a Measuring Device. (2) Bradley. (4) Cox. (6) U. June 1950. 1948.55 to 1.and the approach floor elevation held constant with the apron elevation varied.. 2-633.” Vicksburg. Bulletin 3. Bulletin No. “Studies of Flow Characteristics. Wis. (unpublished). M. 9 “Typical Spillway Structure for Central and Southern Florida Water-Control Project. 1951.” ~inal Reports. Colo. G. September. In these tests. Vicksburg. CE. Madison. “Discharge Characteristics of Submerged Spillways.

::. .._ .. .:.: ...: . d OVERFLOW HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRESTS CHART II I-4 WES 4-1-53 . . ..:. .. .... ... .-:....:. .— Hc Td J__ He SUBMERGED CREST COEFFICIENTS ..1”?. .. ...:..: .. .. iZ w v 2 a w n ...— hd+d .. . . .... . .. .....*::.. . ...*:::::v.:. ... :.. ....’. . .. . .. . ... . .> .. . .* .:.. .. .b.. .b . .::”: . :..

H 0.4 DEPTH 0. 1. DESIGN MISSISSIPPI CHART WES1l-s7 111-4/1 . 1.7 A 04 0 q 0.5 .3 .8 1. 1. .7 .6 0.2 o 1.9 l.3 h —.0 0.5 0..6 1.2 0.2 0.4 1.1 0.8 APRON 80 80 80 80 90 95 x ‘i# 0.1 1.5 q 0.. a -D v 1.1 q 1.9 q LEGEND ELEVATION APPROACH o 85 91 97 98.1 0 0 0.o 1.6 A v q 0.2 OF TAl LWATER HEAD GROSS ON CREST SUBMERGED CREST COEFFICIENTS UNCONTROLLED FLOW REGIMES HYDRAULIC PREPARED ‘BY U S ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION. VICKSBURG.7 ABOVE 08 CREST 0.3 0.9 97 97 o 0.4 A 0.

624 1 71 0.O-~) ~= d+hd —= He 57. TW FOR HW REPLOT IN TRANSPOSED FORMAT: HW VS.85)(129)(25)3/2 = 0. Q .052 CFS =3.85 Q = (3.620.615 14. He/Hal = 1.600+ UPPER LIMIT = 1.88 9. MAX POOL EL1.36.625’ 10.625FT.625’ 4I b w ——— — — TW= 1.U.82% = 62.88~. SUBMERGED CREST COEFFICIENTS TAl LWATER EFFECT EXAMPLE CALCULATION HYDRAULIC “L.610.— 25. FOR TW = 1. FOR HW = 1. 1. PREPARED BY U S ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS ExPERIMENT STATION. REPEAT FOR RANGE OF HW’S AND PLOT Q VS.25 d = 57.88 2.591’ — d = 57.625 FT AS RANGE OF HEADWATER ELEVATIONS.59’ C. P/Hd = 0.050 10 62 0. C = 3.‘“”” 1. USE: OATE 3-14-83 CHECKED BY Hd=25FT.88 60.565 CFS LOWER LIMI1 = 1.610.25’ HW = 1. AJ R P=9FT OATE 10-3-83 CREST EL=1.600’ P=9’ 1.3 3.625’ [1 ——— Ii L VARY ——TW= TW 1.20 2.605.S.25’ Q (FREE FLOW) = = (3.52 56.610.0 (RANGE OF SUBMERGED h = 0. TW FOR A GIVEN Cl 5.75 25 Tw hd T9QQ ‘ .25 0.0 1./ ! 3.622.59 2. 1. VICKSBURG MISSISSIPPI DESIGN CHART 111-4/2 WES 11-S7 .82 3.25’ --.25 = 1.55 25.41 He FLOWS) h = 10.25’ d+hd d hd/He He % c.030 . 1. L=129FT.61 LZ25’ —hd= 14.75’ z“ 1.0-~~ =3.= C~.40 2.25’ hd = 14. 2.88 (HDC 111-21) FROM HDC 111-4/1 H~/Hd = 1. ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS COMPUTATION JOB GS 801 EXPERIMENT STATION SHEET SUBJECT RATING CURVE SUBMERGED FLOW PROJECT JVM BURLINGTON DISCHARGE COMPUTATION COMPUTEDBY 1.25 1.615.750 1.25 + 14.5.000 1. & 1.600FT.610.0 h = 10.0. 1.620 5 67 0.75’ ‘d He= 25’ 10.04 2. 1.25 % REDUCTION FROM HDC 111-4 = 0.625 FT.88 0.78 61.88)(129)(25)3/2 62.5 3.85 62. 4.75 57.

40 Previous Criteria. crest shape essentially as defined in Chart 111-2/1. Design criteria for the effects of piers are given in HDC 111-5. The basic equation for computing flow over a spillway crest is given in Hydraulic Design Criteria (HDC) Sheet 111-3. studies.75 ft was used. Many gated spillways have been designed according to Creager and Justinl who recommended a coefficient Kp of 0. Both abutment and pier effects increase proportionally with skewness of flow and with velocity of approach. and design criteria are given in Hydraulic Design Charts 111-3/1 and 111-3/2. 0. In such cases. Tests for other ratios of pier thickness to gate width were not made. General Spillway The type 3A pier coefficient curve results from I-969 Investig~tion. The 1949 tests were made with a standard spillway 5. The data for types 1.04 Hd way crest shape was installed in a glass flume having parallel sidewalls to The piers were eliminate the effects of end or abutment contraction. 111-6. S. the piers adjacent to these bays produce abutment-type effects and result in greater flow contractions than when the flow is evenly divided around the piers. and the clear span 4-O ft if a 1:40-sca~e ratio was adopted. HDC 111-3/1should be used to estimate contraction coefficients when piers function essentially as abutments because of closed bays.0 ft. The research of Escande and Sabathe2 indicated that the coefficient can be smaller than 0. The spillradius of 0. 2. The length L includes both abutment and pier effects which result in a reduction of the net crest length.04. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (wES). Thus the prototype design head would be 30 ft. and their observations were verified in general by the Center Hill spillway model tested at the U.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA SHEETS 111-5AND 111-6 GATED OVERFLOW SPILLWAYS PIER CONTRACTION COEFFICIENTS 10 General. Abutment effects are described in Sheets 111-3/1 and 111-3/2. the pier thickness 8 ft. and 4 piers presented in the accompanying charts are based on results of tests conducted in 1949 at the WES under Corps of Engineers Engineering Studies Item 801. 1949 Tests. 3.04 for thin or pointed piers. 3* When spillways are operated with one or more bays closed.and 122-2. The net crest length is the gross spillway width less the combined thicknesses of the crest piers.2 ft thick and the clear distance between piers was 1. The crest length L to be used in the equation is defined in paragraph 1 of Sheet 111-3/1.1 for thick. Type 4 pier q 111-5 and 111-6 Revised 9-70 . 2. blunt piers to 0. increasing the contraction coefficients is recommended. but without the short A model design head of 0.

(Chart 111-5) resulted in the most favorable pier contraction coefficient curve. CE. Melsheimer and T.. 2B. P. p 132. S. -— “ 6. L. Types 2.” l’Hydraulique (July-August 1936).. “On the use of aerodynamic profiles for Revue General de piers of overfall weirs. spectively. John Wiley & Sons. Investigations of Various Shapes of the Upstream Quadrant of the Crest of a High Spillway. References. U.. ty-pe4 pier and type 1 pier are the least desirable from the standpoint of development of negative pressures and are not recommended for high heads unless a thorough investigation of pressure conditions is made. (3) 111-5 and 111-6 Revised 9-70 . The noses of pier types 2A. J. Hydraulic Laboratory Investigation.533 I-Id upstream from the spillway face.3 The 1969 tests were similar to the 1949 tests except the upstream quadrant of the spillway terminated with the short radius (R = 0. Similar data are not available for the other three nose shapes. 3. 1st cd. reThe data apply to the condition of adjacent gates being open. In each case the pier nose was at the plane of the upstream face of” the spillway. Miss.04 ~) shown in Chart 111-2/1 to eliminate a surface discontinuity at the spillway vertical face. 8. Chart 111-6 represents tests on pier type 2 nose shape located at variable distances upstream from the crest. (1) (2) Creager. E. and Sabathe. 1927. A design head of 1. S.. However. January 1970. E@droelectric Handbook. and 0. 1969 Tests. New York. Vicksburg. D.133 ~ . Tests were limited to type 3A pier shape. Chart 111-5 gives the contraction coefficients for 7= Application. W. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. Murphy. by E.0 ft was used. Escande. and 2C were 0. and Justin. 0. G. five different pier-nose shapes plotted against the ratio of He/Hal . movable dams and bridges. Research Report H-70-1.267 ~ . and 3A are recommended for general use with high heads.

=% / * ------ - -. 4 \ r \ \ I w _. I dO I I o N I I In $ *Z Y t= 0V3H N91S3a 33 NVLSla OILVU ----4) I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 0 n I I .---1 r I OIL _. ‘o o I 0.0V3H N91S3a 01 NO aV3H ‘— CHART II I-6 . I I 1 0 Q 6 PH / qH . 7 1V31M3A 1 I a _. N I I m -. I I o -“ I I in d 01 I I o d I m d I I 0. I LS3U3 I m. 0 I I I * 0 dO OIIVM I I nl 0.

Equations for the downstream face of the spillway result from the best fit of the general equation n-1 Xn = KHd Y to the experimental data published by USBR (reference 1)0 Each chart contains tables of functions necessary for solution of the equations. The upstream quadrant coordinates listed below are based on this study and have their origins at the apex of the spillway. They are based on U. 2. Charts 111-7 to 111-10 supplement Chart 111-1.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA SHEETS 111-7 to 111-10 OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CRESTS WITH SLOPING UPSTREAM FACES 1. A tabulation of the slope of the downstream crest shape is given to aid in locating the beginning of the toe curve or the sloping tangent face. Tables of functions necessary for solution of the equation are included in Chart 111-9. . . The shape of the crest upstream from the axis results from fitting circular arcs to the experimental data. The X and Y coordinates are considered positive to the right and downward. These charts present suggested shapes for design of spillway crests with sloping upstream faces and negligible approach velocity. The equation for the downstream shape is based on curves published by USBR (reference 2) and reproduced in Chart 122-3/1._ 111-7 to 111-10 Revised 11-87 . respectively. These charts remain in the Hydraulic Design Criteria (HDC) to serve as a design reference for spillways which were designed using this guidance. A WES study to determine equations for upstream quadrant shapes of spillways having 45-deg sloping upstream faces is summarized in paragraph 5 of the HDC Sheets 122-3 to 122-3/5. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (wES) study of the USBR data for weirs sloping 45 deg downstream. The published curves have been confirmed by an independent U. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) data (references 1 and 2). S. 3V on 3H Upstream Face Slope. For current design purposes these charts have been superseded by Chart 111-20.— b. The crest shapes presented in Charts 111-7 and 111-8 apply to spillways with upstream face slopes of 3V on lH and 3V on 2H. a. and the general results are presented in Chart 122-3/4. Crest Shapes. 3V on lH and 3V on 2H Upstream Face Slopes. respectively. S. The downstream quadrant crest shape presented in Chart 111-9 applies to spillways with 3V on 3H upstream face slopes.

190 -0.0036 0.020 -0.0376 0.165 -0. (1) U. Bureau of Reclamation. C. Part VI.0399 0. Application.0103 0. The shapes shown are intended for use with overflow dams with negligible velocity of approach flows.0257 0. References.040 -0. It is therefore suggested that the shapes in Charts 111-7 to 111-9 be used in this range.185 -0.120 -0.080 -0. Denver. Washington. unless in a particular case it is especially desired to keep pressures as close to atmospheric pressure as possible.130 -0. U. The crest shapes defined in Charts 111-7 to 111-10 have not been studied in a model to determine pressure and discharge coefficients.0223 X/Hd -0. Bulletin 3. 5.140 -0. Bureau of Reclamation. 6. Model tests of spillways with vertical faces have shown that pressures and discharge coefficients are approximately the same for approach depth-design head ratios P /Hd greater than 1. Design of Small Dams.195 -o 200 q Y /Hd 0.0016 0. 1948. U.0354 0. the circular arcs given in Charts 111-7 and 111-8 and the coordinates given in the above tabulation should serve for interpolating the approximate shape for design purposes.110 -0. Studies of Crests for Overfall Dams.170 -0. S.060 -0.175 -0. S. Charts 111-20 and 111-24 through 111-25/1 should be used as appropriate.0065 0. S.160 -0.Upstream Quadrant Coordinates x/Hal -o 000 -0.0207 0. Intermediate Shapes.0275 0. Upstream quadrant data for intermediate slopes are not presently available. 111-7 to 111-10 Revised 11-87 — . 1973.0004 0.145 q Y /Hd 0.0450 -— 3. In the latter case.0333 0. for the equation and K Chart 111-10 shows computed values of n-1 Xn = KHd Y for the vertical and sloping n weirs shown in Charts 111-1 and 111-7 to 111-9.0313 0..0177 0.0125 0. Department of the Interior.0424 0.0239 0.0150 0. Colo. Values of n and K which apply to intermediate slopes can be approximated using the curves shown in Chart 111-10. Hydraulic Investigations.150 -0.100 -0. S.0000 0.155 -0..0293 0. 4. However. (2) U.180 -0. Department of the Interior. D. Boulder Canyon Project.

2 HIGH GATED OVERFLOW PIER CONTRACTION CRESTS COEFFICIENTS 0.133 ~d RA D RAD TYPE 3A 1.4 .267 Hd ‘$(j.0 I A \ TYPES 0. z g In w n o 1- 0. IN PARENTHESES ARE FOR 0.1.10 -0.267 Hd .6 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 0.2oHd) r I I 7 I Im u a u z o n 0.05 CON TRACT I I I EFFECT 0.0 0.267 AXIS ‘. 1 ~ : Hd 1.$ CREST AXIS 0.267 TYPE Y.05 COEFFICIENT OF PIER 0. i Hd CREST 0.0 -0.6 3 AND 3A TYPE 4 $ I L o 0 P a lx TYf PIER NOTE: NOSE SHAPES PIER NOSE LOCATED AS UPSTREAM FACE DIMENSIONS TYPE 3A.033 / /id $ $1 w 6 0.10 ION-KP REV 9-70 OF NOSE 0.(o.2 -f x TYPE I TYPE 2 I A a w I + 1.4 ----1-2 i D q A I I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I I 0.6 @ I . 0.15 HYDRAULIC DESIGN CHART SHAPE II I-5 WFS A-57 .0 DESIG. IN SAME PLANE OF SPILLWAY.

727 71.936 X lid 1.00 2.855 2.20 1.936 Hd0..446 31.709 67.768 873.BOULDER USBR.917 37.026 56.089 65.936 Hdo.732 368.517 9.690 24.152 13.0785 .00 3.50 3.80 .824 I I .1859 .962 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 I .724 39.612 45.516 68.280 I .013 12.40 I .686 23.673 1316.746 15.514 41.90 1.321 69.180 2770.582 18.936 3.002 61.80 .688 2.0146 .092 36. .626 27.836 x 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 )(1.467 20 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 I .50 5.143 162.507 56.861 57.40 .25 .836 Hd I+d0.320 33.5195 . OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST FACE III-7 3 ON I UPSTREAM DESIGN CHART HYDRAULIC REv 3-73 WES 2-54 .188 56.665 47.500 30.171 44.530 48.161 1567.492 68.693 22.050 44.836 X ttd 1.643 63.812 52.847 3119.3915 .45 .927 70.836 X x 10 )(1.849 11.169 7.659 20.178 61.370 2.20 .660 53.372 15.252 50.740 1084.125 69.570 5.797 46.348 55.415 3872.275 65.70 .249 34.00 4.1948.403 42. t He ORIGIN OF COORDINATES R=0.659 9.50 4.526 17.626 19.108 50.398 I .549 95.822 38.676 25.00 3.694 58.378 7.681 21.200 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 90 I 00 244.456 16.221 683.441 2130.21Hd I 3 1.393 49. 3.525 59.6639 .460 64.942 26.824 62.653 515.803 127.353 60.289 43.925 45.975 12.000 I .t 7----!.851 6.655 26.855 1839.506 54.456 4.591 28.50 .621 40.00 1.271 14.007 36.30 .434 8.836 \ :15 .525 NOTE: EQUATION NEGLIGIBLE PUBLISHED CANYON BASED ON DATA OF FOR APPROACH VELOCITY IN BULLETIN REPORT.2308 .173 35.35 .60 I .941 50 51.386 32.899 66.1097 .0307 .1455 .052 I .834 35.60 .823 19.480 4698.548 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 29.631 2441.

249 61.8!() x X1.40 1.721 1653.242 20.126 36.694 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 I .60 .333 49.885 2476.35 .482 31.00 3. OVERFLOW 3-ON-2 HYDRAULIC SPILLWAY UPSTREAM DESIGN CHART CREST FACE 111-8 Wca q-s4 .939 x 10 15 :20 .511 3444.0323 .118 32.1 1 1.6677 .438 59.805 50.605 45.1131 .731 58.60 .839 2.459 I 188.70 .565 89.162 54.341 2.629 2783.804 41.093 43.146 27.056 471.1804 .356 46.657 30.029 NOTE: EQUATION NEGLIGIBLE BASED ON DATA FOR VELOCITY OF APPROACH PUBLISHED IN BULLETIN 3.386 18.519 13.355 64.850 47.449 11.1495 .442 17.304 9.30 .874 1412.537 51.947 62.810 Hd Hd0.481 39.141 8.320 19.217 18.1948.810 x Hd 1.070 49.20 1.8264 I .939 Hd0.333 43.735 34.939 3.50 .918 41S6.960 7.50 4.710 24.442 26.898 3.929 33.915 37.442 54.809 118.832 882.643 63.486 2185.413 25.0813 .593 48.711 151.495 12.032 40.395 793.297 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 27.000 1.90 I .80 2.484 16.2852 .25 .337 64.394 339.80 .00 4.021 57.689 1911.00 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 46.989 28.613 33.506 5.00 2.81O x 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 90 I00 )(1.50 3.3967 .391 1.834 23.536 35.512 15.719 53.524 14.056 21.45 .0543 .994 52.5244 .167 187.303 32.267 51.847 60.333 36.586 56.851 44.655 12 .40 .855 43.721 5.087 226.2357 .880 55.825 29.617 623.700 38.251 7.153 21.310 57.277 9.258 40. x Hd 1.378 10.580 25.BOULDER CANYON REPORT uSBR.0155 .111 53.569 42.50 5.939 Hd0.105 1.810 - .295 15.00 1.549 61.399 4.144 59.949 22.

546 1.223 1252.78 0.794 14.0847 0.694 1.25 1.70 1.5299 0.20 1.504 49.288 26.256 83.20 0.300 11.769 1.00 4.15 1.40 1.80 0.6722 0.272 31.00 1.329 1.+ m I r SHARP-CRESTED WEIR NOTE: EQUATION BASED ON CURVES.498 7.00 1.692 14.317 28.067 36.306 30.498 1924.645 28.102 171.30 1.35 0.546 x ~1.1957 0.512 24.611 32.50 1.548 206.50 5.460 6.363 5.00 3.602 26.619 1.161 19.852 3.258 32.0569 0.544 39.159 12.897 3630.904 20.440 36.780 ‘“l 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 I l.546 17.936 40.649 18.10 0.100 16.308 2175.00 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 90 100 23.620 3009.852x HO78 d 1.60 0.45 1.75 1.40 0.78 d N dX 1.434 5.368 22.309 2.309 16.960 31.326 710.432 1057.750 2440. QUADRANT OF COORDINATES 1 r (sEE ii i: P=+.089 22.935 307.50 4.00 2.109 7.647 30.1543 0.8289 1. ha/Hd=O.60 1.400 1.068 9.2911 0.178 34.1172 0.65 1.376 H0.90 1.020 12.0165 0. USER DOWNSTREAM QUADRANT DATA 1.077 2.999 2.473 1.15 0.507 15.545 J686.120 1.691 37.10 1.696 J462.383 1.258 1.639 21.4028 0.811 35.45 0.55 1.~~ ‘ ORIGIN Hd UPSTREAM QUADRANT HDC SHEETS II I-7 TO III-IO] DOWNSTREAM .235 0.30 0.952 60.820 2.879 17.35 1.713 24.40 1.311 37.491 8.20 1.189 1.357 109.2413 0.852 x ‘d 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 SLOPE OATA — x x1.OO.911 25.929 38.0000 1.675 139.60 1.180 4.668 876.156 2.803 OVERFLOW 3-ON-3 HYDRAULIC REV I-64 SPILLWAY UPSTREAM DESIGN CHART CREST’ FACE II I-9 WES 2-?)4 .847 3.214 24.0341 0.922 1.901 33.869 560.50 3.969 27.052 1.845 1.80 2.278 11.156 10.05 1.80 x I q 1.4d9 9.984 29.846 425.409 19.70 0.541 34.864 13. HDC 122-3/1.50 0.25 0.

5 0.80 VALUES 1.2 0.7 0.1 0 1.4 \- 0..9 0.90 1..- ..00 2.75 1.05 -1 OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST n NEGLIGIBLE VELOCITY OF APPROACH FLOW AND K DESIGN CURVES CHART HYDRAULIC III-10 =.65 1 — 1.I .85 OF n AND K 1.0 0.95 2.3 0.6 0.70 I .8 0.

5* References.- SHEETS 111-11 TO 111-1411 OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CRESTS UPPER NAPPE PROFILES 1..(l) The obser.— vations were not in sufficient detail to justify definition of the shapes by tabular coordinates. 111-11 to 111-14/1 Revised 7-75 . Charts 111-12 and 12/1 are applicable to center bays of gated spillways without abutment effects. 2-375. a power house. Vicksburg.” 3.. Miss. Charts 111-13 and 13/1 present graphicallyupper nappe profiles for three gate bays adjacent to abutments and show the abutment effects on the nappe profiles. 4. Charts 111-14 and 14/1 present graphically upper nappe profiles along left and right abutments for varying abutment radii and the effects of approach channel irregularities near the abutment (i. 2. and 1. and a relatively shallow and irregular approach channel). December 1953. Chart 111-11 is applicable to standard spillway crests of high overflow dams without piers or abutment effects. 1.50.— . Hydraulic Design Charts 111-11 to 111-14/1 give nappe profile data for spillways’without and with abutments and piers and for a sampling of irregular approach flow conditions. CE. California. Chart 111-14 is based on Rowlesburg Dam(2) model test data and Chart 111-14/1 is based on Alum Creek Dam(3) and Clarence Cannon Dam (4) model test data.33.HYDRAULIC DESIGN CRITERIA . Kings River. a water-quality control tower. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The profile coordinates are based on investigations for negligible velocity of approach conducted under CW 801. Spillway and Conduits for Pine Flat Dam. Technical Manual No. (1) U. Profiles for intermediate head ratios may be obtained by plotting YIHd vs H/Halfor a given X/Hal.00. Charts 111-11 to 111-12/1 present tabulated coordinates of upper nappe profiles in terms of the design head (Hd) for gated and ungated spillways with head ratios (HjHd) of 0. The observations were not in sufficient detail to justify definition of the shapes by tabular coordinates. based on Pine Flat Dam model test data. The shapes of upper nappe profiles for overflow spillway crests are used in the design of spillway abutment walls and in the selection of ‘trunnion elevations for tainter gates. “General Spillway Tests. S.e.

CE. Pickering. Hydraulic Model Investigation. S. April 1970. Ables. Salt River. River. [J. Vicksburg. (3) (4) — 111-11 to 111-14/1 Revised 7-75 —-’ . A. Vicksburg. H. Cheat. CE. Investigation. . and M. Hydraulic Model Technical Report H-71-7. by B. Hydraulic Model Investigation. Miss.(2) U. B. P. Spillway and Outlet Works. by Technical Report H-70-4. S. Spillway for Clarence Cannon Reservoir. CE. Miss. West Virginia. Boyd. S. Vicksburg. October 1971. G. Fletcher. June 1970.. Missouri.. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Staiton. Ohio. by J. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. . Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station . Rowlesburg Dam. Technical Report H-70-7. lJ. Jr. Alum Creek. Spillway for Alum Creek Dam. Miss.

MIssISSIPPI REv I-64 WES 9-54 .4 -0.6 1.4 0.002 0. 8s7 -1.8 1.294 0.821 -0.4 1.200 -0.6 1.6 0.2 1.320 -0.2 0.060 -1.0 -0.0 0.470 0.865 -0.210 -1.563 0.4 0.0 -0.0 t.33 y/tid = 1.919 -0.258 0.145 0.4 1.075 0.243 0.110 -1.465 -0.411 -0.NO PIERS ‘-— COORDINATES ti/Hd )(/Hal = 0.8 -0.2 1.8 -0.4 -0. VICKSSURG.705 0.4 0.490 -0.2 1.0 -0.0 0.0 0.6 -0.705 -0.0 -0.915 -0.2 0.4 -0.4 1.055 0.2 0.475 -0.8 1.569 -0.6 0.425 -0.6 -0.0 1.8 -0.681 -0.531 1.50 FOR UPPER H/Hal NAPPE WITH NO PIERS* = 1.07s 0.000 -0.460 -0.755 -0.2 0.6 0.185 -1.0 1.8 -1.2 0.300 -0.8 1.6 1.484 -0.8 -0.371 -0.893 -0.933 -0.6 -0.220 -0.972 -1.821 -0.151 -1.00 y/Hal H/Hal x/Hal I )(/Hal -1.2 0.269 OVERFLOW *BASED ON ES 801 TESTS FOR OF APPROACFl SPILLWAY CREST UPPER NAPPE DESIGN PROFILES PIERS CHART Ill-1 I NEGLIGIBLE VELOCITY WITHOUT HYDRAULIC q I! CPAREO W U S ARMY EMG#NEER WATERWAYS ExPCRIUCMT STATION.506 -0.

n9 -0.240 0.950 -0. ‘\ \ –\ > LEGEND \ \\ ——.208 0.8 loo 1.445 0.01 I 0.675 0.651 -0.067 0.821 -0.8 -0.425 -0.0 1.2 0.4 0.0 -0.103 -0.209 -1.689 -0.215 0.2 0.383 -0.4 0.950 -0.33 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ COORDINATES FOR UPPER NAPPE ALONG PIERS* H/Hd = 0. ALONG PIERS 4 ~F BAY YHd’= 1.244 -1.6 1.6 -0.925 1.8 -1.0 -0.0 0.490 -0.495 -0.2 0.OO X/Hd y/Hal H/Hd = 1.185 -0.6 0.2 1.440 -0.4 -0.4 1.285 -0.438 OVERFLOW ‘BASED ON ES801 TESTS FOR OF APPROACH SPILLWAY CREST UPPER HYDRAULIC NAPPE DESIGN PROFILES PIERS CHART 111-12/1 WES 9-54.8 1..218 -1.235 -1.S21 0.6 1. ---F -k -+- TYPE 2 PIER (cHART Iii-5) %.4 -0.121 0.8 -0.50 X/Hd Y/Hd H/Hd=l.389 -0.0 -0.2 1. REV 9-75 NEGLIGIBLE VELOCITY ALONG .6 0.549 -0.265 -0.929 -0.4 -0.177 -1.2 1.492 -0.0 0.0 0.779 -1.930 -0.286 0..2 0.2 0.076 0.6 0.33 X/Hd Y/Hd -1.0 1.4 1.6 -0.482 -0.8 1.8 -0.940 -0.060 0.221 -1.6 1.2 0.4 1.8 -0.8 -0.6 -0.545 -0.4 0.925 -o.

102Hd LEFT — -— BAY -1 0. REV 9-75 BAY NO.5 1. 3 TYPE CHART 2 (HYORALJLIC III-5).0 ‘/H.0 -0. 3 .0 -1. 2 NO.5 0./ ( m v < q : -1.5 0“0 A/Hd 0.5 -1.5 2.0 BAY NO. I R= 0. I —-— ‘— LEFT SIDE OF BAY R OF BAY RIGHT SIDE OF BAY PROFILES ARE BASED ON PINE FLAT MOOEL TESTS FOR SPILLWAY HAVING PIERS SIMILAR TO FLOW -1P II -L BAYNO.0 Is 2.00 ‘-7==-‘/Hd OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST UPPER NAPPE ABUTMENT HYDRAULIC DESIGN PROFILES EFFECTS CHART WES Ill -13 9-54. 2 ABUTMENT LEGEND —. 0.0 -1. 2osH~ BAY T 1. DEsION H/Hd = [ .5 Lo 1.078H~ NO.5 -0.

078q# r k -1-NO.0 -1.5 2.5 -0.5 0.5 3 ~ rofiles ARE BASEO ON PINE FLAT MODEL TESTS FOR SPILLWAY HAVING PIERS SIMILAR TO TYPE 2 (HyDRAULIc DESIGN CHART III-5).5 Lo -1. I BAY NO.0 ‘/Hd 1.0 -1.0 1.5 -1.13/1 WES 9-54.5 2. 3 H/Hd —. 2 ABUTMENT I P ! fLow~ LEFT LEGEND BAY -1 o.0 CREST AXIS OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST UPPER -0.0 =1. 0.5 2.0 -1.0 -0.5 a q < 0.5 0“0 )(/Hd 0. b’ 1 = 1.0 -1. REV 9-75 1.35 1 I Q .5 1I .5 Lo HYDRAULIC NAPPE ABUTMENT DESIGN PROFILES EFFECTS CHART Ill .5 I . 3 — .0 0.0 0.5 -1.0 BAY NO.5 -1.0 -1.5 BAY NO. 2 ‘p1.5 0.0 BAY NO.5 -0.0 ‘/Hd 0.5 0.0 -a5 -0. I —-— —— LEFT SIDE OF BAY ~ OF BAY RIGHT SIDE OF BAY -1.-1.5 Lo 1.0 0. 2os#/~ BAY NO.— 0.

0 0.4&~d 1 H/tid=L34 ‘=0.79Hd=w OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST l-’ -1.s 1.42g~d t t q # > R=o. RIGHT ABUTMENT PLAN PLAN -1.0 0.0 -0.5 2.0 1. 1 I R=o.5 0.0 2.0 2.0 25 NOTE: BASED ON ROWLESBURG MODEL TESTS FOR HAVING SEVEN 1.0 1.5 UPPER NAPPE PROFILES ALONG ABUTMENTS APPROACH CHANNEL ABUTMENT CURVATURE HYDRAULIC DESIGN CHART AND EFFECTS III -14 WES 7-7s 0.3s?/fd .357 DESIGN Hd-VVIDE CHART PIERS III-5).5 1.5 X /Hd I.0 -0.5 0.s x/Hal 0.5 2.786 Hd J WATER-Q”ALITy CONTROL TOWE R /.607 Hd-WIDE BAYS SEPARATED SIMILAR TO TYpE 3 (HYORAULIC WATERQ”ALITy CONTROL TOWER /.0 xlHd .ss7h&/ 1 FL Ow I q~Cms7AX/s m 1 Xw \ ~ +-’ -1.0 -0.5 PROFILES SPILLWAYS BY 0.5 RIGHT ABUTMENT PLAN 2.o 1.[ 1.

0 -0.WIDE BAYS SEPARATED Hd . PLAN 4 .0 0.5 2.360 Hd . F’av.5 2.5 10 ..5 x= > 0.( -2.wIr)E WERS SIMILAR TO TYPE 2 (HyDRAuLIc CHART III-5). 8 CREST AXIS ~ Xw > R= O.0 2 (HYDRAULIC DEsIGN To .aS UPPER NAPPE PROFILES ALONG ABUTMENTS APPROACH CHANNEL AND ABUTMENT CURVATURE EFFECTS HYDRAULIC DESIGN CHART Ill -14/l WES s -75 .0 -0.5 IV ON 4.0 -0.0 ffd 0.5 1.92 DESIGN ON ALUM CREEK MODEL TESTS FOR THREE 1.0 PIERs SIMILAR CHART III-5).0 -0.5 0!0 )(/Hal 0.5 NOTE: PROFILES SPILLWAY BASED HAVING BY 0.14 1.139 #d F RIGHT ABUTMENT NOTE PROFILE BASED ON CLARENCE CANNON MODEL TESTS FOR SPILLWAY HAVING FOUR 1.= .0 ‘/#d -1.0 2.0 0.5 -1.0 1.278 Hd .-1..320 HiHd =0.5 2V o -1.5 x/Hal 0.389 Hd WIDE BAYS SEPARATED BY 0.5H -1.0 2.0 1.5 0..5 2.WIDE TYpE -2. OVERFLOW SPILLWAY CREST PLAN HIHd=l.5 1.0 1.5 x/Hal HiHd=i.-1.