BY Bishwodev Bhattarai (O64/B.Arch/208)

Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Bachelor of Architecture in the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning

Lalitpur, Nepal Sept 2012


This is to certify that this thesis entitled “RECREATIONAL TOURIST RESORT” at Mulabari. Pokhara, submitted by Mr. Bishwodev Bhattarai has been examined and it has been declared successful for the partial fulfillment of the academic requirement towards the completion of the Degree of Bachelor of Architecture.

……………………………………… Associate Professor Rajesh Thapa (Thesis Supervisor) Institute of Engineering Pulchowk Campus Date………………………….


I declare that this dissertation has not been previously accepted in substance for any degree and is not being concurrently submitted in candidature for any degree. I state that this dissertation is the result of my own independent investigation/ work, except where otherwise stated. I hereby give consent for my dissertation, if accepted, to be available for photocopying and understand that any reference to or quotation from my thesis will receive an acknowledgement.

................................ Bishwodev Bhattarai (064/B.Arch/208) Date:………………...


“There are no limitations to the mind except those we acknowledge”

Napoleon Hill

The series of support, help, guidance, instructions and judgment has made possible for me to complete this thesis work. During the period of 8 month, from case study to completion of thesis work, I have received valuable suggestions from many professionals and intellects. First of all, I would like to thank Department of Architecture for the inclusion of “Thesis Project” as the course of study, in which we are granted an opportunity to make a choice of any architectural project of our interest as the design assignment. I am indebted to our thesis Coordinator, Prof. Dr. Sudarsan Raj Tiwari for providing me with his valuable suggestion & guidance and along with him; I should value equal height to my thesis supervisor Asso. Prof. Rajesh Thapa, who continuously supervised my thesis progress and suggested for improvement. I would like to express my gratitude to Mr. Sailendra Basnet, manager of Hattiban resort, Mr. Mahendra Bhandari, Manager of Godavari Village Resort, Krishna Subedi, Manager of Dhulikhel Mountain Resort and Chief Engineer of Fulbari Resort and Spa for their assistance in my case study. My sincere appreciation also goes to my jurors, Prof. Danheera Kansakar, Ar. Prajwol Hada, Asso.Prof. Padhma Jeev Tamrakar and Asso. Prof. Deepak Pant, for their valuable comments in different stages of my presentation. I would also like to thank Mr. Sujan Tripathi for his instruction in structure portion of my design. I would also like to mention the help from my seniors for providing me various materials and reports useful for my thesis. At last but not least, my thanks goes to every single, who have supported me for the successful completion of this report.

……………………… Bishwodev Bhattarai ( 064/B.Arch/208)

Resort is a combination of hospitality facilities and recreation. The title Recreational Tourist Resort is chosen because this resort focuses mainly on recreational facilities. Here, visitors can feel intimacy with nature along with the quality of space and service. The resort is designed in a manner that one can enjoy day time recreational facilities can stay overnight too. The varieties of recreational facilities like, Golf, Water based recreations (Swimming, Boating, fishing, Amphibian Plane, Canoeing etc.), Outdoor Sports, Club House Facilities, Trekking, Mountaineering, Para Gliding, Caving etc are magnetic features of the resort. The resort spreads over an area of 70 Ropanies and extra 30 Ropani for 3 hole miniature Golf Course. The site is contoured down from south towards north and main block of the resort is designed over the topmost level of the site, whereas cottages are allocated in lower part of the site. On the lower western side, recreational block is planned where the combination of 3 buildings have created a focal plaza. Two entrances, one main entrance is in upper part of the site which has vehicular access and another in lower part of the site has waterway access. The site is adjacent to Phewa Lake, so maximum consideration have been given to lake and Mountain View and for this, maximum rooms are oriented towards northern direction. View decks and photography deck are also designed in different part of the site. There are altogether 85 rooms divided in main block and cottages. Main block have 47 guest units,8 twin cottage have 16 rooms, and 2 multi user cottage have 20 rooms. Combination of local construction materials and modern technology tend to created buildings in harmony with site and surrounding. Emerging concept of eco-sensitive architecture in present context is another part to be implemented in building sector. Thus, in every aspect of design, it is necessary to incorporate few portion of green or sustainable architecture. Effect in environment due to building sectors is unavoidable but, we shall always act to minimize it. Concept of rainwater harvesting, Ground water recharge, sewerage treatment, wind mill, Solar PV cells, solar water heater, and edible landscape is implemented in this project. Minimizing hard surface in landscape and extensive use of plants and tress helps to maintain local ecology. Thus, this resort is a combination of buildings, recreational facilities and ecological balance which create one of the best destinations.

TABLE OF CONTENT Page No. Part 1: Proposal 1.1 Background 1.1.1 Introduction 1.1.2 Resort Scenario in Nepal 1.2 Project Introduction 1.2.1 What is Recreational Resort? 1.2.2 Recreation 1.2.3 Site Specific Recreation 1.2.4 Rating of Resort 1.3 Justification 1.4 Objective 1.5 Scope and Limitations 1.6 Methodology 1.7 Proposed Case Study, Program Study and Literature Review 1.7.1 Research Area 1.8 Project Output Envisaged 1.9 Program Formulation and Area Analysis 1.10 Conclusion Part 2: Literature Review 2.1 Planning Requirements in Resort 2.1.1 Direction and Access 2.1.2 Entry and Lobby 2.1.3 Guest Room 2.1.4 Restaurant, Dining and Bars 2.1.5 Kitchen 2.1.6 Recreational Facilities 2.1.7 Internal Environment 2.1.8 Landscape 2.1.9 Safety and Security 2.1.10 Staff Facilities 2.1.11 Conference Area 2.1.12 Administration and Service Area 2.2 Views 2.3 Environmental Requirements 2.4 Landscape requirements 2.5 Service Requirements 2.6 Important Factors in Planning of Resort 1 2 4 5 6 6 7 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13 14 16

17 18 18 19 20 21 22 26 27 28 29 29 29 30 30 31 31 31

2.7 2.8 2.9

Bye-Laws Nepal Tourism Board Guideline Study of Eco-Sensitive Architecture 2.9.1 Site Responsive Design 2.9.2 Form and Orientation/ Passive Design 2.9.3 Water Conservation 2.9.4 Indoor Air Quality 2.9.5 Grey Water recycling

31 32 32 33 34 35 36 36

Part 3: Case Study 3.1 Godavari Village Resort 3.2 Fulbari Resort and Spa 3.3 Dhulikhel Mountain Resort 3.4 Hattiban Resort 3.5 Icicle Village Resort 3.6 Inferences from Case Study Part 4: Site Analysis 4.1 Natural Features 4.1.1 Geology and Soil Condition 4.1.2 Topography 4.1.3 Climatology 4.1.4 Hydrology 4.1.5 Vegetation and Ecology 4.2 Existing Features 4.3 Site Status 4.4 Site Surrounding 4.5 Important Venues Nearby 4.6 Access to the Site 4.7 Infrastructures 4.8 Socio-Economic Analysis 4.9 Bye- Laws 4.10 SWOT Analysis 4.11 Selection Criteria 4.12 Environment Impact Analysis 4.13 Inference from Site Part 5: Planning and Design Concept 5.1 Design Concept 5.2 Approach

38 44 51 56 60 63

64 64 64 64 65 65 65 65 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 68 69 71

72 72


5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11




Evolution of Design Concept 5.3.1 Response to Lake and Mountain 5.3.2 Aesthetic 5.3.3 Incorporation of Sun, Wind and Rain in living Style 5.3.4 Contour Zoning and Planning Concept Design Concept of Main Block Design Concept of Recreational Block Design of Cottages Visual Axes ‘Response to Lake and Mountain’ Building form and Material Applied Area Analysis and Calculation Ground Coverage and FAR 5.11.1 Calculation of Total Ground Coverage 5.11.2 Calculation of Built-up Area Different Spaces in Resort 5.12.1 Guest Units 5.12.2 Restaurants and Bars 5.12.3 Main Block 5.12.4 Parking 5.12.5 Staff Dormitory 5.12.6 Cottage 5.12.7 Recreational Block Description of Eco-Sensitive Features 5.13.1 Rain Water Harvesting 5.13.2 Wind Power 5.13.3 Solar PV Panel 5.13.4 Management of Bio-Degradable Wastes 5.13.5 Grey Water Treatment Plant Conclusion

73 73 73 73 73 74 75 76 76 77 78 79 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 84 84 84 85 86 86 86 87 87 88 89 90

A. Annexes: Drawings B. Bibliography

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