Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Female Reproductive System

Main Organs Involved • • • • Vagina Uterus Oviduct Ovaries

Physiology

Vagina o Act as an organ of intercourse and to convey sperm to the cervix so that sperm can meet with the ovum in the fallopian tube. o Complications:  Vaginal Diseases • Lumps • Sores • Discharge Uterus o Its major function is to accept a fertilized ovum which becomes implanted into the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose. o If egg does not implanted the menstruation occurs. o Complication:  Uterine Atony  Hysterectomy Oviducts o Fallopian tubes or oviducts provide the fertilization site where the egg meets the sperm. o Complication:  Pelvic Inflammatory Disease  Salpingectomy Ovaries o The main function is to produce, mature and discharge ova. Therefore, it is necessary for maturation and maintenance of secondary characteristics in females. o Complication:  Ovarian Cancer

Mechanisms of Labor Cardinal Movements of Labor

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