Fiscus!

Land 110

Design with Nature
By Ian L. McHarg

1

This was a dirty town. ! The second path. trying to unlock all of its secrets. that inspires readers too look at their own environment in new ways. ! Chapter 1: City and Countryside ! Ian talks about how he has come to become the person he is today. Partly due to the fact that Ian grew up during the Depression. there was fields of grain.Fiscus! Land 110 ! Ian McHargʼs book is an intriguing book. He speaks of how nature and man. but also because of the fact that the city was dirty and without respects for nature. Taking pictures of landscapes is not always easy. 2 . animals running to and fro. The other path lead Ian up into the Highlands. However. the city was not completely without beauty. The one path was the metropolitan that was called Glasgow. Overall a much happier environment. Here. and discover why it was so much more pleasing then that of the cityʼs environment. There where a few items that he enjoyed which helped him to pass his time. He shows landscapes and designs that are seen as beautiful and makes them the breath taking. ! The city was full of ugliness. and how these two fit together. About how two different paths from his home lead him to two very different places. was much more pleasing. with smoke filling the air and all the buildings tinted black with soot from the coal burning factories. and helped him to grow new ideas and develop his thoughts. however. Each year he would adventure further and further in to this nature. but Ian makes every picture graceful and majestic.

Trying to reduce the amount of damage they can inflict by absorbing some of that energy. The best of nature and man. ! This information is known to any young Dutchman. using grass and masonry. just tries to lesson them.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 2: Sea and Survival ! Nature is a process. even in the area where it is important to their overall survival. but with the eventuality that a storm will come to test their strengths. 3 . and changed whenever it is demanded too. much of the time sitting in wait. but in the United States. Nature helps one unwind. interact with its environment. and enjoy that which is not man made. it is unknown. None to many seek out. Dunes and dikes are created to hold back the fury of a coming storm. its natural and is not pretending to be something it is not. Sometimes nature presents its own problems that we as human beings must over come. This is all because of politics and the lack of connection that the modern day man carries for nature. instead of trying to completely stop the waves. One such case of this is that which is presented by the New Jersey Shore. Suited to fit our cities needs and demand. creating a stronger design then with just man made or just nature. ! The Dutch. But nature is not without its problems. If more people spent the time to understand nature better. They do this by creating flexible dunes that flex at the force of a wave. explore. more or less defecting them. or artificially crafted. like most of the metropolitan monsters. it has to abide by laws. the outcome would be better for all.

It is just a bandage. From this many ideas have been spawned. The silence of the forests. All of these give cities a connection back to the country side. ! Recreating nature is not so much a pleasure. its a necessity. Its not only an escape for the dullness of city life. or even a couple of pennies to ride the tram. The city that was nearest to Ian as he grew up was Glasgow. 4 . ! The issue with the industrial metropolitan created many problems. a bike ride. the trickle of a stream and the chirp of the birds. What really needs to be done is a blending of the cities and the countryside. miserable town that was grimy and dirty. and urban surroundings. open space areas. and parks. Glasgow was a grim. This cannot be found in the large cities. however the country side is not the fixed for the problem. But the the countryside could be reached by a short walk. Ideas like green belts.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 3: The Plight ! Ian has spent his life trying to create oases in the metropolitans that we call cities. but it also is what makes life worth living.

With all these processes that must be completed to start construction. ! Basically. and with out this prior fore thought and absolute care for detail. would end in disaster and unhappiness. ! Not only that but the construction workers have to look at the other possible land uses and prove to the community that a high way is the best use of that space. our civilization would be back in the industrial times. Chapter 5: The Cast and the Capsule ! Ian discusses two stories he tells his students when he first meets them. land rights and making the best use of the space for the community. he says he does this to challenge them and to make them think. the most important in Ianʼs concern is the connection of this design back to nature. air and biotic resources. Such things as safety. Everything has to be considered during its construction. Without this connection. highway construction is a very complex undertaking for many reasons.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 4: A Step Forward ! Ideas as simple as building a freeway are actually quite complex. One of these stories talks of man in space and how looking back at the earth is 5 . There are many things that are trying to be maximized during that process.

plants and bacteria where doing fine long before humans became part of this planet. who are we to say that a certain species cannot live in a certain place anymore just because we want to build more homes and cities. Humans create food for these creatures. animals. However we do not have a symbiotic relationship. God. when one can get a resource for free it is usually jumped on. Chapter 6: Nature in the Metropolis ! Plants too do work for use. and in some cases shelter them. and we can do with it as we see fit. The other story tells about the increase in nuclear energy and the possible destruction of almost all forms of life. ! Humans however serve plants and bacteria. This resource Ian is 6 . We use their by products and give them what they need to grow. and how the earth would have to start all over again. this is not true. And because of this. plants and all wild life is thought of as our own domain. ! Humans think of themselves as divine. And in times of greed and wealth. However. we are the only creatures to have a connection with a power greater then our own. Nature had no intent for man kind to be so ruthless. provide land for them to grow.Fiscus! Land 110 breath taking.

the most out standing likely being the lack of natural natural areas. But as time as gone on. and a connection back the the wild human roots that plants give us. and woodlands.Fiscus! Land 110 speaking of is not only just air. aquifer recharge areas. ! Many of the ideas from this book may in part be because it was written during the depression and dust bowl. National Forests and National Parks have increased in popularity in recent years. The look of a natural. This could be for many reasons. natural look as made a come back. usable landscape has become more important. These all hold important natural aspects that must be preserved at the risk of destroying all that we cherish. Surface water. aquifers. ! The values put on landscape have change from many times in the past. and nature has become less and less common. steep slopes. flat land. untouched. it is also a get away. The dust bowl may likely be a 7 . and the rest have barely been left a mark on them. Much of these areas remained untouched by man. the mastery of landscape was the prominent look of the age. flood plains. marshes. Chapter 7: On Values ! Preservation of the natural areas are becoming of greater and greater value. forests. The Middle Ages. ! Some of the uses of open spaces.

they can create a space that works for today. If the proper precautions are not taken the destructive nature takes over. 8 .Fiscus! Land 110 cause for an increase in the popularity of the artistic designs of a landscape architect. This chapter also speaks of the great value parks can provide to cities and there residents. It is a necessity of life. Chapter 8: A Response of Values ! The natural phenomena are dynamic interacting processing. The additional revenue that these parks earn basically pays for themselves within a couple of years. tomorrow and much farther into the future. Plans for developing can only fend off a small amount of the growth. and these proffer opportunities and limitations to human use. It can not be stopped. humans also must learn to limit our own growth so that we maybe able to have a sustainable existence and our civilians a sustainable life style. ! Uncontrolled growth is horrible destructive. responsive to laws. If one accommodates for the future. however it can an must be predicted by designers. depending on the initial price of the park and the prospected use. ! Development is impossible to control. making the investment much more cost effective then it may have otherwise been.

Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 9: The World is a Capsule ! The world is a capsule is a good way to think of the planet Earth. mountainsides and 9 . the plants take carbon dioxide and turn it into oxygen. Everything that lives on the planet is connected to every other living thing on this planet. and it is all just a matter of time before all of what we do too the earth will come back to haunt us. Farm land does a lot more for humans then just provide food and substance. Earth is all an interconnected web of diversity. As an important as this concept is. Do the same thing over a large city and everything in it would soon die. Beaches. while utilizing the carbon. marshes. people tend to forget it. Place a jar over a farm. ! The importance of preserving our environment is beyond explanation. The output of carbon dioxide and noxious gases is astronomical. The Earth is our home and we must protect it. forests. Chapter 10: Process as Values ! It would have been most advantageous of man kind to evaluate the situation of land long ago. Everything that we do to our environment is trapped her with us.

This is all because of the excessive pollution of the surrounding area. and is unique complex in each situation. low number of species. Without the citizens input on the subject. many projects would not be directed at how they should really be designed. it is a common known fact that you are not to use beaches and the ocean after it rains. which is simplicity. especially in California. ! This is where the importance of the residents comes into effect. low number of 10 . but just to create a sort of naturalist view. They still have simple and basic laws that they must follow. and in differently weighted quantities. from a primitive state. ! A site can evolve at time goes on. less romantic. The citizens would never utilize the space.Fiscus! Land 110 all the beauty that nature produces are in much shorter supply now. uniformity. ! In California. However if you just make it form a naturalists point of view. Making their ideal space simpler to satisfy and easier to design to fit their needs. carrying diseases and illnesses. We may have a large amount of mountainside left but we donʼt have very much beach left. ! Their views are more simplistic. Chapter 11: The Naturists ! Your designs are not trying to create a utopia for everyone. A utopia is different for everyone. and there concerns would go unheard. If one feels like they want to risk it. then all can the created to make most people happy. instability. they can come down with some nasty sicknesses. and much more modest. and when it rains the pollution runs into the ocean.

stability (steady state). Where as a professor has no constraints. depending on the person. where it came from. Chapter 12: The River Basin ! Landscape architects are limited by the problems presented by the client. but we can learn from the past. Historical geology and climate both play important roles in the river basins. ! The river basin is am permanent structure. Along with that the geology is the next important factor. which consists of complexity. diversity. The future is the more important then the past in this cause. This can be seen as a constraint. The future is what the space is going to be and how it will be used. and how we can use this place. It is also the most notable item in a landscape. 11 . In the same way a space can retrogress. stability.Fiscus! Land 110 symbioses and high entropy. or as a challenge. And evolve into an advanced state. high symbioses and low entropy. The water connects the river basin to the surrounding area. making it return to a simple and primitive look. ! Climate is very important also. They tell of how it was formed. high number of species.

The electron micrograph shows the modular geometry of the atoms. compounds are described by formal schema. ! The intent to find a more natural and simplistic ideals cause humanity to move away nature itself. Overall man kind is a negative force. Chapter 14: Process and Form ! Man kind is a destructive force. However some unique designs do have positive effect on the environment. the microscope can reveal the striking forms of snowflakes crystals. ! Elements are described in terms of form. the crystalline form of giant molecules. nucleus and the shells of orbiting electrons. 12 . That is why it is so important for this space to be comforting and respectful. to the disgracing look of an undeveloped city. Most of the people that live in cities. This causes many problems from the health of the metropolitan's citizens.! ! Some places are not suited for urbanization. live in this area. This has caused many problems from the exessive out put of carbon dioxide to us getting further and further from nature itself.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 13: The Metropolitan Region ! This region of space is most populated region. They destroy forests to build their own desires but forget that they are not the only creatures living on this planet. For these areas it is some times suited to make into open space areas and national parks. However not many of these areas are connected back to nature.

and shows how to employ what nature offers to the fullest extent without imposing limitations or design constraints to create a balanced and self-renewing environment. ! Ian McHarg pioneered both a "logical" way to approach human enterprise within the natural world. "Design With Nature" is a good place to start. the author explores the relationship between the built environment and nature to illustrate how both can be used to their full potential without being detrimental or destructive to each other. the real struggle to understand the principals behind prioritizing land use is still ongoing. Provides a combination of scientific insight and constructive design.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 15: The City: Process and Form ! With a distinct emphasis on human cooperation and biological partnership in design. and the analytic/presentation methodology which is now used by virtually all planners. At least the technicals aspects of the methodology are used. ! If you're looking for some clear and easy to understand directions to help get us out of the mess we've made of our world. 13 .

When you do it however it is the greatest feeling in the world according to Ian. ! 14 . However to do it well and comfortably is difficult. With each generation man kind learns new and vital information about ourselves and our planet.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 16: Health and Pathology ! Manʼs migration into the urban setting is both a great and an unfortunate things. ! Synthesis the space men to live is not a difficult thing to do.

" The book also had an impact on a variety of fields and ideas. McHarg's focus. McHarg also was interested in garden design and believed that homes should be planned and designed with good private garden space. river corridor planning. etc. which McHarg saw as a subjugation of nature. was only partially on the visual and sensual qualities which had dominated the English picturesque movement. Frederick Steiner tells us that "environmental impact assessment. Instead. and sought to more fully and intelligently design human 15 . ! In 1969. he saw the earlier tradition as a precursor of his philosophy. he published. McHarg became an important figure. He promoted an ecological view. ! As the first-wave American environmental movement swept across American college campuses in the '60s and early '70s. linking a compelling personal presence and a powerful rhetoric with a direct and persuasive proposal for a new integration of human and natural environments.Fiscus! Land 110 Chapter 17: Prospect ! His father was a local minister in the industrial city of Glasgow.the smoky industrial urbanism of Glasgow and the sublimity of the surrounding environs-.Design With Nature was the first work of its kind "to define the problems of modern development and present a methodology or process prescribing compatible solutions. climate. new community development. however. brownfields restoration. and ideas about sustainability and regenerative design all display the influence of Design with Nature. in which the designer becomes very familiar with the area through analysis of soil. 2). hydrology. zoo design. and he was often invited to speak on campuses throughout the country. Design with Nature.had a profound influence on his later thinking. His early experiences with the bifurcated landscapes of Scotland-. which was essentially a book of step-by-step instructions on how to break down a region into its appropriate uses (Wenz. It was sharply critical of the French Baroque style of garden design. which was rooted less in aristocratic estate design or even garden design and more broadly in an ecological sensibility that accepted the interwoven worlds of the human and the natural. ! Design with Nature had its roots in much earlier landscape architecture philosophies. Through the 1960s and 1970s. coastal zone management. and full of praise for the English picturesque style of garden design. McHarg showed an early talent for drawing and was advised to consider a career in landscape architecture. his course was the most popular on the Penn campus.

org/wiki/Ian_McHarg 16 .Ian McHarg http://en." -Wikipedia . Always a polemicist.Fiscus! Land 110 environments in concert with the conditions of setting. McHarg set his thinking in radical opposition to what he argued was the arrogant and destructive heritage of urban-industrial modernity.wikipedia. climate and environment. a style he described as "Dominate and Destroy.

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