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Sixteen Years of Internet

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REVIEW

161

Crysis

SPECIAL REPORT
165 The Golden Age Of Video Game
166 2007 Game of The Debate

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
172 Photoshop jzwfvrf;enf;rsm;
174 Premiere Tutorial
177 0if;'dk;pfApfpwm ed'ge;f
181 PhotoshopTutorial
184 Visual Basic .Net
188 0if;'d;k pf XP twGuf tajccHvrf;nTerf sm;
198 uGefysLwmtar;tajz
211 Java Developer Guide
EDITOR
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CONTRIBUTORS
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rS oifhqDpmydkYyg/ ukd,f0ifcJhwJh trsKd;
tpm;eJY wlnDrI&dSygap/
Take Gmail With You
Web tajccH e-mail 0efaqmifrI
rsm;vdk (tjcm; Google Web applica-

rsm;vdk) Internet eJY qufoG,f
xm;rSom Gmail tvkyv
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rSefygw,f/ oifhtaeeJY oifh&JUaccount
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oG,fEkdifw,f/ 'gvnf; jyóemjzpfEkdif
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tions

4 Excellent Add-Ons
Google Apps [m 'Dhxufru vkyfEkdifvdrfhr,f arQmfvifhygw,f/ yl;aygif;
EkdifwJh add-on software wpfckwavawmh tultnD ay;Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/

uREfkyf ESpfoufwJh av;ckuawmh &Sdygw,f/
1/ Address Book to CSV Exporter (tcrJh www. antonialore .net) u
oifh OSX Address Book udk comma-delimited format udk ydkYw,f/
'gaMumifh oifh&JU Gmail account xJudk import vkyfEkdifw,f/ owd
xm;&rSmu oifh&JU tquftoG,f vdyfpmajymif;vJrIay: rlwnfw,f/
olwdkYajymif;&if jyefjyD; import vkyfzdkY vdkw,f/ jyóemudk
ajz&Sif;Ekdifw,fvdkY ajymvdkYr&bl;/
2/ gDisk (tcrJh gdisk, sourceforge.net) u oifh&JU omref files rsm;eJY
folders rsm;udk ae&mtESHYu &&SdwJh Gmail odrf;qnf;zdkY ae&mrSm xnfhoGif;
cGifhay;w,f/ t"dyÜm,fu oifh&JU Gmail account udk tqifajypGm
taxmuftuljyKwJh ae&mtjzpf toHk;jyKEkdifw,fvdkY qdkvdkjcif;jzpfw,f/
3/ Google Notifier (tcrJh macworld.com / 2752) Google Calendar t&
oifhrSm a&SUvmr,fhtcsdef vIyf&Sm;&r,fhudprö sm;udk oifh&JU menu bar uae
owd ay;aewmudk azmfjyay;vdrfhr,f/ odkYr[kwf oifh&JU Gmail inbox rSm
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oifhae&mtwGuf Google Apps package udk oHk;pGJae&if Google
Hosted Mail Notifier (macworld.com/ 2753) qdw
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tkyfpkuaejyD; e-mail message rsm;udk apmifhqkdif;zdkY tcsufay;vdrfhr,f/
4/ Spanning Sync (wpfMudrf0,f 65 a':vm? ESpfpOfaMu; 25 a':vm?
www. spanncingssync.com) miCal calendar eJY Google Calendar
Mum; rQajcjzpfatmif enf;ESpfenf;eJY vkyfaqmifzdkY ay;vdrfhr,f/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
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POP client ud k a wmh oH k ; &ygr,f /
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w,f/ 'DtwGuf tcrJhjzpfjyD; desktop
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jzpfaevdkY jzpfygw,f/
cGefausmfxGef; (awmifMuD;)

Zefe0g&?D 2008

35

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36

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(Time r*¾Zif;rS Romancing
The Computer aqmif;yg; udk
rSjD irf;a&;om;xm;yg w,f/)

Zefe0g&?D 2008

37

NEW PRODUCTS

New Products

Gateway One
one

Windows Vista udk vSvSyytoHk;jyKEkdifaprnfh all-inuGefysLwmtrsKd;tpm;jzpfonf/ high-concept jzifh

a&muf&Sdvmonfh yDpD'DZkdif;wpfck[kvnf; qdkEkdifonf/ acsmarGY
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xkwf Apple \ Twentieth Anniversary Macintosh ESifh
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NXT Sound Vu transducer wpfckESifh yl;wGJwyfqifxm;
onfh pyDumrsm;onf front panel udk wkecf grI zefw;D Ekid o
f nf
txd aumif;rGefvSonf/ Vocals rsm;? bass rsm;ESifh high
frequencies twGuf ykdifykdifEkdifEkdif vkyfaqmifay;Ekdifonf/

front panel

onf pyDum
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IR
remote

wireless

uD;bkwf

40

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onf yHkazmfrsufESmjyifwpfcktjzpf aqmif&Gufay;ae
onfomru uGefysLwmtpdwftykdif;rsm;udk zHk;uG,fxm;ay;
onfh 'dkif;tumMuD;wpfcktjzpfvnf; wm0ef,lxm;aponf/
all-in-one yHkpHjyKjzpfaeaomfvnf; toHk;jyKoltm; jyKjyif
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panel

2.0 GHz Intel Core 2 Duo T7250 processor, 3GB
667 MHz DDR2, SDRAM, 500 GB (7200 rpm) SATA
hard drives ESifh 256 MB ATI Mobility Radeon HD
2600 XT graphic card wdYk wyfqifxm;jyD; 19 vufrt&G,f
wide-screen LCD armfeDwmwdkYudk toHk;csxm;jcif;aMumifh
performance rSm qdz
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dual layer DVD + RW drive jzifhvnf; tiftm; jznfhay;
xm;jyefonf/ ¤if;wGif Windows Vista Premium udk toifh

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vHk; wireless pepfjzifh ay;xm;onf/ Gateway One
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resolution jzpfaejcif;? pointing device uD;bkwfaygifuGif;
ryg0ifjcif;wkdYjzpfonf/ ¤if;twGuf owfrSwfa&mif;aps;rSm
1800 a':vm jzpfonf/

EW PRODUCTS
uGeyf NsLwmtaxG
axG

HP Photosmart Pro B9180 Photo Printer
HP onf photo printer avmuudk pdk;rdk;xm;cJhEkdifonf/
taysmfwrf; "mwfyo
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B9180 rSmrl a':vm 1000 atmuf aps;EIef;tqifh0if photo
printer rsm;teuf taumif;qHk;[k owfrSwfEkdifygvdrfhrnf/
wu,fwrf; ¤if;twGuf owfrSwfa&mif;aps;rSm 699 a':vm
jzpfonf/ ¤if;onf yHkrSefobm0jzifh 13 vufr _ 19 vufr
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tjyif 13 vufr _ 44 vufr t&G,ftpm; aMumfjimezl;pD;rsm;
udkvnf; xkwfvkyfay;Ekdifygao;onf/ eight-color ink system
udk pigment-based ink rsm;ESifhtwl toHk;csxm;ojzifh dyebased ink rsm;xuf Mum&SnfcHEkdifygonf/ HP tqdkt& ¤if;\
tnTef;0ifpuúLudkom toHk;jyKrnfqdkygu rSefaygifxJ xnfhxm;
onfjzpfap? tvif;rJhae&mwGifxm;onfjzpfap ESpfaygif; 200
txd tmrcHEkdifonf[k od&onf/ odkYtwGuf tm;enf;csurSm
omref puúLrsm;jzifh yHEk ydS &f mwGirf l t&nftaoG; tenf;i,f avsmh
enf;rI &SdoGm;aponf/

Ink cartridge &Spcf k

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h aYkd om
aMumfjimezl;pD;rsm;twGuf
13 vufr _ 44 vufr t&G,f
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banner

Lexmark X3550
bwf*suf all-in-one (AIOs) wkdif;onf tajccH printing,
scanning ESifh copying taetxm;xuf tenf;i,fom ausmf
vGefaewwfonf/ Lexmark X3550 rSmrl ydkí xl;xl;jcm;jcm;
xnfhoGif;csufrsm; ygvmcJhonf/ tu,fí yDpDwGif fax modem
wpfckom&Sdaernfqdkygu ¤if;rSwpfqifh fax vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk
vkyfay;Ekdifygao;onf/ wkduf½dkuf scan vkyfí fax ydkYjcif;udkyif
aqmif&u
G af y;Ekid o
f nf/ tu,fíom a':vm 50 cefY ydo
k ;kH Ekid rf nf
qdkygu optional Wi-Fi pepfukd toHk;csEkdifygvdrfhrnf/ ¤if;\
rl&if;wefz;kd rSm a':vm 80 om&So
d nf/ qdv
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kd nfrmS 130 a':vm
wefqdkygu Wi-Fi pepf toHk;csEkdifonfh y&ifwm jzpfoGm;ap
onf/ Text quality tenf;i,fcsKUd ,Gi;f rI awGY&onf/ Automatic
document feeder vHk;0rygay/ xkwfay;Ekdifonfh EIef;xm;onf
jrefqefygonf[k rqdo
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aqmif&u
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taetxm;ESihf output tajctaewdYk onf owfrw
S af ps; EIe;f xuf
xkdufwefaeonf[k ajymEkdifygvdrfhrnf/

Zefe0g&D? 2008

41

NEW PRODUCTS
Raon Digital Everun L 30 H
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ukd,f xnftwGif; wnfaqmufxm;jyD; UMPC 'DZkdif;jyKum
taumif;qH;k tajctaea&mufatmif twd;k tavQmv
h yk cf iG ahf y;xm;
onf/ Mini PC av;wpfcjk zpfonf/ ,aeYxu
G &f jdS yD; UMPC rsm;
teuf aps;EIef;tcsKdomqHk; jzpfaeonf/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;rSm
799 a':vmom&Sdonf/ tav;csdeftm;jzifh 1 'or 1 aygifom
av;onf/ bufx&DrSm toHk;cHvSojzifh taumif;qHk;c&D;aqmif
ud&,
d mwpfck jzpfomG ;aponf/ okYd &mwGif uD;bkwrf mS rqH&h ifuef
vkyaf qmifay;aeouJo
h Ykd &Sad eygonf/ ¤if;wGif 500 MHz AMD
Geode LX 800 processor ESifhtwl 512 MB DDR SDRAM
ESifh 128 MB AMD Geode LX graphics wdkYudk wGJzufwyfqif
xm;jyD; 30 GB (4200 rpm) hard drive udk xnfhay;xm;onf/
yHak zmfrsufEmS jyiftaeeJY 4 'or 8vufrt&G,f 800 x 480 pixel
touch screen TFT LCD udk wyfqifxm;&So
d nf/ vnfywfrpI epf
twGuf Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Editior xnfh
oGi;f yg&Srd nfjzpfonf/ armufpcf vkwEf iS hf touch sensor udk orm;
½d;k usae&mrsK;d wGirf xm;&Sb
d J tay:xdyaf tmufxyd f axmifjh zwfwyf
qifxm;jcif;aMumifh toHk;jyK&ol uoduatmufjzpfapEkdifrnf/
Full-fledged

tay:xyd af xmifw
h iG f
touch sensor

wyfxm;ay;onf/

arrow key rsm;

txufwGif armufpfcvkwf
xm;&Sdonf/

Palm Centro
My First Samrtphone vdYk ac:Muonf/ tajccHobm0tm;
jzifh Treo 755p udk ao;i,faom tdraf v;xJukd >ywfoyd x
f nfah y;
vku
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toHk;jyKygu 99 a':vmom&SdjyD; tvGwf0,f,loltwGuf 299
a':vm owfrSwfxm;jcif;aMumifh Palm \ aemufqHk;xkwf armf
',fjzpfaomfvnf; ta&mif;oGuyf pön;f jzpfomG ;apygonf/ Treo
armf',fawGxuf i,faomfjim;vnf; Centro onf BlackBarry
Pearl xuf tenf;i,fMuD;aeonf/ Screen \ resolution udk
320 x 320 pixel txd jr§ifhwifay;xm;jyD; rsufESmpmwGifyif
QWERTY uD;bkwfao;ao;av; wyfqifay;xm;onf/ toH
zrf;,lrI tm;aumif;jyD; em;MuyfESifh pyDumzkef;wdkYudk toHk;cscGifh
ay;xm;cJhonf/ 4 ESpfcefY oufwrf;&SdjyDjzpfaom Palm OS udk
toH;k jyKxm;jcif;aMumifh stereo Bluetooth audio yHyh ;kd rIuo
hJ Ykdaom
acwfay: feature rsm; ryg&SdEkdifawmhay/ odkYaomf messaging
option aygif;rsm;pGm yg&Sv
d mcJo
h nf/ 1.3 megapixel uifr&myg&Sd
onf/ ½kyfaoyHkrsm;twGuf tqifajyaomfvnf; video ½dkuful;rI
twGuf txpfxpftaighaigh &SdEkdifonf/ Music format rsm;
twGuf MP3, AAC ESifh WMA wdkYudk cGifhjyKay;xm;ojzifh Windows Media Player jzifh csdefukduf toHk;jyKEkdifaponf/

42

uGefysLwm*sme,f

High
Resolution
320 x 320
pixel screen

Keys

rsm;rSm
ao;ao;
i,fi,fjzpf
aomfvnf; Clear rubber mubs rsm;jzifh
jyKvyk x
f m;ojzifh tqifajyoGm;aponf/

NEW PRODUCTS

Verizon Wireless Coupe
a&S;usaom clam sheell yHkpHjzifh jyKvkyfxm;jcif;onfyif
topfvm;? ta[mif;vm;[k a0cGrJ &jzpfp&m yHpk jH zpfonf/ odYkaomf
udkifMunfhvkdufonfhtcg yg;yg;vsvs ayghayghyg;yg; jzpfaeapyg
onf/ txl;jcm;qHk; feature wpfckrSm yHkpHtoGiftjyif tajccHus
vSaomfvnf; uspfuspfvspfvspf oG,foG,fvsvsESifh jyD;jynfhpHkap
aom w,fvDzkef;av;jzpfonf/ "I", "C", "E" [laom programmable speed-dial key toHk;jyK&ef yg&Sdonf/ ta&;ay:
toHk;jyK&ef &nf&G,fxm;onfh plain cryptic oufoufomjzpf
onf/ okYd aomf ¤if;twGuf acgif;½Iypf &mwpfck jzpfomG ;apcJo
h nf/
yg&Sdvmaom pyDumzkef;rSm pdwfwkdif;usp&mr&Sdaomfvnf; tvGef
yDo MunfjraomtoHukd vufc&H ,lEidk o
f nf/ cvkwt
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f pm;
MuD;MuD; xnfah y;xm;jcif;aMumifh oufaomifo
h ufom &Sv
d o
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screen wGif zwf½Ionfhtcg bifocal rsufrSeform;rsm;twGuf
'DZdkif;vkyfay;xm;onfhtvm; jrifawGY&onf/ Verizon twGuf
&nfrSef;vkyfukdifay;xm;jcif;aMumifh tjcm;qufoG,fa&;pepfjzifh
toHk;jyKonfhtcg wpfrsKd;wpfrnfjzpfaponf/ Bluetooth yHhydk;
xm;jcif; r&Sday/ odkYaomf headset jack aygufyg&SdjyD; voice
dialing udk xnfhay;xm;onf/

ta&;ay:tqifjh y
tjrefac: code
rsm;jzpfonfh
"I", "C","E" wdYk
yg&jdS cif;aMumifh
usio
hf m;r&cifwiG f Za0Z0g
jzpfp&m &Sad eaponf/

AT&T TILT/HTC 8925
Microsoft Mobile device wpfckuJhodkY portable computing udk ykdifykdifEkdifEkdif toHk;cscGifh&Sdaom smartphone trsKd;
tpm;jzpfonf/ tvGefjrefqefaom performance ay;pGrf;Ekdif
onf/ global wireless pepf tvG,fwul qufoG,fEkdifcGifh&SdjyD;
Microsoft apps rsm;udk tqifajyajy csw
d q
f uf aqmif&u
G af y;Ekid f

320 x 240 resolution
&Sad om touchscreen

44

uGefysLwm*sme,f

ygonf/ toH;k jyKEkid af omtcGit
hf vrf; wpfyw
kH pfyif xnfah y;vku
d f
jcif;aMumifh tvGefMudKufESpfoufp&maumif;aom smartphone
jzpfomG ;aponf/ wpfcw
k nf;aom tm;enf;csufrmS BlackBerry
Connect toHk;jyKonfhtcg tenf;i,f aES;auG;rI&Sdjcif;yifjzpf
onf/ rnfonfh Windows Mobile phone ESirhf Q rwlnED ikd o
f nfh
taumif;qHk; messaging option rsm;yg&Sdonf/ e-mail programs ESpc
f Ek iS hf IM application wdYk ukd yHyh ;kd aqmif&u
G af y;Ekid o
f nfh
tjyif Windows Live ESifh Yahoo! on board wdkYudkvnf; ykdifEkdif
pGm toHk;cscGifh&Sdonf/ Tele Nav service twGuf GPS pepfudk
vnf; xnfhoGif;ay;xm;onf/ toHtaetxm;t& reception
aumif;rGefvSonfhtjyif speakerphone rSmvnf; cyfus,fus,f
toHk;jyKEkdifonf/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;rSm 549 a':vmjzpfonf/

NEW PRODUCTS
Fujifilm Finepix F50 fd
Fujifilm Finepix F 50 fd uifr&mav;onf image quality
aumif;aumif;&&SdEkdifonfhtjyif yg&Sdvmaom features rsm;rSm
vnf; toHk;0ifvSonfhtjyif toHk;jyK&ol oufaomifhoufom
ukdifwG,f toHk;csEkdifaom 'DZdkif;jzifh wnfaqmufxm;&Sdonf/
awmifw
h if;ckid rf mrIvnf; &So
d nf/ 12 megapixel t&nftaoG;udk
½dkuful;&,lEkdifum 3 X zoom lens onf 35 mm -105 mm ESifh
wlnDaom pGrf;aqmifcsufjyKay;Ekdifojzifh auseyf ESpfoufp&m
aumif;aom compact camera av;wpfvHk; jzpfoGm;apygonf/
Wide twGuf f/2.8 aperture ukday;um zoom twGuf f/5.1
aperture udk ay;xm;onf/ tvif;a&mifenf;yg;onfw
h idk f wideangle setting udk toHk;csEkdifao;onf/ brightness udk csdefnd§
Ekdifonfh 2 'or 7 vufrt&G,f LCD screen av; wyfqifay;
xm;onf/ Continuous-shooting mode yg&Sdonf/ built-in
exposure enhancement awmh ryg&Sday/ Face-dection technology oH;k ay;xm;jcif;aMumifh cse
d w
f ,
G rf t
I wGuf tjrJwrf;tqif
oifhjzpfaeaom focus udk &,lEkdifaponf/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;
299 a':vmom&Sdojzifhvnf; bwf*suf csifhcsdefp&mrvdkawmhay/

Adjustable brightness

yg&o
dS nfh 2 'or 7 vufr
t&G,f LCD screen

SD,
SDHC ESihf
XD
memory
card rsm;

xnfhoGif;
toHk;jyK
Ekid o
f nf/

Nikon Coolpix S200
tv,ftvwfwef;pm; compact cam [kac:qdk&rnfyif/
3 X zoom lens wyfqifay;xm;u 7.1-megapixel t&nftaoG;
udk &,lEkdifpGrf;&Sdonf/ Nikon Coolpix S200 udk basic automatic control rsm;ESifhtwl MudKufESpfoufp&maumif;aom
toGit
f jyifjzif'h ZD idk ;f jyKxm;onf/ Automatic shooting twGuf
15 scene mode wyfqifay;xm;onf/ Face-detection autofocus jzifh vkyfaqmifay;Ekdifonfh "One-Touch Portrait"
option yg&Sdonf/ jrefjrefqefqef ½dkufcsufrsm;&,lEkdifojzifh
toHk;jyKoltwGuf tqifajyvSonf/ xGufay:vmaom "mwfyHk
rsm;rSm omreftqifo
h m&&So
d nf/ wyfqifyg&Sv
d maom 3 X zoom
lens rSm odyftm;&p&m raumif;ay/ 38 mm-114 mm range
ay;xm;um wide twGuf f/ 3.1 ESihf zoom twGuf f / 5.9 aparture rsm; &,lEkdifonf/ aeYcif; tvGwf½dkufcsuftwGufjzpfap?
flash ½dkufcsuftwGufjzpfap ½dkuful;íxGufay:vmaom image
rsm;\ ta&mifrmS auseyfp&m&So
d nf/ owfrw
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a':vm jzpfonf/

46

uGefysLwm*sme,f

txkwftoGif;&aom
zoom lens

wyfqifyg&o
dS nf/

New Products In Yangon
Wireless Turbo G Broadband Router
MSI ukrP
Ü rD S armf',ftrSwf RG 60 G jzifh xkwv
f yk cf ahJ om
wireless router jzpfonf/ MSI \ Turbo G technology udk
toHk;jyKxm;ojzifh standard 802.11g xuf 40 &mckdifEIef; ydkrdkjref
qefrIay;onf/ 64 / 128- bit WEP, WPA, WPA2 wdkYESifhtwl
wireless data transmission udk vHkvHkjcHKjcHK vkyfaqmifEkdifpGrf;&Sd
onf/ Firewall ESihf NAC filling access rsm;aMumifh vHjk cHKrt
I wGuf
ydí
k tmrcHcsuaf y;Ekid o
f nf/ Performance optimization vkyif ef;
pOftwGuf txl;oifah vsmfaMumif; axmufccH sufay;Ekid o
f nf/ 100
Mbps txd&Sdaom Fast ethernet rsm;udk yHhydk;aqmif&Gufay;&ef
port switch av;ck xnfhay;xm;onf/ wyfqif&mwGifvnf;
tvGev
f ,
G u
f v
l yS gonf/ 5 dBi &Sd High Gain Anternna rSmvnf;
tm;&p&maumif;vSonf/ Operating temperature rSmvnf;
tjrifhqHk; 40 'D*&DpifwD*&dwfom&SdjyD; humidily 10 &mckdifEIef;rS 90 &mckdifEIef;txd toHk;csEkdifjcif;aMumifh Mum&SnfpGm
tmrcHcsuftjynfhESifh toHk;jyKEkdifaom wireless router wpfck jzpfoGm;apygonf/ «tvdk&Sdygu 36 vrf;rS Smart Computer qkdifwGif 0,f,l&&SdEkdifygonf/»

Mustek Multimedia Video & Sound System
Mustek ukrÜPDxkwf rmwDrD'D,mud&d,mav;jzpfonf/ 7
vufrt&G,f widescreen TFT LCD screen av;\ t&nf
taoG;rSmvnf; txl;aumif;rGefvSonf/ iPod, iPod mini ESifh
iPod Nano wdYk twGuf docking station ozG,t
f oH;k jyKEkid o
f nf/
odkYtwGuf USB port ESifh card reader (SD /MMC/ MS) wdkYrS
rmwDrD'D,mrsm;udk Munfh½I em;qif cHpm;EkdifouJhodkY iPod rsm;rS
rmwDrD'D,mrsm;udkvnf; cHpm;cGifh&SdoGm;aponf/ wyfqifyg&Sdvm
aom pyDumrsm;rSmvnf; Hi-fi stereo t&nftaoG;jzifh xkwaf y;
onf/ tu,fí MP3 player odkYr[kwf AV devices rsm;jzifh
qufo,
G f Munf½h I em;qifvv
kd Qifvnf; tqifoifh toH;k csEkid &f ef
yHyh ;kd aqmif&u
G af y;xm;onf/ File format rsm;twGuf JPEG, MP3
ESifh MPEG-4 (*AVI) wdkYudk cGifhjyKxm;onf/ udk,fxnfrSm qef;
opfaom armfvf',fjzpfojzifh jrif½Hkjzifh pGJrufoGm;apaom 'DZkdif;
jzpfonf/ option taejzifh 'pf*spw
f ,f odYk r[kwf tifemavmhcw
f Ykd
twGuf Hybrid TV tuner udk wGJzuftoHk;jyKEkdifygao;onf/
«tvd&k ydS gu 36 vrf;&Sd Smart Computer ta&mif;qkid w
f iG f 0,f,l
&&SdEkdifygonf/»

48

uGefysLwm*sme,f

NEW PRODUCTS IN YANGON
Toshiba Satellite M 200- E413
Toshiba Satellite pD;&D;0if notebook uGefysLwmrsm;teuf
ta&mif;oGufqHk;ESifh vlMudKuftrsm;qHk; notebook trsKd;tpm;
jzpfonf/ 1.8 GHz Intel Core 2 Duo processor udk oH;k xm;um
512 MB DDR2 SDRAM ES i f h Intel Graphics Media
Accelerator x 3100 (356 MB shared VRAM) wdkYudk wGJzuf
wyfqifay;xm;onf/ odkrSD;pepftwGuf 120 GB SATA HDD
udk toHk;jyKxm;onf/ Optical drive taejzifh Super Multi
Drive (DVD + RW/ RAM) yg&Sdonf/ yHkazmfrsufESmjyiftjzpf
14 'or 1 vufrt&G,f WXGA TFT display udk oHk;xm;
onf/ xdYktjyif built-in 1.3 Mega pixels Webcam av;udv
k nf;
abmifay:wGif wyfqifyg&Sdvmygao;onf/ vHkjcHKrIpepftwGuf
Finger print security Suite jzifh tm;jznfhay;xm;onf/ tav;
csdefrSm 2 'or 2 uDvdkomav;jcif;aMumifh o,f,loGm;vm&ef
vG,fulaom taetxm;&Sdonf/ Bluetooth V 2.0 pepfESifh 5in-1 card reader udkvnf; toifh csdwfquf wyfqifyg&Sdvm
rnfjzpfonf/ Satellite M-200 -E 413 notebook 0,f,lol
rsm;twGuf G.Pen 340 tablet av;wpfck vufaqmifxnfhay;yg
vdrrhf nf/ «tvd&k ySd gu odrjf zLvrf;&Sd Lucky Bird ta&mif;qkid w
f iG f
&&SdEkdifygonf/»

Logitech Cordless 2.4 GHz Presenter
vkyfief;vkyfukdifolwdkYtwGuf wifjyrIrsm; jyKvkyf&mwGif
toHk;csEkdifrnfh device av;jzpfonf/ tjrefEIef; 2.4 GHz &Sd
ojzifh oGufvufpGm vkyfaqmifay;Ekdifygonf/ wifjycsufrsm;
twGuf a&SUjyefaemufjyef jyKvkyfjcif;? slideshow zGifhvSpfjcif;?
toHtwGuf tavsmhtwif; xdef;csKyfay;jcif;? laser pointer
udk toHk;csjcif;ponfh intuitive control rsm; yg0ifonf/ MudK;rJh
pepfjzifh wifjyEkdifjcif;aMumifh wifjyajymqdkolrsm;twGuf tqif
ajyvSonf/ bufx&DrSmvnf; wpfMudrftm;oGif;vQif 12 em&D
MumrQ toHk;jyKEkdifonfhtjyif bufx&Dyg0gtajcjy indicator
vnf; wyfqif yg&Sdvmygonf/ rnfonfh yDpDtpm;wGifrqdk
oD;jcm; aqmhz0f x
J nfo
h iG ;f &ef rvdak wmhbJ plug and play pepfjzifh
toifhtoHk;csEkdifapygonf/ «tvdk&Sdygu odrfjzLvrf;&Sd Lucky
Bird ta&mif;qkdifwGif &&SdEkdifygonf/»

50

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

Zefe0g&D? 2008

51

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

NEWS: ANALYSIS

tjcm;½Hk;oHk;aqmhzf0Jrsm;ESifhywfoufí odxm;oihfaom
taMumif;t&m-10 rsKd;
10 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT OFFICE ALTERNATIVES
½H;k vkyif ef;rsm;ESihf ywfoufí uGeyf sLwm toH;k jyKol trsm;pkonf Microsoft Office udk vufqx
JG m; toH;k jyKvsuf &Sad eMuonf/
od&Yk mwGif Microsoft Office udk vuf&dS toH;k jyKae&mrS tjcm; pifjyKd if ay:xu
G v
f mvsuf &So
d nfh office application wpfcck u
k kd
ajymif;vJ toH;k jyK&ef taMumif;jycsurf sm;vnf; &Sad ejyefygonf/ xdo
k aYkd om pdwu
f ;l ay:vmolrsm; taejzihf ajymif;vJjcif; twGuf
&v'faumif;rsm; jzpfvmap&ef substantial preparation [lonfh pdpYk Ykd ydyYk Ykd MuKd wif jyifqifrrI sm; vdt
k yfaeygvrd rfh nf/

1/ pdwMf uKd uf a&G;cs,jf cif;
,Hkaomf&Sd r,Hkaomf&Sd Microsoft
Office rS tjcm; office productivity
suite wpfckodkY ajymif;vJoHk;&ef pOf;pm;
vmcJv
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tajrmuftjrm; &SdaejyD; jzpfonf/ Star
Office 8, Open Office org, Think
Free Office, Corel Word Perfect
Office X3, NeoOffice, Google Docs
and Spreadsheets ESifh Apple iWork

wdkYonf toHk;csEdkifrnfh tcGihftvrf;
wpfyHkwpfyifjzifh &SdaeMuonf/

2/ aiGaMu;wGucf sujf cif;
Office Professional 2007

52

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uGefysLwm*sme,f

0,f,l toHk;jyKrIrsm;
pwifaeMujyD jzpfonfh
tavsmuf tptqHk;
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a':vm 500 0ef;usif&SdjyD; upgrade
vkyfrnfqdkygu 330 a':vmcefY ukef
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aom office application wpfckckudk
0,f,l toHk;cscJhvQif aiGaMu;yrmP
rsm;pGm uGmjcm; oufomoGm;apEdkif
onf/ Star Office 8 onf a':vm 70
jzifhvnf;aumif;? Corel WordPerfect
Office X3 Professional Edition onf
370 a':vmjzifhvnf;aumif; iWork
onf 79 a':vmjzifhvnf;aumif; aps;

EIef;rsm; csdwfqJGxm;vsuf &SdMuonf/

3/ rSwfwrf;rSwf&m ajymif;jcif;twGuf
OD;aESmufpm;jcif;
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f efvrT ;f rd;k ae
jcif;\ taMumif;&if;wpfcsurf mS wjcm;
office solution wpfckqDodkY ajymif;ul;
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vufcwfrvGJ &SdvmEdkifapjcif;yif jzpf
onf/ wdwdusus vkyfaqmifí file
ta&twGuf rnfrQjzpfap udkifwG,f
ajz&Sif;Edkifa&;twGuf jyifqif&ayawmh
rnf/ txl;ojzihf presentation application rsm;tMum;wGif ajymif;vJ
zefw;D a&;twGuf tcuftcJ &SEd ikd o
f nf/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
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Microsoft \ e-mail client jzpf
onfh Outlook onfvnf; ½Hk;oHk;udpö
aqmif&GufrIwGif tMuD;tus,f pdk;rdk;
ae&m,lxm;jyD; jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif
¤if;twGuf tpm;xdk; toHk;csEdkifrnfh
suite rsm; &SdaeMuonf/ Corel Word
Perfect Office X3 onfvnf; email
client wpfckudk ay;xm;cJhonf/ tjcm;
suites rsm;taejzifhvnf; oD;jcm; email client wpfcc
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EdkifMurnf jzpfonf/

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suite wpfcktaejzifh zefwD;xm;jcif;
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Microsoft

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jzpfaom Track Changes onf tjcm;
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Think-Free Office qdy
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Zefe0g&?D 2008

53

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-OD;atmifausmrf ;kd (Client-Focus)
-OD;ode;f xGe;f OD; (Compu-tech)
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Zefe0g&?D 2008

57

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Born : 22.8.1987
e-mail : vox @ technomation.org

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wpfcktjzpfESifh aps;uGuf0ifcJhonf/

Zefe0g&?D 2008

81

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83

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1994

1995

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84

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1996

1997

1998

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onf uGefysLwm y½kd*&rfrif;
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1999

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Zefe0g&?D 2008

85

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
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2000

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2001

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D
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Guide' onf ,aeYacwftxd

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86

2002
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2003
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usif;yaom National ICT
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2004

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2005

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2006

2007

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Java

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Zefe0g&?D 2008

87

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
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Basic Level

Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 (775)
celeron 2.66 GHz
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 40 GB SATA
Monitor - 15" Samsung
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & mouse

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 (775) Dual
Core 3.0 GHz
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 160 GB SATA
Monitor - 15" Samsung
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 Keyboard & Mouse

366900 usyf

523000 usyf

Processor - Intel Pentium 4
(775) Core 2 Duo 2.0 GHz
Memory - 1 GB DDR 2
HDD - 160 GB
Monitor - 15" Samsung
Gigabyte P35 - D53 PCI Express128 MB
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & Optical mouse

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12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
YANGON DESKTOP MARKET
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LuckyBird

732000 usyf

KMD
Basic Level

Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel celeron 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - GME pentium 4
Memory - 256 MB DDR RAM
HDD - 80 GB Hitachi
Monitor - 15" Voiew Sonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & optical mouse

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - GIGA VM 900 M DDR2
Pentium 4
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2 RAM
HDD - 80 GB Hitachi
Monitor - 15" ViewSonic
P4 ATX Medium Tower Casing
PS2 Keyboard & optical Mouse

Processor - Intel Core 2 Duo 2.33 GHz
Motherboard - Asus KPL - UM DDR2
Pentium 4
Memory - 2 x 512 MB DDR 2 RAM
HDD - 160 GB Hitachi
Monitor - 17" LG
P4 Light High Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & Optical mouse

460000 usyf

707000 usyf

429000 usyf

90

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Basic Level

Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel P4 celeron 3.2 GHz
Motherboard - MSI M 900 M2-L
Memory - 512 MB DDR RAM
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & optical mouse

Processor - Intel P4 Pentium 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI PT 890 Neo-v
Display Card - MSI NX 7300 TD 512/
128 M PCI Express
Memory - 512 DDR 2 RAM
HDD - 160 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT P4 ATX
Tower Casing, PS2 Keyboard
& optical Mouse 518000 usyf

Processor - Intel P4 Pentium Dual Core
3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI Intel 945 P Neo 5-F
Display Card - MSI NX 8400 GSTD 256
PCI Express, Memory - 2 x 512 MB DDR
2 RAM HDD - 160 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT, P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & Optical mouse

Basic Level

Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel celeron 2.66 GHz
Motherboard - Asus P5 s MX-SE
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT View Sonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & mouse
Optical - Asus DVD Rom

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 3.2 GHz
Motherboard - MSI 945 GCM5 Fv2
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT ViewSonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 Keyboard & Mouse
Optical - Asus DVD Rom

Processor - Intel Dual Core 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - Asus P5 LD2- x
Memory - 1 GB DDR 2
HDD - 160 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" LCD View Sonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & mouse
Optical - Asus DVD Rom

490000 usyf

550000 usyf

842800 usyf

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uGefysLwm toHk;jyKwJholawG ododom

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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012
Smart Computer

409000 usyf

600000 usyf

Fidonet

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Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel celeron 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - Asus P5 v2-MXSE
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT Samsung
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & mouse
Optical - Sony CD writer

Processor - Intel Classic 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI Psv2 Neo
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT Samsung
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 Keyboard & optical Mouse
Optical - Asus DVD writer
DisplayCard - 128 MB PCI Express

Processor - Intel Dual Core 2 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI PS1 Neo
Memory - 1 GB DDR 2
HDD - 320 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 19" LCD Samsung
TAC High Grade Casing
PS2 keyboard & Optical mouse
Optical - Asus DVD writer
Display Card - 256 MB PCI Express

Basic Level

Classic Level

Innovator Level

Processor - Intel celeron 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI 945 GC
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT LG/ViewSonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & optical mouse

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - Lemel 945 p
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HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT LG/View Sonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 Keyboard & optical Mouse

Processor - Intel Dual 2 Core 2.66 GHz
Motherboard - MSI 945 GC
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT LG/View Sonic
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & Optical mouse

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T-Land

92

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Lin Thuzar
Basic Level

Classic Level

Processor - Intel Celeron 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI M900 M2LMIB
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 15" CRT Samsung
P4 ATX Tower Casing
PS2 keyboard & mouse
Optical - Lite on CD writer

Processor - Intel Dual Core 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - MSI 945 GC M5F
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT Samsung, P4 ATX
Tower Casing PS2 Keyboard & Mouse
Optical - Asus DVD writer
Speaker - A4 Tech

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Asia Tech
Basic Level

Classic Level

Processor - Intel Pentium 4 3.0 GHz
Motherboard - Asus P5 GC MX
Memory - 512 MB DDR 2
HDD - 80 GB SATA Seagate
Monitor - 17" CRT Samsung
P4 Mindi ATX Casing,
PS2 keyboard & mouse
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Processor - Intel Pentium 4 3.2 GHz
Motherboard - Intel DG965 R4
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Zefe0g&?D 2008

93

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12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234
12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234

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awG pkjyD;oHk;rSmvm;/ Network csdwf
qufjyD; oHk;rSmvm; qdkwmawG ygvm
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wcsKdUaom Game awG[m Network
Game awGqdkawmh NIC Card ygrS
Installation vkyfvdkY&wmawG awGY&yg
vdrfhr,f/ 'gawGuawmh tMurf;zsif;
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wcsKdUaom qdkifawGu ups roHk;vQif
warranty wpfESpf ray;bl;/ ay;cJhvQif
vnf; Hard disk, RAM, Motherboard awGawmh warranty xJ rygbl;/
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Zefe0g&?D 2008

95

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bJ ysufcJh&if warranty ay;r,f? ray;
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utp uGJjym;jcm;em;rIawG &Sdygw,f/
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qdk;ygw,f/ DIMM slot awGrSm xnfh
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udk t&if0ifvmwmawGu DIMM slot
awGrSm wyf&w,f/ 168 pin EDO
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rSm wyf&wkdif; SDRAM r[kwfbl;/
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w,fqjkd yD;&Scd yhJ gw,f/ 'gaMumifh Brand
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f ;kH
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application awGudk oHk;csifwmvJ/
(Oyrm- MsWord, Excel, power

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
point, Pagemaker, CollDraw, AutoCAD, Visuel C, Java, Photoshop.)
(2) rdrdoHk;r,fh application awG? y½dk
*&rfawGu b,fvkd operating system

awGrSm oHk;vdkY&ovJ/
(Oyrm- Window 95,98, 98SE,
98ME, Windows NT4, Windows
zoom, Window XP, network oHk;yg
u server rSm oH;k r,fh network operating system (NOS) - Windows NTS
server windows server 2003, Linux
server, Netware server 5.0
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local rS create vkyfxm;wJh y½dk*&rf
awG[m rdrdwdkY a&G;cs,fvkdufwJh OS
awG? NOS awGrSm aumif;rGefpGm Run

vkyfEkdifygovm;/ jyKjyif&wm vG,ful
ovm;/ ysufcJh&if b,fvdk maintain
vkyfEkdifovJqdkwJh tcsufawGudk xyf
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awGrSm EkdifiHjcm; tzGJYtpnf;awGeJY joint
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f m;wmawG awGY&r,f/
wcsKdUy½dk*&rfawG[m OS yg vdkif
pifeJYrS Run vkyfygw,f/ wcsKdUusawmh
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w,f/ wcsKdUusawmh 2 ckpvH;k vdt
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w,f/
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awmh [mh'f0Jtykdif;udk wnfaqmuf&yg
r,f/ 'Dae&mrSm [mh'f0JtwGuf vdktyf
csufu rdrdwdkYoHk;r,fh OS awG? NOS
awG? application awG[m toHk;jyKwJh
ay: rlwnfjyD; Hardware requirement vdt
k yfcsufawG uGjJ ym;jcm;em;wm
awGU&ygr,f/ wcsKdUwdkY Memory rsm;
rsm;vdktyfw,f/ wcsKdUqdk Processor,

Powerful jzpf z d k Y v d k w ,f / wcsKd U qd k
diskspace twGuf [mh''
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w,f/ wcsKdUqdk Backup twGuf

[mh''f pfawGukd wpfv;kH xufru vdt
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VGA Card monitor aumif;aumif;
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qdk awmfao;wmu 'gav;awmh xyf
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jyefvnfwnfaqmuf&r,fqdk&if aiG
ukef? tcsdefukefeJY wjcm;aom rvdkvm;
tyfwJh udpaö wGyg jzpfEkdifygw,f/
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b,fvkd jyKjyifxed ;f odr;f &rvJqw
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w,f/ Warranty ay;zdkY vdktyfygu
warranty awGyg ay;&ygr,f/ oHk;pGJol
bufu rdrdykdifypönf;udk jyKjyifxdef;
odr;f zdYk odem;vnf&ygr,f/ wcsKUd ypön;f
awG[m olY&JUoufwrf;awG &Sdygw,f/
aumif;aewmyJ bmrSvkyfp&mrvkdbl;
qdkwm r&Sdygbl;/ Oyrm - ups qdk&if
Backup time &aejyD;a&mqdkjyD; ypf
xm;vdkYr&ygbl;/ ol&JU Battery ouf
wrf;u 1 ESpf cGJavmuf &Sdygw,f/ wpf
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bJ/ ups xJrSm&SdwJh Relay awG? ups
u rEkdif0efxrf;&wJhtwGuf system
units awGxJu Power supply awGyg
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aqmhzf0Jqdk&ifvnf; OS awG? y½dk
*&rfawGudk maintain vkyfoifhygw,f/
wpfywfwpfcg defrag vkyfwmwdkY?
scan disk Run wmwdkY? data files
awGudk pepfwus jyefodrf;wmwdkYudk
vkyfoifhygw,f/ wcsKdUaom y½dk*&rf
awGrSm patch awG? packs awG vdktyf
&if wifay;&ygw,f/ wcsKdU application awGqdk&if oufqkdif&m patch awG
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Knowlege awG wk;d wufvmrSm r[kwf
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f ed ;f (Compu-Tech)

Zefe0g&?D 2008

97

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f a&G;cs,rf I

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Zefe0g&?D 2008 98-u
97

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

IT PERSON

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GADGET

iPhone

w,fvDzkef;wpfvHk;udk oHk;pGJol vG,ful
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Zefe0g&?D 2008 101

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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102

uGefysLwm*sme,f

LASER PRINTER

Canon Laser Jet Printer

uGefysLwm*sme,frSma&m wjcm; vkyfief;
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brand awGxuf omwJhtcsuf jzpfygw,f/
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2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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INKJET PRINTER

Epson Styles C-90

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wdkifu C-90 twGuf standard ink catridge
awG xkwfvkyfay;ovdk low cost ink catridge
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Zefe0g&?D 2008 103

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

SCANNER

HP-Scanjet 2400

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toHk;jyKol tcsif;csif; scanner 0,f,lzdkY tMuH

104

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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MONITOR

View Sonic

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2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

View Sonic armfew
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View Sonic udk ok;H wJt
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NOTEBOOK

iMac Power book

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tajccHynmausmif;awGrmS LC 630 ac:wJh yef;oD;
uGefysLwmawGukd okH;Mu&wmupjyD; vlwdkif;

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Zefe0g&?D 2008 105

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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UPS

Power Tree

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106

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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ay:rSm taumif;qHk;xJuwpfckjzpfwJh APC udk
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emrnfMuD; brand awGvnf; &Ekdifw,f/ uRef
awmfwdkYawGrSm UPS aumif;aumif;wpfck a&G;
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2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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wJhtcgrSm 'pf*spfw,fuifr&ma&G;wJh ae&mrSm
awmh bufvkdufrIawG &Sdygw,f/ wjcm; brand
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rsufpdrSdwfa&G;cJhwmuawmh Casio barnd yJ jzpf
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DIGITAL CAMERA

Casio Exilim Ex-Z 1050

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Zefe0g&?D 2008 107

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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Casio brand jzpfaewmuawmh pdwfraumif;
bl;ayghAsm/
NETWORK ACCESSORIES

AMP

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csif;ayr,fh wpfv;kH u ESpv
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108

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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network twGuf pOf;pm;zdkY cufaerSmyg/
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Patch, Panel, Face Plate, Rack, Switch, Fiber
cable pwJh trnfawG trsm;MuD; jzpfygw,f/
wpfcu
k aH umif;wmu 'Dvkd network qifzYkd vw
kd hJ

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2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

MOTHER BOARD

MSI

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Myanmar computer market

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CD Sale

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Repair

Monitor City

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NTERNET CAFE

Three Seasons

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2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

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TRAINING

KMD Eduction Services

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Training

Star Graphic Design

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oifwef;rsm;pGm &SdaewJhMum;xJu 2007 ckESpf

Zefe0g&?D 2008 119

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,f\ a&G;cs,rf I

twGuf uGefysLwm*sme,f&JYa&G;cs,frIuawmh
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120

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGefysLwm*sme,f
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vdkygonf/

2007 Special

2007 ckEpS f uGeyf sLwm*sme,ftMuKd u f *dr;f rsm;
CRYSIS
PC *drf;awG&JU visual tjrifykdif;rSm pHcsdef tqifhtwef;opf wifay;xm;w,f/
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BIOSHOCK

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xm;ygao;w,f/

COMMAND &
CONQUER 3: TIBERIUM
WARS
GDI eJ Y Brotherhood of
Nod wdYk &UJ rqk;H Eki
d af om wku
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tjydKiftqkdif jyif;xefoGufvufwJh multiplayer ykdif;u
ydkrufp&m aumif;w,f/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 121

ENEMY TERRITORY: QUAKE WARS
FPS wdkY&JU bdk;atMuD;
Quake pD;&D;&JU

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pdkufvmaom sequel jzpfygw,f/

S.T.A.L.K.E.R : SHADOW OF CHERNOBYL

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122

uGefysLwm*sme,f

THE ORANGE BOX
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engine oHk;xm;wJh tysHpm;*drf;opfoHk;ck aygif;pyf
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Team Fortress 2

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SUPREME
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WORLD IN CONFLICT

THE WITCHER

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AsL[mudkom
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Alternative- history

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GEARS OF WAR
Xbox 360 &JU

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PS3: ASSASSIN'S CREED

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acsmarGUwJh control
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PS3 *drf;jzpfaevdkY
rupm;&rSm awG;rylygeJY/
aemufESpfxJrSm PC
version xGufrSmyg/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 123

WII: SUPER MARIO GALAXY
Nintendo &JU family NES *drf;pufav;ay:u

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3D jzpfvmjyD;
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124

uGefysLwm*sme,f

PS2: GOD OF WAR 2

a&S;a[mif;
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action adventure

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FROM THE PUBLISHER

pmzwfolodkY
2008 ckESpfZefe0g&DvxkwftwGuf uGefysLwm*sme,fwGif azmfjyrnfh taMumif;t&mrsm;udk
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cHpm;rIpmpk

vHk;aewJh urÇmMuD;&JU wpfae&mqD
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owif;eJY enf;ynmoHk;jyD;
wpfurÇmvHk; tkef;tkef;uRufuRufudk jzpfvdkY/
odvkd&m &SmazGvdkY rqHk;Ekdifatmif
toHk;csp&m enf;ynmbPfwkdufMuD; ICT rSm
Online ay:wuf
tifwmeufxJ0if
vdkcsifwJh website awGa&G;
tD;ar;vfydkY? chatting xdkif
0goemwlolcsif;
forum rSm qufoG,fEkdifowJh/
rQa0cHpm; blog ay:rSm pum;qdk
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wpfae&mrSm wpfpHkwpf&mjzpf
wpfurÇmvHk;rSmygjzpf
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jym;vmjyDvm;qdkwm ,Hkcsifcsif/
raEG

Zefe0g&?D 2008 145

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
1991 Mo*kwf

Sixteen
years
of
Internet

Tim Berners Lee onf tzGJU0ifrsm;twGif; owif;rsm; zvS,fEkdifaom
newsgroup wpfckwGif 'hyper text' project ukd pwif azmfxkwfchJonf/
xkd project onf urÇmwpf0ef;&Sd rnfonhfae&mrSrqkd urÇmol? urÇmom;
wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD; 'link' awGudk vufcHEkdifrnfh qHk;jzwfcsufESifh &nf&G,fcsufudk
t"duxm; vkyfukdif aqmif&Gufonf/ Tim Berners Lee \ xkd project

rpwifrD tcsdefumv ueOD; tapmykdif;ESpfrsm;wGif uGJjym;jcm;em;aom
documents rsm;Mum;wGif link rsm; csdwfqufoG,fEkdifaom method wpfck
&SdaechJonf/ Tim Berners Lee onf tqkdyg yHkaoenf;udk ykdrkdaumif;rGef
atmif pOf;pm; wDxGifchJjyD;onhf aemufwGif rsm;pGmaom vlrsKd;rsm;okdY tcrhJ
jzefYcsdchJonf/

1991 'DZifbm
Tim Berner Lee onf 'Cern' "mwfcGJcef; ykdif&Sifjzpfaom odyÜHynm&Sif Paul
Kunz ESifh awGUqHkjyD; tem*wf vkyi
f ef;pOfrsm; taMumif;udk wGef;tm;ay;
pnf;½Hk;chJonf/ odyÜHynm&Sif Paul Kunz onf Tim Berners Lee udk
tjynfht0 ,HkMunfchJjyD; ol\ Geneva tajcpdkuf 'Cern Labs' rSwpfqifh
Web server udk pwifjyKvkyf&ef oabmwlchJonf/ xkd Cern Labs onfyif
urÇmhyxrqHk; Web server jzpfvmchJjyD; Web pmrsufESmrsm;udk pkaqmif;

jcif;ESifh tjcm; uGefysLwmrsm;okdY jyefvnfjzefYa0jcif;wkdYudk pwifjyKvkyf
chJonf/ aemiftcgwGif 'The Slac server' [k vlodrsm;chJonf/

1992
pmrsufESmrsm;udk vufcHjcif;?
jyefvnfjzefYa0jcif;wkdYudk
jyKvkyfaqmif&Gufaom
server aygif; 26 cktxd
wkd;yGm;vmchJonf/
Web

1993 {jyD
urÇmhyxrqHk; tifwmeufMunhf
aqmhzf0Judk xkwfvkyfjzefYcsdchJonf/
xkdaqmhzf0Judk 'web browser' [k
trSwfonm jyKchJjyD; 'Mosaic'
trnf&Sdonf/ Mosaic udk
tar&duef tajcpkduf 'National
center' rS wDxGif jzefYcsdchJjcif;
jzpfjyD; yxrOD;qHk;tMudrf
urÇmol? urÇmom;wkdYonf
vGwfvyfjcif;tjynfht0jzifh
tifwmeufudk pwifMunhf½IcGifh
&&SdchJonf/

146

uGefysLwm*sme,f

1993 {jyD
Tim Berners Lee ESihf

yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufaeaom 'Cern'
onf World Wide Web udk
rnfolrqdk vGwfvyfpGm
toHk;jyKEkdif&ef zdwfac:chJonf/
wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif Tim Berners
Lee onf Program code ESifh
uGef&uf enf;ynmrsm;udk tcrhJ
jzefYa0chJonf/ xkdenf;ynm
jzefYcsdrIaMumifh uGef&ufonf
tvsiftjref MuD;xGm;vmchJonf/

1993 ar
rufqmcsL;quf enf;ynm
aumvdyfonf online ay:wGif
ausmif;om;rsm;ESifh awGUqHkrIudk
yxrOD;pGm ynma&;Xmewpfck
taejzifh pDpOfchJonf/
1993 ZGef
uGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm;udk a&;om;&mü
toHk;jyK&ef 'HTML' bmompum;ukd
]pH} taetxm;jzifh pwif
owfrSwfchJonf/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

1993 Edk0ifbm
aumfzDu&m;tkd;wpfcktwGif;rS aumfzD&nfrsm; usKdcsufaeyHkudk
½dkuful;chJaom yxrqHk; webcam udk pwif aMumfjim
vTifhxkwfchJonf/ udef;b&pfwuúodkvf\ uGefysLwmodyÜH
ausmif;om; tkyfpkwpfpkrSaeí pwifprf;oyfchJaom Web
camera tm; wpfa,mufESifhwpfa,muf rsufjrifawGUapEkdif&ef
½kduful;vTifhwifay;Ekdifaom uGef&ufuifr&m Web camera
rsm;pGmwkdY\ tpOD;wDxGifrIwpfck jzpfchJonf/

1994 azazmf0g&D

1994 {jyD

pwef;zkdY'f aumvdyfausmif;om; ESpfa,mufjzpfaom 'David Filo' ESifh 'Jerry
Yang' wkdYonf uGef&uftwGuf Jerry \ vrf;nTefqkdaom Web site wpfckudk
wnfaxmifchJonf/ ueOD;umv "Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web"
qkdaom trnfudk aemufykdif;wGif 'Yahoo' [lí ajymif;vJchJjyD; "!" ukd
vkd*dktjzpf pHxm;owfrSwfchJonf/ Yahoo [laom trnfonf a&S;acwf
vlom;wkdY\ 0rf;omtm;& [pfa<u;oHwpfck jzpfouhJokdY 'Yet Another
Hierarchical Officious Oracle' \ twkdaumufpmvHk;vnf; jzpfavonf/
,cktcgwGif Jerry \ Web vrf;nTef Yahoo onf toHk;jyKolwkdY
0rf;omtm;& Munhf½IMuaom Web pmrsufESmwpfck jzpfaechJavjyD/

BBC owif;Xmeonf

uGef&ufay:rSwpfqifh wDADG
tpDtpOfrsm;udk Munhf½IEkdifrnfh Web
site udk pwif xkwfvTifhchJonf/

1994 atmufwkdbmv

1995 azazmf0g&D

tar&duefor®w uvifwefonf
zuf'&,ftpkd;&\ uGef&uf
pmrsufESmjzpfaom 'www.
whitehouse.gov' ukd uGef&uf
ay:okdY wifykdYrIukd cGifhjyKchJonf/

a[mifaumiftajcpkduf a&'D,dkvdkif;ukrÜPD 'Radio HK' onf/
yxrqHk;tjzpf ESpfq,hfav;em&D 0efaqmifrIudk uGef&uffay:wGif
pwifchJonf/

Netscape udk

1995 Zlvdkif

xkwfvTifhchJonf/

'Jetf Bezos' onf

yxrqHk;tMudrftjzpf Web page \
banner (acgif;pD;) rsm; ae&mwGif
aMumfjimpmom;rsm;
xnhfoGif;zkdY MudK;pm;vmchJMuonf/

tifwmeufrSaeí urÇmtESHYtjym;ae&mrsm;okdY ]r*¾Zif;?
0w¬Kpmtkyfrsm;} a&mif;cs&ef pdwful;chJonf/ ,cktcsdefwGif urÇmh
tckdifrmqHk;ESifh tMuD;rm;qHk;jzpfaom 'Amazon' pmtkyfpwkd;qkdifudk
uGef&ufrSwpfqifh 0,f,l&&SdaeEkdifjyD jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd xdwfxdwfMuJ
ta&mif;XmeMuD;rsm;xJü 'Amazon' onf uGef&ufpmrsufESmudk tjynhft0
toHk;csí pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;udk pwifyHkazmfchJonf[k qkdEkdifonf/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 147

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
1995 Mo*kwf
uGef&ufay:wGif 0ufbfqkdufaygif; ]18957 }cefYxd &SdvmchJonf/
pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef; ukrP
Ü rD sm;onf tifwmeufokdY tpkvdkuftjyHKvkduf wHcg;
acgufvmchJMuonf/ uGef&ufpmrsufESmudk toHk;jyKjyD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
rsm;udk wkd;csJUEkdifjcif;? aMumfjimEkdifjcif;ESifh tjcm;tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udk rsufpdyGifh
oGm;Muonfh vkyfief;&SifwkdYaMumifh vef'efpawmh&S,f,m aps;uGufwGif
pawmhaygufaps;rsm; tqrwef wkd;jr§ifha&mif;0,fvmchJMuonf/ (Web
browser ukd xkwfvkyf jzefYcsdchJaom 'Netscape' ukrÜPD\ &S,f,maps;EIef;
rsm;onf rMuHKpzl;avmufatmif wk;d jrifo
h mG ;cho
J nf/) xkt
d jcif;t&mudk ]]dot
com (.com) aygufuGJrI}} [k wifpm;chJMuonf/

rkdufu½kdaqmhzfukrÜPD\ Windows
95 version pwif jzefYcsdchJonf/
xkdtxJwGif tifwmeuf Munhf½IEkdif
aom 'Internet Explorer' udk tcrhJ
xnhfoGif;ay;chJonf/

1996 Zlvdkif
tar&duefjynfaxmifpk\
vGwfvyfa&;aeY July-4 wGif hotmail
trnf&Sd web-based email pwif
xGufay:vmchJonf/
1996 Mo*kwf
1995 pufwifbm
ebay ukd

pwif wnfaxmifchJonf/

uGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm; oHk;odef;cGJausmf
wkd;yGm;vmchJonf/

1997 rwf

1998 rwf

BBC onf

Amazon rS

yxrqHk;tMudrftjzpf uGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm;xJrS taumif;qHk;
pmrsufESmrsm;udk a&G;cs,fjyD; trsm;jynfolokdY aMumfjimchJonf/
1997 ZGef
business.com onf domain trnfaygif;

wpfodef;cGJausmfudk

a&mif;csEkdifchJonf/

1997 'DZifbm
Jorn Barger onf

uGef&ufpmrsufESmrsm;ay:wGif xyfqifhí
owif;tESpfcsKyfudk xyfrHxnhfoGif;Ekdifaom pepfwpfrsKd;udk 'weblog' [k
pwif oHk;pGJchJonf/ (aemufykdif;wGif xkdpum;vHk;rSwpfqifh 'blog' [lí
toGiful;ajymif;vmchJ\/)

148

uGefysLwm*sme,f

rwnfaiG oef; 60
tygt0if oef; 280 ausmf
jr§KyfESHxm;chJaom Kozmo
ukrÜPDonf tcrhJ
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIwpfckudk pwifchJonf/
wnfaxmifol Joseph Park ESifh
Young kang wkdYonf rsm;pGmaom
tuJjzwf ynm&Sifrsm;\pum;udk
vspfvsL½Ií tcrhJ0efaqmifrIpepfudk
pwifchJonf/ (2001 ckESpf
{jyDvta&mufwGif Kozmo \
0efaqmifrIrsm;onf Akef;Akef;vJ
½HI;edrfhoGm;chJ&onf/)

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
1998 atmufwdkbm
1998puf w if b m
*kPfxl;wef; ausmif;om;ESpfa,mufjzpfaom Harry page ESifh Sergey
Brin wkdY\ Project i,fuav;wpfckonf pwef;zkdY'faumvdyf
wpf0kdufwGif pwifxif&Sm;vmchJonf/ 1997 ckESpf ESpftv,fykdif;
twGif;u pwifchJaom tqkdyg project \ rlvtrnfrSm
'Google.stanford.edu' jzpfchJonf/ (rlv google \ trnfonf
'googol' qkad om pum;udk pmvHk;aygif; rSm;chJjcif;jzpfjyD;
ocsmFwefzkd;t& 'googol' onf 10100 ESifh nDrQonf/

1999 rwf
uGef&ufrSwpfqifh upm;ol
trsm;tjym;eJY vufcHupm;Ekdifaom
Ever-quest *drf;udk
pwifjzefYcsdchJonf/

yxrqHk; blog tzGJUtpnf;jzpfaom
'open diary' xGufay:vmchJonf/

1999 rwf
abmhpwGejf rdKU wuúov
kd fausmif;om; Shawn Fanning onf Napster udk
pwif wnfaxmifchJonf/ rlvyxr &nf&G,fcsufrSm wuúokdvfwGif;
uGef&ufrSwpfqifh olESifh oli,fcsif;rsm;\ oDcsif;rsm; tjyeftvSef
ydkYaqmifzvS,fjcif;ESifh tjcm;olrsm;\ oDcsif;rsm;udk zGifhvSpfem;qifzkdYom
&nf&G,fchJaomfvnf; Napster onf urÇmoHk; uGef&ufay:okdY program
wpfcktaejzifh 0ifa&mufvmaomtcg aw;oHoGif;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\
rlykdifcGifhOya't& Naspter onf w&m;pGJqdkcH&jyD; ydwfypfchJ&onf/
(2001 ZlvkdifwGif Oya'abmiftwGif;rS 0efaqmifrIay;aom ukrÜPD
wpfcktaejzifh jyefvnf xGufay:vmchJonf/)

1999 Mo*kwf
vlrIuGef&uf pmrsufESm wpfckjzpfaom Myspace udk
'Tom Anderson' pwif wnfaxmifchJonf/ rlvwGif
tcrhJ okdavSmifae&mESifh zkdifjzefYa0rIrsm;
jyKvkyfchJaomfvnf; aemufykdif;wGif vlrIuGef&ufbufokdY
ul;ajymif;vmchJonf/ wnfaxmifol Tom Anderson
onf y½kd*&rfrmaygif; ajrmufjrm;pGmxJrS
ti,fpm;tqifh ynm&Sifav;om jzpfaomfvnf;
q,fESpftwGif; toHk;jyKol oef; 700 ausmf
&&SdchJonftxd Myspace atmifjrifchJonf/
("mwfyHk? *Dw? AD'D,kd? chat rsm;pGmaom
0efaqmifrIrsm; yg0ifonhf Myspace ukd 2005
ckESpfwGif rD'D,molaX;MuD;
½l;ywfrm;a'ghrS oef; 580 jzifh 0,f,lchJonf/)

1999 Edk0ifbm
zuf&Sif t0wftxnfrsm;udk 0efaqmifrIay;aom
'boo.com' ay:xGufvmchJonf/ 3D graphic ESifh

jrifhrm;aom yHkxGuft&nftaoG;rsm;udk oHk;pGJxm;onhf
'boo' onf uGef&uftjrefEIef;
rjrifhrm;ao;aom tcsdefwGif
usqHk;cef;okdY
ajcvSrf;chJ&onf/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 149

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
2000 Zefe0g&D

2000 Mo*kwf

AOL onf Time Warner udk

uGe&f ufpmrsuEf mS aygif; oef; 20 txd
&SdvmchJonf/

0,f,lchJjyD; uGef&ufwGif
rD'D,mMuD;pkd;rItwGuf
ajcvSrf;jyifqifchJonf/
2000 azazmf0g&D
&S,f,maps;uGuf rcdkifrmrIaMumifh
a'ghuGrf;ylazmif;
aygufuGJvkeD;yg; jzpf&yfwpfck
'kwd,tMudrf jzpfay:vmcJhonf/

Yahoo, CNN, Amazon tygt0if
xdyfwef; Website 8 ckcefYwkdYonf
hacker rsm;\ aESmifh,SufrIudkcH&jyD;
server rsm; ydwfoGm;chJ&onf/

2001 Zefe0g&D
[laom enf;ynmwpfrsKd; ay:aygufvmchJonf/
tifwmeufukd toHk;jyKí toHvdIif;oufoufjzifhom
vTifhwifaom pmrsufESmwpfrsKd; jzpfonf/

Podcasting

uGef&ufay:wGif tcrhJ zwf½Ií jyefvnf wnf;jzwfEkdifaom
urÇmhpG,fpHkusrf; 'wikipedia' udk wnfaxmifol *sifrDa0;vfrS
pwif aMumfjimvTifhwifchJonf/

2001 pufwifbm
Google onf ol\ search engine xJwGif page rank
jrifhrm;aom web site rsm;udk pwif a&G;cs,fay;chJonf/

2001 Edk0ifbm
Paypal \ account udk toHk;jyKí ykyf&[ef;rif;MuD;
*Refaygvfonf ¤if;\ laptop rSaeí
email pwif ykdYvTwfchJonf/

2002 'DZifbm
FBI \

tvkd&SdqHk;aom &mZ0ifvlqkd;pm&if; xkwfjyefchJonf/

2003 {jyD
Apple onf iTunes 0efaqmifrIudk

pwifchJjyD; uGef&ufrS oDcsif;zkdifrsm;udk download

&,lapEkdifchJonf/

2003 ar
rif[rfwefeef;awmfonf urÇmh&mZ0wfrIrsm; wkdufzsuf&efESifh vHkjcHKpdwfcsrI&Sdaom
uGef&ufurÇmrsm;udk zGJUpnf;&eftwGuf tckdifrmqHk;aom tzGJUtpnf;wpfckudk
pwifwnfaxmifchJonf/ xkdtzGJUwGif urÇmay:&Sd xdyfwef; uGef&ufvHkjcHKa&;
uRrf;usifynm&Sifaygif; &mausmf yg0ifchJonf/

150

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
2004 Zefe0g&D
Amazon onf

uGef&ufpD;yGm;a&;ay:wGif &&SdchJaom aiGaMu;
tusKd;tjrwf pm&if;ukd ESpftvkduf pm&if;xkwfjyefchJonf/
2004 azazmf0g&D
uyÜvD vlrnf; tqkdawmfrav; *sufeuf*sufqif\ trItrSwfrhJ yHk&dyf
rsm; w&m;0if ysHUESHYchJonf/ (xkdtcsdefrSpí celebility image rsm;onf
tppfESifhtwkrsm; a&maxG;vsuf pwifausmfMum;vmchJjyD; tifwmeuf
toHk;jyKol 60 &mcdkifEIef;\ pdwf0ifwpm; &SmazGMuaom yHk&dyfrsm;
jzpfxGef;vmchJ\/)
2004 Zlvdkif
Tim berners Lee onf

wkduf&nfcdkuf&nf
jynhf0aom jrif;pD;
ol&Jaumif;wkdYudk
t*Fvefeef;awmfrS
csD;jr§ifhonhf
bGJUwpfckjzpfaom
knighthood (sir bGJU) udk
vufcH&&SdchJonf/

2004 Mo*kwf

2004 Edk0ifbm

2005 azazmf0g&D

Google onfyxrqHk;

Mozilla tkyp
f\
k Firefox
browser udk tcrhJ

AD'D,kd? ½kyf&Sifzkdifrsm;udk
tcrhJ &S,f,mvkyfEkdifaom

xkwfa0 jzefYcsdchJonf/

'Youtube' website

tMudrftjzpf wpfpkvQif 85
a':vm&Sdaom &S,f,m
rsm;udk xkwfa&mif;chJonf/
(15 v Mumaomtcg
ol\ &S,f,mwpfpkvQif
a':vm 400 txd aps;
EIef;wkd;jrifhoGm;chJonf/)

ay:aygufvmchJonf/

2005 atmufwdkbm
aygif; 25
oef;ausmf &SdvmchJonf/

Website

2006 azazmf0g&D
Microsoft onf stream live TV u@udk vlxkqDokdY
pwifjyochJjyD; Media center ESifh csdwfqufEkdifrIudk

o½kyfjychJonf/
Mobile zkef;rsm;wGif toHk;jyK&ef home page code udk
google rS pwif jzefYcsdchJonf/

2006 Zefe0g&D
Spam ESihf tjcm; tzsut
f arSmifhrsm;udk z,f&Sm; okwfoif
Ekdifonf[k nTef;qkdaom browser IE7 \ beta 2 udk

trsm;jrifuGif;okdY jyochJonf/
blogger orm;rsm;rSwpfqifh pwifysHUESHYchJaom google
web mail onf Gmail [k xif&Sm;vmum vltrsm;qHk;

2006 {jyD
w½kwfjynfwGif GuGe [k vlodrsm;Muaom google onf
domain tcGJwpfck jzpfaom google.cn udk filter rsm;pGm
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• Task Manager udk zGihfyg/ (Ctrl+Alt+Del) Flashy,
Fun, New Folder pwJh Process awGeJY rouFmzG,f&m
Process awG Run aeovm;Munfhyg/ (Run aew,f

168

uGefysLwm*sme,f

qd&k if b,f Memory Stick rS rwyfygeJY/ Virus csucf si;f
ul;pufcH&Edkifygw,f/ Stick udk Format csvnf; tydkyg
yJ/ udk,fu Format csjyD;wmeJY virus u jyef0ifEdkifyg
w,f/)
txufyg tcsufawGxu
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jyDqdk&if aocsmoavmufeD;yg; Virus odkYr[kwf trojan
odkYr[kwf spyware wpfckck pufxJrSm&SdaejyDvdkY ,lqEdkifyg
w,f/ tjcm; ppfaq;enf;awGvnf; trsm;MuD;&Syd gao;w,f/
ydkaocsmatmif Antivirus Software wpfrsKd;rsKd;udk install
vkyjf yD; Full Scan Run Munfyh g/ Virus 0ifwm aocsm&ifawmh
Virus udk t&ifowfyg/ Virus Backup awmif vkyfrxm;
ygeJY/ Backup vkyfxm;wJh Virus u tEÅ&m,fjzpfvmEdkifyg
w,f/ wu,fjh yóemu virus awGukd tjywf&iS ;f jyD;onfw
h ikd f
atmif Folder Options vdk Feature rsKd;u jyefray:bl;
jzpfaew,f/ ¤if;jyóemudk ajz&Sif;zdkY Hard disk udk Format csjyD; Windows topfwifwmrsKd;awmh rvkyfygeJY/
taumif;qHk;enf;vrf;jzpfayr,fh folder options aysmufwm
rsKd;eJYawmh 'Davmufrvdkygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkY ayghayghyg;yg;eJY
vG,fvG,fulul &Sif;Mu&atmif/ Tool wcsKdUudkawmh cifAsm;
oHk;wwfzdkYvdkvdrhfr,f/
t&ifq;kH System Restore Point wpfcu
k kd zefw;D yg/
vkyaf qmifenf;
Start > All Programs >Accessories > SystemTool
> System Restore udk zGihfyg/ Create a restore point udk
a&G;jyD; Next udk ESdyfyg/ Restore point description rSm
emrnfwpfckay;yg/ Oyrm Before Repair qdkwmvdkrsKd;aygh/
jyD;&if Create udk ESyd yf g/ Restore Point Created vdYk ay:vm
k kd atmifjrifpmG zefw;D Edik yf gjyD/ Close
&if restore point wpfcu

udk ESdyfjyD; xGufyg/

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
Registry Editor udk toH;k jyKjy;D jyifqifrmS jzpfvYkd cifAsm;&JU Registry Database udk backup vkyx
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vkyaf qmifenf;
Start>Run udk zGihfyg/ regedit vdkY ½dkufxnfhyg/ File >
Export udk a&G;yg/ emrnfwpfckudk ay;jyD; save vkyfyg/
tqdk;qHk;tajctaerSm Windows udk Repair vkyfEdkifzdkY
twGuf cifAsm;rSm Windows XP install CD wpfcsyf &Sx
d m;zdYk
vdyk gvdrrfh ,f/ wpfck owdxm;&rSmu Windows CD wdik ;f u
oihf Windows udk Repair vkyaf y;Edik rf mS r[kwyf gbl;/ Windows XP Professional Service Pack 8 in 1 qdkwJh CD udk
CD ta&mif;qdkifawGrSm ar;0,fyg/ ¤if;u oihf Windows
XP udk Repair vkyfay;Edkifygw,f/ ('Dae&mrSm uRefawmfu
vloHk;rsm;wJh Windows XP udkyJ Repair vkyfjyrSmyg/)
System Restore Point eJY Registry udk backup vkyf

jyD;jyDqdk&if ta&;MuD;wmwpfck vkyf&ygOD;r,f/ tJ'guawmh
oifh Data awGukd Backup vkyx
f m;zdYkygyJ/ Data awG rSm;zsurf d
&ifawmh tpm;xdk;r&wJh qHk;½IH;rIwpfckudk jzpfapEdkifygw,f/
Task Manager, Registry Editor

ESihf Folder Options udk

azmf,jl cif;
Task Manager, Registry Editor eJY folder options
azmf,lzdkYtwGuf t&ifqHk; cifAsm;pufrSm virus uif;zdkYvdk

udk
vdrhfr,f/
yxrqH;k Task Manager yGirfh yGifh Munfyh g/ Start>Run
rSm taskmgr vdkY ½dkufxnfhyg/

"Task manager has been disabled by your administrator" vdkY awGU&&if Task Manager udk virus u ydwf
oGm;jyDvdkY ,lqEdkifw,f/ Task Manager udk Registry uae

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer rSm No
Folder Options qdw
k hJ Key udak wGU&ifzsuyf g/ (Right Click
> Delete)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System eJY
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System rSm "Disable TaskMgr" qdkwJh Key udk awGU&ifvnf; zsufyg/
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Run eJY
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\ Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Run u Key

awGtm;vHk;udkvnf; zsufyg/ tJ'gawGu uGefysLwm zGihfzGihf
csif;rSm wufvmr,fh Program pm&if;awGyg/ Virus u tJ'Dh
ae&muae pwif run wmyg/ tm;vHk;jyD;&ifawmh uGefysLwm
udk restart csyg/ Folder Options eJY Task Manager jyef&r&
ppfyg/ jyefr&bl;qdk&if Registry udk jyefzGihfjyD;
HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft
\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer udk jyef
oGm;yg/ 'NoFolderOptions' jyefa&mufaew,fqdk&if Virus
raoao;ygbl;/ Virus udk t&ifowfyg/
tu,fí Registry yGihfjyD; uGefysLwm Restart usoGm;
&ifawmh cifAsm;pufxJrSm Virus &Sdaeao;w,f/ jyD;awmh run
vnf; run aeao;w,f/ Virus uif;atmif t&if vkyfoihf
w,f/ (uRefawmfajymcJhovdkaygh Kaspersky udk oHk;olu

odyfaumif;wm/)

jyefzGihf&vdrhfr,f/
Start>Run rSm regedit vdkY ½dkufxnfhyg/ Registry yGihf
w,fqdk&if Task Manager eJY Folder Options udk vufeJY
Manual jyefzGihfvdkY&w,f/ Registry udk zGihfjyD;
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\ Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer eJY

Zefe0g&D? 2008 169

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
'grSr[kwf "Registry editing has been disabled
by your administrator" vdkY awGU&&if Registry udkvnf;
Virus u ydwo
f mG ;jyefygjyD/ cifAsm;vufeYJ jyifvYkd r&awmhb;l /
Tool wpfckck oHk;&awmhr,f/ MudKufESpfouf&mudk oHk;Edkifyg
w,f/ (Oyrm? CoverXP )
uRefawmfu cifAsm;twGuf Program av; wpfck
a&;xm;w,f/ iRepair Man vdkY ac:w,f/ olu Folder
Options, Task Manager eJY Registry Editor udk jyefzGihfay;
Edkifw,f/ http://www.isoft.ygn.cc rSm tcrJh Download
cs,lEdkifygw,f/ cifAsm;u Programmer wpfa,mufjzpfvdkY
b,fvakd &;xm;ovJ odcsif&ifawmh zippy@technomation
.org udk email ydkYjyD; source code udk awmif;,lEdkifygw,f/
Program udk pD;yGm;jzpf a&mif;csjcif;? source code udk
jyifqifjcif; ponfwdkYudk vkyfaqmifcGifhr&Sdyg/ CD wefzdk;ESifh
0efaqmifrt
I wGuo
f m,ljyD; vGwv
f yfpmG jzefYcsjd cif;udk cGijfh yKyg
w,f/
aemufxw
k rf ,fh version awGrmS virus &Srd &Sd axmufvrS ;f
ay;wmwdkY? tjcm;ysufpD;aewJh settings awGudk jyifay;wmwdkY
pwJh feature awGudk xnfhoGif;ay;Edkifatmif MudK;pm;aeyg
w,f/ rdrdMuHKawGUae&wJh jyóemawGudk email ydkYay;jcif;jzifh
feature topfawG xnfhoGif;Edkifatmif tultnDay;Edkifyg
w,f/ 'Daqmif;yg;udkvnf; http://www.isoft.ygn.cc rSm
Download &,lEi
kd yf gw,f/ tjrJwrf; Update vkyEf ikd af tmif
eJY Virus eJY ywfoufvdkY tjynfhpHkqHk; aqmif;yg;wpfyk'fjzpf
atmif MudK;pm;aeygw,f/

Folder awGukd Double Click ESyd v
f u
kd w
f ikd f; My Documents
Folder ay:aejcif;? bmrQ wufrvmjcif;

rESdyfygeJY? cifAsm;ESdyfjyD;jyDqdk&ifvnf; xyfrESdyfvdkufygeJY/
tJ'g cifAsm;&JU folder r[kwfbl;/ cifAsm;&JU folder ta&mif
aqmifxm;wJh virus file wpfckyJ/ r,Hk&if tJ'D file udk Right
Click ESdyfjyD; Type rSm MunfhMunfhyg/

File Folder vdkY ay:r,fhtpm; Application vdkY ay:ae
w,f/ cifAsm; Double Click ESyd v
f u
kd jf yDqw
kd meJY cifAsm;pufxJ
Virus u wef;0ifoGm;awmhwmyJ/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh Virus
udu
k af ewJh pufrmS oGm;wyfrw
d hJ Memory Stick awGrmS awGU&
avh &Sdw,f/ Virus u b,fvdk vkyfoGm;ovJqdkwm&,f?

b,fvdk jyif&r,fqdkwm&,fudk Munfh&atmif/

yHrk mS rSed af ewJh Folder av;cku cifAsm; Folder tppfawG
ygyJ/ xif;aewJh Folder av;ckuawmh Virus u zefwD;
xm;wJh Folder ta,mifaqmif File av;zdkifygyJ/ File udk
Select vkyfvdkufwJhtcg Detail rSm Application vdkY ay:ae
wmudk owdxm;rdrmS yg/ rSed af ewmav;awGukd jrif&w,fq&kd if
awmh cifAsm;vkyf&rSmu 'D folder awG yg0ifwJh Drive
wpfckvHk;udk Virus Scan ppfyg/ xif;aewJh ta,mifaqmif
Virus tm;vHk;udk Antivirus Software u zsufoGm;yg
vdhrfr,f/ rSdefaewJh Folder awGudk Select vkyfjyD; File >

170

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
Properties udk a&G;yg/ Hidden rSm Click jzKwfyg/ Apply
> OK udk ESdyfyg/ jyefjrif&ygvdrfhr,f/
wu,fvdkY cifAsm;qDrSm rjrif&awmhbl;qdk&if Tools >
Folder Options > View > Do not show hidden files
and folders udk a&G;xm;rdvdkY rjrif&wmyg/

All or part of the file name: rSm * .* vdkY ½dkufxnfhjyD;
Search udk ESdyfyg/

tJ'gudk Show hidden files and folders udk ajymif;a&G;
&if Hide jzpfaewmawG jyefjrif&vmrSmyg/ 'gayr,fh Folder
Options aysmufae&if cifAsm; b,fvdkazmfrvJ/ wpfcgwpf&H
Show hidden files and folders udk a&G;wmawmif Tools
> Folder Options > View > Do not show hidden files
and folders udk jyefa&G;Munfh&if Do not show yJ jyefjzpfae
wwfw,f/ (tJ'gu Rootkit awGaMumifhjzpfwJh jyóemyg/
Windows udk Repair vkyfrS jyefaumif;vmrSmyg/ ydkvG,ful
r,fhenf;vrf;udk uRefawmf &SmazGaeygw,f/ Windows udk
Repair vkyfwmeJY Rootkit awGtaMumif;udk xyfrH &Sif;jyygh

r,f/) tJ'gudk azmfp&m enf;vrf; rawGUao;ygbl;/
jzwfvrf;wpfckawmh &Sdygw,f/ Keyboard ay:u F3
udk ESdyfyg/ Search Box wufvm&if All Files and folders
udk a&G;yg/ More advanced Options u Search hidden
files and folders udk trSefjcpf vkyfay;yg/

rSed af ewJh Folder awGukd select vkyjf yD; File>Properties
udk a&G;? Hidden rSm trSefjcpfjzKwfjyD; Apply>OK udk
a&G;vdkuf&if &jyDaygh/ aemufqdk&if olrsm;pufrSm oGm;wyf
vmwJh Memory Stick udk udk,fhpufrSmwyfjyD;&if Double
Click rESdyfvdkufygeJYOD;/ Virus ygvm&if csufcsif; ul;Edkifyg
w,f/ Antivirus Software eJY Scan t&ifppfMunfhyg/
Antivirus Software r&Sdbl;qdk&if Drive udk Right click
ESdyfMunfhyg/ Open u xdyfqHk;rSm&Sdae&r,fhtpm; Autoplay
u xdyq
f ;kH a&mufae&if Memory Stick xJrmS Virus 0ifaeyg
jyD/ Antivirus Software wpfckckwifjyD; Scan vkyfudk vkyf&
ygawmhr,f/
xdefvif;xl;

Zefe0g&D? 2008 171

Photoshop

jzwfvrf;enf;rsm;
rsuf0ef;awG&JU pdwf0ifpm;zG,f zrf;pm;rIrsKd;udk Blade
Runner ½kyf&SifxJrSm txift&Sm; awGUjrifzl;cJhMuygjyD/ ,ck
rsuf0ef;rSm yHk&dyfxif[yfaewJh effect jyKvkyfMunfhMur,f/

awmf 0ifqHhatmif t&G,fjyifyg/ yHk&dyf&JU rvdkcsifwJhtydkif;awG
rsufv;kH ay: ausmfveG zf ;kH tkyaf evnf; cktqihrf mS udpö r&Sad o;
bl;/ pdwfauseyf&if enter acgufyg/

tqihf «1»
yxrqHk; toHk;jyKr,fh rsuf0ef;eJY a&mifjyef[yfr,fh yHk&dyf
ESpfckpvHk; photoshop rSm zGihfyg/ Layer wpfckpDrSm wyf
xm;yg/ ½kyfyHkESpfckpvHk; resolution jrif&if ydkaumif;r,f/
Move tool udk oHk;jyD; yHk&dyfudk rsuf0ef;ay: ae&mcsyg/

tqihf «3»
udk a&G;yg/ pkwfwHtaysmh (soft brush)
MuD;MuD;a&G;jyD; rvdkcsifwJhtydkif;awG zsufypfyg/ rsuf0ef;eJY
oli,ftdrfrSm enf;enf;pGef;ausmfaevnf; 'DtqihfrSm udprö &Sd
ao;bl;/
Eraser Tool

tqihf «2»
Free Transform Tool udk ac:,l&ef Edit > Free Transform odkY oGm;yg/ odkYr[kwf Ctrl + T udk ESdyfyg/ Layer &JU
opacity udk enf;enf;csxm;jcif;tm;jzifh atmufcH oli,ftr
d f
taetxm;udk jrif&r,f/ ,ck Free Transform Tool udk

oH;k jyD; yH&k yd &f UJ vdck sifwt
hJ ydik ;f tm; rsufpo
d il ,ftrd x
f J tavm

172

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm

tqihf «4»
a&mifjyef[yfy&kH yd &f UJ Layer udk a&G;xm;wm aocsmapjyD;
aemuf Filter > Distort > Spherize odkY oGm;yg/ rsuf0ef;
iris u vHk;0MuD; rvHk;0ef;wm owdjyKyg/ oihftaeeJY setting wefz;kd udk tqifajyatmifupm;Munhz
f Ykdvrkd ,f/ (uReaf wmf
uawmh 84 &mcdkifEIef; oHk;xm;w,f/)

tqihf «7»
a&mifjyef[yf Layer &JU blending mode udk hard light
odkY ajymif;? opacity udk upm;yg/

tqihf «8»
'DtajccHz&dru
f aejyD; reflection layer &JU yH&k yd rf mS ud,
k yhf kH
taetxm;tvdkuf tjcm; photoshop enf;vrf;awG oHk;jyD;
trsKd;rsKd; prf;oyf vkyfaqmifMunfhaygh/

tqihf «5»
yHku enf;enf;ydkMuD;vmw,fqdk&if Move Tool oHk;jyD;
ae&ma&TU/ Ctrl + T eJY t&G,fjyifpOf tcsKd;tpm;nDatmif
Shift udk ESdyfjyD; csKHUyg/
tqihf «6»
D udk ESdyfjyD; background, foreground color udk default tjzLeJY trnf;jzpfatmif vkyfyg/ Layer Mask Button udk uvpfESdyfyg/ ck soft brush eJY rvdkcsifwJh tydkif;awG?
pGe;f xGuaf ewJt
h ydik ;f awG vdu
k zf sufyg/ rSm;oGm;jyD; jyefazmfcsif
&if X udk ESdyf? tjzLa&mifeJY jyefjc,fyg/

Zefe0g&D? 2008 173

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm

Effect 8: Edge Effect
,ckv oifcef;pmwGif video file rsm;twGuf video effect
xnhfoGif;toHk;jyKenf;rsm;udk qufvuf wifjyoGm;rSm
jzpfygw,f/
1/ Adobe premiere pro xJokdY0ifjyD; project topfwpfck
,lxm;ay;yg/ xkdYaemuf rdrdtoHk;jyKvkdaom video file
2 ckudk file > Import jzifh Project panel xJoYdk ac:xnhf
xm;ay;yg/
2/ yxr video file udk video 2 xJokdY qGJxnhfay;yg/
video file udk size jyifzkdYtwGuf Effect controls xJrS
motion ab;&Sd triangle wGif click ESdyfyg/

4/ Uniform Scale wGif trSefjcpfxm;ay;xm;yg/ Scale
wefz;dk udk 60 ½ku
d x
f nhaf y;yg/ video file &JU size ajymif;vJ
oGm;ygvdrfhr,f/ qufvufjyD; video file &JU aemufrSm
background wpfck xyfxnhfr,fhyHkpHukd qufvuf
jyKvkyfygr,f/
5/ File > New > Color Matte wGif click ESdyfyg/ Color
Picker dialog box usvmygu oifhawmfaom ta&mif
wpfckckudk a&G;ay;jyD; OK wGif click ESdyfyg/ box wpfck
xyfusvmygu OK wGif click xyfESdyfay;yg/

3/ Motion tab xJrS scale ab;&Sd triangle wGif click
ESdyfí slider bm;rS wpfqifh wefzkd;rsm;udk vkdovkd toHk;
jyKEkdifygw,f/ width ESifh Hight wefzkd;rsm;udk wpfjydKif
wnf; rajymif;vkdygu Uniform Scale a&SU&Sd check
box wGif trSejf cpf jzKwfxm;jyD; wpfcp
k D jyifqifowfrw
S f
Ekdifygw,f/

174

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
9/ video Effect aemufwpfck xyfMunhfygr,f/ Video Effects > Perspective > Drop shadow effect udk
Timeline xJrS video file ay:okdY qGJxnhfay;yg/

6/ Project Panel xJrS topf,lxm;aom color matte udk
Timeline xJ&dS video 1 track xJoYdk qGx
J nhaf y;yg/ rlv
video file &JU atmufrSm &Sd&ygr,f/ t&G,f rwlygu
color matte &JU file &JU nmbuftpGe;f rSm Mouse pointer
wifum nmbufokdYzdqGJjyD; csJUay;Edkifygonf/ (A)
7/ Video file wGif&Sdaom rvkdtyfwhJtykdif;udk zsufxkwf
Munfyh gr,f/ Project panel xJrS Effects tab wGif click
ESdyfyg/ video effects > transform > Crop Effect ukd
a&G;jyD; Timeline &Sd video file ay:okdY qGJxnhfyg/ (B)
(A)

10/ Effect controls panel xJrS Drop shadow effect udk
zGichf sxm;ay;yg/ Distance wefz;dk ESihf softness wefz;dk ukd
50 pD ½kdufxnhfay;yg/ wjcm;wefzkd;rsm;udkvnf; vkdtyf
ygu prf;oyf toHk;jyKEkdifygw,f/

(B)

8/ Effect controls panel xJwGif crop effect a&muf&Sd
oGm;jyD; left, Top, Right, Bottom wefzkd;rsm;udkjyifum
video file &JU rvkdtyfaom tykdif;rsm;udk zsufxkwf
Ekdifygw,f/

11/ Project panel xJrS 'kwd, video file udk video 2
track &JU ab;okdY qGJxnfhxm;ay;yg/ jyD;vQif video 1
track rS color Matte udk 'kwd, video file eJY wpfnD
wnf;jzpfatmif qGJcsJUxm;ay;yg/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 175

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
12/ 'kwd, video file udk yxr video file twkdif; scale
wefzkd;udk 60 owfrSwfxm;ay;yg/

13/ Project panel rS Effects tab wGif click ESdyfyg/ video
Effects > Transform > Edge Feather Effect udak &G;í
Timeline rS 'kwd, video file ay:odkY xnhfxm;ay;yg/

14/ Effect Controls rS Edge Feather Effect wGif Amount
wefzkd;udk 50 ½kdufxnhfay;yg/ 'Dhaemuf ajymif;vJrIudk
play Button ESdyfjyD; Munfhay;yg/ jyD;vQif video file &JU
ywfywfvnfrmS boder yHpk rH sKd;udk qufvuf jyKvkyMf unhf
ygr,f/

15/ Project panel xJrS yxr video file udk Timeline
xJoYdk xyfrH qGx
J nhx
f m;ay;yg/ 'Dah emuf scale wefz;dk udk
60 ½kdufxnhfay;yg/

16/ Video Effects > Transform > Clip Effect udk wwd,
video file ay:okdY qGJxnhfay;yg/ jyD;vQif Clip Left,
Right, Top, Botton wefz;dk rsm;udk 5 [k ½ku
d x
f nhaf y;yg/
Fill color button wGif click ESy
d jf yD; tjzLa&mif (FFFFFF)
xm;ay;yg/ ywfywfvnf Boder yHpk u
H dk jrifawGU&ygr,f/

17/ yxr video file wGif xnhfxm;aom dropshadow
effect udk copy ul;í toH;k jyKMunhr
f ,f/ Timeline xJrS
yxr video file wGif click ESdyfyg/ Effect controls rS
Drop shadow pmom;ay:wGif Right Click > Copy
udk a&G;yg/ wwd, video file ay:wGif click ESdyfyg/
Effect Controls rS vGwfaomae&mwGif Right > paste
udk a&G;yg/ drop shadow effect &&Sdvmygvdrhfr,f/

video file tm;vHk;udk preview Munhfí toHk;jyKEkdifygonf/

rsK;d rif;xGe;f

176

uGefysLwm*sme,f

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
A PROLOGUE TO WINDOWS VISTA

0if;'dk;Apfpfwm ed'gef;
tydkif; (2) tcef; (6)
Briefly Lost, but Quickly Found
0if;'dk;ApfwmwGif information rsm; hide-and-seek
tcGifhtvrf;rsm; ay;vmcJhygonf/ rnfodkY&SmazGrIawG jyKvkyf
rnfenf; odkYwnf;r[kwf rnfokdYaomenf;jzifh pdwf taESmifh
t,Suf jzpfp&mrsm;udk tumtuG,f jyKxm;ay;rnfenf;
pojzifh vkyfenf;vkyf[efrsm; yg&Sdygonf/ txl;ojzifh
þtcef;u@wGif desktop ay:rS ½kwfw&ufaysmufqHk;oGm;
aom files rsm;? "mwfyHkrsm;? tD;ar;vfrsm;? oDcsif;rsm;ESifh
rSwfwrf; rSwf&mrsm;udk jyefvnf&SmazG,lEkdifrnfh tajctae
rsm;udk wifjyoGm;rnf jzpfonf/

xm;jyD; Tab udk xyfESdyfvkdufí Munfh½IEkdifonf/ Figure 6-1
wGif jrifawGY&onft
h wkid ;f 0if;'d;k Apfpw
f mrS rsufvn
S q
hf &mu
zJrsm;udk wpfcsyfcsif; jrif&atmif jyouJhodkY avxJwGif csdwf
qGx
J m;onfh 0if;'d;k av;rsm;udk jrifawGY&ygvdrrhf nf/ rdrv
d ckd sif
aom 0if;'dk;udk&Sm&mwGif Windows keys udk zdxm;&if; Tab
udk ESdyfívnf;aumif;? armufpf\ scroll wheel udk vSnfhí
vnf; rawGYrcsif; &SmazG,lEkdifygonf/

Finding Lost Windows

0if;'d;k Apfpw
f monf wu,fh desktop toGit
f jyifxuf
spike memo holder rsm;uJhodkY eH&Hcsdwf rSwfwrf;pmyHkpHjyK
obm0jzifh vkyfukdif aqmif&Gufay;ygonf/ 0if;'dk;topf
wpfckudk zGifh,lonfhtcgwkdif; eH&HrSm wef;pDcsdwfay;ae
ygvdrfhrnf/ odkYtwGuf 0if;'dk;acgif;pD;av;rsm;udk Munfh&if;
tvG,fwul &SmazGaumuf,lEkdifygonf/ 0if;'dk;av;rsm;\
edge odkYr[kwf corner rsm;udk click vkyfvkdufvQif tjynfh
rsufESmjyiftwkdif; ay:vmrnf jzpfonf/
tqdkyg 0if;'dk;av;rsm;udk jr§KyfESHxm;cJhygu desktop
\ taskbar ay:wGif &SmazGMunfhEkdifonf/ tasktop onf
armfeDwmjrifuGif; atmufajcwGif &Sdaeygvdrfhrnf/ (tu,fí
tqdkyg taskbar udk rawGY&ygu Windows key ukdESdyfí
retricve jyefvkyfEkdifygonf/) &SmazGvdkaom 0if;'dk;av;\
trnf odkYr[kwf icon udk taskbar ay:wGif&Smum click
vkyfvkduf½Hkjzifh jyefay:vmapygonf/
qufvufí aysmufqHk;aeao;ygu vista \ tvGef
opfvGifaom Flip 3D udk ac:um Windows key tm; ESdyf

tm; zdxm;jyD; Tab udk xyfcgwvJvJ
ESdyfjcif;jzifh 0if;'dk;av;rsm;udk &SmazG,l&onf/ Windows key
udk vTwfvkdufonfESifh rdrdtvdk&Sdaom 0if;'dk;av; desktop
ay: a&mufvm&onf/

Fig 6-1 Windows key

tu,fí rdrt
d aejzifh yDpt
D a[mif;udk oH;k ae&wm Vista
\ 3D View udk roHk;EkdifcJhvQif Alt cvkwfudkESdyf&if; Tab
jzifh rawGYrcsif; &Sm,l&rnfhoabm&Sdonf/ xdktcsdefwGif jrif
awGYae&onfhjrifuGif;rSm 2D jrifuiG ;f om jzpfygvdrrhf nf/ rdrd
tvd&k adS om 0if;'d;k av;udak wGYygu Alt udk vTwaf y;vku
d v
f Qif
vkdufcsif; desktop ay: a&mufvmrnfjzpfonf/
tu,fí rdrt
d aejzifh 0if;'d;k av;rsm;udk rnfoYkd rnfykH
zGifh,l&rnfudk odaomfvnf; jyefYusJaeojzifh t&Sm&
cufaecJyh gvQif taskbar ay:rSm right-click ESyd v
f u
dk jf yD; menu

Zefe0g&?D 2008 177

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
rS show windows side By Side qdkwJh tcsufudka&G;jyD;
click vkyf,lvkdufonfESifh wpfckjyD;wpfck pDumpOfum jyo
ay;ygvdrfhrnf/
Finding Lost Files, Folders, Music,
Photos, and Mor

tifwmeuftwGi;f rSwpfqifh wpfurÇmvH;k &Sd yDpaD ygif;
oef;csD&adS eonft
h xJukd 0ifa&muf&mS azGrt
I wGuf rdepftawmf
Mum apmifh&onfqdkonfrSm jzpfacgifhjzpfcJ jzpf&yfjzpfonf/
okdY&mwGif rdrdyDpDxJrSm document wpfckudk vkduf&Sm&mwGifrl
&ufcsDí MumjrifhrIrsm; &SdEkdifygonf/
Search jyóemudk ajz&Si;f &ef Apfpwmu Google uJo
h Ykd
aom tifwmeuf search engine \ tcGit
hf vrf;aumif;rsm;
udk erlem,lum rdrdyDpD\ main files rsm;\ index wpfckudk
zefwD;,lcJhonf/ aysmufqHk;aeaom file udk &SmazG&ef Start
menu ukdoGm;í atmufajc&Sd search box udk a&G;cs,fjyD;
click vkyfvkduf&onf/
rdrd&SmazGvdkaom file xJwGif awmfawmfrsm;rsm; oHk;EIef;
xm;aom pum;vHk; odkYr[kwf trnf odkYr[kwf toHk;tEIef;
wpfckckudk ½dkufoGif;,l&onf/ pjyD; ½dkuf&mwGif yg&Sdaom
pum;vHk;wpfvHk;udk arS;í csufcsif; file pm&if;jyKpkrIudk pwif
vkyfudkifawmhonf/ vHkavmufaom pum;vHk;udk azmfjy
½dkufoGif; jyD;pD;onfESifh ApfpwmrS pm&if;wpfckudk toifh
xkwfjyefay;vdkufygvdrhfrnf/ xdkpm&if;rS rdrdtvdk&Sdaom file
udk double click vkyf&if; zGihf,l&efom &Sdygonf/
Oyrmtm;jzif h pm½d k u f o G i f ; pOf yxr pmvH k ; onf
Thelonious [k qdkygu Figure 6-2 wGif jyqdkxm;ouJhodkY
Start menu \ Search box wGif Thelonious Monk \
&SdorQ oDcsif;rsm;udk wifjyay;vmygawmhonf/
rdrt
d vd&k adS om file udk &SmawGUonft
h cg file trnftay:
click vkyv
f u
dk o
f nfEiS fh file yGiv
fh mygvdrrfh nf/ rnfonfah e&m

Fig 6-2

rdrd&SmazGvdkaom document,
email, odrYk [kwf music file
rS pum;vHk;tcsKdUudk
½dkufoGif;vdkufvQifvdkufcsif;
ApfpwmrS udkufnDonfh files
rsm;udk wef;pDum
azmfjyay;onf/

178

uGefysLwm*sme,f

u &&Sdvmonfudk odvdkygu right-click vkyfum Open
File Location udk a&G;í folder udk od&c
dS iG fh &oGm;apygonf/
xdkodkY &SmazG&mwGif atmufyg tcsuftvufrsm;onf
rdrdtwGuf toHk;0ifapygvdrhfrnf/
 Apfpwm\ index wGif documents rsm;? Picture rsm;?
Musics rsm;ESifh Videos folders rsm;rS zdkifrsm;tm;vHk;udk
azmfjyay;rnfjzpfonf/ (rdryd pD u
D kd wjcm; wpfO;D wpfa,mufrS
account vkyfí oHk;pGJxm;aom files rsm;udkrl azmfjyay;rnf
r[kwfay/)
 Index wGifazmfjy&mü rdrdodkrSD;xm;onfh desktop ay:rS
t&m&mudk azmfjyay;rnfjzpfaomaMumifh tifwmeuf Websites wGif vGefcJhaom &ufowåywf tenf;i,fu taMumif;
t&mrsm;tjyif rdrd Recycle Bin xJoYkd pGeYf ypfxm;onfh files
rsm;udkyg xnfhoGif; azmfjyay;ygvdrhfrnf/
 tu,fí common word wpfckudk tajccHí &SmazGcJhyg
u pmvHk;ta&twGufESihftrQ ywfouforQudk qGJxkwf
vmrnf jzpfojzihf vdk&if;wdk&Sif; ½dkufoGif;vQif ydkrdk &SmazG&
vG,fapygonf/ Oyrm Thelonious Monk Played Tuesday night [k azmfjyvQif twdtusay;vdkufjcif;aMumifh
&SmazG&mwGif ydkrdkí tcGihftvrf; aumif;oGm;Edkifonf/
 zkid rf sm;udk &SmazGonht
f cg ¤if;zkid \
f pmaMumif; odYkr[kwf
pum;vHk;\ yxrqHk;pmvHk;udk p½dkuf&rnf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh
Thelonious udk &SmazG&ef 't' udk ½ku
d &f rnf/ tu,fí 'Onious'
udk ½ku
d x
f nhyf gu Vista onf tqkyd gpmvH;k rsm; yg0ifaeonhf
wkdif Thelonious ukd &SmEkdifrnf r[kwfyg/
 Search box taeeJY captial letters rsm;udk rodusKd;uRH
vkyfaernfjzpfonf/ odkYtwGuf Bee [lonfh pum;vHk;ESifh
bee pum;vHk;udk a&maESm todtrSwfjyKygvdrhfrnf/
 tu,fí rdrd yDpDxJrS &Smjcif;xuf tifwmeufudk vrf;
aMumif;jyK &SmazGvdkcJhygu rdrdtvdk&Sdaom pum;vHk; odkYr[kwf
pmyk'pf ak v;udk ½du
k o
f iG ;f jyD;onfEiS hf tifwmeuf qufo,
G rf u
I kd
click vkyfay;vdkufjcif;jzifh &&SdEdkifygonf/ xdktcg ApfpwmrS
rdrd&SmazGrIudpu
ö dk search engine qDodkY ydkYvTwfjyD; Internet
Explorer rS ac:ay;vdkufrnf jzpfonf/
Finding a missing file in a folder
Start menu \ Search box onf Apfpwm index tpHu
k kd

ae&mtESHYrS taotcsm &SmazGay;onf/ odkYaomf ¤if;onf
wpfcktwGif; [dk&Sm? onf&Sm vkyfaeonfhtcgwGif
rawGUrcsif; xyfcgwvJvJ &Smay;aeygvdrhfrnf/ "sea of
folder

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
filename in a folder" [lonfh jyóemudk ajz&Si;f &ef ApfpwmrS
folder wdkif;\ tay: nmbufaxmifhwGif search box udk

wifay;xm;onf/ odYk twGuf wdwu
d sus azmfñeT ;f xm; aom
folder twGif;rSmyif tuefYtowf vkyfxm;jyD;onfh search
box jzpfoGm;aponf/
twdtusodaom folder wpfcktwGif;rS aysmufqHk;ae
onfh file wpfckudk &SmazG&ef folder \ search box wGif;
click vkyjf yD; pmyk'p
f jk zpfap? pum;vH;k wpfv;kH jzpfap ½du
k o
f iG ;f
ay;&onf/ pmvHk;udk p½dkufoGif;vdkufonfESifh Apfpwm
uvnf; pí&SmrSm jzpfonf/ pxGufay:vmaom file pm&if;
tcsKUd rSmyif rdrad ysmufq;kH aom file udk rsujf cnfrjywf vdu
k &f mS
Edkifygvdrhfrnf/
Folder \ Search box u udkufnDzG,f&Sdaom file
tcsKdUudk ae&mcsxm;ay;cJah omtcg taxmuftuljzpfaprnfh
pm&if;tcsKdUudkom &rnfjzpfjyD; Folder \ Views cvkwfu
Details udk a&G;jyD; Figure 6-3 uJhodkY a'gifvdkufZ,m;jzifh
tao;pdwu
f kd &SmazG,El ikd af ponf/ yxr a'gifvu
kd Zf ,m;wGif
Files rsm;pm&if; azmfjyay;jyD; 'kwd, a'gifvdkufZ,m;wGif
file wpfckpD&JU tao;pdwftwdtuspm&if;udk wpfwef;wnf;
tpOftvdkuf azmfjyay;oGm;ygvdrhfrnf/
a'gifvdkufZ,m;onf Name, Date Modified ESifh
Authors [lí acgif;pD;rsm;wyfxm;ay;onf/ tao;pdwf
a&G;yHak &G;enf;twGuf atmufazmfjyygtcsufrsm;udk vkyu
f ikd &f
rnf jzpfonf/
 Name. File name \ yxrpmvHk;t& azmfjyay;rnf/
azmfjy&mü tu©&mpOftwdkif; azmfjyay;rnf/ ¤if;xJrS rdrd
tvdk&Sdaom file udk aumuf,lEdkifonf/ tu,fí Name udk
click xyfvkyfygu ajymif;jyefvSefí wifjyay;vdrhfrnf/
 Date Modified. Document wpfcktwGuf aemufqHk;
udkifwG,fjyD; ajymif;vJxm;vdkufaom &ufpGJudk rSwfrdcJhvQif
Date Modified acgif;pD;udk click vky,
f v
l u
kd &f onf/ topf
vGiq
f ;kH file u xdyq
f ;kH xm;í cif;jyvmygvdrrfh nf/ (tu,fí
Date Modified udk click xyfvy
k yf gu ajymif;jyef vSew
f ifay;
rnfjzpfojzihf qufvuf toHk;rjyKvdkaom files rsm;udk
tvG,fwul z,fxkwf,lEdkifonf/)
 Type. tqdyk g acgif;pD;rSwpfqihf txJwiG f yg&Scd surf sm;
a&G;cs,fcGihf &Edkifaponf/ Oyrm "mwfyHktkyfpkxJuvm;?
document tkyfpkxJuvm; qdkonfudk cJGjcm;cGihf &oGm;Ekdif
onf/
 Authors. Microsoft ESifh tjcm; y½dk*&rf awmfawmf
rsm;rsm;onf rdrd tvkyfvkyfxm;aom document ay:wGif

tvdktavsmuf ydkif&Siftrnfudk xnfhoGif;xm;ay;avh &SdMu
onf/ odYk twGuf vkyu
f ikd o
f l trnfjzihf file udk &SmazG,El ikd &f ef
vG,fuloGm;aponf/
 Tags. ApfpwmrS rdrd documents tm; tags rsm;
csxm;cGijfh yKay;onf/ odYktwGuf rdrd file aysmufq;kH oGm;cJv
h Qif
rdrd xnfhoGif;,lxm;onfh tags rsm;udk tajccHjyD; &SmazG
,lEdkifonf/
Folders rsm;onf

omreftm;jzifh a'gifvdkufZ,m;
ig;ckjzifh tao;pdwf cif;usif;jyoay;avh &Sdonf/
tu,fí aemufxyf a'gifvu
kd Zf ,m;wpfck xyf tydak qmif;í
vnf; &Edik yf gao;onf/ odYktwGuf rdrt
d aejzifh word count,
song length, photo size, creation date ESihf tjcm; tjcm;
aom tao;pdwfvkyfaqmifcsufrsm;udkyg pOf;pm; a&G;cs,fcGihf
&oGm;apEdkifygonf/ &Edkifaom tao;pdwf a'gifvdkuf
Z,m;udk jrifawGUEdkif&eftwGuf a'gifvdkufZ,m;xdyfwpfckrS
Label wpfcw
k iG f right-click vkyv
f u
kd &f onf/ xdt
k cg menu
ay:vmrnf/ ¤if;rS More udk a&G;cs,fjyD; Details dialog
box udk click vk y f a y;&onf / rd r d t vd k & S d o nf h tjcm;
a'gifvdkufZ,m;opf wpfckcsif;twGuf checkmark rsm;
xnfh&ef OK udk ESdyfvdkuf½Hkom &Sdonf/
Finding Lost Photos

0if;'dk;Apfpwmonf rdrd\ tD;ar;vfrsm;twGuf aemuf
qHk;pmvHk;jzifh index vkyf,lay;aomfvnf; rdrd\ Yosemite
photos ESihf Dog Beach rS ½du
k cf suf[í
l cGjJ cm; ajymqdEk ikd jf cif;
r&Sday/ atmufyg vufwdkYtñTef; oHk;csufjzifh tvG,fwul
vkyf,lEdkifonf/
 Tags. rdrdtaejzifh yDpDESifh uifr&m qufoG,f,laom
tcg odraf rGUnufanmpGmjzifh "mwfyrkH sm;rsm;udk yDpD twGi;f odYk
ul;ydkYay;onf/ ul;,laepOftwGif; ApfpwmrS rdrdtm; "Tag
these pictures" [lívnf; owday; vkyfaqmifay;ygonf/
uGefysLwm toHk;tEIef;jzifh tag wpfckudk ½dkufoGif;zdkY tcGihf
tvrf;ay;jcif; jzpfonf/ xdkodkY ay;tyfvdkufonfh pum;vHk;
odkYr[kwf pmydk'fpktwdkif; tñTef;jyKpkay;onf/
 Store Shooting Sessions in separate folders.
Apfpwm\ photo importing y½dk*&rfrS tvdktavsmufyif
folder topfwpfcu
k kd tags rsm; xnfo
h iG ;f jyD;onfEiS hf tñTe;f
ESifhtnD tcef;vdkuf wnfaqmuf zefwD;ay;onf/ odkY&mwGif
tjcm; y½dk*&rfudk toHk;jyKcJhvQifrl oD;jcm;yHkpHjzihf tcef;vdkuf
jzpfap&ef? folder topfrsm; ud,
k w
f ikd zf efw;D ay;&ef ta&;MuD;

Zefe0g&?D 2008 179

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
onf/ tcef;vdkuf jzpfap&ef tvdkYiSm twdkazmfñTef;csufrsm;
jzpfonfh Sushi Dinner, Parboiling Potatoes, odkYr[kwf
Truffle Hunt uJhodkYaom folders trnfrsm; ay;,l&onf/
'pf*spfw,f"mwfyHkaygif;rsm;pGmjzifh oAÁ&eHaygif;
a&ma&maESmaESmjzifh folder trsm; cRwfacsmf vJGrSm;oGm;rI
&Scd yhJ gu tjrefq;kH a&G;xkw,
f &l ef enf;vrf;&Syd gonf/ Folder
\ xdyfydkif; menu rS View udk photo morph rsm;udk wpfyHkpH
wnf; azmfjyay;onfh Thumbnails yHak v; azmfjyay;onftxd
xyfcgwvJvJ click vkyf,l&onf/ xdkYaemuf folder \
vGwfaeaom tydkif;wpfae&mwGif right-click vkyfum Sort
By udk a&G;ay;&onf/ wpfzef Date Modified odkYr[kwf
Date Taken wpfcc
k u
k kd xyfa&G;ay;&onf/ xdo
k Ykdjzifh ½du
k u
f ;l cJh
aom &ufpt
JG vdu
k f zGUJ pnf;rItwdik ;f aumufa&G;oGm;ay;onf/
 Rename Your Photos. ½dkuful;cJhpOfu rSwfom;csuf
wGif DSCM 1045, DSCM 1046 ponfuo
hJ Ykd trSwt
f om;
rsm;ESihf qdyk gu od&edS m;vnf&ef cufcaJ ewwfonf/ odYktwGuf
Belize tm;vyf&uf c&D;rS yHkrsm;jzpfu t"dyÜm,fodjrif
oGm;ap&ef tqdkyg files tm;vHk;udk select all jzifh a&G;cs,f
,ljyD; Ctrl udk zdxm;um A udk ESyd af y;vdu
k &f onf/ xdYk aemuf
yxrqH;k yHw
k iG f right-click vkyv
f u
kd u
f m Rename udk a&G;jyD;
'Belize' [k ½dkufoGif;ay;&rnf/ xdktcg 0if;'dk;onf Belize,
Belize (2), Belize (3) [lí pDum pOfum tvdktavsmuf
trnfopfrsm; &oGm;Muygvdrhfrnf/
tqdkygtqihf oHk;qihfjzifh rdrd"mwfyHkrsm; yvHk;yaxG;jzifh
wnf&adS ejcif; r&Sad pawmhum wpfpw
k nf; jzpfomG ;apygonf/
xdkodkY wpfpkwpfa0; oyfoyf&yf&yf "mwfyHkrsm;tkyfpk
vdu
k f jzpfomG ;jyD;oGm;aomtcg rdryd pD \
D hard drive
wpfpHkwpfck csKdU,Gif;oGm;vQif aysmufysufoGm;jcif; r&Sdap&ef
partable harddrive odYk r[kwf pD'r
D sm; odYk r[kwf 'DA'D cD syfjym;
rsm;jzifh backup vkyf,lxm;&ef ta&;MuD;onf/
Finding other computers on a network

vltrsm;pktaejzifh rodvdkuf rodbmom aeYpOf network wpfcu
k kd toH;k jyKaeMupjrJ jzpfonf/ tjcm;yDpw
D pfv;kH rS
ydkYvTwfvdkufrnfh tD;ar;vf&Sdr&Sdudk ppfaq;Munfh½Iae&avh
&Sdonf/ network wpfckudk ½dk;½dk;&Sif;&Sif;tjzpf yDpDrsm; tkyfpk
vdkuf qufoG,faqmif&Gufjcif;[k rSwf,lEdkifonf/ tifwm
euf qufoG,frI odkYr[kwf y&ifwmESihf qufoG,frI ponf
rQa0oHk;pGJrIrsm;vnf; &SdEdkifonf/
xdkodkYaom vkyfief;pOfrsm;twGuf rdrd yDpDonf tm;vHk;

180

uGefysLwm*sme,f

aom qufET,f files rsm;udk rdrd&& zrf;wG,fEdkif&ef ApfpwmrS
ulnD yHhydk;ay;Edkifygonf/
rdrd\ network ApfpwmrS yDpDwpfvHk;udk &SmazG&ef Start
menu rS Network udk a&G;,lvdkufvQif ApfpwmrS rdrdyDpDESihf
qufoG,fxm;orQ yDpDtm;vHk;udk pm&if;jyKpk jyoay;onf/
rnfonfhyDpDrSrqdk files rsm;udk browse vkyfvdkvQif tqdkyg
yDpDtrnfay:wGif double click vkyfvdkuf½HkrQjzifh Figure 64 twdkif; azmfjyay;ygonf/

Fig 6-3 network wpfckudk jzwfí rdrdyDpDrS tjcm; uGefysLwmrsm;udk
&Sm&ef Start menu udk click vkyu
f m Network udk

a&G;ay;vdkuf&onf/
Finding information on the Internet

rdrd yDpDtwGif;rS information rsm;udk tcsdefwdktwGif;
&SmazG&ef ApfpwmrS jyifqifaomtcg tifwmeufrSwpfqihf
&SmazGay;&ef ajymqdkEdkifonf/ Start menu \ Search box
twGif; click vkyfum pum;vHk;rsm;udk ½dkufoGif;jyD; Search
box \ xdyfwGif&Sdaom Search the Internet udk ESdyfay;vdkuf
&onf/
Extra step wpfcktaejzifh yHkrSef&,lvdkygu folder \
0if;'dk;twGif;&Sd search box \ nmbufodkY arrow udk click
vkyf&rnf/ drop-down menu ay:vmaomtcg Search
the Internet udk a&G;ESdyfay;vdkuf&onf/
Start menu \ Search box rS jzpfap? Folder wpfc\
k
Search box rS jzpfap? Apfpwmonf orm;½dkus search
engine tjzpf toHk;jyK&ef Internet Explorer \ Search
Box udkom csay;rnf jzpfonf/
qufvufazmfjyygO;D rnf/
OD;aomif;0if; (yef;cs,&f )D

Photoshop Tutorial
tqifh (1)
ud,
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f yfvyf vkyv
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atmif Ctrl+J eJY yHw
k l Layer yGm;yg/ tJ'D Layer
topfatmufrSm udk,fjyKvkyfr,fh 'DZdkif;aemufcH
background layer udk xm;yg/

tqifh (2)
Type Mask Tool udk roHk;ygbl;/ ½dk;½dk;
Type tool udy
k J a&G;cs,jf yD; ud,
k Mf udKuf&m pmom;

udk ½dkufoGif;yg/

pmvH;k type
yHkpHtwGif;
aemufcH
½kyfyHkum;csyfudk
azmufjrif&wJh
effect rsK;d

vkyfjyMunfhr,f/
tajccHuswJh

xlxlxJxJ MuD;MuD;rm;rm;qdk&if ydkvdkuf
w,f/ aemufydkif; Photoshop version awGrSm
pm½dkufoGif;&if type layer topf tvdv
k kd ydv
k m
w,f/ ¤if; Layer tay: right-click ESdyfjyD;
Rasterize Type udk a&G;yg/ tck raster yHk&dyfjzpf
oGm;jyDrdkY Ctrl+T ESdyfjyD; Free Transform Tool
eJY yHkoGift&G,ftpm;? taetxm; MudKufovdk
upm;MunhfEdkifygjyD/ pdwfMudKufjzpfwJhtcg enter acgufyg/

design concept

wpfck
jzpfygw,f/

Zefe0g&D? 2008 181

Photoshop Tutorial

tqifh (3)
tqdkyg Type layer tay: Ctrl+click ESdyfjyD; selecudk ac:,lyg/ tck 'D layer udk rvdkcsif&if zsufypfEdkifjyD/
'grSr[kwf&ifvnf; rsufvHk;rSdwfjyD; hide vkyfxm;yg/

tion

tqifh (5)
tqifh (4)
udk,fazmufjrifapcsifwJh aemufcH½kyfyHk&Sd&m layer udk a&G;
yg/ Layer palette rS Add Layer Mask icon udk uvpfESdyf
yg/

182

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Layer palette &JUyHjk yuGur
f S Layer thumbnail eJY Layer
Mask Thumbnail tMum; oHMudK;uGif;qufyHktay: uvpf
ESdyfjyD; link csdwfxm;wmudk jzKwfyg/ Layer mask thumbnail udk tjzLa&mifabmifcwfjyD; active jzpfaeaMumif; jyo

vmzdkY ¤if;tay: uvpfESdyfyg/

tqifh (6)
tck V udkESdyfí Move tool udk ac:jyD; Layer mask udk
vdk&mtaetxm;a&mufatmif a&TUEdkifygjyD/

tqifh (7)
a&SUqufvkyf&r,fh tqihfawGuawmh udk,fjyKvkyfr,fh
'DZdkif;yHkpHtaetxm;eJYyJ oufqdkifygw,f/ Layer palette u
Add a Layer Style tay: uvpfESdyfjyD; Drop Shadow,
Bevel and Emboss ponfjzifh layer style trsKd;rsKd; ouf
a&muf upm;MunfhzdkYygyJ/

Zefe0g&D? 2008 183

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm

Visual Basic.Net

Visual Basic.Net

jzifh program a&;om;jcif; (7)

tykdif; (1) wGif VB.NET jzifh progarm a&;om;jcif;
tqifhqifh VB.NET taMumif;ESifh .NET Framework
taMumif;rsm;udk azmfjycJhygonf/ tykdif; (2) rS (6) txdwGif
erlem program rsm;ESifh &Sif;vif;csufrsm;udkom azmfjycJhyg
onf/ ,ck tykid ;f (7) wGif program a&;om;&mü vkyaf qmif
&rnfhtqifhrsm;? erlem program rsm;ESifh &Sif;vif;csufrsm;udk
aygif;í azmfjyoGm;ygrnf/ tcsKUd ae&mrsm;wGif ,ciftykid ;f rsm;
ü azmfjycJhjyD;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;udkyg xyfrH &Sif;jyay;
xm;ygonf/
tykdif; (6) wGif Sub/Function cGJí a&;om;jcif;
taMumif; od&cdS jhJ yD jzpfygonf/ ,ck tykid ;f (7) wGif variable
scope taMumif;ESifh access right taMumif; t"du azmfjy
ygrnf/
yxrOD;pGm erlem program wpfyk'fjzifh pwifygrnf/
Notepad udk zGifhí azmfjyxm;aom erlem program 7-1 udk
a&;yg/
0 1 Imports System.Console
02
0 3 Module Module42
04
Dim varA As Integer
05
06
Sub Main()
07
varA = 10
08
Call Test1()
09
Call Test2()
10
End Sub
11
12
Sub Test1()
13
Dim varB As Integer
14
varB = 20
15
16
WriteLine( varA )
17
WriteLine( varB )

184

uGefysLwm*sme,f

18
End Sub
19
20
Sub Test2()
21
WriteLine( varA )
22
‘WriteLine( varB ) ‘Error
23
End Sub
2 4 End Module
Program 7-1

Program wGif Sub (3)

ck a&;xm;ygonf/ Variable
ESpfck aMunmxm;ygonf/ Sub (3) ckudk &SmMunfhyg/
Variable ESpfckudkvnf; &SmMunfhyg/ Variable aMunmxm;
onfh ae&mrsm;udk avhvmygrnf/ Line 04 wGif aMunmxm;
aom VarA rSm Module level variable jzpfjyD; Line 13 wGif
aMunmxm;aom VarB rSm Procedure level variable jzpf
ygonf/ Variable tm; aMunmxm;aomae&mudkvkdufí
level cGJjcm;Ekdifjcif;jzpfygonf/ Sub/ Function wpfct
k wGi;f
aMunmxm;ygu ¤if; variable udk procedure level [k
owfrSwf&ygrnf/ Sub/ function rsm;\ tjyifbuf?
Module twGif; aMunmxm;ygu Module level [k
owfrw
S &f ygrnf/ VarA uJo
h Ykd aom Module level variable
udk xdk Module twGif;wGif&Sdaom Sub/Function rsm;
tm;vHk;rS toHk;jyKEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/ Procedure level
variable ud k r l ¤if ; variable tm; aMunmxm;onf h
Procedure (Sub/Function) twGif;üom toHk;jyKEkdifrnf
jzpfygonf/
,ckerlem program wGif Line 04 ü aMunmxm;aom
Module level variable varA tm; Main ( ) method twGi;f
&Sd Line 07 wGifvnf;aumif;? Test 1 ( ) method twGif;&Sd
Line 16 wGifvnf;aumif;? Test 2 ( ) method twGif;&Sd
Line 21 wGifvnf;aumif; toHk;jyKxm;ygonf/ qdkvdkonf

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
rSm varA onf Module level variable jzpfaomaMumifh
Module twGif;wGif&Sdaom method tm;vHk;rS toHk;jyKEkdif
jcif;jzpfygonf/
Line 13 wGif aMunmxm;onfh Procedure level
variable jzpfonfh varB tm; Test 1 ( ) method twGif;&Sd
Line 17 wGif toHk;jyKxm;ygonf/ ¤if; varB tm; Test 2
( ) method twGif;&Sd line 22 wGif toHk;jyK&ef a&;xm;aomf
vnf; toHk;jyKí r&Ekdifyg/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf varB rSm
Test 1 ( ) method wGif aMunmcJhaomaMumifh Test 1 ( )
method twGif;üom toHk;jyKí &Ekdifrnfjzpfygonf/ Test
2 ( ) method ESifh tjcm;aom method rsm;wGif toHk;jyKí
r&Ekdifyg/
,ck erlem program udkavhvmí Module level ESifh
Procedure level variable taMumif;udk em;vnfEkdifrnfjzpf
ygonf/ Program output udkvnf; azmfjyxm;ygonf/

rdrdukd,fwkdif vufawGYvkyfaqmif&efrSm Notepad wGif
program udk a&;om;jyD;pD;ygu save vkyf&ygrnf/ Save
vkyf&mwGif (save in:) ae&mü rdrdMudKufESpfouf&m Folder
wpfcx
k w
J iG f save vkyyf g/ "C :\Computer Journal" Folder
xJwGif save vkyfonf qdkMuygpdkY/ Save in: udk "C:\
computer Journal" Folder jzpfatmifa&G;yg/ File name
udk << Module Name >> .vb [kay;yg/ ,ck erlem program
wGif Module Name rSm Module 42 jzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh
file name udk "Module 42.vb" [k ay;&ygrnf/ Save
vkyfjcif;jyD;pD;ygvQif Compile vkyfí &EkdifygjyD/ Compile
vkyf&eftwGuf yxrqHk; Command Prompt udk zGifhyg/
Command Prompt wGif cd\ Computer Journal [k ½du
k yf g/
xd k o d k Y ½ d k u f j cif ; rS m save vk y f x m;cJ h o nf h Folder tm;
Command Prompt wGif zGifhvkdufjcif;[k qdkEkdifygonf/
xd k Y a emuf Compile vk y f & ef t wG u f vbc <<Module
Name>> .vb udk ½dkufyg/ ,ckerlem program wGif vbc

Module 42.vb [k ½du
k &f ygrnf/ Line 22 onf trSm; (Error)

udk avhvmod&SdEkdifatmif wrifxnfhoGif;a&;xm;jcif; jzpfyg
onf/ xdk Line 22 \ tpwGif single quote (1) xnfrh xm;
bJ compile vkyfvQif error jyrnf jzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh
error udk od&SdjyD;onfhtcg xdk Line 22 \ tpwGif single
quote xnfhay;vkdufyg/ Single quote xnfhay;vkdufjcif;rSm
xkd Line udk rSwfcsuf (comment) tjzpf owfrSwfvkdufjcif;
jzpfygonf/ Typing trSm;aMumifh tjcm; error rsm; awGY&Sd
yguvnf; Notepad wGif jyefí jyifqifyg/ jyifíjyD;ygu
save jyefvkyfyg/ jyD;vQif vbc Module 42.vb udk½dkufí
compile jyefvy
k yf g/ Compile vky&f mwGif error r&Sad wmhygu
program udk run vkdY &EkdifjyD jzpfygonf/ Program udk run
&mwGif Command Program rSm << Module Name>>
udkom ½dkuf&ygrnf/
aemufxyf erlem program udk xyfrH avhvmygrnf/
0 1 Imports System.Console
02
0 3 Module Module43
04
Sub Main()
05
WriteLine(“Main
method
Module43”)
06
Call Module43A.Test()
07
Call Test()
08
End Sub
0 9 End Module
10
1 1 Module Module43A
12
Sub Test()
13
WriteLine(“Test
method
Module43A”)
14
End Sub
1 5 End Module
Program 7-2

in

in

Notepad wGif program tm; a&;í save vkyy
f g/ Save
vky&f mwGif File name udk "Module 43.vb" [k ay;&ygrnf/
,ckerlem program wGif Module ESpcf k a&;xm;onfukd
awGY&ygrnf/ ¤if;ESpfckwGif Module 43 twGif;ü Main ( )
method yg0ifjyD; Module 43 A wGif Main ( ) method
ryg0ifyg/ Save vkyfonfhtcgwGif Main ( ) method yg0if
onfh Module name ESifh save vkyf&ygrnf/
Program a&;om;yHkudk avhvmMunfhMuygpdkY/ t"du
avhvmrnfhtykdif;rSm Module wpfcktwGif;&Sdaom method
wpfckrS tjcm; Module wpfcktwGif;&Sdaom method rsm;udk

toHk;jyKjcif; jzpfygonf/
Line 06 wGif Call Module 43 A.Test ( ) [k a&;xm;
onfukd awGY&ygvdrrhf nf/ Test ( ) method udk ac:oH;k jcif;om

Zefe0g&?D 2008 185

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
jzpfygonf/ Test ( ) method rSm tjcm; Module xJwGif &Sd
aomaMumifh method name \a&SUwGif Module name udk
xnfha&;í Mum;wGif dot (.) jzifh jcm;aomyHkpHjzifh a&;&yg
onf/ Line 07 rSmuJhodkY Call Test ( ) [kvnf;a&;í ac:oHk;
Ekdifygonf/ odkY&mwGif Test ( ) method udk Module ESpfck
pvHk;wGif a&;xm;ygu Line 07 rSmuJhodkY Call Test ( ) [k
tvG,fa&;í r&Ekdifawmhyg/ Call Module Name.Method
Name ( ) [k a&;rS &ygrnf/
Program output udk azmfjyxm;ygonf/

rdru
d ,
dk w
f idk f vufawGYvyk &f mwGif yxrerlem program
7-1 wGif azmfjycJhonfh tqifhrsm;twkdif; compile vkyfjcif;?
Run jcif;wdkYudk qufvufvkyfaqmifyg/
Module cGJí a&;om;&mwGif pOf;pm;&rnfhtcsufwpfck
rSm Module wpfckrS tjcm;wpfckodkY ¤if;Module xJrSm&Sdae
aom vas rsm; Method rsm;udkay;í oHk;apjcif; odkYr[kwf
toH;k jyKcGihf (access) ay;jcif;yifjzpfygonf/ erlem program
jzifh xdktaMumif;udk avhvmMunfhygrnf/
0 1 Imports System.Console
02
0 3 Module Module44
04
Sub Main()
05
WriteLine(“Main method in
Module43”)
06
Call Module44A.Test1()
07
‘Call Module44A.Test2() ‘Error
08
Call Module44A.Test3()
09
End Sub
1 0 End Module
11
1 2 Module Module44A
13
Sub Test1()
14
WriteLine(“Default access
method in Module44A”)
15
End Sub
16
17
Private Sub Test2()
18
WriteLine(“Private access
method in Module44A”)
19
End Sub

186

uGefysLwm*sme,f

20
21
22

Public Sub Test3()
WriteLine(“Public access method
in Module44A”)
23
End Sub
2 4 End Module
Program 7-3

Program 7-3 wGif Module ESpfck a&;om;xm;ygonf/
Module 44 A udk t&ifavhvmygrnf/ ¤if; Module xJwGif
Method (3) ck yg&Sdygonf/ Method rsm; a&;om;xm;yHk
rSm Line 13 Sub Test 1 ( ) Line 17 Private Sub Test 2 ( )
ESifh Line 21 Public Sub Test 3 ( ) [lí uGJjym;aeygonf/
,cifu Sub keyword jzifhom pwifa&;om;cJhaomfvnf;
,cktcg sub keyword a&SUwGif Private ESifh Public wdkYudk

xnfhoGif;a&;om;xm;onfudk awGY&rnfjzpfonf/ (¤if;
Private ESihf Public wdYk ukd Access specifier [k ac:ygonf/
¤if;wdkYuJhodkY tjcm;aom Access Specifier rsm;vnf; &Sdyg
ao;onf / ) Method wpf c k t m; Private keyword
xnfhoGif;í Private jyKvkyfvkdufvQif xdk method udk tjcm;
aom Module rsm;rSaeí ac:,l toHk;rjyKEkdifawmhyg/
Public jyKvkyfxm;aom method udkrl tjcm;aom Module
rsm;rS ac:,ltoHk;jyKEkdifygvdrfhrnf/ Private ESifh Public
rxnfhxm;aom method rsm;udkvnf; tjcm; Module rsm;rS
ac:,l toHk;jyKEkdifygonf/
Module 44 udk avhvmMunfhygOD;rnf/ Line 06 wGif
Module 44 A rS Test 1 ( ) method udk ac:,ltoHk;jyKxm;
ygonf/ Test 1 ( ) method rSm Private keyword rsm;
xnfrh xm;onfh Default Access method jzpfojzifh toH;k jyK
Ekid yf gonf/ Line 07 wGif Module 44A rS Test 2 ( ) method
udk toHk;jyKxm;ygonf/ Test 2 ( ) method rSm Private
Access jzpfaomaMumifh toHk;jyKí r&Ekdifyg/ Line 08 wGif
Public Access jzpfom Test 3 ( ) method udk toHk;jyKxm;
ygonf/ Program output udkvnf; avhvmMunfhyg/

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
VB.NET language \ program statement rsm;onf
method wpfckcktwGif;üom a&;om;&onf/ method rsm;
rSmvnf; Module odkYr[kwf Class wpfckcktwGif;ü a&;om;
&onf/ Module ESifh Class rsm;onf Namespace wpfckck
twGif;wGif yg0if&onf/ Namespace taMumif; tenf;
i,f azmfjycsifygonf/ erlem program udkMunfhyg/
0 1 Imports System.Console
02
0 3 Namespace NS1
04
Module Module45
05
Sub Main()
06
WriteLine(“In the method Main”)
07
WriteLine(“Module45”)
08
WriteLine(“Namespace NS1”)
09
10
‘Call Test() ‘Error
11
‘Call Module46.Test() ‘Error
12
Call NS2.Module46.Test()
13
End Sub
14
End Module
1 5 End Namespace
16
1 7 Namespace NS2
18
Module Module46
19
Sub Test()
20
WriteLine(“In the method Test”)
21
WriteLine(“Module46”)
22
WriteLine(“Namespace NS2”)
23
End Sub
24
End Module
2 5 End Namespace
Program 7-4

yg&SdaomaMumifh save vkyfonfhtcg "Module45.vb" jzifh
save vkyf&ygrnf/
Line 10 wGif Call Test ( ) [ka&;í Test ( )method udk
ac:,ltoHk;jyKxm;ygonf/ odkYaomf Test ( )method rSm
tjcm;aom Namespace xJwGif&SdaomaMumifh Call Test ( )
[k wdkuf½dkuftoHk;jyKí r&Ekdifyg/ xdkYaMumifh ¤if; Line 10
udk comment jyKvkyfvkduf&ygvdrfhrnf/ Line 11 wGif Call
Module 46.Test ( )[k a&;xm;jyef&m Module 46 rSm tjcm;
Namespace xJrS Mod jzpfí wkduf½dkuf toHk;rjyKEkdifyg/
Line 11 udkvnf; comment jyKvkyf&ygrnf/
xdk Test ( ) method udk toH;k jyKEkid &f ef Line 12 rSmuJo
h Ykd
Call NS2. Module 46.Test ( ) [k a&;om;&rnfjzpfygonf/
a&;om;yHkrSm Namespace Name udk OD;pGma&;&jyD; Module
Name udk aemufwi
G af &;&ygonf/ aemufq;kH wGirf S Method
Name udk a&;&ygonf/ ¤if;wdkYtMum;wGif dot (.) jzifh jcm;
ay;&ygrnf/
Namespace Name. ModuleName.MethodName ( )

tykdif; (1) wGif azmfjycJhzl;aom
System.Console .WriteLine ( )

a&;om;yHkjzifh EdIif;,SOfMunfhEkdifygonf/ System rSm Namespace jzpf y gonf / Console rS m Class jzpf y gonf /
(Module ESifh Class rSm þae&mwGif oabmcsif;wlonf[k
rSwfEkdifygonf/) Writeline ( ) rSm method jzpfygonf/
Program.Output udk azmfjyay;xm;ygonf/

NameSpace a&;om;jcif;rSm vG,fulonf[k qdkEkdifyg
onf/ Namespace keyword ESifhpwifjyD; ¤if;aemufwGif
Namespace trnfyg0if&ygrnf/ aemufqHk;wGif End
Namespace ESihf tqH;k owf&ygrnf/ xdo
k Ykd a&;om;xm;aom
Namespace ESifh End Namespace Mum;wGif Module rsm;?
Class rsm;udk xnfhoGif;a&;om;EkdifjyDjzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumifh
Namespace \ oabmrSm trsKd;tpm;wl&m Module rsm;?
Class rsm;udk trnfwpfckay;í pkpnf;ay;xm;jcif;yifjzpfyg

onf/
erlem program wGif Namespace ESpfck a&;xm;yg
onf/ NS1 [k trnfay;xm;aom Namespace xJwGif
Module 45 trnfjzifh Module wpfck a&;xm;ygonf/ NS2
Namespace xJwGifvnf; Module 46 trnfjzifh Module
wpfck a&;xm;ygonf/ Module 45 xJwiG f Main ( ) method

,ckazmfjycJhaom tykdif; (7) wGif Module cGJa&;jcif;ESifh
Namespace taMumif;wdkYudk avhvm od&SdEkdifMurnfjzpfyg
onf/
xGe;f Zmenfausmf
qufvufazmfjyygrnf/

Zefe0g&?D 2008 187

0if;'d;k twGuf tajccH vrf;nTerf sm;

MICROSOFT

WORD 2007
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wufonfEiS hf pmpDpm½du
k f oifcef;pmtwGuf Microsoft Word udk pí oifMu&onf/
PageMaker udk trsm;oH;k aeMuíom Word udk arharhavsmah vsmh xm;vdu
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tjcm;aom Edik if H rsm;wGif 0if;'d;k pfpepfo;kH uGeyf sLwmrsm;ü Word udk oH;k Muonf/ Edik if &H yfjcm;
oabFmt&m&drS sm;ESihf ukrP
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jzpfí uGeyf sLwmorm;rsm; odxm;Mujy;D jzpfonf/ Version tajymif;tvJ aES;wwfonfh Microsoft Office onf ,cktcg Word 2007 odrYk [kwf Word version 12 tjzpf xGu&f x
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Microsoft Word

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Word odkYr[kwf Microsoft Word onf urÇmh

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Java Developer Guide

Chapter (5)
5.5 CERTIFICATION PRACTICE
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Structure awGudk oifMum; ydkYcs&mrSm Chapter wpfckNyD;wkdif;
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Certification practice

The following questions are the kind of
things you could expert to be asked on a
java programming certification test. Answer
that questions without looking inside the
Book's material.
Question(1)
1 . public class Aye Aye {
2 . int i = 40;
3 . int j;
4.
5 . public Aye Aye ( ) {
6 . SetValue (i + +);
7. }
8.
9 . void SetValue (int inputValue) {
10. int i = 20;
11. j = i + 1;
12. System.out.Println ("j = "+j");
13. }
14. }
What is the value of the j variable at the
time is displayed inside the SetValue( )
method?

Zefe0g&D? 2008 211

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
a . 42
b . 40
c . 21
d . 22

Analysis

1/ vkdif;eHygwf (1) rSm AyeAye qkdwJh primary class udk
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40 vdYk assign vkyx
f m;ygw,f/ vkid ;f eHygwf (5) rSmawmh
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212

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Certification Practice
Question(2)
1 . public class Cases {
2 . public static void main (String[]
arguments){
3 . float x = 9;
4 . float y = 5;
5 . int z = (int)(x/y);
6 . Switch (z) {
7 . case 1:
8 . x = x+2;
9 . case 2;
10. x = x + 3;
11. default;
12. x = x +1;
13. }
14. System.out.println ("Value of x:"+ x);
15. }
16. }
What will be the value of x When it is
displayed?
a . 9.0
b . 11.0
c . 15.0
d . The program will not compile.

Analysis
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f mvkyrf mS yg/
[kwfNyDaemf/ 'gayr,fh Case Statement udk toHk;jyK
&if break statement eJY wGNJ yD; toH;k jyK&wmaemf/ 'Dawmh
tay: Case 1 eJY nDcJh&ifqkdwJh tvkyftNyD;rSm atmufukd
qufqif;vmwmvnf; jzpfEkdifygw,f/ 'gaMumifh x
wefzkd;[m 11 jzpfaepOfrSm
x = x + 3;
x = 11 + 3;
x = 14 ; qkdNyD;rS qufaygif;wmvnf; rjzpfEkdifbl;
vm;/ odyfjzpfEkdifwmaygh/ tay:rSm break statement
rS rygwmyJ/ [kwfNyDaemf/ tckxufxd switch block

&JU tjyifudk ra&mufao;ygbl;/ qufvkyfaeOD;rSmygyJ/
vkdif;eHygwf (11) udk oGm;Munhfyg/
3/ Default tay:u code_line awG ysufuu
G cf &hJ if? bmrQ
r[kwfawmh&ifawmh
x = x + 1;
x = 9 + 1;
x = 10; vnf; jzpfEi
dk o
f vkd x wefz;dk value [m 14

&aewJh 'kwd,tqifh tawG;tac:t&
x = x +1;
x = 14 + 1;
x = 15; vnf; jzpfoGm;Ekdifygw,f/
NyD;awmh vkdif;eHygwf (13)rSm&SdwJh switch block &JU

uJ
tjyifukd xGuv
f mwmygyJ/ uJ 'Dawmh pmzwfoal wG;Munhyf g/
x wefz;dk [m 11 jzpfEi
dk o
f vdk x wefz;dk [m 12 yJvm;? 'grSr[kwf
14 yJvm;/ tqifhqifhaygif;oGm;NyD;awmh x = 15 yJvm;? x
=12 qkw
d hJ tajzuawmh answers_group rSmudk ryg0ifvmyg
bl;/
tJ'Daemuf vkdif;eHygwf (14) rSm System.Out.prinln
("Value of x :" + x) qdkNyD;rS x wefzkd;udk ½dkufxkwfxm;yg
w,f/ 'Dawmh answers_ group xJu a [m vHk;0 rjzpfEkdifyg

bl;/ b eJY c uawmh jzpfEkdifovdk The program will not
compile qkdwJh tajz d [mvnf; jzpfvmEkdifygw,f/ pmzwf
oludk,fwkdif trace vkdufNyD; wGufcsufMunfhyg/
Certification Practice
Question (3)
1 . Public Class Recursion {
2 . Public int dex = -1;
3.
4 . Public Recursion ( ) {
5 . dex = getValue (17);
6. }
7.
8 . Public int getValue (int dexValue){
9 . if (dexValue > 100)
10. Return dexValue;
11. else
12. Return getValue (dexValue * 2);
13. }
14.
15. Public Static Void main (String[ ]
arguments){
16. Recursion r = new Recursion( );
17. System.out.println (r.dex);
18. }
19. }
What will be
application?
a. - 1
b. 17
c. 34
d. 136

the

output

of

this

Analysis
1/ Recursion

qkdwJh class wpfckukd vdkif;eHygwf (1) rSm
a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'Daemuf int data type udk
toH;k jyKNyD;awmh dex qkw
d hJ variable udk Declare vkyyf g
w,f/ wefzkd;udkawmh -1 eJY assign vkyfxm;ygw,f/ 'D
ae&mrSm ta&;BuD;wmuawmh public keyword udk
toHk;jyKxm;jcif;yJjzpfygw,f/ NyD;awmh vkdif;eHygwf (4)
rSmrS constructor method jzpfwJh Recursion ( ) method udka&;om;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'DxJrSmrS tay:rSm Declare vkyfcJhwJh dex qkdwJh variable [m getvalue ( )
method eJYnDw,fvdkY assign vkyf,ljyefygw,f/ Get
Value ( ) method &JU parameter argument ae&mrSm
17 vdkY wefzkd;xnfhxm;w,faemf/ 'Dawmh getValue ( )
udk oGm;NyD;awmh avhvmMu&atmif/
GetValue ( ) method [m vkdif;eHygwf (8) uae (13)
Mum;rSm a&;om;xm;wmyg/ olY&JU parameter arguments ae&mrSm int data type udk toHk;jyKNyD;awmh dex

Zefe0g&D? 2008 213

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
vdkY xnhfoGif;xm;ygw,f/ 'Dawmh apmapmu
vkdif;eHygwf (5) rSm a&;om;xm;wJh getValue ( ) &JU
argument ae&mrSm yg0ifwhJ 17 [m 'Dae&mrSm dexValue
jzpfoGm;ygNyD/
uJ dexValue [m 100 xuf BuD;cJh&if if jzpfcJhvQifqkd
awmh dexValue [m 100 xuf BuD;aewmqkad wmh vkid ;f
eHygwf (10) rSm a&;om;xm;wJh tvkyfudk oGm;NyD; rvkyf
awmhygbl;/ Return dex Value; qkdwJh tvkyfudk rvkyf
awmhbl;aemf/
If statement eJY expression udk ppfaq;vkdufwJhtcgrSm
rjzpfcw
hJ t
hJ wGuf vkid ;f eHygwf (11) u else qkw
d hJ r[kwcf hJ
&ifawmh qkdNyD;rS vmNyD; tvkyfvkyfawmhrSmyg/ 'Dawmh
else &JUatmufu vkdif;eHygwf (12) rSm a&;om;xm;wJh
Value

Return getValue (dexValue* 2);

qkdwJh code_line udk tvkyfvmvkyfygawmhw,f/
t"dyÜm,fuawmh pmzwfoludk,fwkdifyJ csawG;Munhfyg/
rlv getValue( ) method eJY argument taeeJY xnhf
oGif;xm;wJh dexValue udk 2 eJY ajr§mufNyD;awmh return
jyefay;rSmygyJ/ 'Dawmh b,favmufjzpfoGm;rvJ/
Answer_group xJrmS xnho
f iG ;f xm;wJh C. tajzjzpfwhJ
34 rsm;vm;? 'grSr[kwf public keyword udk toHk;jyK
cJw
h t
hJ wGuf dex = -1 jzpfaeawmh dexValue taeeJY 17
vkdY assign vkyfwmudka&m vufcHEkdifyghrvm;/ pmzwfol
bufu jzpfEkdifwmudk rsKd;pHkawG;Munhfyg/
2/ Main ( )Function udkawmh vkdif;eHygwf (15) rSm a&;
om;ay;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'DxJrSm tay:u Recursion
class udk object_name vkYd ay;NyD;awmh ac:,lvu
kd yf gNyD/
'Dawmh recurssion class &JU constructor method
uvnf; tvdktavsmuf yg0ifvmNyDaygh/ tJ'DtcgrSm
Recursion method xJrSm yg0ifaewJh code_line awG
[ getValue ( ) function udk ac:,l toH;k csxm;wmawG]
uwpfqifh tvkyfqufvkyfOD;rSmygyJ/
NyD;&ifawmh &vmwJh return jyefvmwJhtajzukd Output
taeeJY vdkif;eHygwf (17) rSm ½dkufxkwfay;xm;ygw,f/
pmzwfoltaeeJY BudK;pm;NyD;awmh awG;Munhfyg/ vkdtyf
vm&if tJ'D program udk compile & run vkyfNyD;awmh
wGufxkwf avhvmMunfhyg/
Certification Practice
Question(4)
1 . import javax.swing.*;
2.

214

uGefysLwm*sme,f

3 . public class Display extends JFrame {
4 . public Display( ) {
5 . super ("Display");
6 . //answer goes here
7 . JLabel hello = new JLabel ("Hello");
8 . JPanel pane = new JPanel ( );
9 . pane.add(hello);
10. SetContentPane (pane);
11. Pack ( );
12. SetVisible (true);
13. }
14. public static void main (string [ ]
arguments){
15. Display ds = new Display( );
16. }
17. {
What Statement needs to replace // answer
goes here in order to make the application
function properly?
a . SetSize (300,200);
b . SetDefaultCloseOperation

(JFrame:

EXIT_ON_ CLOSE);
c . Display ds = new Display ( ) ;
d . No Statement is needed.

Analysis
1/ 'D Program uawmh pmzwfot
l wGuf t&rf; vG,u
f yl g
vdrrfh ,f/ vkid ;f eHygwf (6) u Double Slash// ESpcf ck NH yD;
a&;xm;wJh //anser goes here qkdwJhae&mrSm xnhfoGif;
&r,fh code_line udk pOf;pm;NyD;awmh jznfhoGif;ay;&
rSmyg/ 'Dawmh zefwD;xm;wJh program udk avhvmMunhf
Mu&atmif/ Import javax.swing.*; qkdwJh package
udk ac:wifxm;ygw,f/ NyD;awmh Display qkdwJh class
udk a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ JFrame Class udk extends
vkyfNyD;awmh wnfaqmufxm;wmyg/ NyD;awmh constructor.function udk vkdif;eHygwf (4) rSm vmNyD;awmh

a&;om;ay;xm;ygw,f/
tJ'Daemuf JLabel wpfckudk hello qkdwJh name ay;
NyD;awmh zefwD;ygNyD/ NyD;awmh JPanel Class udk ac:NyD;
pane qkdNyD;rS object_name ay;ygw,f/ NyD;awmh
JPanel &JU container xJudk xnhfoGif;vkdufygw,f/
'gaMumifh
pane.add (hello);

vdkY a&;om;xm;wmyJ jzpfygw,f/
2/ tJ'DxJrSm a&;om;xm;wmawGuawmh pmzwfoltaeeJY

uGeyf sLwmoifcef;pm
eJY ywfoufwmawGrSm tjrJwrf;
awGUjrifaeusqkdawmh tus,fcsJUNyD;awmh r&Sif;jyawmhyg
bl;/ 'Dawmh vkid ;f eHygwf (6) rSm xnho
f iG ;f &r,fh answer
[m
a. setsize (300,200); yJvm;
swing component

b.

SetDefaultCloseOperation (JFrame.EXIT_
ON_ CLOSE); yJvm;
pmzwfoltaeeJY awG;NyD; pOf;pm;Munfh&rSmyg/ c & d

uawmh rjzpfEidk w
f m aocsmygw,f/ uReaf wmf&h UJ tjrifukd
ajymjywmaemf/ rSm;csif&ifvnf; rSm;rSmaygh/ tajzudk
rpOf;pm;Ekid &f ifawmh answer_group xJu tajzwpfrsKd;
csif;pDukd xnho
f iG ;f NyD;awmh compile vkyMf unfv
h u
kd af ygh
aemf/ uJ pmzwfol&JU uRrf;usifwwfajrmufrIukd udk,f
wkdifyJ test vkyfNyD;awmh pOf;pm;ygawmh/
Certification Practice
Question (5)
1 . import java.awt.*;
2 . import javax.swing.*;
3.
4 . public class AskFrame extends JFrame{
5 . public AskFrame( ){
6 . SetDefaultCloseOperation (JFrame.EXIT_
ON_CLOSE);
7 . Container pane = getContentPane( );
8 . JSlider Value = new JSlider (0, 225,
100);
9 . pane.add(value);
10. SetSize (450, 150);
11. SetVisible (true);
12. SetContentPane (pane);
13. Super( );
14. }
15.
16. public static

Void

main

(String[]

arguments){
17. AskFrame af = new AskFrame ( );
18. }
19. }
What will happen when you attempt to compile
and run this source code?
a . It compiles without error and runs
correctly.
b. It compiles without error and does not
display anything in the frame.

c . IT does not compile because of the
super ( )statement.
d . It does not compile because of the
SetContentPane( )Statement.

Analysis
1/ 'D program rSmvnf; xH;k pHtwkid ;f ygyJ/ Swing & AWT
Package awGudk import & Declare vkyfxm;ygw,f/
NyD;awmh AskFrame qkw
d hJ primary class udk a&;om;yg
w,f/ tJ'D class &JU constructor method xJrSm zef
wD;xm;wJh code_line awGudk avhvmMunhfyg/ JSlider
wpfckudk value vdkY object_name ay;NyD;awmh zefwD;
xm;ygw,f/ vkdtyfvm&if JSlider eJYywfoufwJh oif
cef;pm 5.1 udk oGm;NyD;awmh jyefveS f avhvmoifyh gw,f/
uJ 'DtcgrSmawmh 'D program udk compile vkyw
f t
hJ cgrSm
answer_group u
a &JU tajzvkd compile udk error r&SdbJeJY vkyfEkdifovkd rSefrSef
uefuef runs vkyfay;Ekdifyghrvm;¿
b &JU tajzvkdrsKd; error r&SdbJeJYawmh compile vkyfoGm;yg&JU/
Run vkdufwJhtcgrSm ay:vmwJh JFrame ay:rSm bmrQ vm

rjybJrsm; jzpfaerSmvm;¿ awG;Munhf&rSmaemf/
c rSm a&;xm;ovdkrsKd;rsm; compile udk rvkyfEkdifygbl;/ bm
aMumifhvJqkdawmh super ( ) method aMumifhvdkY qkdxm;yg
w,f/
'grSr[kwf d rSm a&;xm;ovdkrsKd;rsm; compile rvkyf
Ekid yf gbl;wJ/h SetcontentPane( )method aMumifyh gyJqw
dk mudk
vufcH&rSmygyJ/
'Dawmh azmfjyxm;wJh answer_group xJu wpfckckudk
awmh pmzwfol a&G;cs,f&rSmygyJ/ uRefawmft
h aeeJY tckvuf&dS
Question (5) txd Certification Practice taeeJY ykdYcsay;
cJhygw,f/ pmzwfoludk,fwkdif ,ckvuf&Sd oifcef;pmtxd
Java Developer Guide VOL-I vdYk owfrw
S x
f m;wJh Chapter
(1) to Chapter(5) txdudk aMuaMunufnuf avhvmvdYk&&if
ay;xm;wJh Certification Practice Question awGudk
tvG,fwul ajzqkdEkdifrSmygyJ/
qufvuf ydkYcsay;r,fh Java Developer Guide VOLII rSmawmh JAVA Language &JU usef&Sdaeao;wJhtqifhjrifh
Features awGudk oifMum; ydkYcsay;xm;ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh
usef&Sdaeao;wJh JAVA Programming taMumif;udk quf
vuf avhvmMunhfMuygpdkY/
KYAW ZAYAR LAY [ IT ENGINEERING ]

Zefe0g&D? 2008 215

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