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A. CPU :

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uae a':vm 50 twGif; usoifhEdkifygw,f/

B. CPU Cooler:

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E. Hard Drive: Video Files, Photos, Personal, data awG

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14

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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I. Sound Card (yHkwGif jyrxm;yg) : oih&
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16

uGefysLwm*sme,f

rsKd; vdkcsif&if SoundBlaster Audigy-series card awG
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rS 125 a':vmtwGif; usoihfEdkifygw,f/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

20

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uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

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21

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PAUL OTELLINI
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23

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BILL GATES
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ENTERTAINMENT

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John C. Dvorak

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THE BIG PICTURE

Energy Efficiency

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BILL MACHRONE
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29

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COLIN ANGLE
Cofounder and CEO, IROBOT Corp

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34

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PHILIP ROSEDALE
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36

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kH pfr
MuD;&Sdaernfudkom jrifa,mifaeonf/
Data rSeo
f rQ web wGif odr;f qnf;xm;
Murnf jzpfouJhodkY online applications rsm;udkom toHk; csaeMuayawmh
rnf/ wpfenf;qkd&aomf uGefysLwm
vkyfief;pOftm;vHk; aumif;uifay:u
rkd;om;rdk;wdrfrsm;qDudk ydkYxm;Muvdrhf
rnf/
odkY&mwGif P.T Barnum qkdolurl
rdepfwidk ;f arG;zGm;vmMurnfo
h rl sm;onf
vlEv
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l rsm;om jzpfvrd rfh nfr[kwjf cif;
aMumifh aemif 5 ESpf? 25 ESpf odkYr[kwf
ESpaf ygif; 500 wkid f rajymif;rvJ wnf&dS
OD;rnf[k rSwfcsufjyK ajymqkdcJhygonf/
rnfodkYyifqkdap ,ckrsufarSmufumv
wGif jzpfap? aemiftem*wfwGifjzpfap
common sense omvQif vHkjcHKa&;
tajz&SmrIwidk ;f twGuf essential jzpfae
ygvdrhfrnf/

38

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

twkdif; &SdaeapcJhw,f/ Gordon Moore &JU MudKwifa[mudef;u vaygif; 18 vuae
24 vavmuf a&mufvmwJhtcgwkdif; Chip wpfckay:rSm toHk;jyKxm;wJh x&efppöwm
ta&twGuu
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k wGi;f
&&Sdvmr,fh wlnDrIudk &oGm;apr,fh system - level performance vkdY qkd&ygvdrhfr,f/
pGrf;aqmif&nfaMumifh wefzkd;wpfckqDudk a&mufvmapw,f/ b,fvkdyifjzpfjzpf
uGefysLwmvkyfief;awGu vGefcJhwJh ESpftenf;i,ftxd yg0gwHwkdif;wpfckudk awmif;qkdvm
wJhtcg multi-core implement awGeJY wkHYjyef vkyfaqmifjzpfcJhMuw,f/ wu,fvdkYom
ENTERTAINMENT

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jzpfaeaprnfh
zefqif;urÇm
Jim Louderback
Editor-in-Chief, 2005-2007

vmrnfh 5 ESpw
f m umvudk ½Iajrmf
Munh f c J h o nf & S d a omf HDTV onf
tHhzG,faumif;avmufaom pau;jzifh
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ydMk uD;MuD;rm;rm; oH;k vmMujcif;? aps;EIe;f
ydkrdk csKdomvmMujcif;ESifh resolution
jrifhwufvmjcif;wkdYudk awGUjrifMu&ap

ygvdrhfrnf/ 1080 p barrier rsm;onf
4096 ESifh txufudkay;um Muufao
aooGm;avmufaom photorealism
rsm;twGuf vrf;rsm;ay;oGm;vdrhfrnf/
Wacky new designs rsm;twGuf
½Iajrmfum rnfonfhae&mwGif rnfodkY
toHk;csrnfudk optimized vkyfay;cJh
onf/ rD;zkad csmifwiG f toH;k jyK&eftwGuf
a&pkdcH tMurf;cH obm0&Sdaom avocado-colored flat panels rsm; wyf
qifMuawmhrnf/ axmywfo;D a&mifjzifh
jyKvkyx
f m;onfh yHak zmfrsuEf mS jyif tjym;
pm;rsm; jzpfonf/ em;aecef;rsm;wGif
faux-wood screen rsm; wyfqifxm;
Muvdrhfrnf/ a&csKd;cef;rsm;wGifvnf;
a<uom; displays rsm;udk chrome

vmrnfh 25 ESpw
f m enf;ynmc&D;pOf
'DtcgrSm oH;k pGo
J al wGuvnf; core rsm;av ydak umif;avvdYk vGrJ mS ;pGm,HMk unfomG ;apw,f/
trsm;pkuawmh vGefcJhwJh q,fpkESpfumvu clock - rate &JU ESdyfpufrIudk awmifhcHcJhMu&
w,f/ 'gawGu wu,fhukd vkdtyfwmvm;qkdwmuawmh ar;p&mygyJ/
2005 ckESpftwGif; tar&duefjynfaxmifpk data centers awGu rpöpöyDjynfe,f
wpfckvHk; oHk;wJh vQyfppf"mwftm; yrmPavmuf oHk;pGJjzpfcJhMuw,f/ wDADGawG? yDpDawGeJY
qJvfzkef;awGtMum; a0a00g;0g; jzpfaecJh&wJhtavsmuf tJ'Dud&d,mawG&JU integration
awGudk qkdvdkwm jzpfw,f/ Raw performance omru ta&;wMuD; wkd;wdk;vmwJh udpö
awG jzpfwJh 'Dudpaö wGu vkyfief;orm;awGudk pdefac:vdkufwmygyJ/ 'gawGudk atmifjrifpGm
ausmfvTm;EdkifzdkY OD;wnfaqmif&Guf,lr,fqkd&ifawmh rdrdwdkYtaeeJY Moore's Law &JU graph
udk ausmfvGefzdkY qef;opfwDxGifrIawG vkyf&ef vdkvmvdrfhr,f/
rMumao;cifu tJ'Dvkd Moore's Law &JU abmifudk ausmfoGm;apwJh vrf;aMumif;
opfeJY qef;opfrIawGudk microprocessor vkyfief;awGrSm jrifvmpjyKjyD jzpfw,f/ 32 bit eJY 64 - bit tMum; wpfom;wnf; jzpfapzdkY integration vkyfay;wJh 64 bit computing &JU yg0gudk vkyfay;cJhwmudk wtHhwMo awGUMu&w,f/ &&csi;f yJ aps;uGufudk ta&mufydkY
jzpfcJhygw,f/ One Laptop Per Child qkw
d hJ yPmrajcvSr;f rSmyJ wpfurÇmvHk;u uav;
awGqDudk tifwmeuf toHk;jyKcGifh&EkdifwJh business model opftjzpf qef;opfpGm
wDxGifEkdifcJhMuw,f/
pGrf;tifukd xda&mufpGm toHk;cszkdYqkdwm qufvuf ywfoufae&OD;rSm jzpfw,f/
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&vdrhfr,f/ tJ'gu computing efficiency udk xyfydk; wkd;yGm;oGm;aprSm jzpfw,f/ low
- power cores u x86 instruction awGudk devices awGxJ ,lvmvdrhfr,f/ tJ'DrSmu
avmavmq,f non- x86 chips awGudk oHk;xm;wm jzpfw,f/ HDTVs wdkY? handheld
wdkYeJY personal video recorders awGvdk devices awGudk qkdvdkwm jzpfw,f/ Specific
usage scenarios twGuf monolithic silicon system awGudkyif optimize vkyf,lvdrfh
r,f/ jyD;&if data centers awGudk video-enabled mobile devices awG jzpfapvdrfhr,f/

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ajc trsm;MuD;&Sw
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wJh processors awGukd vkyzf Ykd enf;vrf;awG
&SmzdkY ukd,fwkdif pdefac:aeMuvdkYyJ jzpfw,f/
'D[mawGu accessible eJY relevant awG
ydkjyD; jzpfxGef;aprSm jzpfw,f/ rarQmfvifhwJh
ae&mu pdefac:rIwpf&yfvdkY ajymEkdifw,f/
q,fpEk pS w
f pfcpk mavmuftwGuf exponential transistor density \ tusKd;
&v'fawGudk qufvufwkd;jr§ifh cHpm;vdrfhOD;
r,f/ 'gayr,fh 'gwpfckwnf;eJYawmh customer twGuf wefzdk; &SdapEkdifrSm r[kwfyg
bl;/ 'DtcsdefrSmawmh vkyfief;orm;awG
taeeJY enf;ynm cefYrSef;wGufqrIawGeJY
tem*wfudk t"dyÜm,fjzpfaprSm r[kwfyg
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awG & J U vd k t yf c suf trS e f t uef a y:ud k
½IarQmfjyD; b,fvkdaumif;atmif vkyfMurvJ
qkdwJh tajctaeawG &SdaerSm jzpfw,f/
wpfenf;ajym&&if microprocessor vkyf
ief;XmeawGu vuf&dS &Sad ewJh IT eJY jzpfvm
apr,fh IT udk qufoG,fay; &r,fhtcsdef
a&mufaejyD jzpfygw,f/

abmifvyk í
f wyfqifxm;&Srd nfh jrifuiG ;f
rsm; &Sdvdrhfrnf ponfjzifh arQmfrSef;
wGufqEdkifygonf/ 10 ESpfausmfoGm;
aomtcg stereoscopic imaging qkd
onfh u@onf MuD;us,fvmrnf/ 8

jzifh rMumrD ½kyfjrifoHMum;uGef&ufrsm;
ESifh cable channels \ yHkpHonf
wpfrsKd;wpfrnf jzpfoGm;vdrhfrnf/ rwl
nDaom networks rsm;rSwpfqifh digital viewing devices yHkpHtaetxm;

av;rsm;jzif h
rsufrSefrsm; wyfqif toHk;jyKMuvdrhf
rnf/ rsufpdwpfzufwpfjcrf;pD wyfqif
ay;xm;onfh yHkpHrsKd; jzpfonf/
wyfqifolrsm;tydkif;u@tae
megapixel displays

Future Concept Design : Healthy Handheld
usef;rma&;ESifh ywfoufí toHk;csEkdifrnfh w,fvDzkef;udk awmifudk&D;,m;rS
w,fvDzkef;xkwfvkyfa&;ukrÜPD Partech twGuf umvDzdk;eD;,m; aumvdyf
ausmif;om;wdkY yl;aygif;wnfaqmufxm;aom 'DZkdif;wpfckjzpfonf/ ¤if;onf
emotional networking \ yg0gudk uMudK;wefqmqifxm;onf/ NASA technology udk toHk;csí dietary udk w,fvDzkef;jzifh qef;opfaom 'DZkdif;rsm;twGuf
zefwD;&mwGif vlodrsm;jyD;jzpfaom CCA rS y½dk*&rf'DZkdif;q&m Yves Behar ESifh
yl;aygif; wDxGif a&;om;xm;cJhonf/

rwf? 2008

39

rsuEf mS zH;k aqmif;yg;
trsKd;rsKd;jzifh xkwfvTifhonfh yHkpHrsm;
jzpfvmvdrrfh nf/ rdrw
d Ykd twGuf ud,
k yf ikd f
wpfudk,fa&oHk; uGef&ufrsm;jzifh toHk;
jyKMuawmhrnfhoabmjzpfonf/ wpfOD;
pD twGuf wpfukd,fa&oHk; r*¾Zif;awG?
iTunes radio ESifh TV awGudk xkwfjyef
ay;aeonfh RSS reader obm0rsKd;
jzpfonf/ Super bowl ESifh tjcm;
block-buster rsm; &SdjrJ&Sdaeygvdrhfrnf/
okdYaomf network TV wpfcktaejzifh
You Tubs rSwpfqifh MunhfMu&onfh
yHkoP²mefom &Sdaernf/
25 ESpfcefYMumoGm;aomtcgwGifrl
virtual space twGif; ajcvSrf;0ifEkdif
vdrhfrnf/ w[DwDurf;ajcwpfae&m
vrf;avQmufciG rhf sm;? urÇmt
h wkid ;f twm
wpfcktxd vrf;ckvwfwpfae&mwGif
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&Muygvdrhfrnf/ orm;½dk;us ½kyf&Sif
o½kyfaqmifrsm;ae&mwGif lifecasters
rsm; tpm;xdk;vmapvdrfhrnf/ ,ck
csucf si;f twlwuG aexkid Ef idk rf nfah e&m
rsm;rS zdwfac:rIrsm; &SdvmMurnf/
aemufqHk;wGif Zmwfvrf;yHkjyifrsm; ajym
Mum;rItwGuf pmtkyfpmayrsm; ae&m
wGif ½kyf&Sifrsm;? AD'D,dkrsm;ESifh 'pf*spf
w,f yHk&dyfrsm;jzifh toHk;cs wifqufrI
rsm;yif &SdvmzG,f&m &Sdonf/
vlaerIb0tm;vHk;udk high-definition toGifjzifh rSwfwrf;wifMuap

jyD; 360 'D*&D AD'D,kdESifh audio rsm;
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twGif; microchip rsm; xnhfoGif;&if;
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Murnf/ touf 18 ESpfatmuft&G,f
rsm;twGuf wm;jrpfxm;oifhaom jrif
uGif;rsm;udkvnf; wpfrsKd;wpfzHk pOf;pm;
pDpOfxm;&SdEkdifygvdrhfrnf/
NETWORKING

Grid [lonfh

oHueG f&ufMu;D u
ae&m,l jcif;
Oliver Rist

aqmifMuOf;ay;rIyrmPESifhtwl
pwifaqmif&GufapcJhonf/ aemif 10
ESpfwmwGif copper ay:jzwfí wpf
puúefYvQif 10 gigabit EIef;xm;&&Sdaom
Ethernet onf ydr
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onfhtavsmuf ay:jyLvmtjzpfqHk;
network medium taejzifh GigabitEthernet qkdonfht&monf tpm;xkd;
ae&m,lvmvdrhfrnf/ avmavmq,f

odcsifpdwf jyif;jyrIrsm;rSm 40 GbE ESifh
100 GbE wdkYonf high-end networks twGuf standards topf jzpf
vmvdrrhf nfqadk om tcsuyf ifjzpfonf/
TCP/IP onf 5 ESpftwGif; IPv 6
qDoYkd ajymif;vJ&if;&Sad evdrrhf nf qkad om
taMumif;rSm IPv4 onf address
space wGif r&SdawmhaomaMumifh jzpf
onf/
Wireless networking onf
tcsdeftwkdif;twmwpfcktwGif; wired
networks rsm;udk tpm;xd;k rnf[k awG;
xm;rdMurnf jzpfaomfvnf; rSm;,Gif;
oGm;aponf/ taMumif;rSm aygif;qHkrI
enf ; ynmrsm;\ twk d i f ; tq jref
qefaejcif;aMumifh jzpfonf/ AD'D,kd
pD;aMumif;rsm; toHrsm;ESifh ½IyfaxG;
aom *dr;f wk;d yGm;vmrIrsm;twGuf yDpu
D kd
hubs ozG,f toHk;cs,lMuonf/ rdrd
wdkY\ home networks rsm;onf application wpfckxufydkí vnfywf
aomtcg wireless networks onf
good old copper rsm;ESifh qufxdef;
rxm;Ekid af wmhay/ Wireless networks
onf wired yHkpHuJhodkY traffic flow udk
pDrH uGyu
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onf video streaming acsmarGU ajyjypf
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aqmifMuOf;ay;rIyrmP wkd;wuf
vmrIESifh protocol rsm; ydkíaumif;rGef

Future Concept Design : Get Smart Watch
R66 mobile device onf Rhode Island School \ 'DZkdif; MIT Solar
School \ pDrHuGyfuJrIESifh Helsinki University \ enf;ynmwdkYudk Nokia rS
yl;aygif; pkpnf;&if; wDxGifxm;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ c&D;oGm;jcif;? ajryHkMunfhjcif; GPS
oHk;jcif;ESifh location - aware feature rsm;udk vufnd§K;av;wdkY½HkrQjzifh yHhydk;aqmif

&Gufay;Ekdifonf/ xdkYtwl vufywfem&DyHkpHjyKxm;jcif;aMumifh vufywfem&Dtjzpf
vnf; toHk;csEkdifonf/ R66 wGif multitouch removable screen ESifh smart
interface wkdY yg0ifxm;&Sdonf/ rdrdtwGuf vrf;jywpfa,muf&&Sdxm;onfh
tvm; 0wfqiftoHk;jyKEkdifygonf/

42

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

vmrnfh 25 ESpw
f m enf;ynmc&D;pOf
grid computing udk vdkufavsmnDaxG

vmjcif;onfom taxmuftultjzpf
qHk; jzpfonf/ odkYaomf networking
\ tem*wf rsufESmpmwGif tenf;yg;
qHk; arQmfvifhcsufa&mifjcnf jzpfae&
onf/ ,aeYtcsdeftcgrSmyif network
speeds yDpDwpfvHk;csif;ay:rS jzpfap?
tifwmeufay:rSjzpfap vnfywfae
aom toHk;csaqmhzf0Jrsm;tMum; 0g;
wm;wm;om &Sdaeygao;onf/ odkY&m
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onf Sun Grid odkYr[kwf Amazon's
Elastic Compute Cloud wkdYuJhodkY
aom utility-computing providers
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rsm; iSm;&rf;Muonf/ vkyfief;wpfckrS
Web server twGuf extra horsepower vdktyfvmvQif em&DESifh ydkrkd0,f
,lEkdifrnfhoabm jzpfonf/ xkdenf;
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umvrsm;wGif ododomom ½IyfaxG;
aom vkyfief;pOfrsm; yg0ifaeojzifh

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provider wpfOD;OD;xHrS ½dk;&Sif;pGmyif
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machine toHk;csaqmhzf0JtcsKdU vnf
ywfaeapjyD; CPU twGujf zpfap? storage twGufjzpfap? odkYwnf;r[kwf
video performance twGufjzpfap
network tay: optimized jzpfap&ef
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tMum; tifwmeufudk ,ckxuf ydkjyD;
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jrifMu&zG,f&Sdonf/ jrefqefrI EIef;xm;
rsm;ESifhtwl ydkípdwfcs&aom security
rsm; &S d v mum global commerce
twGuf fair rules rsm; &Sdvmaprnfh
tjyif owif;tcsuftvuf zvS,f&m
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jzpfap tvGefjrefqefonfh networking technologies udkvnf; toHk;jyK
&rnf/ xkdYaemuf businesses rsm;ESifh
consumers rsm; ESpfOD;ESpfzuf ukefus
p&dwf oufompGmjzifh &&Sdrnfh tajc
taersm; rMumrD a&muf&Sdvmawmhrnf
[k qE´rsm;? arQmfvifhcsufrsm; xm;Ekdif
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OD;aomif;0if; (yef;cs,&f )D

rwf? 2008

43

uGeyf sLwmtufaq;

uRefawmfeJY raemod uGefysLwm
odrYk [kwf
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pdwf&if;apwemtrSefudk em;vnfrI
vGrJ mS ;aewmaMumifh jzpfygw,f/ txif

44

uGefysLwm*sme,f

vGjJ cif;? em;vnfrI vGrJ mS ;jcif;awGaMumifh
jzpfay:vm&wmyJ jzpfygw,f/ aocsm
qef;ppfMunfyh g/ 'DtjzpfrsKd;awGyJ awGY&
ygvdrfhr,f/ 'gaMumifhom apwemu

a0'emjzpfjyD; qufqHrIawG wif;rmvm
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rwf? 2008

45

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Office

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Ref : BusinessWeek
March 12 2007

rwf? 2008

47

New Products

2 megapixel webcom

Built-in touchpad

Dell XPS One
Apple rS iMac qdkwJh uGefysLwmudk &ifaygifwef;jyEkdifzdkY
Dell rS XPS one qdkwJh all-in-one PC udk xkwfvdkufwm
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50

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2399 a':vm jzpfygw,f/

rwf? 2008

51

NEW PRODUCTS
Fujitsu Lifebook U810
Ultra-Mobile PC trsK;d tpm;jzpfw,f/ rMumrDtcse
d t
f wGi;f
handheld PCs awG vTrf;rdk;vmawmhr,fh t&dyfta,mifawG awGY
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5-inch screen

ajymEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ owfrSwfa&mif;aps;u 999 a':vmyJ&SdwmrdkY
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apygw,f/ xl;jcm;csufuawmh convertible tablet PC awGvdk
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display unit udk vdktyfwJh vm;&myHkpHjyK vSnfhxm;EkdifwmyJjzpf
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1GBDDR2 SDRM eJY 40GB hard drive wdYk ukd wyfqifxm;ay;
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pdwfcsvufcsoHk;Ekdifovdk battery life uvnf; tvGefaumif;ygw,f/ Cellular broadband ryg&Sdwmudkvnf; tm;enf;csuf
taeeJY ajymEkdifygvdrfhr,f/ 'gayr,fh finger print reader wpfck? webcam wpfck yg0ifwJhtjyif bluetooth eJY Wi-Fi pGrf;
aqmifEkdifrIaMumifh toHk;jyKolrsm; tqifajyoGm;apygw,f/

Asus Eee PC 4G

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52

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ports oHk;ckay;xm;um SD/memory stick wdkYtwGuf card
reader vnf; yg&Sdygw,f/

NEW PRODUCTS

Zune 80 GB

Zune 8GB

iPod classic xuf MuD;rm;wJh
screen wyfxm;w,f/

xuf ao;i,fwJh screen
wyfxm;w,f/
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Touch sensitive control pad

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54

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a&mif;aps;u a':vm 200 jzpfygw,f/

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Fuji FinePix S8000fd
8 megapixel superzoom vnf;jzpfw,f/ toHk;uswJh
feature awGvnf;ygw,f/ D-SLR vdk pGrf;aqmif&nfawGvnf;
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lens udk wyfay;xm;wJt
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Samsung P2

480 x 272
pixel touch
screen

56

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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T-Mobile Shadow
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Toshiba Satellite M200-P431
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cGifhjyKay;xm;ygao;w,f/ Optical drive taeeJY DVD -RW super dual layer wyfqifay;xm;cJhw,f/ toHk;jyKolawG
tqifajyapzdkY web camera wpfvHk; 5 -in-1 Card Reader wpfck Finger print unit wpfckudkvnf; jznfhqnf;ay;xm;jyef
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MSI-GX400 Notebook
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62

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Genius G Pen 450
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card jzpfonf/ 800 MHz Core yg&SdjyD; 512 MB GDDR4
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64

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66

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w,f/ 'gaMumifh wcsKdU script awG[m trSm;t,Gif;awG
&SEd ikd jf yD; ,HMk unfpw
d cf s&rI &Scd sifrS &Syd gvdrrfh ,f/ Script wdik ;f rSm
awGU&wwfwJh 'comments' awGudk t&ifqHk;zwf½I&ygr,f/
stylelish (add.on open source) uawmh vli,f uGefysLwm
y½d*k &rfrmawGtwGuf ydjk yD; oihaf wmfygw,f/ oluvnf; extension manager wpfck jzpfwJhtjyif ydkjyD;xl;jcm;wmu y½dk

*&rfrif;taMumif; euef;wpfvHk;awmif em;rvnfwJh vlawG
udk udk,fydkif Add on tao;pm;av;awG a&;om;Edkifatmif
zefwD;ay;xm;ygw,f/
tJ'D t"duZmwfaumifav;rsKd;udk t&if &,lxm;&ygvdrfh
r,f/ home user orm;awGtwGufyJ jzpfap? cybercafe
user awGtwGufyJ jzpfap tJ'Dav;rsKd;pvHk;[m tvG,fwul
install vkyfEdkifygw,f/
1.
2.
3.
4.

firefox (http://www.mozilla.org .mozilla)
Greasemonkey (http://www.greasespot .net)
userscript (http://www.user-script.org)
stylelish (http://www.userstyles.org/stylish)
Firefox uawmh uGefysLwmwdkif;vdkvdkrSm &SdjyD;jzpfrSmyg/
userscript uvnf; Email account wpfck vkyo
f vdrk sK;d register vkyf&wmrsKd; jzpfwJhtwGuf rcufcJvSygbl;/ GreaseMonkey eJY stylelish uawmh wnfaqmufyHk twlwljzpfjyD;
install vkyfyHkcsif;uvnf; cyfqifqifwljyD; vG,fulyg

w,f/

1/ browser bar rSm 'http://www.grease-monkey.net' vkdY
½dkufyg/
2/ grease monkey &JU rdcif home page usvmygvdrhfr,f/
nmbuf tv,faxmihfrSm 'download greast monkey'
udk click ESdyfyg/

3/ Firefox &JU add-ons page twGif;udk jyefa&mufoGm;jyD;
page wpfck ay:vmygvdrhfr,f/ Install vkyfrvm;vdkY
vnf; ar;ygvdrhfr,f/

4/ 'install' button
av;udk click ESdyfyg/
5/ install vkyfcsdef wpfrdepfom Mumjrihfygvdrhfr,f/
6/ jyD;&if 'browser' udk restart jyefvkyfzdkY command
ay;ygvdrhfr,f/ ('grSr[kwf&ifvnf; 'close' button eJY
browser udk cPydwv
f u
kd yf g/)
7/ cP ydwfvdkufjyD;wmeJY browser udk jyefzGihfyg/ 'status
bar' &JU nmbufaxmifhrSm 'grease monkey' icon
ao;ao;uav; awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/ tJ'D arsmufuav;
jyHK;aewJhtcsdef [m 'add-ons' awG touf0ifaejyD;
(enabled) ?arsmufuav;rJhaecJh&ifawmh
rawmfwq
cvkwfrSm;ESdyfrdvdkY (disabled) toufrJhaewmyg/ tJ'Dvdk
'enabled/disabled' vkyfzdkY[m odyfvG,fygw,f/ arsmuf
i,fav; icon ay:udk click ESdyfvdkuf½HkeJYudk &ygr,f/
8/ Grease Monkey &JU 'Manager control' udk menu bar
rSm oGm;MunfhEdkifygw,f/ 'options' menu udk click ESdyf
vdkufwJhtcgrSm ay:vmwJh box xJuae 'Add-ons' udk
a&G;yg/ jyD;awmh 'Manage scripts' udk Click ESdyfyg/
9/ Grease Monkey &JU 'Manager' box udk a&muf&SdygjyD/

rwf? 2008

67

uGefysLwmtaxGaxG
b,f b uf panel rS m uawmh add-ons awG & J U
acgif;pOf? trnfawG &Sdygw,f/
B. 'Edit' udk Click ESdyf&if; system xJrSm&SdwJh '*.js' file
awG &SmazGay;r,fh explore box usvmygr,f/
C. included pages qdkwm[m wu,fvdkY udk,f install
vkyfvdkufwJh add-ons twGuf vkyfaqmifay;r,fh
vdyfpmudk jyxm;wmyg/
D. unistall uawmh rvdkwmawGudk select ay;jyD ;
tvG,fwul zsufxkwfEdkifygw,f/
10/ aemufwpfcgawGrSm 'userscripts' uae jzpfap? wjcm;
ae&mawGujzpfap? script wpfckudk install vkyfvdkufwJh
tcgrSm (tJ'D script awG[m (.js) extentions awGeJY
qHk;ygvdrhfr,f/) 'D 'Manage control' xJudk a&muf&Sd
ygvdrhfr,f/
A.

6/ status bar rSm&SdwJh stylish icon udk click ESdyf&if manage styles ay:vmygr,f/ write
udk click
ESdyfyg/ stylish &JU control xJ a&mufygr,f/ tcke code
udk copy + paste vkyfyg/ add style xJrSm color ae&mrSm
'black' vdkY tpm;xdk;jyD; save vkyfyg/ descriptions qdkwJh
ae&mrSm page &JU web address udk ½dkufyg/ 'www.
google.com' jyD;&if udk,fydkif add-on wpfck &&SdygjyD/
tcktcsdefrSm prf;oyfMunfhr,fqdk&if google &JU home
page rSm &SdorQ tjyma&mifawG[m teufa&mif ajymif;ae
ygvdrfhr,f/ 'g[m tvG,fulqHk;erlemwpfckrQom jzpfyg
w,f/

Stylelish [m 'add-ons' awGeJY 'extensions' awGudk
manager oabmrsKd; vufcHay;EdkifwJhtjyif udk,fudk,fwdkif
extension tao;pm;av;awG wnfaqmufzefw;D Edi
k yf gw,f/
1/ address bar rSm http://userstyles.org/stylish vdkY

½dkufyg/
2/ Grease monkey vdkrsKd;ygyJ/ Stylish &JU home-page
ay:vmygvdrhfr,f/
3/ xdyfqHk;pmaMumif;rSm &SdaewJh 'stylish 0.5.2 is available for download at addons mozilla.org' qdkwJh
pmaMumif;udk click ESdyfyg/ Firefox add-ons box xJudk
a&mufoGm;ygr,f/ jyD;&if install vkyfvdkufyg/ browser
restart jyefvkyfyg/

4/ status bar &JU atmufajcpm&GufjzLtay:rSm uavmifwH
av;eJY icon av; awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
5/ install vkyfjyD;&if tJ'D add-on pmrsufESmudk rydwfbJ
qufMunfhr,fqdk&if 'install now' button &JU atmufrSm
development comment qdw
k m awGU&ygvdrrfh ,f/ tJ'rD mS
&SdwJh code [m 'Dvdkjzpfygvdrhfr,f/
*{
color: blue important;
}

68

uGefysLwm*sme,f

add-ons awGudk browser rSm aemufwpfrsKd; MunfhvdkY
&wJh ae&mwpfcku 'options >add-ons' uae udk,f install
vkyx
f m;cJo
h rQ add-ons awGukd tukev
f ;kH Munfv
h Ykd &ygw,f/
'add-ons' awGrSm '.xpi' eJY '.js' qdkjyD; ESpfrsKd; &Sdygw,f/
'.xpi' uawmh 'add-on' tppfjzpfjyD; browser ay:rSm run

zdkYtwGuf wnfaqmufxm;wJh t"du taxmuftyHh wpfck
jzpfjyD; '.js' eJY tqH;k owfwhJ 'add-on' awGuawmh java script
eJY a&;xm;jyD; browser ay:rSm vmzGiw
fh hJ website wpfcck sif;pD
twGuf &nf&G,fygw,f/ a&;om;xm;wJh enf;y&d,m,f
awG[m vG,rf a,mifeYJ cufaew,fq&kd if (.xpi) udk browser
twGuf? (.js) udk website twGufqdkjyD; tMurf;zsif; rSwf
om;xm;Edkifygw,f/
Gmail [m open-source trnfrcHayr,fh developer
awG u d k programming source code wpf 0 uf a vmuf
zGihf[ay;xm;wJhtwGuf Gmail eJY yl;wGJoHk;pGJr,fh browser
twGufa&m? Gmail inbox twGi;f xJudkyg taumif;qH;k
t&nftcsif;awG &&SdapEdkifzdkY 0dkif;0ef; axmufyHhMuwJh addons awG ra&rwGufEdkifatmif &Sdaeygw,f/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

vlwpfa,mufrSm Gmail account ESpfck? ('grSr[kwf)
oHk;ck&Sdw,f qdkygpdkY? tJ'Dvdk tcgrsKd;rSm rwlnDwJh mail account awGudk ppfaq;csifwJhtcgrSm account wpfckudk zGihf
vdkuf? ydwfvdkuf vkyfaep&mrvdkbJ wpfMudrf wpfcgwnf;eJY
Gmail account awGudk ppfaq;csifwJh tcgrsKd;awGrSm Gmail
manager [m odyfudk toHk;0ifygw,f/
Oyrm ]armifarmif} qdkwJh vlwpfa,muf qdkygawmh
armifarmif @gmail.com, armifarmifhrdom;pktwGuf @
gmail.com eJY armifarmifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;twGu@
f gmail
.com email oH;k ckpvH;k udk wpfjyKd ief ufwnf; screen wpfcw
k nf;
rSm (Firefox &JU 'open tab' oHk;ck zGihfvSpfjyD;) [dkbuf? 'Dbuf
mail ppfaq;vdkY &Edkifygw,f/
1/ address bar rSm https://addons .mozilla.org/en-US/
firefox/addon/1320 vdkY ½dkufyg/
2/ zdkift&G,ftpm; 100 kb om &SdjyD; tvGef jrefjrefqefqefeJY
install vkyfvdkY &Edkifygw,f/
3/ jyD;&if Firefox>tools> addons uae wpfqihf Gmail
manager a&muf ra&mufudk &SmazG ppfaq;yg/ (.xpi)
extension jzpfjyD; version [m (0.5.9) jzpfygw,f/
4/ extension awG pkaygif;xm;wJh box MuD;xJrSm Gmail
manager udk awGU&jyDqdkwmeJY Option udk uvpfESdyfjyD;
ñTefMum;Edkifygw,f/

5/ Browser &JU status bar udk Munfhr,fqdk&ifvnf; Gmail
manager icon uav; ay:aewm awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
6/ account awGudk vufcHEdkifzdkYtwGuf account wpfckcsif;
pD&UJ name eJY password awGukd rSerf eS u
f efuef jznfph u
G af y;
zdkYawmh vdktyfygvdrfhr,f/

70

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

7/ yxrqH;k taeeJY 'All account settings' rSm Add udk click
ESdyfyg/ Gmail &JU yxr account jzpfwJh (yifudk account)
mgmg account udk username eJY password jznfhyg/
jyD;&if 'kwd, account ]armifarmifrdom;pk twGuf} account udk password eJY user name jznfy
h g/ jyD;&if wwd,
account udkvnf; jznfhpGufyg/

Ä wu,fvdkY 'startup' option rSm&SdwJh check box udkom
trSefjcpfxnfhay;xm;vdu
k rf ,fq&kd if uGeyf sLwmudk zGihfwJh
tcsed w
f ikd ;f rSm (tifwmeufukd tvdt
k avsmuf csw
d q
f ufjyD;)
Gmail udk Auto zGifhay;rSm jzpfwJhtwGuf tcsdefukef
oufomygvdrhfr,f/
Ä rvdkcsifwJh account udk tvG,fwul 'Remove' vkyfvdkY
&Edik jf yD; 'secure' jynf0h apzdYk vnf; ñTeMf um;xm;Edik yf gw,f/
Ä jyD;&if OK udk ESdyfyg/ (vdktyf&if Apply udkygESdyfay;yg/)
8/ browser &JU status bar nmbufaxmihrf mS jznfph u
G x
f m;wJh
vdyfpmawGudk awGUjrif&ygvdrhfr,f/

9/ pmtdwfteDa&mif 'icon' av;udk Click ESdyfvdkufwJhtcgrSm
Gmail Manager &JU function awG ay:aygufvmygvdrhf
r,f/ t"duuawmh Main Subject ESpfrsKd; &Sdygw,f/
]]a&G;cs,fxm;wJh Gmail }} udk zGiafh y;zdYk eYJ 'add' vkyx
f m;cJw
h hJ
account tukefvHk;udk zGihfay;zdkY ESpfrsKd; jzpfygw,f/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
10/ account wpfckcsif;pDrSm&SdwJh rwlnDwJh ta&twGufawG
udk yHkrSmjyxm;wJhtwdkif; jrifawGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
'show new mail snippets' qdkwmuawmh vufcH&&SdwJh

xm;wmyg/ script aygif; 10 ck txuf yg0ifjyD; internet
csdwfqufxm;wJh yDpDawGudk tcsdefrSef update &SmazGay;yg
w,f/ install vkyw
f t
hJ cgrSm '.xpi' eJY tqH;k owfxm;wJh 'addons' udk awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/ Google Reader awGudk import,
export vkyfvdkY&wJh function? Gmail udk Mac pwdkif
wnfaqmufvdkY&wJh screen? tvG,fwul ajymif;vJvdkY&wJh
'fonts' awGeJY features rsKd;pHkwdkY yg0ifygw,f/

mail awGrmS yg0ifwhJ subject udk twdc
k sHK;jyD; ½ky&f iS af xGvm

oabmrsKd; jyoay;rSm jzpfygw,f/
11/ jyD;&if browser rSm 'tab' topfawG ac:yg/ wu,fvdkY
account ESpfckudk wpfjydKifeufwnf; zGihfcsif&if 'tab' ESpfck
ac:yg/ oHk;ckzGihfcsif&if 'tab' oHk;ck ac:yg/
12/ 'gqdk&if browser wpfck twGif;xJrSm rwlnD uGJjym;wJh
Gmail account rsKd;pHkudk Gmail manager udk oHk;pGJjyD;
email ppfaq;&if; chatting vkyfvdkY &EdkifaeygjyD/

Internet xJrSm arTaESmuf &SmazGae&if; wcsKdUoifcef;pm
zdik u
f av;awGukd rSwo
f m;csifwt
hJ cg 'grSr[kwf ta&;MuD;wJh
owif;rSwfpkawGudk raysmufysufatmif xdef;odrf;csifwJhtcg
rSm Gmail This extension [m tvGeftoHk;0ifygw,f/
1/ browser bar rSm https://addons.mozilla .org/en-US/
firefox/addon/3102 ½dkufyg/
2/ extension udk install vkyfyg/
3/ webpage &JU vdkcsifwJh pmom;awGudk 'high-light' vkyfjyD;
select ay;yg/
4/ Gmail xJrSm vsifvsifjrefjref odrf;qnf;xm;jyD;jzpf½Hkom
rubJ wjcm;wpfa,mufqDudk forword vkyfzdkY tqif
oihf jzpfaewmudk awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/

'Better Gmail' [m 'grease monkey' script awGudk
aygif;pkjyD; extension tMuD;pm; wpfcktaeeJY wnfaqmuf

extension ESpfrsKd;&Sdygw,f/ yxr version u (0.7)
eJY tckxyfjyD; topfxGufvmwmu (1.1) jzpfygw,f/
- https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/Firefox/addon/ Α
866 eJY https://addons .mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/
addon/6076 vdyfpmESpfrsKd; &Sdygw,f/ vdkcsifwJh version
udk pdwfMudKuf&,lEdkifygw,f/

Gmail Skinz [m Better Gmail ay:vmjyD;wJh aemuf
ydkif;rSm wdrfjrKyfoGm;wJh add-ons wpfckyg/ Better Gmail
udk rausmfvTm;Edkifayr,fh olYrSmvnf; tvGefaumif;rGefwJh
t&nftcsif;awG &Sdaeygw,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh Gmail xJu
inbox &JU color udk pdwfwdkif;usta&mif ajymif; vJEdkifjcif;?
google uae ay;tyfxm;wJh 'IG modules' vdkY ac:wJh
gadget uav;awG? em&D? &moDOwk? tm;upm;owif; pwm
awGudk gmail xJrSm aygif;xnfhEdkifwmawGtjyif? picasa
album eJY csdwfqufjyD; image awGudk vdktyfovdk organize vkyfEdkifwm awG[m odyfxl;jcm;ygw,f/ 'ghtjyifrSm rvdk
csifwJh label awG Oyrm udk,fh Gmail xJrSm &SdwJh 'sent'
item box, 'spam box' pwmawGudk z,fxkwfypfxm;vdkY
&ovdk user awG oabmawGUMuwJh function wpfckuawmh

rwf? 2008

71

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
'inbox, chat, sent' pwJh box awGudk Gmail u pDpOfay;xm;

'font' control awGukd ydjk yD; tpGr;f xufvmapzdYk uv
kd nf; ulnD

ovdk ]tay:rSatmuf} b,fbufjcrf;rSm xm;&SdrIudk rMudKuf
ESpfouf&if horizontal jyefvnf ajymif;vJEdkifjyD; Left to
Rtght (b,fbufrS nmbufoYkd ) 'DZi
kd ;f zGUJ pnf;cGifh &Sw
d wfwmyJ
jzpfygw,f/ Better Gmail xuf vlMudKufenf;&wJh t"du
tcsufuawmh 'D add-on [m coding error wcsKdU &SdaevdkYyJ
jzpfygw,f/
1/ http://gmailskins .mozdev.org [k ½dkufyg/
2/ atmufqHk;rSm&Sdaom 'Here install' udk click ESdyfyg/
(odkYr[kwfvQif) https://addons. mozilla.org/en-US/
firefox/addon/ 2127 vdkY ½dkufjyD; skin2 add-on udk
tvsiftjref oGm;Edkifygw,f/

ay;ygw,f/
1/ http://addons.mozilla .org /en-US/firefox/add on/
743 vdkY ½dkufyg/
2/ xHk;pHtwdkif; install vkyfyg/ browser udk restart jyefvkyf
yg/ 'add-ons' rSm oGm;a&muf ppfaq;Munfhyg/ a*:ZDvm
wpfaumif&JU ajc&mawGvdk logo yHkpHuav; jzpfaewmudk
awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
3/ google page &JU nmbufrSm&SdwJh aMumfjim page awGudk
azsmufzsufay;jyD; developer awGtwGuf &nf&G,fjyD;
&SmazGcJhwJh yHk&dyf'grSr[kwf keyword wpfckudk tif*sif 12
uae yl;aygif; &SmazGay;ygw,f/
4/ MunhfcJhwJh page udkvnf; vG,fvihfwul save vkyfjyD;
firefox &JU book mark manager 'grSr[kwf delicious
xJudk aygif;xnfhay;Edkifygw,f/

3/udk,fh Gmail udk color 'DZdkif; ajymif;vJEdkifygw,f/ better gmail vdk pwdkifvSvSuav;awG ryg0ifayr,fh vuf
wnfhprf;jyD; add-ons awG a&;om;csifwJh vli,fawG tzdkY
awmh 'D Gmail-skinz tqih[
f m ti,fwef; yxr tqihf
jzpfwmrdkY toHk;0ifrSmyg/

5/ rdcif website jzpfwJh "http://customize google .com"
rSm 'D add-on &JU features awG rSeforQudk vkyfyHkvkyfenf;
awGeJYwuG Munfh½IvdkY&Edkifygw,f/

'D add-on av;[m google rSm aiGay;jyD; wul;wu
aMumfjimxm;MuwJh aMumfjim&SifawGtzdkYawmh &ifuJGyufvuf
jzpfapEdkifygw,f/ google search engine rSmyJ jzpfjzpf?
Gmail inbox twGif;xJrSmyJjzpfjzpf? &SdwwfwJh nmbuf
jcrf;u aMumfjimawGukd z,fxw
k yf pfEikd w
f hJ 'Add-on' rdYk vYkdygyJ/
'ghtjyifrSm 'http..' eJY oGm;½dk;oGm;pOf vrf;aMumif;udk ydkrdk
vHkjcHKpdwfcs&wJh 'https' pepfudk tvdktavsmuf ajymif;ay;Edkif
w,f/ inbox udk zGihfzGihfcsif;rSm 'contacts box' udk tvsifjref
qHk; zGihfvSpfay;½HkomrubJ 'spam-counter-box' udkvnf;
rjrif? rMunfhvdkolawGtwGuf tvdktavsmuf zHk;tkyfay;yg
vdrhfr,f/ wjcm; oHk;0ifwJh functions awGjzpfwJh 'invite' eJY

[m extension wpfckqdkwmxuf software
wpfckqdk&if ydkjyD; rSefygvdrhfr,f/ Mac, Linux, Window...
rwlnD uGJjym;wJh platform rsKd;pHktwGuf tvkyfvkyfEdkifjyD;
Gmail eJY csdwfqufay;jyD; online ay:rSm storage ae&m
wpfckudk zefqif;ay;ygw,f/ Gmail xJu file awGudkyJ
jzpfjzpf? image yHkawGudkyJ jzpfjzpf? tvG,fwul drag and
drop qJGxnfhjyD; odrf;qnf;vdkY&Edkifygw,f/ pwifoHk;ptcsdef
rSm Gspace [m cufco
J a,mif&adS yr,fh tools awGukd oabm
aygufoGm;wJh tcsdefrSmawmh tvGeftm;udk;&wJh add-on
wpfckqdkwm awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
1/ http://www.getspace.com/download. html [k ½du
k yf g/

72

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

Gspace

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
2/ Window orm;awGtwGuf download cscGifh jyKxm;wJh
icon av;ay:uaewpfqihf Click ESy
d jf yD; download vkyf,lyg/ 1MB rjynfhwjynfhom&SdjyD; vG,ful
vsifjrefpGmeJYyJ browser 'add-ons' box twGi;f udk a&muf&dS
oGm;ygvdrhfr,f/
3/ Gspace [m 'file transfer protocol' access jzpfwJh
twGuf udk,fhyDpDxJrSm&SdwJh file awGudk internet ay:udk
upload wifwJhtcg tvGefjrefqefwmudk awGU&ygvdrhf
r,f/
4/ tJ'Dvdk upload wifwJh ae&mrSmawmh >cif;csuftaeeJY
vHkjcHKa&; jynfh0jyD; google eJY csdwfqufxm;wJh website
awG jzpfwJh 'you tube', facebook pwmawGudkom vufcH
ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh t&ifqHk;taeeJY udk,fh upload wifcsif
wJh web site awGrSm account vkyfxm;&ygvdrhfr,f/

wpfcgwavrSm? aeYv,faeYcif;awGrSm internet connection awG pkjyHKusyfcJjyD; aES;auG;vGef;aeygvdrhfr,f/ tJ'D
tcsdefrSm udk,fh Gmail box udk pmtopfawG a&muf ra&muf
udk od&zdS YkdtwGuf Gmail uvJ zGi&fh wm t&rf;aES;jyD; vdck siw
f hJ
tqihfudk ra&mufEdkif jzpfaeygvdrhfr,f/ 'gqdk&if Gmail
home page udk vH;k 0zGiz
fh Ykd rvdb
k J address bar uae wpfqihf
udk,fh Gmail rSm pmtopfawG a&muf? ra&mufudk zGihfvSpf
MunfEh ikd rf ,fh enf;vrf;tawmfrsm;rsm;awmhvrkd mS ygyJ/ 'Gmail
search' qdkwJh extension [m Gmail inbox udk (vHk;0)
zGihfvSpfzdkY rvdktyfyg/ Browser &JU 'address bar' udk gmail
twGif;rSm&SdwJh 'search box' vdk oabmxm;jyD; tD;ar;vf
topfawGudk &SmazGay;Edkifygw,f/
1/ "http://philwilson .org/ blog/2004/12/search-yourgmail-in-firefox.html" [k ½dkufyg/
2/ "click this link to install the gmail search engine"
qdkwJh link udk uvpfESdyfjyD; install vkyfyg/
3/ add search engine rSm aygif;xnfhrSmvm; qdkwJh box
uav; ay:vmygvdrhfrnf/ Add [k ajymay;yg/

5/ wu,fvdkY file wpfckudk transfer vkyfcsifjyD qdk&if 'login'
udk click ESdyfjyD; password ay;&ygvdrhfr,f/ jyD;&if cP
apmihfay;yg/

6/ ]jyD;wmeJY 'upone directory' button udk click ESdyfjyD;
udk,fh&JU yDpDxJrSm&SdwJh attach file awGudk Gmail xJudk
vTJajymif;,lvdkY &EdkifygjyD/

74

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

4/ jyD;wmeJY Gmail account xJudk 0ifyg/ r0ifcifrSm search
box rSm MudKwifjyD; &Smxm;cJhr,fqdk&if gmail xJudk 0ifjyD
qdw
k meJY ud,
k &f mS azGr,fh Gmail awGukd wpfcgwnf; awGU&
ygvdrhfr,f/
5/ wu,fvdkY Gmail/server u jzpfjzpf? user u jzpfjzpf?
wpfpHkwpfck rSm;,Gif;oGm;cJh&if temporary Error (502)
qdkjyD; jyoygvdrhfr,f/
6/ 'g[m Gmail &JU [dk;t&ifumv 1GB inbox twGif;rSm
ryg0ifcw
hJ hJ mail search twGuf toH;k 0ifayr,fh tckaerSm
awmh Gmail account xJrSm&SdwJh search engine u
ydkvdkYawmif xufaeygao;w,f/

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

[m 'Getting Things Done' udk twdkaumuf
ac:qdkxm;wmyg/ t"du tvkyfuawmh Gmail &JU in box
twGi;f rSm ae&m,lay;jyD; vlwpfa,mufcsif;pDtwGuf wpfaeY
wm jyKvkyfzdkY&SdwJh pm&if;awGudk rSwfom;xm;vdkY &ygw,f/
'Note book, calendar, mail alert' tJ'D vkyfaqmifEdkifpGrf;
oHk;ckudk yl;aygif;jyD; zJGUpnf;xm;wmyg/ Oyrm vlwpfa,muf
[m 'DaeYnae ig;em&DrSm t*Fvefu oli,fcsif; wpfa,muf
eJY pum;ajymzdkY&Sdw,f} qdk&if 'To do List' rSm tcsdefeJY reminder wpfckudk vkyfay;jyD; Gmail box udk jyefydwfxm;
vdkufvdkY &ygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm google &JU alert uae nae
5 em&DtcsdefrSm taMumif;Mum;ay;ygvdrhfr,f/
1/ http://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/
3209 ½dkufyg/
2/ xHk;pHtwdkif; install vkyfjyD; browser restart jyefvkyfyg/
3/ Firefox &JU tools menu atmufrSm&SdwJh 'add-ons' xJrSm
'GTD inbox' qdkjyD; ododomom uGJjym;aewJh add-on
udk awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
4/ option udk click ESdyfvdkuf&if GTD inbox &JU vkyfEdkifpGrf;
&SdwJh vkyfaqmifcsuf pGrf;&nfawGudk trsKd;rsKd;tpm;pm;
rsm;jym;pGm awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
GTD

Google [m Gmail, Gtalk, Google Calendar pwJh
product rSeo
f rQudk wpfcek YJ wpfck csdwq
f ufxm;wJh enf;ynm

udk toHk;jyKygw,f/ aygifrkefYwpfxyf? tom;wpfxyf? aygif
rkefY wpfxyf... tJ'DvdkrsKd; ]qif;'0pf} rkeYf rsKd;eJY tvm;oP²mef
wlvdrhfr,fxifygw,f/ wpfckcsif; pm;MunfhwJhtcgrSmvnf;
t&om&Sdovdk tm;vHk;udk aygif;pkjyD; pm;oHk;wJhtcgrSmvnf;
wu,fh ]pm;jrdefzG,f} wpfckyg/ Gtalk, Gmail pwJh xkwfukef
wdkif;rSm vdyfpmudk,fpD &SdMuwJhtwGuf wpfckcsif;udk oD;oefY
oHk;pGJvdkY &Edkifovdk tukefvHk;udk aygif;pkjyD; 'package' taeeJY
vnf; oHk;pGJvdkY &Edkifygw,f/ 'Gcal' vdkY tvG,fac:MuwJh
'google calendar' services [m ,cifu Gmail xJrmS ryg
0ifygbl;/ 'gaMumifh ta&;MuD;wJh aeY&ufawGeJY tcsdef;tcsuf
jyKvkyfcsifwJh rSwfom;rIawGrsKd;udk Gmail zGihfvSpf&if;eJY
wpfjydKifeufwnf; vkyfaqmifEdkifapzdkY 'Gcal Quick Tab' u
pGrf;aqmifay;ygw,f/ Gmail eJY Google Calendar tMum;
udk keyboard short-cuts awGeJY tvG,fwul a&TUajymif;
Edkifygr,f/

1/ https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/
2372 udk ½dkufyg/
2/ install vkyfjyD; firefox udk restart jyefvkyfyg/
3/ jyD;&if xyfjyD;awmh http://www.google. com/calendar ½dkufyg/
4/ tckcsdefupjyD; udk,fh&JU calendar box xJrSm aeYpGJtvdkuf
email owday;rIawGeJY wjcm; function awG trsm;MuD;
aygif;xnfv
h Ykd &ygjyD/ Oyrm-january 15 &ufaeY a&muf&if
oli,fcsif; wpfa,mufeJY 'chat' zdkY &Sdw,f/ owday;yg/
tJ'D owday;csufudkyJ mail alert eJY ray;bJ pop-up
box wpfct
k aeeJY owday;ygqdjk yD; trsm;MuD; ñTeMf um;xm;
vdkY &ygjyD/

76

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

5/ wu,fvdkY GTDinbox udk rdrd&& avhvmcsifw,fqdk&if
awmh oHk;pGJenf;awGudk tao;pdwf &Sif;jyxm;wJh http://
www.gtdinbox .com udk oGm;a&muf avhvmEdkifygw,f/

Gmail twGif;rSm 'attach' aygif;xnfhzdkYtwGuf attach
function udk click ESdyfjyD; explorer box uae wpfqihf

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
warhwarm oGm;&wJh 'kuw
© pfck &Syd gw,f/ wu,fvYkd 'Dragdrop-upload' qdkwJh add-ons udkom install vkyfxm;cJhr,f
qdk&if ydkjyD; tcsdefukefoufomoGm;rSm trSefygyJ/ 'dragdropupload' [m drag and drop vkyfjyD; Gmail &JU compose
mail twGif;udk tvG,fwul attach file awG csdwfwG,fEdkif
apygw,f/
1/ Firefox address bar rSm 'http://addons.mozilla .org/
en-US/firefox/addon/ 2190 [k ½dkufyg/
2/ addon udk install vkyfjyD; browser udk restart jyefvkyfyg/

fireGPG [mvnf; Gmail twGuf toH;k 0ifjyD; wefz;kd &Sd
wJh script awGudk wpfpkwpfa0;wnf; aygif;xnfhay;xm;wJh
manager wpfckyJ jzpfygw,f/ 'encrypt', 'decrypt' , 'sign',
'attach' pwJh vufwdkvufawmif; t&nftaoG;aumif;av;

awGudk wpfae&mwnf;uae tvHk;pHk toHk;jyKEdkifatmifvdkY
pDpOfxm;ygw,f/
1/ http://firefpg.tuxfamily.org/stable/firefpg.xpi [k
½dkufyg/
2/

google toolbar [m firefox eJY IE oHk;pGJol ESpfrsKd;
pvH;k twGuf google tzJUG tpnf;uae w&m;0if xkwv
f iT afh y;
cJhwJh toolbar functions wpfck jzpfygw,f/ opera browser
udk oHk;pGJolawGtwGufawmh 'widget' wpfcktaeeJYom wnf
&Sjd yD; w&m;0if toolbar taeeJY xkwv
f iT afh y;cJjh cif; r&Sad o;yg/
google toolbar [m Gmail wpfckwnf;twGufom toHk;
0ifwm r[kwfbJ google &JU wjcm; products awGudk ESpfESpf
jcdKufjcdKuf oHk;pGJMuwJh user wdkif;twGuf &nf&G,fjyD; features rsKd;pHkudk xnfhoGif;ay;tyfxm;ygw,f/ toolbar wpfck
udk install vkyfvdkufwmeJY 'browser bar' rSm xyfrHjyD; vdyfpm
awG cPcP½dkufoGif;&wJh 'ku©uae uif;a0;oGm;aprSm
taotcsmygyJ/ udk,fvdkcsifwJh page ? Oyrmtm;jzifh Gmail
qdk&if Gmail icon av;udk click vkyfvdkuf&ifyJ 'toolbar'
uae tvdkvdk tvkyfvkyfay;oGm;rSmyg/
1/ http://toolbar.google.com/gmail-toolbar (odYk r[kw)f
http://google .com/ tools/firefox/toolbar [k ½dkufyg/
2/ jyD;&if download udk click ESdyfyg/
3/ (.xpi) extension eJY tqHk;owfjyD;&if browser udk restart jyefvkyfyg/ (tu,fí IE udk toHk;jyKcJhvQif http://
toolbar .google .com/T4/?rd = f jzpfygw,f/)
4/ google toolbar udk toHk;jyKjyD; Gmail udk tvG,fwul
check vkyfEdkifwmawG&,f? vHkjcHKpdwfcspGm searching
vkyfEdkifwmawG&,ftjyif google &JU product rSeforQ
pkaygif;xm;wJhtwGuf wefzdk;t&SdqHk; extension wpfck
jzpfygw,f/

udk Click ESdyfyg/ install vkyfjyD; browser
restart jyefvkyfay;yg/

3/ jyD;&if Gmail udkzGihfyg/ inbox twGif; vGwfwJhwpfae&m
rSm Right Click ESyd v
f u
kd w
f t
hJ cg Fire GPG box udk dropdown box rSm awGU&ygvdrhfr,f/
4/ FireGPG [m olY&JU icon av;vdkrsKd; udk,fh&JU Gmail udk
vHkjcHKrI tjynfht0&atmif zefwD;ay;ygw,f/ tJ'DrSm &Sdae
wJh text editor qdkwm[m oD;oefY email zefwD;zdkY Notepad vdkrsKd; editor wpfck jzpfygw,f/
5/ tao;pdwf avhvmcsi&f if http://firefpg .tux-family.org
rSm 0ifa&muf oif,lavhvmEdkifygw,f/

Gmail &JU jrifaeus jrifuGif;rsKd; r[kwfbJ Macintosh computer awGay:rSm jrifawGU&wwfwJh 'DZdkif;vSvS
uav;udk &&SdEdkifwJh add-ons wpfck jzpfygw,f/
http://http://userscript.org/scripts/show/7646

rwf? 2008

77

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

Gmail &JU inbox twGif;rSm&SdwJh 'spam' box udk rvdk
csifwJhtcg tck script uav;udk install vkyfxm;vdkufyg/
http://userscripts.org/scripts/show/2210

wu,fvdkY Gmail xJudk pmtopfawG a&mufaecJhvQif
tJ'DpmawGudk Click ESdyfjyD; rzGihfcifrSm erlem tjrnf;oabm
rsKd; 'preview' wpfcktaeeJY jyoay;r,fh script yg/ 'image' awGeJY wGJzufyg0ifvmwwfwJh spam message awGeJY
virus message awG&JU tEÅ&m,fu a&Smif&Sm;EdkifapzdkYtwGuf
oihfawmfvSygw,f/
http://persistant.info/greasemonkey/gmailpreview.user,js

Gmail &JU twGif;xJudk google reader eJY csdwfqufjyD;
folder av; wpfck wnfaqmufay;ygvdrhfr,f/ tJ'D folder
rSm google &JU owif;awG rSeforQ &SdaewJhtwGuf wjcm;

Gmail xJrmS mail awG wpfyw
kH pfacgif; jzpfaewJt
h cgrSm
udk,fuvnf; tcsdefodyfr&vdkY vdkcsifwJh pmwpfapmifudk
wpfaeYwm enf;enf;pDyJ tcsdefay;jyD; ppfxkwf&SmazGcsifwJh
tcgrSm oHk;pGJEdkifygw,f/ 'folder' wpfcktaeeJY wnfaqmuf
ay;jyD; &SmazGjyD;cJhwJh message awGudk oD;oefY cGJxkwfxm;ay;
ygvdrhfr,f/
http://persistent.info/grease monkey/gmail .user .js

ae&mawGuae owif;awGudk wul;wu vdkuf&SmaezdkY rvdk
awmhyg/
http://www.userscript .org/scripts/show/ 8598

Google Reader &JU vQKdU0SufcsufawG? aqmif&ef a&Smif
&efawGutpyg0ifjyD; GReader eJY ywfouforQ tpHv
k ifq;kH
extension wpfckvdkY qdkEdkifwJh script wpfckyg/
http://www.userscripts .org/scripts/show/8450

Gmail twGif;rSm 'label' qdkwm[m 'folder' udk qdkvdk
ygw,f/ 'gayr,fh wcsKdU user awGtzdkY tvGef rsufpdpdrf;wJh
twGuf mail awGudk udkifwG,f&mrSm uaomif;ueif; jzpf&
wwfpjrJyg/ tck script [m Gmail twGif;rSm aysmufqHk;
aewJh folder awGudk wnfaqmufEdkifapzdkY jzpfygw,f/ Oyrm
tm;jzifh 'Mywork' qdw
k hJ label (folder) atmufrmS CJ (subfolder) eJY CT (sub-folder) qdkjyD; sub-label awG cGJjcm;

Edkifygvdrhfr,f/
http://arend-von-reinersdorff.com/folders 4gmail/

78

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG

'Search by Date' qdkwJh button wpfckudk aygif;xnfh
ay;wJh script yg/ tJ'D button udk &,lxm;r,fqdk&if aeYpGJ
f ifw
h ul &SmazG
wpfcck si;f tvdu
k f ud,
k hf &JU email awGukd vG,v

font awG rsKd;pHk&&SdapjyD; to-do-list udk azmfjyay;ygr,f/
http://gmail-greasemon-key.googlecode .com/svn/
trunk/scripts/gmailfont-toggle .user.js

ppfxkwf,lEdkifygvdrhfr,f/
http://lifehacker.com/assets/resources/2007/04/
gmaildatesearch.user.js

ud,
k &hf UJ ud,
k af &;ud,
k w
f m udpaö wGtwGuf (yef;Eka&mif)?
udk,fh&JU pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;awGtwGuf (t0ga&mif)? udk,fh&JU
rdom;pktwGuf (tjyma&mif) ta&;MuD;wJh email rsKd;pHt
k wGuf
(teDa&mif)? tJ'DvdkrsKd; label awGrSm color rsKd;pHkudk toHk;cs
csifw,fqdk&ifawmh 'D script udk &,l&ygvdrhfr,f/

udk,fhpdwfMudKuf zefwD;xm;wJh 'short-units' awGudk
Gmail inbox xJrSm oHk;pGJEdkifygr,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh 't' udk
½du
k v
f u
kd &f if Move to trash udk a&TUay;yg/ 's' udk ½du
k v
f u
kd &f if
'D message udk spam vdYk owfrw
S yf g pojzifh jyKjyif ajymif;vJ
xm;Edkifygw,f/
http://persistent.info/greasemonkey/gmail-marcos
.user.js

http://mail-google.com/mail/help/about-what snewhtml

udk,fh&JU Gmail xJudk0ifvmwJh pmwpfapmif[m omref
pmwpfapmifqdk&ifawmh jyóemr&Sdygbl;/ 'gayr,fh attach
wGzJ uf yg0ifxm;wJh pmwpfapmifq&kd ifawmh Gmail [m olY&UJ
original attach icon av;eJY jyoay;ygw,f/ wu,fvdkY
tJ'D attach icon av;udk ydkjyD;obm0uswJh pGrf;aqmifrIav;
&atmif zefwD;Edkifygw,f/ Oyrmtm;jzifh image zdkifqdk&if
(jpg) icon av;eJYjyoay;jyD; wjcm; word, excel pwJh file
awG qdk&ifvnf; (.doc) (.xls) pwJh vSywJh icon av;awGeJY
jyoay;wJhtwGuf tvG,fwuleJY cGJjcm;Edkifygw,f/ 'ghtjyif
developer ti,fpm;awGeYJ avhvmcsiw
f hJ vli,fawGtzdYk ydjk yD;
tqifajywmu tck script [m 'sytlish' &JU add-on eJY a&;
om;xm;wJhtwGuf udk,fhpdwfMudKuf icon av;awGudk jyef
ajymif;,l&if; udk,fydkif extension uav;wpfckudkawmif
MudK;pm;zefwD;vdkY&EdkifwJh script wpfckyg/ http://userstyle
.org/style/show/1807

Gmail &JU inbox xJrSm udk,fvdkcsifwJh? udk,fMunfhcsifwJh
webpage link awGudk Munfh½IvdkY &Edkifapygr,f/
http://userscripts.org/scripts/show/5722

80

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

udk,frodapcsifwJh vlawGeJY wjcm; hacker awG&JU
tEÅ&m,fu uif;a0;apzdkY vkyfaqmifEdkifwJh script wpfckyg/
vlodenf;vSayr,fh udk,fh&JU message awGudk vHkjcHKapcsif&if
awmh tm;udk;tm;xm;jyKEdkifygw,f/
http://userscript.org/script/show/3574

Gmail udkyJjzpfap? google docs ? google calendar
pwJh products awGeJY aemufqHk; google search engine

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
udkyif jzpfap? 'http' eJY oGm;aewJhvrf;aMumif;udk ajymif;vJ
ypfjyD; ydkjyD; vHkjcHKpdwfcs&wJh 'http:' protocol wpfcktaeeJY
ajymif;vJypfay;ygvdrfhr,f/ vHkjcHKrI jrihfrm;apwJh script wpfck
yg/

jyoay;rSm jzpfygw,f/ tvG,w
f ul vsifvsifjrefjrefeYJ ud,
k f
vdkcsifwmudk a&G;cs,fEdkifygw,f/
http://userscripts.org/scripts/show/9310

http://userscript.org/script/show/7427

ud,
k hf email &JU atmufajcrSm&Sw
d hJ vufrw
S u
f kd pdwMf udKuf
ae&m ajymif;vJapEdkifr,fh script uav;wpfck jzpfygw,f/
http://userscripts.org/scripts/show/3067

email wpfapmifudk vufcH&&SdwJh tcdkuftwefYrSmyJ
jzpfjzpf? message topfwpfckudk zefwD;vdkufwJhtcgrSmyJ
jzpfjzpf? 'attach' file wpfckukdrsm; csdwfqufcsifao;ygovm;
qdkjyD; owday; EId;aqmfay;r,fh script yg/

udk,fh&JU uGefysLwmxJrSm &SdaewJh b,fvdk zdik rf sK;d udrk qdk
b,fvkd folder ? b,fvdk drive qDrSm &SdaewJh zdkifrsKd;udkrqdk
screen ay:rSmwif tvG,fwul 'drag and drop' vkyfay;Edkif
wJh application i,fuav;wpfck jzpfygw,f/ Internet explorer eJY tvkyfvkyfEdkifpGrf;&SdjyD; Gmail Drive udk ydkifqdkifzdkY
twGuf gmail user account eJY password wpfckpDuvJGjyD;
wjcm; bmrQ rvdktyfyg/ (Gmail Drive [m IE eJY tvkyf
vkyf&if ydkjyD; tpGrf;xufwm awGU&ygw,f/ tao;pdwfudk
http://www.viksoe.dk/code.gmail.html rSm avhvmyg/)
1/ http://www.softpe-dian.com/progDown-load/

http://userscript.org/script/2419

2/

Gmail-Drive-shell-extension download-15944
.html [k ½dkufyg/ (odkYr[kwf http://www.softpedia
.com &JU search box rSm 0ifa&muf &SmazGvdkY &ygw,f/)
jyD;&if 200 KB om&Sdaom zdkifav;udk down-load ,lyg/
extract vkyfvdkufwJhtcg 'set up' udk awGUygr,f/ click
ESdyfjyD; install vkyfyg/

Gmail xJrSm udk,fb,favmuf oHk;pGJcJhjyD;jyD;vJ/ b,f
avmuf storage usefao;ovJ qdkwmudk azmfjyay;r,fh
graph 'DZdkif; addons av; wpfckyg/
http://https://addons .mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/
addon/6076

my computer atmufrSm Gmail Drive a&mufaewmudk

awGU&ygr,f/
Click ESdyfyg/ jyD;&if 'More' vnf; click ESdyfyg/ username eJY password jznfhoGif;jyD;wmeJY oHk;pGJEdkifygw,f/

google uae &SmazGvu
kd pf OfrmS view udk txufatmuf
10 ck jyay;rSm r[kwfbJ [dkbuf? 'Dbuf panel taeeJY

82

uGeyf sLwm*sme,f

Gmail Drive vdkyJ udk,fh&JU uGefysLwmay:rSm &SdaewJh
file awGeJY folder awGudk tvG,fwul qGJ,ljyD; odrf;qnf;

uGeyf sLwmtaxGaxG
vdkY&EdkifwJh web tajcjyK application wpfckyg/ (macintosh orm; awGtwGuf oD;oefY jzpfygw,f/)
http://gdisk.sourceforge.net

wu,fvYkd 'To Do' application udo
k m desktop ay:rSm
install vkyfxm;cJhr,fqdk&if udk,fh&JU wpfaeYwm ('grSr[kwf)
wpfvwm vkyfaqmif&r,fh vkyfief;udpöawG rSeforQudk
Gmail &JU 'ToDo' box xJudk tvG,fwul ydkYaqmifay;Edkifyg
vdrhfr,f/ internet udk tcsdefydkif;eJY oHk;pGJae&wJhvlrsm; Oyrm
tm;jzifh 'access card' eJY oHk;pGJ&olawGtwGuf udk,fydkYvdkwJh
pmawGudk offline rSm MudKwif ½dkufxm;jyD; 'internet' access ,lvu
kd w
f t
hJ cgrS Gmail todo box xJukd jrefjrefqefqef
vTJajymif;,ljyD; gmail compose uae wpfqihf pmwpfapmif
csif;udk at;at;aq;aq; ydkYaevdkY&ygw,f/

awG oHk;pGJwJh program awG[m tJ'D email vdyfpmudk &SmawGU
jyD; tvdktavsmuf spam vkyfEdkifpGrf; &Sdygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm
udk,fh&JU website rSmyJjzpfjzpf? blog rSmyJjzpfjzpf? wjcm; forum vdk ae&mrsKd;awGrSmyJjzpfjzpf? udk,fh&JU Gmail udkvnf;
odapcsifw,f/ 'gayr,fh tEÅ&m,fuvnf; a&Smif&mS ;csifw,f
qdk&if taumif;qHk;enf;vrf;uawmh gmail 'DZdkif; icon av;
udk generate vkyfvdkufyg/

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http://googletutor.com/2007/03/29/using-googlegroups-to-back up-gmail

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90

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aZ,smpH

rwf? 2008

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123456789012345678901234567890121234567890
123456789012345678901234567890121234567890
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Video Editing Course, Essential
Training of CINEMA 4D, Essential
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rwf? 2008

93

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94

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rwf? 2008

95

uGefysLwmowif;ESirhf w
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olwdkif;taeeJY vSywJhem&D screen
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97

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WEBSITE INDEX

http://elogodesign.com

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vwfwavm wGufcsufp&m data wpf
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rS RAM ay: qGJwif&w,f/ MuD;rm;wJh

rwf? 2008 121

(REVIEW)

MuD ; rm;vS a om tyd k i f ; tuef Y j zpf y g
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122

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(PHYSICS IN GAME)

PHYSICS IN GAMES

PART TWO : GAMEPLAY APPLICATION OF PHYSICS
t"du gameplay ,EÅ&m;tjzpf
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w&m;udk tjrJESvHk;oGif; xnfhwGufoifh

rwf? 2008 123

(PHYSICS IN GAME)

w,f/ Physics toHk;jyKjcif;[m &if;
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jzpfw,f/ pDrHudef; tpuwnf;u
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124

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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rIawG jzpfapw,f/ 0w¬Kypön;f awG jyKwf

(PHYSICS IN GAME)

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"third team"

Providing the gamer with a powerful learning mechanism

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rwf? 2008 125

(PHYSICS IN GAME)

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126

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8/ Window > Effects udk a&G;yg/ video Effects > Image Control > Black & White udk video 3 track &Sd
video file ay:okdY qGJxnhfay;yg/ xkdYaemuf video 3
pmom;a&SU&Sd arrow wGif click ESdyfay;yg/

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file &JU tv,frSwfem;wGif Edit line udk ae&mcsí Add/
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7/ qufvufí video file udk color rS back and white
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128

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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12/ File > New > Title udk a&G;yg/ usvmaom dialog box
wGif Tool panel xJrS Ellipse Tool udk a&G;í oifhavsmf
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file txd qGJcsJUxm;ay;yg/ File > New > Sequence
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rwf? 2008 129

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ESdyfí preview Munhfyg/ video file ay:wGif
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130

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rwf? 2008 133

Photoshop Tutorial
tqifh (1)

'D tutorial rSm

oifh&JU pmom; epf0if burnt-in vkyfzdkY
atmufcH image udk zGiyhf g/ oifu 'Denf;pepf&UJ
½dk;&Sif;aom version tjzpfom image atmufcH
rS rygbJ vkyfcsif&ifvnf; background layer
udk oifMudKuf&m b,fvkd solid color eJYrqkd
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awmh vkdw,f/)

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image twGi;f

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pmom; text
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134

tqifh (2)
Type Mask Tool udak &G;yg/ Image twGi;f
uvpfEydS jf yD; oif&h UJ pmom;udk ½du
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Options bar u trSefjcpf check mark udk
uvpfESdyfyg/ oifh text &JU selection udk jrif&
r,f/ Arrow key udk ESdyfjyD; vkd&mae&mcsyg/

uGefysLwm*sme,f

tqifh (3)
Layer palette u New Layer button udk
ESdyfjyD; Layer topfjyKvkyfyg/ xkd layer topf

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Burnt-in text twGuf oif toHk;jyKvdkaom
ta&mif color udk a&G;yg/ (Oyrm teufa&mif)
aemuf Edit > Fill eJY selection udk foreground
color eJY jznfhyg/ (Alt + Delete) Text udk a&G;
xm;wm rjzKwfbJeJY oifh&JU t"du image ygwJh
layer udk uvpfEy
dS jf yD; active jzpfatmif vkyyf g/
aemuf uD;bkwfrS arrow key udk oHk;jyD;
(a) atmufodkY pixel wpfckpm
(b) nmbufodkY pixel wpfckpm a&TUyg/

tqifh (4)
Image > Adjustments > Brightness > Contrast

odkYoGm;yg/ Brightness Slider udk 75% xm;yg/ oif epf
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oGm;jyD; Brightness Slider rS -75% xm;ygu (tEkwf 75)
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r[kwf ydkjyD;edrhfwJh setting a&G;csif a&G;vdkayvdrhfr,f/ oifhyHk
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avSeH"m;xpf rrSwfygeJY/ OK udk uvpfESdyfyg/

tqifh (6)
Ctrl + D ESdyfjyD; deselect vkyfyg/

oifh setting udk ydkjyD;jrifhjrifh 'grSr[kwf ydkjyD; edrhfedrfh xm;csif
xm;zdkY vdkvdrfhr,f/ OK udk uvpfESdyfyg/

tqifh (5)
tck aemufwpfcg arrow key udk oHk;jyD;awmhyJ
(a) tay:odkY pixel ESpfckpm
(b) b,fbufodkY pixel ESpfckpm a&TUyg/

Tips :
burnt-in text &JU tem;pGe;f ''edges" yHp
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selection udk feather ay;jcif;? pixels ta&twGuf ydkrsm;

rsm; a&TUjcif;awG prf;oyfMunhfyg/ rsufESmjyif ydkí eufeufyHk
ay:apcsif&ifaygh/

rwf? 2008 135

Word Annoyance

pdwftaESmifht,Sufjzpfp&m Word jyóem
tcef; (3) tykdif; (2)
AutoText

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Annoyance

rlvtp Word version ta[mif;rsm;udk toHk;jyKcJhMu
pOfu documents rsm;twGi;f vsifjrefpmG tckid v
f u
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&onf/ ¤if;onf text twGJvkdufrsm;udk odkrSD;ay;xm;avh&Sd
onf/ Word 6 version xGuaf y:vmcsed w
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udk pwif rdwfqufvkdufojzifh AutoText \u@onf arS;
rSdefoGm;cJh&onf/ odkY&mwGif Word twGif; glossaries udk
qufvuf xnfhoGif;ay;xm;jrJjzpfonfh tac:ta0:udk
ajymif;vJxm;cJhonf/ ¤if;udk AutoText [k ac:cJhMuonf/
"Page X of Y" [lonfh entires rsm;uJo
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header odkYr[kwf footer rsm; jznfhpGuf&mwGif aumif;rGefyg
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menu levels rsm;twGuf oabmrayguf jzpfae&ygonf/
Fix
AutoText vkyc
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r0if jzpfaeMu&wwfonf/ AutoCorrect taejzifhvnf;

jznfhpGufp&mrsm;udk rSefuefaom tpDtpOftwkdif; tvdk
tavsmuf cvkwjf zKwfouJo
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Auto Text onf AutoCorrect xuf omvGefaumif;
rGefonfh tcsuftcsKdU &Sdaeygonf/ yxrtcsufrSm Auto
Text entries yHkpHjzifh template wpfckrS tjcm; template
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rsm;twGif; EdIufEdIufcRwfcRwf unformatted Auto Correct
entries rsm; xnfhoGif;,lonfhtcgrsKd;ESifh Normal .dot

136

uGefysLwm*sme,f

twGi;f rdr\
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version taejzifh wu,fpmvHk;rsm;udk toHk;cscGifh&oGm;ap
onf/ xdkYaMumifh tqdkygtcsufrsm;onf Auto Correct
entries rsm;udk ydkrdkvG,fulpGm vkyfukdifEkdifpGrf;&Sdap&ef Auto
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entries rsm; zefw;D jcif;jzifh tcsdeu
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tqdyk g entries rsm;onf rdrv
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taetay: rlwnfaeaomfvnf; long words rsm;\ twdk
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aom boilerplate text items rsm;twGuf entries zefwD;
jcif;rsKd;jzpfonf/ Plain-text Auto Correct entries onf
255 characters rsm;txd &oGm;aponf/ xdktcsdefwGif
formatted-text AutoCorrect entries rsm;onf rdrd MudKuf
ESpfoufoavmuf &Snfvsm;aeapEkdifonf/
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Entries pm&if;\xdyfqHk; odkYr[kwf atmufqHk;wGif Auto
Correct group vdu
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Replacement text rsm;\tprSm twkad umufwpfcu
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entries rsm;udk zefwD;&ef tvG,fqHk; enf;vrf;wpfckrSm
document wpfckudk pmvHk;aygif; ppfaq;pOfumvwGif jyK
vkyfjcif;yif jzpfonf/ Single-word spellcheck wpfck
twGuf context menu ay:rS Auto Correct submenu
udk oHk;ívnf;aumif;? Spelling and Grammer dialog
box twGif;rS Auto Correct cvkwfudk toHk;jyKí vnf;
aumif; vkyfudkifay;&onf/
toHk;rjyKvdkaomtcg Tools udak &G;í Auto Correct
Option odkYoGm;um "Replace text as you type" [laom
pmwef;udk Auto Correct tab ay:&Sd box rS check trSwf
tom;jyKay;jyD; qufvufvkyfukdifEkdifonf/

AutoText

Templates tMum; Auto Text Entries rsm;

ajymif ; a&T U , l j cif ;
Annoyance
Auto Text udk toHk;jyK&jcif;twGuf 0rf;ajrmufrdyg
onf/ rdrd\ documents rsm;twGif;okdY a&mufaponf/
Boilerplate items rsm;twGuf Auto Text entries aygif;

rsm;pGm zefw;D jzpfco
hJ nf/ odYk twGuf zefw;D rI wpfjyHKwpfrMuD;
&SdoGm;cJh&onf/ xdktcg Word tvkyfvkyfyHkrSm aES;auG;oGm;
onf[k xif&onf/ Normal.dot udk Munfhvkdufonfhtcg
wGifvnf; megabytes awmfawmfrsm;rsm; jyqdkaeawmhonf/
Fix

jzpfEkdifygonf/ AutoText \ tm;enf;csuf default
vdkY ,lqEkdifygonf/ AutoText entry wkdif; zefwD;xm;orQ
onf Normal .dot twGi;f odYk a&muf&o
dS mG ;wwfonf/ aemuf
qH;k wGif tvGet
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word onfvnf; lethargic jzpfoGm;apawmhonf/
xdktajctaersKd;wGif vkyf&rnfhvkyfief;pOfrSm tjcm;
templates rsm;qDodkY jzpfEkdifoavmuf Auto Text entries
rsm;udk a&TUajymif;ay;&onf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh Auto Text
entries tcsKdUonf projects rsm;twGuf oufqkdif&m tem-

twGuf tvG,fulqHk; vkyfief;pOftqifh (4) csuf

1/ Auto Text entry wpfckudk zefwD;&ef document twGif; text udk xnfhoGif;jyD; ¤if;wdkYudk select vkyfum (Alt +
F3) cvkwfukd ESdyfay;vkduf&onf/ Create AutoText dialog box twGif; AutoText entry topftwGuf
trnfwpfcu
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item xnfo
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f ul identify vkyaf pEkid v
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wpfck odkYr[kwf equal sign wpfckuJhodkYaom punctuation character wpfckESifh trnfudk pOf;pm;í ay;vkduf&rnf/
2/ AutoText entry wpfckudk xnfhoGif;&ef yxrpmvHk;av;vHk; odkYr[kwf trnf\ character rsm;udk ½dkuf,l&onf/
entry \ yxrtykdif;udk jyoay;aom Screen Tip wpfckudk word rS cif;jyay;aomtcg Enter udk ESdyfvkduf&onf/
3/ Auto Text entry \trnfukd rrSwfrdjzpfaecJhygu Tools udk a&G;cs,fjyD; Auto Correct Option ukd oGm;um
AutoText tab udk ESdyf,l&onf/ jyD;vQif entry udka&G;í insert button ukd click vkyf,l&onf/ tqdkyg page rS
Auto Text entries rsm;udkvnf; delete vkyf,lEkdifygao;onf/
4/ Auto Text Screen Tips rsm;udk pdwftaESmifht,Sufjzpfp&mtjzpf cHpm;ae&ygu Auto Correct dialog box \
Auto Text tab ay:&Sd "Show Auto Complete Suggestions" qdkonfhtcsuftwGuf uncheck trSwftom;
jyKay;vkduf&ygrnf/ Word 2000 wGifrl tqdkyg option twGuf "Show Auto Complete tip for AutoText and
dates" [k azmfjyxm;&Sdygvdrfhrnf/

rwf? 2008 137

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
plate rsm;&SdaejyD;

jzpfwwfonf/ tqdkyg template rsm;udk
vdt
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wGif ¤if;udk toifhjzpfaeapygvdrfhrnf/ odkYaomf tcsdefwkdif;
aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfonfr[kwfay/ Projects \ vkyfief;
trsKd;tpm;wpfcktwGuf trSefwu,f &Sdaeoifhaom Auto
Text entries rsm;twGuo
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.dot xuf global template u ydkrdk tqifajyEkdifonf/
Template wpfckrS tjcm; template wpfckodkY Auto
Text entries rsm; ajymif;a&TU&eftvdYk imS Tools udak &G;? Macro
udo
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cvkwfudkESdyfum Figure 3-5 wGif jrifawGY&ouJhodkY Auto
Text tab udk Click vky,
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rS 'Auto Text available in' a&G;cs,fxm;csuf\ 'Normal.
dot (global template) udk taotcsma&G;rd&ef ta&;MuD;
onf/ jyD;vQif dialog box \ ab;bufjcrf;ay:rS Close
File cvkwu
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File cvkwfukd click vkyfjyD; vdktyfonfh template udk zGifh,l
&onf/ "In Normal" pm&if;twGif; rdrdu tjcm; template
qDoYkd ul;,lvo
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cvkwfudk ESdyfvkdufyg/ jyD;vQif Organizer dialog box udk
ydwfjyD; destination template qDodkY ajymif;a&TUjyD; save
vkyfvkduf½Hkom&Sdonf/

rdrd\

documents rsm;rS mystery line z,fxkwfjcif;
Annoyance
Document wpfcktwGif; pm½dkufaecJhonfhtavsmuf
Word onf ½kwfw&ufqdkovdk decorative line rsm; xnfh

Figure 3-5
Normal.dot rS tjcm; template wpfcq
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items rsm; copy vky,
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AutoText tab udk toH;k jyK&onf/

138

uGefysLwm*sme,f

oGif;,lvkdufonf/ ¤if;wdkYudk drag vkyf,l&ef MudK;pm;aomf
vnf; ¤if;udk select vkyfír& jzpfae&ygonf/
Fix

¤if;onf Auto Format As You Type [lonfh feature
jzpfonf/ pmudk twef;vkduf½dkufcs&mwGif abmifwpfcktjzpf
toH;k csEkid &f ef tvdt
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xkdodkY Word rS csay;csufudk rjyKvkyfvdkvQif Ctrl +Z
udk ESdyfjcif;tm;jzifh vkdif;rjyKvkyfapEkdifawmhay/
Word 2003 odkYr[kwf XP wdkYonf Smart Tag button
ukd cif;jyvmcJhygu ¤if;udk click vkyfum "Undo Border
Line" udk Figure 3-6 wGif jyqdkxm;onfhtwkdif; a&G;cs,f
Ekdifonf/ cvkwfudk click jyefvkyfum Stop Automatically
Creating Border Lines ukd a&G;ay;&ygrnf/

Figure 3-6
Word onf Smart Tag button udk cif;rjyay;cJhygu
¤if;t&if paragraph marker ukd a&G;cs,fjcif;jzifh line udk
y,fzsuf,l&onf/ xdkYaemuf Delete udk ESdyfay;&onf/
wjcm;vkyfief;pOfwpfckrSm Line ygaeaom paragraph udk
select vkyfí Ctrl + Q udk ESdyfay;&onf/ ¤if;rS Style \
default formatting udk format jyefvkyfay;onf/ xdkYtjyif
format rS borders and shading odkYoGm;í None [laom
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Word taejzifh tqdkyg broders rsm; toHk;csjcif;rS
umuG,f&ef Tools udka&G;í Auto Correct Options odkYoGm;
um Auto Format As You Type tab udk a&G;,l&onf/
¤if;rS Border Line qdo
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jyK,l&onf/ jyD;vQif OK udkESdyf&efom&Sdonf/ (Word 2000
wGifrl Border Line tpm; Borders [líom azmfjyay;ae
vdrfhrnf/)
rdrd\ documents rsm;wGif tvsiftjref decorate
vkyf&ef tqdkyg feature udk rnfoYkd toH;k jyKonfudk atmufyg
twkdif; awGY&SdEkdifonf/
1/ Paragraph topfudk pyg/
2/ Hyphens (vdik ;f ao;wpfc)k underscores (vdik ;f xlwpfc)k
asterisks (tpufjzifh jyKvkyfxm;aom vkdif;wpfck) tildes
(zigzag vkdif;wpfck) equal signs (vkdif;jydKifESpfck) odkYr[kwf

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
Options trsm;pkonf ½dk;½dk;pif;pif;&SdMuonf/ odkYaomf

hash marks (vdkif;yg;ESpfcktMum; vkdif;xlcHxm;csuf) wdkYudk

oHk;ck odkYr[kwf ¤if;xufydkí ½dkufoGif;yg/
3/ Enter udkESdyfyg/
"AutoFormat As You Type" [lonfh options udk

yd w f , l j cif ;
Annoyance

rdrd½dkuf,lovdk Word rS text rsm;udk ajymif;ay;onf/
Smart quotes onf trSew
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rdrdtvdk&Sdonfh ae&mrsm;odkY wdwdusus rnfonfhae&mrS
ra&muf&SdcJhay/
Fix
Tools udka&G;í AutoCorrect Option oGm;um Auto
format As You Type tab ukd click vkyf,ljyD; uncheck

trSwfjyay;&onf/

atmufygtcsut
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rsm;pGm &&SdEkdifapygonf/
• Automatic bulleted lists rsm;ud k asterisk wpf c k
odkYr[kwf hyphen wpfck odkYr[kwf greater-than sign
wpfcjk zifh paragraph rsm;wGif pwifay;jcif;jzifh cvkwEf ydS f
vkdufovdk jzpfoGm;aponf/
• Automatic numbered lists rsm;ud k eH y gwf w pf c k
odYk r[kwf pmvH;k wpfv;kH jzifh paragraph rsm;wGif pwifay;
jcif;jzifh cvkwfESdyfvkdufovdk jzpfoGm;aponf/
• Automatic border lines rsm;udk asterisks odkYr[kwf
hyphen odkYr[kwf underscores odkYr[kwf tildes
odkYr[kwf equal sign odkYr[kwf hash marks oHk;ck
odYk r[kwf xdx
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kd pwifjyD; ay;jcif;jzifh cvkwEf ydS x
f nfh
vkdufovdk jzpfoGm;aponf/
• Tables rsm;udk hyphens rsm;ESifh plus sign rsm; aygif;
pyfjyD; pwifvkdufjcif;jzifh cvkwfESdyfxnfhvkdufovdk jzpf
oGm;aponf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh + ------ + -----+ ---- +------ [k ½dkufoGif;,lygu word onf
column av;ckygaom table udk zefqif;ay;onf/
Column width udkvnf; hyphens ta&twGufay: rl
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buf column rsm;onf us,fí tv,f column onf
usOf;aomyHkoP²mefjzifh ay:xGufvmay;ygvdrfhrnf/
rnfodkYyifjzpfap trsm;pkurl Table udka&G; Insert udk
oGm;um Table command odYkr[kwf Tables Et Borders
toolbar ukdom toHk;csavh&SdMuonf/
AutoFormat

ESifhtwl vkyfief;pOfESifh tcsdefudk avQmhcs

ay;jcif ;
Annoyance
Figure 3-7
Autoformat As You Type onf characters rsm;\ twGJ
udk twdtus ½dkuf,laomtcg tvdt
k avsmuf formatting
tjzpf Word rS toH;k cs,El idk af pa&;twGuf options rsm;pGm

yHkrus yef;rusjzpfaeaom owif;vTm? pmrsufESm 40
udk pwkdifus cif;usif;azmfjyEkdif&ef tcuftcJ &Sdaeygonf/

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om a&G;cs,f z,fxw
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2003 ESihf Word XP twGuf yg&adS om options rsm;udk
jrifawGEY idk fonf/ Word 2000 wGirf l options ta&twGuf
¤if;wdx
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udk oHk;Ekdifonf/
Document udkzGifhí format rSwpfqifh Auto Format
udk ESdyf,lvkdufygu Auto Format dialog box udk figure 38 twdkif; cif;jyvmygvdrfhrnf/ yxrqHk;tMudrf toHk;jyKol

Fix

rwf? 2008 139

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
jzpfygu Option udk click vkyfjyD; Auto Correct dialog
box udk ac:,lEkdifonf/ Auto Format udkoHk;vdkygu check
trSwfjyay;í roHk;vdkygu uncheck jyay;½Hkom&Sdonf/

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Toshiba notebook \ International
Warranty & Services ESihf ywfoufí

pme,fZif; &Sif;vif;yGJ
Lucky Bird Trading CO., Ltd. rS Toshiba notebook Authorized Dealer & Service Provider (Myanmar) \ International Warranty & Services ESihf ywfouf

Figure 3-8

tu,fí rdrdonf format vkyfxm;aom document
odrYk [kwf yHrk us yef;rusjzpfaeaom document wpfcu
k kd
vufc&H ,lrad omtcg vSvyS yjzpfomG ;ap&eftwGuf AutoFormat u tultnDay;Ekid yf gonf/
Autoformat dialog box odkYjyefoGm;&ef OK cvkwfudk
ESdyf,lyg/ xkdae&mwGif "Auto format now" option ESifh
"Auto Format and review each change" options wdkY

tMum; wpfckudk a&G;cs,fowfrSwf,l&ygonf/
omreftaetxm;t& "Auto Format now" udkom
a&G;cs,f&ef&Sdonf/ rnfonfht&mudk a&G;cs,fonfjzpfap

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Trading CO., Ltd. rS Managing Director OD;xifatmifci
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orm;rsm;\ ar;jref;csufrsm;udk jyefvnf ajzMum;cJhygonf/
Toshiba taejzifh Satellite, Portege, Tecra, Qosmio notebook trsKd;tpm; 4 rsKd;udk xkwv
f yk f a&mif;csvsuf &dyS gonf/
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Edkifygonf/

"Please select a document type to help improve the
formatting process" [laom ar;jref;csufjzifh Word rS
document yHkpHrsm;udk wifjyay;ygvdrfhrnf/
rdrdtvdk&Sdaom yHkpHtwkdif; a&G;cs,fjyojyD;onfESifh OK
udk ESdyfay;vkduf&onf/ tu,fírsm; "AutoFormat and
review each change" qdo
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f idk cf yhJ gurl
Word onf tjcm; AutoFormat dialog box udk jyay;ygvdrhf

rnf/ ¤if;wGif yHkpHwpfckcsif;u vkdonfrsm;udka&G;? rvdkonf
rsm;udky,f&if; tvdk&SdaomyHkpHudk oGif;,lEkdifygonf/
qufvufazmfjyygO;D rnf/

140

uGefysLwm*sme,f

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Photoshop

jzwfvrf;enf;rsm;
'Dvjzwfvrf;enf;rSm yHkrSef ajcmufaoGUaewJhvrf;udk pdk
pGwf awmufywJh vrf;jzpfatmif ajymif;vJyHk ajymjyygr,f/
tqihf «1»
'DyHkudk 'DvkdyHkjzpfatmif ajymif;rSmyg/

tqihf «3»
"Layer 2" udk a&jyifnr
D sOf;tay: flip vkyjf yD; vSev
f u
dk f
yg/ (Edit > Transform > Flip Vertical)

tqihf «2»

tqihf «4»

Background Layer udk duplicate ESpfcgyGm;yg/ Default tm;jzifhawmh ''Layer 1" eJY "Layer 2" trnfawGeJYay:

Layer 2 udk Hide vkyfyg/ Layer > Hide Layers ydkjyD;
vG,fwmuawmh Layers palette &JU rsufpdudk rSdwfxm;yg/

w,f/

rwf? 2008 141

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
tqihf «8»
Layer 2 &JU blending mode udk soft light okYd ajymif;yg/

tqihf «5»
tckvyk &f rSmu vrf;udk select ay;zdYk y/J uReaf wmfuawmh
Polygonal Lasso tool oHk;w,f/ vufpvufe aooyfzdkY
awmh vdkvdrhfr,faemf/ tjcm;enf;awG oHk;csif&ifvnf; oifh
oabmygyJ/

tqihf «6»
Selection udk inverse vkyfjyD; Layer 2 udk jrif&atmif
jyefzGifhyg/ Select > Inverse (Ctrl + Shift + I)

tqihf «7»
Delete key udk

142

ESdyfjyD; selection udk zsufypfyg/

uGefysLwm*sme,f

tqihf «9»
Layer 1 &JU blending mode udk overlay odkY ajymif;yg/

tqihf «10»
tckaemufqHk; vufpowfrItjzpf oifh&JU½kyfyHkudk ydkjyD;
obm0usatmif jrufeJY opfyifawGtay: burn tool eJY
jc,foyg/ jyD;awmh rdk;a&aMumifh pkdpGwfaewJhyHkay:apcsifr,fh
b,fae&mudkrqkdaygh/

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm

0if;'dk;Apfpwm ed'gef;
A PROLOGUE TO WINDOWS VISTA
tydkif; (2) tcef; (7)
Getting Stuff Into and Out of Your Computer
Scanning a Photo, Letter, or Receipt
Scanners rsm;ESihf 'pf*spw
f ,fuifr&mtrsm;pkonf ud,
k yf ikd af qmhz0f J

rsm; ygvmwwfonf/ aqmhzf0JtoGiftjyifawGu xl;xl;jcm;jcm; &Sdae
wwfouJo
h Ykd commands rsm; wpfyw
kH pfyifEiS hf trSw&f cuf? toH;k &cuf
yHpk rH sK;d jzihf MuHKawGU&wwfonf/ omreftm;jzifh ¤if;wdYk aqmhz0f yJ ½d*k &rfrsm;
udk xnfhoGif; toHk;rcsMuay/ taMumif;rSm uHtm;avsmfpGm tqdkyg
scanners ESifh uifr&mrsm;onf 0if;'dk;ApfpwmwGif vdkufavsmnDaxG
toHk;cscGifh&Sdaejcif;aMumihf jzpfonf/ 0if;'dk;ApfpwmwGif 'pf*spfw,f
"mwfyHkrsm;udk zrf;,lEdkifjcif;? images rsm;udk scan vkyfEdkifjcif; &Sdonfh
built-in scanning tools rsm; yg&So
d nf/ tu,fí rdrt
d aejzifh ¤if;wdYk EiS hf
twl yg&Sv
d maom software packaged rsm;udk xnfo
h iG ;f xm;&Sjd yD;onhf
wdkif 0if;'dk;Apfpwm\ tools rsm;udk toHk;jyKcGifh &Sdygonf/
Scanning with the scanning and camera wizard
Scanner udk rdry
d pD ED iS hf csw
d q
f uf,v
l u
kd jf yD;aemuf "mwfyrkH sm;? pmrsm;?
aiG&ajypmrsm;? tñTef;pm&if;rsm;uJhodkYaom rnfonfh ul;,lp&mudkrqdk
jyqdkoGm;rnfh vkyfief;pOfrsm;rStp scanning vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk vkyfudkif
oGm;½Hkom &Sdonf/
Scanning rvkyfrD scanner \ rSefjyifay:wGif tarG;trSifuGuf
rusef&pfEdkifaom t0wfwpfckckjzifh oefYpif vkyfudkifay;&onf/ tvGef
ao;rTm;onfh trIeftrTm;av; wpfckyif scan xnfhjyD;onfhtcg ay:vm
wwfojzifh aocsmpGm oefY&Sif;rI jyKxm;&ygonf/

rwf? 2008 143

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
1/ Scanner tzH;k udzk iG ífh "mwfyjkH zpfap? ul;rnhpf m&Guf jzpfap?
rSeo
f m;rsuEf mS jyifay: arSmufxm;um tzH;k udkjyefyw
d af y;&rnf/
rSerf suEf mS jyif\ nmbuftay:axmihaf e&m&Sd abmifwiG f
xduyfaeapjyD; puúL odYkr[kwf "mwfyu
kH kd csxm;,l&onf/
tu,fí ae&mcsxm;rI rrSefuefvQif rrSefuefonfh
taetxm;vdk udk;½dk;um;&m; xGufvmrnfjzpfonf/
fh l&rnf/
2/ Windows Fax and Scan y½d*k &rfukd zGi,
Start menu udk click vkyf? All Programs udk a&G;jyD;
Windows Fax and Scan udk ESdyf,l&onf/
3/ vdt
k yfvQif Scans [lonfh cvkwu
f ykd g ESyd &f rnf/
Scanning vk y f i ef ; pOf t wG u f wpf r sKd ; ? faxing
vkyfief;pOftwGuf wpfrsKd; jrifuGif;azmfjycsuf ESpfck
tMum; Windows Fax and Scan y½dk*&rfwGif vdktyf
ovdk toggles vkyf,lEdkifonf/
tu,fí fax menu \ xdyfydkif; abmifwef;wGif New
Fax odkYr[kwf Receive Fax Now [lonfh pm&if;udk
awGU&Sdygu scan [laom cvkwfudk ESdyf,lí scanning menu udk ajymif;,l&rnf/
4/ New Scan cvkwu
f kd click vkyjf y;D pm&if;rS rdrd scanner
\ icon udk ESdyfum OK udk qufEydS fay;&rnf/
Scanner wpfrsKd;xufydkí toHk;jyKavh&Sdolrsm;twGuf
ApfpwmrS rnfonfh scanner jzifh vkyfudkif&mwGif ar;
jref;jcif;udk oufqdkif&m scanner \ icon udk pm&if;rS
click vkyfjyD; a&G;cs,f&rnfh vkyfief;pOfjzpfonf/
5/ pm&if;rS tvd&k daS om scanning options rsm;udk a&G;cs,,
f l
&rnf/
Figure 7-3 wGif jyxm;ouJhodkY New Scan 0if;'dk;av;
ay:vmrnfjzpfonf/ ¤if;wGif scanning vkyfief;pOf
twGuf options awmfawmfrsm;rsm; yg&So
d nf/ ta&;MuD;
aom a&G;cs,frIrSm color format ESifh resolution tqihf
wdkYomvQif jzpfonf/

Fig: 7-3 Scan vkyif ef;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;wGif color format rS
color udk a&G;cs,,
f l&wwfonf/

144

uGefysLwm*sme,f

Color Format a&G;cs,fa&; oHk;rsKd;&SdonfÄ color- Scan vkyfief;pOftrsm;pkwGif omrefa&G;cs,frI

Ä

Ä

jzpfonf/ yg&Sdaeaom rnfonfh ta&miftuGufrqdk
jrifuGif; odvG,faom a&G;cs,frIjzifh a&G;cs,f&jcif;
jzpfonf/
Grayscale- ¤if;onf tjzLtrnf; "mwfyHkrsm; scanning vkyf&mwGif trsm;qHk; toHk;jyKonf/ cJa&mif\
rwlnDaom shades rsm; zrf;,lEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/
Black and White- tjzLESihf trnf; ESpr
f sKd;jziho
f m uGu
J JG
jym;jym; azmfjyxm;aom puúLrsm;twGufom toHk;jyK
jzpfMuonf/

Resolutions - yHk&dyfudk

jywfjywfom;om; tqHk;tjzwfay;
onf/ yHkazmfrsufESmjyifay:wGifjzpfap? y&ifh xkwfxm;onfh
tcgwGifjzpfap jywfom;rI&Sdap&ef vdktyfonf/ 150 rS 300
onf scans vkyif ef;pOftrsm;pktwGuf toihaf wmfq;kH [kum;
rSwf,lxm;oihfonf/ (resolution ESifh tao;pdwf oabm
w&m;rsm;udk aemuftcef;u@wGif oD;jcm; azmfjyay;oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/)
Scanners trsKd;tpm; uGJjym;jcm;em;onfESihftrQ options rsm; jcm;em;pGm &Sdaernfudk owdjyK&rnf/ Figure 7-3
wGif jyqdx
k m;onfh yHpk t
H wdik ;f wpfxyfwnf; jrifcsifrS jrifEikd f
ygvdrhfrnf/
6/ Scan cvkwfudk click vky,
f &l rnf/
ApfpwmrS rdrdtvdk&Sdaom image udk scan vkyfay;jyD;
scanned items rsm;\ y½d*
k &rfpm&if;udv
k nf; xnfah y;
onf/ atmufygcvkwfrsm;onf menu bar wGif &Sdae
MujyD; pm&if;ay:rS t&mtwdkif; aqmif&Gufay;onf/
tqdyk gcvkwo
f nf y½d*k &rf fax vkyif ef;
tcef;u@udk ñTef;qdkonf/ rdrd address book twGif;
&Sd wpfOD;wpfa,mufqDudk scan vkyfxm;csuf ay;ydkY
ay;ygvdrhfrnf/
Forward as E-mail - rdrd scan xkwfcsufudk ay;ydkYrnfh
tD;ar;vf\ attachment taejzifh aqmif&Gufay;&ef
&nfñTef;onf/
Save As - omreftm;jzihf rdrdtwGuf faxes rsm;onf fax
and scan y½dk*&rftwGif; ydwfrdaernfjzpfonf/ Reference taejzifh xm;&eftwGufjzpfap? wnf;jzwf&ef
twGujf zpfap tqdyk g faxs rsm;udk tjcm; folder wpfco
k Ykd
rdwåLul;,lxm;&onf/ Save As udk EdSyfvdkufvQif ¤if;
Forward as Fax -

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
onf picture folder wGif tvG,w
f ul a&muf&o
dS mG ;um
odrf;xm;ay;ygonf/
Print - rdrd Scan vkyc
f sufwpfcu
k kd rdwLå ul;,l&ef vdt
k yfygu
File menu rS Print udk a&G;cs,fESdyf,l&onf/

scan jyKvyk rf nfh

vkyif ef;

t&m
4_6 vufr "mwfykH tD;ar;vf
4_6 vufr "mwfykH Web
rnfonft
h &mrqdk y&ifx
h w
k jf cif;
pm
zufpyf jYkd cif;

toHk;jyKonfh save vkyf
dpi setting onfh format
100
100
600
200
300
2400

JPG
JPG
TIF
TIF
TIF
TIF

trsm;pkonf y&ifwmrsm;odkY network
wpfckay:wGif share rvkyfEdkifaMumif; owdjyKMu
&rnf/ xdkYtjyif rnfonfhae&modkY ra&TUrD scanner
udk lock vkyfxm;&efudkvnf; owdjyKxm;&rnf/

Table 7-1 General Guidelines for scanner settings

Choosing the right scanning resolution

rSwcf su/f

Scanners

,aeYacwf vlawmfawmfrsm;rsm;u 4800 dpi scanner
onf 2400 dpi odYkr[kwf 1200 dpi odYkr[kwf 300 dpi scanner rsm;xuf aumif;onf[k rSwf,lxm;avh &SdMuonf/
Resolution jrihfjrihfay;xm;av wefzdk;MuD;jrihfav jzpfyg
onf/ odkY&mwGif resolution jrihfrm;rI\ wefzdk;onf aiGom;
wefzdk;xuf ydkaernfjzpfonf/ wu,fwrf;rSmrl tcsdefwdkif;
high resolution images rsm;udk tvdk&Sdaernf r[kwfay/
2400 dpi jzifh scan vkyf,laomtcg wpfvufrwGif
tpufaygif; 2400 jzifh scan vkyaf y;onf/ armfew
D m\ resolution rSmvnf; dpi ESihfyif jyqdkavh&SdMuonf/ tcsKdU
armfeDwmrsm;onf resolution 2000 pixel jzihfom yHkazmfEdkif
Muonf/ highest resolution rnfrQtxd &&Sdonf[k Scanners wGif azmfjyxm;avh &SdMuaomfvnf; ¤if;onf armfeDwm
ay:wGif jyKjyifppfaq;&müom wpfvufr image udk Munhf
&efom jzpfrnf/ wpfenf;qdk&aomf resolution jrihfjrihfudk
scan vkyf,lonfh yHk&dyftwGuf jyKjyifjyifqif&mwGif tEkpdwf
vkyfudkifEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/ xdkYtwl wdkuf½dkuf "mwfyHk
xkwrf nfh vkyif ef;rsm;twGuf vdt
k yfonf/ odr;f qnf;vdyk gu
vnf; pD'D odkYr[kwf 'DAD'Dcsyfjym;rsm;jzifh oD;jcm; odrf;,lavh
&SdMuonf/ taMumif;rSm hard drive ay:wGif þrQMuD;rm;
aom files rsm; tpOfwpdkuf pkaqmif; odrf;xm;rnfqdkygu
valuable space rsm; epfemjcif;aMumifh jzpfonf/
rsm;aomtm;jzifh toHk;jyKMuolwdkif; Lower resolution jzifhom tvkyfvkyfavh &SdwwfMuygonf/ yHkZ,m; 71 wGif rnfrQtxd tvkyfvkyfMuyHkudk a,bk,soabm
jrifawGUEdkifygonf/ tD;ar;vfudpt
ö wGufjzpfap? Web Sites
udpötwGufjzpfap ae&m,lrIESifh qGJcs,lrIwdkYwGif jrefqefrI
&Sdap&ef files t&G,ftpm;udk avQmhcsay;onfhtaejzifh resolution edrhfedrfhudk toHk;jyKMuavh &Sdonf/

Text

rnfonft
h &mrqdk

OCR
Archive

/ OCR qdkonfrSm optical character recog\ twdkaumufjzpfonf/ Text rsm;udk scan
vkyf zwf,lum pmwpfapmiftoGiftjyifrsKd;jzifh word
processing qufvuf toHk;csEdkif&eftwGuf zwf½IEdkif
aom aqmhzf0J y½dk*&rfjzpfonf/
a,bk,svrf;ñTerf t
I aejzifh yHZk ,m; 7-1 udk toH;k csEikd f
Muygonf/ rdrd scanner taejzihf xdkodkY twdtus resolutions udk ay;aernfr[kwfay/ tcsKdU scanner rsm;onf
rdrd vkyfudkifrnfh vkyfief;pOftwGuf tqifajyqHk; enf;vrf;
wpfckckudk yHhydk; aqmif&Gufay;xm;avh &SdMuonf/
nition

Dealing with scans that look awful
Scanning vkyf,lonfh vkyfief;pOfonf tavhtusihf
&Sd&ef vdktyfonf/ tavhtusifh&SdvQif &SdouJhodkY vG,fulrI
&SdapjyD; tcsdefukefoufompGmjzihf rdrdtvdk&Sdonfht&mudk
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l
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*Pef;MuD;udk pm;yGaJ y: csay;vdu
k o
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h cg pm;avhpm;x&So
d l
taejzifh tvG,w
f ul oufaomiho
f ufom tcsdet
f enf;i,f
twGif; pm;aumif; jyD;pD;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
xdkenf;wlpGmyif scanning settings vkyf,lrIrsm;onf
tavhtusihfESifh uRrf;usifrItay: rlwnfaeavh &Sdonf/
tu,fí rdrdtaejzifh scanning vkyfief;rsm;pGm vkyf,l
rnf h o l jzpf a ecJ h y gu Adobe Photoshop Elements
uJhodkYaom *&yfzpfqdkif&m aqmhzf0Jwpfckudkyg 0,f,l toHk;
cs&ef pOf;pm;xm;oihfonf/ ¤if;jzifh touched up vkyf,l
f m;aom images rnfrQtxd ydak umif;
Edik v
f Qif rdrd scan vkyx
vmaMumif;udk vufawGUtoHk;cs vkyfudkifMunfhvQif odEdkifyg
vdrhfrnf/
odkY&mwGif rdrdtaejzifh 0if;'dk;ApfpwmomvQif &SdaejyD;
scanner wpfckESihf vkyfudkifrnfqdkygu atmufyg vufwdkY

rwf? 2008 145

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
tñTe;f rsm;jzifh taumif;qH;k scan ypön;f &Edik o
f mG ;ygvdrrfh nf/
Â

puúLy0grsKd;jzifh scanner oefY&Sif;a&;udk rvkyfoihf
ay/ ¤if;jzihf vkyfudkifygu rSefwGif tpif;aMumif;rsm;
jzpf o G m ;Ed k i f o nf / taumif ; qH k ; enf ; rS m glasscleaner udk toHk;jyKí trIeftrTm;rxGufaomt0wfESifh
yGwfwdkufoihfonf/

Â

uGefysLwmtpdwftydkif; trsm;pkESifh scanner rsm;
onf aemufq;kH xkwf driver rsm;ESit
fh wl yg0ifvmrI
enf;yg;wwfonf/ odkYtwGuf scanner \ drivers
rsm;udk update vkyf,l&ef xkwfvkyfolrsm;\ web site
udk 0ifa&muf Munhf½I&rnf/ ¤if;xHrS aemufqHk;xkwf
product's driver rsm;udk &Edkifygonf/

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computer router, Washing
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acwfay: pufawGtaMumif; odyfem;rvnfyg

rwf? 2008 151

uGeyf sLwmtar;tajz
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udk oHk;Munhfapvdkygw,f/
tif w meuf u ae tcrJ h
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download &,lEdkifygw,f/
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wdkY tifwmeufrSm aqmhzf0J
av;rsm; wif a y;xm;yg
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&,ljyD; oHk;Munhfyg/ 0ufbf
qdkufu 'www.isoft.ygn.cc'
jzpfygw,f/ iRepairMan.

twdkif; aqmif&GufMunhfyg/
vdktyf&if Adkif;&yfpf &Sif;ay;
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jzpfwwfwmawG

awGUzl;ygw,f/ Oyrm Jan 12
qdk&if update u Nov 22
jzpfaeygw,f/ xdkpufrsm;
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aemufrS xGufonfh Adkif;&yfpf
udk ppfray;Edkifwmvm;qdkwm
udk odcsifygw,f/ Kaspersky onf flashy virus udk
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rundll32.exe Bad Image
The application or DLL
C:\WINDOWS\System32\
SYSDM.CPL

152

is not a valid Windows
image.
Please check this against
your
installation diskette.
(2) Flash drive, MP3, MP4

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1: import java.io.*;
2:
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4:
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7:
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27:
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28:
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29:
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30:
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31: }

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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
Advanced group \
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
Editing Options atmuf Document wpfcv
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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21234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121

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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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onf/ Inserting point udk
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121
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uGefysLwmoifcef;pm

Java Developer Guide

Chapter (6)
6.2 USING THE AWT COMPONENTS BUTTONS
Swing Components xJrSm yg0ifwJh JButton eJY ywf
oufwJh program awGudk Chapter (3), Listing 3.7 Using
the JButton (or) Button qdjk yD;rS oifMum; ydYk csay;cJy
h gw,f/
tckoifcef;pmrSm ydkYcsay;r,fh Buttons eJY ywfoufwmawG
uawmh AWT package xJrSm yg0ifwJh components awG
ygyJ/ 'Dawmh pmzwfoltaeeJY t&ifqHk; Button Class eJY

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Button Class (AWT Package)
• Button object represents a label button that can
be clicked.
• Every button has an action command associated
with it that can be used to identify the button.
• A Button Object will generate an ActionEvent
Object When passed.
• When it is added to the Frame and Frame is made
visible, the Button is made Visible. By default the
Button is enableed.
• Button Objects are placed on a Frame using a
FlowLayout manager. They are placed from left
to right in a center-justified manner.
uRefawmf tck a&;jycJhwJh tcsufawG[m java.awt.*;
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tvufawGygyJ/ uJ qufvufjyD;awmhrS Button Class xJrmS
a&;om;xm;wJh Constructor method taMumif;udk avhvm

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172

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Button Constructor
Button Class &JU Constructor method rSm type (2)
rsKd; &Sdygw,f/ Overloading method taeeJY a&;om;xm;
wmygyJ/ olY&JU type awGudk avhvmMu&atmifvm;/
• Public Button ( ) ;
• Public Button (String Label);

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rSm owdjyKp&m&Sdwmuawmh Swing Components awGudk
toH;k jyKpOfwek ;f u JPanel udk ac:,l toH;k jyKcJw
h mudk pmzwf
oltaeeJY rSwfrdrSmyg/ 'Dawmh awt components tydkif;rSm
vnf;Panel Class [m yg0ifjyD;om;yg/ 'Dawmh Panel Class
eJY ywfoufwmudk avhvmvkdufygOD;/
Panel Class
• A Panel Object is a generic container without window properties such as frames or titles.
• It is often used as a container within a container.
'g[m Panel Class eJY ywfoufwhJ tcsut
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xnhfoGif; toHk;jyKcJhwJh JPanel Class taMumif;udkvnf;

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uJ Panel Class eJY ywfoufwmawGa&m Button Class eJY
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Listing 6.2 Using the AWT Components Panel and
Button qdkjyD;awmhrS ydkYcsay;xm;ygw,f/ avhvmMunhfyg/

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
Listing 6.2 Using the AWT Components Panel
and Button
1 . import java.awt.*;
2 . import java.awt.event.*;
3 . public Class AWTPanel extends Frame {
4.
Button b1, b2, b3, b4;
5.
AWTPanel ( ) {
6.
SetTitle ("Using the AWT Components
Buttons");
7.
SetResizable (false);
8.
b1 = new Button ("Button 1");
9.
b2 = new Button ("Button 2");
10.
b3 = new Button ("Button 3");
11.
b4 = new Button ("Button 4");
12.
Panel p = new panel( );
13.
p.add (b1);
14.
p.add (b2);
15.
p.add (b3);
16.
p.add(b4);
17.
add (P);
18.
addWindowListener(new WinClosing());
19.
setBounds(300, 300, 300, 200);
20.
setVisible(true);}
21.
22.
public Static Void main (String args
[]){
23.
AWTPanel at = new AWTPanel ( );
24.
}
25. }
26. class WinClosing extends WindowAdapter{
27.
public void WindowClosing (WindowEvent we)
28.

{ System.exit(0);}

29. }

uJ tcka&;jyxm;wJh Panel and Button eJY ywfoufwJh
Listing 6.2 udk Analysis vkyfMunhfMu&atmifvm;/
Analysis
1/ 'D program rSm awt package eJY ywfoufwJh package
file (2) ckukd Import & Declare vkyy
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import
import

java.awt.*;
java.awt.event.*;

qkdjyD;rS awGU&wmyg/ jyD;awmh primary class jzpfwJh
AWT-Panel Class udk zefwD;a&;om;ygw,f/ a&;om;
&mrSm Frame Class udk extends vkyfjyD;awmhrS a&;om;
xm;wmaemf/ tJ'D class xJrSmrS AWT Components
jzpfwJh Button Class udk ac:,ljyD;awmhrS object tjzpf
zefwD;ygw,f/
Button b1, b2, b3, b4 ;
'Dvkd class udk Object_Name trsm;tjym; ay;jyD;awmhrS

zefw;D xm;wm[m parallel processing tjzpf zefw;D ay;
xm;wmyJ jzpfygw,f/ 'gqk&d if Button Class udk object
trsm;tjym; zefwD;toHk;csvdkY &wmayghaemf/
tJ'DaemufrSmawmh AWTPanel ( ) qkdwJh constructor
function udk a&;om;ygw,f/ tJ'Daemuf Output Window_ Frame tjzpf azmfjyay;vmr,fh Frame &JU Title
ay:rSm ay:apcsifwJh Title pmom;twGuf SetTitle ( )
method ud k toH k ; jyKjyD ; awmh r S a&;om;ygw,f /
'gaMumifhsetTitle("Using

the

AWT

Components

Buttons");

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rvkyEf idk af tmif SetResizable ( ) method &JU arguments
ae&mrSm false xm;ay;cJhygw,f/ vkdif;eHygwf (7)rSm a&;
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(4) ckudk zefwD;ygw,f/ vkdif;eHygwf(8)uae (11)txd
a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ Button awGay:rSm yg0if&r,fh
Label_Text awGtwGuf uRefawmf a&;om;jycJhwJh constructor method twdkif; Button 1, Button 2 ....
tp&Sdojzifh a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ avhvmMunhfyg/
b1 = new Button ("Button1);
b2 = new Button ("Button 2);
b3 = new Button ("Button 3);
b4 = new Button ("Button 4);
uJ 'gqkd&ifawmh Button (4) ckudkvnf; zefwD;jyD;jyD/
Label awGudkvnf; xnfhoGif;jyD;oGm;jyDaemf/

2/ aemufxyf ta&;MuD;wJhtcsuf &Sdygao;w,f/ tJ'gu
awmh Button awG? Check Box awG? Label awG? TextField awG tp&Sw
d mawGukd ac:,ltoH;k jyK&if panel class
udk ac:,l toHk;jyK&ygw,f/ Swing Components awG
ac:,l toHk;jyKw,fqkd&ifawmh JPanel Class udk ac:,l
toHk;jyK&wmudk oabmayguf em;vnfrSmyg/ 'Dawmh
panel class udk vkdif;eHygwf (12)rSm a&;om; ac:,lyg
w,f/ Object_Name p taeeJYygyJ/ uJ jyD;awmh tay:rSm
zefwD;cJhwJh Button awGudk panel xJukd add ( ) method
eJY aygif;xnhfygw,f/ jyD;awmh tJ'D panel wpfckvHk;udk
frame ay:udk jyefjyD;awmhrS add ( ) vkyfvdkufjyefygw,f/

rwf? 2008 173

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tJ'v
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Output xGufvmwJh Windows udk Close vkyfEkdifzdkY
twGuf

Closing ( ) method eJY ywfoufwmygyJ/ Closing ( )
method [m Event HandLing awGukd toH;k csjyD;awmhrS
a&;om;xm;wmygyJ/ [kwfjyDaemf/ oufqkdif&m Event
Listener awGeJY ywfoufwJh oifcef;pmudka&muf&if ao

addWindowsListener (new WinClosing ( ) );
method udk ac:,ltoHk;csxm;ygw,f/ tJ'gjyD;awmh
Output Windows ay:&r,fh x,y coordinate System
t& ay:&r,fh ae&mudk x = 300, y = 300, owfrSwfxm;
ygw,f/ jyD;awmhrS Frame &JU t&G,ftpm;udk Width =
300, Height = 200 owfrSwfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh vkdif;

aocsmcsm avhvmEdkifatmif ydkYcsay;xm;ygw,f/ 'Dawmh
tJ'D function wpfcv
k ;kH &JU t"dutcsujf zpfwhJ vdik ;f eHygwf
(28) rSm a&;om;xm;wJh-

eHygwf (19)rSm
setBounds (300, 300, 300, 200);

qkdjyD;awmhrS a&;om;xm;ygw,f/
tJ'DaemufrSmawmh vkdif;eHygwf (20)rSm Frame_Windows udk azmfjyay;EkdifzdkYtwGuf
setVisible (true);

qdkjyD;awmhrS a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ uJ 'D Code_Line
txd avhvm&wm bmrQ tcuftcJ r&SdEkdifygbl;aemf/
'Dawmh usefwJh code_line awGudk qufvuf avhvmMu
wmaygh/
3/ vdkif;eHygwf (22)rSmawmh main ( ) function udk a&;om;
xm;ygw,f/ tJ'D main( ) function xJrSmawmh taxG
txl;cufcw
J m ryg0ifygbl;/ tay:rSm zefw;D cJw
h hJ AWT
Panel Class udk object tjzpf zefwD;jyD;awmhrS ac:,l
vdkufwmygyJ/ 'DtcgrSm AWTPanel &JU constructor
function [m tvkdtavsmuf invoked jzpfvmjyD;awmhrS
tvkyf0ifvkyfawmhwmygyJ/ 'Dawmh tay:rSm avhvmcJhwJh
constructor function udk avhvmjyD;oGm;jyDqadk wmh bmrQ
tcuftcJ r&Sdawmhygbl;/ Main ( ) Function &JU Close
brace } udkawmh vkdif;eHygwf (24) rSm vmydwfxm;yg
w,f/ Primary_Class jzpfwJh AWTPanel &JU Close
brace } udkawmh vkdif;eHygwf (25) rSm vmydwfxm;wmudk
awGUjrif&rSmyg/
uJ qufvuf avhvmMu&rSmawmh constructor function ( ) &JU vkdif;eHygwf (18)rSm a&;om;jyD;awmhrS toHk;cs
xm;wJh

System.exit(0);

qkdwJh Code_Line udk avhvmMunhfyg/ 'g[m vuf&Sd
awt components &JU Frame udk Close & Exit vkyaf y;Edi
kf
zdkYtwGuf a&;om;ay;xm;wmygyJ/ uJ 'gqkd&ifawmh
Listing 6.2 wpfcv
k ;kH udk em;vnf oabmaygufomG ;awmh
rSmyg/ 'gqk&d ifawmh 'D Code_Line awGukd JAVA_ Code
File tjzpfa&;om;Mu&atmifvm;/ xH;k pHtwki
d ;f uReaf wmf
uawmh Microsoft Windows eJYtwl Built-in yg0if
vmwJh Notepad program (Text Editor) udkyJ toHk;jyK
ygw,f/ uJ Code_Line awGudk pmzwfoltaeeJY Start
→ All Programs → Accessories → Notepad programs udk zGifhjyD;awmhrS ½dkufoGif;vdkufyg/ 'grSr[kwf&if
vnf; uRefawmfh&JUpmtkyfeJYtwl yg0ifvmwJh CodeFile_
CD udk toH;k jyKjyD;awmhrS tJ'D CD &JU Chapter (6) Folder
atmufrSm yg0ifwJh AWTPanel.java qkdwJh Code_File
udk ul;,lvkdufyg/ jyD;&ifawmh pmzwfol&JU computer
C:\j2sdk1.4.1_01\bin xJukd oGm;jyD;awmh paste csvu
dk f
yg/ uJ Code_File ay:rSm Code_Line awG a&;om;xm;
yHkukd Figure 6.4 taeeJY a&;om; azmfjyxm;ygw,f/ avh
vmMunhfyg/

addWindowListener (new WinClosing( ));

method eJY ywfoufwmudk avhvmMu&atmifvm;/ tJ'D
addWindowListener ( ) method uawmh rlv awt
packages xJrSm yg0ifygw,f/ tJ'D function &JU parameter arguments xJrmS xnho
f iG ;f toH;k csxm;wJh Win-

174

uGefysLwm*sme,f

Figure 6.4 Write the program code_line in the
Notepad, AWTPanel.java

uGefysLwmoifcef;pm
tckazmfjyxm;wJh Figure 6.4 utwkdif; Code_Line
awGudk a&;om;jyD;oGm;jyDqkd&ifawmh File_Name udk AWT
Panel.java vkdY trnfay;jyD;awmhrS Save vkyfvkdufyg/
DIRECTORY uawmh pmzwfolodwJhtwkdif; C:\j2sdk
1.4.1_01\bin atmufrmS ygyJ/ uJ Save As vkyjf yD;oGm;jyDq&
dk if
awmh Start → Programs → Accessories → Command
Prompt (DOS) udk zGifhvdkufyg/ Command Prompt xJudk
a&muf&ifawmh atmufyg command eJY DIR Change vkyf
vdkufyg/
cd C:\j2sdk 1.4.1_01\bin ↵
'DtcgrSm Command Prompt xJu DIR Prompt
oauFw[m C:\j2sdk1.4.1_01\bin> qkjd yD;awmhrS ay:aerSm
yg/ CLS ↵ command eJY Clear Screen vkyfvkdufygOD;/ uJ
jyD;&ifawmh atmufyg Command Line eJY AWTPanel.java
Program ukd Compile vkyfvdkufyg/
javac AWTPanel.java ↵
uJ 'gqk&d ifawmh AWTPanel.java program code_line
awGudk Compile vkyv
f u
kd yf gjyD/ wu,fvYkd error &S&d ifvnf;
pmzwfol error ygwJh Line No; twkid ;f jyef&iS ;f yg/ jyD;&ifawmh
Save As vkyfjyD;rS Compile jyefvkyfayghaemf/ uJ jyD;&if
atmufyg Command eJY Run vkyfvdkufyg/
java AWTPanel ↵
tJ'DvkdrsKd; Compile & Run vkyfxm;yHkudk Figure 6.5
rSm a&;om; azmfjyay;xm;ygw,f/ avhvmMunhfyg/

Figure 6.5 utwdkif; Compile & Run vkyfvdkuf&if
atmufrSm azmfjyxm;whJtwkdif; Using the AWTComponents Buttons qdw
k hJ Title_Text eJY Width=300, Height
= 200 t&G,ftpm;&SdwJh Button (4) ck yg0ifwJh Frame [m
Computer Desktop Screen &JU x,y coordinate qHkrSwf
300, 300 ae&mrSm vmjyD;awmhrS azmfjyay;aerSmygyJ/ avhvm

Munhfyg/

Figure 6.6 Run the programe, AWTPanel.java

uJ tckazmfjycJw
h hJ Listing 6.2 udk avhvmMunh&f if AWT
Components &JU tpdwftydkif;awGjzpfwJh Button Class &,f?
Panel Class &,f taMumif;ukd tawmfrsm;rsm; em;vnf
oabmaygufoGm;avmufrSmyg/ 'gaMumifh Chapter (6) &JU
Sub-Index 6.3 Using the AWT Components, Flowlayout Illustrate qkdwJh oifcef;pmtydkif;udk qufvuf avh
vmMu&atmifvm;/ 'grSom AWT Components taMumif;

awGudk qufvuf avhvmEkdifrSmayghaemf/ uJ qufvufavh
vmMuygpkdY/
Figure 6.5 Compile & Run of the AWTPanel.java

KYAW ZAYAR LAY [ IT ENGINEERING ]

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ausmufwHwm;jrKd Ue,f? &efuek /f
zke;f - 387305

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