# ‫ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺿﻴﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ‬

7/‫ﺩﺭﺱ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ 

‫ﺙ
ی ا ون اه‬ 

 
  

:‫א‬

!‫ ﻡ‬# \$

(  ‫ا  ا و    ا آ ر)م‬:‫ى‬

−∞ ‫ أ و‬+∞ 

# ‫  ا‬#‫
ی & ﻡ‬.I

. a ∈ R  [ a; +∞[ ‫ دا د 
ل‬f 
" lim f = +∞ "

‫أو‬

+∞

" lim f ( x ) = +∞ " : !  " +∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬+∞ 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫إذا آ‬
x →+∞

lim f ( x ) = −∞ ‫ أو‬lim f ( x ) = −∞ ‫أو‬

x →+∞

x →−∞

lim f ( x ) = +∞ : ‫* )('
ا 'ت ا‬+( ,‫ ا‬+

x →−∞

:‫
یت ا دی‬  

lim x = −∞ 
‫ دي‬n ‫ إذا آن‬lim x = −∞ 

n
∀n ∈ ∗ lim x = +∞
x →+∞

lim x 3 = +∞ 

= +∞  

lim x = −∞ 
.‫ زوﺝ‬n ‫ إذا آن‬lim x = +∞ 

lim x 2 = +∞

x →+∞

x →+∞

3

lim x 2

x →−∞

x →−∞

n

lim x = +∞

x →+∞

x →−∞

n

x →−∞

x →−∞

−∞ ‫ أ و‬+∞ 

# ‫  ا‬#‫
ی ﻡ‬.II 

22 ‫ دا‬l  ‫ و‬a ∈ R  [ a; +∞[ ‫ دا د 
ل‬f 
" lim f = l "

" lim f ( x ) = l " : !  " +∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬l 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫إذا آ‬

‫أو‬

+∞

x →+∞ 

22 ‫ دا‬l ′  ‫ و‬b ∈ R  ]−∞;b] ‫ دا د 
ل‬f 
" lim f = l ′ "
−∞

‫أو‬

" lim f ( x ) = l ′ " : !  " −∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬l ′ 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫إذا آ‬
x →−∞

:‫
یت ا دی‬
∀n ∈ ∗

1
=0
x →−∞ x n
lim 

∀n ∈ ∗

1
=0
x →+∞ x n
lim 

1
= 0−
x →−∞ x
lim 

1
= 0+
x →+∞ x
lim  

22 ‫ دا‬l ‫ دا د و‬f 
: *
.‫ ا ' وة‬7‫ ( ن ه‬−∞ . ‫ )أو‬+∞ . l ' *,2‫ ﺕ‬f ‫إذا آ‬

lim ( f ( x ) − l ) = 0 9 lim f ( x ) = l

x →+∞

x →+∞

lim ( f ( x ) − l ) = 0 9 lim f ( x ) = l

x →−∞

x →−∞ 

!+
, ‫ ا‬-
.‫  و ا‬# ‫ ی ا‬#‫ ا‬.III 
!+
, ‫  ا‬#‫
ی ﻡ‬.1
α ∈  +∗  ]a − α ; a + α [ *)‫ 
ل
ا‬f :( 22 ‫ د‬a ‫ و‬l ‫ دا د و‬f 
" lim f = l "
a

‫أو‬

]a − α ; a + α [ − {a} *)‫;
ا‬+
‫أو‬
" lim f ( x ) = l " : !  " a 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬l 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫إذا آ‬
x →a 
* .2 
22 ‫ د‬a ‫ و‬l ‫ دا د و‬f 
.‫ ا ' وة‬7‫ ن ه‬a . l ' *,2‫ ﺕ‬f ‫إذا آ‬

 
:‫اذ‬

:‫
یت ا دی‬
∀n ∈ ∗ 

lim x n = 0
x →0

lim x 3 = 0
x →0 

lim x 2 = 0
x →0 

lim x = 0
x →0  

!+
, ‫  ا‬#‫
ی & ﻡ‬.3
. a ∈ R ‫ دا د و‬f 
" lim f = +∞ "
a

" lim f ( x ) = +∞ " : !  " a 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬+∞ 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫إذا آ‬

‫أو‬

x →a 

!+
, ‫ر ا‬5‫ ا‬3 ‫ ی‬#‫ ا  وا‬3 ‫ ی‬#‫ا‬.IV 
22 ‫ د‬a ‫ و‬l ‫ دا د و‬f 
" lim f ( x ) = l "
x →a
xa

" lim+ f ( x ) = l " : !  " +‫
ا‬a 
‫ إ‬x ‫   ول‬l 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫ إذا آ‬

‫أو‬

x →a

" lim+ f ( x ) = +∞ " : !  " +‫
ا‬a 
‫ إ‬x ‫ (   ول‬−∞ 
‫ ا‬.‫ )
ا;ا‬+∞ 
‫ ول إ‬f ( x ) ‫ إذا آ‬
x →a

(

lim f ( x ) = −∞ ‫ أو‬lim f ( x ) = −∞ .‫ " )
ا;ا‬lim f ( x ) = +∞ "

x →a+

x →a
xa

‫أو‬

x →a
xa 

!+
, ‫ر‬5‫ ا‬3 ‫ ی‬#‫ ا‬+‫ ا!ی‬67# ‫ف‬9

:‫
یت ا دی‬
lim
x →0
x 0

1
= +∞
x
lim
x →0
x≺ 0 

1
= −∞
xn

lim x = 0
x →0
x 0 

∀n ∈ ∗ lim
x →0
x 0

‫ ن‬, ‫ دي = م‬n ‫إذا آن‬

1
= +∞
xn 

lim
x →0
x≺ 0 

1
= −∞
x →0 x
x≺ 0

lim

1
= +∞
xn

1
= +∞
x →0 x
x 0 

lim

‫ ن‬, ‫ = م‬.‫ زوﺝ‬n ‫إذا آن‬  

22 ‫ د‬a ‫ و‬l ‫ دا د و‬f  :#‫ه‬\$‫ﻡ‬
lim f ( x ) = lim f ( x ) = l 9 lim+ f ( x ) = l
x →a
xa

x→a
x≺ a

x →a

‫ یت‬#‫ ا‬3 ‫ ت‬9‫ ا‬.V
‫ و ا?ر‬+‫
ا‬:B
2,‫ ت ﺕ‬+‫ ا‬7@‫ وه‬, ‫ن‬22 ‫ دان‬l ′ ‫ و‬l ‫ و‬−∞ ‫ أو‬+∞ ‫ أو ?وي‬.22 ‫ د‬a .   *‫ آ‬.

:: ‫ ی و ا‬#‫ ا‬.1
lim f ( x )

l

l

lim g ( x )

l′

+∞

x →a

x →a

l

+∞ −∞

−∞

+∞

−∞ +∞ −∞

+∞

−∞

lim ( f + g )( x ) l + l ′ +∞ −∞ +∞ −∞ ‫د‬: = *‫ﺵ‬

x →a

:‫ ی و ا<ب‬#‫ ا‬.2
lim f ( x )

l

lim g ( x )

l′

l  0 l ≺ 0 l  0 l ≺ 0 +∞ +∞ −∞

0

+∞ −∞

x →a

+∞

+∞

−∞

−∞

+∞ −∞ −∞ +∞ ‫ أو‬−∞

+∞

+∞

−∞

+∞

+∞ −∞ +∞

0

x →a

lim ( fg )( x ) l . l ′
x →a

‫د‬: = *‫ﺵ‬

:‫ب‬+ ‫ ی و ا‬#‫ ا‬.3

 
:‫اذ‬

lim g ( x )

x →a

l ′ ∈ R∗ +∞ −∞

1
lim   ( x )
x →a
g

1
l′

0

0+

0

0−

+∞ −∞

:‫ ی و ا?رج‬#‫ ا‬.4
‫ أو‬−∞
l≺0

‫ أو‬+∞
l0

‫ أو‬+∞
l0

‫ أو‬−∞

l≺0

0+

0+

0−

0−

−∞

−∞

+∞

−∞

+∞

lim f ( x )

l

l

+∞

lim g ( x )

l′ ≠ 0

l0

 f 
lim   ( x )
x →a
g

l
l′

−∞

x →a

−∞

0

−∞
+∞

l≺0

0

−∞
+∞

l≺0

l0
x →a

+∞

0

−∞

‫د‬: = *‫ﺵ‬

+∞

+∞ 

‫ودی‬A‫
ی اا ا‬.5
‫ درﺝ‬,‫آ‬E‫ ' ه ا‬.‫ ه‬−∞ 
‫ أو إ‬+∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫' دا ود   ﺕول‬ 

‫ری‬C‫
ی اا ا‬.6
. ‫ درﺝ‬,‫آ‬E‫رج ' ' ا‬G .‫ ه‬−∞ 
‫ أو إ‬+∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫' دا ﺝ@ر   ﺕول‬ 

‫ری‬C‫ﺝ‬.‫
ی اوال ا‬.7
:*
∀x ∈ [ a; +∞[ f ( x ) ≥ 0 :( [ a; +∞[ *)‫ دا د 
ل
ا‬f 
. ‫ درﺝ‬,‫آ‬E‫رج ' ' ا‬G .‫ ه‬−∞ 
‫ أو إ‬+∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫' دا ﺝ@ر   ﺕول‬

f ( x ) = l ‫ ن‬l ≥ 0 ‫ و‬lim f ( x ) = l ‫إذا آن‬

f ( x ) = +∞ ‫ ن‬l ≥ 0 ‫ و‬lim f ( x ) = +∞ ‫إذا آن‬

lim
x →+∞

lim
x →+∞

x →+∞

x →+∞

‫ أو إ
ا?ر‬+‫
ا‬a 
‫ أو إ‬a 
‫ أو إ‬−∞ 
‫ إ‬x ‫ إذا آن ﺕول‬:B
2,‫ ﺕ‬BG 7@‫ه‬

: HI   

ی اوال ا‬.8
:‫*ت‬ 

lim cos x = cos a 

∀a ∈ R∗ lim
x →0

sin ax
=1
ax

lim
x →0

tan x
=1
x 

lim
x →0

1 − cos x 1
=
x2
2 

lim
x →0

sin x
=1
x 

lim sin x = 0  ∀a ∈ R lim tanaxax = 1
π
∀k ∈ Z ‫ و‬a ≠ + kπ lim tan x = tan a  lim tan x = 0 
∀a ∈ R lim sin x = sin a
2
x →a

lim cos x = 1
x →0

x →0

x →0

x →a

x →0

x →a   

 
:‫اذ‬