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To find the main dump for the city of Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital, drive down the dirt road near the radio station in the commune of Stung Meanchey. Three siblings -- the elder boys Kayrith, 14, and Ratha, 12, and their younger sister, Minea, 10 -- and their cousin, Thavara, 11, work there as scavengers. (1)_________ ____________________________________________Bo, 37, mother Sam On, 35, younger sisters Srey Yaan, 5, and Srey Yan, 4, and 10-month-old brother Sam Naang. Their home is a typical twostory, bamboo-framed shack with a corrugated tin roof, and walls of patched-together corrugated tin and scavenged materials. The children sleep on the second story, which has a floor of slatted bamboo. The parents sleep on the damp and muddy first floor, so that they can guard the flock of ducks they scoot into a pen beside the cooking platform. One day, (2) _________________________ _________________________________________ . On another day, photographer Jon Warren, who is nearly six feet tall, stepped on a seemingly dry spot and sunk in up to his thigh.Children ride on a front loader. The children of the Phou family scavenge in the dump almost every day to earn money for school fees and to supplement the family's meager budget. Their father, who worked as a garbage truck worker, lost his job when malaria made him miss 3 days of work. The boys are able to earn about $0.35 each for several hours of work.
Match the stories to the photos.
Around the world, children and their families make bricks out of clay packed into simple molds. The clay is dried, and then baked in a kiln. In three Latin American countries -- Peru, Argentina and Ecuador -- (3) ___ _______________________________________, according to a report by the International Labor Organization. Workers are often unskilled immigrants from rural areas. (4) ______________________________, and so whole families work together. Some efforts, funded by the ILO, are being made in the three countries to modernize brick production, eliminating middle-men between workers and the kilns, and supply social services, especially education. The ILO's goal is to withdraw children from brick-making work. Miriam’s sister plays with her puppy while walking across drying bricks spread on ground.
Since 1993, Burundi has been gripped by a civil war between the Tutsi-led government and rebel groups dominated -- and claiming to represent -- the Hutu majority population. The government has herded the mostly Hutu population into camps near the capital city of Bujumbura. (5) _________________________________________________________________________ , food shortages and boredom of the camps. Desperation and hopelessness drives some despite -- such as Ntirandekura, 16, to think that they have little choice but to join. (6) ______________________________________________ , such as the boys pictured at Muramvya Training Camp, a training camp for the army. Ntirandekura, 16, who is not a member of the Burundian army, poses with his handmade gun in the village of Bandaga. The uniform he wears and the bullets he shoots were given to him by the army. "They have told me to come register. I think I will be a soldier in days to come . . . . I can't be afraid of dying because even if they find me at home they can kill me."
A - Others join in a relatively open manner B - Fresh water and electricity are scarce. Pay is low, while production quotas are high C - the children enjoy the games they play in the dump D - The siblings live near the dump with their father E - Thavara sank in the garbage up to her neck F - children make bricks to build the family home G - Children from the camps join the army and guerilla groups in order to escape the poverty H - the brick factories are concentrated on the outskirts of large cities.
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Go to the website (the address is above) and answer the questions below. You will have to summarise the information.
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What is child labor? What is a child? Who are child laborers and how many are there? Where do child laborers live? Is there child labor in the United States? What do child laborers do? Why should we care? How can ordinary people help reduce child labor? How was child labor reduced in today's developed countries? What are some of the myths or misunderstandings about child labor? What causes child labor today? What are some of the solutions to child labor today?